The Times-herald. (Burns, Harney County, Or.) 1896-1929, January 23, 1909, Image 2

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aAT0nA.T. JANVAUV S3, 1909
Ono Yet .
Six Months
. .75
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The announcement tlmt "Mr.
Hnrrimjan is"nbout to build a rail
road into'Ccntrnl Oregon," which
appeared in The OrcKonimi a day
or two ago, is another ono of those
semioccasional mouthings emulat
ing from pome of the Harriman
Office boys connected with the 0.
R. & N. or S. P. lines in this
The peopleof this section have
been fed upon such rumors for
many years, long before Mr
Harriman emerged from his
dingy Wall-street office to find
that there was such a plac'c as
Hut let the reader lor a mom
ent ponder over the latest pro-
nunciamento and think what it
means for us to have a railroad
built "up the Des Chutes to Red
The simple announcement that
such a road is to "tap Central
Oregon" is on a par with the
railway promises given out for
the last quarter of a century.
Taking Burns as the metropo
lis of the great Harney county,
and as the entrepost of an area
almost two-thirds as large as the
entire State, it will be seen by
refering to any map, that with
this road constructed we would
still be over a hundred miles
from a railway station, and the
nearest one would be then, as
now, at Austin, for Redmond is
ICO miles from Burns.
No railway from the Columbia
can ever be of any great relief to
this country no number of roads
from there can much assist us.
Let the Sumpter Valley be ex
tended across two or three moun
tain ranges; let the Biggs branch
come up the Des Chutes and
across the hills, and let another
be built up the John Day and
what will they amount to in com
parison with a road from Boise
to Coos bay.
We are free to admit that con
nections with the 0. R. & N.
would benefit us to a degree in
the way of taxable property, and
to some extent would facilitate
passenger traffic and cheapen ex
press charges; but as an outlet to
the lumber, stock and agricultu
ral interests of the country they
would amount to nothing.
To the city of Portland any and
all such railways would amount
to much, and the Harriman in
trests seem to be based on the
hypothesis that all of the trade
of Oregon must go to Portland,
regardless of the interests of the
subservient country.
We are all loyal to Portland,
we acknowledge it, and with
pride, as the metropolis of the
Northwest; and ,we hope it will
grow in population, in stability,
in financial and mercantile im
portance until it is the mistress
of the Pacific and we will ever
be ready to pay tribute to it.
But let the people of Portland
and the Harriman people remem
ber that the interests of Portland
can best be subserved by treat
ing us all fairly, by assisting in
the development of the entile
tributary area, and that the build
ing up of Boise, the development
of central Oregon and the build
ing of a great harbor at Coos bay
will but add glory and prestige
and prosperity to Portland.
There will be brought before
the present state legislature ono
or more bills having for their
purpose the governing of the
water for irrigation and other
purposes. The writer has neith
er a technical or practical knowl
edge of irrigation, therefore will
not attempt to express any defi
nite opinion as to the kind of law
most suited to the needs of Or
egon. The apparent unsettled
state of affairs as to water rights
is more or less confusing arid
the idea of some plan whereby
one may have a title to a certain
amount of water the same as a
deed to real estate appeals to the
ordi .ary individual as the proper
thing. Yet, can this be done?
There seems to bo a wide differ
ence of opinion on this subject
and tho legislature should care
fully consider all phases before
acting. Such radical measures
as the Bien law of two years
ago will find strong opposition
from present water right owners
and old time irrigator, who claim
it is too radical and vicious, In
considering this matter one should
not take entirely tho views of a
-riidifiil nor ...should the man who
has a selfish purpose bo given
full credence. The idea of pas
sing a law that would', bo of uni
form benefit m the state of Ore
gon seems almost out of the
question yet it may'kho possible.
Ono thing is certain, however,
that a law giving unlimited pow
er to ono man in settling all
water troubles will bo resisted by
many who have a practical knowledge-
of irrigation This is es
pecially true if that man be one
with only n technical knowledge
of irrigation and an appointive
officer. A theorist will not suc
cessfully handle the water of any
stream in Eastern Oregon to the
satisfaction of the users. Another
thing, if it is the intention or
purpose of such a law to do away
with litigation, it may as well bo
dropped for that also is out of
the question. All the scientific
knowledge on earth will not pre
vent men from litigating over
water the same as over other dis
putes. In considering legislation along
this hue our representatives
should not be governed by the
radical, the extremist, or theorist,
nor should they act entirely upon
the suggestions of the men who
have had practical experience,
yet the latter have just as much
right to bo heard as the scientific
man who is all theorios.
Is it possible to pass a law of
this character that will cover all
cases and be applicable to all sec
tions of the state?
For instance: In some loca
lities and on some soils more
water is necessary than others.
It may require an inch of water
for a certain period until it has
been brought to a high state of
cultivation when later, perhaps,
one-fourth is sufficient for the
purpose. If one has secured ti
tle to an inch of water and later
finds he doesn't need it, may ho
dispose of it as he would his land
or will some ollicer come along
and tell him just how much ho
may have and take the rest away
from him? We are told that one
is entitled to whatever water ho
may put to beneficial use but who
is the judge?
The Times-Herald earnestly
hopes that some measure may be
passed wherebyjone may have a
title to a certain amount of wa
ter for irrigation purposes. The
present laws do not seem to cov
er the ground. An examination
of thelrecords of Harney County
will disclose a rather startling
fact that more water has been
appropriated from the little
stream of Silvies river than (lows
down the Columbia. Yet some
claim there is a surplus. This is
one argument in favor of a wa
ter code in Oregon.
Thero is a tendency upon the
part of men of affairs throughout
Oregon to neglect certain por
tions, or rather, fail to consider
the possibilities of remote sec
tions. They seemingly fail to
realize that only a comparatively
small portion of the great state
of Oregon is really put to use
that the greater part of the state
yet lies idle and undeveloped.
Local interests and human hel
fishness have caused them to be
short sighted as to the real bene
The object of the establishment
of a dry-land experiment farm is
for the purpose of bringing such
land as is now idle into practical
and beneficial use; to demons
trate the products most profit
able and adapted to the class of
land that has heretofore been al
lowed to lie idle for tho lack of
knowledge or incentive to im
prove. It should be located where
it would do most good where it
would servo the largest territory.
Where climatic conditions and
elevation may cover tho widest
territory and bring under culti
vation the largest area.
The great unused territory of
Southeastern central Oregon of
fers such an opportunity at this
time and should havo first con
sideration for the reason that
thero such experiments are need
ed and thero climatic conditions
aro such as would make a dem
onstration farm of greater bene
fit to the entire state. In fact,
before a location of such a station
is determined upon those who
havo it in charge owe it to tho
state to investigate conditions
in all portions as it would certain
ly show a lack of appreciation of
the inpact of tho law to make a
selection beforo looking over the
entire semi-arid section of tho
Tho Times-Herald will not bo
so small as to insist that its own
territory is the only ono that
would meet the requirements,
but it docs contend that somo
location in this big inland empire
is tho place for such experiments
and until it has received ntten
tion along this line this paper will
assert most positively that those)
who nro responsible or have tho
power of designating tho location
of tho experiment farm have not
dono their duty to tho state and
havo not tho real purposo of tho
project at heart.
Tho communicat''- . of "An
Old Timer" in this issue is strict
ly to tho point. It ia impossiblo
to make anything more of this
great interior until wo got trans
portation. A market for our
products is absolutely essential
to tho growth and development
of Soutlu lorn Central Oregon.
A railroad up tho Des Chutes, as
suggested by Mr. Harriman,
docs not in any wise "tap Cen
tral Oregon." A casual glance
at the map of tho stato and a
knowledgo of its topography will
convince any ono of this fact.
Oregon seems proud of its Hood
River and Rogue River Vallies,
yet hero is Harney Valley, so lit
tle known and so remote from
any possible market, where both
tho former could bo set down in
and never bo noticed the space
they would occupy would be
merely a speck as compared to the
magnitude of the vast interior
that is being held back for the
lack of transportation.
The people of Oregon do not
know their own stale. If this
territory was once known and its
possibilities realized by Oieggni
ans themselves, they could then
really take a hand in helping
to "tho greater Oregon." Com
pare in actual area that poition
of Oregon that has the advantage
of a market with that portion
east of the Cascade Mountains
completely bottled up; also con
sider that this is not a desert
waste as was popularly supposed
a few years ago, then one may
t. ...:.. j . ..!.., "ii. ,...., i
or Oregon" would mean if ti.issiJcr l'int ' '"cr is exactly-
poition could be brought into act
ual uso and peopled. Wo have
the soil, we have the climate, wo
have the eneigy, yet wo must
continue idle and of little benefit
to tho state or humanity until we
get railroad communication with
the outside.
Thousands are crying for land
for homes. This is ono of the
very few sections in the entire
United States where thero still
remains public land -we have
lots of it, and good, too- but
what inducement is there for peo
ple to endure hardships of front
ier life when all they can prodtico
at a profit is what they can use
themselves? A railroad across
central Oregon is absolutely nec
essary to tho development of the
biggest portion of this stnte.
With a light covering of snow
to protect the winter grain before
winter weather again visits us,
and with the big lot of moisture
now in the hoil, Harney county
crops will be record breakers this
season. The precipitation so far
this year has exceeded former
years and if itcontinues as it has
started Harney county will cer
tainly do herself proud the com
ing season. It is well that such
is tho case, as it seems that some
thing extraordinary must be done
to attract any attention from
sources mat wo ueserve, especi
ally as to railroad building. They
say "show us tonnage. " Wo can
show them territory and what
the soil can bo made to produce,
but wo must have a market be
fore tho actual production of ton
nage can bo profitable.
Jobprintlnjr-ThoTimca-HoraldlFOR SALE BY II. M. HORTON.
And tho nmn tliat will givo you Hip bowl values for your
Alonoy. Call al
And rpo what-you nnvo on tho ihinfTH onmnoratod belew:
Pianos, Sewing Machines, Building Paper,
Wall Paper, Window Shadew, Carpet, rugs,
Linoleum. Matting, Art Squares, Blankets,
Quilts, Mattresses, Springs, Roofing, Mir
rors, Music Cabinets, Pictures, Trunks and
Valiccs, Baby Carriages, Couches, Couch
Covers, Upholstered Goods, Table Covers,
Porliers, Chamber Sets, Etc., Etc.
At The Welcone Pharmacy
You can find the best selected and largos d as
sortment of every thing to bo found in an up-to-dato
drug store.
is our speciality and wo havo tho best equipped
laboratory in the interior. IfWo uso only tho
best and purest of drugs and chemicals, and
our prices aro right. Yours for business
The Welcome Pharmacy, Burns, Oregon,
A very nico nnd approciativo
crovd heard "Old Man" Ben
nett talk about Rabbitvillo and
other interesting things at tho
Club hall last night. Unfortun
ately tho regular janitor was call
ed out of town and tho hall was
not as warm and comfortablo for
tho peoplo as it might havo been.
Tho electric lights being off was
another misfortune However,
tho "Old Man" soon had his
audienco warmed up and ho waB
followed throughout with mark'
ed interest and evident npprcia-
"Livo to Smile nnd Smilo to
Livo" covers tho lecturo and tho
"Old Man's" moto is a good ono
to follow. Some of his readings
were indeed fino nnd his refer
ences to life in Rabbitvillo and
its peoplo wero quito amusing,
Mr. Bennett docs not pretend to
teach his hearers anything, yet
ho has some of tho best things to
enliven people and appeal to their
sunny sido that wo havo heard,
Mr Bennett is ngood entertainer,
Thero aro 3G school districts in
Harney county, nndBomoof them
nro not overly largo. But thero
aro ten that are quito sizeable.
One of these contains GO town
ships or 21G0 square miles. Re
duced to acres this amounts to
1,151,510 acres.
Another district is rather oddly
shaped, being 82 miles long by
22 miles wide. In length it would
roach from tho fair grounds at
Poitland to The Dalles. If the
latter district had its school in
tho center a pupil living at an ex
tteme end would only havo a tri
fling trip of 11 miles each way,
or 82 miles each day to tracl!
A good idea of the size of those
districts can bo had when wocon-
acre for acre twice tho size of
the stato of Rhode Island, nnd
considerably larger than the
stale of Delaware.
it the lormer district was
populated as densely as Rhode Is
land it would havo over 750,000
inhabitants. In other words you
could place the all of the people
at present in Oregon in that one
school district, nnd they would
have considerably more elbow
room than tho peoplo of Rhode
Island have,
Having disposed of my livery
and feed stablo to Henderson
Elliott, all accounts due mo should
bo settled at once.
Simon Lkwib.
Woods Liver Medccine in li
quid form legulatcs the liver re
lieves sick headache constipation,
stomach, kidney disorders and
act a gentle laxative. For chills
fever and malaria. Its tonic ef
fects on tho system felt with tho
first dose. The $1.00 bottle con
tains 2J times as much ns tho
50c size. Sold by The Welcome
Pharmacy Burns, Ore., Fred
Haines. Harney, Ore.
Jtorics liy Klht
Parker Duller and Limluy Deniton,
cacli raring to tec which will Lump
)our funny bone harden.
One iragedy that will grip your
Anil article liy Russell, Paine ami
Dickson that cut deep into things,
Remember tho Inland Empire
Realty Co. furnish competent
help free. If you need help call
and sco us.
If you caro for stylo and lot of
people do, it can bo hnd in nny
Vehicle on our floor. Wo nro
proparcd for tho fall trade. Our
stock is at its best. Wo show a
remarkable assortment of Vehic
les, including Carriagoq, Road
wagons, and Buggies, for this
season of tho yenr.
Our house is a regular Savings
Bank for those who wislCto buy.
Call in nnd make us provo it.
Harney Co. Imp. nnd Hdwe. Co.
Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes
Fresh Grocer ies,f,etcr"
For Fall and Winter Trade
7Vwvvv - w' -
A iu u T. II, (lienui:
Be a Booster Keep Things Moving
We enn match you with all kinds of trades. Drop in and
let us know what you have to trade or sell. Wo will do
your surveying or sell you fruit trees, shiuhcry or seeds
to make tho homo more beautiful ahd profitable.
If you have any wants como to us. Wu have the floods
and can deliver litem.
Inland Empire Really Co.
liuriiH, Orcpon
The Up -to -Date Pharmacy
The place where dnifH ate cheapen!, put est and bent
CourtcHji and Accuracy our Motto
j Headquarters for
Evrp liiiifi pott want in the drtty or nchool
I'm If we hav n't it on hand w '11 lm ylad
to flt it for pott.
H. M. HORTON, Propt.
DIBBLE & STEPHENS, Proprietors.
Club Rooms in Connection
Courteous and Obliffiiitf Bar Tenders
Centrally Located and Connected with Hold Hunts
ocrvsr boys;
I wish to explain in a few lines in this miner how vou mav al
ways be well dressed, shoes, hats, etc Come in and talk the mat
ter over with me you can leavo your suit at my place us lunu .is
you want to. Leave your overalls here when you want your dii"-.-suit,
ko to the daneo and havo a jjood time. When tho paity is ov
er como in and change again and your suit may remain heie until
you want it again.
Sav. for instance, vnti rid n
Drewsey. Vale. Lawcn. Diamond.
would he going on there. All you need to do is send a postal or
telephone if necessary and your clothes leave Hums by the noxt
stage.! After your good timo return it to me in the same manner.
I will attend to any further lookout for it. Hoys, I will do this all
free of charge and I can give you suits and overcoats from $17 and
up. Trousers $T and up. Come in and let's talk about it. I have
six of tho hoys already. No responsibility in ease of fire.
A. SCHENK, Merchant Tailor.
mrmr ITOi plow
Tho Statf is mio of tho latest and best additions to tho famous
Doore Lino of Riding Plows. Is light in woiRht, simple
nnd durable in construction full of genuine merit,- and baa
shown its mettle and utility in every test it 1ms been put to.
It "has amply demonstrated by its good work its right to bo
classed as a strictly up-to-date, high-class farm tool. It ia
ccrtnin to suit the most critical farmer and bo a monoy
tnnkor and a labor-saver for him.
"If It's a Deere-It9s Right"
and does its work perfect easo to tho operator nndtenm
It is manufactured and sold as a tongueloss plow a tongue
not being necessary to best results, but ono is supplied at
slight cost to thoso who perfer it that way. The Stan" is the
simplest riding plow built, nnyono who can hook up a team
and drivo 'em straight can oporato it successfully: It pos
sesses many superior features not found on other plows,
and it takes a wholo book to illustrate and discribo them.
Hotter write for it today and all tho information you want
about this suporior implement.
Tho Times-Herald has received
somo now atnlionory stock in
cluding score oards, program
pencilB, otc, for ila many patrons.
I will hold rogularauction sales
on tho first and third Saturdays
of each month at the C. A. Swcok
barn in Burns. Bring in any
thing you havo for salo and get
your money for it. Special at
tention given to sales in tho
W. T. Smith,
Job prlnlliiK Tho TimoH-Ifornlil
,'v' -
W. T I km mi
School Applies
rs .",
liorso nffor onwn elnsp In Tlarnov.
Narrows, etc.. and somethinur
Binders' Supplies
Full Line of
ER &
irns IV! eat Market
New SIsop'Opposite tlie first National Bank Main St.
Your patronage solicited.
Tlie Most Popular House in Interior Oregon
Headquarters for Traveling Men and Tourists
Mrs.ELLA MARTIN, Propt., Burns, Oregon
Special attention giveji
. .,
"' v?fv-
y. MS.
Special Attention Given
to Conducting Funerals
..3 &
njr"rt.- . -rf'H.
ough and Dressed Lumber,
Rustic, Flooring, Moulding,
Finishing Lumber,
Nearest Sawmill to Burns. Good &oacl.
Lumber Yard in Burns.
K. J. McKINNON, Propt.
The old favorite Fnmily Hotel where guests receive
Special Attention nnd d od Service.
Feed Barn in Connection
SOUTH BURNS,;OREQON--Near Tair (Jrounds.
Joh Printing
Pork, Vidian,
Bologna and
Liver Sausages
Heel in any
H. J HANSEN, Propt
to transcTcnt custom and
freight teams.
Jl oi m.s kept by the day,
week or month. '
....w. ..,,, .iimii mnnuuij.
Hay and grain always
on hand.
Your pntronngu sohencil
South Mini St, IliirnK, Oregon.
w-. Z? SZ ii r-mtum
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