The Bend bulletin. (Bend, Or.) 1903-1931, November 20, 1919, WEEKLY EDITION, Page PAGE 8, Image 8

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High Costs of Poultry Production May Be Markctcdly
Reduced by the Judicious Use of Garbage in
Feeding Laying Hens.
Fresh garbage, ted as soon ns pos
nlblo after It In dlacnrdod from tlio
cnblen ot cousumors, provides ta
efficient feed tor poultry, tlsod Jud
iciously It wilt reduce the cost ot egg,
nnd meat production from 25 to 30
per cent.
Clcanllno.'vs and sanitation in tho
preparation, handling, nnd feeding
of grabngo nro essential, ns sour or
tainted gnrbngo Is particularly ob
noxious to chickens, because any
fermentation Indures digestive dis
orders ami profuse diarrhea. Ap
parently tho Intrinsic value ot .gar
bage ns n poultry feed come9 from
the fact that It provides a diversified
ration which satisfies nil tho needs
nnd requirements ot the flock. It Is
n blg-scalo replica of tho small-feeding
operations ot tho ' back-yard
poultry raiser who maintains hts
birds chiefly on table scraps nnd left
overs from tho family bonrd. Al
though the character ot fact that
more succulent vegetables and fruits
nre used durlug tho summer, tho re
fuse is always ti valuable subatltuto
for costly grains and concentrates In
The hen dietary.
Select Garbage Carefully.
Some- poultrymen have experi
enced unsatisfactory results in the
use or gnrbago because they did not! watch for the gnrbago wagon. The
practice careful selection. It, can I gobblers relish the tablo scraps keen
not bo expected that tho hens will J ly nnd desert tender grasshoppers
Thrive ou teed which is contaminated
with broke glass, scraps of tin,
phonograph needles, and the llko.
and It Is only tho owner who will;
pick over tho garbage and eliminate i
Tho objectionable foreign matter Hint.
will realize profltnblo nnd depend-!
able results from its use. The best
ntnM ttf ft, t Is. iAt Ka tint.anwlff.
JIIUIA Id K ,J J W.V ,.wm- .... .
to keep sucu undesirable material
from going Into the garbage. Spe
cialists ot the United States Depart-i
ment ot Agriculture recommended I
running tho garbage through a meat'
or vegetable chopper and mixing It.
with a Ilttlo moist mash before it is'
placed before the fowls. The amount j
-which is fed will entirely depend on
the size ot the dock, It being usually
advisable to provide as much refuse
In the course ot an hour. Any feed
which the fowls reject should be ro
pens, or yards as soon as posslblo
thereafter. Otherwiso lt( sours and
contimlnates the premises and, sud
sequent ly, if the fowls peck at It dur
ing a period when they are hungry,
It invariably causes digestive trou
Whero garbage Is fed. it Is always
essential to supply a light ration of
grain twice daily as well as to Have
a dry mash avullable In hoppers be
lore the flock all the timo Gener
ally, table scraps are rich In protein,
although where the garbage is de
ficient In this Ingredlont It is prac
tical to sunpplcment tho mash with
about 5 per cent of meat meal.
'Cold Weather KucllUflati' Feeding.
Generally speaking, there is less
danger, from feeding gnrbago In the
-winter thun during the summer as
the cold weather prevents rapid de
composition and torment
ntlon ot the refuse. Often'
the suburban flock owner may sec
ure the garbage of neighboring fam
ilies who do not keep chickens. This
source of feed may be so plentiful
that ho can expand his poultry keep
ing operations and afford to pay a
small amount for the tublo refuse.
Where many uncooked potatoes are
present In tho garbage, it Is usually
t n good plan to separate them and to
cook them before feeding to tho
fowls. Otherwise they are not well
utilized nnd often induce digestive
Experiments in feeding garbage
ut the Government experimental
farm nt Reltsvllla, Md iudlcuto that
30 hens will uso about 3 quarts ot
garbage dally to advantage. In ad
dition, keep n dry mash consisting
of 3 parts by weight of corn meal, 1
-part of bran, 1 part of middlings, 5
per cent of meat scraps before tho
lions all of tho time. The experi
ments proved conclusively that
where fresh garbage Is properly fed
n bountiful egg yield results, while
economical and rapid meat produc
tion is also engendered by tho Jud
icious use of gurbago in the ration.
Ordinarily it Is advisable where gar
bage is plentiful to mix enough sup
plementary mash with the gnrbago
to give the mixture a good, consist
ency, In case tho tublo scraps con
tain much fruit and vegetuble peel
ings it is essential to add more mush,
whllo if tho garbage is mndo up
chiefly of potato pelllitKS, bread,
meat, nnd tho like, Icks mush la
should bo exorcised to free tho gar
bage from soapy wntor or excess
liquid, this being commonly nc
compllshcd by dipping off nnd teed
Ing tho top of garbage and allowing
the excess liquid to remain In tho
Feeds Gnrbago Freely.
One Southern poultrymnn who
handles about 1,000 fowls reports
excellent results from the use of well
selected garbage which he obtains
from n large charitable Instltuntlou.
He hauls the garbage twice n dny.
nnd feeds It to tho birds nbout 10
o'clock In the morning, nnd ngnln
during tho middle of the afternoon,
so that the table scraps nre ted fresh,
only two or three hours nfter they
nre discharged from the kitchen.
This poultrymnn feeds tho gnrbago
on the grass of the range, In such
quantity that tho fowls clean up nil
the refuse. The successful results
obtained y this chicken fancier nre
due largely to the welt-selected nnd
thoroukhlyb fresh garbage which is
fed. Ho reports excellent results not
only from the feeding of garbage to
fattening cockerels nnd old hens, but
also to its uso for laying hens and
pullets. Even a small number of
turkeys which nro mnlntnluc'd on this
fnrm are always attentively on the
nnd nutritious chestnuts as readily
as tho chickens scamper from suc
culent alfalfa and well-lillcd hoppers
of mash when tho garbage Is spread
out on the ground.
- .
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS XOIV" V .,,,.. ..... ...
. leases of this kind that tho bull as-
911,500 Ul'ILIHXG
UEDMON'D. Jov. 1G. Compara
tively In its Infancy na local fra
tornal order the Redmond lodge No.
110 Knights of Pythias havo built a
homo thnt they can well bo proud of.
Last night the members of the order
celebrated the opening of their new
111,500 building nnd lodge room,
" u I"""IC onnco nnB "er-
a two siury uricK uuiiuing .
two story uricK untitling 70 uy
120 feet, tho lower floor designed
for n parage nnd the upper floor part
itioned into a reception hall, dining
room and kitchen to be used by the
lodge for their future home, has Just
reached completion. The building is
located ou the cornor of Sixth street
nnd C avenue, nnd is ono of tho fore
most architectural structures in the
Tho Knights of Pythias order,
though only organized u few years
In Iledmoud, has grown to he the
lurgeht and strongest order, both in
brotherhood nnd financially In the
city. At tho present timo n drive
is well under way that h anticipated
by the order to Increase its member
ship to u strength of 250 members.
It is tho hope of tho Redmond
ordor that durjng Uio winter it will
he possible to co-operate with the
Hand order In a social way and to
enjoy many a soclul function to
gether. (
C. A. Daniels, proprietor of the
Electric Shoe Shop ou Wall street,
purchased r bankrupt stock of shoes
from a store In tlfe Willamette val
ley, Tito shoes arrived ' in Bend
Thursday, two hundred pairs. Fri
day ho put them on sale In his shop,
nnd advertised in Tho Ilulletlu. In
three hours from tho time the shoes
wore put on the counter for display
the entire stock was sold. This is
perhaps ono of the most remarkable
merchandising, records ever known
In Ilend,
This Woman Found Hellef.
Men and women suffering from
kidney nnd bladder trouble will bo
glnd to read how one woman found
rellof. Mrs. Gu Hydo, Home3toad,
Mich., writes: ""I had that terrible
backache and tired out fooling,
scarcely able to do ray work, Foley
iviuney mis mane me reel line a
person." Sold everywhere.
Bend Legion Post Approves
Measures for Law and Order
Percy A. .Stevens Post, American Legion, through It board of
directors, today endorsed tho net Inn of the legion member of Ocn
tralla following tho killing of tour -.soldlers by I. W. W.'s, and
made public the following resolutions:
"To tho (irnnt Hodge Cost of tho American Legion oMYutnilln,
'Washington, the Percy A. Stevens Post No, I, of the American
Legion of Mend, Oregon mmhIs Its heartfelt sympathies for the
recent tragedy perpetrated by the I. V. W. resulting in the death
of four tuembcrN of your post.
'Tho Percy A. Stevens Post commend your post upon ynnr ac
tion to litl your community of tho tmdenlrnblc el mn en t, whose trait
orous nets of last Tuesday havo Ncnrrely n parallel in the history of
tho country. This post bullet rt that your conduct hns been fully
Jiisticd. Your member nit1 martyr to u better standard of Ameri
can cltUenshlp foe which the American Legion stands, and lo obtain
It, every means counlMent with good rltlxenshlp must Im employisl
to rid the nation of the element whoso principle aim Is lo destroy
the Institutions of American government.
"The Percy A. Stevens Post of the American Legion may be
counted upon to lend it force for tho maintenance of law and order.
Every Dairyman in Community May Have Use of Bulls
That Are Twice as Valuable as Most Valuable
'One He Would Be Able to Own Individually.
Hull associations tire hero to stay..
Figures furnished by the United
Stntes Department of Agriculture j
show thnt there were 78 cooporntlvo
bull associations In operation In this
country on July 1. ID 19, which rep
resents u gain of 34 associations ac
tive on July 1, 1D1S.
Hull associations havo proved es-l
peclally populnr In sections whero
dairying Is n comparatively now ln -
dustry. Many dairymen havo been
anxious to Increase the productivity
of their cows, but duo to tho fact
thnt their hords were small and their
resources limited. was often Im
possible for them to buy and muln-
tuln sufficiently good purebred bulls
l, nrpiminI,,i. thL tu,rnaa. u u in
Uoclntlon has proved most valuable.
says tho Department. I)y organi
zing tho dairymen Into nu associa
tion nnd working cooperatively tho
purchnse of proved bulls of high pro
ducing ancestry is mndo possible.
Hy using these animals cooperative
ly a few' good bulls can tako the place
of ull the Inferior hulls formerly
found In the community.
Itettcr Hulls Smaller Investment.
An example of what tho hull as
sociation can do in improving tho
type of sires Is found in tho South
Gibson Hull association of Susque-.
linnna County, Pn. This association
has 20 members who own n total of
382 cows. Jlcfore tho bull associa
tion was formed there wore 13 bulls
in tho community witli n totnl vnlu
ntlon ot f,300. After organizing
only four bulls wore needed nnd
these were purchused at n total cost
of $4,800. The average Investment
In enclf of the 13 bulls In use before
organizing was $G61.54. but utter
the association was formed the aver
age investment was $1,200 for each
of tho good bulls. In this way ouch
dairyman had tho use of bulls that
were twice as vulunblo ns tho bulls
used formerly, nnd nt the name time
his Investment wns $125 less.
Tho Southern Stutes huvo been
found especially woll mluptcd to bull
association work. Dairying in thoso
States Is making rapid str des, mid
producers have shown great Inter
est in improved dairy cattle. Twenty
of the associations organized during
the past year are credited to the
South, six association having been
formed in Mississippi, four (u North
Carolina, three In South Carolina,
two each in Alabama, Georgia, and
Tennessee, and ono in Louisiana.
Tho size of tho flock which can be
most eflicleutly kept will dopond first
of nil upon the space available and
secondly, upon the amount of tublo
scraps or other waste which Is avail
able for feed. It Is n mistake to try
to overstock tho available space,
liettor results will bo obtained from
a few hens In u small yard thun from
a larger numbor. Tho backyard
poultry flock rarely will consist of
over 20 or 25 hens, nnd In many
cases ot not more than 8Nor 10, or
occasionally of only 3 or 4. For a
flock of 25 to 30 foot should ho avail
able for a yurd. Whore less space
Is nvnllublo, the size of tho flock
should bo reduced, allowing ou tho
average 20 to 30 square foot per
bird, A'. tow hens are sometimes
kept sy:cpssfully 'with a smuller
yard allowanco than this, but If, tho
Indicated should no used.
poi't.Tiiv nii.ii or fare.
A good mixture for laying hens is
I parts each ot cracked corn nnd
oats and 1 part barley or wheat, If
available, which should bo scattered
In tho litter. Provide 4 or 5 Inches
of KOod' cll'un lMV-
A dry mush composed of enunl
parts of corn meal, bran, middlings,
ground oats, nnd beef scrap should
ho kept in hoppers to which tho fowls
havo ucccss nt all times.
Plenty of cxurclso Increases tho
egg yield.
The prime essentials for n small
poultry house- are fresh ulr, dryness,
sunlight, and spnen enough to keep
the birds comfortable Tho fowls
should also huvo us much outside
space us possible to run In.
Lot tho pullets become accustom
ed to opon-front, fresh-air houses
early In the fall. Such practice
means healthier birds nnd mure eggs
when cold weather arrives.
Very few poultry raisers prnctlco
a systematic plan ot disposing of
tholr fowls after they havo ceased
to bo productive. Don't waste food
on nonproductive huns.
Fowls of tho henvler breeds cooso
to rodpuce a profltnblo number of
eggs at the cud of their second lay
ing year. This holds with the lighter
breeds ut the end ot tholr third lay
ing' year. '
Provide n box partly fllled with
road dust or wood ashes, so as to
give the hens nn opportunity to tako
u dust bath. It gives them needed
exercise nnd keeps them free from
llco and mites.
Bull Charges
, Tail Light
It bus nlwnys bueu known
that u hull has nu antipathy
tor a red Hug, but it has never
been known that he also is Ir-
rltutod nt tho sight of a red nu-
tomobllo tail light until last
week when William L. Pyutt,
of Redmond was returning to
IiIh ranch near Itudinond nfter
doing somo shopping.
It developed before the grnnd
Jury this week In uu action
brought by W. M. Drown, n well 1
known rout estate mini of Itcd- -J-
mom! that Pyutt killed one of
Ilrown's bulls, yrhn fuels
brought out wore that Hiowh'h
bull charged tlio lull light ot
Pyntt's car and followed him
for some dlstunco until Pyutt
nrrlved ut his liomo. Porslst-
out in his efforts to got the oh-
, noxious rod light tho Jersey
bull followod tho car into tho
barn yard. Pyntt wont Into
his houso and hoard tho bull
v ouiHKiu my jiousu pawing nngr-
Uy. Pyntt obtained his rlllo
nnd wont out doors wnoro ho
found tho bull reudy to clinrgo,
v nun. ryntt snot and killed tho
bull. Drown brought action
ugnliiHt Pyntt, but tho grand
Jury, brought no truo bill
ngnlnst thu Iledmoud rancher,
What's Doing in
the Country.
liodmomt. Oregon. Nov. 18.1010.
The Knights of Pythlns gave n
dance In their new hull last Friday
night, and supper was served by Hie
Pythlnu Sisters, Quite n largo crowd
was In ntteuduuee, and ull voted it
n good time. The funds obtained
from this dnnco will be used to help
pay for thu repair done on thu hull
this fall.
Tho Juniper Literary Circle met at
the home of Mrs, Mux Cunning lust
Wednesdny. The hostesn gave n very
Interesting and entertaining talk on
her subject of "Modern llussluit
Composers," A delightful prelimin
ary was also given by Mrs. Edna
Wells. A delicious luncheon was
served by thu hostess, assisted by
Mrs. J. It Koherts,
Redmond's hist luter-schnlaslle
foot ball gumu wns played last Sat
urdny when our team mnt Prluo
vllle on the local Held. Our team
playud a very good game
nnd It Is thought that If thu
seiisoit were not over wo could well
mnfto either Ilend or Prliievllle InoW
nfter their laurels. The gnmo wns n
vory hard fought one. but ended with
the seure of 17 lo 0 in luvor ot tho
visiting team.
Mr and Mrs. J. lluxlou Price re
turned from their trip to California
hist week and have been spending
several ilnyn iwtli MrM. Price's par
ents, Mr. mid Mrs. P. S. Campbell.
MM Joyce Robblns returned to
Portland Friday night utter u two
week's visit with her parents Mr. anil
Mnt. l'oto Robblns. Sunday she and
Mr. Clinton Wilson of Portland were
united in marriage. The bride's
tunny friends In this section wIhIi her
every happiness in her new life.
We have been Informed thnt Mr.
nnd Mrs. Claude Kelly of Ilentl limit
recently purchased the Victory
Thentro and moving picture show
from Mr. W. W. Vun Mutie. ami will
soon take possession.
Sum Rates returned to Portland
last Wednesday, nfter spending some
two months at tho home of his pur
outs, convalescing from nn operation.
Tryouts for both the high school
hoys' and the girls' (llco Club hnvo
been conducted the early part of this
week. lUta expected that both Glee
Clubs will render some excellent
music In thu future
PIN'KItl'ltHT. Nov. 10 A re
ception was given nt the Turn-
ulo Hull Satiirdny In Honor ot .Mrs.
Charlie Howell, who will leave Tues
day morning.
F. V. Swisher nnd Robert Smith
wore in Ilend Wednesday.
O. W Snyder nnu Lester were nu
Incss callers In Ilend Wednesday
Mrs J llollmnn and children and
c a package
c a package
c a package
LnrnUun nt I'ool of Oregon Sired ,
With View of ItUcr nnd Motui.
tnins Kelrrted Tolal Iif
vestment $.VMH0.
Within a year from the tlmu of
organization tlio llond longu of Elks,
tho hnby lodge of the order, will
hn? n homo second to none In Elk
duin, If present plans luutuin.
Tiny location of thu proposed Elk
temple will he ut thu foot or Oregon
street on tho property now owned
by Ross Farnhiiin niitl Mrs. (leorgo
A. Jones. Options hiivu been taken
ou the Farnhum Mile nnd on 25 feet
ot tho Janes ptoperty. As soon tm
title complications huvo been cleared
up It Is uxportrd Unit ll'" transfer
will bo rumpluled for the tolal pur
chase price of $8,000.
Plans have not yet boon prepared
for the building but the present Idea
In to construct u temple (hut, with
thu site and furnishings, will rep
resent a total Investment 'of $50,000,
At the same timo it Is expected that
tho movement for thu construction
of tho Elks reiort ou thu MuIoIIuh
river win proceed.
The location selected and on which
options have been taken is one ot
the mot beautiful In thn city com
manding u view up the river nnd
toward the snow capped moiintaliiH
In the went.
Mrs. C. M. Phelps and daughter, call
ed ou Mrs. F. V. Swisher Sunday.
E. E. Phelps went to lleud ou bind
ueis Wednesday.
Mrs. Garner is visiting with Mrs.
1). L. Lndd, who lles near Redmond.
There Is to be n community dinner
nt the Rlitehurst schoolhoiisu
Thunksglvlng day. and everyone In
thu community Is Invited to come.
C. II. Spaiigh mid A. E. Winner
wore business callers ut Jess darter's
Mrs. C. M. Phelps nnd daughter
Hnzelln mid Mrs. G. W. Snyder ami
daughter Leiiora. were In Rend Sat
urday. The toot of the threshing machine
Is waking the people of thu vicinity
this week.
Resale mid Leiinrn Snyder called
on Mr. Gerklng Tuesday.
Roy Edwin, mid Leo Mlckels were
callers at tho Spnugh home Friday
Sell oiir poultry through llulletln
classified uds.
before the war
during the war
Special precautious
Pur. It
la The, UulJetln.'
spaco Is uvallublu n yard of the size
V V . ',' ' A A