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About The Bend bulletin. (Bend, Or.) 1903-1931 | View Entire Issue (April 24, 1919)
REND HULIiETIN, REND, OREGON, THURSDAY, Attlll. XI, 1010
The lend Bulletin
THE mCNl) HULLKTIN
' Established 1002.
ROBERT W. 8AWYER
An Independent newspaper stand
ing for tho square deal, clean busi
ness,, clean politics' and tho best lu
toresta of Uond and Control Oregon.
Ono Year. $3.00
Six Months... 1.00
Three Months... GO
THURSDAY. APRIL 24, 1919.
ARK VE TOOR PATRIOTS!
( , jlurl'fii entertainment of tho cattle
' men of1 the. state, Bend Is living up
to its Widi-sprond reputation o( hos
pitnlity. In nddltlon, our visitors
arc receiving n favorable impression
"of tho town and of its spirit of op
timism, or progress and Initiative.
What do they think of our patriot
Wo are now in tho third day of
our Victory loan campaign and wo
havo not yet finished our Job. Wo
have still to subscribe some $20,000
to meet our city quota, and even
with that in, tho county will b'o short.
On tho third loan subscribers flocked
to tho banks and to tho campaign
commlttco to take their bonds. Few
wero solicited. Tho county quota
was doubled. Sovonty-flvo thousand
dollars moro was taken a year ago
than wo are asked to tako in all now.
What is tho mattqr?
Many of our visitors aro from
counties that went over tho top days
ago. Aro they to go homo and re
port that Deschutes county is the
home of a lot of people who aro glad
handers but poor patrlotls?
Bend ,has moro than ono kind of
reputation to sustain. Havo you
dono your part, not only to sustain
that, but to meet your duties as an
IS AIM OV RESOLUTIONS
SUBMITTED TO STOCKMEN
(Continued from Pago 1.)
all tho avallablo cars in the city be
ing requisitioned for tho purposo of
taking wives and daughters of tho
stockmen on a tour of Bend, Includ
ing a visit to tho big plno mills.
Bright Future Seen.
Painting a rosy picture of the fu
ture which awaits Central and East
ern Oregon it the 1,000,000 acres
included In the survey of Irrigable
lands can bo brought under water,
Congressman N. J. Stnnott spoke here
this morning before the members of
the Oregon Cattlo and. Horso Raisers'
association. Mr. Slnnott predicted a
population of three million for that
part of tho state east of tho Cascades,
whenever this reclamation of arid
lands is effected.
Sketching the history of he r. im
propriation bill killed by tho fili
buster in tho last Congress, the
speaker declared that he would con
tinue tho fight for a new reclama
tion measure when the next Congress
Is held. This will bo based on the
Idea of furnishlng.farniB for returned
soldiers and sailors, he declared. Ho
admitted, "however, that tho fight to
secure adequato funds will bo a
hard one. ,
Upton'H Work IYnlscd.-
In introducing his subject of
"Publlo Lands' Mr. Slnnott called
tho attention of his hearers to the
fact that tho first recorded Instance
of range difficulties was between two
cattlemen, Lot and Abraham. "The
desire for land has been ono of tho
greatest actors In making world
history," ho asserted, provlhs his
'statement by referring to tho wars of
early days and of modern times
which have been tho result of this
desire. "If tho Germans had pos
sessed undeveloped country so rich
and cxtenslvo as Is Oregon, tho great
world conflict which has Just been
fought would never have been," he
While mentioning the subject of
irrigation, 'Mr. Slnnott paid a special
compliment to Jay H. Upton of Prlne
villo, who, he said, was the first man
to agitate publicly tho opening up
of farm lands for men discharged
from tho U, S. service.
Immediately after Mr. Slnnott was
introduced Jo tho audlenco by Presi
dent Wjlllam Pollman, tho audience
stood for a moment in response to a
motion 'from William Hanley, who
asked (hat, this action bo taken in
honoring, tho Oregon congressman.
Necessity for conservation of( live
stock through elimination, or at
least checking, of disease was devel
oped by J6r, W. H. Lytlo, state vetor
inafluu, (he first speaker on tho
morning's program. Dr. Lytlo stat
ed that- the season Just opening
sfaouldbp ono in which unusually
large returns should bo realized from
the horse uud cattle Industry.
The Pacific northwest states are
sjRguiyl,'lpa,.f1rom "heavea" (n
hgf-wf fWi$U)ercu,plf In oattle, but
lMM-vyilatwes in vthe arid section, have
MiMd4 by ''walking dl4asej"
ho declared. "Durjng tho summer,"
ho snld, "a, report was had from cor
tain French veterinarians who
brought forth tho theory that tho
bot was responsible for tho disease
known ns infectious nnnomln. Such
jraportn ns havo been inndo In Oregon
do not tond to link tho, latter malady
with tho 'walking disease' of Enstorn
Oregon, but ns tho dioonso varies so
much in different localities It was
though that possibly tho two nil
ments might bo differentiated types."
Tho carbon bisulphide treatment, ho
said, la tho most successful.
lllncklcg Chief Enemy.
Dr. Lytlo stated thnt glanders In
probably tho most common dtfienso
among range horses. For this dis
ease, which is highly Infectious, there
Is no euro. Tho speaker ndvlsed
purchasers of horses from districts
where glanders hns been found to
demand nn ophthalmic mnlloln test
Chief among rnngo disorders of
cnttlo, he mentioned blackleg, lumpy
Jaw, Infectious abortion, hemorrhagic
septicemia, and amoebic dysentery.
Blackleg, appearing twice yearly,
ho gavo first placo in causing losses
to cattlemen, stating that an" abund
ance of rich feed, with llttlo exer
cise, apparently favors tho develop
ment of the. disease. "Vaccination
is the ono effective wny to protect
against blackleg," ho said, "and
owners who neglect it nitty well be
looked on as slackers."
Rnngo Capacity Greater.
"Co-operation" was tho subject de
veloped by E. X, Knvanagh, assist
ant district forester from tho Port
land office, who told how tho uu-
tional forest rnngo, under the stim
ulus of war demand for beef, had
beon made to support 40 por cent,
moro cattlo than had previously
been allowed uso of tho rnngo. "This
is largely duo to co-oporation between
tho ranchers and the forest service,"
ho assorted, "and while we nfe Just
n llttlo worried as to whether or not
tho national rnngo can bo kept up
to this capacity, with proper assist
nnco from tho stockmen we may be
ablo to succeed In this endeavor."
Mr. Knvanagh gave as an example
of tho results of scientific range
management tho work dono on a
certain range on tho Mlnam forest
in Eastern Oregon, whero a 60 per
cent. Increase In tho number of
cattlo which could bo grazed was ef
fected. Reef Nation's Bulwark.
That tho livestock raisers of tho
United States hold within their grasp
the solution for tho'polltlcal and In
dustrial probloms of tho world was
tho statement of F. R. Hedrlck, of
thp Kansas City stockyards, in his
address this morning on "Tho Future
of the Livestock Industry." Mr. Hed
rlck asserted that Europe Is en
gulfed In chaos and anarchy because
Its pcoplo are hunger mad. "A hun
gry man Is a dangerous man, and
tho well fed Individual is generally
kindly," ho said. "Tho Hvest6ck In
dustry, with tho ability to produco
meat animals required to feed" our
population, is today tho 'greatest
bulwark of safety which wo havo
against anarchy and the chaos which
stares Europo In tho faco. Tho in
fluence of tho livestock industry will
be measured largely by our ability
to produco meat animals In propor
tion to iho Increase of our population
land tho Increased demand for meat
as an Item of food.
Workers Aro Mont Enter.
"The American worker has learned
In this war period a period in
which 'Increased wages enabled him
to buy moro meat than ho over con
sumed before that meat is the best
ration a fighting or a working man
can havo. For that reason, wo must
produco more meat, and consequently
moro meat animals than wo havo In
Turning to tho subject of live
stock legislation, Mr. Hedrlck point
ed out that tho industry is almost
without representation in America's
law making bodies. "Wo havo too
many lawyers, editors and politicians
in Congress, and not enough live
stock men," ho maintained. Better
transportation facilities would prove
an Important factor in eliminating
shrinkage and consequently Increas
ing efficiency of production, ho dem
onstrated. 'There is a great movement on
foot at this tlmo to stabilize market
conditions, and through them, pro
fits, by eliminating fluctuations and
to establish a five day market," the
speaker said. "Tills undertaking has
been initiated in sincerety and In
gonulno good faith on tho part of
tho packers and mid-western pro
ducers, and, If It works, the entire
livestock industry evorywhero will
Discussing the "Work of the
Amorlcan Livestock Association," T.
W. Tomllson, secretary pt that or
ganization, spoko in fayor 'of the
Kondrick hill, which bus ns Its ob
ject tho stimulation of production,
sale and distribution of livestock
and livestock products. From tho
topic of government control of the
packing Industry he turned to the
railroad -question, pointing tout that
fjie national association hoq already
gono on rocord nn favoring tho re
turn of tho railroads to their original
owners. Poor service which has boon
complained of, he snld, in undoubt
edly tho result of abnormally heavy
war transportation, hut ho favored
private management ns supplying tho
element ot Individual lultlnttvo now
Mr. Tomllson criticised tho advance
In grazing fees on tho national for
est, assorting that ho was against
commercialization at tho forest, thnt
former charges wore sufficient for
maintenance, nnd thnt tho boosting
ot government charges also means
tho advancing ot grazing: fees on pri
vately owned binds.
With nearly 400 delegates from till
parts of tho stnte, nnd visitors from
points throughout tho northwest nnd
middle western suites In attendance,
tho sixth nniiUnl pension ot tlib Ore
gon Cattlo ami Horso Ionisers' nssa
elation opened horu Tuesday morning.
A wfdesprcud movement for tho In
troductton ot better blood tit tho
hords ot Oregon brooders, with moro
up-to-date methods In tho cattlo In
dustry will bo tho kcynoto of tho
convention, It wns forecasted In tho
annual address ot President William
Pollman of Bakor, who declared thnt
by reason of tho G40-ncro homestead
net, tho open rnngo Is doomed nnd
that greater efficiency In tho stock
business will bo roqulrcd ns a con
sequence "Thero wns never, a tlmo In tho
history of Oregon when ronchora
needed a stock association more thnn
they do at tho present day," Mr. Poll
man said. "This Is for their own
good ns well ns for tho beat Interests
ot tho nation nnd tho entlro world
as well. In tho reconstruction per
iod thero must ho no slackers, nnd
wo must recognize that food produc
tion will bo ono of tho greatest fac-
ltors In solving tho probloms ot world
unrest which havo developed In the
last few mdnths."
Bond Support Asked.
Mr. Pollman concluded his address
with n plea for tho Victory loan, urg
ing nil stockmen In tho state to put
tho finishing touches to tho war by
buying Victory bonds to tho limit ot
Business ot tho convention was
formally tukon up following tho In
vocation by Fatbor Luko Shcehan,
and several vocal selections by tho
Bond Imperial Mule quartet.
Mayor Welcome Guests.
Mayor J. A. Eastcs, In his address
ot welcome to tho members' ot tho
stockmen's association, turned over
tho keys ot tho city to them, litirolly
as well as figuratively. A huge
wooden key, two feet In length, he
presented to Georgo Russell ot Pr'rro
villo, vlco president of tho associa
tion, appointing him acting mayor
ot Bond during the two days of tho
ponvcntlon, whllo a glittering star
12 inches In dlametor was pinned on
tho broad chest of James M Kyle of
Stanfleld, who waa named acting
Mr. Russell briefly acknowledged
tho honor, .nnd tho formal response
wns -given by Walter M. Plerco of
La Grande, Mr. Plerco commented
on tho phenomenal, but substantial,
growth of Bend, nnd In tho courso ot
his address declared that Jho world
now looks to Amorlca?for n solution
of Its problems. The stockmen, I
through food production, will play
no small pari In this, ho maintained,
"Tho last year has been an event
ful ono In tho cuttle Industry," he
continued, "for due to war demand
prices haVo increased and production
-lias been great l? stimulated. . What
the futuro holds In store for us would
bo difficult to say, but wo cannot
bollevo that it will bo In tho nature
of a retrograde movement."
As a commlttco on credentials,
William Hanley ot Burns, J. Billings
ly of Ontario and J. N. Small of Sil
ver Lake were appointed. ,
Financial Surplus Shown.
Before the close of the morning
session tho financial reports ot Sec
retary Corroll and Treasurer William
Duby wero submitted, showing ap
proximately 11,000 now on hand In
tho association's treasury. During
tho past year $304 was taken in from
tho salo ot estray's, and $10,010 ro
ccived from other sources.
As tho closing order of business,
President Polman appointed A. R.
Olseu of Crano, A. M. Smith of Lake
view, Raymond Culavan of I'rlnovHle,
J. T. Logan of Brdgan and J, E.
Reynolds ot La Grande as members
of tho auditing committee, whllo for
tho coramlttoo on resolutions Grant
Mays of Portland, J, E. Snow of Day
villo, I. M. Mills of Paulluu, Charles
Zbinden bt Fossil, R. Dunby of John
Day, Walter M. Pierce of La Oraudo
and L. D. Frakes of Warner LaJio
An excellent vocal solo by E. N.
Strong of tho Oregon Life brought
tho morning's session to a closo.
Camera Man Gets Delegates
Immediately utter udjournmont for
tho morning, tho association mem
bers gathered at tho corner" ot Bond
and Oregon, whero tho camera man
caught them, R. A. Ward of the
bull 'recently purchased .through (he
bank, and which Is being kept dur
ing tho convention In ti small corral
in front of tho building.
Poisoned Plant Weeded Out,
J, L. Peterson, grazing examiner
from tho district forester's office In
Portland, was tho first nponkur this
nftornoon, his address following nn
Instrumental duet by Dr. R, D.
ICetchum nnd Ashtoy Forrest, In
which Mrs. Forrest wns accompanist.
Peterson spoko on tho nubject ot
"Poisonous Plants," enumerating tho
varieties found on tho open rnngo
which nru tho tgrontost munnco to
livestock. Chief among thosu ho
montlonod tho lupine, larkspur, water
hemlock nnd death ciunns.
Mr. Peterson spoko of tho work
nowtbulni dono, by tho forest service.
In eradicating, these plants, declar
ing thnt often the cost of weeding
out n thickly grown nren is less than
tho annual loss to stockmen whoso,
cnttlo have oaten the deadly weeds.
Need for co-operation between
cnttlo raisers nnd tho dealers who
handle tho steers from the western
ranges wns emphasized by Oeorgu C.
McMullon ot tho Knnsns City stock
yards In his address on "The "Beef
Industry, Past, Present nnd Futuro."
Mr. McMullon traced tho history of
tho stock business from tho days of
tho vast opon ranges to thu present,
noting thu passing of tho loughorn
and tho Introduction ot blooded
"An tho rango la taken up, tho cost
ot production necessarily increases,
uud to discount this Increase better
stock must of necessity bo raised,"
ho declared. "In this connection, 1
wnnt to say that wo aro setting ns
fine a class ot cattle from Oregon at)
from nny section ot tho United States.
History of Industry Told.
"Tho evolution ot thu cow and her
son Is parnllol with the evolution "of
tho American people. No industry
is more progressive . than tho beef
Industry, nnd nono is based on
sounder principles ot honor. A (Sow
man's word was ns good as his bond
CO years ago, nnd tho same Is truo
today. Aii markets began to spring
up, nnd packing plants grew und
multiplied, American boot began to
Central Oregon is Picked '
as One of 4 Farm Units
After, attending thu organization
meeting of the Oregon land settle
ment commission In Saturn, whom n
decision wns reached in favor ot tho
establishment of farm nulls in four
sections of tho stnte, under thu pro
visions of thu law enacted by the,
1910 legislature, (I. 11. linker, local
member ot tho commission, returned
to Demi yesturdny,
Thu tour Hcctlomt or tho state wilt
bo in addition to thu demonstration
farm near Independence in tho Wit
tnmettu vnlloy already provided for,
fhlul tho gbnnrnl lcatloHS wlll lm
rfc,,,.,.! nr.v.n,.. I.Ztr,i 'nrTrXii I l.'n
const country nnd iijtipr tho 'Umt,
qua or tho Hoguu Kfverviiltoy. E.xnct
locutions will not bo determined
upon until further investigations aro
made, although tho Central Oregon
"far m will probably bo not fur from
Bond and thu Eastern Oregon farm
doubtless will bo in Umatilla county,
It was tho opinion of thn commission
thnt nn work can bo done In Klnmnth
or Lnko counties until more money
Under tho terms of legislation tho
commission has 150,000 to spend np.
proprlntod by tho land sottlomont
commission not, nnd If (lie recon
struction program set forth In the
Eddy bill Is adopted by tho people
lit tho Hpuolnt election on Juno ,1,
wilt havo G4G,000.
Building of thn model doinonntrn
lion farm ot 00 news two miles south"
of Independence will begin without
delay, authority having boon granted
ProfesHor II, II. Hoildder of Oregoif
Agricultural college, who has pre
pared blueprint plniin ot liullilliigH
nnd other features of tho farm, to
go ahead with tho deal, Tho Innd
wilt ho purchased utflQO ait acre.
Air, naner impress nipon tho
commission the necessity of gottlng
notion without delay oulsldo thn
Willamette valley nnd mailo u plea
for thu Irrigated part of tho sntofe
It Is probable that thn next move
wilt bo In Central Oregon, In the Irri
The commission Is now rendy
receive uppllcntlonH ttnd will pre
pare to place men on farms ns
rapidly ns pnsslblu, According to
understanding when tho land Mattle
moiit measure wan enacted, prefer
ence will bn given to returned sol
diers, snlhirs and innrluai,
telu part ot n balanced ration, Rtlll
bettor was tho showing from alfalfa
hay, sllngo and rolled barley. This
combination thu speaker declared to
bo ideal In produclug "baby bvof."
(Continued from Pago 1.)
malndor representing subscriptions
from outsldo tho city. Patriotism Is
not dead In Deschutes county, nnd
tho prediction Is mode that tho city
and county quota will bo reached
early next week.
The. Urooks'Scnnlon logging camps
went over thu top In quick order
when Sergeants E. C. Frost and
A. M. Fisher spoko for tho Victory
movo all over tho world, and tho no- j loan Thursday night. It had been us.
cesslty for mora rapidly mnturlng tlmnlcd that tho quota of tho Brooks
cattlo and n better grade of beef. Scantou employes was 130,000, and
with tho elimination of long-time thnt of this amount $0000 should
loans, waa tho cause ot thn long horns be subscribed at thu camps, but
being bred off of cattlo nnd 1i better $4860 was raised at tho Camp 1
quality ot beet being bred Into them.
"As to tho future, co-oporatlon Is
ncededto ellmlnnto unwise legisla
tion and organized wrong to tho
stockmen. Tho commission men are
ready to help In this. Great progress
tins been mado In tho Inst fow years,
and tho upward trend should tie con
tinucd. As a representative ot tho
Kansas City stockyards, I wish to
assuro you ot tho hearty co-operation
of tho livestock exchange."
Klhigo Is Advocated.
How tho feeding of silage can bo
mado an lmmonse nssot to the cattlo
mon, wns developed by Robort
Wllhycombn, Superintendent of thu
Eastern Oregon Agricultural cxper
poMment station nt Union, when he
spoko on tho subject of "Sllngo for
"Wo wlll'agrco that green grass
Is ono ot tho most Important factors
In-nil beof piyiductiou," ho said, "but
wo aro unablu to run our cattle an
pnstura the wholo year ns Is tho
case In somo countries, Ilonco It
essontlul that wo find somo substitute
that Will tldo ub over tho wlntur
feeding period. Sllngo comes nearest
to meeting this demand. It -Is suc
culorrt, nutritious nnd palatable, and
Its uso In connection with cattlo feed
ing rations is becoming moro populur
Alfalfa Old Standby.
".In propnrlng tillage various crops
aro used, chief among which Is corn.
However, In sections whore corn can
not bo grown successfully, various
othor crops, such as peas and barloy
clover, alfalfa, woody grain and oven
sunflowers aro used, .
"AlfaUa hay Is nn old standby in
connection with cattle feeding. When
fed alone to fatten cattlo It does not
qulto fill tho bill but with tho ad
dition of sllngo much moro satisfac
tory results uro obtained. For In
stance stoers weighing 10G0 pounds,
fed on ulfalfa hay alono at tho ex
periment stutlon, consumed nn nl
lowanco ot 30 pounds of hay p6r
day, and mado a dally gain ot .88
pounds, wlille steers fod on alfalfa
hay und silao consumed on an av
erago of 22 pounds per day of'hny
and 29 pounds ot sllngo mid mado u
gain of 1.7 pounds por duy. They
wore good thick steers, with a vory
Ruluuccri Ration Given,
"Sllugo is un excellent supple
mentary food, but when fed ulono
does not seem to givo good rcuults,
Calvos at tho experiment station, fed
on straight nlfulfa hay, gained ap
proximately twlco the weight that
calves fod on nothing but Hllao
In supplementing this statement,
Mr, Wlthycombo declared that even
meeting, nnd ,$2460 was taken by
tho mon at Camp 2. Moreovor, tho
loggers declaro that they havo only
started and that their entlro sub
scription will reach $10,000.
"Pep" meetings wero held nt tho
Shevlln-Hlxon mill nt 4:30 o'clock
Thursday afternoon, nt tho Brooks-
Scanlon plant nt Jl o'clock Thursday
morning, and again at tho latter
mill ut 10:45 o'clock last njght, the
overseas votorans speukliig nt all
Ijirgo AihuurU Taken.
Among thu larger subscriptions
turned In which helped to swell
tho total are listed $10,000 from
tho First National bank, $7250
from tho Central Oregon bank und
Its employes, $5000 from 0, S, Hud
son, and $2500 each from tho Bond
Company and tho Bend Water, Light
BURNS CHOSEN TOR
NEXT STOCK MEETING
(Continued from Pago Ono.)
had boon maintained by Acting Mar
shal Jamo M, Kylo.
Tho main speaker of the evonlng
was Representative N, J, Slnnott,
who confessed that ho Is known Iik
Washington, 1). C, ns'nit "Irrigation'
hug," nnd that ho is proud of It
"Tho futuro of this groat state of
nurn lien In Irrigation," ho suld. "W
nru ijo longer sceptics as to Its posst
bllllliis, but are working to got water
on the land, and turn it Into thu
kind or country thnt God Intended it
should bo." '
Mr. Sliiuolt ndvocntrd n doublo
development plan, not only using tint
wntcr for Irrigation, but nlan harness
Ing thu vast power of thu Deschutes,
now running to waste. Ho closed
with uu appeal for thu support of thu
Delegate Well l'lrncl.
Horgcnut C. E. Frost, of tho Old
Third Oregon, also spoko on thu loan,
and Inter In tho evening, with Ser
geants A. M. Fisher and E, E, Hayes,
appeared at thn Uond Auiatour Ath
letic club, whore the gymnasium wnii
filled to capacity by guests nt th
stockmen's hull, and by tunny spec
tators In tho. balcony.
A largo part of tho delegates who
wero gathered In Bend for tho Inst
two days loft this morning tor their
homes, proclaiming that their recep
tion hero would mnko them await
anxiously their next visit to this city.
IN BEND UNIQUE
(From Friday's Dally.)
Declaring that thoro Is nn un
usually excellent balance between
supply nnd demand far labor In Bond, .
Frank E. Manning, assistant director
ot civilian relief for tint Amorlcan
Rod Cross, said today that tho em
ployment sltuntlou In Bend Is bettor
than In nny othor city In tho stnte.
Mr. Mnnnliig was horu to confer-wllli
Mrs. V. A. Forbes, of tho homo sory
Ico department ot tho Bend Red
Ua compllmontcd tho Cpmmorclal
club on its work in bringing together
tho Jobless man nnd tho monies Job,.
nnd tatcd that vho cnnMldors'ttiero " '
In no need for tho establishment of
a branch employment office In this
Put It in "THE HULLETIN."
First National bank stood near the better results wero obtained from a
center of the crowd, holding the mixed diet of cotton seedymeal and
halter of the,ll-month-olJ Hereford silage, 'tho meal furnishing tho pYo-l
Stockmen of Oregon-WELCOME !
X7B AIM'HKCIATB tho opportunity of ontortnlnlnj,'
Mies on our ranges. Wo Imvo hrouula In ton such sires
for our customers slueu Mnreh 1st, uud plan to lirlnir
In many more lMtfnru thu vuui lu nviH' c ,; in ,.n,i ....,
acquainted while you uro In town.
Th nN Br HUf.,101, B.hvio
The First National Bank
f j -