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About The Bend bulletin. (Bend, Or.) 1903-1931 | View Entire Issue (March 27, 1919)
IIKNI) IIULLKTIN, llKNl), OIlKflON, TIIUItMDAY, MARCH 27, 1010
DIFFERENT TYPES OF SILO
(Hy It. A. Wnnl.)
Tlitiro Im it vurlnty of nllon on the
market, built of illfforunl mnlorlnln
itml all nerving (ho niuiui purpose,
4 nnliioly, to Ntoro up green food. It
lit a piolilfmi of economy for onoli
fiirmur to decide Junt what material
ho hi coliw; to imo ami whnl kind of
a hIIo hi) In going to build. It Im, of
(Mill run, iiwhIIiwh to slalo that tlmr
nru innny Rood nllon iiiiuIo of wood,
coiiurolo, hrlolt and inula), and no one
typo can ho mild to hu tint host.
Thorn aro, however, novorul ihmoiiIIiiI
features of hIIo construction . that
Hhould hit oliMorviid In building any
kind of nlln and a fow of thono polntH
aro 11111)11(1011111 hero.
HIIAI'K. Tim nllo Hhould ho Imllt
cylindrical In hIiiiiid, or nearly no.
i Tho Mirroiiudlug wall thus oiioloiuw
,' tho gruutiuit ainotint of tipaci), and
Athuro nru no cornets, ho that nlliiKO
can ho pnckud firmly around (ho wall
liimirliiK H'HK spoilage. Tho wall
Hhould ho pwrpumllculur ami nmooth
(o puriult of oven nettling without
li'itvltiK nlr pockotH.
IJFFIOIKNCY. Tho wall Hhould, of
rourno, hn practically air tight, and
Hhould ho nufflclontly non-conducting
,lo prevent oxcesslvo freezing, onpec-
'' ' hilly ho whan (ho tillage In to ho fed
during thu cold weather. Tho hIIo In
rimlly a largo lank or cistern for
tho preserving choppi'd up green
food In a succulent form. There U
ono fundamental principle which
iiiiiHt ho obnorvud In Mliign nmkliiK
Tho feed must ho kept away from tin
air, otherwise It will mold and decay.
TIiiin tho nearer air tight tho wnlln
;tro thu butter Iho hIIo and the butter
(ho nlliign. It Ih a proven fuel that
air UrIiUj walls can ho countructMl
from a "Variety of material. Tho
watitr of thu gniun food or midst!
water a I (In In tho exclusion of tho air
. no that tho wnlln Hhould ho con
structed In n maunor lo tuako thorn
not' only air t Ir lit hut wator tight.
If tho walls absorb largo quantities
of molHturo they draw out molHturo
from tho silage and allow mold to
dovulop around tho wall.
DUHAWMTY. Tho mntorlal to
ho used for hIIo walls nhould not
only ho of a character which will
liiHuro efficiency In keeping silage
hut whould also ha of a durahlu
nature. Tho nlln In rathor oxpon
hIvo In any matorlal no that tho mu
turlal that will InHt over tho longest
pnrlod of year and given satlsfac
tlon, will ho tho cheapest In tho end
(iron though tho flmt cost In slightly
V i ! TH I TiS
ill kiivm f.
sealed In its wax
wrapped package, air-
tight. Impurity proof-
Is hygienic and whole-1
some. The tfoody
. that stood for young
The Flavor Lasts
greater. A nlln which In wtmthor,
Htorm and ovon lira proof In a grftnt
asset, lift farm buildings, an a rulo,
aro not Innurud Inmylly, If at all.
Such a Ktructuro with nothliiK ahoul
It (o ilnnay or need roplacomont after
a fdw yoarH' iiho, will need inueli loss
caro and attention, which will add
much to tho nathtfacllon and decrease
tho ijxponnon of tho owner, A por
iiiaiioul Htructuro of any kind Ih a
Kood Imllciitlou of tho Judgment and
foronlght of a IiuhIiiohh fariuor,
COST, Tho alio which will give
tho most and best service for tho
Intuit mutiny Ih tho kind lo buy. First
cohI hi howovur only ono'of tho fac
tors to ho considered, Cost of up
kcop and pnrlod of unofulncHH Hhould
iiltto ho flKurod on, It Ih thuroforo
poitHlhlo that Homo typen of hIIoh,
although thulr Unit tout may hu
greater, aro roally a huttor invent
iiiiuit If their annual cost of upkeep
In ii it) a 1 1 ami their poriod of useful
nonn, duo to durahlo matorlal used,
extends ovor a long purlod of yearn.
Upkuop In quite a factor when wc
ntop to consider that tho hIIo Ih gen
orally ompty durliu: most Of tho try
Ing season, and when labor In Hcarro
duo lo urgent form work. It In
work thnt Ih too often put off or for
gotten. Hiicb neglect proven ox
PouhIvo with hIIoh, which do in a nil
CON VKNI K.STrJ. Tho a h o v o
itrouml typott of nllon nco Kouurally
oonnldonid mom convouluut than the
hulow rounil typo. It In oanler to
throw a hIIiiku down thnti to throw
It upward or nlevalo It. Tho cotitlu
uoiih door Ih iiIho morn couvunlnul
than tho Intermittent, nlnco the
opeulnit In nlwayn m-nrnr Iho level of
tho hIIiikw, nnd thureforo roijulrmi
ImtH pIlebliiK .tip over tho door. It
Ih not donlrnhlo with nhovo Kround
nllon to k more than flvo feet below
r.round or to exceed 18 to SO feet In
diameter for convenience nuke.
ATTUACTIVUNB88 Any proper
ly cotintructed nllo addn to tho at
trnctlvenenn of tho farm and enhanceH
Itn value. I.tko other farm bulldliiKA
If It In In a dilapidated condition It
In mi eyi'tioro anil a kooiI hIrii of
HhlftleHHiieHN and poor JutlKinent on
tho part of tho owner. Nuvorlholenn
tho nllo which will ho attractive mid
remain ho with tho leant expennu and
effort, In thu ono ktbnt will ho "a
IbliiK of beauty mid n Joy forever."
JHMBNSIONH. Tho quontlon of
tho nlzo of nllo to build In often
unked tho writer. Thin Is mi Im-
Ba ura to t
Look ior too
IMtOtJUKHH IN ANI.MAh HHKBIHXO
WIMi All) IN OKTVISU HBriHIt
nmvwvH i'"ic uaihbiw 01'
Tho honeflclal effect of pit; clubn
on tho Improvomout of nwlno In tho
United Htatun will bo duo In lareu
mennure to tho knowlediso prlnclplen
that the mumbern reculv; In early
life. I'rocrotiH In animal brnodliu; Is
limited uecennarlly by tho factor of
lime atifl thono who early become In
tercHted In tho work have tho heat
opportunity to reap tho full benefits
of their offortn.
In cnllliiK attention lo thono and
other merlin of tho plK-club work
encouraged by tho United Bin ten de
partment of agriculture, B. 7.. Hun
Ne,Hpeclallnt In nwlno IndUnlry,
clearly polntH out tho difference be
tween tho coiiHtructlvu livestock
breeder and tho no-called breeder
who really Ih a livestock speculator.
The comparison In of general Jnterent.
"In thu Iiok huslnenn, for Inntancc,
tho name 'breeder,' " Mr. Hussell ex
plains, "In applied commonly to any
one who han pure bred nwlno for salo.
A lnri;o proportion of tho men now
iiUKaged In thu business, howovcr,
had hotter ho termed npcculatnrn, for
to a greater or leaser extent they aro
eiiKnRed In buying and selling mil
main. Hometlmun thuy keep thu mil-tmibt--which
Include both noxen--to
produce llttern, and offer Ilium for
Hale, bjit more often they nlmply
buy and null.
Clove KtiideutM of Itrtiilliig'.
"Wo have a limited number, how
over, of those who may bo termed
constructive breeder. Persons be
longing to that clunn havu In mind a
utnsn of hog. which an breeders, they
aro trying to produce, ami they study
not only the animal Itself, but Itn
ancestors. In brief, constructive
breeders nru closa students of Indi
viduality and pedigree.
"A number of tho no-called breed
em of today commenced their hog
breeding activities luto In lifo and
did not have tho (Imo to take up tho
business In tho way it nhould bo
studied from a hreodor'n standpoint.
Consequently, If their activities are
extensive, they aro likely to bo spec
ulators rather than breeders. Many
howovcr, aro in speculative lines be
cause of tho lack of knowledge of
fundamental Ideas and prlnclplen of
breeding. This information Is read
ily obtainable from tho department
mid from many other sources."
Indefinite, careless methods In all
farming lines, according to Mr. Hus
sell, aro Injuring those who uso such
methods. On thu other hand tho man
who meets with thu most ruccess In
tho future will be tho ono who studies
from every angle thu problems con
corning Ms particular Hold of work.
HOW TO CIiAIMKY KAT.
Tho world bupply of fat Is low.
Kspeclally tho supply ot animal fata
and It Is necessary that nono bo
wasted In this country or someone
In tho world In going to lack this
importunt food substance.
Much fat is wasted bocauso ot tho
lack of knowledge of how to prepare
certain kinds for cooking purposes.
Hoof und mutton suet lmvo strong,
characteristic flavors, but these may
bu removed by carefully clarifying
nil thu tut mid It will bo sultablo tor
almost any cooking purpose
Put tho suot through tho food
grinder. It It has an odor to It souk
It and add a pinch of soda to It
during tho rendering. Heat on tho
back of tho stovo over hot wator, or
In u pun sot In tho ovon, until the
tut con bo squcozed from tho crack
lings, Storo In clean tin palls or
crocks which aro covered tightly and
sot In i cool placo.
Mix boiling wator with tho cold fat
Doll vigorously. Allow tho mixture
to cool and scrape off tho Impurities
which collect on tho lower surface
ot tho cako ot fat. To remove a
slight burnt tastq or other objec
tlonablo flavors, molt tho tat, add
thick slices of raw potatoes, and heat
gradually until It conaoa t8 bubble
and thu potatoes lmvo becomo a deep
brown. A small pinch ot baking
portunt Bubjoct us tho dlamotor ot
thu nllo depends upon tho numbor
mid kind ot stock to bo ted. To koop
sllngo fresh two lnchos should bo
romovod dully from tho entire sur
faco during tho summor months, nnd
at ionnt an Inch to an Inch nnd a
half during tho wlntor, Tho causo
ltKLATION OF 1IKRD TO
CaotHvm itit -vto ik mamr ..'yyyAS3 'tKinmmm
f U J, J(rrnl4i
X TEVER was such richt
X N fisted smokejoy as you puff out of a
jimmy pipe packed with Prince Albert I
That's because P. A. has the quality f
You can't fool your taste apparatus any more than you
can get five aces out of a family deck! So, when you hit
Prince Albert, coming and going, and get up half an hour
earlier just to start stoking your pipe or rolling cigarettes,
you know you've got the big prize on the end of your line!
Prince Albert's quality alone puts it in a class of hs own,
but when you figure that P. A. is made by our exclusive
patented process that cuts out bite and parch well you
feel like getting a flock of dictionaries to find enough words
to express your happy days sentiments!
Toppy rad tagi, tidy red tint, handtomt pound and half'poand tin
humidor andthat clotty, practical pound crystal gleus humidor tcilh
tpongm moittentr top that hcrpt the tobacco in tach purfcct condition.
W. J. Reynolds Tobacco
soda whitens thu fat and helps to!
make it sweet.
MOVK.MK.NT TO I.MI'ICOVK QUAI
1TV OF HKIWK AM) FLOCKS IX
(OUXTV IH (I.IIMNG GHOUND
(From Fridays Dally.)
That tho movement to Introduco
better blood in Central Oregon herdB
and Hocks is rapidly gaining wan tho
declaration today of H. A. Ward,
who han been working on this Idea
for tho last two years. Increased
Interest Is being taken In tho pur
chase ot pure bred sires, and where
there was only one owner ot thor
oughbred cattle In tho county 24
months ago, there are now SO, Mr.
In lino vilh this movement, a
meeting ot tho Deschutes County
Shorthorn association has been called
to be held In llond tomorrow, when
the matter ot buying bulls tor this
section will bo taken up. Mr. Ward
has been asked to secure, informa
tion as to prices and will report on
this at tho meetlug,
Sunday Mr. Ward will go to tho
Hay Creek ranch, where he expects
to purchaso three Jleroford sires. In
tho near tuturo a 500 bull calt will
bo brought to Uend from n famous
Union county Hereford herd.
Among recent buyers ot pure bred,
stock nro Jtay Corking and Jesso
Harter ot Turaalo, who have ac
quired a numbor ot beet type short
horns from M. R. Digga ot Prlno
vlllo. Just what may bo expected from
tho Introduction ot high grado stock
by Central Oregon ranchers Is shown
from nn Inspection ot tho Lincoln
bucks brought into this section by
Mr. Ward last summer. Tlio animals
nro not quite a year old, but a strand
ot wool tukon from ono ot them n
fow days ago measured 15 Inches in
ot poor sllngo is often duo to noth
ing more than too largo n diameter
of silo for tho amount ot stock ted.
Tho following tablo hIiows tho
number ot animals which should bo
ted from silos ot various diameters
lu order to remove two inches ot
sllngo daily when various quantities
D1AMKT Kit OF SILO.
Number of Animals Footling Various Quantities
ii Qpi iui&tote- ;h, .4-, , &MJm U hBHHHH
-cnB,. r.-s. s s. Sjm 9. ia
- handed - two -
Company, Winston-Salem, N.
STARTS APRIL 1
(From Saturday's Dally.'
To County Clerk J. H. Hancr be
longs tho honor of taking out tho
first Deschutes county Ashing license
for tho 1919 season, which begins
officially April 1. Twenty-flvo an
gling permits have been issued from
tho clerk's otflco to date, and fly
books aro being carefully replenished
in preparation for the day when the
ban on trout will be declared off.
Whllo licenses may be procured at
various places throughout tho county.
You'll Spend the
Money Get the
most out of it.
Every year you spend a large proportion of the
money you get. So much for clothing. So much
for shoes. So much for things to eat, house
furnishings, garden seeds and tools and what
There's one sure way to get the mos,t for your
money. Know what you want before you go
to buy. , -
READ ADVERTISEMENTS. The advertise
ments you read will tell you what is new and
good. They will give you the latest ideas and
improvements. They will help you to live
better and dress better at less cost.
If you thing of it, you'll be surprised at the
world of interest and 'the wealth of new ideas
you'll find in reading advertisements.
Advertisements are the daily record of prog
ress. They are the report to you of the manu
facturers and merchants who work for you,
telling what has been accomplished for your
"".M'-'trm. 7 u Rummiw
mm ? 'laiiiiiiBi
i r 3 ?1 1 ! fri aff.U ;1 1 flf aT
i iuUHgHMMaMf aaw
they will not bo reported In to tho
clerk's offlco this year, Mr. ilaner
having refused to allow his bond to
cover the losses of merchants who
handle tho permits. As a result,
each license seller will bo appointed
directly by the state fish and game
commission, will be under a sepkrato
bond and will make returns directly
to the commission.
Ono dollar nnd fifty cents Is still
the prico for permission to Indulge
in a season's fishing. The new li
cense blanks are considerably
smaller than those ot previous years,
and will fit conveniently into a card
case or fly book.
Put It In "TI1K UULLKTIN."
Put It lt "THE BULLETIN'."
Put It in "THE BULLETIN."
Dlamtcr of VoumU
10 ft. 523
12 ft. 754
14 ft, 1,030
10 tt, 1,340
18 tt, 1,685
40 IK SOlbi.
Ir head vr head
13 ' 17
pr hr ad