The Bend bulletin. (Bend, Or.) 1903-1931, March 08, 1917, WEEKLY EDITION, Page PAGE 10, Image 10

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It In with considerable nlnrtn that
Jocal lumber companies view the car
Situation far Iho coming tow weeks
According to nn editorial In a re
vent Issue ot the American lumber
man, one of Iho foremost ntul most
nuthorltatlva lumber Journals In the
United States, tho shortage ot trotght
cars tor lumber companies Is most
discouraging, and instead of the
conditions becoming bettor within a
Bhort time, (hey will bo worse.
To obtain two or three cars a day,
tho local companies feel now that
thoy nro fortunate They nro scout
ing ovorywhoro for roll bottoms to
meet the most urgent orders. Tho
situation. Is is reported uoro, Is be
coming really alarming.
ltrooks-Scanlon Lumber Co.
Reports come to Itond that Man
ager J. P. Keyos and Mrs. Koyes,
who nro now in tho cast, whero Mr.
Keyos is enjoying n vacation, were
victims ot tho recent insurrection In
Cuba to tho extent ot being separat
ed for several days on tho Island and
wore compelled to tako different
boats for tho American mainland.
As tho story Comes hero, Mr. Koyes,
In company with ona ot tho members
of tho Brooks-Scanlon firm, left New
Orleans during tho middle ot Feb
ruary, whero thoy woro to look over
aomo timber interests hold by the
compony. Mrs. Kcyes accompanied
them as far as Havana, whero she
roinaincd while tho others went into
tho interior ot tho island. Ilcforo
Mr. Keyos returned the Insurrection
broke out. and means ot communica
tion between tho Interior and Havana
woro broken off. Mr. Kcyes Mas
compalled to go to another part ot
tho island to sail for the United
States via Now York, and Mrs. Keyos
It is understood, went to New Or
leans. Letters received from them
this week say that Mrs. Koyes has
joined Mr. Koyes in Chicago and
will be In Ilend next Thursday.
An Inter-communicating telephone
system has been put in the office of
tbo Brooks-Soanlon Lumber Com
pany during tho last wcok, for the
convenience of the employees of tho
company in their business. This
week tho Pacific Telephono & Tele
graph Company will rearrange tho
system ot exchange at tho camps ot
tho company so that they will have
n direct city lino connection with the
local offices and tho city.
Tho now squcezet for tho box fac
tory arrived this weok and was In
stalled aud in now in operation. As
soon as tho matcher arrives,' all ot
tho equipment for tho box factory
will bo complete.
The Slievlln-Hlxon Company.
Krlond or Henry H. Ketchum, who
until recently was with the Shexlln-
Hlxon Company, have received word
from him In New York, whero he is
Identified with tho office of The Com
mission for the Relief ot Belgium,
that he Is expecting to sail any day
Wool Grading
In Madras to
(From Thursday's Dally.)
(Staff Corrospondenoe.)
MADKAS, Or., Maroh 1. To teach
the wool growers of Central Oregon
the value of a working knowledge
of tho market gradoa and classes of
wool, and to demonstrate the ben
efits to be obtained through heller
methods ot preparing wool for the
market, was tho mission of J. K.
"Wilson, assistant In wool Investiga
tion in tho U. B. Department of Ani
mal Husbandry, and Oran M. Nel
son, assistant professor in the De
partment of Animal Husbandry of
the Orogon Agricultural College, In
charge ot the government and col
lego wool demonstration oar, which
was sidetracked hero yesterday. D.
K. Clark, ot Portland, livestock agent
for the O.-W. R. & N was In charge
of traffic details.
That the object of the demonstra
tion waa fulfilled waa evidenced by
tho keen Intcroet displayed by the
ranchers who thronged the oar dur
ing tho entlro morning, and again in
the afternoon after a series of movie
films had been shown In the Madras
hall, depleting the various stages
In tho grazing and finishing of mut
ton sheep, and tho evolution of wors
ted fabrics from greaso wool. Both
of tho locturors declared that thoy
felt well repaid for tholr efforts,
while Mr. Clark stated that, although
In one of two Instances larger crowds
had gathorod, at no time slnco tho
car had been on tho O.-W. tracks had
a larger uumbor ot people who were
vitally Interested In tho subject ot
-wool handling, beon present.
Grading Important.
Tho Importanco of grading fleoces
beforo markotlng, In order that tho
grower muy know just what ho has
to offer, aud that he may be in a
position to demand top prices, was
tbo text'of Mr, WJIaon's demonstra
for Kuropo and that ho has been de
tained owing to tho unsettled con
ditions attendant upon America's
break with Germany. In part, Mr.
Ketchum's letter reads;
Now York, Fob. 23. As you will
seo, I am still on this sldo ot the At
lantic, as to dnto It has boon Impos
sible to get to Uclglum, though I
am expecting to sail dally. Tho llyn
dam, of the Holland-American lino,
Is the one on which I have passage,
and Bbo Is all ready to sail, but Is
awaiting orders from the other sldo.
Everything Is so problematical hero
that one Is never sure of Just what
Is going to happen. There Is a spir
it of very restless uncertainty. Kv-
orybody has boon expecting war for
so long.
As for myself, I havo beon working
here, expecting to leave tor qulto a
while, but without Immediate knout
edge. Tho steamship people give you
only 2-4 hours' notice of departure,
but they nro alt loaded and prepared
to go. Should war be declared, or
should nothing definite happen with
in tho next wcok, I may rotraco my
stops westward, though I am not
sure. Something must happen, nnd
I myself feel that war with this
country is tho last thing Gormany
wants. If war Is declared, tho re
lief work for Uolgium will automat
ically stop, as far as tho Americans
in Uolgium nro concerned, though
Amorlca's task ovor hero will really
bo Just beginning ngulu, for those
10,000,000 in all will die from star
vation, if tho commission's help Is
takon away. In case of war. the
active work In the field wilt be takon
up by either Spain or Holland, both
ot whom are seeking the privilege
through their diplomats.
New York Is ublaxe with flags from
one end to the other. Most ot tho
people are wearing their colors In
J. A. McDonald, ot Minneapolis,
general manager of the Shevlln
Ilotnll Lumber Companies, and J.
Baton, superintendent of the St.
Hllalre plant at Worsen, Minn., ar
rived in Ilend yesterday and spent
the day at tho plant of The Shevlln
Hlxon Company.
A. V. Latnmers, or the S.-II. Lum
ber Company, of Spokane, arrived In
Ilend this morning and visited the
plants of Tho Shevlln-Hlxon Com
pany aud tho Drooks-Scanlon Lum
ber Co.
G. V. Chenoy, ot Knapp-Chenoy,
loft Friday morning for Scattio on
business and expects to bo away about
a week.
K. F. Nichols, logging superintend
ent for Tho Shevlln-Hlxon Company,
left this morning for Seattle, where
he was called on account ot the ser
ious illness of a brother.
Frank It. Prince Is dallv otiwl.
ing tne arrival of a new iiuick six
automobile, which he purchased on
his recent trip to Minneapolis.
Value Shown
Many Farmers
tion lecture. Six range Hamboulllet
sheep were among the exhibits In the
car, and he showed that one animal
might have from two to four differ
ent grades ot wool on various parts
of the body. The differing degrees
of fineness of those, he said, made
them adapted for different kinds of
fabrics, at varying prices. Half,
thretf-elgHths, and quarter blood
grades, were the three chief divisions
oi wool, according to me wuuKiiuen
ot the fiber, whleh he used In his
"Poor fleeces are attributable to
one of two causes," he said, "either
poor breeding, or poor management.
Overreedlng on grain, or underfeed
ing, will weaken the strength ot the
fiber. These are factors In determ
ination ot price, shrinkage is an
other, and grading is the third."
Toxtlle Work Outlined.
In outlining tho progress of tho
wool from tho shoep's back, Mr.
Wilson sketched the shearing, sock
ing, grading at the warehouse, sort
ing at the mill, scouring, carding,
spinning, and weaving. He showed
how tho presonce of very short fibers,
running from IB to 20 per cent In
tho better grades of wool, to 20 to
25 per cent in the inferior grades,
lowered tho salable quality ot a
fleece, as the material could not ho
advantugeously usod In weaving,
"Woolens" waro defined as fabrics
w run with yarn spun from short
flbors, whllo the longer staple was
mentioned as tho distinguishing iimrjt
for "worsteds." The greater elas
ticity of tho lattor makes suits of
this material hold tholr shapo much
hotter than If of tho othor class ot
fabric, It was explained. Tho blond
ing of whlto with colorod fibors to
mako shades, was demonstrated in
"Ninety-fivo por cent of American
raised wool In haled ungraded," de
clared Mr. Wilson. "Unlcan you nro
running pufo breed courso wool sheep
you nro bnllng mixed lots, and neith
er y(ou nor thu buyer knows what
they nro worth. Ho (tan to play
safe, nnd In consequence, you got
less money.
KxpluliiH Shod Grading.
"According to tho now system, tho
fleece is graded as It comes oft tho
sheep's back. This plan wns Intro
duced In tho United States three
years ngo, and 8,000,000 pounds
woro put up In this country last year,
following this Idea. It has long been
In uso In Australia and Now Zealand,
aud that Is one ot tho chief reasons
why tho wool Imported for uso In
America nlways brings a higher quo
tation than tho domestic product."
A model ot tho Australian typo of
shearing shed, accommodating 10
shearers, was explained. Mr. Wilson
pointed out how tho sheep woro ttrst
sweated, softening tho grease, nnd
making shenrlng much easier, next
going Into pens, each of which com
municated with a shearer, eliminat
ing tho usual scrnmhllua for the
animals, tho clipping ot which would
bo most easy. Kach shearer's pen, In
tho model, wns provided with a chute,
down which tho shorn sheep would
bo slid into an Individual tally pen,
making possible a chocking up on
tho work ot each clipper. Halted
from tho ground, thu building would
purmlt of enough nnlmnls being shel
tered underneath to provldo work
for an entlro day, In case ot a storm.
A grader's room wns provided In tho
model, nnd quarters for a mechanic
to keep all the machines In first class
cutting condition. Under this sys
tem, black fleecos would bo careful
ly sogrogatod from tho white, In or
der that tho clip might bo unimpaired
for tho manufacture of pure whlto
toxttles. Immediately after grading,
tho wool could bo baled, and the bales
stenciled with tho name ot tho grow
er, the weight or tho wool, and Its
I'armei-H May Adopt Plan.
The model described would cost
approximately 110.000. Mr. Wilson
said, and an expenditure or this site,
he advised, should not be made whero
less than 10.000 sheep would be
sheared In a season. The size nnd
cost or the shel could he reduced,
but no less than a six-pen building
should be erected. If a grader, re
ceiving ordinarily J 10 a day. were
to be economically employed, ho
pointed out. Ho favored a sugges
tion made by one of his hearers,
that In case a smaller shod than this
were put up, tho Individual fleeces
ha tied up until enough had accum
ulated to keop a grader busy, as an
oxport would be able to hnndlo at
least C000 fleeces a day. Ho warned
especially against using sisal twine
to tlo up fleeces, declaring that fl
bors from tho cord frequently break
off In the wool, cannot be separated,
and will not tako tho same dye ns
tho fabric, because of Its vegetable
origin. Papor twluo, ho advised as
tho safest material for this purpose.
The advantage of machine over
hand clippers, ho pointed out. Ilea In
the fact that they can be operated
28 per cent faster, and that their use
ullmlnatos "second cuts."
That the prices ot wool are based
oh the scoured product, and thence
shrinkage must be carefully calcu
lated by the buyer, was a statement
which brought up the question of
home scouring. Hxperlenre, he said,
Iibb proved that this Is Impractical,
unless the grower knows exactly for
what purpose his fleeces will bo pur
chased, as under ordinary conditions,
the mill sort must preceml the scour
ing. During the discussions which fol
lowed, It developed that ranchers of
the Powetl Ilutte section are con
sidering the erection of a co-operative
shearing shed, and of gradually
Increasing tho number of their pa'
ture sheep. Mr. Wilson advised that
an association be formed to handle
the matter, to take oare of such de
tails ns thu sequence of hands of
sheep during shearing season.
"Above ull things," ho mild,
"change from warehouse to ranch
grading. Hut although you are
formed In an association, don't pool
your wool, but sell each clip sepa
rately, on a commission basis. If
you pool It, the man with tho poor
clip will receive more than his wool
Is worth, and the man with tho high
grade wool will gut a lower figure
than he Is entitled to."
Kvory point In tho lecture was
graphically illustrated, for tho ear
was tilled with samples ot wool, both
domestic and Imported, In tho greaso,
and scoured, In fleeces, In bales ac
cording to tho now system, and In
looso bags, according to the old.
Numerous charts epitomized tho main
points or tho loaturo, and pictures
showing nil phases ot the shoop and
wool Industry clalmod much atten
(From Thursday's Dally.)
As u result of a sudden drop In
the eastern prlco of potatoes, orders
for shlpmonts from this section havo
been cancelled, according to J, T.
Hardy, travelling freight aud pass
ongor ugont for tho 8. P. & S. Tho
prlco has fallen off at least 05 cents
par hundred, Mr. Hardy says, and
threo oars which wuro to havo boon
shipped from Iledrnond and ono from
Ilend, havo boon cancelled. Tho
reason for tho sudden chaugo Is not
(From Friday's Dally Uullotln)
Tho stoady growth of tho livestock
Industry In Central Oregon Is shown
In n report Issued from tho office
or Supervisor W. G. Hastings today,
following tho closing or tho time
limit last night, set for tho filing of
applications for grazing permits. Un
less most excellent reasons are given
by stockmen, explaining tholr delay
In applying, no more requests for
permits will be granted this season.
During the grazing season ot 1010,
I0C7 head of cattle and horses, thu
property of 72 permittees, grazed on
tho national forest. This year, fi'J of
tho former range users havo applied
for permission to grazo 4 061 head.
Only two of the former permittees
havo gone out of business, three have
consolidated their Interest with other
stockmen, aud uro still represented In
co-partnerships, nnd four have not
yet reapplied, for unknown reasons.
In addition to former users, 27 now
applications havo come In asking
rnngo for 1630 head ot stock. As the
carrying cnpnclty ot tho Deschutes
forest Is 5500 head, applications for
991 head will have to bu denied.
Countrnry to popular belief, the
sheep business In tho Central Oregon
section Is also showing signs of much
greater activity. During tho season
of 1010. a total ot 19 permittees used
range wnony wiimu ino iiesruuies i
forest, or under Inter-forest permits f
The records for this year show that
27 applicants are listed for range
privileges .and thnt they represent a
total of 61.800 bend ot sheep. With
tbo carrying capacity or the sheep
range estimated at 40.200. a little
more than one fifth or the animals
applied for will he denied udmlstlon ,
Into tho forest.
(From Friday's Dully ilulletln)
That tho Crook County High
School will be seriously crippled as
a result ot the division of tho county
whereby Deschutes was formed, Is
reported from Prlnevllle. Already
plans are being considered, accord
ing to reports from the old county
seat, to dismiss some or the teachers
at the end ot the present term, and
to put other economies Into effwt
The Crook tCouuty High School)
has been supported by the proceeds
or a tax levy In the greater part i
ot Crook county, ss It existed before.
It began to he cut up by division
movements two years ago. When ,
Jefferson was cut off, the revenue
was reduced, but It was still possible
to make ends meet during the follow
lug two years. Now Deschutes Is
formed nnd the taxable value of i
Crook county reduced to little over
n third or what It was threo years
In view or this situation, one or
two things has been decided to be
necessary. Klther the teaching force
must bo reduced, or a higher tax
paid for tho support or the school by
Crook county, as It exists today.
At no time In the past has the
number or students from the sec
tions outside the present Crook coun
ty been more than 10 or a dozen,
although practically nil havo been
paying the tax. Now tho territory
from which tho students come must
piy for their schooling or allow a
reduction In the number of subjects
Work Will Continue Without Inter
ruption uh Location of Cranio
Ilulldlng Is MoumI.
(From Friday's Dally.)
Transacting real octuto business In
u travelling office will be tho novel
experience ot J. A, Knstos, and of
tho Ilond Park Co. on Monday, for
on that dato, rollers will ho placed
under tho fratno building In which
thoy aro located on Oregon street,
and tho structuro moved to tho cor
ner of Graouwood and Ilond. No
work In cither office will bo Inter
rupted, Tho movo Is being mado for tho
purpose of making room for tho now
two-story offlco building to bo erect
ed by tho Deschutes Investment Co.,
In tho roar of tho First National
Hunk building As soon ih tho now
block Ih completed, tho two really
operators will move In, tho lleud
Park Co. having uffloott Hpokeu for
on the ground floor, whllo Mr. Hasten
will havo tho distinction of ropio
nnntlnK tho only prlvntd business to
share the second floor with tho ot
tiro holders of Donohutes county.
(From Friday's Dally llullntln)
llecnuse or tho Increasing diversity
of Interest between tho Kasteru Ore
gou and tho Spokane members In
tho Western White Pino Association,
arrangements havo recently been
completed to form an Kasteru Oro
gon association which wilt deal more
directly with the problems or Its
members than has hitherto been pos
sible.. Initiated at the recent meeting of
the Western association at Spokane,
tho formation or the now association
was completed at a meeting In Port
laud on Tuesday or this week, at
tended by representatives from tho
Kasteru' Oregon lumber producing
centers, Including Ilend, linker and
La Grande.
Tho new association will bo called
the Kasteru Oregon White Pine As
sociation and will have for Its of
ficer tho following: I). C. Krcles.
president, and Leon Stoddard, sec
retary. Among those In attendance
at tho organization meeting were T.
A. McCanu and II. K. llrooks, or
Ilond. D. ('. Kccles, Vincent Palmer.
It. K. Irwin. Joseph Stoddard. Frank
Gardiner, Frank (leddes and J. II.
Meetings will he held monthly In
A desirable bread knife free with
every annual subscription to The
Ilend Ilulletln.
Pilot Butte Inn
12 to U P. M.
AH Finish Lumber Kiln Dried
Miller Lumber Co.
Shoes for Real Service
Is especially made for this kind of country. None aro bet
tor made.
A handsome sorfrlceshlo dress shoe for men. Cannot bo
beaten for the money, (live these shoe a trial.
The A. Hanson Logger Shoes or Threo Lakes, Wis., aro
hand-made and ono or tho very best or Its kind. Special inndo-to-order
work taken for this shoo.
Hllli ni Wellington Stfcett
Centrally Located The Hotel for YOU
Special Summer Rates
Room with Imth privilege, single 75c up; double
$ 1 .00 up. Room witlppriviite Imth, .single $ 1 .50
up; double $2.00 up.
Auto bus meets trains.
Union Depot curs puss our doors.
From North Rank Depot S ear transfer nt 5th St.
ion high:.
(From Thursday's Dally.)
Although Iho number or children
or school ago necessary for tho for
matloii of a first class district, was
passed In Ilend on tho first of the
year, tho elty will have to wait until
Juno 15 beforo being graduated from
tho second district class. At thai
time will como tho annual dlstrlu
meeting, when the formality or a
vote must be taken to sanction the
change to the higher classiricutl
according to the school law.
At tho samo time will be held the
election or a now member ot tho
school board to Inko tho place of
It. M. Smith, whoso term Is explr
lug. aud two moro directors will h
named as prescribed by the law as
one of the differential points between
a first and second class district,
Among tho Innovations which the
change will entail, will bo tho direct
reporting of the city teachers to tho
city superintendent, and tho periuls
slon to leach a foreign language In
tho grades. At present this Is lim
ited to high school work.
Four chairs at your service at thiU
Metropolitan. No waiting. Adv,
For sign painting sou ICdwards.
(J to H 1 M.