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About The Bend bulletin. (Bend, Or.) 1903-1931 | View Entire Issue (June 14, 1916)
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TIIK IIBNII IJULLETIN, IlKNI), OltE., WKDM2SI1AY, JUNK 1 1, 1010.
Hints From a
y I. 1. O'Donncll, Rupenioor of Ir
rigation, V. H. Ileclnniiitloii ticrtico
(Hoclamntlon Itccord )
Usually tlio first crops produced on
Irrigated land nro small grains. This
Is due to tho fact that In tlio loca
tions ot our Irrigation projects small
grains find a naturnl homo, whereas
corn nnd othor cultivated crops rc
iiulro Bpcclal enro nnd oxpurlonco In
maturing of tho crops. AIbo, small
grains withstand for Bhortcr periods
excesses of drought or Water and tho
lnoxporlcnccd Irrigator Is nulo to no
euro a crop whllo ho Is learning how
to Irrigate. As tho Irrigated districts
liecomo more firmly established tho
production of small grains gradually
urtcs plnco to otlier cropB such as
alfalfa, sugar heots, potatoes, fruits
and others giving larger returns per
acre and tho production of small
grains Is put ovor on the dry-farming
Tho ordinary plan of Irrigating
small grain Is hy tho flooding system
whore tho farm laterals are run on
the highest places of the field and
tho water turned out of these farm
Interals to Hood or spread over tho
surface. Tho oxcoptlons to this plan
-nro In sections whero tho voter sup
Tply Is limited nnd where It Is neccs
snry to carefully preparo tho fields
In such manner as to securo tho best
posclblo uao of all tho water. In
thcto cases the border or check bjb
tern and tho furrow Bystem are nvnll
ed of. In Irrigating small grain Iry
tho flooding sstem, first mentioned,
more Irregular surfacaes may be Ir
rigated, but In Irrigating by tho
check, bordor, or furrow system caro
must bo tnkon to prepare the Molds
(to that tho surface Is regular and
tlio water caBlly controlled.
In producing wheat under Irriga
tion scarcity of wator may bo over
come by planting fall or w Inter wheat
which makes tho best posslblo uso of
fall and winter rains nnd Is uuually
matured by but ono Irrigation.
drains planted In the spring requlro
from two to four Irrigations, depend
ing on tho charactor of tho soil and
the amount or rainfall during tho
The samo methods of Irrigation
mny bo nppllod to whent, oats, and
barley with the excoptlon that over
Irrigation Is less Injurious to wheat
than to oats and less Injurious to
oats than to barley.
The tlmo of Irrigation Is Influenc
ed a great deal by tho tlmo of rain
fall In tho porlod of growth. Whero
grain Is planted In dry ground In tho
spring It Is necessary qulto often to
Irrigate the field In order to germl
nato.tho soed. Borne authorities fa
vor' Irrigating the ground before
tilttntlnir thn anml. tint thn nlilnrtlnn
o this method Is tho dolay necessary
to Irrigation and -waiting -for the soil
to get In condition beforo tho seed
la planted. Hy planting and then Ir
rigating, tho water Immediately hur
ries tho germination of the seed and
furnishes moisture necessary for tho
rarly growth of tho plant. After
germination of seed and first growth
of tho plant tho Irrigation should be
delayed until tho appoaranco of tho
plant Indicates a need of molsUtro.
'The plants aro naturally n light
green; as tho need for moisture
grows tho plants turn a darker green
and unless molsturo Is supplied tho
dark green turn to yellow and tho
plants are permanently Injured. If
possible, It Is well to keep an even
amount ot ntolaturo available for
tho plants. Tho period of most rap
Id growth comoB Just about tho tlmo
ot bloom when tho plant shoots up,
nnd plenty of molsturo should be
available at this period. Tho quality
of the grain, as well r.s the quantity.
may bo helped by plenty of moisture J
ui mo lime mo grains nro rormlng.
If tho molsturo Is shut oft at this
porlod shriveled and undeveloped
grains will result.
The quantity of wator requlrod for
best yields of Bmnll grains Is some
thing each farmer should endoavor
to work out ns ho may under the con
ditions ho has on his farm. Heavy
nnd clay soils requlro less wnter for
maximum yields than Bandy and
gravelly soils. Where avorago con
ditions exist about 18 Inches of water
should mature grain well on clay
boIIsj sandy or gravelly soils would
probably require 30 of moro lnchoa
for tho samo Iolds. This iiriportant
fact should bo borno In mind tho
yield of both grain and straw In
creases with tho application of wator
up to tho amount which the plants
need for their best doolopment; It
the application of water is continued
aboVo this point tho jleld of both
grain and straw will decrease In pro
portion to tho amount of oxcess
Soma authorities havo put forward
claims to tho offecl Hint small grains
will yield best by a certain program
of alternating drjncss and molsturo.
It Is bolleved to bo well for tho avor
ago farmor not to experiment with
any such theory, ns It Is n theory at
tho best and no ono enn say definitely
Just when tho soil should Do dry and
wbon molBt on oery fnrm. Tho beBt
plan for tjio farmer la to endeavor to
koop available for plants Just as much
wator as keeps thorn In healthy
growth and tlmo his Irrigations to
tho periods when tho plants need tho
maximum amount of molsturo.
DAIRYMEN PLAN FORMATION
To Meet nt McCnll Hunch on Juno 10
111 Also DIhciikk Question of
Many ot tho dairymen In the l'rlno
vlllo and Redmond districts of Crook
county havo become greatly Interest
ed In tho organization of a cow-test-Ing
association for the nurDoso of de
termining tho valuo ot the cows they'
aro milking end ot Improving on the
profits to bo dorlvej from their
dairies. Should such an organization
bo affected, a specialist will take
charge of the workwlth these herds
and make official testB tor one year at
on expense ot $1,25 per cow In herds
of twelve or moro cows and at a
slightly hlghor cost In herds of less
number. The formulating 6t soma
plan whereby two small herds may
be tostod as ono will bo undertaken.
Prof. F. W. Kehrll, U. 8. Dairy
Field Agent, will visit Crook county
on Juno ICth and 17th and n meeting
of all of tho dairymen who nro In
terested In an organization as nbovo
outlined or In the building of silos
will bo held on tho ranch of II. Mc
Cnll, about half way between Prlno
vllle and Ilcdmond on tho Crooked
river on tho lGth at 2 p. in., shnrp.
This will bo n good place to discuss
all of tho phases of tho dairy busi
ness from the viewpoint ot both tha
expert specialist and tho dairyman.
Every mnn with cowa should bo pres
ent and take part In tho discussion
ot tho dairy business from this
standpoint. It will provo very prof
itable It nil of the dairymen can get
together nnd pull together for tho
Improvement ot tho dairy business In
the county. Come out nnd got tho In
formation regarding tho cow-testing
association anyway. If you want to
seo tho association organizes here,
bo suro and come and If It is possible,
It will be done.
Prof. Kehrll will be in tho county
on tho 17th also but work for that
day has not )et been arranged!
Soveral automobiles will leave
Redmond for this meeting nt 12:45
and dairymen In this vicinity can
catch a rldo If on hand at this tlmo.
Similar arrangements will probably
bo made at Prlnevllle. To date, no
ono from tho vicinity ot Ilond have
reported Intention ot nttondlng but
we hopo to sco some of thorn on hand.
It will pay you to bo on hand and
learn what you can from Prof. Kehrll
U. S. Dairy field agent, nnd your
How to Live Long
Rules ieprlnted by permission ot
Metropolitan Mfo Insurance Com
pany from booklet Issued by It.
A deslrnblo bread knlfo frco with
every annual subscription to The
Ilond Ilulletln. ' ,
For sign painting sco Edwards.
rooi) UUIiE t).
Chow your food (until you can
owallow It very easily. If you 1iao to
forco tho food down, you linve not
chawed It enough.
Sip nil llqu'ds slowly. Do not gulp
them down. Do not tako n drink of
water while your mojth Is full of
Somo of tho best foods nro fruits,
milk, sour milk, potatoes, bread,
vogotables, sugar (If mixed with
liquid) and nuts, If thoy nro well
It Is best not to uso popper, must
ard, catsup or other "hot" rollshcs at
ISHUUH CORN PRIMER.
Tho Union Pnclflc System has re
cently Issued n Corn Primer and
promlum list for the Corn show to
he hold at Walla Walla, Washington,
on November 22, 23, 24, 2G, undor
tho management of tho O.-W. R. &
N. Co. The prlraor gives instruc
tions for growing corn which aro of
valuo to every farmor. Copies may
bo obtained from C. L. Smith, .agri
culturist, Portland, Oregon.
Seo J. Ryan & Co., tor farm land
Clean up nnd paint up.
A deslrnblo bread knlfo free witi
ovory annual subscription to Tho
We Know How to
Swat tHe Fly
If you want to co a fllylow (tore Just drop around.
Wo lll not tolerate tlio nppennmeo of a fly.
Our Minltury rrfrlRcrator counter keep our fresh
uiiil crbiluilile hhm1s freo from contact ulth riiut or (icD,
Tlio ory bext of grocery merchandise In the tery boot
of condition iiuiy iiIiwijh bo purclinneil nt
Wall Street. Near Ohio Phone Red 161
DO YOU KNOW THAT?
-- Rural 'sanitation Is a health
protection to tho clty-dwoller?
- It's foolish to educate a boy
- and. then let him dla ot Uphold -
Tho U. S. Health Service Issues -
- a froo bullotln on tho summer
caro ot Intents?
Exerclso In the gnrdon Is bottor
-- than exercise In tho gymnasium? -
Clcnn water, clean food, clean
- houses mnko cloan healthy
Tho stnto of California has ro-
ducod Itn typhoid donth rato
70 per cent In tho past ten
J Rats aro tho most expensive
- nnlmal which man malntnlns?
.It is estimated that tho nvcr-
ago manuro pllo will breed
900,000 flips per ton.
TO LOCATE TRAILS.
Definite nnd exact Information on
tho location of pioneer trails and tho
oldest wagon ronda ot Oregon is
wanted by members ot tho associa
tion in chargo of locating nnd mark
ing permanently these routes of
travel. Tho Oregon geographic
herd and tha Diuglitors of tho
American Revolution aro co-operntl ig
with tho department of history at tho
Oregon Agricultural College In tin
effort to locnto theso early travel
nn nctho part In entabllshlng and
making nrrangcm'cnts to mark pur i
mancntly these routes of travel. An-
ono having Information on tho sub-j
Jcct may send It to Professor J, 11.)
uuruur in euro oi mo uregun agri
tiff TJ) "
No waiting at tho Metropolitan for
that shavo or hair cut. Four chalrB
now ready. Adv.
od at Symons. Adv.
FLIES are camera of disease seed
Live and breed in oil kinds of filth.
Infect food and drink by germ laden Icel
Each female fly can lay 150 eggs.
Should be kept out of dwellings.
In order to aid tho farmer the
Rend Flour Mill Co, has this year ob
tained Apex Lend Plaster, a scien
tific fortlllzor. Adv.
Four chairs at your service at tho
Metropolitan. No waiting. Adv.
Soo Edwards for paper hanging.
Diamonds set whllo you wait. My
ron II. Symons. Adv.
Lay in your wood supply now nt tho following prices:
C1REEX Ifl-I.NCII WOOD
DRV HMNCH WOOD
DRV KMXCIl PLANER ENDS.
. . . K'J.OO PER LOAD
S-.r,0 PI'.H LOAD
i?:i.oo pr.it load
THIS INCLUDES FREE DELIVERY
Oregon Transfer Co.
PHONE US NOW -BLACK 451
For farm land loans s'eo J. Ryan
& Co, Rcasonablo rates, prompt
Export watch and Jewelry repairing
nt Symons. Adv.
Bulletin No. 3
Why Not Face the Facts
About Armor Competition?
The policy of tho United States Government for many years has mndo real competition In
armor-making ineffective. k . -
tThe Government inlpht have asked the three armor plants for bids and let tho entire
tonnage to the lowest bidder. That would have mado competition effective.
The rornilt of such a course would have been to drive two of the three manu
facturers out of business, and leave the country with facilities of only one
plant la time of need.
The Government in fact has always aBkcd for bids from
the three manufacturers, hut no matter what the price
quoted, each year's business was divided among them.
Armor makers serve but one customer the Government, just as a public utility
ervca but ono custozscr s community.
The solution of the public utility problem U regulation of rates.
The solution of the armor problem is for the Government to fix the price.
We voluntarily agree to accept any price fixed by the Federal Trade Commission.
Isn't acceptance of that offer better than the destruction of an industry built solely
to serve the Government?
CBUSL M, SCHWAB, dubmaa
KICJENX a GBACK, IWtel
Bethlehem Steel Company
For the man who
wants to own his
Let us show you, for your selection, some of
the prettiest lots in Bend. They are level and
free from rock and are spotted with lovely shade
trees; they are within fifteen minutes walk of
either of the big mills and are close to the bus
iness, district. These lots may be had on terms
that are within the reach of all and every assist
ance will be given our buyers to enable them to
' build a comfortable home. We will be pleased
to show you.
INSURANCE THAT INSURES
'rVe write insurance in all its branches in world
Jtknown companies and will gladly accept the
' smallest risk. r
Bend Park Company
PHONE 3SI, OFFICS ON OREGON STKEET.
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