The Bend bulletin. (Bend, Or.) 1903-1931, January 06, 1909, Image 4

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THE BEND BULLETIN
"For every roan a square deal,
less nnd no more."
C11AR1.KS I. ROWK 15MTOR
SUHSCRll'TlON RATHS:
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WKDNUSDAY, JAN'. 6, ujog.
The New Year.
What will tho new year bring to
Betid and the Demi country? When
January 1, 1910, dawns what will
be the state of this section's devel
opment? Will the long-looked-for
railroad be under construction, and
will there be the growth and devel
opment that will naturally accom
pany the beginning of railroad
building? These are questions in
which every man, woman and
child in Central Oregon is greatly
interested.
The Bulletin believes there is one
thine sure and certain, and it is
that the new year upon which we
arc now entering will bring good
results to this part of the stole.
One thing we lack nnd that is rail
road facilities. Give the Bond
country a railroad connecting it
with outside markets and there
would ensue here a development
that would agreeably surprise the
most sanguine. We have the prom
ise of Harriman that he, will give
Central Oregon a railroad at once,
and there arc many indications that
the Hill or some other great rail
road system will also soon build
through this section. While the
route for the new road has not been
definitely announced, yet General
Manager O'Brien has expressed
himself as believing the new road
will be built up the Deschutes river
to Bend and on south. According
to all reports and indications, offi
cial announcement to that effect
should soon be made.
liven though work on this line
should be, delayed, there would still
be strong indications that the new
year will place the Bend country in
a far better pesition as regards the
railroad than it is now. There are
persistent reports to the effect that
the Natron-Klamath Falls line will
be built at once. This line, crosses
the Cascades and leaves the moun
tains in the vicinity of Odell, about
50 miles south of Bend. That
would bring the railroad 45 miles
closer than at present, and it would
be an easy matter to build r. lint
north from that point to Bend. In
fact, that may be Harriman's inten
tion, as it is known such a plan
has been seriously considered.
But the road that the Bend coun
try is pinning its hopes to is tilt
Deschutes line. Mr. O'Brien has
practically annouueed that the Des
chutes road would be built anil that
work would be commenced
on it during this month. The Bul
letin believes that Mr. O'Brien
knew what he was talking about
when he gave that statement to the
papers.
The year 1909 should bring good
things to the Bend country. Many
new settlers are moving onto land
in the vicinity of Bend, land is be
ing cleared, each week sees new
fences, barns and houses dotting
the landscape, and the foundations
for many happy homes are being
laid. It behooves all of us to do
what we can to make it the best,
happiest and most prosperous year
this section has ever enjoyed.
then watch the papers to sec how
your senator nnd representatives
vote on the various measures. If
you find their actions ns legislators
are not in the interests of the sec
tion thcynre chosen to represent,
you will be prepared to cast your
ballot intelligently against them if
they ever seek re-election. In line
with these retnnrks, it might be
well for Bulletin readers to remem
ber that Dr. H. I1. Belkunp of
Princvillc nnd II. A. Brattain of
Paisley are the representatives, and
G. II. Merrymau of Klamuth Falls
the senator from this district.
Six mouths of piuhibltion his, on the
whole, been u benefit to Crook comity,
according tu. the statements of various
limine men of this section. Tliey re
port a decided increase of cash receipts,
there is far lew drunkenness than for
merly and consequently fener arrests,
n marked htcrcatc in attendance of the
Crook county high school ii also attrib
uted to the absence of saloons, an i alto
gether there is a general opinion that
the day of the saloon is ended in the
county, if not iu the city. Priueville
Review.
The above is the first paragraph
in a column and a half article in
the Priueville Review touching on
the results of local option in Crook
county. It shows a fair minded
attitude on the part of Kditor Ken
nedy, as the Review was the only
paper in the county that came out
openly in favor of the saloon dur
ing the "local option" campaign in
June. His version of conditions at
Princvillc is descriptive of the whole
county. Those who predicted that
prohibition would ruin and "kill"
Bend misjudged matters greatly.
To say the least, business in Bend
has been as good as it was during
the wet regime, and that dreaded
falling off of the town's business
has proven to be a myth. Local
option undoubtedly has come to
stay. Its a good thing and the
people will stand by it.
Problems That Confront The Irrigator.
The following article Is by It. 1.. Mc
Intvre, of Spokane, Washington. Mr
Mctutytc is nn irrigation engineer who
has tx-eu connected with ttie largest en
terprises in the country for the twst
twenty years, and has been Identified
with nearly all the enterprises in eastern
Washington, He has made it specialty
of economical distribution of water ami
also .of the Installation of pumping
plants. He is considered an authority
on irrigation, Irrigation pumpiuu, and
water systems, tie is nuw acting as
consulting engineer for several of the
largest irrigation companies who have
their headquarters at Spokane, the most
prominent of which are IUIcock .Si Mots,
Loans and Mortgages, American Se
curities Company, and the Cook Clarke
Compauy.
If you will take I'olcy's Oriuo Laxi
live until the bowels becdme regular you
will not have to take purgatives con
stantly, as Foley's Orino- Laxative posi
tively cures 'chronic constipation and
sluggUh liver Pleasant (o take. C W.
Merrill, druggist.
bids Wanted
To supply wood for the Bend
school, 45 ricks, size of sticks 34
inches long and not to exceed 10
inches in thickness; to be r'elivcred
and ricked in basement of school
bouse. Limb wood preferred. Bids
must state the kind and condition
of wood, and a rick is to be 8x4x34
Uids to be in by January 9, 1909,
The board reserves the right to re
ject any and all bids.
L. D. Wiest, Clerk,
School District No. 12.
Patronize Home
Talent-It Pays.
The Oregon legislature will soon
be in session. There are a nutn
ber of very important measures that
the coming legislature should pass,
among them a new water code.
The people of this section should
keep iu touch with what is being
done by their law-makers. Drop
-them a letter or two requesting
their support of the laws which
you think the state needs. And
m H V
APJJ
Last month a merchant a thousand
miles from Chicago wanted to place
over his store nn electric light iljrn
be bad heard about Id Chicago, Made
a apeolal trip there for specifications
ind terms. Too high!
Mr. Merchant returned home and In
cidentally told the local electrician
about his troubles, Mr, Home Klectri
.lan replied that he could reproduce
tho Chicago sign, with Implements,
at a pri:e that suited, .and he did so.
JUST THINK TOIB OVER, WILL
TOU?
Practical irrigation is scientific as
well and covers 11 broud field in its
ninny phases. The subject must,
however, be treated locally, cuch
small section of the country is a
problem by itself and each irrigator
on his own laud must solve the
problem largely for himself, nnd I
shall try to tell him how to do it.
Original Soil Conditions.
It is the practical every-day side
of this question which nppcats to
the farmer and fruit grower. He
wants to know how much water to
use, when to use it and how to use
it. The "when," "how," and
"how much" are the questions
most vital to him. In order to
know these things, certain facts
about his particular truct of laud
must be ascertained befote he is
ready to irrigate practically and iu
tclliucntly, namely:
First, the depth of soil
Second, the relative position of
to top and subsoil;
Third, slope of surface for drain
age purposes;
Fourth, slope and characteristic
of Mibsoil for underdrainage;
Fifth, the pen-entage of moisture
the soil holds stored, in its present
condition;
Sixth, the water-holding capacity
or amount of water the soil con
tains when in a state of complete
saturation;
Seventh, the degree of fineness
or grain of the soil.
With these seven questions solved
you are ready to irrigate with some
degree of certainty of what the re
sult will be; and without knowing
these- you arc like a man in the
mercantile business without a set
of books. It is a simple matter to
learn these facts, as will be seen by
the following:
First, the depth of the soil. The
best way would be to bore auger
holes at short intervals over your
tract of land. Bore one foot in
depth at a time, pull the auger,
save the soil and put it in a glass
tar and seal it up to prevent the
moisture from evaporating. Bore
the second and third foot and on
down to the subsoil in like manner
until you have a sample of each
foot of soil.
Second, the relative position of
top and bottom soil you have ascer
tained by boring holes in the first
instance.
Third, the surface slope. If too
level to determine by the eye, em
ploy a surveyor to run levels over
the ground and furnish you a map
showing the elevations in one foot
contours, or in squares of 100 feet.
This will always be extremely use
ful to any one in the distribution
of water for irrigation.
Fourth, knowing the depth of
your subsoil at all points and the
surface slope, the relative slope of
the two is apparent.
Fifth, the percentage of moisture
the soil holds stored in its present
condition. Take the samples of
soil you have in the sealed class
jars from your borings in the first
instance. Weigh each sample
separately, noting the part of the
field from which it was taken, then
dry each sample perfectly and
weigh again. The difference is
the amount of moisture in the soil,
from which you ascertain the per
centage of moisture iu each foot of
soil from the subsoil to the top.
Sixth the water-holding capac
ity of the soil. This may be de
termined by taking a box one foot
square and one foot high with a
fine screen ou the bottom. The
capacity of the box will be one
cubic foot. Now fill the box with
soil, pour water ou it with a sprink
ler until the water drips off at the
bottom through the screen. As
soon as the dripping stops, weigh
the box and deduct the weight of
same. 'I ben dry the earth out per
fectly dry and weigh again. The
difference between the two weights
gives you the amount of water the
soil will hold in nuscusioit, or its
water-holding capacity. The noil
is n sponge and you can only fill
the voids with water. Having
learned all the conditions above
named, you know how tntichwutci it
will require to bring about u ceitalu
)crccntugc of moisture in land you
wish to irrigutc. You know how
it drains, whether it leaches down
or runs off iu the sulwoil. You
can learn at any time whether your
tx'rccntage of moisture is too low or
too high, also how deep you can
More water iu the soil, and how
much it takes to wet it one fool
down.
Seventh effect of water and ulr
ou soil. When you begin to ex
pcriment, you will be surprised to
find the saturating capacity of soils,
even iu the same field, are so very
different. A good illustration of
this condition is given in Mr. Camp
bell's work on "Dry Farming,"
which in suttstance is as follows.
Iu one glass is one pound of the
largest buckshot we could find; in
another glass is otic pound of the
very smallest bird shot we could
obtain; have 1 one ounce druggist's
graduate. With this graduate wc
mcasuicd precisely one ounce of
water and turned onto each glass.
Wc then shook each glass to lc
sure that every shot was moistened
all over. This covered each one
with a thin film of water exactly as
the moisture is retained around
each little particle of soil It is
not possible iu our Illustration to
get rid of the free water, or that
portion between the shot, except
by tipping the glass over to allow
all the water, which is not held in
film form, to drain out of the gradu
ate. Measuring carefully the
amount of each glass, wc find to
our surprise that the fine shot con
tains nearly thirteen times as much
water as the coarse shot. Here
wc have a practical demonstration
of how the water-holding capacity
of the soil is increased by finely
pulverizing and making it form a
condition most favorable for the
movemrnt of moisture by capillary
attraction and the most perfect de
velopment of roots. The shot, be
fore it was put into the glasses, was
carefully weighed on tine druggists
scales, to be sure we uau the same
quantity. Both gtaucs arc filled
to the same height with the coarse
and fine shot and both glasses arc
of the same size.
Every irrigator should read and
study Campbell's "Dry Farming
Methods," for the very first requi
site to be a successful irrigator is to
be a first-class dry farmer. If you
can't dry-farm, you can't Irrigatr.
I say to all, "Don't irrigate too
much." The following comment by
Prof. S. A. Beach, of Iowa, is the
best thing on this subject I have
seen. He says: "How do roots
get food from the soil? We used
to think the ends of the roots were
like little sponges and that they ab
sorbed the water front the soil, but
we now know better. As a matter
of fact, however, the tip end of the
root is calloused to force its way
through the soil, and that just back
of this calloused tip is a soft, spougy
portion which takes iu the moisture
from the soil. Old roots tuke up
vcrv little moisture, but the new
growth of the rootlets accomplishes
this work. Now when the soil is
so full of water that the air is shut
off, no new roots are formed, and
no new water is taken up, nnd the
tree suffers as a consequence."
The professor is absolutely right.
The length of the growing season
covers a period in this country of
about fifteen days, and if every
condition is right for this time,
your crop is practically insured
On the other baud, if you chill the
ground by too much water and fill
it so full of moisture that no air
can reach the roots, you have lost
several days of the best of your
growing season, and taken many
dollars out of your own pocket, u
mean thing to do to yourself.
Shallow soils with gravel or open
subsoils leach the moisture away
very rapidly and there is less dan
ger of over saturation, but the con
tiutial pouring of water through
such soil will also carry awuy the
fertilizing clemeutti which are iu
solution and soon deplete the soil,
Find out how much water vour
soil will hold in suspension and ir
rigate accordingly. The soil is u
chemical laboratory and you are the
chemist. The boil must have
moisture, air, and the heat of the
Bend-Slianiko Livery & Slagc Company
J. II. WliNANDY, I'nip.
W. I Kellny, Anml. HhnnlKO
New Covered Stages between Hentl mul Slinnlko
ALSO
Livery nnd Peal Slnliles nl Shnniko, Minims nnd Haiti.
Wu run our rigs to plonsu tltu public.
Slitgos lonvo unclt way cvory tiny.
Rigs to nil parts of Cuntntl Orucon. Cmuftil clrlvoro furnished
Special Attention Given to Express and Baggngo.
WIIUN IN MINI) STOP AT
THE PILOT BUTTI2 INN
Table Ua,s supplied llli Iho best thai lb" t'-wn affords.
Neat nnd Comfortable Rooms.
IIhnii, Omhc.on
Massachusetts Mutual
Life Insurance Company
ANNUAL DIVIDENDS
Nearly .100 SAIISI'IIH) Policy holders In Crook County.
jo-,,5 Is. O. MINOR. Resident Agent
UNLESS IT'S A GOOD
STORE IT WILL NOT
PAY to ADVERTISE IT!
u
NI.F.SS you know a person utile that person comes
into your life iu some way you ate tint greatly con.
ccrucd uIkhu whether he is good or bad, desirable
or objectionable.
It's so with .1 store. The people who never visit it
care nothing uIkjiu it one way or the other. It doesn't
exist for them. Hut when they are crstiadcd to patron
ize it when they conic to turn the stot-light of their at
tention on it when it comes to have a wrt iu their lives,
as some stores must have iu alt Iivcs-mIich it's different;
then it DOF.S matter whether it strive to win confidence;
it docs matter whether or not its price concessions are genu
iuc, dependable.
If it meets all tests that a good store must stand when
it is advertised when it thus invito the critical attention
of people then advertising "niukes" the store. If it fulls
in most of the vital things if it proves, tinder the light of
publicity, not to be much of a store, TIIKN ADVKRTIH
INO WII.I. NOT FAY for it will emphasize short
comings as well as merits.
Fur these snine reasons It Is generally
assumed that the store which docs not
advertise Is seeking to nvold close in
spection uud comparison, nnd that the
store which docs Is courting them,
suu to keep the chemical action at
work, making plaut food, When
you have too much water iu the
soil, there is no air, Iicikc 110 chemi
cal action. With too much uir,
there is no moisture, and no chemi
cal action. With projier moisture
and cultivation the chemical action
is complete (the capillary attraction
bringing up the moisture from the
lower levels to the ton mulch.)
Here the suu and uir miiuufucture
the fertilizing elements und the
next rain or irrigation washes them
down to the roots to lie taken up
by them. The process remits
itself without cud, so long as we
water and cultivate properly. Culti
vation is more Important tliuu irri
gation and iu the arid regions one
is of little use without the other,
And don't forget thai a weed is 11
pump uud that it pump water out
of the soil nt it vcrv ranid rate.
Pacific Homestead.
(Continued next week.)
C. S. BENSON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW
IM'HICK IN IHNK 111111.1)1 HO,
MIND, OKIidCIN
u. a coe, mTd.
Physician and Surgeon
Ol'I'ICIt OVKK HANK
All illnbt (Telephone Connection
You would not delay tuklug I'olry'a
Kidney Remedy at the first siii nl kid
ney or hUddcr trouble If you reuliud
thut neglect nielli result iu llriutif
disease or diahclcs. I'olry'a Kidney
Remedy corrects irrcuuluriiln mul ...I....
all kidney uud bladder disorders. C. W.
Merrill, druggist.
IlltNl).
DAY THI.Iti'JIONU NO. 31
OkHc.ON
tub
First National Bank
of Priueville.
ItsUbllshrd 1887.
CnplKil, .Surplus nnd Undivided
I'rolltH, $100,000.00
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