The Bend bulletin. (Bend, Or.) 1903-1931, August 09, 1907, Image 4

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    ("J tfttMHjHjHf
mwfc-.-n.. . iiYrimMlMiMlliMIMMMWMM-frrTm'rMrTMrTTT
v f,
- . ; i "" 7
l! !
Some of the Things
"For every man a square
deal, no
less and no more."
Oncjrrr.. ,
Six month.
.... .J
Three raoatht...
ITtUMr In dTanc.
FRIDAY. AtJGUST $, 1507.
(Continued from page l.)
ve bave made Rives the board the
power to say when and where land
shall be sold and when it shall be
deemed to be reclaimed. The com
pany has been selling land without
water, within 20 miles of it. There
will bcub more of that.
"Th- new contracts make the
scttlers.ownrs of the. reclamation
system at the cud of jo years, and
Ttduecs the annual charge to So
ecu on acre in the meantime. The
new; contracts provide for the de--posit
of $1 an acre, amounting in
Till to ibout $100,000. as a guaran
7 that the system will be turned
t.-w to the, sritlere iu good condi
tion. Aa Ve have !e power to saj
vheu4hey can sell land, and can
Insist upon their building the canal
ifjeforc tbey sell the land, it seems
.to me that the deposit is sufficient
jecurity.. r. , 1.
Cannot; , Keep .-,an Themselves.
''The only way .the reclamation
torjparty can get any money out of
the project is by sales to settlers. If
the new price is too' high settlers
will not buy and they will be com
pelled to sell for less. They can
not refuse to sell to any .cttler who
tenders thete' the purchase price,
aud they could bave 1.0 object in
xcfusing, for they cannot possibly
get title to the land themselves.
"Of course it is possible that we
placed the price too high, but after
a careful and prolonged investiga
tion we concluded that au average
of $25. or $2.50 for waste land and
$40 for irrigable land, was reason
able. The raise, of course, atTects
only the land not yet sold.
"Since the protest has been made
I bave gone over the new contract
carefully and can see nothing that I
would do differently jf I were doing
it again. Thus far I have not
i heard one word of protest from a
j settler or an intending settler."
Investigating Party Will Come.
On Saturday a party of United
States and state officials will start
Sot this section (o make a thorough
examination of the Deschutes Irri
gation & Power Company's recla
mation system. The pirly will Ik
composed of Thomas 0. Xeuhau
eu; John T. Whistler, expert
hycjrdgrapber and in charge of the
United States Reclamation Service
in Oregon; Governor Chamberlain,
State Engineer Lewis, and ex-State
T,and Agent Oswold West.
1 ;..S. C. Caldwell's
fit fraction Engine antf Slv Wajons Will
Haul Madras Wheat to Railroad.
The Eastern Oregon Transports-
iJoniCompafi'- has ken lorgaufced
fit A5adras to liaul heavy freight to
rjud fropi tbfi failroad at' Shanikb
by means of what tney can a wagon
toad (raiu.
' The equipment for the hew com
pany, says the Pioneer, will cousist
-fnlfarj'e 70-liors power traction
fcngi ie and six large wagons built
especially Jor tuat ssrvrte. me
toad train wfll Ifave a c3Waciy of
Snore tbart'fco.ooopoiinds'of freight
or it will carry .ooo bushels of
wheat ertl eachMrip. ite wagons
u-illbe feau DOefiwtu auxiliary en-
feints to be ud IA asccildipg steep
irrades. and tHe traitl wilt maks
We Haye in Stock
Canned Goods
Teas & Coffees
about two miles an hour on an
average. It is planned to operate
the tram night and day in order to
make the trip to and from Shauiko
to Madras in about .4 hours each
way. The traction engine will be
of .1 late improved rutteni, such at
is used successfully for freighting
purposes in other localities, nhd
both engine and cars are especially
titted for travel over harrow, steep
Kates have not yet been set but
wheat will probably be hauled for
20 cents a bushel and frcicht about
35 cents a hundred. A large ware
house will be built at Madras.
It is expected to have the new
enterprise iu operation' within 30
Attorney .Myers ot LaMlaw Sas
Statements Were Misleading.
W. P. Myers of Laidluw, attor
ney for the contestant in the con
test of Gerkiug vs. Smith, does not
agree with the statements of The
Bulletin and takes exception to the
account that appeared in a recent
issue. The Bulletin obtained its in
formation from a reliable source,
but there was evidently a misun
derstanding of the facts of the case
They appeared in The Bulletin as
reported to it. Mr. Myert writes:
Iaidlaw, Oregon, July so, 1907. 1W
itor Bulletin, Bend, Oregon. -Dear Sir.
In your issue of the J6th, under the
heading. "Another Contest,"' you !
what purport to tic the fact in the con
test of G rover G. 'GerUng vs. Clump
Smith but which U so misleading as to
the facts and so unfair to Mr. J. N. II.
Gerking, tlie transferee, that I deem it
my iluty to give yoti what are the aetata
facts as shown by the testimony in the
The allegations of the contest affidavit
are substantially at givn in The HuHe
tin ami embrace the land described but
the facte developed, instead of being as
represented in your paper, are as follows.
The evidence shows that Smith made
entry of the tract m 1 9t and that be
mailc no attempt to make aunnat proof
until March, 190J, and that during that
VMrheisade all of his annual proof,
and lie ami his witnesses staled that he
had expended lane sums in building au
irrigation ditch from Tnmello creek to
the laud in contest The evidence at the
bearing devekd that Champ Smith
has m water right of record in this coun
ty and tint there is no ditch Iwlottging
to him or ever belonging to l.lm IraHmu
from the Tumcllo io llw laod in contest
Smith and his witnes. in hta Anal proof,
testified that he had tnife-ated the entire
tract, excjt about four acres, with at
least one inch of water per acre each
year for tin- yrs, while the testimony
at the bearing developed the fact tliat
there Vrrrc Jio ditcnea leading to the
laud u-tiTtsl- in 1903 and tint no part
of tl- land exevpt about y afrtfliad
ever Iteen irrigated at the time Smith
ihc Central Ore
gon Banking d&
Trust Company
acoirouATf D 1734
Capital 525,000.00
Transacts, a General Bank
ing Business.
Acts as Administrator, Hi-
ccutor or Trustee of Estates
Issue3 Drafts and liarfk
Money Orders.on all Foreign
Iriterest on Time Deposits
Safo Deposit Boxei,
Fire Insurance.
Joint Sttfol, President " ,
J. V. Sffhlilll, Vice-President and
Crslder '
AT f
j! Problems That Confront The Irrigator j
Recent Progress in the Study
King has found that even in fa
vorable Seasons iu Wisconsin,
which is in the sacullcd humid re
;ion, the rainfall does not supply
sufficient moisture to produce max
imum crops. During the season of
tSo6, in which the rainfall was nor
mal iu thut Mate, a variety of crops
was irrigated with profit, notwith
standing the fact that the irriguk
Hon plant employed was not lived
to its full cuiMcity, mid tints the
cost of irrigation was higher thun
it need be. The profit on irrigation
was on corn, $2.16 per acre; pou
toes, $11 70; clover hay (.irrlnntin
second crop onlj ), $172; cabbages,
planted thin, $2.43, planted thick,
$39 "The great lesson," says
King, "to be learned from these re
sults is that wc must have an abun
dance of water in outer that our
crops may avail themselves of the
plant food .stored in our soils; not
that water is evervthiuc, but the
fertility of the soil counts for
naught without it."
The greatest profit is derived
from irrigation where intensive
farming is practiced. Iu fact, the
practice of irrigation naturally leads
to intensive farming. In such
farming the aim should be to ccou
omize all the elements of fertility,
to utilize water, fertilizer, labor,
etc , to the best possible advantage.
If fertilizers arc used they will give
the beat returns if kept in the up
per layers of the soil, where they
cau be fully utilized by the plant
If irrigation is practiced also, the
amount of water applied should
not be excessive, otherwise the fer
tilizing materials arc cither washed
into the lower layers cf thu soil,
where they cau not be utilized by
the plant, or are entirely removed
in the drainage.
Kdmund Gain, 1 French author
ity, has shown that the require
ments of plants differ widely at dif
ferent stages of growth. His ob
servations show that it would be
very injurious to the jdant, even if
it were possible, to maintain a uni
form state of moisture iu the soil.
He observed for instance, that for
the ordinary farm crops the opti
mum, or most favorable amounts,
of moisture in the soil at different
stages of growth wire about as fol
lows: At the time of planting the
.soil should have about 25 per cent
of the total amount of water which
it ta capable of holding, then it
should fall to 15 per tint and re
main at this point until the first
leaves arc formed, when it .should
be raised quickly to nearly 40 per
cent. It should be allowed to fall
rapidly to about 25 per cent and re
main at this point until shortly lie
fore flowering, when it may be
raied gradually to 40 per cent aud
then allowed to fall rapidly to 12 or
15 percent, where it remains dur
ing fruiting and maturity. Briefly,
then, the soil should be only mod
erately nioiit at time of planting
aud comparatively dry thereafter
until the first leaves are formed,
when it should be thoroughly irri
gated. It shouldthen bv allowed
to become comparatively dry and
remain so until the flowering stage,
when it should have its moat liber
aHrrigatiou. Alter this it should
be allowed to become dry during
fruiting and maturity. Of course
this represents ideal conditions
which can not be completely se
nrool In icvot-aml
that this 10 acres was irrigated in !).
Smith stated in his final proof that no
person or corporation had any interest
or title in the land and that he lfd a
clear water right from tlie Columbia
Southern irrigation Company for 340
Inches of water for this land; the ti
dtacc at the hearing sliowcd llMt the
Coliihib)a Jxittiliefii Irrigation Comjwny
ww ryanlzcd In the lattrr part uf 190
and that tlisn Bniith made his annual
proofs and the evidence further showed
that the Columbia Southern Irrigation
Company had all the work on that tract
done, that it paid for the uorlc ttith
company checks ami the tract was
known generally as ihr "Company
l'arin"i the evidence further showed
(hat the Columbia .Southern Irrigation
Company sold this tract pf land to J. N.
11 uerKiug in, ucceiiiijcr, iom, ami
erking in, December, 1904, ami gave
a lioud fvr a Ucvd aud.n witpr right
the land unit represented to him
lie land was tile' nronrrtv of the
property of the
company and-that a warranty deed c
;t mode at any time. Mr. Oerkiug
hot agree tV. riiake the proof and
ecu cotiiu
rkiug did t
anil tuv. 1
ment nor hail he. any knowledge of the
fact tlul tjit Unci vvas;totalrcfldy proved
up and (lie title fiVtlie company until he
.11...U. ....1 1, 1... ,.,.(. i-.. km t)..ii
any knowledge of the
fpr Deed wus
niary, 1905,
of I
V "Tfc;M firT """ 'Hi yuuiit 117 me nriicir ci last
l.,ul?W,nJ Rf b.TO , , -. I "'".. Oi truly,
mauc 111s unai prooi in ren- W. r alVKItS,
, raofj man two monuis alter 1 UtoriK-y lor Contestant,
cured in practice, but it suggests
how irrigation water may be great'
ly economized at the .same time
thut the most favorable lomlltioits
Of growth ure secured lor the crop.
This alteration of ry unci wet
peiiods has another imH)ttaut point
in its lavor 011 ordiuury soils. Hit
gard has shown that it furnishes
the ideal conditions under which
the soluublc constituents of the soil
rise to the surlacc. The evaluat
ing water leaves the nutter which
It holds iu solution at the place
where it evaporates, t. e., at the
surface of the soil. It thus keeps
the valuable lertililug constituents
ot the sull within easy teach ut the
crop. On "alkali" soils, however,
uutier the above conditions the cor
rosive poisonous alkaline salts
would accumulate at the surface to
the destruction or gicat injury of
the crop.
A question of the gitatest im
portance in regionsuf deficient rain
tall or where irrigation is practiced
is the storage capacity ot the soil for
water. When the soil is thorough
ly loosened up, the amount of wat
er which it will hold ,is greatly in
creased, autl the rise of water to
the surface aud evaporation are
checked. Kxpcnmculs at the Wis
consin und N'ebrasku experiment
stations have shown the beneficial
effects iu these respects of subsoil
mg. On this point the Nebraska
station makes the following sug
gestions; Subsoil plowing, although a
mcJiis of conserving moisture, does
uol produce It, aud is, therefore,
not a substitute for irrigation where
the rainfall is too small to produce
Where there is a hard, dry sub
soil, subsoil plowing is to be recom
mended. Where tlic subsoil is loose, grav
elly, or sandy, stibsoiling is prob
ably unnecessary, or may even be
Do not subsoil when the soil is
very wet, cither above or beneath,
as there is great danger of puddling
the hoil, thus leaving it iu worse
condition than before. This is one
of the reasons why it is better to
subsoil in the fall than In the
If tlie ground be subsoiled in,tlic
fall, the winter und spring rains
haw ample opportunity to .soak iu,
that being the season of greatest
rainfall and least evaporation.
SutMoiling iu the spring may be
a positive detriment if the subsoil
be extremely dry, us in that case
) the rainwater is partially removed
trotn the young plant by the ab
sorption of the bottom Mil. If the
spring raiiih were heavy, this would
not be a disadvantage.
It is probable that the increased
yields on subsoiled lauds arc main
ly, 11 not entirely, due tu tnv in
creased amount of water which
such hind is able to store up for th
use ot the crop, bubtoil plowing
may thus tw made the means of
greatly extending the area over
whicl crops may be succecafully
grown without irrigation, a 11 d
when practiced in connection with
irrigation may result iu a grant sav
ing of irrigation water. As n di
catcd above, however, before decid
ing upon the advisability of sub
soiling it is necessary to ascertain,
among other thing, the nature and
condition of the soil and subsoil.
I'armers' Bulletin No. 56.
tlie company, through It trm-Jecr, V.
A. taidlaw, made the bond to Garbing.
There was 110 evidence showing thut
Smith had a water right from the Three
Sisters Company hut on the contrary
the ttvidenee did show that Smith hai no
water right of record in this count mid
no evidence was submitted by him to
slvow he lud any rntht or title to
any water right of any characti r.
The evidence further shows that ilflt'r
the land hail been sold to J. .V. II. f'.rrk-
lilg ami the Ilond for Deed ghen hiil
(end not tliat lie was to make proofs and
payments) K. W. Wilson, president of
tile Columlila.oiitlicrii Irrigating Com
jimy, ucceQ,,of the IrrIgatlo;i Com
pany, filed n cotiteit against Smith and
according to his pun testimony atteiipt
ed lo bent Mr, Oerklng out of the land
while Wilson's cumpuny was bound to
make Gerkiug Utle tq the laud and
while the company lud taken Clerking'
and it was not until after Wilson had
money pain in goon mini ior nils innil
rued tne coutett liiat tirovcr Gerklnir. a
son Of J. N. 11. Gerkiug. filed tlnrnrcscnl
MtitMt not nntv ai-atmi Stultli Imi
against the company and against, Wi
as president of le company.
Trusting thu't you will give tffese I
-..... .l,.:,:'..i. 11.1?. .. .,... ".,...
against the company and against, Wilton
Remember This One Thing
When in need of neat, clean;
plain and up-to-date commer
cial printing, that
The Bulletin Job Office
Prints just that kind-no other.
It will please us to have an op
portunity to show you what we
can do. You will be pleased,
When You Read a Newspaper
Why not read a newsy newspaper otic that
gives all the news? The Iltiltetiu has that repu
tation. ' ' Aud furthermore, it intends to live up to its
1 It not only reports thu ntws faithfully each
week, but it also 1ms an irrigation department In
which much information U givtti of value to the
man who irrigate. If you study thete articles
it may save you many dollars on it year's crop.
Can You Afford to Be
Kxuftscczia ta&Gmr&ctuvuBBgfiB&&f5BKB!a
Criniuery at I'rlnevllle.
Construction work was begun
the first uf thu week on thu cream
ery that is to be established r.t
Prinavillc. It will be rapidly
pushed to completion. The work
is in chatgc of I,. II. Zietuer of
Monroe & Shcltou, creamery deal
ers, of rortlaiid. Mr. Sterner is att
experienced man at the work of
constructing creamery plauu and
his personal suocrvisou will be giv
en fo (he one to be built here,
The machinery for the plant has
left Shaniko am JivIH arrive here in
n few days. ' fl'Iie committee ap-
Kmicu iy tile tlic stockholders to
)k up 11 sie for( f he new industry
decided on It place in the northwest
part of town',1 ' The wuter supply
aud, all details have been carefully
worked out.
ConildLr'ngXhe prcient prices of
the creamery product itlyvotlld 'item
that this" enterprise shblild become
a paying proposition from the start.
Mr. iietner expects to have the
plant in running order in less tbifn
a month audtr ttibrotfdb trial win
Ifcf'lflvhi it before the autumn
Without Tim
ins maclin
K' CT'tinSJr-l-O-n Alkr4ltjL.r.
Naltlonil Sewlni Hkfifne G-J(,
Bulletin? S
1 ' m ." i" a1 -j
EnHB'IHM by buytns