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About The Bend bulletin. (Bend, Or.) 1903-1931 | View Entire Issue (April 12, 1907)
The bend bulletin
l "For every man luiunns deal) hb
'c and no more."
V ' .- -r - ' T'
MlAlU.i-S t). lidlK .
nejtsf ........ .. -j
months ....HM...- ,................. ro
hret nionthi.. wwwwi. i. - $
(InVsrUMr In sdvsnc.)
. t 1
. lit I ' 1 1
n III ' I I. '
It is nood news, that .conies this
week vKJiUhe naholiHcetncut that
;hcre has bech 'la "change y Iht
stockholders and in thc manage'
aientof the Columbia fioiitlicrn If ri
oting Company; good now? because
t promises that the trouble, which
has existed between the state land
board and Ibis company for the last
ear or longer will now be brought
to an end. tybile no oflidsl an
nouncement has come from the
State land board to show that the
pew management has agreed to the
' propositions demanded by the
$oard, yet it is natural to believe
that such agreement will be made,
because that is the only manner in
ivhicb. the stockholders can protect
themselves and save their contract
&om being cancelled. Further
sore, the new management announ
ces that it will proceed with the
reclamation of its 27,000 acres, that
t will build the necessary rcser
. oire, and that it will prepare to
"Urnish water to homesteaders and
others owning land not in the com
Tmy,s,ceErcgation.,i Thi, of course,
tAU not be done until the com
pany's entire segregation is re
tlaimejd and it is shown that there
j sufctfent water for the other
"auJ' When this surplus water is
CSa-lablvbowsver, lb will mean
Wiich tp -those settlers who own
ralliab!c lands that can be" watered
rom the Columbia Southern
, Witli n cofj-jjraay at the" head of
this projsct'that intends to act in
ood fdith, there is no reasbn why
it should hot be one of the Ixst
reclamation projects in the West.
Cf here will be a sufficiency of water
"When ttiL reservoirs are built, the
soil is fertile, 'iuile free? 'from rock
Undofgood depth, 'is section
possesses the latent possibilities off
making splendid homes for hun
dreds ot people,. What is needed
to accomplish this result is p. com
pany that will act in good fdiih in
the reclamation of the land., indi
tuitions are now such as to warrant
uc in Hie belief that thencv man
agement will so proceed.
Vice iWideift Fairbanks, the
man who has the .presidential bee
luzzing so vociferously in his bon
'. t-t, loaned his committee room in
hc nation's capitol to a set of railroad
lobbyists during the time the rail
road "Rate Dill" was under con
sideration by congress. II. T.
Newcomb,' "one of the moit effi-
tent lobbyists in Washington,
was installed in that room with a
'orce of clerks and typewriters.
kud yet Fairbanks is seriously
ti earnest in his (uest of the re
. ublican nouiiuatiou for president.
The only manner in which he emu
Vvef seize that nomination would
je by the domination of the repub-
tea", convention by the railroad
Uud Other coiporate interests; the
.eople would uever give it to
Mm. Thii more probable result
U ill be that Fairbanks will be so
ar frdjtt the coveted gal' at the end
lhat he will not eveh know' he was
"u the race. Think of a Fairbanks
.ucceeding "thafrnan Roosevelt!"
! With the railrbad building into
Jend aid witli the accompanying
ievelortnent in full swinfj, there
should be Inn organization Ht this
place v.)ioe object is to advertise
lend and the lfend country, collect
"xhibitsofgrat,and luniber, etc.
Lnd place tcm ou exhibition;
th'erjrtformatidn and- spread it
rcadcait. 7u rhort ar organiza
liou that will have- every man,
woman nlHl child enthused with
the great possibilities of this region
so that when a strangct appears in
ottriiuidst he can not help but see
the public spirit of progrcssiveness
that douiitmtes everyone nlld every
thihg. There is hi spicitdhl field in
Ucnd for a "push" club, "booster"
clllb or something o that nature.
Let the good work begin.
AVhcn the Oregon Trtytk Line
begins to build into CouUal Ore
gon, then watch the dirt begin to
fly "xm the extension of the Corval
lis & Eastern.
Running an. Driving Homes Bought
(or Baldwin Sheep Ranch.
Mr. and Mrs. J. G. Kdwards
were expected home at Hnycrcek
yesterday, from art-, extended visit
in France and Ilngland, where
they spent the winter mouths.
While in Europe, it is reported
that Mr. Kdwards bought some
very fine stock for the D. S. & L.
Company, including a number of
ruuuing and driving horses, which
will form the nucleus of a band of
blooded horses nt the Ilaycreek
ranch. The Baldwin company is
turning its attention to the pro
duction of blooded boras as well
as thoroughbred sheep, and last
year a notable importation of Shire
horses for draft purposes was
made, to wuicli tins year s minor
tation will add runners and trotters,
Topics UcarW on School Questions
m. ri 1 m 1 r-i . , In such a deep soil trees and vines
The Crook County Educational t d ,',, of ,0 lo
KiT?0 ' kM, IrS' ?arnrc 30 feet iii soils free and fertile to
w-k''o,"e,V,1,rC Spr?s"-,Cnt!nd'tb-. depth having been reiK-atelly
Miss Ruth Reid of Uend is vice- .: .' , ..,1 .u 1 uri.i,
president, will hold an educational j
union. Countv huocrintenucnt IJiti-1
... . 1
widdic, and the corps of teachers
ic. ana tne corps ot eac ners ;
Itbe Crook county high school
he Pnnevillc public schools
anu mc rrincviuc puuuc scuoois
mil w iiitx-ui, nu uikui tutim-
ill a .4 !..
tion is extended to the public and a I
large attendance is expected and
desired. The tnecting'will be held
tt r-.r . ... 1
in the It. M. ball. The program
will be as follows;
OpcnlnK Sons. :
AU(lro 01 welcome... r. W. h. MC-01
Discussion. .Text Hooks, How I'unutlied
Solo Miss Marion I,. Wlest
l'jpcr Nature Study in School
DiKussion loyalty to Teachers
lAM by v-iui. i), kohc
C. S. Ilcnson
Primary Heading Demomtrated
Mrs. l'. l." Smith !
Information Concerning Ulghth (Jradc
Three examinations, annually, in each
county. County sJriiitcillenU to se
lect ntontus lor tiHrtr respective eoutiue.
I HI .May lb. 17, ir?.
(C) June 13. 14. i'7.
SejvtemUr 19, 30, 190;.
Thursday Arithmetic, writiuit,
history ami civil government.
Ill) rnaaya (,raHiMtar, ttnyatology.
geography, and spelling.
soimcK or aoumoNS.
Questions in the fallowittK subjects
mill be taken from the following source:
(a) ('eograpliy State Course of
Study; the coarse print in f rye's Hie
mentk of Ceouraohv; man iuetMn in
both coarse ami fine print d Fry s Kle-
""bj'VlTingKfiJhty per cent, from !
miscllaneou test words in Heed's
Word Ussons, aud ao per cent, from ,
fr.ni manuscripts. ,
(1) lneu-iie Keens Graded I.esv
sons in I'.iiulish. no dbuirammiiiK.
(e Civil Oorvniment United SUtes
(f II.ist07-I.Ut of topics from His
tot v Outlim in State Course of Study
ami tufVuit f'.itnu.
examiuutlous for this
ill Ix! ih January, 3
ih January, May and Hep-
teniber. If necesMry, I mey jjne spcciul
examiuatiuii in June.
C. II, Ii.XM'innii!,
bounty School Kupcrintendeut.
f'An Appreciative ybscriber. '
f..t. Mich., Atiril.-t? 1907 IJilitor I
I)eife'Hullctiu, lleuif. Ortljon. Dtar Kir
Caw't'et aloiiK witliott The Ilullctii) '
Plu.r.. find enclosed dsft for f I 50. v H
maj seem queer to you (x think a papi 1
would be.' iuy, inter t so far fio.n
home, but The Dullet u i-ia vey x
cor v'sito eali wftek. Kcicctfplly,
M AT, JWRI
mi-tt(trv nt Iltrl rmrwrt noatiinn 1
' "' . "v. '"'"TX" . . b Meet cultivation to prcv
?aJuv?.' V"1 t3ma.y o ciock. surfacc cvaporation w
sirs. iiiKins, inc presmeni 01 uie ,, - ,
Problems That Confront The Irrigator.
Irrigation in fruit Growing
t'tem Vsrnirr' liultetlii Nn t(. Ui'iol tiytlit
l? ft. l)i'itmcnt of A.iktlllurt.
DKK1 SOU.. -
The third condition- essential to
the highest cflcctivwitM of adequate
cultivation in the. production of
fruits is a deep solh This is the
direction in which the Miils of arid
regions arc uniquely eminent and
the full significance of soil depth is
only now coming to be recognized.
Rich, deep soils have been pre
scribed for triiits from time imme
morial, but formerly this concep
tion proceeded chiefly upon the
vast amount of plant food thus
rendered available. Depth as a
condition of water holding is not
less important. In iact, in pro
ceeding by cultivation to escape
irrigation, water holding is the rul
ing function, because any amount
of plant food is useless without ade
quate moisture to render it avail
able. It is proper to think of a
deep soil ns a great subterranean
reservoir as well ns a great storc
houe of plant lood. Into this
reservoir the water sinks through
the surface, roughly broken t the
beginning of the wet season, pass
ing to the lower strata so teadily
that large downpours arc quickly
absorbed and n large volume of
water is thus taken below for the
use of the trees during the tollow-
tug summer, iiicsuriacc. uy tue
(coarseness of the
'kept from puddli
soil particles, is
ing, ana can ne
ri'iilnivf! or cultivated duriiltr the
wct seaM)n jf desirable to prevent
rank. n Krowth ol wcs' r
turn under a green manure crop
. -vaiI,i.Ie wa,,.r .,., t)cr.
cut loss ly
nmrMl flirminli n
l. w- ....u . aii.) i..t. ....&
growing and fruiting season cover-
j h lf ,e wlUl0Ut a t,
ofbraiI alvvays manifesting the
.f c3t t'llrifl nnd vigor ., fact,
r..u. ,t(rift n.l vi.nr
UStVJk tttV tlkwii
. ,.. Mrt, .r ,i, p-JHr. ,,
whcre t)je wntcr rnlnfaIl s ,,.
usuallv heavv and fall frosts jharn-
est, cultivation lias to be stoppra
late in the summer to allow a cer
tain nmmtnt of drvinc of the soil
to induce the tree to ston its cxten-
" , 7 ...
sioti aim mature its wood season
ably. On the other hand, in other
parts of the coxst with lea's danger
of frosts the cultivation cover of the
Foil reservoir is maintained until
the opening oi the succeeding rainy
season to support late growth and
to carry over n part of the con
served moisture to protect the trees
in case the Idllowing year's ratniaii
should be seunt. In this deep soil
storage of water lies the secret of
the drought endurance of trees in
the arid region. They are pre
pared for drought by deep rooting
111 p. protected reservoir of moisture.
The contrast is seen in the be
havior of trees on uncultivated
shallow soils in the humid regions
of tlm country and Europe, where
a few weeks of drought destroy
vast values in fruit crops and crip
ples the tree for following years.
There are instances in abundance
also in the arid region where the
soils are not deep enough to form
such a reservoir as has been de
scribed For these reasons cultiva
tion can not always guarantee the
thrift am, illcce 0f the tree, but
unquestionably ill orchards which
have been kept as ture fieldx,
or where very slack cultivation has
ice praQtjci there are many in-
.unci of deep soils which have
not been able to discharge, their
proer function in supporting tliu
sutmner thrift and iriiitim' of
trees' because their leservoir
cover has never been opened
to" receive the full rainfall,
atlU in uever closed to retain such
part pf It as they did refpive. In
lofmy places, therefore, cultivation
may completely rcmov. the neces
sity "of irrigation.
"'JISN IS fRRIGATlOfc'pfc.SIKABUt?
Otivjoiisly, when the best work
for moisture reception nnd reteu
tion is done by the fruit grower
and still the ticc shows distress
during drtitlght uud becomes irrev
tthir in bcitritig tit regions to which
it is well suited, or when the fruit
is nut of satisfactory sire and qual
ity even when the trees arc proper
ly ptHutd nnd thiued, it is muully
desirable to secure irrigation to
supplement the natural moisture
supply. This assumes that the
study t)f the behavior of the tree is
the bdlt gttide to nu understanding
of its" needs This is plainly the
conclusion to be drawn front long
experience in Western irrigated
regions. While it is perfectly true
that there is a direct relation be
tween the normal rainfall uud the
need of irrigation, and the general
prevalence of irrigation may, to 11
certain extent, be uiapt)ctl upon
the curves of least rainfall, it is al
so true that large rainfalls do not
necessarily free a locality from the
necessity of irrigation. This fact
has been foreshadowed in the dis
cussion of cultivation If it should
appear that n normal rainfall of 15
inches is cnouu'h to assure the pro
fitableness of deciduous fruits in
some valleys, it would not 1 safe
to assume that 40 or even 50 inches
would prelude the necessity of
irrigation in others. As a matter
of fact, a rainfall of 40 inches
might destroy many fruit trees on
a level stretch of heavy soil by
long .submergence of their roots in
some places, while 40 inches in
another place, poured Uxin a shal
low, unretciitive soil, might not
bring an enrly peach to perfection.
It is therefore unsafe to write an
irrigation precriptiou upon a rain
fall record. Reasonable accuracy
could be secured by a formula
which includes rainfall, soil, slojte,
depth, and character, summer
tcuicrature, and atmospheric
humidity, and character of the tree:
but Urn would involve wearisome
computations. Moreover, all theo
retical forecasts based upon com
puted moisture requirements and
local rainfall are apt to include
wide errors. The study of the tree
and its fruit is most satisfactory,
to the practical fruit gtower nt
From wide observations in many
regions for many years it is possi
ble to mention the iollowlnn as
(t) There are wide differences
in the moisture requirements, not
only of the different kinds of fruit
trees, but of the early and late
varieties of the same fruit.
Ci) Trdesof the citrus family
require much more water than
those which drop their leaves dur
ing a part of the year.
(3) Hut all evergreen fruit trees
do not require more water than all
deciduous fruit trees; for example,
the olive will bear welt with less
water than is required by n jicach;
still, satisfactory olives must not be
expected unless the tree has what
it needs for free growth.
(4; The needs of nil trees arc
conditioned udoii their age and
work. A moisture supply which
may bring satisfactory growth to
young trees may not enable the
same trees to bear regularly aud
(f) Shallow-rooting fruit plants,
even if well cultivated, may lierish
during a drought which will have
no evil effect uiKiti fruit trees and
vines 011 the SNiue soil, because of
the deep rooting of the Utter.
Kvideutly, then, conclusions as
to the desirability of irrigation
must be drown witli due knowl
edge of the general requirements of
the growth contemplated, as well
as character of the laud to be nluut
d, but there are specific needs of)
the tree pertaining to its different
phases of growth and fruiting
which are also Involved in the
question of when Irrigation is de
mrnble, I.oug observation of these
phenomena in 11 region where there
has been extended practice both
wjtli nnd without irrigation may
yield 30111c facts, widely significant,
of moisture requirement, as learned
,ce, 10 compare witli tlie
ons reached by syMcnintic
, ''Jfo U- coiiiliHii'd.;
'Crook Goimty ReaKCo.
Heal L'Aitf Bbullan'ii JplX
Ltts nn J Accident
, 07j:ck .11 U9.U. iii ru;isin3 satis, ctcscii
Bocauso wo aro soiling tho samo and bettor
k quality at a closor margin Is 0 Very good
i, rcaBon why you will find our storo tho
bosk fclaco to buy anything In tho lino of
Groceries, Drygoods, Furnish
ings, Shoes, Hardware, Sash and
Doors, Paints and Oils
The PINE TREE STORE
y. A. SArilLK, I'KOPKUirOK
(tough, Surfaced nnd (Moulded
All Widths, LeiiKths mid Thicknesses
SI II PL AT
T. &0. 1'I.OOKINO
Reasonable KAmU CHU.IMO Lambcr
WINDOW JAM 113 IMUertA nt
Prices WINDOW CASINO "&,,
aood HKAD 111.0CKS inhere on
O. 0. IIASKIIUAKU ,. . 7 r
Orndcs htaik trkaiw J n 11.
l)ry WATKR TAIII.IC llicl). I. 5 1.
O. O. HATTINS W., or
SOCk MOULDINGS n'8 & i. I. Co.
I H. I). I'ATHNT KOOI'INO
.it , .. -rtti-
' ' ' S its
cUsioM Pfcno mill in cJnnhction.
Pilot Butte Development
C. S. BENSON;
ATTORNEY At LAW
W. P. MYERS
TwIt r-n tffitil (rtiwtMc bfM Ikr t. I
IWl OM(C HW IfeUMIMMHt ( llMC lHlur.
U. C. COE, M. D.
Physician and Surgeon
Ofl'ICU OVRR IIAXK
III tliobt Cclcpbou. Connection
DAY TItl.Kl'IIONK NU. 2t
HI(NI) - ORISON
I)K. I. L. SCOPIEIJ)
Oftlc ju retlilmce 011 lUvUlionie Ave.
U. D. WICKIIAA1
Attornoy -, at - Law
oi'i'ici: tH hank ni;ii,i)iNo,
Ml 1.1 ID, . - , OHIJOON
idn.Llnl II, King
'. Julill K KulI'Mjl
Klng Guerln KoHack
l 1'lCI.Hl" ','
61a Mc y IIIiIk ,
I'd, Hill, Oirxuii
Wl UiV"' K' lo '! 10111 NiimKin rh
r, Mil ' iiikI (IciiMslJL'i riKrulUiu I,uw,
M. V. TUH-bEV, M. D.
Ifliyalclnn n Surgeon
IIFWCK 1.1 Jlill.lMfc ItUtK. OK WAM. IT.
J. II. HANIIK,
ABSTIMCTER of TITLES
I'll taimfttm, Ml liMHrsw. Mnlf Hawdi.
Hl HmU. CHtrMH
Mrs! National Bank
Cnpltnl, Surplus nnd Undhlded
II I' Allrii
T M H.MwIu
Poland Cliinri Boar
Stock and Hrkh for Sule
,'fJ. C. PARK
Ki:iiMON, . ORHC.O.N
C. H. ELUS
Garpcnfer and toiler
Till! llly HU ft t ?
i'" or oui'tfutt