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About The Bend bulletin. (Bend, Or.) 1903-1931 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 16, 1906)
THE BEND BULLETIN
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(ess nrnl no more."
Otic year .w............. ... ..,,... j.i3
i x mont)...........-............
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(Itimrtkbir in ailHc.)
HOW TO RKMIT.
Remit by bank draft, jKWtal tivoitt'
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Stae srjd Mat! Schedule.
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l'ntierllte ...... a. a. daily
41w Lake...-., -
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M'ed., and Vii.. i a. m
aceix Semday ....... ,. m.
rnrr i i: m Week days; la. B.tor-.
Sun.iy . m n a. at. to tf B.. and hall
: i-irr i '' of alt mail troM railroad
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ITUDAY, NOVEMBUR 16, 1906.
A SUCCbSSFUL PARMHR'S OPINION
In conversation with a ruosper
0 is l .11 mer this week The Bulletin
v as impressed by a statement he
rude relative to the best method ot
r: king a success of agriculture in
ti;s upper Deschutes valley. This
rtner has made money at his bust
- !-. an c!d Irrigator, end knows
v hereof he speaks. He deplore
lite too evident inclination of many
m w comers to turn their whole at-t-
ntion to grain raising, aud states
that those who do that exclusively
will certainly make a failute of
The foundation of successful
Urmmg, as this gentleman believes,
-- the cow. the hog, aud the hen.
Hvery farm should have a goodly
number of tbeie wealth producing
animals and fowls. Then, instead
ti raising so much grain, put in
-r crul acres to root crops, such as
c rrots, rutabagas, turnips, etc.
T.'tse yield abundantly here and
re excellent food for both cows
j .1 hogs threat milk and fat pro
i ci.r. T!n rancher has produced
. ::t tons of carrots to the acre this
'-.tonm,', ground aud has re-
.-.d 511 per ton for them or $88
p : acre. Deluding the small cost
v ceding cure aud harvest aad
v u have a nice profit left.
With a supply of root crops, 'the
uj tti-r of feed for stock, is largely
j tiled. The man with a few milch
. s, then 'hould make motley.
.iter iu B ml will average close
i'j cent-, a p. mud the year around
Am one who has ew been to the
i.urv buhincss will tali you that
tie re is a iutulsome profit in that
And then there are the bens.
J.'s at present are so scarce here
tLat the housewives go begging
r tbeu at 40 cents a doaen. A
K"0dly number of laying hens 011
every ranch would thus be a great
wealth producer and would help
materially iu making the rancher
-.uccessful. They would help him
to pay his debts and build up a
. 'intertable home for old age. Tlie
hen i3 one of the very greatest
wealth producers in American agri
culture, contributing annually
about $300,000,000 to the agricul
tural output. There should be
more hens iu the upper Deschutes
At present good pork is consid
ered almost a delicacy in Uend it
is so scarce. There is no danger
that the market will be overstocked.
Raise loot crops, then fatten hogs
on those crops, with the help of at
little gram. There should be more
pens with grunting porkers in them.
Diversified farming is the farm
ing that pays. That should be the
kiud practiced in the Upper Des
Theory is said to be the pathfind
er of discover', but it takes exper
ience to pilot it ou the way.
Problems That Confront The Irrigator.
Flooding: in RcctmiKtitnr Checks.
I'looditie in rectruitnilar checks
has been largely superseded by the
use of contour checks, except iu
orchard, vineyard, and garden
work. Unless the land is very
nearly on a level, much earth ha.s
to be shifted iu making the rectan
gular inclosures, and the levees are
of irregular heights, while levees
on contour lines are practically
uniform. There is, consequently,
vreater difficulty iu passing machin
ery over theiu. ifor orchard nnd
vineyard, where the rectnugulnr
arrangement of the trees and vines
continually interferes with contour
work, rectangular checks are wide
ly used where the character, of the
soil calls lor floodiug. They may
be large, inclosing quite an area of
vine or trees, or they may lie very
asiuau, even out 10 teei square.
I'liis. of course, depends upon the
grade of the laud.
for the growth ot garden truck,
also, the rectangular arrangement
accords with the rows iu which such
products are (trowu. Iu such cases
the laying off is temporary, as when
the crops are gathered, or at the
end of the season's succession of
crops, the levees are plowed down,
and then the whole field thoroughly
plowed and harrowed and the levee
system restored, sometimes by
backing furrows each way and flu-
itmnz witn rinr.o tools or ry using
a ridger. etc.
Iu small gardens it may be
thought better to retain the levee
system and work the bottoms of the
checks with fork or spade, accord
ing to the usual methods of hand
power gardening. Iu field work on
level land the checks may be so
large that teams are used inside the
levees, and iu that case the irriga
tion arrangements are permanent.
f Whether, however, the levees be
temporary or permanent, the water
is applied about the same way de
scribed last week for the contour
Iu the most satisfactory work in
rectangular checks the check bot
toms are approximately leveled by
scraping the hummocks into the
low places, using surplus dirt for
the levees. Crading or leveling
very desirable aud the initial cost is
returned many times over iu the
ease and satisfaction with which
the water is evenly distributed in
side the check. This is often done
by running small furrows between
the plants in the check bottoms so
that the water is led this way aud
that until all the plants are equally
The Daprasced lied.
The depressed bed, largely used
in the growing of vegetables and
small fiuits, is reully a form of rec
tangular checking. In this ease,
however, the levees are widened so
that they are not merely boundaries
to confiue the spread of the water
to the inclosed areas, but they are
also made to carry water to these
areas by small raised ditches which
are mad upon their tops. It is
best for light, sandy loam, which
has slight reter.tiveuess and there
fore loses moisture rapidly both by
FAPMS, TIMBER LANDS
and Town Property
BOUGHT and SOLD.
CAM, O:; OK
THE CROOK COUNTY
Bend Livery & Transfer Go.
W. J. RODISON, Proprietor.
i LIVERY, arid PEED STABLE
Horses Boardrd ny tub- Day, Wekk ou Month
First-Class Livery ; Rigs, Ur Rent( Thorie No. 15
Jlotuitret, Utwta MuuctoU aiut.Oiegou,
drniuac and sutface evaporation
and must be frequently irrigated.
Shallow rooting plants like straw
berries, which would peri.sh b the
methods ot irrigation employed for
them on more retentive soil, aud
which will lie described presently,
make very sati factory growth and
have along fruiting season if grown
iu a depressed bed, especially if they
Hre mulched well wilh rotten stiaw
or coare manure and the water al
lowed to distribute itself under this
cover by admission Irotu the raised
ditch at several points at the same
time The ditch at the surface level
is much lcs satisfactory iu such
work; consequently it is run along
the top of the levee. This arrauge
meut is particularity adapted to
very light soils, as stated, aud espe
cially in the hotter twits of the arid
region, where w-uer has to lie
applied once or twice a week to
shallow rooting plants and where
the shading of the ground by a
mulch lowers its teuqierature and
protects the roots Irout hat, which
would be apt to destroy them iu
spite of the frequent use of water
alone. Thi recourse take the
place ot mulching and sprinkling
and is vastly better for a hot, arid
locality. The sprinkled water flies
off from the mulch with great
rapidity und much water is ued
with little benetit to the plant, while
the filling of the depressed bed
from the ditch and spreading the
water through and under the
mulch is very economical of water
and of most direct advantage to
For the hot, dry season of the
year, in places wbete there is no
danger 01. supersaturating the soil,
the depressed bed is available for
all kinds of vegetables aud small
fruits and flowers, and the use of
this system is really the secret of
success in growing them iu some
It is quite widely employed also
by market gardeners and others,
even where heat is not excessive,
but where a light, sandy soil jtre
dotninates A prominent example
of this is iu the sand hills south of
Sau Francisco, where the vegetable
growers, who are largely natives
of the Mediteiraneau countries.
have translormed large areas of
hillsides into terraces and on these
have arranged depressed beds,
chiefly of quite small areas, and
are growing large quantities of
garden truck. The water is raised
by windmills aud pumps from
wells in the low places and deliv
ered into small flumes which run
from the windmill towers to the
opposite hillsides, supported by
very light, high trestles. The
water is then, after supplying the
highest terrace, conveyed most in
geniously by troughs or small
ditches from terrace to terrace until
ull the beds have been filled. The
terraces are so narrow and the beds
on them so small and irregular iu
shape that depressing them and fill
ing them from time to time seems
about the only available way to
make use of such little corners of
leachy soil. The system calls for
an immense amount of hard hand
work, but the Mediterranean im
migrant seems born to it. Farm
ers' Bulletin No. 138.
Timber Claims and Homesteads located, sur
veyed and estimated.
REAL ESTATE CO.
ecnuso wo nro soiling fho samo and better
quality at a closer margin, is a very good
reason whv vou will find our store tho
1 best placo to buy anything in tho lino of
! Groceries, Drygoods, Furnish
ings, Shoes, Hardware, Sash and
Doors, Paints and Oils
wtt. iwm WT WW1M
The PINE TREE STORE :
I!. A. SAI'MI.R. PROPRII-IOR i
KmiXli, Surfaced anil Moulded
All Widths, Lengths
T. & n. FLOOR I NO r "
Reasonable KAl)lSP CKlUNG lmh
WIN'DOW JAMRS li-i'-
Prices window CASING wiiicriw ni
(iood HKAI) 1II.0CKS , '! Cost
O. 0. BASIJHOAUD lierc
Tirades STAIR TRUADS The Lands of
Drv WATKR TAIII.K Tlie ". I. & l.
O. 0. HATTINS Co., or
Slock MOULDINGS T,1C C- S-1. Co.
I. II. I). l'ATIJNT HOOFING
FUNCU PICK UTS
CUSTOM I'lifil) MILL IN CONNHCTION.
Pilot Butte Development
BEND, - OREGON
. waaaw iMlUiim liiWi jm lll iHHHallUnlliiUBltimiilllis nmmvmmmwrwmmwmtraBm4
C. S. BENSON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Bend, - Oregon.
W. 1. MYERS
Twclvf ara ptdat ixactlcc brfofc th V. a.
I,aad oflk aait Itepartmrut of lb luUrior.
Alau gcaaral practlc.
Office, - I.AIW.AW, OKR.
U. C. COE, M. D.
oiwieu ovjui bank
Physician and Surgeon
TW.KI'HONK XO. 21
nitNI) - 0KHG0N
DR. I. L. SCOFIELD
nNI), - - - OKKGON
OfTice iu residence on Hawthorne Ave.
R. D. WICKHAM
Attorney - at - Law
OI'l'ICl! OVJUt HANK
IJIJNI), - - OKKGON
Harness and Shoe
Dnn!.'. I liavc 0eiicd a re-
Co. 'a barn, mid will carry a full line of
harness rctairt; alto whips, curry combs,
brushes, blankotH, etc. Jiriui! in your
Will also continue to repair shoes.
atclEK3B(ax3SEIEKBXsauS9a b30d rafMa
J. II. IIANIiR,
ABSTRACTER of TITLES
ftrr laaurancr, Ml laaurnncr. Surety Sand.,
ktal Katal. Cnnv. janrlng
First National Bank
Capital, Surplus mid Undivided
T. M NaMuiii
Crook County Really Co
Real Estate Hought and Sold.
Life mid Accident
OmCH IN HULLRTIN MUiMIINO IIHNII,OIIMH)N
Tulci'raius Forwarded to Any Part
of the World.
with l'ortlaml, I'riuovillu and hII
Pacific Coast cities.
Public Pay Stations
iu Hank IlulriiuK at Henri, nt Laid
law and Powell liutlcs.
MunseuKcr bervice to any part of
Crook County bouth of Crooked
Modesty is 1111 admirable fjoality,
but it doesn't always Ket you what
N0TICI5 FOR PrilliK'ATlOV.
I' S l.niMlomiT. 'Ilit" INll., (HcfUi,
NmtniWr i, iuiA
TO WHOM IT MAY VONCKMN
Nultrr la Imaliy alirtn I but th Stall nflrrt"H
Ima ninl in thl fWt th KiltawlHf Hal "f lamU.
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Miwl Office, Vn)iliiklHii. I C.
MICIIAltl, T. NOLAN, Hmlilcr.
ANNI! M I.AN0, Ke.lcr.
I.nt Ofncc at The lliillet, (irriiHii,
Nolloe of the almve aiiillillun will lie picli.
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il.lli.hnl nrarcl the luml tle.crlhc.1 in wil'l li.
I19JI MICIIA111, T. NQI.AN. Knl.lgr.
It is easier! to keen n frteiul Hum,
to recover him. wlit-h lost.