Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Bend bulletin. (Bend, Or.) 1903-1931 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 4, 1905)
Second Trial of Land Fraud Cases
Not So Loiifj as First,
JUDGE DENNETT IS PUGNACIOUS
liiidonvortjlo Tangle Up Oovornmonl
Witnesses Testimony Similar to
Tlmt of Ilia First Trial.
Portland, July 2ft. Thu II rut day'
work in tint NVilllutimoti trial has
iliown two things; win, that tliu tlmo
:oumiined will hi all probability not bo
to long as In tho Unit hearing; tliu
otlmr, that tlm dofoiiau In going to lino
tlm teidlinuny ol the first trial as it tilth
v 1 1 1 1 which to ehiutlini tlm witucHiica
for tlm government, throw them into
vonfuslnn It Knnlble, unil Hutu weaken
tliu form of thnlr testimony hiiforo tlm
Judge Hewlett's pugnacious tiro
examination of tint threo witnesses
Campbell Duncan, Hon I". Jones unil
Frank Itity, watt tlm feature. Ukiii
tlm opening of tlm trial the government
flritt cull ml Duncan, who told tlm same
tory relatix! tit the ll rut trial of having
taken up a claim at tlm suggestion 'f
-OiHiimr ami with tlm understanding
that Im should got 7ft for It when miI
vnted. Tlm direct examination wan
short mid to tlm txiliil. Mr. ilitimy
taking advantage of thu knuwlcdgu
gained at tlm first trUI to eliminate nil
loiporlloii iiiattiir ami recitation. Tlm
rme wh tlm with tlm evidence
given by Junes mid Itay, hut wlmu tlm
wltni'HBCH were turned over to thu de
fense they wore given an unpleasant
tliim hy Judge HiMiimtt) who questioned
t li fin an to thnlr testimony nml hroiiKlit
them face to tacit with what they hml
until In tlm former trial.
TIiIh catechism rulnted particlarly to
tlm cross-examination nl tlm previous
trial when tlm questions hml heeii nsk
ed hy Judge Heuuelt. Themt questions
-worn tunny nl them leading In nature
nml ran with tlm pteedlng tesllmohy,
o that when thu witnesses, particular
ly liny, worn nuked If they hail Hindu
vorlaln aiinMHrii they denied tlmiu,
though holding still to tin Intent ami
purMtt of tlm llrst statement made.
Tlm meaning In many Initanres wan hc
copied iin what hail licon meant though
tlm oxaul language wan denied.
ANXIOUS FOn HIS PLUNDEH.
3r and Kalinr May Hiwo Discussed
Alliance in Far East.
St. Petersbiiurg, July 2fi. There In
u growing liellof hero that tlm ittlltmlu
Ooriimny linn aviumed in t-nuuection
with the situation In thu Far Kant, nnd
the meeting liotwcen tlm rar and knlN
vr nre dim to a desire on tlm part of tlm
iorinan government to safeguard her
own Intercut in China and to secure
hernelf in tlm xieslou of Kiaochau.
China's ntlltuilii recently, Insofar na
(lorinnny In concerned, linn not Im-cii of
tlm friendliest, and her deiiinnd that
nlm I mi consulted In connection with tlm
hhu negotiation In thought to indi
cate that iihu hoped to recall ceded tur
rltorv. IniMiiiueh iin Japan Iiah signified her
willliigutwHi (4) have L'lilna resume tlm
control ol nil Maiichurin under curtain
milegusrds, tlm mikado's government It
believed to favor n demand hy China
that tlm territory now held hy other
Kiwum under treaty obligation I mi red
ed Imck to Chliui, and that nil portu in
tlm I'lowery Kingdom Iki Hindu okmi
Kirti, subject to no nimroiiN trade regu.
lalinn nnd nil commerce having cnal
I: ranee, denplte her proverhlal hntrctl
of Germany, could Imi hwiiiik into line
for (Kiiicnrltsl notion In tlm l''ar Kant, n
hur.poHihiuN would ho endangered
Mliould h united China Imi piHHillile.
With Itinmla, (liirmany nnd l'rancu no
liiK In unity, they would he it factor to
reckon with, they would Ik In a pool
tion to honotlt Krcntly thuruhy.
Carter Will Not floilgn.
OyNtor Itay, July 1!5. A coimldorn-
tlon of Hawaiian affalra occupied thu
preHldcnt'H attention for Huvvrnl houra
today. Ho had un n K'lcit for luncheon
and duriiiK thu Kivnterpnrtof tlm after
noon (leorgu It. Carter, Kovernorof Ha
waii, who enmu to Oyntitr Hay doturin
loed to renlKii litn olllclal ponltlon to ce
4'apo nuuoyaiu'u to which ho him been
mihjectcd. Thu prcHldcnt not only do
ollncd to accept IiIh reulnnatlon, hut
told him to ko hack to Honolulu nnd ho
tjhould have thu full uupport nnd nyin
jiathy of thu national ntlniliilntralton.
, Tnft Party In Japan.
Yokohama, July U5. Hoorotnry of
"Vr Tuft nnd party rwolved u iloinon
Htrutivu wulrouiu to Japan, thu princi
pal lmlldliiKH, etreetH nud wlmrvcH of
thlH city ami thu HhlppliiK lu thu hiir
lior IiuIiik isally decorated. A nolhy
ilnp!ay of dayllnht llrownrkn hIouk the
HtreetH fronting thu hnrhor rnimonnced
thu arrival of tho HtcaniBhlp Manchuria
nt thu (iiarantlno KroundH at 7 o'clock
thin inornliiKi nnd continued until thu
VesBol waa dockud.
Twelvo Burnos to Death.
Houston, Tex., July 25. Tho loss of
life in thu Humhlu flro, an near as can
lio dutormiuud, Ih 12, hut no imiuoa can
Im ascertained. Tho Tuxiih company
ilecllueH to mnko any efltlnnito of its
.loss or to glvo out any ltmuranco flKurcn,
liut oil men placo thu Iocs nt prcHont at
2,600,000 hnrrols of oil, valued nt
4502,600 j pumping plant, dnnmgo to
tanks, mulos, etc., at f 26,000 or nioro.
WAR ON MOSQUITOES,
Now Orlnnn Ootormlnod to 8tamp
Oul Yellow Fovor.
Now OrhmiiN, July ur. Tlm old Hum
utrlct iiutrnntlim cMtahllHhed ninny
yi'iim ngo hy Dr. Holt wont Into effect
ycnUirday inoriilti, nnd will ho enforc
ed with ithmjlutii Impartiality nnd with
tlm utiuoNt NtrltiKiincy nKiilnnt nil Cen
tral American porlN which are coiihIiI
ered Infected, Tlm nnum reniilatlumi
have heen hiiiiobci1 to have heuii In
force for mmm tliiui jutHt, hut IiivchIIku
tlou nIiown that they have heeii light
ened to Nonm extent, and It In to thin
reanon that thu health nuthorltlcN nt
trlhuto tlm Introduction of yellow fuver
Into New Orleans.
'J Menu rt'KiilntloiiH iiieiiu that every
venmd from Cential American K)rtH
will he detained nt tttninutlmiHlx day,
nnd thtiN prevent nlmolutely any fuilh
er (UNCH of fuver heltiK hronnht Into the
Tlm filtunllon In Now OrleniiN In now
thoroiiKhly in hand, nud It In expected
that tlm quarantine will ho lifted with
in a few wcokH. Governor IHanchard,
Mayor llehnnnii, thu United Htnter,
Marine llonpltal mirKKUiN from coant
porta nud tlm city nnd atntu health nil
thorltloN mot today nud dutorinlued to
take thu tuoNt ntrliiKcnt ineaHtircN to
ntaiiiji out yellow fever nud any dlneano
which rcHcinlilcH It in New Orleann.
All uultu in thu hullef that thu moit
itilto theory in tlm Nprend of thu din
ea ne In the only trim one, nnd thu f1ht
will Imi oarrlinl hIoiik that line, which
wn Hint followed lu Havana. No now
caHcN of yellow fvor or any NiiHplcioiiN
cnHttN duVeloped lixlay, neither weru
there any HimpicioiiN ilentlm. Tlm din
(Mice, which wiim met with wlcntlllc nnd
Military meiiin from tlm hcKinnln,
ceeiiiH to have run ltd oourre, nud thu
jihynlclaiiH are proud of their work lu
ilmltliiK thu iIIhihmu to u rcHtrlcted din-
PAUL JONES' DODY ARRIVES.
Votiett of American Navy Travel 7,
000 Miles Without Mlihap.
AnuapollN, July i!o. Tlm John I'hiiI
Joned nxKHiltlou, coiiimauded hy Ittsir
Admlrnl Hlnitice. wilt couiplctu ltd iiiIn
hIoii with tliu laiidiuK of thu dintlii
iilnlie) 1 1 mid today. Thu elht fhlpH
of thu cijimdroi), four crulnem nud four
tMittlehin( have n tiled nil day in thu
aui'lniraKu of tint naval neailotny, lyliiK
in dotihle (idiimn, with thu criilHem,
headed hy thu llrooklyu, neret thu
Thu day hat heen without ceremony,
with the exception of the uxchntih'u of
call hetweeu Admiral Haudi, mipurln
tuiiduul of thu naval nntdemy, and Ad
tiilrnlN KiKnlMe nud D.ivia nud Captnlu
K. I). Gervalu, of thu l'reiich cruiner
Jurieii do la (Iruvlcre.
On the half deck of thu llrooklyu, In
a i-padou-. c)iiiKirtiiielit nt tlm etitrnucu
to tliu ratlin ol Admlrnl HIkhIm-u, lie
thu hody of John I'nul Jonen, contalnol
lu a canket nl lead inclotieil in another
of wood of haiidiMimo deniKU, and drap
ed with tlm colort. Coimtant uuard
In kupl hy an armed Jackie.
Admiral Kliinlfe reitarda IiIn iiiImIoii
mn emluntly MUccecinifiil nud natlnlncto-
ry. Ilia piuadrnn haN -.teamed nearly
7,000 in I leu without dulay on account
of accident or mlnhap to machinery.
Military Convlctt Escape.
KH)kanu, July 25. Five military
convlctH have encnptsl from thu unard
Iioiinu nt Fort Wrluhl. All of them
weru men rent into thu fort to nerve
nentuncuN for dfferthiii from other army
hIn, Thu iiniuim of thu men are:
Frank ltnrton, Jontiph Carroll, Jninun
(olIliiKWook, Herman W. Ijtiup and
Harry Linden. Thu outhrenk waa one
of thu incut dnrliiK ever nttruiitd nt
Fort WrlKht. With from nix to ten
quanta in an ndjolniu)- room, thu live
deK)rntu men cawed through two Iron
Ixira threu-iuartviN of an inch thick.
Inventor Relocts OfTer.
Now York, July l!6. Morrla Helmet
offer, ITi yenra old, of Hnxiklyu, who
milvod a prohlum of MlKiinliiiK for ele
vated riMilN nud Nrl of whoco Nynteni
In lu uu on llrooklyu "I." linen, ado
thu Htatement that thu poNltiou M elec
trical engineer with n Hillary of 1 18,000
u year Iiun hcon offered to him hy thu
General Mlectrlc oompaiiy, of ficheneo-
tndy, N.t. lie nddwl that uiton tho
advice of City Hupvrintuudeut of
Schoolrt William II. Maxwell, hu had
decided to reject the offer nnd remain
nt echool until hu llnlahea.
Detention Camps Established.
Now OileaiiH, July 26. Tho yellow
fever ouarnntlnu situation nfftctiiiK
Now OrleaiiH In not serious, in that It
applied only to persons nnd haulage,
nud thin will ho rellevtsl hy thu iinmo
dlato cstahllBliment of dotentlon camps
on thu lines of nil thu railroads where
travelers deslrliiK to go up to tliu quar
antine territory may remain II vo days
and securu n certlllcato of nnnlufec
tlon from thu Murliui hospital serv
ice. Qermans Aping the Japanese
Herlin, July 26. Tho nocrooy with
which tliu Japanese have screened tho
movements of their armies hns caused
thu German staff to ro-oxnmlno thu
muthods for ndmlnletorliiK the army in
tlmo of peace or war. Tho annual
maneuvers which nro to take place this
year nro to ho conducted wjth much of
tho secrecy that would surround actual
Job In Sight for Wallace.
Atlanta, Ga July 25. Tho Consti
tution tomorrow' will say! "A persist
ent rumor Is ntloat in railroad circles
hero to tho effect that John F. Wallace,
formerly chief engineer of tho Panama
canal, U to bo madu president of tho
Seaboard Air iuo railroad. The report
cannot ho verified, but comes from an
apparently roliablo source."
NEWS OF THE WEEK
Condensed Form for
HAPPENINGS OF TWO CONTINENTS
llotumo of tho Lois Important but
Not Lois Intorottlnft Evontt
of tho Pat Weok.
Hwedou Is ncKotlatliiK for ii wnr loan.
A nntlonnl hank Is to ho organized at
Franco nnd Germany nro again quar
reling over Morocco,
Huiirrlman wants to gnther tho Illi
nois Central railroad Into his system.
Japan will not reano hostillticH pend
ing tho outcome of tho pence conference.
A new plot has hoon discovered
ng lit s tho life of thu sultan of Turkey.
Germany In fiirioiiH nt thu proposed
rrulroof Ilrltish wnr vcsnuIn in tho
Grimt Hrltnln is planning to storu nn
Immence amount of food for home use
In ennu of wnr.
Police has unearthed n counterfeiters
outfit in I'oitlaml nud arreted six peo
ple In connection.
District Attorney Jerotnu of Now
York 1 1 now taking n turn nt thu tricky
lawyers of that city.
Revenue olllcers lu New York nre
necking men who havo unod internal
ruviuuu ntainpH a second time on cigar
George T. Moore, connected with thu
Agrluultral department, has roingncd
o i nronunt of (ymnectlon with graft In
At thu end of tho eighth week of tho
fair thu total admissions aggregated
Native Isinkers of China liavo decid
til to boycott foreign hanks doing husl
uomi in tliu Flowery Kingdom.
Great Hrltnln will send severaf war
ships to tho lUiltlc to discount tho
effects of thu kaiser's visit to thu czar.
Houthurn I'.iclfic property to thu ox
tout of fl(H),000 is endangered ntHtrlM
Angeles hy thu overllow of water nt
A North German Lloyd steamer has
gone nnlinre nn Gotirnecy island, off thu
const of Hugland. 'It Is said thu vessel
will Iki n total wreck.
Cardinal Gibbons declares that pub
licity through tho newspapers keeps
many men from iMvomlog grafters.
Publicity, hu says, is thu best euro for
Investigations have disclosed tho fact
that many widows of former Knultablu
olllcers nro receiving largo pensions.
Mrs. Hyde, mother of tho former vice
president, is receiving f 25,000 a year.
Secretary Frnncis hns registered the
nnmen of more than 300 delegates to
thu Trnns-Minnlnsippi congress from 17
states and territories. Several special
trains from different parts will carry
the delegates to Portland.
Germany's rommotcial relations with
thu 1'nlted States will bo nn inimrtnut
subject before thu next session of tho
senate. Tho present treaty will soon
run out nnd Germany is anxious to ne
gotiate n new understanding on lines of
Riots continue in nil parts of Russia.
A gaiolino stovu exploded in Pitts
burg, killing un entire family.
Komura, head of the Japanese peaco
delegation, is confident peace will re
sult from the conference.
Thu Norwegian collier Tricolor is on
thu rocks near Capo Momlocluco CaL,
lighthoutie and will bo a total wreck.
Tho government printing olllco is
now Involved In graft nud scandal.
Public Printer Pulmur wilt havo to re
sign. An explosion of dynamite in tho
Railhead initio near Vancouver, R. O.,
killed three men and injured a largo
number of others.
Porto Rico asks a reform in the gov
ernment of the island. A sonata is
wanted in placo of an executive council
and insular olllclala appointed by tho
Count Casslnl, formerly Hussion am
bassador nt Washington, says Great
Rritaiii and America will yet regret
An attempt has been tnado to hold
up ouo of the Now York Central's ex
press trains near Schenectady, N. Y.
Railway ofllclals received warning nud
no stop was made at tho placo whore
tho robbery was to havo occurred,
A rigid inquiry into tho ltonnington
disaster has been ordered.
Tho German emperor nnd the czar
met and had n long conference
Mobilo has established a quarantino
on tio cities below on tho Mississippi
A Federal grand Jury nt Washington,
D. C, Is investigating tho cotton
Five mombors, of a Philadelphia fam
ily wore fatally poisoned by eating
Komura, ono of Japan's peaco en
voys, say's his country is not over anx
ious for peaco.
8TATE CASE TO JURY.
Prosecution nnd Defense Tell What
Thoy Will Attempt to Prove.
Portland, July 2,1. Tho second -trial
of Williamson, Van Oesnor nnd Illggs
on tho charge of subornation of perjury,
United Httttcs District Attorney Hen
ey has stated tho case of the govern
ment to tho Jury, clearly, fully and
The defetiRo, through Judgo Ilennott,
has told what ground will bo taken by
his clients lu the battlo to b fought
out onco more, nud has attacked the
position of the government and its at
torney, linn (Unclaimed guilt on behalf
of thu tinea accused men and has de
claimed in fiery worda of denunciation
that tho government nnd its detectives
havo harried tho men accused from
pillar to post llko worried rabbits In
front of bloodthirsty dogs.
All Is nrndy for tho old story to 1ms
told again and this will ho commenced
In tho recital tomorrow morning at 10
o'clock when court will conveno again.
In the meantime the prosecution has
told tho Jury what it intends to prove
and this statement reveals tho fact that
tho defendants will havo to face new
evidence not brought out at tho former
trial and will ho put still more upon
their mettle 'n establishing their inno
cence. Mr. Williamson will bo proved
to havo been In Prinevillu on Juno 15
nnd to hnve stayed there until Juno 21,
when tliu trial lias come to his connec
tion with tho conspiracy, so that when
ho testified ! the last trial not to havo
remembered his whereabouts ho will
have thin time either to admit or bring
counter proof to deny.
DEATH ROLL GROWS.
Loss of Life Is Expected to Reach at
San Diego, Cal., July 24. Tho Ben
nington horror, which shocked an en
tire nation hy Its long roster of casual
ties, grows with each panning hour.
Even the wildest early estimates of tho
terrible results of the exploding boilers
nlioard the gunboat have not been exag
gerated nnd. instead of lessoning tho
ox t (Hit of the catastrophe, later nnd
completer details have added to it.
The death list may bo swolled to tho
apAlllng total of four score beforo tho
last word shall havo ln-en written and
one of tho darkest jwges in America's
These figures, which at first glance
appear exaggerated, are made up of tho
known dead, tho probable victims
among tho Injured now in tho various
hospitals and tho toUl number missing,
and aro summarized as follows:
Dead at morgues. 63; dead in the
flooded fltoroom of tho ill-fated war
ship, t ', injured who may die, 10;
mining, 15. Total, 81.
Tho total of probable deaths of injur
ed men is based upon the opinion of
Dr. M. II. Foster, of tho United States
Marino Hospital service, in charge of
tho medical staff, and tho number of
missing upon the statement of Com
mander Young. Tho commander be
lieves tho missing men weru drowned
and that tho waters of the bay will give
up this number of dead.
NOT AIMED AT GOVERNMENT
Chinese Byycott Designed to Improve
California Labor Conditions.
Shanghai, July 22. About 1,500
people, including tho heads of nil the
principal guilds nnd delegates from
many provinces, attended a Chinese
mass meeting yesterday, which nr
ranged to begin tho boycott of Ameri
can goods tomorrow. It wos distinctly
announced that tho nction'taken was
not against tho American goverment,
whoso constant kindness was fully
recognized, but it was pointed out that
unions tho Chinese showed themselves
to bo in earnest they would havo no
effect on tho California labor condi
tions. There is still much doubt as to
whether tho boycott will really be
Comes to Land of Free.
New York, July 24. A young Rus
sian claiming tho title of Prince Potcm
kin, and said to bo the son of Admiral
Potemkin, of the Russian navy, a de
scendant of tho houso of Potemkin.
from which the mutinous battleship
Kniaz Potemkin derived its name, is in
tho city, having arrived on tho French
liner I.n ltretagno. The young man
made tho trip in the steerage, although
when his property was examined at
Kills island it was found ho had nearly
125,000 in cash. Ho said he expects
to go West nnd buy a farm.
Valley Is Under Water.
Joplin, Mo., July 24. Tho flood
waters of Spring river reached tho big
dam at Lowell, Kan., early today, and
with all tho flood gates open the water
rose to within two feet of tho top of tho
dnm. Tho gauge showed 22 feet of
water. Half a milo above tho dam tho
water broke out of the banks and flood
ed Park, a little village, with three feet
of water. It is estimated that damage
to crops and livestock will amount to
Had Just Joined Ship's Crew.
Washington, July 24. Tho Navy de
partment has received a telegram from
San b'ranclBco, Baying that 28 enlisted
men who woro ordered by tho Navy de
partment to bo sent to San Diego for
tho ltonnington had loft San Francisco
July 17 and wont aboard ship July 18.
and thoreforo are among the Benning
Conquest 55 Great
Tho principal features of tho Nntlon
nl Irrigation or Reclamation net, nn
concisely stated by Congressman C. D.
Van Dur.cr of Nevada, nro as follows:
First A reclamation fund In tho
treasury, consisting of all moneys re
ceived from tho disposal of public
lauds In sixteen arid nnd scml-arld
Htatos and territories (Including Cali
fornia nnd Nevada).
Second. Investigation nnd report ns
to Irrigation project by the Interior
Department through tho geological sur
vey. Third. After tho approval of such
project by the Secretary of the In
terior construction to commence under
contracts made by him. No contract
to be made unless tho money neces
sary for tho completion of the project
Ir available In the reclamation fund.
Fourth. Compensation to the fund
of tho actual cost of each project by
the sale of water rights, to bo made In
a series of Installments running over
Fifth. The holding of the public
lands for actual settlers under the
homestead act; holdings to bo limited
to small aroas, sulllclont for the sup
port of a family; no commutation.
Sixth. Sale of water rights to prl
vnto land holdors, hut not for moro
than 100 acres, thus discouraging land
monopoly and promoting tho breaking
up of large tracts.
Seventh. The ultimate control of Ir
rigation works, except reservoirs, by
tho settler under a system of homo
rule. This plan will enable the West
to reclaim Itself without calling upon
the taxpayers of the country. It en
tirely relieve the Irrigation agitation
of tho charge that It Is Intended to
tax the East for the Improvement of
tho West The government simply
puts Its government lands In condition
for settlement by storing and making
available the floodwaters which are
essential for reclamation.
In addition to the government work
on the use of water In Irrigation, which
Is being carried on In all the arid or
soml-arld States, the work In Califor
nia, according to an ofllclal statement.
Includes n comprehensive study of the
whole irrigation situation, looking to
the remedying of the evils which aro
checking development along this line.
The work Is under the general super
vision of Elwood Mead, the expert In
charge of Irrigation Investigations.
The work being done on the streams
and Irrigation systems selected for In
vestigation Includes study of the fol
1 Abstracts of the records of claims
to water, character of those records.
number ft claims, total volume claim
ed, places where recorded, and the ease
or dliilculty with which tho validity of
any claim can be determined.
2 Rights to water for purposes oth
er than Irrigation, namely, mining,
power and domestic purposes.
3 Methods by which the amount
and character of water rlgbts are de
termined, accessibility and complete
ness of tho record showing the nature
of tho established rights.
4 Character of litigation over water
rights, Its causes nnd cost. Its influ
ence on Irrigation development, and
the principles established by decisions
C Itlghts for storage and under
ground waters, bow acquired and how
n fTec ted by rights to the surface flow
of streams, and tho Influence of the
underground waters on tho stream's
0 Nature of nn appropriation of
water. To determine who Is the nppro
prlator, tho ditch builder or tho owner
of tho land on which the water Is used;
or Is the land Itself the approprlator.
Also, to determine the truo measure of
Its amount, tho slzo of the claim, the
capacity of the ditch, or tho area irri
gated. 7 Tho volume of return or seepage
water, nnd Its availability for being
again diverted, and Intluenco on value
of Irrigator's rights.
8 Size, number, location nnd capac
ity of dltchos nnd other distributing
works established, aud Irrigation duty
Tho work also Includes collection of
data showing how water Is divided
among different ditches from tho same
stream; how It Is distributed among
users; the nature of water-right con
tracts between canal owners nnd water
users; what contracts have proven
satisfactory; and what forms of con
tracts have given rise to controversy,
and the reason therefor. Facts show
lug rates for sale or delivery of water
nnd tho methods by which these rates
havo been established will also bo
Late Secretary of Btato Kcitnnled oa
Orcuteat Diplomat of tho Duy.
Hy tho death of John Hny tho llfo of
tho leading diplomat of tho day has
ended. Not only had he established
himself lu such exalted position, but
he had formulated, developed and
completed what has pf lato been
known as American diplomacy, tho
direct method of pursuing negotiations
regarding matters In coutrovorsy be
tween nations. So successful had be
come this method that ho bad cm
ployed It not only In controversies ho
tween this country aud others, but in
matters between other countries when
questions aroso which only Indirectly
affected tho interests of tho United
States. In short, John Hay has made
tho United States a factor In tho poli
tics of tho world to bo reckoned with
on orory occasion In which, hy Its In
terests, tho United States can bo re
garded ns a participant. John liny
was regarded as not only tho lending
diplomat of tho day, but tho greatest
diplomat that over occupied tho ofllco
of secretary of state.
John Hny was born In Salem, Ind.,
Oct. 8, 1KW. Ho was tho son of Dr.
Charles Hay. Ho was educated at
Warsaw nnd Springfield, III. He was
graduated nt Ilrown University in
In 18(11 hn went from Springfield.
III., to Washington to !ccomo Presi
dent Lincoln's secretary nnd later ho
served In tho civil wnr. Ho reached
tho rank of colonel nnd was nt Lin
coin's bedside when tho President died.
He then went to Europe and filled sub
ordinate diplomatic positions nt vari
ous capitals. In 1800 he was appoint
ed ambnssador to England.
In the seventies, when Mr. nay was
acting editor of tho New York Tribune,
he wrote fanciful verse of the soil,
which became moro celebrated than
his more serious literary efforts ona
of which Is a llf of Lincoln, for which
he recolved 150,000. Mr. Hay's houso
In Washington was one of tho most
beautiful residences In tho drx, nnd
his library was filled with rare pic
tures nnd rarer books.
As a literary man John nay would
hare won fa mo sufficient for tho most
ambitious. II U life of Lincoln is nn
able work nnd his poetry was of a
high order. Rut as secretary of state
under McKlnlcy and then under Roose
velt, Mr. Hay brought tho diplomacy
of the United States Into tho first
rank. His ability wns splendidly
shown during tho Roxer troubles In
China. Hay alone kept China out of
the Ilusso-Japancso war. Limiting tho
zone of conflict was one of his great
est diplomatic victories.
I TROTTING OR GALLOPING?
What Io FUh Do, and Reals, and In
rcta unil WormaT
Hero is a problem for pcoplo with
sharp cytsl Aa wo all know, a horse
when walking or trotting advances
only ono leg of each pair at a time,
but when galloping lifts both foro feet
together and then both hind feet. Now
tho question la how other animals
manngo this mat tor. Thu birds, of
courso, flap both wings together, but
which birds run nnd which hop? We
human beings "trot" when we walk,
nnd "gnllop'' when wo Bwlm that Is,
if wo Aro using tho plain breast stroke;
Tho dog, however, "trots" for both.
Now, do the amphibious animals tho
seals, otters and tho rest swim llko
men or llko other four-footed crea
tures? Then there are the fish. Ono would,
rather expect that, as they movo their
tails from side to side, they would
flop alternately with tho flns, which
are their hands and feet. Who can tell
whether they do or not, nud whether
nil fish nt all times follow ono rule?
Ry the way, how- docs a frog uso Its
The great anatomist, E. Ray Lnnkes
ter, has lately pointed out that whllo
tin "thousand legs," such as our com
mon gaily worm, advance two feet of
n pair together, the centlpeds, which
ere much llko them, do exactly tho op
posite; nud the swimming worms also
nltcrnato the stroko of each pair of
paddles. I doubt If many pcoplo can
tell on which system the caterpillar
mannges Us dozen or so legs, or wheth
er the adult Insect walks, trots, paces,
or gallops on Its six. How does tho
spider use bight?
Altogether this Is n largo field for
observation, a field, too where any
one may discover new facts ns yet un
recorded, and thus ndd to tho store of
knowledge. SL Nicholas.
Northerner And you hnvo some,
earthquakes down In your country, do
Southerner Oh, yes, but they're
very slight. When they conio wo can't
always tell whether It's a real earth
quake or If It's another attack of
chills and fever coming on. Yonkers
liaytnR tho Illume.
"I want to complain of tho flour you
sent me tho other day," said Mrs.
"What was tho matter with It;
ma'am?" asked tho grocer.
"It was tough. My husband simply
wouldn't cat tho biscuits I made with
That Now line
The picture of innocencel That's how.
Ilut there was a price on her head,
All the people could see It "3.75,
Reduced from S3," it said.
Never judge a man's dishonesty by
his political affiliations.