,... .,,,... n,. .,. -j,. i i .. .in .11 ,. i i i I -' i . .. ,. i SP- i ! il.. -. i. ' '. J ."1. ... ilLUl,. J-"eMBwai asssssaatss.sM i ii .-.. ' f THE story of Chicago, from the day of her original settlement by trap pexs and pioneers to tho present, when she stands tho secoud city of tho new world, roads llko a romance, thrilling wlUi dotnlts of disaster and triumph embraced In tho progress from a frail frontier post to n great community. holding within Ita limits nearly 3,000,000 houIs. Passing from tho destruction and rebuilding of Kort Dearborn to the station ing of a mow garrison there after tho evacuation In 182.1, settlement wna again resumed in tho Tlclnlty of tho post. Interrupted at Intervals by tho Hlack Hawk War. On tho termination of hostilities, toward 1830, tho troops were withdrawn permanently and tho village of Chicago began to grow. In 1837 a charter for tho city of Chicago was granted by tho General Assembly of Illinois. Tho first municipal election was held aud William II. Ogdcn wna elected Mayor. Two years before that a school census showed a population of 3,270 In the town. Llttlo enterprise, such as Is so common In these days, was then kuown. but the next decade developed great progress. In 1841 tho Hrst water works were built; the next year tho llrat propeller was launched, the city's trado made giant strides, and In that year tho exports exceeded tho Imports. ly 1811 tho meat packing Industry got Ita flrst start. Progress was rapid after that; the tlrst public school, tho llrat theater ami other public Institutions followed with tho advent of each ..year, lly 18.VJ Chicago was booming, in twenty years' time tho imputation went from 4.000 to 00,000. The Federal census of 1800 showed the city hud lOD.iHW InluibltauU. Ity 1870 It had grown to nearly 300,000. Then ennm the llro In 1871, when practically tho entire city was destroyed. Hut tho recovery was phenomenal and In loss than fifteen years the population was doubled. Tho World's Fair gnvo tho city a globo-cnclrcllng reputation. During tho years succeeding thu exposition the most noteworthy feature of Chicago, In addition to the expansion of her Industries, commerce, finan cial Institutions, educational and art developments, linn been tho Improve ment In tho architecture aud general character of tho buildings erected for business nnd other purposes.. Hrauty or architecture, thorough utilisation of space nnd substantial character, am tho characteristic of the modem structure that occupy nearly all tho space In tho downtown business district of Chicago. Leading Events During One Hundred Years of Chicago History. 803. tSOl ISO.-., ItoO, 1810, 1812. 1813. 1310. 1817. ISIS. 1823. IK?!. 1823. IKM. 1827. 1S2S. IKS). 1830. 1831. 1832. 1S33, 1S34, 1833. Tort Dearborn bnllt tr Cpt. John Whistler ami Unit Jauirs S. Swear Ingen of the United States Army, s company of Infantry executing the work and afterward sarrltonlug It. Population. 73. John Klnxle and liU family became the Drat settlers under the govern ment of the I'nlted Htatea. Ellen Ma rlon Klntle wan horn, the Oral white child of the settlement The first lawyer came to Chicago. Tecumsch and hi brother, the Prophet, nought to unite all the In dians Into a confederacy against the whites. The llrat doctor came to Chicago. Massacre or the garrison of Fort Dearborn, together with a number ot settlers on the south shore, Aug 13: Fort Dearborn burucd the next day reputation, 110. Philip Fouche appointed aa the llrat t'nlteil Htatea Marshal. Kort Dearborn wan rebuilt, the Indian agency and warehouse were re-established, and the Klnxle family returned to Chicago to lite. Population. ICO. Itoute between Chicago and Mackinac established by the schooners Haiti more and Hercules. Illinois admitted to the Union aa s State. Illinois and Michigan canal bill passed by the Legislature. The route of the Illinois and Michi gan canal waa surveyed. The nrat Protestant sermon was preached In Chicago on Oct. 0 by the Iter. Isaac McCoy, a llaptlit clergy man. Population. 100. Election for Congress and for the Gov ernorship wss held. First company of Htate militia waa orjranlinl. Forerunner of the tacking Industry of the city waa the slaughter house built by Archibald Clybourn on the north branch of the river. Death of John Ktnxle. Fort Dear born waa regarrlsoned by troops. The flrst ferry waa established near the present site of the Lake street waa surveyed and platted, snd the first bridge waa built orer the rlrer at Itaudulpb street. Papu lation, cu). Cook County waa formed and Chicago designated aa Its seat of government. First store built of boards waa Dut no by llobert Klnxle on the west side of the river First sawmill estab lished and tho drat meat packed snd shipped. Town of Chicago Incorporated and the Democrat established by John Cal houn aa the tint newspaper The schooner Napoleon took the flrst shipment of merchandise from the port of Chicago. Population, u). The first mill roach route waa es tablished between Chicago and De troit. The flrst drawbridge was built over the river The flrst piano waa brought to the city. Population, l.OUO. United States land office was opened with s rush. Urgsulxatlon of the volunteer Are department and of the OLD FOIIT DB.VHHOUX EUKCTKD 1S03. 183c, 1A37, 1S38. isan. 1SW. 1813. IBM, 1843, Hoard of Health. First courthouse ami the flrst echoolchuse built. 0 round broken for the Illinois and Michigan canal on July 4. Oalena nnd Chicago Union railroad waa char tered. The city of Chicago was Incorporated and Its flrst city election held. The first census of the city showed a pop. ulatlon of 4,170. First theater waa opened. Financial panic. First steam fire engine waa pur chased, and the flrst lake steamer was built The first exportation of grain from the post was 78 bushels of wheat. Fire cost the city a lota of 76.0nO. The public free schools were rrergan lied aud made permanent. Popula tion, 4,470. Lowest price at which com and wheat ever sold freely waa reached In February, when corn sold for IN cents, aud white winter wheat st M cents a bushel. Tornado swept over the city and Into the lake, doing damage to city and to shipping. The flrst permanent school building, railed tke Dearborn, was built, and County Court waa established. ISM. Itecrultlng far the Mexican war lent to the eicltetnent of the year. 1847. Celebration of the victory or Iluena Ylita. In which a cltlxeu had an arm blown en? by a cannon. 1818, The lint telegram by the Morse rode waa received In Cblragn from Mil waukee The Illinois and Michigan ranal waa opened The first session of the new Dulled Stales Court waa held. On Oct. 23 the first railway locomotive was rouplcd to two ear, and the train was run nut about five miles over the track of the Oalena road. 1810. Htorui a Ad flood damaged shipping In the extent of 1J0.SM The old Tre uiont House waa again burned, lit gether with twenty other buildings There waa another epldemlr of chol era. A panic among the banks. IS50. The I'nlted Htatea census showed a population of 20,10, First gas waa turned sn the mains. IVnI. First labor strike 1834. Illinois Central railroad, first railroad completed Into Chicago, ,U3, ;virid,l.T.i!.,!i!,) drvh" rT"1 ta-w ri"Ur,lc of cholera. b. '.-" l,! "'t"i en the court h? ?J"u?r" u'writied $13,000 for Sit-. JU rl"r vtn Mburban brhle. n.T .?" .'"I ,h" flr" ,ro" opened tnt Mt h ,chm)' 'mcago banns were In Panic ..li" . V "" r"' 'hlran waa acknowledge.! as the mctroKia of (O 'l,",l0". t US,- 1838. The first street car was run In Htate street Mr department was orgsn 1Mrt J"d "" a paid basis. -?, ,of 'ho eainer Udy Klgln wllh JM ileal lis was ttie catastrophe of ,. " 'sr I'oiHiiatiM... lui.wn uA '.m"'1' .""'lelaa rslaWl.tinl l(W3 I Irsl Internal revenue rllerlr waa apixilntol, 1813. four hundred mile nf alreeta hnd been Improved In varlim ways, and .... S"!r lw". m,lM b'1 graveled ISOI. tork waa begun mi in, first water tunnel. 1803. The flrst water crib waa opened The Union stnrkyarda were opened for business, and the first fire alarm tele .. f.raph service was established 18rtl. Maahlngtoa street Innuel. the first under the river, waa opened. The park set was passed. 1870. Population. '.vi.t7T 1871. The great Ore en Oct 7, 8, and P. with a lis of trsU.U City re incorporate.! under the new general law. Ij Halle street tunnel opened 1873. Hertous financial panic, which adeet ed the whole country 180. Population, fiia,lrl3. v" 1SN3. Cable train first oivene.1 by the Chi cago City Hallway Company 1883. Present City Hall aud Ceuuly llullj Ing were rompleted IfVM. Ausrchlst riots broke out In Haymar ket square. 1800. Population. tfCKUin, -uaklhg Chicago , the second city In the United Htatea 1893. First elevated railroad put Into om ration. (Iround broken for the great drainage canal. lfiO.1. Holding of the World's Fair 1MH. Failure of Moore llrothrra' Diamond Malrb and New York lllseult Cmp lie, with liabilities of lA.usi.lasi I'l nanclal flurry ami temporary closing of Chicago lloanl of Trade htrlke at Pullaian, III , br Amerlean Hall road Union, led by lta President, Hit gene V. Debs: many riots In Chicago iHelrd by pollre. Htate mllllla. and I'nlteil Htatea rvo sent by Pre! dent Cleieland 1804 Hhkh1 itivuey parade of IDO.lsa) wrH. greatest pnlltleal parade that ever took tilare on the euNtluent 1807. Joseph Letter forrea a corn' In wheat, the piire going tu i S7 a bushel. 1800. Opening of the drainage ranal through lb gatr st l.oekpirt t,Vc nerstoue of the Feilersl building Isld by President MeKlnley on Out. p. WX). Population, t.nH,373. I'jol. The celebration of the centennial anniversary. HOW TO HOLD YOUR FRIENDa Lire, Cheerful, Optimistic Qualities Needed to Hind Tlism. Those who would mnko friends must cultivate the qualities which are ad mired and which attract. If you are mean, stingy and selfish nobody will admire you. You must cultivate gener osity and large hearteduesi; you must bo magnanimous and tolerant; you must have positive qualities; for a neg ative, shrinking, aiwloglzlug, round about man Ik despised. You must cul tivate courage and boldness, for a coward has few friends. You must believe In yourself. If you do not, oth ers will not bellevo In you. You must look upward, aud be hopeful, cheery and optimistic. No one will be at tracted to a gloomy pessimist. The moment a man feels that you have a real, Hvo Interest In his welfare, and that you do not ask about Ills busi ness, profession, book or article merely out of courtesy, you will get his atten tlou and will Interost him. You will tie him to you Just In proportion to the Intensity and unselfishness of your In terest in him. Hut if you are selllsh and think of nothing but your own advancement; If you nro wondering bow you can uso everybody to help you along; If you look upon overy man or woman you arc Introduced to as bo much mora possible success capital; If you measure pcoplo by the amount of business they can send you, or tho number of now client, patients or readers .of your book they can securo for you, they will look upon you In tho same way. Success. Uncle llemuu Says! De difference between beta' a wise man and a fool am not so great, but what de ptckln up of a hot boss-shoe may decide do question one way or de odder. Detroit Free Press. WHO'S TO BLAME FOR THE HIGH PRICE OF COAL? Cincinnati Post Novel Oauso for DamaKOs. An Ohio health food company has Just lost a suit brought against It by a rotalter In Germany, who demanded 500 damages because In the pictures which tho company put on cartons of Its goods sent to tho plaintiff tho noso of the Empress of Germany was so blurred that It appeared to be miss ing. The retailer alleged that tbo dam- ago to tho Uinprcss' noso made It Im possible for him to sell tho goods. Tlio War It floes. "I heard Kronnlck remark that lie never hail such luck In his business as he's having now, but I didn't cdtch whother It was good luck or bad." "Oh, he meant bad luck, of course. If It were good luck bo wouldn't speak of It as luck at all." Philadelphia Press. A II envy Tribute. In tho lust year tho United States paid In ocean freight to foreign ships 2CO,000,OOa IlnlfTlio World's Ilubber Crop. Tho United States now takes half the world's crop of rubber. Hood's Sarsaparltla lias won iitccoss far beyond tho effect ot advertising only, Tho secret of Its wonderful popular Ity la explained by Its tiiiapt-onchnbU JYWf. Ilnscil upon a prescription which oiirod pooplo considered Incurable, Hood's Sarsaparltla Unites tho best-known vrgotoblo rem edlos, by molt a combination, propor tion anil process as to liavo curntlvs power peculiar to Itself, Its cures of scrofula, rrzrma, psorl ails, and every kind nf humor, ns well as catarrh and rhuuinntlsin jirovo Hood's Sarsaparltla tho best blood purifier over produced. Ita cures of tiyspepsla, lots of nppr tlto and that tired feeling mnko It tho l(rratct stomach tunic and strength restorer tho world has over known. Hood's Sarsqparltta Is a thoroughly good ini'dlclun, lleglu to Uko It TODAY. Oct HOOD'H. FAMINE IN TIMDER TREES. UrowUs fVcarclly of Wood HnltaliU far Manufactarlnsr fnrpossa. It will be but a few yrars before durable timber becomes very much dearer than It Is at present. Good chestnut aud whit oak oil are worth now fifteen cents each, and red cedar posts twenty cents apiece, un dressed, aud art hard to get at that. Ten years from now the sitpply will bn much less. No more profitable use of land ran be mails than to plant wal nut, chestnut, oak, hickory, sprue, ash, maple, poplar, willow, locust and other tree that hav a value In tho arts for their timber. Plant the rough land to trees. The curalypta are now grown In the southwestern portion of our country more extensively than any other exotic forest tree. ' Thes trees are originally from Aus tralia; they are known there uuder the nam of antlfover trees, aa by their rapid growth and large amount of follag they absorb the poisonous gase of the swamps, making the air pur and the clluint healthy. In Cal ifornia. Kansas and Indiana tracts of land several thousand acres In area have been plsuted with seedlings of the eucalyptus rostrata for fuel, rail road ties and for windbreaks. On ac count of their rapid growth I her tnak desirable shade trees for tho dwolllng and pasture lota, in many parts of the southwest the tucalypt are util Ise4 to advantage to furnish shad In pastures. If set along the fencea and along the Irrigating ditches they can be made to protect the cattle la the pasturo without at any time Interfer ing with farm work. Keedllngs may be had from the nurseryman In 100 lota at five cents each. There am soma thirty different varieties, and all of them are said to grow equally well In the middle and southern Ktates. Plant the hillsides In forest trees and farm the low ground. Ilaltlmor American. Ilattl ot Lexicon, Jlrulrer I heard you were laying for Hnooior to mako him fight. Did rou succeed? Hroncubuster No. I called him everything I could lay my tongue to, but theia waa no light in lilm. Hoston Transcript. Didn't Pan Out. Miss Townoy (In search of tho idyl, lie, at last meets a real livo shepherd) Pray, tell roe, gentln shepherd, where Is thy pipe? The Oontlo Blinphurd I loft It at homo, mum, 'csusj 1 ain't got no baccy. Tlt-Hlts. Shame, When a man's foot gets tangled up with a woman's under tho labia and alio gets mad about It, you ran mako her madder by pretondlng you thought It was bo mo body ulse. My Lungs "An attsck of la grippe left me with a bad cough. My friends said I hsd consumption, I then tried Aycr's Cherry Pectoral and It cured mo promptly." A. K. Randies, Nokomli, III, You forgot to buy a bot tle of Aycr's Cherry Pec toral when your cold flrst came on, so you let it run along. Even now, with all your hard coughing, it will not disappoint you. There's a record of sixty years to fall back on. Three tlseti Us., enough for an ordinary eld Mo.. Jott right for broachltli, uosrts. nsss, hard colds, st&i f I, most economical for cnioois eaisa and o kssp on hand, i, 0. Ai-KK 00.. Lowsll, Mui.