Grants Pass daily courier. (Grants Pass, Or.) 1919-1931, August 19, 1919, Image 1

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    We're Telling The World
VOL. IX.. No. It 17.
4Us The Climate
ft I : j University of Ore,rarv V V
i:;reat scrap
for malheur
lake lands
UtJiMiiNt .Mirt Tlit'ra Are IMWKMl
Acres of Will Imm Around
Value! m fl.tMMI.OOO
Ii. iA. 1 Jl Jnv lul has left fur Rose
tourg to Join Inland Drown, son of
Attorney General Goo. M. Urown,
with whom ho will ko by auto to
the Malheur lake country In eastern
Oregon, say the Coo Day Times.
About 3U residents of the lake tllit
trlct are to be Interviewed by Mr.
MIJeqvlHt and 'Mr. Hrown aa part of
an Investigation which the stale Is
now making aa 40 whether It can
claim rtKht to lands around the lake
from whlcli the water has receded.
Mr. -Llljeqvuil haa been specially
employed to work , with Attorney
General Hrown In the cane and has
now completed the survey of the law
relating to It. A second trip will
probably be taken later Into eastern
Oregon to collect evidence but the
tale should have Its rase well out
lined and ready for Institution by
the end of September, thinks Mr. Ul-
Twenty thousand acres of rich ag-
ricultural lands valued at over a mil
lion dollars are at stake, states Mr.
SJIJeqvlnt. About T0 persons are
owners of property around the lake
and several companies are interested
In defeating the state In Its attempt
to claim the land.
Ry the digging of canal connect
In (Malheur lake with a neighboring
body of water, the waters wore low
ered originally and Irrigation pro
eewa have recently cut down .the
quantity of water, uncovering a great
strea of land.' Two meander lines
wore fixed by the government, com
pllcatlng matters somewhat. All
Owners of land around the luke
claim that tholr property extends to
the very center of the lake and that
they have right to the areas uncover
ed as the water retires.
One man has been murdered In
controversies about the right to this
luntl and much opposition exists In
the Malheur country to the state's
move to gain the lund.
The lake extends about 18 miles In
length and tins a maximum width
-of 14 miles. It. Is now a state duck
N'mI1 to Car for Cotton Crop, ltut
Will Have Notliinjr to Im WHh
Northern I lorn Element
Moiirpbls, Tenn., Aug. 1 8. Plenty
of farm and mill work,' better wages
than ever before paid and Improved
living conditions await Southern ne
groes who have gone to the North
and who now are said to 1m clamor
ing to return to the South, accord
ing to employers here.
Kouthern farmers and plantation
owners want the southern negroes
back. If there wore some method of
retting In touch iwlth them It Is de
clared the expense of their return
to Dixie would oe willingly borne.
This will hold especially true tor
the next fow weeks, because there Is
need of negroes who know how to
take care ot the cotton crop.
Hut those employers say they do
not want northern-born and reared
negroes. They would prefer to bring
In foreign labor, they assert.
"We would not heaita'te to pay the
expensea of a .hundred or more ne
groes from Chicago or other north
ern cities to our place If we can get
southern negroes, particularly ne
groes who have gone from Missis
sippi, Arkansas and Tennessee," said
A. C. Uange, vice president and gen
eral uianegor of the Chicago Mill A
Lumber Company, (which owns more
than 70,000 acres of timber and ag
ricultural lands In Northeastern Ar
kansas. "I think It la safe to say
that every southern negro In the
north would be brought back with
out expense to him if southern farm
era and plantation owners ' knew
where and how to get in touch with
the southern-born. We don't want
and will not have northern negroes,
American Aviators Held For Ransom Are Rescued by
Capt. Matlock, Who Outwits Mexicans and Pays Only
Half of Ransom Not Considered Act of War
CndelHrla. Tex., Aug. -f 18.
Troops of the 8th cavalry crossed
the Mexican border at 6:40 o'clock
this morning, pursuing the bandits
who held aviators Peterson and Da
vis for ransom. The two rescued
aviators accompanied the troops as
Aviators are cooperating with the
cavalry as scouts to locate the Ban
dits on the Mexican side, by flying
over the OJInu'gu district south of
Washington, Ang. 19. A
resolution directing tha federal 4
trade commission to investigate 4
tha high cost of shoes and de' 4
tcrmlne the cause of increased 4
prices was adopted today 'by the 4
house. 4
Berlin. 'Aug. 19. Five of the 27
'ooletle formed to control Ger
many's food supply have already
'been disbanded, and it Is announced
that others will follow In the near
future. The central purchasing
company which superintended the
Tbuylng of all 'Germany's war food Is
now being used as an employment
ureau. ,
Aims to Limit Corporal Profits,
CLmsifyJng Excrss Profits as Trea
son; I-iegitlmate HuiJacMt Safe
Washington, .Aug. 18. The Amer
ican punitive expedition into .Mexico
Is being conducted with full know
ledge of the authorities here who
have been holding the announce
ment until the American aviators
were safe. Secretary Baker said the
troo crossed on specific Inst row,
Hons from the war department.
-Marti, Tex., Aug. 19. The Anier
h un aviators have been 'brought -back
from the Mexican side of the border.
They had been completely confused
In their directions and thought they
were on the American aide all the
time. They were not mistreated,
but were threatened with death. '
Maria. Tex., Aug. 19. Troops
have been sent across the border,
pursuing the bandit band under
Jesus Rehterla. An adequate com
munication line Is supporting the
trooiw, while pack trains carry
field wireless outfits for use when
out of touch with the aviator scouts.
'Washington, Aug. IS. In a dip
lomatic aspect the punitive expedi
tion Is an expedition "on a hot trail,"
and does not take the character of
an art of war, but merely to punish
San Antonio, Tex., iAug. 19. Cap
tain Matlock ot the 8th cavalry, who
was sent alone last night to pay the
ransom for the two American aria
tors, outwitted the bandits by pay
ing only half of the $15,000 demand
ed by the outlaw. He demanded that
the prisoners be produced. When
they came they both jumped astride
a horse and escaped. The captain
brought back $7,500.
major uenerai Dickman, corn
manding the Southern department.
today Instructed the officers to pay
the bandits ttie fult ransom, as stip
ulated with them by the United
States government.
.London, Aug. 19. In the last 11
-year (England haa sent only 881 au
tomobiles to the 'United States, the
value of which was $2,153,941, while
In the same time the United States
eent to (England 41,182 cars valued
at $3 6,?1 0,011, says the 'Board ot
Trade Journal,, .
The paper points out an opportun
ity to expand the sale ot British cars
1n America among the wealthy peo
ple ot New YorW abd tfie newly rich.
Tho following Is a', lint ot the food
stuffs allotted and available to the
bonaflde consumers, patrons of' the
Grants Pass postoffice:
1092 one-pound cans' of baked
12 two pound cans baked beans.
175 2 three pound cans baked
246 two pound cans string beans,
IS 7 8 one pound cans corned beet,
1S96 two pound cans corned beet,
204 six pound cans corned beef.
1242 one .pound cans roast beef.
1380 two pound cans roast beef.
120 six pound cans roast beef.
2268 two pound cans sweet corn.
924 hash corn beet In one pound
91 2 two pound cans hash roast
2844 two pound cane green peas.
98v Vi pound cans black pep
per. 144 pint cans vegetable soup.
156 ten pound cans tomatoes.
607 twelve pound cans bacon.
1700 one hundred pound bags dry
1152 one hundred pound bags of
200, one hundred pound bags rice.
. A complete list of the articles to
gether with the weights and prices
Is now posted in the lobby of the
postoffice; the prices, however, do
not include the postage charge,
which amount, together with that ot
the price ot the articles ordered
must be 'paid at the time order is
placed;, orders must be made in du
plicate, one copy to be retained by
the purchaser, the other to be hand
ed In at postoffice or to any ot the
(Continued on page 2.)
With the American 'Forces in Ger
many, Aug. 19. (Public receptions
and meetings planned by civilians in
honor of returning German prisoners
ot war are not to be allowed In the
American occupied area, notices to
this effect recently have been sent
to the authorities of the local gov
ernment. The German Red Cross
has been collecting funds for several
mouths In preparation for the home
coming of thousands ot Germans
from France and England.
A recent order by Major General
Henry T. Allen, commander of the
American forces In Germany, quotes
a letter to the .president of the Rhine
province as follows:
"While sympathizing fully wifh
the natural desire ot the German
leople to accord a (welcome to the
returning' prisoners of war, neverthe
less, in view of the fact that the
military occupation must continue
until the treaty of iieace is ratified
by the allied governments, and par
tlcularly In view of the necessity of
preventing any semblance ot dlsord
er which might compel a' resort to
disciplinary action, the commanding
general directs that you 'have the
reglerungs-vraesldents of Coblenz
and Trier notify the population ot
their respective bezlrks that the re
ception of returning prisoners of
war must be limited to personal and
fatally receptions, and must not be
made the occasion of official recep
tions, processions or any other pub
lic assemblies.
"This will not, of course, 'be con
strued to prevent the "Red Cross au
thorities from serving refreshments
at railroad stations."
Washington, Aug. 19. Calling at
tention to the "disturbed state of the
world at present," Secretary Baker
told a senate military sub-commit'
tee today that lie would not be do
ing his part unless he urged upon
congress to provide for an army that
would "represent the strength of the
United States."
The committee Is considering the
war department plan for a standing
army of 576,000 men and universal
military training.
Washington, Aug. 19. (Before the
senate agricultural committee the
problems of packers, their alleged
monopoly of preparing and distribut
ing meats and their alleged policy of
expanding their business enterprises
to the point of controlling the sup
ply of other foods, came op for an
Investigation In the hearing of the
Kenyon bill to extend federal con
trol over the packing industry.
Senator Gronna, committee chair
man, prefaced the proceedings with
a brief statement of conditions which
be said were leading to general de
mand for limitation of corporate pro
fits. So did Senator Kenyon.
"Thie is a radical bill, with teeth
In it. which deserves closest scru
tiny, but It is not a government own
ership bill," said Senator Kenyon.
It provides a new method of cor
porate control In thie country. It
suggest the licensing of packers, the
divorcement fronn them of stock
yards ownership and the elimination
of their control of refrigerator cars.
The basis for it is the report of the
federal trade commission and infor
mation before this committee.
"Meat packing is no longer a pri
vate business. If the monopoly has
gTown to the degree we understand
it has, it Is indefensible and intoler
able. There may be a little efficien
cy growing ont of ft, but that is
temporary. )
"We are not engaged in an attack
on private profits, though the propa
ganda of the packers has frightened
business since this bin came op, and
may fiave frightened "congress ont
of the attempt to legislate. ' We are
it-i niug u injure Business, nor
stop reasonable profits, but excess
profrts today are treasonable pro
Chief Executive Anawers Questions
and Hands Out Iodide Informa
tion to Conferees Verbatim ' -
Washington, Aug. 19. The, presi
dent told the foreign relations com
mittee today that he could see no
reasonable objection to interpreta
tions of how the United States ac
cepts the league of nations, prorid-i
lag such interpretations do not form
a part of the formal ratification it-!
self. He defended Article 10 an
made a lengthy statement at th
conference. .
The president contended that lj
Interpretations were a part of th.
formal ratification, lone ' delay;
would follow, as other government
would have to accept
. Vienna, Saturday, (Aug. 16. .Ban
ner crops are reported throughout
Jugo-Slavla, the Ukraine, Austria.
Bohemia and soviet Russia.
Salem, Ore.. Aug. 19. The loss in
camp equipment and cut logs caused
by the Silverton fire- Is estimated
at $500,000 to $750,000. Eight hun
dred men are fighting the fire
which is now reported to' be under
control. Five camps were complete
ly wiped out..
One hundred and sixty men are
fighting fires in the tMoKenxie river
district, but the Bltuatton la reported
Most fires in the Unipqua forest
are controlled.
4- . .
4- . Washington, 'Aug. 19. The
repeal of the daylight saving
law was passed over the presl-
4- dent's veto 'by the house on a 4
4- vote ot 228 to 101, seven more
4- than the necessary two-thirds -f
4- majority. The repeal now goes
4- to the senate where Its.'' sup- -4
4- porters claim a victory.' , . -f
California Redwood Park, Cat.
Aug. 19. An the forest .primeval
beneath eempervlrens towering 800
feet and which were ancient forest
monarch even at the time Noah's
Ark is recorded to have rested on
Mount Ararat, (2348 IB. C. (Callfor
nlans and visitors will gather here
September 41 to witness, "The Soul of
Sequoia'." St lis an Indian opera, and
its premiere here will mark the
first time in the history of open air
drama that a complete Indian opera
has been produced in the natural
redwood forest. ,
i nnr
Portland, Rug. 19.: Want to see
nct sign on the road to Crater
Ijiio lettered thus:
'Closed until more satisfactory fa
cilities are provided for tourists"?
Stephen T. Mather, director ot na
tional parks admitted that he has
such a sign In mind when he spoke
on a rather personal basis to' some
30 business, professional and rail
road men of Portland at the Cham
ber ot Commerce Friday evening.
"I'm not .going to ask you to do
anything more for Crater lke," he
added. "I've done that until I'm sick
of It.
"Often I've sighed tor some means
of swinging Crater Lake to within
50 miles ot- Portland. . Then the
wonderful lake and tie great (play
ground around it might be made
available to the tourist world with
the spirit of cooperation from you
men ot 'Portland that Is being man
Ifeeted by the ' leaders of Tacoma
and Seattle toward Mt. Ttanler Na
tlonal park."
With vigorous strokes, Mather
flagellated Crater National park con
ditions. (He complained of the road
leading to the lake. "Everybody'
passing over it eats dust," he aver
red. He -jsriticsed the inn. He said
that Parkhurst, the Innkeeper, has
worked hard but without support
and without sufficient knowledge of
the tourist hotel game, either to
please his patrons or to placate the
national park administration. He
had discovered that on the recent
visit of the members of the National
Editorial association to Crater .Lake,
some ot them hatf slept four in a
bed. He had also received, he said,
a complaint from a wealthy woman,
Washington, Aug. 19. TodajJ
conference was unprecedented I
American history. . The preside
discussed the treaty, answered qui
tions and gaye a Jelegraphic - tra
cript to the public. Inside detw
were handed out verbatim. The pr
ident intimated that the league)
nations would prevent Japan tc
assuming any complete sovereign
over Shantung. 1
He said the plan for the leagu
nations was built from a plan in
by the British committee, lateri '
eluding ideas of General Smuts.)
stated that for moral asset!
thought it would be given the 1 -
ed States, not to participate la
German indemnity. He had sua '
ed that this not be done, but1
did not refer to pre-war claims
the sinking of the Lusitania. t '
The president disagreed wlthl
retary Lansing's opinion that i
wonld have signed the treaty r
lees of whether it contained
Shantung provisions. b
Referring to Article 10, the a'
dent said, the council could onn
vise, and' as action must be jr
mous a vote of the United jl- r
will be necessary for ny qae
affecting it. I
ft- '
Washington, Aug. 19. Th
ate judiciary sub-committee
cided that the proposed Xtn
which the united States wi
France in the event of an
ed attack by Germany wasl.
conflict with the American
Stockholm, Aug. 19 A
British fleet today co
aJgainst the Kronstadt nav
Petrograd. Kronstadt Is
to be, burning.
The Kolchak submarine
Vlatkl was sunk in an
several miles northwest
(Continued on Paje I)
Helslngfors, Aug. 19.f',,
shevlkl battleship Andrea. , '
It of
uiio transport iuu uuo i v '
were sunk during an ?m r
f 4 UOU
s a
with tha Pacific fleet
of Finland Sunday. ' . f
The British report t
three motor boats, elgh
three men. .
and ,