University of Ore. Library Iff voi ix., x.. sma. I IS IV XC.MIUCU OK lU.A.l-S 1 1 . 1 1 MCAIM THE LIST, WITH 470 fiukm i r iti x jri.Y OREGON REPORTS 400 FERES lbru of Knat lr (iitf-ilt Condi tions Ditngxr Still l.nrka In For rwU Wnrdmia on 4b Portland. ' Auk. 5.- Extreme dry nmi In all hut the Immediate const couutry, with fust drying out or the latter, emphasizes the nnoil for groat rare If the f Iro situation In to bo hold In cheek during A u mint. The large number of fire which have no fur occurred In, Northwestern states and have been successfully ex tinguished 1a a tribute to the alert ness of fire protoetlon agencies but also serves aa a warning that August may prove an extremely trying month. Reporta we I ved from Northwest ern tnt. by tint Western Forestry A Conservation Association ahow that during July over 1,000 flree oc curred In Idaho,' Washington and Oregon. Somo of these In tha for mer state riuvil considerable loss of green timber. A force of over 1500 men la now at work to pre vent the starting or spreading of firm. Favorable weather conditions thn last week of . July vanned ..great Improvement In the general a It na tion. Washington hud 150 (Ires during July caused by sparks froln engines aud "berry pickers. Not over one. and one half million feet" of green tlinlM.r was killed but loss of buck ed rogtt and camp building" and equipment will 'be a considerable Item. A force or 100 ward,ona em ployed by the Washington Foreat Fire association, la now on duly. Oregon reporta 400 flres. mostly aitiall onn originating from lightn ing, campers and logging camp. There haa been practically no loai of green timber but some damage to logs and logging equipment, The full force of patrolmen la now on duty composed r r3 mate and weoks law wantons employed by patrol as socliitlona and Individual timber own era. Idaho had 470 'Iron during July caiiHi'd by railroads, lightning, ra'mp and looser. 1 .oases rannot 1m given at thin time aa many fires arc . burning. A force of over I.OOrt men were fighting flrmi In July.' MK.XICAX THF-ANl'ltKIt HAYS U,;l: IS A DIllvAM Mexico City, Aug. 5. -IjiiIb Cabre ra, secretary ot the treasury! la quot ed Hy Kl .Democrutn as saying In en ttddresa "before tho Chamber ot nepu tlea: "The league or nations con tinues to he a dream (or there Is not one nation that carea to renounce a part, of Its sovereignty aa a sacri fice to the good, or the rest." , Mexico dlty.'Aug. 6. Thirsty resl tlonts of the. United States who hope to find an oasis In Mexico may be dlaappolnted. IA cabinet member whose Influence will be felt In the drafting or "dry" regulations was recently quoted In The Excelsior as saying that fit imay 'he necessary (or the 'Mexican government to estab lish a.' "dry" tone at leaat ton kllo imetera deep along the entire length ot the United States boundary. ' Intimation waa also given that the government la prepared to move Im mediately against persona -who are Teported to. Ibe selling liquor to Am Orleans, using Mexican territory , as their base or operations. FORES Mi WELL IN HAND GREEKS TURN THE TABLES ON TURKS In ItmntiK for l't AtrxJtlrx They Murder, Aftitllitlc mill l(il llw Turkli.li (liirrlMni , loiidon, Aug. 6. The Greek army of oeaupudon which landed at Smy rna a few month ago murdered and pillaged the Turku, according to a hitter published by Marniuduke Plch thall, a "wiill known writer of custom affalra. The writer if the hitter was, described by Mr. 'Plckthall aa "the reliable correspondent" but his idcn ity waa not disclosed. The wrltur assert that when the Ureek army lnndd at Smyrna, Turk ish troop had been ordered by the TurkUh authorities to remain In their barracks und that they did no: but that the Greek broke Into places where TurkUh officers were rollect ed aud shot down all who would not about "long Venlzelos,? i.Many were tint shot down according to the writer. The writer 'addi; The governor of Smyrna waa dra'rgod along the wharf and carried aboard a ('.reck ship. Ills wife waa wounded and his houae looted. The Turk-lit h chief of staff waa bayonet ed in the face and thrown Into, tha hold or the Greek cattle ship among thn animal. The aenlor doctor of the Turkish army corps was murder ed and his ibody mutilated. Fingers of Turkish man Ifnd women who wore rings iwere cut off -wholesale. Houses were looted, women robbed of all their Jewels. ."Thla waa supposed to he an ab solutely peaceful occupation In the Interests of law and order. Greece had not even been at war with Tur key. In no caae did the Turks ahow flght jintl they .were attacked "by the Greeka. The civilian Greeks Joined with the Invading soldiery. In the work of murder and pillage. And the allied fleet acquiesced In these proceedings, which were made pot alble only by Its presence." T WaHbington, lAug. 5. Senator Wataon, Indiana republican, declar ed that the history or German and Japanese acquisitions fu Shantung had been one wrong heaped upon an other. Ho asked the senate to re ject the treaty provision glvlnk ,lai an control on the Shuntung Penin sula. .Ml llMOIl Hl'HPK.tT It KM FOH TIIK GltAM Jt'ltY Marahfield, Aug. B. Ilarold llow ol, aged 13 years, was hound over to the grand Jury, and Carroll War don, hla 18-year-old companion dur ing moat of the afternoon on which the murder of 16-year-old I-llllan Ienthold, or Bandon, occurred, was freed, when District " Attorney Hall dismissed the charge against him. Young Howell, only, appeared be fore Judge Wade and It witnesses aitpearod for the state. The defense waa silent. The only new development was (the testimony of the last witness tor the state, who stated that the markings on the ibullet which was round In the glrl'ti head Indicated that It had been, rlred from a gun (n which the bore had been changed. The bore In the gun which young Howell had with him the afternoon of the mur der, and whldh belongs to him, had been changed from .22 to .25 call ber. Howell and Marden were seen hunting In the vicinity of the crlirfe Sunday afternoon? the day the girl wtia murdered. .' UOKK VKSftKIA OX ' THE WESTHRN (JOA8T Fan Francisco. iAug. 5. The San Francisco division of the ' shipping oard has asked the allocation of 80 "nore vessels tor foreign trade fr6m 'his coast. Or 48 vessels already aa Sgned, which will be finished dur 'ng August and September, 20 are assigned to San Fwmclaeo, 16 to Se ttle and 12 to Tortland. . OJMJfTO PAB8, JOflEI'm.VB QOCWTT. OREGON. TIK8DAY, AIG18T 0, 1010. UNITED STATES FACING GREATEST LABOR CRISIS Railway Shopmen Take Lead and Redaction of Commodities-Eager to Strike and Defy Grand Lodge-Would Deal With Government Washington, Aug. 5. Director Cenernl Minus and J. J. Forrester, president of the Brotherhood of Railway Clerks, Freight Handler. Express und Station Employes, ron ferTed today on the employes' de mands for a wage increase unless something la dono immediately to materially reduce the living coat. 9lmllur demands from the Brother hoods of Locomotive Engineer and Railway Trainmen are now Wore Director Hlnes. Five hundred thousand shopmen over the country are voting on whether to call a strike to enforce the 25 per cent Increase, fending the outcome, shopmen now striking are exported to return to work In moot places. The shopmen of the Chicago district, however, have re fused to return and aay they will pay no attention to the grand lodge but will treat with the government separately. Organised labor -was before the' country today with a demand that private capital be retired from rail road operations, substituting tripar tite control of railroad properties by the public, operating management and employers. Engineers, firemen and the American Federation of-La- 'hor made demands that the matter be laid efore the house Interstate commerce committee. ES STATEMENT REGARD TO SHANTUNG! Toklo, Aug. S. Viscount Uchlda, Japanese foreign minister, in a state ment today declared that Japan does not Intend to claim any rights af foctliiK the territorial sovereignty of China In Shantung. He promises that the Japanese troopa are to withdraw Immediately atter an agreement is concluded with China. Japan moreover la considering the establishment or a general settle ment at Tsin Tao, Instead of a pure ly Japanese settlement. ' ' DESPITE GRADING (John IW. Kelly In The Oregonlan.) f Clinging to the summit of the Sis-' klyous Is a rock crusher, reducing to macadam, size, ancient masses ot blue basalt for the IPnclflc highway. Uke a thin aplder werti, a wire stretches from the iwrched quarry across the mountain slopes, until It is lost In the distance. , This wire. attached to rugged pines, continues on and on for seven miles, leaving the quarry plant In Oregon and ter minating In a power plant at Hilt, C&l. . Fuel Is scarce and costly to deliver at the Siskiyou summit, so Oskar H uiber, who has the contract rbr pav Ing the IPaoiric highway from -Ashland to the California line, operates his crusher with electric power, drawn from 'Hilt. This Is the moat southern outfit 'working on the Pa cUlo highway. iFrom this summit, 4700 feet 4n the air, trucks loaded with rock tor ithe pavement base 'roll down toward the state tine, five milles away,' southward,, while the same plant' furnishes rock for the northern section aa rn-etl. U will toe next yea'r before the Os kar Huber Job, 'Which la trifle more than 20, miles. '6.9 miles being the Ashland-Green Springs mountain and 14.6 miles' being the Green ARE SPRINKLED OVER PACIFIC HIGHVAY in Demanding Wage Increase Waffhlngton. Aug. 5. Attorney General Palmer Is expected to pre sent a preliminary report today to President Wilson concerning possible steps to be taken by government agencies to reduce the night living cost. The president is to discuss with Julius Barnes, president ot the grain ootiJoration, the proposal to restore wbAt to Ui free market, with the government making good tbe differ ence between the market price and guarantee. Administration officials believe that Increased production Is one way to decrease the living coat. President Wilson feels that strikes or threats of strikes now will Interfere materially with the solu tion. He may go before con areas nd recommend that steps be taken for relief. Sail Francisco, Aug. 5. James O'Connell, chairman or the metal trades department of the American Federation of Labor, today announc ed that a hair-million members or the metal trades crafu this month will demand that congress and the president red ace the cost of living If. possible, to avoid strike disturb ances. HAS PEEVED ENGLAND Buenos Ayres, Aug. 6. Diploma tic relations between England and Argentine are delicate as a result or 'the purchase, by Argentine ot the German steamship . Bapia Blanca. England refused to recognize the purchase, made during the war. One Argentine newspaper deplores ("Argentine's hostile attitude towaid j British capital invested In Argen- I tine." AND PAVING, CARS Springs Mountain to the state line, is completed. When finished it iwtll connect with the present bard surface, extending from Ashland to Bedford and thence to Central Point, ' Everything from Grants iPa'ss to the state, line haa been contracted for paving. From Central IPolnt , to Gold Hill there is an 8.9 'mile paving contract on which the Clark-Henry company Is working. This wilt cost $231,G!9 and 'Will be laid on an ttsphaltic con crete base, A contract to Schell & Calvert (or the 12.2 miles from Gold Mill to the Josephine county line will soon be j-, V b uuuer way. .nr. ocnen lias a puv Ing contract on his own account be tween Grants Pass and the county 'line and a soon as this 'Is completed i which will be in about six weeks, 'Schell't equipment will be moved onto the Gold IH111 Josephine county line work. IBetween Grants iPasa and the county line Mr. Schell has a 6.1 J mile paving contract, which la about 50 per cent finished. . At Gold Hill, the hottest spot In southern Oregon, the contractors who iwlll build the (bridge a'cross (Continued on Page 2) SEN. SMOOT SEES T UPHEAVAL Kiliorbitant Profits of Fo"d Specu lators Jtespoojiible for Strikes and High Cost Washington, Aug. 5. Senator Smoot, of Utah, republican, declared n the senate todav Inflation of cur rency and exorbitant profit of rood distributors were responsible for high living costs. I'rging that the people "not lose their heads" over the situation, Sen ator Smoot said: ' "I look forward to trouble, not only in this country, but all the world, unless a change cornea within a reasonable time." Senator Thomas, .democrat, of Colorado, observed that the high cost of living was world-wide and asked if any senator could suggest how one nation alone could change condition Senator Sherman, republican, Illi nois, said the meat packers were not responsible for high meat prices. "The increase in price of meats comes after they leave the refrigera tor car," said he. Senator 'Borah, republican, of Ida ho, said it would Ibe no task to find the profiteer. "We know where the profiteer is," be said, "and he will be Just as safe the next four years aa be haa been the last four." . , Senator Reed, democrat, of Mis souri, declared: "K we can't feed ourselves, we ought not try to feed the world. There is a plan on foot to organize a gigantic corporation to finance and feed Europe, and our government. through the league of nations, la to undertake this plan. We are to drain this country' of its money and Its goods at the very time our people are clamoring for relief." Fonn suit to jvkv Mount Clemens, ftUch.. Aug.' 5. The Henry Ford Ubel suit testimony nas ended and the case will rob- ably go to the Jury next Tuesday. 1919 ONE OF HOTTEST The weather, reports furnished by County Agent C. D. Thomiwon shows that Grants 'Pass people this year sweltered through the longest stretch of hot weather experienced since 1911.. For 11 days the ther mometer registered 100 or more, the highest minimum being 67 degrees on July .10, 1919. The records since 1911 shows the 'following: 1911 June July Aug. Max. 96 110 ,x 92 MIn 31 87, 39 Eleven days 100 or more. iia Max; 96 105 98 MIn. .. 36 42 35 . Two days. 100 or more. lftlii Max. 96 101 101 Min. 36 . 39 38 One day 100 or more. 1914 Max. 97 105 108 Min, 33 33 - 41 Three days 100 or more In July, and five days 100 or more In August. 1915 ' Max. ....;.....100 103 . 105 Min. ' 36 39 44 ' Six days 100 or more In Julv. and nine days 100 or more. In August. 1916 ' Max. 101 94 .105 Min. ; 31 40 - 37 Five days 100 or more in August. , 1917 ,Max. 93 ' 106 1 97 Min.- 30 . 30 40 Two days 100 or more In July. , 1918 Max. . 102 98 104 Min. ....,.:., 31 , 39 38 Four days 100 or more lit August. 1919 ., Max. 94 lbs . : Min. 35 . 67 . whom; NtwniEii 27m. ROUMANIANS THREATEN TO KILL 5 FOR 1 REPORTS STATE TIJAT THEY STARTED TO I'LUXDKR AS SOOX AS THE CITY FELL DEMOBILIZE THE LOCAL POLICE Austria's Counter Proposals to the Peace Terms Handed Over Tomor row, on Schedule T'me Paris, Aug. 5. Telegrams from American officials at Budapest state that the Roumanian troops upon en tering Budapest started plundering la the auburbs. FUlaea or twenty civilians were killed by the Rouman ians during the day.. ' ' The Roumanians demanded host ages, threatening to kill five host ages for each Roumanian soldier ' killed In Budapest. They arrested some or the new Hungarian minis try, mounted machine gun and de mobilized the local police. Palis, Aug. 5. Dr. KarlRenner. Austrian chancellor, announced to day that counter proposals to the peace terms presented to Austria would be handed over tomorrow, within the prescribed time. Copenhagen, Aug. , , 5. Premier Clemenceau, president of 'the peace , conference, . replying to a wireless message from the Italian military mission at Budapest, declares tbat supreme council of the peace con ference does not intend to interfere. In the internal policy of the Hungar ian government. SIX IXJl'REI) IX EXPMSIOX iRaritan N. J., Aug.' 4. Twelve people were killed and many injured in an - explosion of a magazine at the United States army arsenal to day. The fire which followed the explosion' la being' fought. later reporta said that none were killed and only six were injured. The arsenal . 1s threatened with' des truction. , FIRST DAY OF FAIR IS "WITHYCOMBE DAY" Salem, Ore., Aug. 4. Members of ' the state fair board, acting upon tha suggestion . or Governor Olcott, this afternoon designated Septeniber 22,, the first day of the 1919 fair, as Withycombe day, in honor of the late Governor Withycombe. 'Ter haps no man has been a greater fac tor in the development of agriculture and live stock in the state than the late Governor W'lthycomlbe," said Governor Olcott In his letter to the board, "and It would eeem fitting that the state, through its fair, of-. fer some such tribute to the work which be accomplished along these . lines." u Berlin, Aug. 5. The Vorwaerts declares that the entente, by de-' mandlng the surrender of the for mer German emperor Is affording the monarchists an opportunity for noble poses, which la calculated to win sympathy for Count Hohenzollera and bis defenders. "A bit of pru dence might have told the entente that much in advance," the paper adds. The' (Pan -German Deutsche Zeitung says: "The German people, who on June i28th, 1919, a day of dishonor, ' tn cowardly traitorous flight surrendered Its 4mperlal mas ter will again remove this blot from its escutcheon."