! 1 1 I VOL. IX No. 171. GRANTS PAHS, JOSEPHINE OOUKTT, OREGON, TUESDAY, MAV 20, 1919. WHOLE NUMBER- 2674 V N-C 4 STILL IN E SHAPE FOR THE LAST LAP NC-J PUT D.NTIitKI-Y OUT OK RACK IV UlFEhTINU RECEIV ED IV TIIK OCEAN London WniU Anlouly for Faint, cot News of Daring AtuMi-Klian. Strong Wind and Fog Washington, Muy 20. Tbu NC-4 successfully flew from lloru to l'on U del Gardo today. The NC-3 will not be able to resume tlio trans-At-lantlo flight. A mosmige froiu llorta aald the damage resulting from the buffeting the received when forced to alight when noarlug Azores hai deflultely put her out of the race. London, May 20. The weather la so Ibad off the couat of Ireland that the airplanes ordered by the air mln iatry to aeaib for Aviator Harry Hawker'e machine were unable to fly. There was v strong southwest wlud and fog at Intervals during the night. All coinmunloa'.'.on centers In London are silent as to news from Hawker and IJeutenant Commander Or love. Even yesterday's rumors have died out P8LES INFLICT HEAVY LOSS ON UKRAINIANS Warsaw, May 20. The Ukrainian offensive against the Polos has been completely broken. The Poles have occupied Dallca and iNovaalolkl. The Ukrainian losses were extremely heavy, the iPoles say. ARE BEYOND BELIEF London, May 20. "The sights one aees In Armenia are almost beyond belief, and the tales one hears are too ghastly to be Inventions." This Is an extract from a letter an Armenian medical officer, writ ing from the base of 'Mount Ararat, to a fellow countryman In London. The tetter aays: "It miay Interest you to know ot the awful state ot distress existing In the country here. Thousands of people are homeless and absolutely destitute. 'In the town ot Erlvan alone there are 36,000 refugees. Thoir country has been ravaged, the houses burned, and the survivors who . escaped with their lives have nothing ibut the rans they are wear ing. "1 have been sent down here to Inquire Into an epidemic ot typhus among the native population. It is as serious as It was reported to be. "For months the people have been cut off from all communication, with the outside world, with the excep tion of a email area round Brlvan. pie'whole country has been overrun by Its enemies. . There are no sup piles of any kind and the population Is on the verge of starvation, many already 'having died ot .hunger. , Fl : New York, May 20 Noarly 11,000 troops arrived today on five trans ports, including members of the Old Third Oregon. In company H, 162nd Infantry. 4 titt division, company In cluded tour officers and 247 men. FIN SO WORD FROMHRT HAWKER ROM OVERSEAS SHOULD KNOW 01 SOUTH NEIGHBORS I'olk Hays It Is I'm t lliu .Vcusp Mrs to fitNvato Acquaintance of Latin America Washington, May 20. That peace will be lurgoly strengthened on the Western hemisphere by an extonslve i interchange of thought among the peoples ot the various countries was the burden of a statement Acting Bocrotary of State Frank L. Polk to day In urging that the newspapers of the United States devote more at tention to news of the LaUn Ameri can countries. Ms. Polk said be hoped tlie American newspapers would take this means of educating the people ot the Unltod States to better understand and appreciate the Importance and greatness of our nelidiltors of South and-Central Am erica and pointed out that by lend ing their aid to the furtherance of this education the newspapers would bo fulfilling a public duty to the gov ernment. "The more we know of the other countries of North and South Amer ica," said Mr. Tolk today, "the less likelihood there Is of misunderstand ings. The nations of the world are becoming more and more Interde pendent dally with the Increased ef ficiency of transportation and com munication facilities. Exchange ot news results inevitably In better re lations and a fuller comprehension of the efforts that are being made by the different countries to solve the problems ot civilization. Improved commercial relations are accompan ied by "better cultural relations. . . "One result of the European war haa been to show the United States how completely our Interests lie in this hemisphere. With peace restor ed our Interest In European affairs will be more theoretical than real but we have and must have closer relations with our neighbors In Cen tral and South America. The people of Latin America are Intensely Inter ested in the United States. The newspapers ot Central and South 'America print a great deal ot news about this country. It would he of Incalculable benefit if the newspa pers of the United States would pay more attention to news regarding Latin 'America and In a very short time these newspapers could educate the public to seek' further Informa tion and more news about our neigh bors to the South." EIGHT HOUR DAY FOR REATLE STREETCAR MEN Seattle, Wash., May 20. Possibil ity of a strike ot Seattle's municipal streetcar employes was believed to have, beon eliminated vesterdav bv the passage ot an ordinance by the olty council granting the men's de mands for an eight-hour day and time and one-halt pay for overtime work. As the ordinance was made effective May 16, the council appro priated $5,000 to make back pay ments uf overtime. KING ALBERT TRAVELS THE AIRPLANE ROUTE Brussels, May 80. The arrival of the King of the Belgians In Paris to present the case of Belgium be fore the peace conference created great Interest In Parts. The tact that the king made the Journey from his capital to that of the' French re pubUo by air route made his arrival more spectacular. Few knew that the king had orig inally Intended to go to London that morning but changed his mind at the last moment'. Crombes, the young Belgian millionaire aviator, who pi lots him in all of his air travels told the Associated 'Press that his motor was running, his propeller Just gath ering speed when he was Informed by the king that Paris and Hot Lon don was to bq their objective on that particular trip. ; WILSON READY TO RETURN ALL RAILWAYS AND WIRES Recommends Repeal of Wartime Prohibition Law As Ap plied to Wines and BeerWould Abo Discontinue Tax on Soit Drinks and Luxuries-Germans Given Until Wed. ( Washington, May 20. President Wilson hi a message to congress to day recommonded the repeal ot the war time prohibition law so far as It applies to wins' and beer only? He also announced definitely that the railroad systems, the telegraph and telephone lines would he returned to private ownership, and urged re vision of war taxes particularly to abolish manufacturers' and retail sales excises and outlined In general a program respecting labor. The message waa cabled from Paris. I President Wilson expressed the hope to soon be at bis post again J to report upon measures which made his presence at the peace table Im perative. Among the special taxes which the president suggested he eliminated are those on soda water and so-called luxuries such as expensive clothing, personal equipment, patent medicine and toilet preparations, . pianos. sporting goods, candy, cameras, elect trie fans, thermos bottle, motor boats, automobile trucks and acces sories. These taxes were mostly et-j fectlve May r and collection caused much complaint KITH THINKS WALLA WALLA VICE PLACE! Yakima, Wash., May 20. Ruth Garrison Is pleased at the decision that she be kept at the penitentiary and not sent to the asylum. She thinks it will .be much nicer at Walla Walla. EXTENSIVE PUIS' Washington, May 20. With an ever Increasing flood of men return ing home from the iwar to take up anew the tasks ot civil life, many of them wlth greatly- changed ideas ot lite and ambitions and in a quandary as to Just .what to do, are appealing to the department ot the interior for Information as to the intentions of the government In its proposed plan ot providing farms for soldiers.. Such a deluge ot requests has been received from the men who wore the uniform aa to emphasise the lesson of all other wars that the service men, because, ot army life, with Its openness and .activity, largely seek out-of-doors vocations. .The Interior department has al ready explained to more than 40,000 men that the development of its plans rests solely with congress. It Is expected that early .In the extra session which convened yesterday noon, there will he Introduced bills covering the farms-for-eoldlers plan. Brletly the department Is saying that, if such legislation Is . passed, work will begin at once In the de velopment of' cooperative farm set tlements for soldiers and sailors In nearly all the states. In practically every state in the Union there are large areas of land suitable tor this purpose. ' , The plan Involves "the new farm Idea" in that there will toe built what are known aa community set Momenta, each containing a number ot farm homes, so that the men will have near neighbors, good - roads over which to bring their produce to town; and a market tor the sale ot the produce within a short distance of the farm home. Efforts will be made to overcome the handicaps of farm life that are driving the people to the cities the lack of society In the'eountry, the distance ' between FARE FOR RETURNING SOLDIERS Washington, May 20. Represen tative Mondell, of Wyoming, repub lican leader, announced in the house today that a resolution proposing that the equal suffrage constitutional amendment be called up tomorrow for passage. A similar resolution was offered today In the senate. A possibility that the senate re publicans ot the progressive wing may take no part in selecting sen ate committees developed when Ken- yon of Iowa and Jones fc-f Washing ton, followed the example of Borah of Idaho and Johnson of California, and announced that they would not accept places on Lodge's committee on committees. Paris, May 20. The German plen ipotentlaries will deliver their ob servations on the peace treaty terms Wednesday. No extension of time will be given them. The general Im presslon Is that they win ultimately sign. Washington, May 20. Senators predicted today that reoeal orohtbl tlon legislation asked for by Presi dent Wilson will not he enacted Prohibition leaders of both parties are against the repeal. , 6,8721.410 IS REVISED TOTA1 . OF GERMAN" rtSnATriFS Paris, May 20 German war losses up to 'April 30,' last were 2,050,460 dead, 4,207,028 wounded and 615.- 922 prisoners, a total of 6,873,410, according to figures published in Berlin. FOR PROVIDING farm homes, the remoteness from the postofflce and the newspaper, the de sire tor better school facilities for the children. Under the new way there will he the farm village, the settlement of farmers around a cen ter iwhlch A their home, in which can be gathered most of the advant ages of the city the good school, the church, the moving picture, the well-outfitted store, and these, with good roads, the rural express, the telephone,, the automobile and , the postofflce will make life on the farm thing ot far different ' meaning from the Isolated lite it has been. After these service men have bullded dama and canals, or cleared the cut-over land ot etumps, or built the ditches to drain the . swamp lands; after they have helped to erect houses and barns, built fences, constructed roads and laid out town sites, Ibullt creameries, canneries, warehouses and' schools, after they have. In fact reclaimed the land, the government Intends to allow the men to pick out one ot these farms The plan provides that these farms and homes shall be paid for In small payments over a long term of years. It is expected that the men will be able to pay the first small payment out of the wages received from the government in helping to build these settlements. The balance can he paid from athe proceeds from the sale ot crops. . It Is planned that the government will also furnish the new farmers with the necessary stock vand farm Implements, these to be paid for in small payments spread over several years. These farms will contain from 40 to 80 acres for general farming pur poses,. from 80 to 160 for live stock purposes, from 15 to 20 acres for fruit farms and from 5 to 20 acres for1 truck farms. KOREANS AND JAPS WILL NEVER AGREE Unification of Itaoes Impossible. Korea l uder Organized Govern ment for 4 .TOO Years Seoul, Korea, May 20. Unifica tion of the Japanese and Korean races Is impossible, asserts the or ganizing committee of the indepen dence movement In Korea in a state ment which it haa issued setting forth the grievances of 'the Korean people against the Japanese. The two chief reasons for Korea's effort to obtain emancipation from Japanese rule are set forth ty the committee aa follows: "Korea is the'mnch older of the two nations for it has a history of or ganized government extending over a period of 4300 years. During a part ot that time Korea sent tribute to the court of China, but this was nothing more than an outward ex pression of the relation between the Imperial families of the two nations. Korea waa ever the sole noeeesslon of our Korean race and was never nnder the actual control of any for eign nation or government. "The Japanese nation Is an entire ly distinct race from the Korean She is an island people and her nak edness of body and mind could only he covered by the civilization she received from Korea and from China during the centuries of the past. Her customs, her literature, her very clothing eame to' her throueh Korea. Of late years she has added to these the face-powder of a Western dvili zatlon; thus she becomes the whited sepulchre of the Cast She gives no evidence of moral force, her actions toward our nation haa proven her to be the embodiment ot cruelty. -Tha evidence Is complete that the unifi cation of the Japanese and Korean races is an impossibility." MEMBERS COMMISSION Salem, Ore., May 20. Governor Okott today announced appoint ments to the new child welfare com mission. He named Mrs. Millie Tt. Turnbnll and Fred Lockley, of Port land, ftlrs. Fred G. Schilke, of La Grande, Dr. S. W. Debusk. of the University of Oregon, appointed by President Campbell, and Dr. "Robert d. Hall, of Portland, named fav tbe special medical association. The gov ernor named J. W. Ferguson, of Portland, a member ot the state board of accountancy, replacing Ar thur Berridge, who resigned, and will appoint IE. N. Wilson, ot Sled ford, on June 3, when another va cancy occurs. METHODIST PLANS FOR New York, May 20. The Metho dist missionary centenary announced today broad plans for a movement along social lines for world better ment which Includes the adoption ot 12 French towns on the Chateau- Thierry "battlefield for reconstruc tion, the creation of recreation cen ters in many war-worn cities ot France and Italy, the building ' of hospitals In darkest (Africa and es tablishment of agricultural stations to teach American methods In south ern Italy, Chile and other countries. Methodists everywhere are being urged to help in the work. This vast sociological and indus trial enterprise Is to be carried on by a department ot 58,000 young men and women from the schools and colleges. More than 20,000 Methodist Episcopal churches, in cluding bosh the 'Northern and Southern branches are behind the Centenary movement, which Is in spired . by the belief of the church leaders that the world Is confronted by the dangerous spectre ot bolahe- vlsm which should be met by re Uglous influence.. LODGE CLAIMS i SUGGESTIONS WERE IGNORE i i SAYS REVISED LEAGrE OF ' TIOXS WOULD BE DA5GER OUS TO WORLD PEACE SENATE WILL GIVE APPRO Members Without Knowledge Treaty With Germany or With 1 Relations to the League Washington, May 20. Seuaj Lodge, republican leader and ch man of the foreign relations ti mittee, in a statement declared red ti "laj the revised league ot nations acceptable" and predicted it wo not be accepted by the majority the senate without amendment, j Characterizing the new lea; covenant as Included in the pej treaty "as distinctly worse than old and more dangerous to the pe of the world and to American rig! and interests," Senator Lodge j clared that none of the suggest! from the senate or from Elihn R. had been carried out. j Senator Lodge's statement t lows: ,1 " Bo far as I can Judge, and I h: had conversations with many se tors. Including members ot both p ties, I am satisfied that a major ot the" senate feel very strongly t' the league as now presented m receive amendment; that in its pr ent form, without any. change. It unacceptable and would not be cepted. "To say that the amendments i forward In the senate and those p posed and formulated by Mr. R on the suggestion of the state partment have been met Is wtthc any foundation. Not one of t amendments proposed by .Mr. Rc has been carried out. : Some ha been entirely rejected 'and , wh there is an appearance of there hi ing been adopted examination sho that the new form Is distinctly woil than the old and more dangerous the peace ot the world and to 'Ame can rights and Interests. "It is impossible not to enter npj a detailed analysis because, althou we may suppose that the draft the league sent over in the press d patches is fairly accurate, we Ha no knowledge ot the treaty with Ga (Continued on Page 2) GERMANS CLOSEL London, May 20. General Pe shlng's proposed visit to England ad been indefinitely postponed, po etibly due to the belief that It wl be inadvisable tor him to leave tb Rhine until the Germans have eigne the peace treaty. ZAPATA, REBEL CHIEF, ATTILA OF THE SOUTI Cuautla, Mexico, May 20. Leg! ends already are beginning to sprln up among the superstitious and id norant Indians of this state regard! ing lEmiliano Zapata, the rebel chid who. met death near here' on iApri 10. In an attempt to preserve th bandit's' body as long as possible 1 order to give the greatest number oj hla former followers a chance to se it, it- was packed In ice, In the ab sence ot embalming fluids. The ic burst the sides and top of the films coffin and gave rise to the superst tlous tales that the "Attlla of th South," as Zapata was called, wa not really dead, but had burst hi coffin and escaped.