UmIm i f VOL. IX., No. 1 1 J. CAPTAIh On.,. AI MARKICK HKHIGNH, WHICH WILL PROHAIILY STOP INVKHTIUA TION OK SOLDIERS' )I(MI' SHAW A CANOIDE III 1914 Ihvltfmil of OrH!n for 40 Yonr ami IXxxwutrnl for llravnry During Civil Vr lloseburg, Ore,, Mar. 1SI. Com mandant Markee of the OrvKon Sol diers Homo resinned yesterday. The probe of the Institution by the board of control will probably be dropped. Salem, Ore., Mar. 12, Tho unnrd of control baa appointed Captain Jamea I. Shaw, of Milwaukee, Ore ion, commandant of the Kosebur soldier home. He waa a candidate In 1914 when Markee waa appointed. Captain Shaw waa formerly de partment commander of the (). A. R. for Oregon. He nerved through the Civil war, "was wounded throo tlmoa, and decorated for bravery. Ho had been a resident of Oregon for 40 yearn, aa a manufacturer and mer chant. He haa a working knowledge of agriculture, Governor Oli-ott stat ed today. COMMANDANT ROSEBURG l.ondon, Fob, 5 (Correspondence of the Associated Press.) Officers nd men of the Grand fleet mini their comrades of the American bat tleship iquadron which shared the war glgll of the Urltlsh navy. The text Juat made public ' of tho mos sages exchangee by the two force when the American ships departed December 1, shows how strong was the friendship between them. As the American dreadnaugbts teamed away, the British commander-in-chief signalled: "Your comrades of the Grand floct regret your departure. We trust this Is only temporary, and that the Interchange of squadrons from the two great fleets of the Anglo-Saxon race may be repeated. We wish you goodby, good luck, and that you will have a good time and come back soon." y In reply came the following: "Your friendly and brotherly sig nal of God-speed la deeply appreci ated by the officers nnd men of your Sixth battle squadron. We will never forget the hospitality, which has I ni ii do us feel a part of your big fam ily, and we Intend to maintain that relation for all time. We all hope to sorve under your command." The use of the word "your" was " loBt upon no one in the Grand fleet, least of all Admiral Boatty. An other message was Immediately sent: "This Is indicative of the Inti mate brotherly unity and sympathy which exists on both sides of that greatest ocean highway, the Atlantic, and, as It Is now Joined by land, Is kept warm and alive largely by nion of the sea." To which the American squadron made answer: "The officers and men of tho Sixth battleship squadron appreci ate more than can be explained the never-ending hospitality of the offi cers and men of the Grand fleet. We leave with close recolloctlon or our happy stay In those waters, and with hope that we may' soon renew the firm friendship that hag grown up amongst us." PLANES 'it IE TOO LATE AvIiMwr AmrrtM Tlmt Xt One lUxhc Plane Fall IU-foro An American . Airplane In War Now York, Mar. 12. "Not a sin glo Bocho machine was brought down on the western front by an American airplane." "America la boblud every other civilised country In the development of aviation." In a slashing attack upon the gov ornmeut' "lack of policy" toward the future of aviation, Major K. H. taguardla, aviator and member of the house of representatives from tho 14th district of this city, made these statements last night. He declared the 'army, navy and postal departments were responsible for the retardation of aviation devel opment "through tholr overlapping authority in afl activities connected with aviation." He then said that congress would adopt a policy of starvation to these departments In order to bring them to the realization of the Importance of a snpsrate department of aviation. 30 PRIZE FOR IIIUIKr Oregon Agricultural College, Cor vallis, Mar. 12. The thrift campaign of education among school children of Oregon, started last year, Is spreading rapidly to all section of the state, reports Dean J. A. Bexell of the school of commerce of the college who haa Just been officially appointed to represent the Institu tion In assisting the government in its work of thrift education. Twenty thousand copies of thrift cards tiave been sent out to boys and girls of Oregon- by -H. C. Seymour, boys' and girls' club leader. The Oregon Hunkers' association Is again offer ing f&0 aa a prize for the county whose school children make the best showing In saving this year. The 19,18 campaign was won by Jackson county. DIES IN N. Y. HOSPITAL One more Josephine county man who went, to France to do his bit has made the supreme sacrifice and tils body will be brought home for burial. News came here on Tuosday of the death at the base hospital In New York of Glenn Morrison, aged 3D years 2 months and 6 days, death resulting from tumor In the Inner ear. Morrison enlisted In November, 1917, In the 471st Aero Squadron and in a few wecka had sailed for Europe. He returned to the United States December 6 and was expect ing to 1)6 at home in a short while. He spent some time In a hospital with rheumatism, due to exposure. Later he contracted the flue, but re covered. Glenn Morrison Is survived by his mother, Mrs. Adah M. . Morrison, of Iceland, three sisters, Mrs. Alonzo Martin and Mrs. A. C. Epperly, of Placer, and Adah E. Morrison, nurse at the Good Samaritan hospital, Portland, and by three brothers, L. 9. Morrison, of Leland, Corporal Eu gene Morrison, now In Europe, and Don Morrison, now In the .United States awaiting discharge. The body Is expected to arrive here In a few days and will be taken to Kerby for burial. ONLY 9,000 IE IN IHE STATE OF OREGON Portland, Ore., Mar. 12. The fed eral employment service says " the number of unemployed In , Oregon has decreased 3,000 within the past woek, and there are now only 9,000 unemployed. There Is expected to be a perfectly balanced labor situa tion In the state by the first of May. in nil GRANTS PASH, JOSEPHINE COUNTY, I.W.W.SWARM TO RUSSIA BUI All CUE BACK RALLIED TO RED FLAG DURING KEREN8KY REGIME Bt'T V. 8. ATTRACTS Seattle Agitator Will He Tried With Many Others at Wichita, KansaH, for IMttloyalty Wichita, Kan., Mar. 13. Under heavy guard, 82 alleged I. W. W. agitators were brought to trial here today for violating the espionage act. The authorities claim there Is a close connection botween the I. W. W. and the Bolshevikl movement. ' Ten thousand' I. W. W. went to Russia during the Kerensky regime, but they have mostly returned. . Among the men to be tried here Is a man who took a prominent part in the recent general strike at Seat tle, It Is claimed. SAYS TREATY PERVADED WITH CAPITALISTIC SPIRIT Washington, Mar. 12. General opposition to the proposed league of nations Is reflected In recent Ger man newspaper comment received by the state department and made pub lic today. Two of them declare the league as proposed would establish "Anglo-American world domina tion," while another characterizes It as "a league of arms against Ger many." The Vorwaerts asserts that the league "Is a league of victors with out character or trust, despite the welcome establishment of the prin ciple of arbitration, and the treaty la pervaded with a capitalistic spirit." NEW MEN APPOINTED TO CIVIL SERVICE Washington, Mar. 12. President Wilson has appointed Martin MorrL son of Indiana, and George A. Wales of Vermont, to the civil service com mission, replacing John Mcllhenny and Herman Craven, realgned. NEXT CONGRESS 1ST SETTLE RY. QUESTION Washington, Mar. 12. Adjourn ment of congress without legislation providing a solution of the railroad problem leaves this question as one of the principal heritages of the next Congress. Advocates of var ious plans already have begun to promote propaganda for their ' re spective theories, and are prepared to urge congress to' take up consider ation early in the next session. ' At that time, testimony taken be fore the senate Interstate commerce committee of the present congress 'will be avallagle. The new group of legislators will be confronted with recommendations of seven groups of Interests. These are: The railroad administration, railroad executives, railway labor, railroad security owners, Interstate commerce commission, shippers and state com missions. The railroad administration's In dorsement of a five year extension of federal management was opposed by all other Interests, except ,that the labor group's opposition was qualified. All interests except the railroad administration and railway labor advocated return to private management as soon as congress has enacted legislation permitting a larg er measure of unified operation and or stricter government control. The labor forces proposed government ownership with private management. OREGON. WEDNESDAY, MARCH SHIP CAPTAIN HELPLESS 1H ENLISTED MEN ANGRY AT HAVING TO REMAIN AJIJtOAD UECAl'SE OF NEW YORK HARIIOU STRIKE Train TO SINK VESSEL Canadians Sent Home, But iJOO Brit- nd 81 Americana Not Given Square Deal Halifax, N. 8.. Mar. in. Threats of 300 troop of the British army who enlisted in the United States, 81 of them American, cltlzensto sink the transport Toloa unless Immedi ately allowed to land and proceed by rail to their destinations in. the United States, Is reported by the Canadian authorities by Cantain Jackson of the transport. The Toloa had sailed for New York after debarking Canadian troops here, but was ordered back here to coal for the return trip to England, due to the habor strike at New York. The captain said he had no guns aboard and that the ship waa at the mercy of the soldiers. WILL MILD MANY HOMES FOR WORKMEN Fort Collins, Colo., Mar. 12. In order to provide homes needed for workmen and their families, a 150, 040 corporation has been formed in this city which will undertake at once the construction of residences which had "been suspended during the war. The corporation will sell the homes to the workmen at a price slightly above cost, giving them but a moderate return on the capital invested. There has been a shortage of buildings. WEATHER PROFITS PREDICT THAT SPRING IS HERE Rutland, Va Mar. 12. Sweet es sence of spring. A skunk belonging to Postmaster Smith has departed from his box behind the stove as every year at this time a sure sign that spring has arrived, the Inhabi tants say. Y Philadelphia, Mar. 12. 'Bolshe vism In this country Is encouraged by a "flippant attitude" toward law and those placed in authority, ac cording to Judge John M. Patterson, of the Philadelphia Court of Com mon Pleas, in an address here re cently. "The Bolshevik movement has found root here because throughtless remarks are made about the men we have selected or appointed to public offices. If these people don't like the president of the United States, or if they cannot show him the respect to Which his position en titles him, let them move on," con tinued Judge Patterson. "Although I am a republican," said the Judge, "I heartily approve of many of the things which Presi dent Wilson Is trying to do for the country. Ha was elected by. the sovereign people and should be sup ported by all loyal Americans dur ing his term of office. Of course, we hove a right to discuss matters of foctlng our welfare, but that does not mean that we should attack those who differ with us." "If those who came here because they could not tolerate conditions In their own country find that our ways are not to their liking, let them re turn whence they came. Our public officials should be respected until they prove corrupt and then there Is a lawful way of removing them." , 12, join. P TALIS STIR LE DAILY Revolts Spread to Many Cities liut Government Troops Firm Mar Mai Law at Silesia London, Mar. 12. Riot have oc curred in many German towns out side of Berlin and a Spartacan re volt has broken out at Hamburg, the dispatches from Germany today state. The riots resulted from a general strike which was supported by the spartacans. Berlin, Mar. 12. The Spartacans have opened negotiations for sur render to the government forces, ac cording to a report received here. Basen, Mar. 12. A general strike is reported In the Silesia mining dis trict. Martial law has been nro- clalmed at Brlesen. Kulm. Thora and Strassburg districts of West Prus sia, due to (he Spartacan advance. CANNOT WITHDRAW FROM IRRIGATION DISTRICT Medford, Ore.. Mar. 12. Judge F. M. Calkins of the circuit court has denied the petitions of 48 property owners for the exclusion of 6.200 acres from the Medford Irrigation district. The case first was tried before the directors of the district and then appealed to the circuit court The petitioners attacked the constitutionality of the law because they claimed It levied assessments by the acre and not by henefita re ceived, but the court held the law waa constitutional, and it did not attempt to take anything away with out at least returning an equal value. Tne petitioners now threaten to take' their case to the state supreme court, hut attorneys for . the district claim that there Is no valid ground upon which this may be done. REDS LAUNCH HUGE FORCE AGAINST AxiLIED TROOIS Archangel, Mar. 12. Oneratine ten guns the Bolshevik forces yester day shelled the village of Vlatavka. on the Vaga, almost completely des troying it Repeated heaw Infan try attacks followed, but these were repulsed with heavy losses by the Americans, British and Russians. The allies were greatly outnum bered, but fought bravely In the snow. The allied trooDs thla morn ing still occupied the ruins of V la ta vk a and were ready for new at tacks. Vladivostok, Mar. 11. Informa tion received here is to the effect that the Bolshevikl have been driven back from the Pero Kungur railway to Osa, which is stubbornly defend ed. East of Ufa the Siberians ad vanced 20 miles. In the Orenburg region the Bolshevikl captured Kan onlkolska and threaten to cut oft General Dutovo's army. The Jap anese report the present of 5,000 of the enemy In the Amur region. WATCHDOGS BLUFF TRAINMEN La Junta, Colo., Mar. 12. Aire dale dogs placed in the yards of the sugar company at Swink, Colo., proved such good watchdogs that they not only prevented thefts, but they kept away trainmen on the night freight and as a result 20 carloads of sugar had accumulated before the trainmen could be per suaded to enter the yards. NAUGHTY JURYMEN ARE SEVERELY PUNISHED New York, Mar. 12 Because Mrs. Betty Inch was too generous In dis playing her ankles to the Jurymen, who failed to agree on a verdict on the charge of extortion, the prosecu tion erected a four-foot board fence around the witness stand tor the second trial which Is being held to day. Now only Betty's head and shoulders are shown. UP TIB WHOLE NUMB EH 2013, ALL NATIONS TO HAVE USE OF SO RULE THE PEACE DELE GATES WHO M OULD APPOLVT COMMISSION TO OVERSEE KIEL CAKI ALSO AN OPEN WAY Secretary Lansing Emphatic In State. meat That Germans Most Take Part In World Trade Parts, Mar. 12 Recommendations that navigation of the Rhine be opened to ail nations without dls- crifnlnation was made in the report to the peace conference by the com mission on international regulation of waterways, railways and ports. It is suggested that tho Rhine be controlled, by a commission similar to the Danube commission. The status of the Kiel canal Is to be settled on the basis of freedom of use for all the nations for mer chant vessels or warships in time of peace, but the canal to continue un der German ownership and opera- , tlon. 'v FAMOUS RHINE Paris, Mar. 12. Secretary Lan sing spoke at a banquet given by the Inter-allied press club. He said "we have reached a crisis in the attain of the world," sod .was emphatic, la j his statement that the allies mast feed Germany and give the Germans every opportunity to sell their pro. . ducts In foreign markets if danger" of bolshevlsm is to be avoided. . . RICKENBACKER TO RY AT AIRPLANE March Field, Riverside. Cel., Mar. , 12. A three ring aerial circus, will he held here on April 3. Two hun dred planes, with more than enough aviators to man them, are available, and practically all Of them will be utilized In the great show. ' March Field, which Is one of the larger remaining schools for army aviators In the country, has quietly stood back and permitted the officers and cadets at Rockwell Field, near San Diego, and at the Arcadia bal loon school near Los Angeles to put on their shows. Now, having seen all that the others have to offer, the March Field contingent Intends to present all the features of the pre ceding programs with some new and startling additions. Spirals, side slips, nose dives, par achute jumps, mass formations, and all the variations of fancy flying will be demonstrated, while all avail able types of airplanes, from the lumbering grass hoppers used for Instruction to the graceful little scouts of the swiftest style, will be used. As an added feature, Lieutenant Colonel William Thaw and Captain Edward V. Rlckenbacker, will at tend, it is announced, both will fly. U. S. ARMY HAS A NEW AND PPOWEUFl'L CANNON Troy, N. Y., Mar. 12. The United States government has placed an or-' der with the Watervliet Arsenal for a gun to supersede the famous 155- millimeter gun. The new gun is larger, shoots further and does more damage. . It Is called a "one-ninety-four," and two guns were ordered as an experiment. The gun is eight Inches In diame ter, 21 feet six inches long, weighs 12 tons, has a range of ten miles and the projectile weighs 175 pounds It Is the most powerful weapon of Us size in existence.