Rogue River courier. (Grants Pass, Or.) 19??-1918, January 02, 1917, DAILY EDITION, Page PAGE TWO, Image 2

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Ey Ecsas Hirer Courier
As Independent RepabUcaa News
paper. Udted Pnse Leased ,;
Wire, Telegraph Henries. 1
A. K. VOORHH8. Pah. ul Prop,
Catered t the areata Paaa, Ore-
to. Pestomce u aecoad-dasa man
Batter. . .
Oa Tht M-00
6U Monthe ... 1.00
Three Months 1.69
Om Month ... .SO
' Payable la Advance ; '., .
Rata ireat, rata or now east -f
f portion, geuUe ' southwesterly 4
4 wind. - . 4
4 4444444444
. "" TION -,
An Interesting; meeting; u held
at Ashland Fridajr at which the ques
tion ot Rogue river fishing was the
topic tor discussion. A number ot par
tioa from Medford who have been
adptag to manufacture sentiment la
favor of a doted river were rcepon
aiblo for tho calling ot the meeting,
at which a Isa protective association
was formed. While the meeting went
on record la the first Instance for a
dosed river. It later la the session
arrived at Just the prtadple that Is
the oasis of the work being farther
ed by the Josephine County Fish and
Game Protective association.' That
principle Is the recognition of the
right of the people along the stream
to the use ot the chlnook salmon for
food, The salmon la not a sport fish.
It la valued for Its economic worth
only, and the Josephine association
kelleves that there should be no mon
opoly soon the use of the chlnook by
a corporation at the month of the-
The Ashland association, aftr re
. solving in favor of a closed stream,
- reconsidered the question enough to
further resolve In favor of a law
"permitting the people to catch a!
limited amount of salmon for home
consumption by gaS or epear in ad
dition to angling."
This resolution recognises the food
value of the sdmon, and the right
of the people to use the sdmon upon
the table instead of allowing the fish
to rot upon the banks of the river.
The Ashland ' association and the
Grants Pass association are. there
fore working to the same end. Each
wishes to preserve the sport of sted
head fishing and also "conserve the
Chinook salmon as a food fish. Each
wishes to prohibit use of the seine
or the set net and the practical fenc
ing in of the fish by the cannerymen
at the month of the river. Each
wishes to permit the people the use
of the salmon under such regulations
as will guarantee the freedom' of the
steelhesd and other trout from moles
tation. The difference is largely one
of method ot procedure. ' The Ash
land association advocates the bar
barous and outlawed method of spear
ing, and gaffing. The Grants
association favors the use of the gill
net of iVt Inch mesh that will per
mit steelhesds snd other trout to pass
through without Injury. The use or
the gill net under proper regulations
will not destroy an Industry that has
been developed along the river, snd
would permit the people the taste ot
a chlnook while he Is fat and lus
cious. , During the "run" of the
chlnook, every resident, along the
banks of the Rogue should be per
mitted to take salmon for his iwn
use, and restricted commercial fish
ing should supply the mark?ts of
Rogus River, Gold Hill, Ashlau l, and
other valley towns. The As.-ilsnd
' association Is on the right track. Sub
stitute the net of large mesh for the
spegr and the gaff, gentlemen, and
there will be a chance of getting
somewhere with the work. Other-
wise, with esch community alo-g the
upper river endorsing a dlffortnt
form of legislation, the law will stand
fust where it Is. Aad none of us
want that" '' ' 'v i
Well "
Are you using No. 18?
Leap year ran true to- form la
Josephine county, and Dan Cupid
made use ot the opportunities which
custom provides to dear a lot ot
unfinished business off the table. A
search ot the records at the office
ot the county derk shows that ST
marriage licenses were Issued la the
county during lilt. That beat the
115 record by eight, and also' es
tablished a few. other vagaries that
foUow leap year. The first month
ot the year when the fair ones are
supposed to say the word saw a
record ot only two licensee Issued,
the least la the book. The ladles
evidently needed time to get a grip
upon their courage. But after 11
months of the privilege ot,'taktng
the lntlative,' the last month ot
leap year found the record reaching
13 for December, a high record for
the office. And yet It Is safe to wager
that not a girl in Josephine county
will admit having tsken the Initiative
that led up q wedding bells.
131 Paso, Jan. I. A VUlista army
of 5,000 men is within striking dis
tance of Chihuahua City today, ac
cording to reports made to United
States department agents here. Na
tive refugees declare that residents
of the northern capital anticipate an
attack while the movements of Gen
eral Murgia's forces pointed to an
evacuation it the de facto troops were
out numbered.
' In Juarea persistent reports are in
circulation today that General Jose
Sslaiar, Villa's chief lieutenant, is
attacking Chihuahua City from the
In the fighting south ot Ohlhna
bua City large numbers ot Carransis
tss are deserting to Villa in every en
gagement, foreign refugees reaching
the border stated today.
As news of Villa's successes spread
de facto troops are turning to htm
everywhere. Refugees ssy that the
tact that Villa is psylng his troops
In silver and feeding the men. well
and equipping them thoroughly, is
drawing recruits toward him from all
parts of northern Mexico.
After interviewing a score of na
tive and foreign refugees today from
every part of the north. United States
officials estimated that Villa now has
12,000 men operating under his com
mand. One division of hla army is
Phou by Aipertrsn I'rM Assoelatlom ,
. Klgbt of the U rgest ships in the
Hudson river to gl-e 12,000 sailors
Tork. The Army w 1
l ?A&a t ' r " . I
vriii4rt -'''.v , v , .' , , '"""Mi
ifrW$r X' 4 1 1 ' " is
.west ot Chihuahua City, holding the
'line of the Mexican Northwestern
railway. The main body ot VUllstas
is south ot the city and is reported
advancing toward the capital. An
other bandit column under Colonel
Fernandea la said to be moving upon
the etty ot Dareago, capital ot that
state, while esverei other detach
ments of VIHlstaa numbering from
a tew hundred to a few thousand
each are operating In the vicinity of
Torreon and Baltillo. About 400 Vll
llstss, under Manuel Ochoa, are en
camped sixty-five miles south of
Juarea, waiting to cut railway com
munication with the border when
orders are given.
No Sentiment For Jack.
Not every one is imbued with senti
ment, as this story teaches: Fred Jsne,
the writer on uaral subjects, used to
toll Af n Alt saiillani' an n,hital.
Vstlc member of tbe Nary I en true, who
visited Portsmouth snd looked at Nel
son's Victory, lying in tbe harbor. A
bluejscket passed. Tbe old gcntlemsu
seized him sud pointed to tbe Victory.
"D'you know what tbut ship means,
my wanT" be exclaimed.
"Rather." replied tut bluejacket "It's
tbe old tub tbey bkl courts mar
tial in."
, Dticriptive.
"What a Sue bulkliiii; tills 1st What
"You've Just said what It Is."
"How do you lueunl"'
"It's a fi bull.lliis. all right It's
a police eourt."-Baltlinore American.
English Undented.
We observe that In his Jutland bat
tle story Bodyard Kipling uses tbe
phrase "under tbe circumstances." It
is no doubt supported by ussge, but all
the asms we sre rather surprised to
see It employed by such a master of
English style. Tbe proper expression
must surely be "la tbe clrcumstsnees,"
since It Is difficult to see bow yon can
be supposed to be "under" the things
that stand arouud you. There Is an dd
controversy on the subject and we
thought tbe matter bad been settled
long ago. However. "In tbe circum
stances." we venture on this gentle pro
test lu tbe interest of English pure and
undeOled. London Globe.
' Yeu ean give, no msttsr hew
' peer yeu may be. There sre
' many gifts thst sre in the pew '
er ef sll te bestow. The best
' thing te glvs your, enemy, if yeu
hsve one, ts forgiveness, te sn
opponent toltrsnce. te a friend
""-your heart, te yeur child s good
example, to s father deference, to
a mother conduct thst will mske
her proud of you, to yoursolf re
spoet. to all men charity.
Atlnbtlo fleet, Including tbe Oklsboma, our Istest dresdiimiglit, arrived in the
an opportunity to visit tbe Army-Navy football gsme at tbe I'olo grounds, Ne
. .- ,
Washington, Jan. i. Congress
may soon vote oa endorsement of
President Wilson's recent note to
belligerents with its Implied threat ot
a diplomatic break; which many be
lieve could only mean war, should
Germany resume unbridled submar
ine warfare la event peace maaeuvers
fall. v
-' This interpretation was placed to
day upon President Wilson's confer
ence with Chairman Stone of the
enate foreign rdationa committee
late yesterday. It was said Stoae
was commissioned to sound out con
gress oa endorsement of the note,
and Inasmuch aa the note admittedly
carries a warning to Germany, such
endorsement necessarily would mesa
American apprtmd ot the president's
i step.
Secretsry Lansing's first "Interpre
tation" of Wilson's "peace notes,"
add the country had been growing
nearer and nearer the "verge 'or
war," by reason of Infringements by
belligerents on American rights. It
lis admitted this "verge toward war"
I would be la Germany's direction,
slbce not even German diplomats
here have any Idea the United States
would csst their tar lot with Ger
many against the entente dllea.
Furthermore, the administration
bis made it perfectly plain It be
lieves a break of diplomatic rela
tione with Germany would- be soon
followed by a war declaration. Hence,
offldda here, frankly say they be
lieve endorsement of the "peace
notes" would be also endorsement
of whatever action the president
might take should present peace
plans fall and Germany, as predict
ed "cut loose" with her submsrlnes.
'Administration mores, today con
tinued to be hedged In even deeper
secrecy than marked the sending ot
the " notes" and the subse
quent "supplemental hints" that
this government's official insist on
calling them to the warring nations.
It wss believed too that the presi
dent, fearing a congressional upris
ing over the secret diplomacy being
plsyed, desired to descuss with Chair
msn Stone, the possibility of holding
off sny move by congress that might
tear off the Hd.
-Nevertheless, .persons In .close
touch with the situation, insist tbst
at least one objective behind tbe
president's conference with Stone,
wss this matter of congresslond ap
provd of even the extreme step
against Germany, which every one
here admits, seems Inevitable should
pesoe plsns fail.
It was the second conference with
8tone within three dsys. This gsve
the situation Important aspect es
pecially there Is a strong view that
only drastlo action can now lave the
peace maneuvers and force terms
ffom Germany.
Portland, Jan. 2. Today's mar
ket quotstlons were:
Wbest Club, 145; bluestem, 156.
. Oats No. 1 white feed, 35.60.
Barle Feed, 38.60. '
Hogs Best live, 10.26.
Prime steers, 8.60; fsncy cows,
7.00; best calves, 7.00.
. Spring lambs, 10.76.
Eggs Selected local extras, 40.
Butter City creamery, 88 ;, coun
try. 28. . ...
Hens, 17; broilers, 17; geese, IS.
Copper, 20, ;
It Wat Done In Egypt, on Papy
, rut, Thirty Centuries Aqo, v,
The Greeks Used Tswa Criers and Mu
sis, and Than Came fymbele and
Ignaearde The Revolution That
Aseempeded the AH et Printing.
Tbe Egyptian geutlemaa wh,o sought
a runaway slave 8.000 years ago aad
advertised on a bit of papyrua-fec als
recovery turned out the first piece ef
advertising copy. .,
Whoever he wss, be wss a genius In
more thsn a small wsy. Ills copy still
Uvea, preserved In the British museum
as an exhibit ft considers bis archaeo
logical Importance and as an example
of what our advertising experts of to
day would do If they, like tbe Egyp
tian, did not have the benefit of up to
date Information. .
Tbe Egyptians knew nothing about
the topography of sdvertlslng nor the
effect ot different colors, He didn't
know, for Instance, that red is the
most effective eye catcblug color and
that green Is second and black third.
Of these hod a thousand other things
thst influence the character of present
day advertisements be was totally la
Ignorance. But be gets full credit for
making the first attempt at a written
advertisement .: .
Tbe Greeks, with a fine regard for
art, usually made music a part of tbe
advertising program. Tbey gave us
the Idea of employing banda to attract
attention, undoubtedly oue of the most
successful methods of drawing a crowd
at any place and time.
At first a towa crier, accompanied
by a musician playing a lyre or a
harp, 'mingled among tbe Greek peo
ples sod used ouly the best and choic
est Greek to bis extravagant pralsea
of tbe producths wss exploiting. Lat
er, however, private advertisements In
writing began to be Introduced, par
ticularly on tbe whitened wslls of the
homes, giving sode information re
garding the social stsndlng and the
age of the residents, their flnaucld rat
ing and the family lineage.
Tbe Itomans advertised la many
ways. They named tbvlr streets, ad
vertised shows, exhibitions and sates
on tbe terra cotta walls of public
baths, acquainted tbe public wltb sals
of estates aneVabsconded debtors and
began tbe practice of notifying tbe
Romans of articles lost and found aad
houses for sale or rent
Tbe Iiomnns are commonly credited
with the origin of the sign board. To
dsy we bsve tbe bulletin board, which
corresponds to the Roman tabella
found In tbe ruins of Pompeii aad
Herculaneum, where public announce
ments were made.
Advertising met tbe same fata as tbe
Romsns did when the Huna came
sweepbig down from the north. Until
the middle ages vary little of It la
seen. Rut wltb tbe appearance again
of tbe town crier, supplied with the
customsry loug winded declarations
and a choke supply of adjectives, ad
vertising begnn to make Itself felt In
tbe conduct of business affairs. The
public criers began t orgstilxe them
selves both In !'rsiice and in England,
and tbey were persons -with consider
able prestige,
From crying but. tbe superior iiusll
ties of nierchnnJIse and all kinds of
goods snd wares tbe crier soon Ihii
to mske sunouncement of things lost
ind found, of sales.' weddings. rbrl
tenlngs and other tnteretliw eveuts -
Grsduslly as time went un Inns t
Southern California
CALIPORNIAwith Its oranges, IU Winter flowers, Its '
. . beaches, fta mounUIn rssorts, (U tlme-atdned missions, ' .'
Its delightful sunshine and out-of-door life surely the
cdl Is lrrestlble in January.
But a two days' Journey away on dally trains of the
, - delightful
Shasta Limited ", ,
California Express
; San Francisco Express
,' ' " ,
You can secure lickets or complete;
: ' information froni any agent or write ,. .
John M., Bcott, General Passenger Agent, Portland, Oregon
Southern Pacific Lines
ysn to ue dUtltictlvs signs and sym
bols to mark tlnlr bostelrive. Just aa
Individuals bad employed coats of
arms. All kinds of derlcco were used
and are still used by lulls to the prve.
nt day. All aocb signs as tbe blue
anchor, ( the black drsgou, tbe three
14111s, the boar's brad, the red liouj and
so on, nisde definite reprsnrntstlmui
and'tiuplh-stuma. '
. Of coursa with the development of
the printing irM sd'ertlslng took a
great spurt Tbe use of posters came
Into vogue, and all kinds of pamphlets
were printed sud dHtrllimrd, Printing
gradually began to supersede the hand
written manuscript. Wllllsm Caxtoa
set up bis press lu Westminster abbey
lu 1471. ami two centuries later, la
VSH. a newmaer, believed to be the
first real newspaper, was prlufed. It
was called tbe Weekly News and pur.
ported to contain news of doings la
Germany. I'm nee. Huiiitsry and Bohe
mia. r'rotu thru on iivwopapers, mostly
weekly pulillistluns, began to appear
from time to time lu Increailua num
bers. Advertisements of medicines be
gan to be Inwrted in tbe newspapers
st an early dm. The Inwrtlou or the
Orst real iiewaHr sdvertlsementa.
however, Is credited to Nntbsnlel But
ler, who adwrtlwd books.
The 0it two uiSHSslnes to carry ad
rertlaemi'iim were Oodey's Lady-Book
and Petewon', but It was not until
1804 tbst msgstlne advertising really
began, and It wss not until IAHQ that a
general use wss Insde of msgsslnea
for advertising purposes. - PbllsdeK
phla Press.
Keep Tour
In "Print.
By BRttN.
A certain wise man
once said: "Keep your
name in print. Have
something nice said
about you, if possible.
But keep your name in
The man who said
this was unwittingly an
advertising genius. He
knew the value of ad
vertising. The power of adver
tising canrtot be ' meas
ured. It is tremendous.
Successful men and men
who are trying to be
come successful are giv
ing it more attention
than ever.
Have you given ad
vertising the attention it
deserves? If you haven't,
get busy.
DtaBJa ttwalyptMg eiutwiat
Tvece tee ' Jaa boo
""ism ,, ..,, 1 ,. '