NEWS ITEMS FROM TEST BOAT WITH TORPEDO. Damonjof Destruction Will be Suit a i . , , . iijion, iune 9 Sacrificed for .the benefit of naval construction, the monitor Florida, shot two weeks ago with the heaviest naval gun, will, on Saturday. June 13, be punctured beneath her waterline armor by the most powerful American Whitehead torpedo. The first demonstration was to test the respective strength of armor plate and explosive shell, also to show the effectiveness of a new design of fight ing mast. The torpedo is to be sent into the Florida that it may be defi nitely known whether a water-tight bulkhead, specially constructed within her, designed with all the most mod ern ideas of construction, ran h ,l. pended upon to save a ship from de 'M'iiKi.'i?i "iri'-"rui ' ua'iigcfouV method of attack. Secretary Metcalf has invited Sec retary iait to witness the test Railroads In Fear. " "'ngiun, june a. Newspaper hammering of the plan to increase rates has resulted in compelling the railroads to desist therefrom appar ently. The announcement was made at the office of the interstate com merce commission today that the commission had information that new tariffs would be filed July 1. The law compels that new tariffs shall be filed a month in advance of the time new rates are to go into effect. lune has passed, and no increased tariffs have been tiled, indicating that the plan announced after the trunk line meeting at New York, looking to in creased rates beginning July It, has ueen abandoned. 1 he shippers vic tory in this matter is wholy credited to the newspaper publicity, which has been persistent throughout the country against increases. Emergency May Not Arise. Washintgon, June 6 Treasury of finals declared today, after a study of the new currency law, there is nothing in the meamiro wliieh says flint clearing heuse rertittciite are illegal. They Bis express the opinion that not a dollar of the authorized emergency currency will ever be issued. Should an emergency arise, they think that rlearing hous.i certificates instead nf highly taxed emergency currency would be rvaorted to again. Tho treasury department is arranging for (CiOii.noo.noo in emer gency circulation nutes in blank for any bank which might apply for them under the regulations. Cuts Short Third Term Talk. Washington, June 4. Because Pres ident Roosevelt's latest declaration that "no friend of mine" will continue efforts to nominate, the president has . written to one of West Virginia's del egates to the Chicago convention for the specific purpose of heading off what appears to be a united effort to revive the Roosevelt sentiment. More than this, the president's friends, echo ing his sentiment, say that the presi dent has expressed himself to the contrary on this subject in terms which admit of no uncertainty. New Postage Rates. Washington, June 6 I'nele Sam can write to John Hull morn frequently next fall, for after Octnl er 1 it will cost but " cents for each letter instead of 5. Announcement was made today at the olliee of the pnetmnstcr genernj that an agreement has been perfected by which ' the letter rnto between the United State, Kngland, Ireland and Scotland will be reduced from S cents to 2 cents. The ehargn will means a saving of much money, ns the trans Atlantic mails have been increasing rapidly in volume. Will Send More Marines. Washington. June 5. Publication of the United Press dispatch telling of the critical condition of affairs in the republic of Panama, aroused great in terest here, and it was announced to day that 20 additional marines have been ordered sent to the isthmus at once, with orders to protect Ameri can property and help keep order at the coming election. It is also planned to detail on the isthmus a large body of sailors being transferred to and from the Atlantic fleet if conditions do not improve before the election. Qlrl to Practice in Sjprems Court. Washington. June 10. The whole Brgg family has been admitted to practice before the United States su preme court They are from New S'ork Citv. The Beggs comprise Miss Helen, Alexander and Roderick. Miss Hcgg. a handsome girl, is the twenty seventh woman to be admitted to practice before the supreme court. Among the other twenty-six is Bclva I.okwood. former candidate for the residency, who stands first on the list. Held Filibuster. Washington. June 8. Complying with the request of the state depart nient, the minister of foreign affairs of Honduras has ordered the arrest of P. i 11. iter, former president of the Ex port Shipping company, of New Jersey, and the detention of the steamer Oolds borough and her cargo. This Informa tion earn to the department In a dis patch frem Minister Hodge at 8aa Sal vador, dated Wednesday. Plagu Is Still Raging. W'ashington. June 4 The Ameri can charge d'affaires at Caracas has advised the state department that since Mar 2J, the date of the reopen ing of the port of La Guayra. there have been seven cases of plague, two of which are known io nave u .. tal The governmef has caused to be ' published daily bulletins showing plague conditions. The dispatch also reports one death from the plague at Caracas. World Trip for Middles. Washington. Jane 4-Of I Iwo hun ctred members of the class at th i An napolis naval academy who will grad Sate next Friday, lit have been or dered to report to the Atlantic fleet at San Francisco. July 1. The mid dies are jubilant over the project of he ip to the Far East and home .gain by way ol Sue, canal and the Atlantic ocean. WASHINGTON, D.C. WORK OF TRUST LAWYERS. Damn... r. . I 1 wumifmni Mmnri.i n. I n I egr.ty of Courts Washington, June 10 Indignantly denying that the American Federation of Labor had attacked the integrity of the courts, state or national. Presi dent Gompers of that organization Monday night declared that the Fed eration would wage a fight in Chicago on the memorial of New Yorkers, asking for an insertion of . plank in the platform of the Republican party, affirming confidence in the integrity and justice of the courts and insisting on preservation of their independence and full constitutional prerogatives. The executive council of the Federa tion will hold its regular meeting in Chicago during the time the conven tion is held. Mr. Gompers will leave here Thursday. He declared that of protest were attorneys or oth representatives of great corporations. lie said that in Llucago we will as sert our rights, with the hope that the great gathering of Republicans will not be insensible to them. "I believe in the courts." he added "Organized labor does. We have not attackrd their integrity, but that the right of injunction has been abused no one can deny." Government Gets Many Cigars. Washington, June 10. I he in ternal revenue department has planned a series of prosecutions for alleged infractions of the internal rev enue laws all over the United States. Officers of that department made seizures Thursday at two local drug stores on the ground that they were selling cigars in contravention of the internal revenue laws. The tops of boxes to which the majority of the stamps were affixed have been re moved, thereby leaving the packages unprotected by proper stamps. The government contends this is prima facie evidence of the non payment of the taxes, and cigars not protected by stamps must be declared forleitetl to the United States. Big Drydock for Bremerton. Washington, June S. Revised spe cifications for the naval drydock to be built at the Bremerton navy yard, on Puget Sound, were completed to day by Rear Admiral Holliday. chief of the navy yards bureau. It is ex pected that the dock will be complet ed 18 months from July 1, when work is expected to be started. Bids for the construction of the dock have been asked, and it is announced that they will be opened on June IS. I he preparations arc being carried on with dispatch, and it is not thought that any delay will be permitted. The need of the big navy dock on the Pa cific has been made clear by the visit of the Atlantic fleet. Grain Crops Will be Immense. Washington, June 10. A prelim inary estimate of 17,710,000 acres of spring wheat sown, or more than BIll, oiid arces more than last year, and placing the condition of June 1 of winter wheat at Mi per cent, against 77.4 per cent a year ago. and of rye at 01.3 per cent, as against UH.5 per cent on May 1, is made In the June grain report The report estimates the acreage of oats at .31,644.0.10 and barley .ti!i7.oim, and gives the condi tion figures for crops other than wheat as follows: Oats, tttt.9 per cent; barley, Ml. 7 per cent. Metcalf Files Hi Complaint. Washington, June 4. Secretary Metcalf's complaint, filed with the interstate commerce commission, al leges that the Adams, Northern Pa cific and other express companies are gouging the' government. It alleges the companies last July charged 40 cents per 100 too much on merchan dise to the navy yard at Bremerton, Washington. The amount involved is iinoo. The complaint is a test case to determine the rate. Will Decide After July I. Washington, June 9. It is doubtful if the decision of the interstate com merce commission in the Pacific Coast lumber rate cases will be ren dered much before July 1. Several weeks' work remains to be done, al though every effort is being made to expedite tnese decisions. It is pro posed to announce simultaneously the decision in all the Pacific Coast lumber rate cases, as the points in volved arc practically the same in all. Inquiry Will b Ordered. Washington. June 9 The accident on the armored cruiser Tennessee, in which four men were killed and sev eral injured, was caused by the burst ing of a steam pipe while the vessel was off the California coast, and will be thoroughly examined into by- a board of investigation appointed 'by Admiral Sebree. Admiral Sehree has wired a report containing practically the same information as the newspa per dispatches. Bourn Going to Europe. Washington, June 4. Senator Bourne has informed some of his col leagues that he expects to sail for Europe in a short time to join his wife, who is completing a tour around the world. According to these sen ators. Bourne will sail before the Chi cago convention. Several efforts made to locate Bourne and confirm the story were unavailing. New Battleship Named. Washington, June 10. Secretary of the Navy Metcalf has announced that the names of the two new battleships authorized by the last congress will be the Florida and the Utah. The next battleship authorized will be named the Wyoming. Wheeler In Office. Washington. June 10 William R. Wheeler of California has taken the oath of office as assistant secretary of the department of commerce and la bor, to which place he was recently appointed by the president. He for mally entered upon his lew daties. Root Giog let Trninteg. Washington, June 10 Si-rUr Root will leave here Jun tsi and spend several weeks at training establishment and then go to his farm near Utica for the rest of the season. RAILROAD TRAFFIC STOPPED. Entire Stat of Montana a Vast Wast of Water. Helena, Mont.. June 8. With the greatest rainfall in 23 years, Montana is experiencing the most complete de moralization of railroad traffic since the first train crossed the Rocky I rJ'rtL 0L!r'V'' rrL7ed drowned; railruad tracks art washed out in everv direction. Land slides are reported on the Great Northern near Kalispell and the rivers arc rapidly rising. This is th situation briefly summed Up: The property damage to railroads will run into the thousands and many of the big mountain trestles are en- ilanorH Th.r in at vr nn nrnl - .' till ji m Kiuu in kiic uivv iuui . ast night's precipitation is estimated at more than two inches. It is believed that at least six per- 7n! hlVeJOSt .,he'r ,ive " resul, Nine Northern Pacific trains which were held up in the eastern part the state since last Sunday arrived yc.icru.iy anuicii over me ui". Northern tracks. These trains are now stalled at Great Falls, Havre and other points in Northern Montana. On the east of Helena the Great Northern tracks are washed out near Basin and both the morning and even ing trains trom Uutte are held up there. West of Garrison the tracks were I -t,. . ,nA ir. train. haVe beVn ab.to through for a week. I his cuts off all means of transportation to the coast, since the Great Northern trains cannot get tnrougn trom the north. One of the leading theatrical com panies is held uo in Helena now and the probabilities, are it will have to remain here a week. The company has cancelled all its dates for several days ahead SHOOTS AT DREYFUS. Military Journalist Seek Revenge for Insult to Fnnrk A-rrw ' Paris, June 5 Just at the close of the ceremonies attending the canoni - zation of Fmile Zola in the Pantheon yesterday, when the president of east of here. They will be sent to Spo France, the premier and a host of kane on a made-up train. ministers of state were taking their (lenarture, l.oitis Antheno tiregjris, a military writer of note, drew a re - volver and fired two shots point-blank at Major Alfred Dreyfus, for whose liherty Cola fought and won. Men distinguished in all walks of life filled the Pantheon and, when the shots rang out, there was great ex- cnement in tear that the president had been assassinated, but even the attempt on the life of Major Dreyfus created a profound impression. Sol diers speedily surrounded Gregoris and he was aken to jail, bruised and bleeding, with his clothes almost torn from his back, Major Dreyfus was not seriously in- imcu. n uuiiei cmrrcu nis lorearm, nui (i hi not injure tne Done. At a I , iaie nonr ine oinciai statement was mane that his condition was very fa - .....kl. I .U... I:.-!: .tM.uic ...i ma. ii s.umii.wuii were feared. With regard to the erasons for Cire- goris act. the opinion prevails in Pans in.ii inereisinucn iruin in nis avowal mat iic w.s uiiven i me ueeuDy me i'i'W ...... t, w.... wiih. n me ami- V At tts 1 1 l -kinteB i.nA V. . ill.,! . . ..liiiiiiv syit7.in nave ucru iiiieu BHICC the government resolved to place the Doay ot oia in tue 1'antheon. PLANS TO HONOR FLEET. Festivities in Auckland Wilt Continue Four Day. Auckland. N. S. V.. Tune 5. Fes tivities to last over four days have been arranged for the entertaniment of the men of the American battle ship fleet and the governor of New Zealand, all the federal orticials, the mayors and the municipal authorities are to participate in the welcome. On the arrival of the fleet August 8 there wi:i dc an onictai reception and a re view of the volunteers, to be followed by a dinner to the admirals and offi- cers of the fleet in the evening A municipal welcome will be criven the following day and will include a recrntion hv the mitrnr A..bi,j August 13 and U will be devoted to a visit to Rotraqua Lake, where there will be entertainments hv the M:.nri The governor will entertain the vis itors August 14 and this function will be attended by the members of the legislature. Police Protect Money. N'ew York, June 5 A New York, New Haven flt Hartford train earrv, ing eight Adams Express company cars, one of which contained $1.10,000 in can, ciumed with a switch engine in the Bronx yesterday, smashing both engines and derailing the ears A dense crowd rollerteH Kai .h. scene of the wreck, and the reserves were called out to protect the monev which was loose on the floor of the car. The police farmed a line about the wrecked cars and held back the crowd until the money could be re- moved to a place of safety. Frost Damagss Potatoes. Stockton, Cal., June 5 Jack Frost has damaged thousands of acres of po tatoes .tn the islands west of Stock- ton, and consequently the price of the tubers will be high this season. Only a few days ago a large acreage was ruined by frost, and the growers were compelled to replant. The loss is especially heavy because most of the acreage damaged the first time has been ruined again, and because the growers had to purchase seed and pay for the cost of replanting. The total yield will be much reduced. McClellan Gains Five. lew ork. June 5 A net gain of the result of the ballots in th. ft,.. ..Mir votes tor Mayor McClellan was . . - - '..-- nine boxes opened vesterdar in court in the. contested maral.relectJon of -t!o.t. The contents of 35. boxes in all w-ere examined during the day and another vote was added to the Mc- 3" ,L,a.,.rie mayor's net gain for the day being five votes. From 112 boxes so far opened Hearst's net gain IS 11S, day's counting was begun. -. ...,, iti i.i wnrn vt.r. Typhoon Off Australia. London. June S A tvphoon off the est coa.t of Australia is believed to nave wrecxen ports received here concernintr thJr.l.w ni Liverpool . . .ndon' supposed boats coi r aav tht in. I oats comprise the great pearl fish- ing fleet. FLOODSCAUSEHAVOC Montana Cut Of! From Outside by , Raging Elvers. RAIUWADS .LOSE MUCH TRACKAGE Great Steel Bridg.s Washed Out- Wires Down en All Sides Delugs Continues. Missoula, Mont., June 4 At S o'clock - I . - AnrA l eevening w muition in west i . .,ii art-.,. ern Montana was growing more serious eacn mininc. .'. u cut oil from I the outside world. She is without rail Uay, telegraph or telephone communica- "on- For a h rt m ,he afternoon of 'here was a telephone connection, and jt : .the.time. it 1 !.9J'ne;l..tJiat..-d,..e.' ,he .trrams ,,, Helena and vicinity ., ...a u... .. . overflowing, and that there has been a rm much damage io larms and consider able ( - of livestock. The Great Northern's branch linci are out of service, and the main line in northern Montana is cm j gye,..,) places. The first train started eastward out of Spokane over the Great Northern ....... ;..,! Til- i. " "uw communi- VT , 7 All streams continue io rise. The Big BlacKfoot river it nearly its high est flood mark. The Northern Pacific has lost sev eral miles of track east of here during the day. At Bonita, Nimrod and Bear mouth the telegraph operators have been compelled to leave their posts, driven out by the rising waters. At Garrison nearly all the residents have fled from their homes and are camped upon the hills in the rain. , None of the dams on the river have given way. tnougn the nower H.-im owned bv ex-Senatoi William A. Clark, .uu t.ii.". . ,,cu m dc in a I critical condition. Yesterday afternoon the Northern Pa. lcific released by wagon transfer 200 of the oassctigers that have be en niarnnn.-H The damage to the new roadbed of I the St. Paul line between Missoula 1 and Butte will not fall short of a mil. lion dollars, and it ii becoming greater all the time. The Northern Pacific has assembled on this division all of the nile.lrii-pr. from the west that it can get; it has taken from its own western divisions and has borrowed from other roads. The fmht against the water is being carried on by iii.ikh) men, nut tne water is eainins steadily, and the rain continues to fall in torrents. The Missoula river at this place is but a few feet below the hieh- est mark ever registered. The expensive moi-H.-H n nmont th, 1 i city nnuges are in danger, and are oits are thev considered. U't r,( v,..r. ti,. V7.ni,..-.. p;c. I m.i vs niiv nn nui i iv i is ai.ua has no trouble as yet. 1 A m;.i;i,. ,i,. v,.u. t,:c I tne iiuiutiu . ......... ... surrendered the fight igninst the water I east n( i. .JT nrcsent. Un- I,-., the rain iini, Jn. there will he vrry itte ,.ft or W() miles of the most expensive road on the line. Two big steci bridges have been washed out, but ,t not understood that they are de I st royed i he serious feature of the situation is the fact that the high water has ex tended west of Missoula, and is attack ing the track between Missoula and the west end of the state. The Idaho di vision has sent a big force of men over to help in the fight on the west end CRUISER'S BOILER 'BURSTS. Four Men Killed by Explosion on Ten nessee at San Pedro. San Pedro. Cal.. June 6. While the United States armored cruiser Tennes see was steaming ' knots per hour on speed trial off t'onit llueneme, Cal. at 11 :,m yesterday morning, a steam pipe ,he "arboard engine room burst un- dc 235-nound pressure, killing four n,fn anJ injuring ten others all of the mrn 1,1 ,he 5tV"paJr""e,nt Two of the injured will die. The explosion, the cause of which is Kct ""known, occurrea only a few mm les after Admiral I net Sebree, Cap tain J. B. Howard and Chief Engineer Robertson had lett me engine room on a tour of insiiection. rour ol the men were killed inMantly. and two more are expected to die at any moment. Boycott Is Spreading. fokio, June 6. Two hundred thou and yen is now indicated as the size of the proiosed present to Canton guilds if the boycott is umununuea. Mean while advices from north China and Manchuria state that, owing to the ac- tivitv of the Cantonese emissaries, the movement is rapidly spreading through- out the north. J he emissaries are work in systematically and secretly. Their literature makes no mention either of 'he boycott or of Japan, speaking of ' the national disgrace with reference to the country responsive, which the Chi nese all understand means Japan. Water Ca.riers Chsck Raiiroads. Chicago, June 6. The movement in- ugnrated by the western- railroads some f'me ago to incrca freight rates ln per cent in western territory has practically been abandoned by the roads in the western classification, and the transcontinental lines have agreed to a much smaller increase in rates than they at first demanded. Water competition from New lork t- San Kranriu-n which has grown very keen of late, it said to be the mam cans, back of the failure to continue ine original nro- gram of the increase. Judge Administers ReDuk. an Francisco. Line I Til,!, r 1 Lj: -. j . .... aui.i.iiiMci en a I.-..-- - iic veniremen ho are ..tempt.ng to tve jury du,y m ,m? ,r,a' of a,,rr J Bartnett, the alleged bank wrecker. ,ni, mornin). Nearly every man called hJfj ment. Most of them ere deaf either in one ear or the ether. lnj tud ' c ley finally stated that , ,Ptmfd ,h , one ven rrmr. writ nvn i firmaries or hospitals- Only was passed tod.rt. in- BUS M Bringing Back ft .,t London, June It ii dUred flere sKim-. k -, if-imr - . Z. to meet tht continued hort4. Zt I . . I T ' . 1 C.-..a a " IU II1C kullCU NEW PENNY POSTAGE!: Two Cents an Ounce to Great Britain the New Rate. 4M BE OPERATIVE NEAT OCTOBER PostofTiceOfficials Believ Increased Commercial Intercourse Wlil Be the Result. Washington, June . Potmaster General Meyer announced today that an agreement had been reached with the British government providing for tetter postage of 2 cents an ounce between the United States and Great Britain and Ireland, to become .oper ative October 1, 1908. .TJie .fiRUcr,-i...'.!j.-..--jv , Cf-4regz;X" jsr - it is called in England, has been under consideration for some time, and as far back as last July President Roose velt approved Mr. Meyer's course in urging a "restricted union with Eng land.". On October 1, 1907, the Universal Postal Union, which governs the in ternational postage transactions of the various civilized countries, re duced the rate of letter postage from S cents a half-ounce flat to S cents per ounce, and 3 cents each additional ounce, which is the present rate be tween the United States and countries with -which we do not have direct steamship communication, but on mail on which we have to pay an additional charge to countries through which it passes in transit. Under the articles of the Universal Union, however, any two states can form a restricted union. Examples of restricted unions are those now existing which permit a 2 cent an ounce letter rate between the United States and Canada. Postmaster General Meyer believes this reduction in the rate to the United Kingdom ultimately will re sult in an increase in receipts, because it has been found that a reduction in the letter rate resulted finally in in creased revenue. He is also of the opinion that a lower postage will lead to a freer commercial intercourse. Manufacturers, he says, are increasing their sales in Kngland and must rely to a great extent upon mails for or ders and increase of trade. "Further," he stated, "this will be a great boon to our adopted English speaking citizens and their connection here, as it will enable them to keep up correspondence with their relations and friends in the old country at do mestic rates." PREPARES FOR EMERGENCY. Heney Fear Enemies May Get Galla gher and Plan Accordingly. San Francisco, June 4 Convinced that the "higher-ups" have determined to kill former Supervisor James L. Gallagher. Assistant District Attorney Francis J. Heney announced ye terday that he will dismiss the case in which Abraham Rucf is charged with bribing former Supervisir J. I Furey, because Gallagher's tesiimony before the grand jury led to the in dictment. The testimony of a dead man given before a grand jury cannot be used in future action. Repeated attacks on Gallagher's property with dynamite and continuous threats against his life have led Heney to take steps to pre vent the loss of Gallagher's testimony through his death. It is Heney's purpose to file a new information against Rucf in the same premises and call Gallagher as a wit ness at the preliminary hearing. If his testimony is taken in this way, it will be on record. . The necessity for such unusual meth ods is believed to be urgent by the members of the prosecution, who fear for their own lives as well as lor that of Gallagher. This probably will be the next pro cedure against Rucf in the graft cases, and it is proposed to take it as rapid ly as possible, as the prosecution be lieves that the "higher-ups" are be coming more desperate every day. Score Parish in Tornado. Wichita Falls. Tex., June 4 Scores of persons are believed to be dead in the path of a tornado w hich i sweep- . rt . : t ' , ing J exas toaay. ncporis n.u.i.ic that it is the most terrific of all the storms which have visited this part of ih. rnuntrv in the last month. Com munication from most of the damaged area is cut off. Wires are down and railroad fracks are blocked. Many small towns are known to have been struck bv the twister, but no definite information could be obtained as to the extent.of damage this afternoon. Words by the Million. New York, June 4 More than 2,000,000 words of testimony na c been taken already in the govern ment's suit to dissolve the Standard Oil company, now on trial before Special Examiner Franklin Ferris. Before the hearings close anoinn ...... Hoiihtlrss will be added This is said to be the largest mass of testimony ever gathered in a single r-. (nr the nerusal of a court. The number of words included in the ex hibits will add still anotner munon words to the record. Mississippi on Annual Rampag. Ct I nnii Iune 4 The Mississippi river above Quincy. 111.. i rapidly ns in or an A hundreds of homes have al ready been abandoned in that vicinity. Great damage to pr"pcriy ir,,. ...... but so far no deaths are Known io have occurred. The inhabitants who have left the homes which probably ,il he swept from their lounnauon if the floods increase, are fleeing to the high elevations to remain until the . ki- .K.;,l,s The Illinois river bottoms are reported to be inundated. Steamer Long Overdue. Norfolk. Va June 4 The steamer Furopa. which sailed for tiamnurg. Germany. 41 davs ago. bound in re- turn for rortoi. loauru tilirer, was expected to make the trip within 21 days. Nothing has been heard from her. however, in 41 days. NECESSARY. I'rf.Uvnt. Make tiuud ltaa It. I'ntll Jackson's era lu Washington this country aelevted President" who In rvery case bad bud lar.v personal fx- lTieii-v lu national affair, say the Springfield Ilrpulillcun. Washington, A.I ma. JwrTeraon V1-wll.n Monro mi. I . . umi n.vtaa. Juuu Aonuia Wt-re ..i. -a.ut-u ol iru.) atlonnl pri tortious when cliimeii to the uttU-e- of tshlef nragtMtnite. All but Washington and Madison bad even dl; Kanatk exiierlfnoe In Euroe befoi gaining the presidency. With Jackson an entirely new t.T of executive began to ainiear. Jurko.i came straight from the heart of democ racy. He represented the determina tion of the miiMMe to rule, and It mat tered little to the ieople whether or not be had been trained for high executive station by adequate exierUm? In tlw legislative, administrative or diplomat!.' aeri-liv of the government. The tremendous popular sueveiai of the two Jik-kAon administration pro foundly Intliieiieed American xlltlts. Parties desiring to win elections no l - ti rrST'i-fit.7rrrr "irmtnpr n.tti.r.t-nip'.tira";i!' long preliminary training In federal nf fairs In selecting preMldeutial eniull (In tea. The Whig, trj lug to reiioat the Dem ocratic suive -with Ja-kn. nominat ed On. Ilnrrlison In 10 and Sen. Tnylor In IMS, and lth were elected, although neither was Jackson' eiual In natural pcraonul power na leader of men. The Whig tried the "hero" once nre with (Jen. Scott and failed. Then came the Lincoln noml lint Ion by the Kciiubllcnn In IHoO, and Lin coln' deatiny ha been o extraordi nary that the American people have been confirmed. If anything. In their liellef that the ntan of long preliminary service In initlonnl tniHlnesa la not al ways the ncciwanry choh" for the presi dency. Receipts of the Manhattan iMistofTI.'e are now amounting to f.'L.ITO each dny that It Is oiH'ii. During the hint six nionttus there have been burned lu New York City 10.3S.VUK) tons of colli. Iinl IteiKsiiiHtleld love for the li.'tu hie primrose bus Im-cu ieretu!ited by the foundation of the Primrose 1engW'. There hint liecn a notli-eiible Increase ( In the negro insulation of New York City rc-cMly. ami moat of It Is Nettling on the iipia-r went nUIu of Maiilinttjiii Inland. New York City pets a portion of lt milk NiiiHily from lis fur as four hun dred mile dlatniit, and the produt of hii.iHK) fur ins is irawu on to mcei in dully wants. It has laseome known Mint the three attempt made by Kir Thomas Llpton to capture the America' cup, .the In trinsic vulue of which la about $2.M), have coat him t."M 0.0 Kl for yiichts alone. Slin-e the CHtnlillHliiiicnt of the Rom an Catholic dlocee of New Y'ork a wntnrv niro there luia lMell erm'ted 111 . ti. ..reit,.rr f CrMnir New York one church building In every two hundred days. A k. 1 -. . .1. ....I ... I . t A -.u.HiwI Bn.1 . a ......a -' i , "iflonr suitable for mixing with cereals yellow lizard, full grow n and nllve, ' were found In the hinrt of an onk log split by Jowph M'H'l'wkey. hear Hell-1 wood. I'a. The log hud tavn cut from a tree more than fifty years old. Criminal records kept In New Y'ork iiHinty for the lust six years show that a trifle more tliini one-lmlf of Mm s-r-1 sons ehnrged with crime are found .,iift- u-lillu cTiM.rt oi.lnloii Is nsriHHl : ...,t ,.f h..n,lr...l r inn. ii. 'i .... v '.. .-. .-.. -- - - Innocent. In the course of a report to the Brit ish Colonial office the resident of Horgti province. Nigeria, mention time the chief Koknfil. Is wild to have reached the age nf '-'"". while his son did not die until Is? was 157. The bitter visited , Kokoto not many years ago. Iiavld Howell Ims dletl at Stroud In firmary at tlie age of 102. Ho worked on farm In the Stroud district all his life, being employed on one for between sixty and seventy year. He attrlhiftcd hla longevity to simple f.ssl, hard work ami no worry.. London Standard. Klectrle l.laht Malba. It has been remarked that the effec tive life of Incandescent electric lamps 1 Is much longer with clear than with ground glass bulb. K. I llytle ex plains this fact follow: A thin de posit of carbon Is formed on the In terior surface of the bulbs, and this alisorlis a certain portion of the radia tion from the filament. When the glass Is clear the light passes straight through, suffering definite loss from the eartsm film. When the glass Is frosted the light undergoes many re flections In the Interior of the bulb from the Innumerable facets, and at och reflection It loses something on account of the olistrm-tlng film. The consequence Is that the total amount of loss Is much grester with ground glass thsn with clear glass. Mr. Hyde' experiment show that the filament lasts as long In the one kind of bulb Id th other. Youth' Companion. War He Maara4. O'FUnnagan cam bom on night with a deep band of black around hi bat. "Why, Mike!" exclaimed bis wife. "What are ye wear In' that mournful thing forT "I'm wesrln' It for yer first husband," replied Mike, firmly. "I'm sorry be t tead." Everybody' Magazine. Larkla Oalf Kserrteaee. Jim I promised my old 'ooman two year ago that first time I ever corned bom 'nebrated I'd give ber a Ave pun not an' Fin proud to say ber never hat It yet. Oartw Ah, now but I reckon she's thought every other night she wus en titled to four pound nineteen an' six. The Sketch. F.veryone suffer wruiig for which there la do reined, FACTS IN TAELOID FOO. AiiKtralin'a oii'y benat of prey Is the dlli,:o, or wild dg. Iiiidon tim-a 5.i.i tons of s.igar an nually for Jniu-iiiaklng. -rmsfKr. srrrrrsrrar. i i?5 more men than women. Kor every ton of gold In circulation there are fifteen tons of silver. The total wage paid to textile work er In litrmany Inereaaetl from f(t2, HS.tsiO lu l.HMi to Icr.'.ftUMKiO In l'.HC. Mu'b as It raliMi In Kuglaud, there till revlla an lncllaHltlon on the part of Ix.th uieu and woiun to writ riililxT overnlioea. (ireat attention la U'lng given In Bo hiinla to the bu!(.lng of iiwxi n t .1 lu bl"i not only to (imvlde water power but to Icnmcii tlie ilaiiuigt-a from floods. Miidiuii I to the nursemaid, who has Just brour'it Imine h.-r four children from a . ulk ) 1 Vnr me. Anna, how changed the thiMien look nlix-e I Inst are the rlg!it ouea?- Kllcg.'iide Bltietti-r. Alzen Is Hie mime given to new nietnl, whlrli Is eomNiaed of two pnrtM of alumina n and one urt of r.lnc. It la wild to ispial inst Iron In strength, hut la iini.-h more elastic. Alzen la Niiperior Iu-.-hiihc It da uot rust and take a hi -r'l latllf ti. Out of the 1U." counties w-til.-h the State of Khiwhh hax within It domains at least fifty hare uo pauper. One half of the county xr farm are emp ty, save for the kccricr. who draws hi salary and wult for imtronage. Kao sua City Journal. Iu 1T!M) the poMilatlon of Bnltlntor aaa only i:i,.Vi3; It was fifty yearn, or In HU). tx'fore Hultlmore had rllmhed up into Vw 100,000 -Ihh; she could flntt count half a million In 1IMN); and to-duy the ollli-lnl record dlacloee a Iiopulatlou of i'kNO,K10. lecturing iH'fore the Institution of Klectrlcal KiigliHs-ra, at Ioiidon, Kir Willliim lVeov aald that the propoal to niiike the metric system compuls ory ai'eiiMI m-nrccly within the rnngit of priii-tlrnl polltl.-s at prefM'nt, for tho Anglo-Sit x ui race of mniiufiu'turltig eu-glntH-ra were neiirly all uxmed to It . In Old I.yiuie, Conneetlcut, la one of (he cclelimted Franklin inlleHtones wliloli In lT'd saw WiiMlilngton kiss Into Lyime on his wny from Cnnihrldge after the Krlllali hud evaluated Hon ton. I-'riinkllii meiiHured the miles by a ninebliie of Ills o.vn Invention, attach ed to hi cIiuIm', tln iiniNHstor of our eyetomeier. "It Is nhvnys n delight to tour with KtMIe Koy." says an netor. "Once In the town of Keokuk, Iowa, Koy and I went Into a burlier' to get aliaved. When the burlier got through with hlin Foy applied litis hiitidkcri-hlcf to his fuee and aald: Young mnn, you have1 inlawed your vsMittlon. You ought to be an oyster oMiier. " Tamarind weds are to be reckoned among the fairly nutritious plant pro duets thnt have been remrted to pro vide food during periods of famine In India, says Nut lire. The piilp of the fruit Is au eateemi-d Ingredient of cer- eoiHllnieuts The kernels of tin seeds when freed from the skin and rousted furnish a not unwholesome o make small c:;kc. At a meeting of the Ixindon 7.Mihle cnl Kis-lety the secretary Mlnted out that the young giraffes have relatively much shorter ne-ks than their parents; tlie in-ck In the former Iwlng not long er thiin the fore leifs. which It Inrgely exi-einls in length In the bitter. This, of course. Is only what one should nut- '"' hs1 to o.i-ur. but It, hever- theless, serves to bring the giraffe one step nearer the okapl. Mexican lands In a virgin state, sult- 1 . . - .. . a "r "- "'a , sltunteil lu tlie tropical imrnons or rne country that Is, In the States of Vera Cruz, Chiapas and Tulmaxti range In price from fl to W gold an n.-re. In tlie Tamph-o section, stnte of Taiuullii iwa, one fliwls ssich lands higher In ' l... Ii.H.iv r.f IrnnrliMtnt tl.itri.l iitn " ' ' iinvniK in.. i i.. t-.ii-L if. in. i-ii ..na ... value of pr.sjNTty. An F-gyptlun mining center proba bly worked as early as 2.VSI It. C was In the eastern desert. Istween the Bed Sea and the Nile. The lately dis covered remains dcacrllasl by C. J. At- ford Include small Irregular stone huts, arranged In groups of two or three to town large enougti for 1,0(K) men. The ancient workings are hurled In mind. Tlie only veatlge of mining anilluiM-e are elliptical nihlilng stones for coarse crushing and quartx mills for reducing the rock to flue powder, ready for wash ing out ttm gold. Scotland ptswaac several railwat anomalies, of which probably the most notable la that of the stations of M al ia Ig and Kyle, of IxM-halsh, which, though only twenty mile apart In a straight Hue, are sopu rated by no lea than 300 miles of rail by the shortest route, vis., Crlanlarl"h, Hitlipihldder, Perth and Inverness. Yet another Scotch Incongruity la that the nearest railway station to the town of Irt Kl leu, on the Island of I slay. If we except the small local line at Cartqibelltown, Is Ballycastle, In Ireland. Ixindon OI.s Mew Oar Armf la Peraa4. The average cltlsen. It I safe to ay, has a very bazy kbsi concerning the size and constitution of the lnlted State army. A writer In Harper'e Weekly give ane intereetlug facts Issarlng n Oils nuitter. Tla govern ment dreams of an army numWIiig 70,nis trsM. The prewnt strength I 67.000. Of tt theoretU-al 70,0SJ sol diers Hie 13 regiments of cavalry, Which never lack their full complement, ' mirlse nearly 14.0sr otDct-rs snd men. th six reglmetita of field artillery, B.ridO; tl conat artillery cnrris rliawt nprti 2,0ii; the engineers. 2,'SiO, and the rcn.atnder consists of the atjiH corris, lmllss ao's snd a small niim Nt of natlta ldir I I'ort Ith ami tie rhillta.in, Iht 4J aautw of coinn,laiiinsl vfintl t fcaaauta atxjut 3,'JX.