V r - OREGON STATE ITEMS OF INTEREST SIEIKE A BICH VEIN. Large and WellDefined Ledge Discor erod at Cottag Grove. Cottage Grove A flattering find la reported from tie Bohemia mining die trict. It waa made recently in the claim known aa the Big Maud, ownsd by Colonel W. II. Ulair. Tb or i taid to be high-grade and the ledge is large and well defined. The usual degree of activity prevail throughout the eamp, and good result are in evidence. The Oregon Soeuritiee and Vwwviu are in lull operation, employing large force of men. The annual assessment work tot this year ii nearly completed on the large number of claims held bj private parties. r Activity in the lumbering business is constantly on the increase, notwith standing the operators are unable to move their products. The ear shortage is seriously felt by the 18 mills in this locality. One company alone has about J 00 carloads on the docks, and is simply unable to secure cars. This is the ease, however, with all the mills. The lum bermen are advocating the enactment of a law making it a penalty for a rail road company when it fails to furnish cars within a specified time after the order is placed. They contend that they are not dealt with fairly in the matter, as the railroad eonipanv im poses a demurrage of (1 a day when a car is not loaded within 48 hours after the tir.e it is spotted. The railroad company, on the other band, takes its own time and pleasure to furnish cars. With about 250,000 worth of lumber cut and ready to move, the lumbermen are hopeful that they will soon get re lief. They are running full capacity aud orders for more lumber are pouring in, and if cars are not furnished soon they will be compelled to close their plants. SUCCESSFUL STAMP MILL. Five-Horsepower Plant Opens Mew Era In Mining Industry. La Grande Assay returns have been received by the Aurelia company from concentrates turned out on the trial run of the mill recently installed by that company on its mining property up the Grand Konde ttiver. These assays show values ranging from $225 to $250 to the ton, with a loss of about 15 per cent in the waste. The recent run of the mill shows that the ore will run $15 or more per ton, and when the machinery is placed in first-class working condi tion from 90 to 05 per cent of the val ues can be saved. The mill installed is but amalL Only five-horsepower is required to run the crusher and other machinery, and but one man is needed to superintend the entire plant. Mining men are enthusi astic over the success of the mill, and believe this character of mill has solved the problem of how to handle the ore of the Grand Konde district. A few years ago it was the opinion of miners that the up-river country ores could not be worked with small capital; that not less than $50,000 'or $100,000 would be re quired to isstall a suitable plant for the treatment of the ores found there. The trial of the Aurelia company has proved that the ore can be handled on a very much smaller scale, with high percentage of profits, or even higher, to the ton than with heavy stamp machin ery. It is the intention of the Aurelia company to put in another mill next veur. Other owners of mining property In the same district will follow their ex ample. WORK OF IIATCIIEBIES. Soason's Work Has Boen Satisfactory in All Coast Stations. Salem The report of Master Fish Warden II. G. Van Duscn for the month of October shows that the season's work has been satiwfactory in all Coast stream hatcheries, but not so good in the hatcheries on tributaries of the Co lumbia. Begsrding hatchery opera tions the report says: With the exception of a few more salmon to spawn at Ontario, we are through with the work of collecting chinook salmon spawn at our different hatchorios tributary to the Columbia River, and from reports roceived the following collections have been made: No. egg taken. Salmon River hatchery 875,000 McKenzie River hatchery eta- tion 5,970,000 "Wallowa River hatchery 5H6.000 Ontario salmon hatchery 2,130,000 Total 9,571,000 Delegates Appointed by Governor. Salem Governor Chamberlain baa appointed the following residents of Oregon to represent the state at the annual convention of the National Riv ers and Harbors Congress at Washing ton, D. C, December fi and 7: R. K. Hoge, J N. Teal, W. D. Wheelwright, Portland; John H. Smith, Astoria; Pe ter LoKRi, Marshfield; J. D. Peters, The Dalles; L. A. Lewis, Portland; Henry Hahn, Portland; J. A. Smith, Portland. Plenty of Logs, ut No Car. Salem Owing to difficulty in secur ing ears, the Spauldihg Company 'a saw mill in this city will very likely close down in a few days, with 11,000,000 feet of logs ready to saw and a ready market for the lumber. Expert Will Inspect Bridge, Oregon City The County Court baa decided to employ an expert to make a thorough examination of the suspension bridge across the Willamette River in this city and ascertain the extent of the repairs that are needed for the preservation of the atructure. Bandon Enjoya Prosperity. Bandon Bandon is enjoying eorne thing of a real estate boom, and lota that migbt have been purchased for $10 each last Spring are selling for $100 and finding ready market at that price. Activity in manufactur ing accounts for the boom. The aal man eannery, broom-handle factory, wood pine plant, brewery, match fac tory and foundry are running full time and the Bandon woolen milla are run ning dav and night to keep np with or ders, the shingle milla are running to their full capacity, and the Cody Lum ber Company is building a mid that will bave a aracity of 75,000 feet a day. 8UOAi OUTPUT IS LARGE. La Grande Factory Will Turn Out Over 50,000 Sacks. La Grande The new track of the Central Railway has reached the Hunt grade opposite Cone, and a spur for loading beets has been put in. This reduces the hauling distance from the Cone beet fields materially, as the end of the track is now about three miles and a half from the farms. Most of (liie Ceue beets remain to be delivered and the harvest in that locality has been postponed as long as possible, ; awaiting- railroad facilities Superin tendent Darnwell says that ten days or two weeks will be required to get ail the beets to the factory. The factory has been running most satisfactorily, without a hitch or halt, from the time the season opened, la addition to the fine output of beets, the sugar percenage is higher this year than ever before. It is estimated that iue luijitr uuipui luis season win vm between 50,000 and 60,000 Backs, or from 50 o 300 cars. The factory will probaCly run four weeks longer. HAT SHORTAGE ON COOS BAT. Farmers So Not Produca Enough to Supply Local Market. North Bend Bringing hay from the Willamette Valley to Xorth Bend and Marshfield is something like carrying coals to Newcastle, yet nearly every boat that comet here from Portland lands a quantity of bay. Around Co quille'some bay is grown for the mar ket, but it costs nearly as much to bring hay from that point to Marsh field, a distance of 15 miles, as it does to bring it from Portland. If the bay is consigned to North Bend it roust be transferred from the can to boata at Marshfield, and that costs $1 a ton ex tra. Valley grass bay can be pur chased in Portland for $9 a ton, and it costs $3 a ton for freight. This hay retails for $13 a ton. There is no clean timothy or clover hay to be bad here at any price and Oregon grass is at a premium. On the bottom lands in Coos County four and five tons an acre of oat hay can be raised, and clover and timothy grow well on the rich bench lands. Organize a Water Company. La Grande Articles of incorporation have been filed for the Mill Creek Wa ter Company, with a capital stock of $12,500. La Grande will be the prin cipal place of business. The incorpor ators are George Krieger, Ambrose Wright and August Bahrens. The ob ject i to appropriate 1000 inches of water from Mill Crock, above Summer ville, to be used for irrigation and other purposes. The incorporators have re cently become interested in large tracts of land and some extensive improve ments are to be made. New Cement Tester at V. of O. Eugene There has been installed in the Government timber-testing station a standard cement-testing macnine with a capacity of 1000 pounds. The imacliiiie is a neat affair and makes a valuable addition to the apparatus al ready in the plant. J. B. Knapp, th I Government expert, who is in charge of the timber-testing station, is a very busy man, aa samples of Oregon tim ber are constantly being sent here for I the purpose of being examined and tested. Mill Buya Standing Timber. Eugene M. 8. Barker has purchased 2,000,000 feet of standiug timber from C. Arnel, nenr Mareola. The land will be logged olf at once and the timber brought to Barker's sawmill here. Loses by Car Shortage. Heppner W. W. Stabler shipped out this week the sheep ilint he has been bidding here for five weeks for Inek of cars. He says that it cost him $250 per week to hold the shoep here, and as he has held them five weeks he is out a neat sum. PORTLAND MARKETS. Wheat Export basis: Club, 63(a64c; bluestem, oU(ii67c; Valley, 60c; red, 60ri 81c, ! OntsNo. 1 white, $24.50025.50; gray, $23.50(?T24. Barley Peed, $21.50 per ton; brew ing. $22; rolled, $23. I Rye $1.3C(S 1.40 per cwt. Corn Whole, $25.50; cracked, $26.50 per ton. Hay Valley timothy, No. 1, $ll(o12 per ton; Eastern Oregon timothy, $14fd) 16; clover, aityis; cneat, .ouiaa.ou; grain hay, $7.508.50; alfalfa, $11.50; vetch hay, $77.50. t Fruits Apples, common to choice, 25 (?75 per box; choice to fancy, 75c $1.50; grapes, $1.40(?i)1.65 erate; pears, 75c(fi$1.25; cranberries, $1010.50 per barrel; quinces, $l(al.25 per box; per simmons, $1.50 per box. Vegetables Cabbage, ljlf pound; cauliflower, $1.25 per dozen; celery, 75 (fi;85e per dozen; egg plant, $1.50 per crate; lettuce, bead, zoe per aozen; onions, 1012J per dozen; bell pep pers, 6c; pumpkins, lje per pound; spin arh, 4(f5e per pound; tomatoes, 3050e per box; parsley, 10(fS15c; squash, lje per pound; turnips, U0c(g$l per sack; carrots, 90c(fr$l per aaek; beets, 1.25($ 1.50 per sack; horseradish, 9(ffl0e per pound; sweet potatoes, 252J per pound. Onions--Oregon, 75c(il$l per hundred. Potatoes Oregon Burbanks, fancy, 85WuOe; common, 6075e. Butter Fancy creamery, 25(g271 per pound. Eggs Oregon ranch, 3335e per dozen. Poultry Average old bens, 12(J13e per pound; mixed chickens, 12(ifl2)ej Spring, 12((E13c; old roosters, 910c; dressed chickens, 13fi;14e; turkeys, live, IftYiM'te; turkeys, dressed, choice, 2(i) 22Jc; geese, live, 99Je; ducks, 14tjJ 15c. Veal Dressed, 51((?8I per ponnd. Beef Dressed bulls, 2$v2e frf pound; cows, 4(g5e; eountry steers, 5 Mutton Dressed, fancy, t(g9e per ponnd; ordinary, fitfT'e. Fork Dreased, 6(ii Se per pound. Hops 1906, choice, 13u;16e; prime, l.V'iMe; medium, lL'iglile per ponnd; old, nominal. Wool Eastern Oregon average best, 13(ale per pound, according to shrink age; Vallev, 20(Ti 21e, according to fine ness; Mohair, choice, 26g2Se, SMALLPOX IN PHILIPPINES. Dlaaae ilawl Eaitrvlr Era4leats ar larelaallaa. The records of the bureau of health at Manila show that within the last twelve mouths 213 0"0 people have been vaccinated by officials and many more by private physicians. When It la re membered that Manila's population la nut more than xi.iixt. It can be under stood why. In the year ended lee. 31, l!K'l. there were ouly twenty-seven deaths from smallixix. Ten of the twenty-seven were Europeans or Amer icans who had neglected or avoided vaccination, says the New York Trib une. During the Spnnlsb regime a law ex-, bited mating Tact Ir.atlon compulsory, but the chief good which resulted froui the law was that the people became ae ruMtoincd to Its existence on the statute books and did not greatly object to It or streiiouxly resist Its application at the bands of the Americans. In a few provinces difficulties were met. In these cases vaccinators were at once withdrawn and the pueblos left to themselves. Within six months the con trast betweeu the vaccinated and un vacclnnted pueblos was so marked that the chief men of the objecting niunlel pnlltlee requested the vaccinators to return. Aa smallpox Is epidemic and pan demic In the Philippines, the necessity for a division of vaccination In the board of health la very great The or iginal plan was to organize a corps of 3.V) vaccinators. That number was eon kiditd utn.mitjf lu order to vaccinate the tnhahltanta of the Islands within three years. Owtng to the depleted con dition of the Insular treasury, the com mission has been unable to authorize the employment of ao large a number, and with the small number of men available the question arises whether vaccination will not have to be prac ticed continuously for many years In or der to Immunize the 6.000,000 Inhabit ants who are now In those Islands and their offspring aa It arrlvea. Smalliox In the Philippines occupied, prior to the advent of the Americans, about the same position In regard to Its frequency, Its mortality and Its preva lence that It did In Europe prior to the discovery of vaccination, and aa waa the case In Europe, so In the Philip pines, It seems to be almost a disease of childhood. The explanation of this Is that all natives who have reached adult age were exposed to smallpox In childhood, and those who did not con tract the disease may be considered Im mune. Smallpox In Manila Is no longer to be feared, according to the annual re port of the bureau of health for the Philippine Islands, and not ao many cases occur In proportion to Its Inhab itants aa In the cities of Washington and Baltimore. In revolutionary times American col leges, which we are apt to regard aa little schools of narrow theology, were really centers of light on practical questions. Princeton played an Im portant part In the Revolution, not be cause a battle waa fougnt near the old Nassau building, but because the presi dent, John Wltherspoou, waa a vigor ous liberal thinker, v He was the only clergyman In the Congress which signed the Declaration of Independence. Scotsman by birth, he had come to America when he waa forty-six years old. It did not take him long to throw his whole sympathy with the American people. He said himself; "A man will become an American by residing In the country three months. His writings on religious subjects were known on both continents, and when he turned his direct and powerful ien to American nffnlrs, he became one of the most powerful pleader of the American cnune. He knew the use of vituperation, but most of his pamph lets are free from the abusive manner of Thomns Paine, anil approach the In telligence mid fair-mindedness of Burke. "There Is not the least reason yet." he writes In 1774. "to think that the king, the parliament, or even the peo ple of Great Britain, have been able to enter Into the great principles of uni versal liberty, or are willing to hear the discussion of the point of right without prejudice." , No wonder that Massachusetts Con gressmen on their way to Philadelphia, after they bad been reviled and hooted In New York and several New Jersey towns, found Princeton an oasis In the desert; and no wonder the Tories call ed Wltherspoon a dangerous firebrand, and honored him by burning his effigy with those tf Washington, Lee and Putnam. t'siel tmm'm Marhlaerf. Cncle Ram la credited with making the best machinery, and John Bull sella the most Of American mano factures machines and machinery constitute the premier nort. amounting In 1004 to $82,078,000, being the largest export of any one country, save the United King dom, whose export amounted to $1021)0 In 10O4. The fact that the United Kingdom leads In the value of Ita exports of machines and machinal- la due wholly to lta large exporta of textile maenmery, a branch of the ma chine trade wherein we have nn corded export, while we are fourth on the list of countries to which the Unit ed Kingdom exports textile machinery, jomlng after Germany, France and Ita ly. Some machines and machinery ex ported are special to the United State. If other nations produce tfwm f. port It I not known. These Yankee specialties are caan mrlaters. in.i machinery, metal working mnehi pumpa and pumping machinery, shoe mscuiuery ami typewriting machines; Brldae. "Theresa no bridge over the TTeii. pont," mused Hero, "and where thr-. no bridge there's no society In the true sense, so I'll Just stay on this aide. And that was whv LesmW h..f w sweat IU swim for It Puck. We have 'observed that the better the family the less fuss there Is made over the announcement of wedding la It ;H-t Opinions of ISTEBFEBEfO TTH FREEDOM EAL1N1 la grain Is supiiosed to be a com- Dl pt-tltive businwii, iu wtiloU one man can en I gug 8 ta a, auoitier. provldeU he ha iue I iiCiSS:H7 cnnltHl Pvi.l Lrsiinrtit nnt lit recent bsrlngs before the Interstate Com merce CoouiiIkkIou ludlcates that this suppo sition Is contrary to the facts of the situa tion. One dek'r told how he had been driven out of business by railroad discrimination In favor of a rival concern. Perhaps the aiost ilpilflcant teHtlmony, however, was that of W. 8. Warren, former president of the Chicago Board of Trade. Mr. Warren told the commission that ten years ago frln 150 to 2hj grain merchants were regularly doing busing, on the board, whereas now there are but twenty three, When asked to w hat he attrib uted the change, Mr. Warren replied, 'To the fact that nmuy men have been driven out of business by discrim inations which the railroads have practiced lu favor of certain larce elevator companies." It la obvious that the law Increasing the powers of the Interstate Comineree Commission for the punnise of enabling It to put an end to Just such abuses was passed none toofa. U shuuld be equaly apparent that the successful enforcement of that law and the actual termination of tuch gross outrages aa are described to the conimlHJtloo by reputable witnesses can alone prevent the adoption of nir radical measures aimed at unfair railroad and their associate coiisplrator. Chicago News. BASK PLUNDEBINQ. BE man who will deliberately abuse the aT I trust reposed lu him to the extent of dlssl I I pattng the hard earned savings of trusting A I neonle. ! a difficult character tn annlvie. 11 mutt be utterly devoid of moral eense, possess i conscience ao calloused that It cun not distinguish between rlKbt and wrong, be aelflsh to a degree hardly to be appreciated, or have pecu liar ldeaa In otber directions hard to define. There Is something radically wrong with him, and pity It la that the fact la not discovered before bla wrong doing 1 found out The looting of the Milwaukee avenue bank of Chicago suppllea an Illustration of one or more of such charac ters or of all of them combined. The more the affairs of that bank are Investigated, the more apparent does It become that Its officers and directors were nothing more than a private comblnatlonof gamblers who used the mon ey of depositors for real estate s;eculatlon, market flyers, and horse race betting. Its papers contain fake notes, forgeries, records of plain stealing such as never before have been found In the vaults of a defunct Institution. These papers show that the game waa played with shrewdness, Indeed, so shrewdly as to deceive the bank examiners. Yet theft could have been detected and ahould have been detected If the bank qualified for the performance or their duties. Bunk plundering occurs more on this account than on auy other. It baa been ssld that it Is no use to CORNISH COURAGE. The man who handles sails must think for himself and act for himself. When the flsherninn starts for his Ash ing grounds, or the pilot turns home ward agnln, there Is no coach road along which he can drive a straight course. He must be tlde-dodglng and sall-trlnunlng, finding hi own way across shoals and currents. In "Mast and Sail" the author glres an example of Cornish courage. There was the skipper, Roger Ben nett, and there was a crew of six men and the boy. One of the men waa 111, and "Uncle Dick" went In his place. Uncle Dick, by reason of his being sick with malaria, was wearing all that a deep-sen fisherman wears In winter. Including vast sea boots and a complete set of oilaklna. It was thirty mile off the Lizard lights when everything was ready In the St. Michael to shoot the nets for the n!iclib It was running down-wind with small ml 7.7-en and fore sail, and the big westerly seas rolled up astern, backed by the fierce breeze, which, with a falling glass, threatened a stormy night. Aa It was cautiously Jibed, prepara tory to bringing It to, to lower sail, the boy, against orders, got down to lee ward, and when the foresail sheet gath ered Itself np and with the crack of a pistol went rigid as a bar of steel. It caught the astonished boy beneath the armpits, hoisted blin Into the air, and shot him twenty yards away Into the glooming sens. Uncle Dick etood on the weather quarter and aaw, and aa be stood, plunged over the atern after the boy. The cry of "Man overboard l" doe not avail to bring a vessel into the wind when running at ten knot before an Atlantic blow. With helm hard down and all bands hardening In the sheet. It will be four hundred yard to lee ward In the time that you can aay It So the sweeps and all available floating stuff sent overboard after the men were almost l"t to slftht by the time the St Michael bad brought Itself np to meet the sens. Another band bad thrown off his clothes, and with the end of a email line In bis teeth, sprang overboard. While the boy eoon bad to act as ree cuer to the old mnn. spent by sickness nd encumbered with bis vast weight of clothing, the new arrival collected all he could of the floating stuff and fought bis way to hi" fnst-drownlng shipmates, "Cheer up, Uncle Dick I Hold on. un cle!" the boy "Pt saying. "Here she comes! I see Roper face quite plain. I do." At last all were alongside, and the exhausted men were taken on board. LIFE IN THE KLONDIKE. Wastes Are His" aat the PHtt Are la Proaortlva. In Dawson City and other place In the Klondike S3 nta 1 the amanest piece of money In circulation, ana there are children who never aaw any thing uialler, ays a writer In Leslie's Weeklv A man who had not Deen out of Dawson for five year exhibited a dime which be was keeping as a curl "'tr. Waee are nign, dui tne necessaries o life are correspondingly expensive, j tmmms Great Papers on Important Subjects. 07 TRADE. the horse has been stolen. Tbte may be true In aome In stances, but locking the barn to prevent bank plundering Is simply securing men as bank examlnera who cannot a sccclvcd ana directors. The barn lamsport (Pa.) Grit the signs of the times. very fact that the X to Justice aud the graftera and unlawful truste rorcea to disgorge la evidence of this. The widespread Interest In municipal reform and the Importance attached by the whole country to the overthrow of vice In our cltlee la substantial testimony that conditions In every way, ao for as public morals are concerned, are Improving. The ruthless suppression of the social evil and effort everywhere to compel adherence to the law on the part of saloon-keepers marks a great advance over conditions aa they existed twenty-five yeara ago. Bo great Is the public Interest In efforts of this kind that the fact that the en forced closing of saloons In Kansas City on Sunday, the purification of a portion of Flttsburg from the demoralis ing Influences of place of evil resorj, and similar reform In other cltlee Is made the subject of more or less elab orate dispatches. A doxen years ago these things would have been considered purely local Issues ; to-day ao sensi tive la the public conscience to this whole question of moral reform and civic regeneration that the greatest news service In the country regards them a of sufficient Importance to telegraph them broadcast The world la growing decidedly better. Philadelphia Press. THE COST OF CUBA. T cost of Cuba. For this the Cubans have shown little grati tude. While they have bere the best of market for the larger part of what they produce, they have not recip rocated In trade. Other countrlea have been favored nearly or quite a much aa the United States In supply ing the wants of the Cubans. Euro;ean merchauts and manufacturers have a larger trade with the Island now than before It became Independent It la true that American exports to Cuba have In creased In the last two or three year, but In no such degree as have the imports from Cuba. A vast amount of American capital has been Invested In developing American Industrie there, but It has lieen of no very great benefit thus far to our trade. Chicago Journal examlnera were lock the barn after so after all It la only the handling of larger sume of money. Canned goods ore universally used, and aa spoken of by the housekeeper aa "tinned goods." Evaporated potatoes are eaten until midsummer, when the Yukon boats bring In a fresh supply, and even these sell at 13 cents a pound. Crystallized eggs are used far cooking purpose aud fresh (T) one are cheap In mid summer at fl a dozen. Three egga to order tn a restaurant will cost tho diner from 75 cents to $1, and In win ter perhaps $1.80. Fowl do not thrive and chicken rarely appear on the menu card. Caribou ateak 1 common arid may be had for $1. A light lunch, consisting of a piece of pie and a email glass of milk, costs the business man CO cents. Cans of condensed milk are found on all resteurant tables. A small bole Is punched In the top and from this milk Is poured Into the coffee or tea. Table d'hote meals are served for $1, "easily within the reach of all." While almost everything eaten at thla meal Is of the "tinned" variety, the food Is very palatable. The dinner con sists of soup, fish,, a roast of aome sort potatoes (usually the evaporated kind), a vegetable, pie or pudding, and tea or coffee. Dawson boosta of several hot buuses, and during the early summer for 50 ceuta extra a few leaves or let tuce or half a doxen frail-looking spring onions will be added. The fish are de lleloue, and people often refuse the roast and take a large portion of flan Instead. Clothing la likewise expensive, and a tailor-made gown la a luxury, and one which sella anywhere In the State for $40 will bring $80 In Dawson. The cause of thla la not the rapacity of the merchant, but the cost of transporta tion. There la no place In the world which haa a wider range of temperature than Dawson. In winter the mercury drop to 00 and 70 degrees below aero, and the ordinary ehermometer goe out of business and a spirit Instrument U used to register the degree of cold. In midsummer It sometimes become ao warm that the alulc boxe at the mines are worked at night which I al ways cool. Instead of during the day. Thl can easily be done, ae throughout the summer the sun comes up before 8 In the morning and goes out of eight after 10 In the evening. The red glow remains all night and one may read a newspaper by a wfndow at midnight The "Cbeechaeo" (the Indian word for newcomer, and th popular term for tenderfoot) finds It difficult to go to sleep on account of the light Thla la reversed In winter, and during Decem ber and January there are only three hours of daylight each day. THE FOOD CF THE FUTURE. eleaea Will Maaafaar It WHa at Natare'a t'aaal Praeesa. A few years ago Prof. Berthelot, of Paris, stated that at the present rate of progress. In the year 2000 coal, wood, peat, etc., will be displaced aa fuel by new and moat powerful source of mechanical energy. He further aa aerted that a large porthm of our food products would be directly manufac tured through the advance of synthetic chemistry, from the constituent ele ments, carbon, oxygen, hydrogen and nitrogen. Our milk, egg and flour will event Soot!W.nsei "j rascaiiv " can be locked tn tula case. m- THE IMPROVrSQ WORLD. HOSE pessimistic ludlvlduala who discern la the reiterated account of the arrest of the boodlers, the arralgnmeut of trust and the prevalence of crime In high placea an occa sion for declaiming ujon the Increasing de generacy of the age, not only raise a false note, but they fall utterly to Interpret aright The world Is getting better Instead of worse. , The guilty are being detected and brought the United States heavily In men and money to wrest Cuba from Spain. More millions were expended In preparing the Isl and for Independence and giving Its people a lesson In how to govern themselves. His tory doea not afford a parallel to the self sacrificing course of this country In behalf ually be made In factories. Already eggs have been manufactured by artlfl clal means. Alizarin Is a compound manufactured by chemists, by means of which a great agricultural Industry waa destroyed. Alizarin Is the principal of the madder root, from which were extracted the Juice necessary for dyeing cloth and different materials. The madder root waa grown to an enormous extent in Persia, India and the Levant. From there It spread to Spain, Holland and the nhlne province. It was used very largely In continental Europe, and 80 years ago Its annual Importation Into England was to the amount of $1,250, 000. By the new and synthetic process of manufacture alizarin haa displaced and supplanted the natural product so that the madder field In Europe have ceased to exist Again, pure ludlgo as a product hoe been manufactured direct from Ita ele ment, and the natural product will soon give up the ghost Thelne and caffeine are obtained from different sources, yet as tea and coffee they are chemically Identical In construction. Tlieohroinlne Is the es sential principle of cocoa, and cocoa has already been reproduced In the la boratory. The pure nicotine of the tobacco has been obtained by Prof. Bertbelot through the treatment of salomlne, a natural gluctsode, with hy drogen. Tobacco Is but eo much vege table fibre In which nicotine 1 largely stored. So, If all signs fall not, the tea plants, the coffee ahruhs, the toboeco planta and the cocoa trees will soon fol low the madder root Into limbo. Vanilla, with which Ice cream la largely flavored. Is the product of the vanilla or tonka bean. Many of our chocolate and confectionery manufac tories are now using a system by mean of which vanillin can be produced from artificial vanillin by the chemical process much more cheaply and effec tively than by the old system. Conse quently natural vanilla la now being driven from the market. Vanillin In chemical construction la very nearly al lied to the aromatic, the distinctive principle of clovee and allspice. Flower perfume, colognes, rose wa ter, vegetable odor and scents of me dicinal value will aoon be chemically manufactured. Meadow-street haa al ready been largely compounded and old. A BMMmas. "What's the matter with your headT Inquired the first bunco man. "A farmer I met to-day Juet banged me there with bla carpet bag," replied the other. "It must bave been a pretty bard carpet bag." "Tea, It bad a gold brick In It that I bad aold him yesterday." Phila delphia Press. . la AktraiM, "I thought you were going to Flori da for a couple of weeks V "I'm afraid not I've been figuring on a railroad accident lately " "Tou mean you figured 'In' a rail road accident T" "No, 'on.' I've been figuring on that railroad stock of mine paying a divi dendPhiladelphia Prena, Some people are so agreeable that they arc disagreeable TEACHER IN FAR WEST. Moa t'rav44 Oat af lae rrafoaalaa- Plalat at a Waalvra Pllnrlaa. A man from a fur Western State drifted Into the office of tho Board of , Education lu New York City and mad Inquiries about the number of men and omen teacher employed lu the public hoola. "I am glad." be said, after be had received the Information, "that thersr t't remain some male teachers." "Why doe that surprlae youf be as asked. "It Is so different lu the far western States,' he answered. "It uia astoiiUU you to know that the man school teach er Is becoming so scarce west of the Missouri Ulver that he Is classified as vanishing species, the same a th bhtuu. "I am not saying that the reault U hurting the educational system of the) part of the continent from which I hall. The woman teacher Is doing her work satisfactorily. Her pay with us Is euual to that of tho man teacher w henever bo Is found. But you have to travel uilta lu aome sections before you Hud a teacher who used to wield the rod In the good old way. "I was talking with the principal of normal school lu Colorado before I left aud he told me that the man who) takes a course for the pursue of teach ing Is now tlie exception. 1 asked hiiu how he accounted for It. He traced the beginning of the dla- aiMH-arance back to the Civil War. The old teachers laid aside the chalk aud the rod and enlisted. Many of them never cume buck. When they went away to fight thtf children had to bo educated. At flrst this system of education waa of the home mude aort The mothers taught the girls; the boys at home had to do the work. Thus the girls became teach ers, and they took the place of the school teacher who had gone to th front "You folks In the East did not notice It, for your population Is so niucn greater than ours. You had men who) stayed at home. Many who came lute your State or city from elsewhere re mained here. The opjwrtunltle to teneu were more numerous with you than with us. "The men who went West from east ern State went to make their fortune In mining or In other pursuits. The women kept pushing their way Into the school bouses. "The teachers who returned from the war found their place In the school houses taken by women. Even If It hud been otherwise the returning soldier who had previously taught were either broken down physlcully or they hod t engage In work which brought better and quicker returns. You see, men were still scarce In the West at that time. They were need ed lu the stores, the factories and the mini. One Western State that I have in mind sent 75,000 men to the front for the Union. You people here have no conception of what that meant to a State that was, by comparison, sparsely populated. "Some of the far Western States have never yet recovered from that drain. Immigration haa done a great deal to make up for It In many ways, but not In the educational way. "And so It has come about that the women have become the teachers, and they have Increased until they ore now as twenty to ono of the opiMislte sex. In twenty-five years there won't be a male teacher tn tlie public schools of the fur West" New York Sun. THE MAN OF MODERATE MEANS, Bat lie Haa I fur m Mltle More Money, "I wouldn't want," said the man of moderate- means, "to be as rich aa Kresus; I wouldn't even want money enough to make me lazy. I think great riches, that Is, great, would be bad for most of us ; but I really would like to hove money enough ao that I could wear any aort of colthea I wanted lit any aort of weather. Aa It la, it like this : "My stock of clothe 1 limited. I have enough to make me presentable In fair weather but no reserve of suclt clothes and of course I can't afford to take chances with what I've got, and to rainy weather la always an object at concern to me. "'Shall I wear my good clothesT I say to myself, aa I look out at the sky on a lowery morning, 'or shall I put on my old ones 7 1 don't wnnt to wear my old clothes If It going to clear off and I can't afford to wear my good clothe If It going to rain, and being In thla state of mind doea not help me any In my Judgment, for a man can come closer to guessing right on thing tn which he Is not personally Interested than be can on things In which be la. "So sometime I start out with my good clothe on days that ttirn out to be rainy, though oftener I wear my old clothe on day that turn out to be blight and aunny, when I might Just aa well aa not bave worn my good one, necessity naturally tending to make one overcautious. "But still, I can't afford to take a chance. "I wouldn't want to be a rich aa Jon Jakob Aster, nor even aa old man Ilookerfeler, but I would like to have money enough so that I could wear any sort of clothe I wanted to In any aort of weather." Wkm Ha Waa Urar. A young man of 83 summers, whose balr la still brown, met the other day a. friend much younger, but whoso hair 1 quite white. "What I the reason," eald the latter, "that you do not grow grayT "Oh," replied the first "thit It eaa lly explained. I have the gray matter on my brain, Inside," Syrieuse Post Standard. Oh, fba Jar af fit "I tell you," said the struggling ao tbor, "If I could ouly assume the name I want I'd write something great" "How do you mean? What name do you want to assume?" "John D. Uockefeller's. I'd write my self a check for a couple of million." Philadelphia Press. When a man ran work others he, cannot be worked himself.