OREGON STATE ITEMS OF INTEREST PLANS NEW INSTITUTION. OPENING EIVEE TO CORVAIAIS. Stats Secures DU on Building of Negation May goon Bo Carried on Homo for Feeble-Minded. I Nearly All the Year. Salem For the first time in the bi-1 Corvallis Improvement of the upper lory or uregoo, this stste ba gone Willamette .... i wai discussed bere tousy bout the establishment of a publia in- by David B. Ogdea, engineer in charge titution in a businesslike way. In of the Willamette expenditure!, and planning for the establishment of a members of the Citizens' League. The borne for the feeble-minded, the Board snagboat Mathloma baa been working of Public Building Commissioners ar- on the upper river for two weeks and ranged to send Huneriiitimlnt n W is to eoutinue in the vicinity of Cor- Jones, of the State Blind School, on a tour of Eastern Btatea for the purpose of gathering data which will euable this state to avoid the errors for which other states have paid by dear expert . . V. . . ...... I . valli thrniiishnut tha emuinir W6ek The famous cutoff, where the Wil lumutt has lirnkxn through a new ehan net ana reuuoej a ay-niue sireicu w leas than a mile by leaving a circuitous . a. - route lor a direct one. nas ueeo pro with this end iu view are being worked tn l.v th engineers. Their recoiniuen- .v n ; - dations for appropriations cover in this particular. For two years the amrir has hn an carried on. Mr. Og- den thinks that in another two years . . . a, l 1 it the plan will be eonsuinmaieu ami navigation be not achieved throughout the summer, it will at least be so bet tered that there will be cut a very auuit r.ori.l nf inactivity. Local citizens sre much encouraged by the attitude of the engineering people, ana are yrcyai ing to co-operate fully. - r IUUIO I'll UH cv k uuv, Mw - I - vL V. r. V. . . ...... . . . . .... i I-..-. uu viuoi ! luaiiiunuua tically cleared of snags, wnicn uaa oeen wrere established, the locations were se-k nieDace to navigation. Biinilar work Jeeted and the buildings constructed jg t0 te ,jonB jn other directions, 'with littla anticinatinn nf futnra nnmla. I ikl. :. n th nn. f - - i x ue Ul a I U tuinc, uun c ?i 1 1 w. .. la the case of the home for the feeble- ferenfe between Mr. Ogden and the cit- minded it will be different. The Board jzens was the chance of an all year nav is looking particularly to the require- Ration by boats to Corvallis. Plans nicnts of such an institution 25 or 50 wi.h this end iu view are being worked years or more hence. Superintendent Jones filed bis report yesterday a voluminous document ac companied by statistics from institu tions visited by him. Most valuable of all is the information he gained by per sonal conversation with the managers of similar institutions in the Eastern States. Superintendent Jones concludes bis report as follows: "Oregon eannot de lay this important work much longer without laying ua liable to the charge of neglecting one of the most important tw..,i ..nnn n. aa a nnnnia. Oreiron must City Park For Eugene ant Ka tha last Northern State to make Tnosno At a atiecial meeting of the . . . . : . . . . .1 . . ... - . provision for this elass, ana it is to do city Council the deeds lor to acree ui hoped tfiat the wise plans of the last Hnl on the Fairmount Hills were offl- l ixriKlatnra will ba carried into effect nllv ..ivo,l nn behalf of the city for fcy the coming session." L new city park. The members of the Council have been woraing on mia proj ect quietly for some weeks past. A most agreeable surprise was given the citizens in attendance at the meeting when Mayor Wilkina announced that Mr. and Mrs. T. O. Hendricks had bought 47 acres of the tract and had turned it over to the Council as a gift in tha nnnulo nf tha citv. The new park will be known as Hendricks Park. Bobbed Gray 'a Harbor Company. Pendleton T. W. Powell, represent ing the Gray's Harbor Lumber Com STEAMERS FOB KLAMATH LAKE. On Being Built at Klamath Falls and Ono at Portland. Klamath Falls Navigation as a per manent means of transportation of the Klamath Basin is to be more effectu ally established by the founding of a new steamer route between Klamath Palls and Fort Klamath. There is now being built at the local boatyards a new st regular Klamath eamboat that will be operatea ' which was succeeded bere by the ly botween this place and Fort ; i.otit,.h Lumber Company, announced , making the trip in about fujthat W. J. SewelL the defaulting man- in each direction. Ibis line win:..,.. . ha utter company, who wai hmira lie especially devoted to the cultivation algo the manager for the former com t plnaer trade relations between the inir ita existence here, bad em people of the country lying norm oi . ,ezzled something like -U,UUJ or me Upper Klamath Lake and to caring for 0rayg Harbor Company's funds. The the tourist travel of the summer sesson ' totftl anlount 0f his peculations will for Crater Lake and other points of in- thug Bmout to more than 130,000. terest in that direction. . Work is progressing very satisfacto rily deepening the Klamath Kiver at a Annual Fair In Lane County, imint lust below Lake Ewauna, where a EugeneAt a meeting of the citizens reef about 30 feet in width has been a'0f Kugene it was decided to rorra a cor barrier to navigation at the low stage poration for the purpose of holding an n. i : . M i. V... ! .a ' " t fuir in T.Iinfl L O U D t V . oi tne stream, i n huhubi ---- . .. - moved by the efforts of the Klamath chairman Wilkins appointed the roliow-Lake-Navigation Company, which is ing committee on organization: W uuam having a second steamer built to ply.tireen, J. M. Williams, D. h. Yoran, U. the river and Lower Klamath Lake. Spray May Have Caused Deatn. Hood River James H. McOinnis, a native of Ontario, Can., who has been . a .1 1 T If Mln. ataying with Dis oroiner, u. i nis, an employe of the Menominee Lum ber Mill, died very suddenly Tuesday from what is now thought to have been poison. At the time of bis sudden ill ness he was attended by a physician, who could not diagnose his case, but left a prescription which, it is said, failed to help him, and he died in a short time. Hinee his death it has been discov ered that Mc(iinnis, who had only been bere a short time, bad been in the habit of enting a good ninny apples and that they were covered with spray, which he did not wipe off. The spray is poi onous and symptoms with which ho was attneked, such as vomiting and se vere pains in the abdomes. now lead his friends to think that he diod from its effects. Finances of Clackamas. rt.or.nn ritv The net indebtedness of Clackamas County, according to the semi-annual report of Clerk Oreenman, just completed, and covering the sir months ending September 30 Inst, is 03 335.24. Thero are outstanding war rants to the amount of 53,D94 53 upon which the. estimated interest is f 1.H0U. In addition there are outstanding road warrants aggregating 1,-34f;'1- . the total indebtedness of $4,1J7.J-, there is applicable cash on hand and uncollected taxes amounting to uy 781 OS, reducing the actual Indebtedness to io3.335.24. Clerk Oreenman 'a report also shows the current expenses of the county for the period covered " port to have been i24.030.13, and in the same, length of time the county spent 41,522.64 in the improvement or roads. Gordon and F. L. Chambers. Imnrovement Company Formed. v. n.or.,l An incornoration to be known as the La Grande Improvement capital stock of $15,000. The Ineorpo. iiiwiroA I.. Cleaven. Frank K, Beinhoff and William B. Sargent. The object is to buy land ana Duua nouc. POBTLANT MARKETS. Agricultural Society Election. n..ji.-.Tiia I'matilla County Ag ricultural Society held a meeting re- Gently in the par lor. of t he Commercial Association and re-elected Leon Cohn,' Lei Teutsch and C K. Roosevelt a. the !hr members of the Third IBon District Fair Commission This Commission, which consists of seven mheri: will hold its regular business meetfnTi-T hi. city Tuel.y, Nov.m IS. On. t th. other member. B. v H vnd of Heppner, is elected by the So row 'vLiP Agricultural Society while three are appointed by the Gov ernor. In Taror of a JuU M11L Tendleton - The Inland Empire Wbeatgrowers' Association held a meet- Ur at Which It was oeciuru .m. ---w ,rt should be made to secure at the effort snouiti !i..ra tha nec- r:Vf -i hTdau committee w , farm(ri r" Tover thf. actlo'n will be Pre r".. IVslatur. . t. aid i- the pa cage of the desired bilL polk Orchardirts Elated. T,aUas-The r"T' of rork C7?i. Pallas i n- i i iucf.as of the .r. high y ;'"'n l ,,r(fer and better first appl f w'. ' , nej for next phow Vhrexhib t of hoice fruit ha. vear. The . , th waiam- f. Ue.V II rsisel in the wor J when rrha.ndTrer-ng their fru.t The New York Journal of Commerce said of cascara bark: a i...i.alA il,. filer in cascara sagTa da of Portland, Or., declared that not more than five cars had been peeled this ...nx.n anil TnOV ints from the irnthering sections were generally in lots of 200 to 500 pounds. There is a fairly steady demand on spot, and some ton lots are wanted for export, iuoianoui are uns tained at 10V(aV2a as to age, quantity and seller. Wheat Kxport basis: Club, 64c; blueatem, 6Xc; Valley, 00c; red, 61e. OntsNo. 1 white, 24.5025.50; grav, 23.50fa 24.00. jinrley Feed, 21.50 per ton; brew ing, 22; rolled, $23. Kye 1.33((il.40 per cwt. , Corn Whole, $25.00; cracked, $20.50 per ton. ' Millntuffs Bran, city, $14.50; coun try. $13.50 per ton; middlings, $24.00; shorts, City, fio.uo; rounui, ton; chop, U. 8. Mills, $13.50; linseed dairy food, $18.00; acalfa meal, $18.00 per ton. , Hay Valley timothy, No. 1, $10(o)ll per ton; Kastern Oregon timothy, $14(iQ fri6.00; clover, $6.50f7.00; cheat, $7(V 7.50; grain nay, s.uu; annua, f"., vetch hay, $7(i?7.50. Pomestie Fruits Apples, commou to choice, 25e(??75e per box; choice to fan cy, 75cCi$l-50; grapes, $1.50(a1.65 per crate; peaches, 75cr?$l; pears, 75ea $1.25; ersnnernes, lapm, pr uanci, quinces, $lij?1.25 per box; persimmons, 5e per pound. . Fresh Vsgetables CababgAj 1 tm li nnimil' aanliflnwer. $1.25 per dosen; celery, 75((T83e per dozen; egg Plant, $1.50 per erate; leiiure, ueu, tvo i bell peppers, 6e; pumpkins, l4e pound; splnaen, (aoe per pounuj lom.iu. v (a SO per box; parsley, 10(a15; squash, l4e per pound; hothouse lettuce, 50(g) 75 per box. o.i,t v.Mlititm Tn rains. tOtdttl per sack; carrots, 0e$i per sack; beets, $l.25(il.50 per sack; garlic, 7 V i n uia luinnn: noraeranian, fitvw , . . , , ---- ' per pound; sweet potatoes, syjittie per P0,",,, ...a v..4...t ftninna iirecnn. iocdiii per nuuuifi i4a Rnvinir nrices: Ore iron Bnrbanks, fsney, 0c; common, 63(?80fl, Ifutter City creameries: Extra creamery, 30 per pound. State cream eries: Fancy creamery, 25g;27V4e; store butter, 16(iil7e. I Kggs Oregon ranch. 33(7T33e per dot 'en; best Eastern, 26(27e; ordinary Eastern, 241 25c. I cheese Ores-oa full cream twins, 14rtfl4Mie Young America, 15(?fl5Mie, Poultry Average old hens, 12(?J13e; mixed chickens, 12ffl2e; Spring, 12(V 13c; old roosters, 9(il0e; dressed chick ens, 13(3 14c; turkeys, live, 17tfl7V4e; turkeys, dressed, choice, 21ft22,e ; HrrOc-. ducks. 14 (fI5c; pigeons, $1(?1.50; squabs, $-(S 3.0O. Cattle Best steers, $3.5Srtf3.,5; me dium. $3(a3.23; rows. $2.25r, 2.65; sec ond grade cows. $22.33; bulls, $1.50 .Ort; calves. $4(tf4.50. Sheep Best, $4.50T4.T3; lambs, $3 ' iirt-Be.t, $3.50(26.75; lightweight, t0.23. CAPTURE SOLDIERS' SUPPLIES. Utea Loot Wagon, While Troops Qo on Short Rations. Rhorlrlan. Wvo.. Nov. 2. A band of lu) Uto Indiana. It la reported, cap tured a wagon loaded with flour and supplies bound from Arvada to the Tenth and Sixth Cavalry. Tho driver waa hM at a rifle's muzzlo while tne redskins sacked tho load and carried It away allowing the driver to proceed with the empty wagon. Sheridan. Wro.. Nov. I. Further details of the raiding of a government supply train bound for tho campa 01 the Tenth and Sixth Cavalry from Arvada characterlxes U as a very clever piece of work, evidently plan ned by some of the older heada of the Uto tribe. According to Driver James Forgen. no Indiana were in aigui uui . ...... .. . f .fll I . I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 II L T7l BW a uuu u ui m , . -. skins suddenly dashed out of a denie In the hllla and fluicaiy iunuu. rf.- lutla nnlaa outside of a few sharp yells In the nature of commands, and. wnne aeverai iuu.". kept Forgen under their rifles, the bai- i...J hi. wairnn train of 3.00U nee iuuicu u.- - . . k pounds of flour, the sacks of whicn were strapped to the cayuses of the Ctes. who then disappeared Into the hllla. As the reault or the raiding or i t..i. k irnnni ara in need, nH nnorationa looklns to a chase of V. . TTt. . arA TirftfT lrailT Bl aiaus luv v ' .a ..in ..ntn annnllna ran be bad. wore Bllll UUV14 . . . aupply tralna will be sent out from Arvada at once, i roups iruiu ...nniia m r. nnw at Ashland, on tha wav to the camp or me ieuiu w .1. .. near muururw. -L ... l . nn,nlan1v fillt wltted 1 ue uvea uw -"'i' ' , .v. in... mnA ara now reDorted Ka,.ir in Wvnmlna-. on Little Powder .rarlnir tha TOUte by Which . ' . a unniini Thev evident ly know of the arrival of troops at Ashland, and have either given up .i.. ... t n mrh tha Chevennes or are waiting for that band to meet them In some other pan or xne cu- iF. Th Utea on Bear creea nave not moved, according to a telephone message received yesterday aueruoou DEBT DECREASED $2,074,829. Treaaury Has Comfortable Caen Ba anco of 1373,300,810. waahlna-ton. Nov. 2. The monthly .tom.ni of tha nubile debt snows that at the close of business October at ions tha tntal rieht. less cash tn All AVV, uv . . i 4 ....... cr ammi nti to 1952.171. 364. which la a decrease for the montn of 12.074.829. Tho deht is recapnu lated as follows: tht nn which Interest has ceased -i trltv tl 123 !05. BUItO - ' aCA Debt bearing no interest, sjusmoiv 719. Total. $1,325,472,174. Tha cash In the treasury is classi fied as follows: A . Gold reserve, l50,ooo,uuu; iruai m i. i mi ua? Sfiq tn offset cernn- cates and" treasury notes general fund. $174 029,968; In National nan ae.ium torlee, $145,975,346; In treasury of Philippine Islands, $4,730,063; total. a eat eol 917 against which there STC demand llabll'ltle outstanding amount- In to $1,208,332,437. wnicn leave, a cash balance of $373,300,810. DALNY OPEN TO THE WORLD. Free Port in Manchuria Can Buy Many American Products. Washington, Nov. 2. Dalny was opened to the trade of the world on September 1 without any ceremony whatever, according to a report made to the State' Departmr nt by John Ed ward Jones, the American Consul. Mr. Jones says that many Japanese cargoes have arrived. At present no business houses are available, but Mr. ruber of Japanese Arms have obtained permission to re noi. hiiiiHinira which were damaged tn the late war and merchant of other nntinna ran nhtnin the same right. Haste Is necessary, however, tne con sul says. As the Manchurians regard n" as their staple crop. Mr. Jones savs It Is likely that the Sungarl Valley will ha ont rolv riovnlpll ID Wneat n-" year, and In consequence, there will be a demand for farming machinery. rwtnn orm a ara alnn tn demand. Some American cotton fabrics already have been received, but Japan la work inir hnrri fnr tha trade The Chinese want dyed cloths ready to make up. and are especially fond of light and riorir hlna r-nlnra Fnn.1 la scarce snd high priced and It Is almost Impossible to get laDor. Opinions of Great Papers on Important Subjects. Ml QBA5D AMY ENCAMPMENTS. y the annual encampments of the Grana ArmV Vsterana urTwl nn ntUmr fiuriaiati they would be Invaluable for the lutlueuc they as visible evldem-ea of tho na tion's strength and vitality. At a time when the public is sbaorbed In the coutem- tilatlon Of dlverae troubles, liolltlcsl and . , . v. nlaflltfia tha npuaaiiiw tf a nntlnnal anlrlt commercial, iuv - - " which took us through sn uphesvel far greater and more .. . .i.... anv tierll Uow even rtnuittlv it'll. It may lernuie m . b doubted whether any other event of the year does so much to correct our hUtorlcsl rtectlve and enable us to thing--1 ,D lu ue reiauon aa aocs iis nuuuai ... .. .k. n'd Soldiers. ,pi,. a..ai abniiduniueut of the encampments, wlieu It ..n to dlkiNintlmiu tlium will lia a distinct becomes -- - loss to the nstlon, depriving It of au object lesson which has been stimulating and helpful and could be given In .. .... The mere aliht of the siring veterans on no oiuer J' - - - ... parade Is something to stir the liuuglnatlon and kludle anew the fires of loyalty snd national pride. No com memorative custom or memorial service which may be adopted In later yM" will take the place of the sight of the soldiers thenisenea. . i. ..i.wl reason, therefore, whv each of the en- l nere a au- tn v.ma should ha niaila tha occasion for such cainpn-eu'-" i " ..w ,....tir.ii of deen and tender Interest as thst which a ueiii w has greeted the veterans In their meeting at Minneapo lis. Not on aentlnieutal grounda alone, but for reasons . .,i ..lli-. wa rannnt -ell miVa too much of or nraciK-ai - - these meetings or cherish tbelr memory too carefully. Chicago News. X a""""""""" T Rsdlcsl Laws for France. rarls Nov. 2. The Cabinet has d nlAoii tn Inrliwlo In ita Parliamentary program the purchaso of the Western Railway, and a bin providing ror tne sbolltlon of the death penalty. War Minister Plquart's plan for the reform nf iniirtfnarHal amniinta tn their en tire suppression, substituting therefoT civil procedure In the case of offenses punishable by common law, wnue aia clpllnary courts will deal with Infrac tions of discipline. Minister of Public Works Bartbous f.w..a,t tf9 Ka i fa.UlAn tf thaa I (fi ivi vuv vvsivaa v a vmw contemnlstea tha taklna over by tho siaie or an mines. Cant Pool Him on Turkey. DlAhmnnil Va Vnw T A 1ral. aeni, iwrs. Kooseveu ana aurgeon-uen-eral Rliey. at Pine Knot, got uo early this morning and started on a hunt for wild turkeys. The President nss nosns rrt t a4 as vavtll uba 4 I la SITVS jvmm K llJ iui is v. puu sv SD his ambition to add one to his record. Home or nis neighbors undertook to piay a joae on mm by turning a no of domestic turkeyg of the mammoth oronie variety into tne woods am driving them so that they would fall a prey 10 me rresioeni s gun. out Mr. Roosevelt would have none of the domestic birds. nnn kTTSa FARMERS' DAUGHTERS. hi- nuestion or bow to educate ine oausuier of farmers for the real autlea or lire nas been solved by the government of Belgium. Vtv schools have, been established In dif ferent sections for the purpose of giving girls Instruction in the many branches of aorlrultura snd home housekeeping. Ulrls re admitted to ths achoola when fifteen years old, and sent In training for ten montna. During iubi umv .... to study and master the elements of agrl culture, dairy farming, housekeeping and accounts, and be prepared to go out in tbe worm ana practice me .nn. tanirht. in many Instances becoming teachera. ni.,i..m ia a thlckly-noDulated country. There are nu merous cities and towns that tempt the young people to leave the farma. The daughters of well-to-do farmers iiii tn tn k life easy and try to live above work- h. farm It was to correct this growing evil that the new schools "-ere Instituted. Every school admits fifteen pupils. Every girl has a room to herself, and must take proper cire of It while she remains a student .ii H.a.i alike, and their clothing Is made of ordi nary material. A term of ten months generally enthuses ii with a llklnir for the farm, and results lu keep ing the girls at home and benefiting the country by their lives Ol umtu""-" Modern life on the farm should be enticing to the sons and dntnthters of tbe country. It certainly presents ninny ,.t fnnn.l in the ntoneer days of agriculture a 1 1 1 hi i iuii www v - There la a hope for homea and happlnesa in the future a. n..t in tha mnrta of comineree. Any inai caunui no mm - - .v.tem of educntlns that tenda to training the minds of imnllB In a J!rrern direction Is not to be com Ann Tha wnrM of humanity must become a home-loving and hoaie-bulldlng population to Insure - th. nan families. There are more pence nuii'ii) "r opportunities on the farm for getting an interest in the land than In any occupation onereu ruirryr..u young people. There la a future In agriculture for wora- en. It haa opportunities Tor aavanceinem m r. .-a That work tnouid not Ui IV (it IU ui uuiuau trsswa. - be overlooked by any parent or guardian. Seattle Tost- lutelllgencer. UrRECTOKS WHO DO HOT DIRECT. HE aumnier season Is usually uneventful In the fluanclal world, but deve'.opiuenta or late have attracted world wide Interest. The United States has seen two demonstrstlous of frenaled finance. In the destruction of a Chicago bank and a great Philadelphia t....t,in. ar..i i aatata limn concern. Hun- UHiiain mtM dreda of poor people have found their hardarned sav ings swept away, and the newspaiera are again busily discussing that great financial menace, "the director who does not direct" Well known ana ame niiaunr i Philadelphia were on the board of the trust company, Maii1a fl ! lata n rll 1 1 1 111 1 showed them large pack ages containing the company's securities all "gilt-edged." 8o aald the president Not one or tnose wen amu able financiers ever dreamed of Investigating the pack agea; and for all tbe directors knew the packages, rep resenting the foundation of the wuolo airuciure, iuiBu havo contained sawdust The troth waa at last revealed, but not mrotign any mental efforta of the directors. The suicide of the un- . . n.M.nt atarto.1 an Investigation, aulckly dls- IIIIIUUBIV 4 ' - - closing a state of affairs thst might never hsve material ized had the directors fully appreciatea ine inuwruu u their trust This, and many otner simuar uiaaait-ra u. develojied such an obvloua moral that a new era muai come an era in wnicn aireciors. wuetuer m n ... ' England, or of a concern capitalised at $3.ooi, win exer cise a vigilant safeguard over the lntereata of all who aro dependent upon their corapany'a success. Montreal Star. IWI TALK XT OVER WITH YOUR WIFE. iHENEVEIl a man with a wife and family becomes a criminal, he Inflicts cruel suffer ings upon the Innocent These silent suf ferers deserve the deepest sympathy. The misery they endure cannot be appreciated by those who have never passed through anh a harrowing experience. It Is lament able that so few men observe the rule which Tacitus says waa observed by the old Uerninna, "in an imiorvauv me ters tbey consult their women." The blasting of many man'a reputation, once fair ana unspoueu, uukih. un- been prevented If he had made a confidant of hla wife u. v . I . 41 .... ....l.v.lnr.ill tiS Kaa. In his business arrairs. ieiairuuii, diurnaicm-, trayala of trust and other criminal acts committed In the feverish haste to get rich quickly In many instances would not have been engaged in n me win uuu irU consulted before tho first wrongful or doubtful step had been taken. Most women have swift intuitions in matters into which the moral law enters. Pew of them are skilled In finance, jet the foundation of the financial aueoess of very many men Ilea In tbe pruueni counsel aim uiniumu nieut of the wife. Numbers of our most successful busi ness men owe their good fortune largely to the encour aging or restraining advice or tneir wives iu an iuiijn- a ... . . . m ,i .i.i.. ...up....... ant crises In tbelr nnairs. as one i vmci unnrn when a false or Imprudent step Is taken by the husband, the wife Is entitled to take tne place or counsellor mm guide whenever such aid Is needed. Philadelphia Ledger, Successful experiments have been made lu generating electricity to light railway tralna by placing a fan on th front end of tla locomotive. The pn-s-sure of the air revolves the fau ami produces the iowcr. Two brothers. Uith veterans of tha Civil Wsr. met at San Diego. Cal., re cently, after a acpsrsttou of thlrty-flva years, during which time neither bail received word from tbe other. They are J. M. Lucas of New Mexico ami J. II. Lucaa of San Diego. Each had thought the other dead until this meet ing, a result of the recent u. A. U. en campment The new army rifle will pierce alx human bodies or ltt feet of pine at 6.US) feet The use of such a cartridge) In riots would endanger the lives of ev ery person within 1 mlU-s. Por that reason the "riot charge" hns W-en pro vided. It contains thirty-four grains of powder and two round balls weighing forty-two grama. Its fire Is not effect ive at over 0s) feet You put a lump of coal on the fire. It welgua a pound only, jet the amount of energy you let loose Is Ksltively alarming. An exceptionally powerful man can do half as much work as a horse for a brief period not more than minutes at a time. Imiiglne UJ such men puUIng with all their power at a rope until, at the end of 150 sec onds, they fall back exhausted. That little bluck lump of coal could do all that work, and continue It for another two minutes. If you could utilise all the heat It gives forth before It cruniblea down Into white ash. The selectmen of Ilrookllne, Mass., ara exiierluienttng with a plan for destroy ing mosipjltoes by moans of uiuslo notes. The experiments are being niada by the town bacteriological laboratory under Supt My hen. It has been discov ered that a certain uumlier of musical vibrations will cause niomiultoes to ex perience sudden and complete paraly sis. Not only does this Intensified note srrest the Insect In flight, but It will hurl It from celling or wall. Also, be cause of a strange construction of the mosquito's auditory system It csuac the Insect to plunge undevlatinglngly toward the spot whence the music starts. Dr. Frank Snow, with a small party of Kansas University students, has been bug catching In southwest Arizona. They brought bnck 15,000 specimens, all pinned and labeled, of which some 100 are new to science, or tliese, o,-.so are beetlea, 4,500 are flies, l.UiO are butter flies and moths, and the rest run the list of tiecs. wasps, bugs and Insect. The butterflies and inoths were collect ed at night by spreading on a tree near the camp a mixture of beer and lnolns .! Dr. Snow made two expeditions during the summer vacation. The re gents appropriated for this punoH9 fUo). Tho grand result was upward of 30,000 specimens. On the Inst trip he secured 100 sieclmeiis of a beetle that is catalogued to sell at 1 Ier sieclmen. The whole collection In Kansas Univer sity Is exceeded In the United States by that of Harvard University alone. THE GERMAN EMPRESS IN COMMAND OF HER OWN REGIMENT. V ' , '' 1 - ' ' t 5 - ' ; . j i -: - v . . friti'k4k yJlvy'h J'-VL'stV..; & - 'lift ?''VU3WffiNT-'' V' y i U l fiti I . . . Jm.Ihd tha mananvara In Silesia tllO Ger- At a review uma - . - m.n empress led ber own regiment, the cuirassiers oT ... jtm f..r,,. naat tha kaiser. The empress wore the cuirassiers' uniform, but not the helmet which wss Mni.rad b a Dlumea nst ine iste r.u.j,. a .navsatMlfl Hit Cit ber own regiment of hussars, USCU Ul M - ..la whose uniform sho wore. The emprea. takes an active Interest in military affairs and Is a great student of his torical works bearing on tho wars of Europe. Monumsnt on White Plains. White Plains. N. Y.. Nov. 2. Amid thf waving of flags and cheers from S.000 people, the monument commem orating the battle of White Plains on Its 130th anniversary was dedicated. The Village Park Association erected the monument on th spot that marks the bresst-works of General Waahlng- ton. The stone Is of granite, and the tablet of bronze. On the top of the stone is tbe old mortar cannon rtn up near the spot. Over J.ooo children and several Grand Army post a assisted. Female and Child Labor In Spain. Madrid. Nov. i. The Cabinet has decided to Introduce a bill with the object f ameliorating the conditions of women and children who are com pelled to worn tor a living. HOW TO HOUSR POULTRY. a4 Oo I'"l If houses for poultry are to be built attend to the matter before cold weath er Interferes with outside work, says Outing. Everything should be In read iness for your flx -k by the coming of cold westher. U 70U UBT rwwlv no over them snu see vuai mr, rre In perfect repair. In building the nt thing to do l .-wt . proper location. The Ideal ,ne Is the south slop of a hill. The . ..... .aa l A IM.i'- i'lwin 1 ' ii cold winds by buliaings on the north snd west If n lor are at hand the north wall of the build- lng must be made of extra thickness. Evergreen trees n." - .w ami I would advise planting them for future protection, no matter how thick you nia.e iue wans oi ,u. 'V, n,r that wbaterer looatlon t,- n-.rfeot drainage. ThU . ..... f the freatest Important. ia m uir i. v s - leading poultryinrt ree lu" -" .... .,,, fowls originates from n.n,n,.. than from all other causes. More and more -smong practical poultry grower, that tbe best boue for fowl- consists of a fjisl room In bl. h tbey may rrt. Isy and remain In cold weather If they choose to do so and a shed opening to tbe south where tbey f"11" sun themselves to their liking There ehould be an o,n.ngbetween tW. . .hd and the closed room tnrouga w-.v- fowls may have free egress ar.. day. but which should bo clo at night In eokl weather and for the pro- . u,,. from Intruders. The lection ui ii" .K.iv shed floor should be covered with chaff. straw or leaves to tne aeptn oi lx Inches. If road dust or ssnd Is mixed with It the better ine low.. bo sulteiL If grain Is scattered over the litter the fowls will busy them aelves scratching for It snd this open ... .,..! will be a strong factor In rwk healthy. It will also .it In a larger yiem ui - Pgg-prmlnclng diet Is given In connec tion with it BRAZIL IS A GREAT LAND. ...... T..I ( tha talt.4 area a,.... sal Part ! Alaaka. nrasll has an area of 3.2-so.ooo sejusre n. that of the United Ststes with half of Alaska added, says the Review n.,i..i This Is, spproxlmstely. a i.tha f the whole of Europe, or almost one hundred times the slse of the mother country. Compsred even with Australia. Ilrsxll not only holds i... -n hut has a surplus srea that would overlap the SUte of Texaa, while on ber own continent ahe almost equals tbe combined areas of the other twelve republics and colonies, one-hslf of Ar gentina only bsvlng to be deducted. This will resdlly be sppsrent on con aiiltln an stlss. ss will the euuslly astonishing statement thst her extreme length from north to south Is, spproxl mstely, 3NV4 degrees, or the dlstsnce from the northern extremity of Maine to the coast of Venezuela. Finally, dividing the land area of the new world by language Into Kngiisn, Rnanlsh and Portuguese (which In cludes all but Ilnjtl and the small co lonial holdings of Kranr-e, Holland and Iienmark), we arrive at the following remarkable facts: The United States with Alaska, Canada, Including the lalnmls within the great arrtle circle. Newfoundland. Krltlsh Guinea, Hrltlsh Honduras and the various Itrltlsh tsl anta of the West Indies make a total of 4! per cent of the whole; the 1 Spanish shaking reptitiiics. with Porto Hlco, SO Ier cent Itrsxll alone making up the remainder, or Ti per rent And t. to the average American the Por tuguese language Is regards! practically as a negllbie eiuantuj. wnne many or our exporters complacently classify Itrn r.ll ss Spanish-French Guiana, as too unimportant to occupy a place by Itself. The only secret on earth Is the one bo one knows but yourself. WHILE THE FOREST GROWS. Rbrvba, llerba and Flonrn IMsap-. ptiar fur Lack of Sanllaht. 1)1 Its youth the spruce forest offem an Inviting home to flowering plants, both shrubs and herlis. Tho soil Is moist and rich, consisting In large part of decaying leaves and twig The shade, though nearly uniform, Is not denso and flecks of sunshine appear everywhere lu It The light Is not strong enough to produce a tangled un dergrowth, hut a well-developed growth Is found everywhere except 1" the most shaded spots. The layer of shrubs and bushes con sists largely of the mountain maple, rose and nlnelmrk, among which are scattered birches, gooseberries, raspber ries and viburnums. In spring the ground Is carpeted with strawberries:. Along the brooks white and yellow vio lets are common and orchids are scat tered here and there. In the summer flowers are abundant, gentians, blue bells, goldenrods, daisies, columbine and pa I ii ted cupa vying with each other in giving color to the ninss of green. I a the shadier places low ferns abound, while the moist soil of the shadiest nooks Is clothed w ith mossi's and lichen. As the forest grows older the shrnti are the first plant to dlsapiear, be cause of the Increasing shade. They are followed after a few years first by tha taller herbs and then by the other. until only those flowers thst require) little light are left Even these persist only in more open spots and flnslly dl appear and the shade becomes uniform- A mature forest, 200 years old on more, rarely allows even a strsy sun beam to pass and beneath It is twilight at noondsy. A few evergreen plrolaa blossom In scattered groups. Cluster of the coral root are found frequently In hlnnm. hut this I a lesfleaa orchid that requires little or no light Th ground is covered with a dense lsyer of brown spruce needles, which fumlshi a home for toadstools and cup fungi, and In the moister places for lichen and mosses. The forest has now reached Its final stage. It may still persist In this form for severs! hundred years. Indeed, If It Is not removed by an accident. It U rtimnilt to set a limit to Its age. In any event a forest can rarely live 1.0OO yesrs. owing to the great weight of the tree tops ami the fact that decay la constantly weakening the trunks. St. Nicholas. The big spples, the big potstoea, th big pumpkins, etc.. produced this year, are entirely too big for the smsll sited families no fashionable. Something will have to l done to aiijust tnis air ference In sire. In looking yourself over, here Is a grMl thing to rememlier: In all reason able probsblllty, you do not know much, therefore be cart ful In coming to con clusions. As soon as jou eat. It s all over at a for the market.