ff IMPORTANT NOTICfl y The Independent wants a corns. THIS MtANS VOU I If you know an Item qf Neu J 5f ponJent in every locality. Jj WW if in or FitbUcution. HILLS BOKO, WASHINGTON COUNTY, OREGON, FRIDAY, SKITKMUKR !'-, 1SDX No. 17. Vol. XXI. GENERAL, DIKKCToItY. 81ATE OFFICERS. Oovcrnor Hvlvestt-r pennoyep Necri'tary of hint . Owi. W. Mollride Treauri-r i'billip Mft-cbeu hupl. i'uulio Instruction K. b. MuF.lruy Mint 1'riuUr . ....Frank II. linker 1 . ...W.P. I,opd Supreme Court K. rl. Han F. A. Moore Jil.la Fifth I list not .. ..T. A. Mrllride Attorney Fifth litrict W. N. liarrntl COI N TV OFFICERS. JuJv: ... Coiuuiiaaiouer ' . ...It. Crnndall L. R. haouer .. I . ti. Todd It. K. Ooodui CU-rk hiliarilf IC"OurUr T H. P. Ford H. Wealhiled Wm. pointer Treasun r . . . .... As-teaaor rVbool Hiipurinlen dent Surveyor forotixr C. K. lf N'lllliaU . J. II. Hiauley J. C. Hall W. l. Wood cnv officers. J. 1), Merrviuan, Pre J. '. Hare . . . . N. A. Itarrott Win. J'omu-r Hoard of Trustee Oco. Wilooi Iti-oorJrr ....... Treasurer Marshal Justine (if Peace . .. Jarucs Mi'Ctilloob ti. W. Patterson TIiuh. F.mriok Wm. Motinllaii J. I. Knight POKT OFFICE INFORMATION. Tlio iiihiU cloae at tbe liillsboro Ptt OltWie. daily: Oleuooe, Wt t'nlon, llethnuy nnd Cednr Mill, nl 11:20 a. III. Ooinir. South, h ;10 a in. doing to I'urtlaud and way-ofnoe, l!:.V a in. and 4 p. ru. Km Fariniiigton and Laurel, Wednesday and Saturday at IU;.KJ. ui. OKEUON CITY LAND OFFICE. J. T. Aptier in Register t'eter l'aiiit Receiver CHl'KCH AND SOCIETY NOTICES. A. I', nil A. .tl. riM'AMTY LOIHiK NO. (t, A. F. A. M., 1 meet every Saturday liilit oh or after full wu in of each mouth. Jan. A. Ianri, Mauler. K. Cbasiuli., Wea'y. K. tf V. pUiESIX LOJOK, NO. 4, K. OF P.. 1 uiestH in Odd Fellow' Hall on Monday rvenuitf of oaob wavk. SoJuar-UHig brelbfen weluomud lo IihIx twoetlJiKH. N. A. Kamtt, C. C. HhHHtN MtTIIVLMBMCH, K. of It. A H. I. O. O. . MOMTF.Zt'M A I.ODOK, NO. M. wiwli Wetlnrailay eveliln at H o'clock, iu l.O. O. F. Jlall. Viaitora maile WKlmiintt. JOS KLlNtMAN. N. O. U. II UOOOIN, Heo. 1. M. I). (IaI'lt, for. Heo. l)iiiiK'li4'r of Kebeiah. HIM.fiOKO ItKHtKtll I.ODOR NO. M, I. O. ). F.. uiiwu in Odd Fellow' Hall every Int and ilrd H.ilurilay eveimiu of enoh iiionili. Mat, I'. M. Iibnnim, N. O. Mm. W. II. Whihuko, rWy. A. u. . ml A. COIMIT TL'AIjATIN NO. 7.174, A. OF. of A., ineeta every Tuesday evening in lira line Hall at It o'oliiok. L. A. WmToom, 0. It. W. W. MrKiNT, K. 8. a. w. r. w. I I II.I.Slt(MU) LOOOE KO. 61, A. O. I'. L W., meet every aeonl anal fourth Tiiexd-ny eveain Ui the montli. H. 11. Fit, M. W. W. K. Mok, IWeenler. VV' AW4INO TON KMJAM I'M K NT No. i!4, 11 I. O. O. F., uieeta on weautui and tMft4 h'ridntya of eau4i lumitfe. M. 11. Ui'ktriNWK, (!. I'. '. 14. UiiMWHiwaM, MvrilM. r. t a. i i ad 4tl Ma-tinvUytuf eiwk woiitk. Kknj. kaauvwi.H, Maatec, . p. . r. n. MF.t'.'iH twtj Wmidnf ve4 at 7 o'ehrait i Hie hrHtttm eluwcti. Yu aw eoTilMlly mvuted to attend it nieetm. leniTUM Wuwmam, 1'rea't. VI'AHHI.NiMTON COOTY MOO ANI 1 (Aim ( lull wM m Morgan Hloek tvy mvi4h4 Tbwmray ef em' It Kiowtk, at f r. . J. t. l.U.Ml, i. A. H. IXIK'NDF.Y, Kvc. I re. I m'Wt CWt l'U. Whu4ht V-hA at i M a. im; frr ny-ef ntevtwtd Tknrday even ihx at 7 ;lw. OMtKMlATHrMAL CHI WH. oorner J Main and Fifti atrevM. 1'reavlnnu every Malilmlb, Moruit( and evening;. Ili, latli aoM'Hil at 10 o'clock a. in. I'rayer nieeiinu l aHri4ay evrnutx. Y. I. S. C K. . Iny at 6 :W (i. w. , 1 1 US T Cliriatia Cbureh, Marry Watkina, iator. Kaaelme and F'lfth. Fmaobiufl hetfond and Fourth Huudav at 11 a.m. and il p. ru. Huudav Hobool, HI a. w. I'ray er meeting, I'hnratlay, M.iU )i. ni. Y. I'. ' F... Mnndar. 7M p. m. MK. ( Ill KC1I. U. B. Elwwrthy, paatar. rreachinK every Wabliatb morniUK and evcuniK. Sabbath achool every babbatb at 10 a. M. l.eattue Bieetmtf avery tSnnday at 4 p. ni. Oeueral prayer nieetitiK every 1 bura Uy eveuiutl. I.eadera' and (Steward lK'elinu tbe aeoond Taeaday aveninof eaob noiitb, lVANOKMCAL CHt'KCll. Service I j lataiidlld hunday Iu each month at the llaptitt cbarob at M o'clock . M , Itev. Mr. I'rait. paitor. rtu inlay St'b'd at '1 r. M. Cottaue prayer lueeliUK un Wediieaday evening of n.iob week. KlI.I.MtOlU) KKtDINO lK).M, Sec ond tr.et. in old Maaouie nail, i ox n d uly f n ni 0 a. ni. to p. ru. Sunday, from I i iu, to ti p. iu T. R. CORNELIUS hk.u.fu is Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots, Shoes, Hats, Caps, AGRICULTURAL IMFLEMENTS Hardtcare, Lumber, Grain, Sec. Ajjt'iiU for tho lH'IU 't)l'K- NOHW K1 1 A N PLOWS AND HARHOWS Tlio l-t In tho nutrkct. . PRODUCE .. OK A I.I. kixih; TaVon nt tin Hl?he-t Markt t lri. PROFESSIONAL CARER. W. H. BABaaTT, L. K. AbAM HtlCKtXr AU1MS, YlTORNKYS-AT-LAW, HILLSIUJItO, OKEOON. Orrici: Central Hlook, Koomi 6 and 7. !4. U. III STON, A TT ) II N K Y-A T- L A W 'V AND NOl'AUY FL'BLIC. HILLHHOKO, OKEUON. Orrici i Kooru No 8, Colon Block. THOMAS II. TOSWl'E, iTTOKNK.Y-AT-LAW, 1UUXKOKO, OUEOON. Orrica: Morgan Block. VI Il k I S BKOS. IKTltACrollS AND iV HUUVF.YORS, IUU.HIM3KO, OttE(K)N. Aijenta for Har I.iok Type Writer. Two door nortb or I'oatonioe. C. E. KIXliT, YTT IlN HY-AT-L A W, POHTLAND, OUEOON. KooM : No. 8, Portland Savinu Bank Muildiuu, rteotiinl aud WaMhuigton Mreei. THOS. I. MI MIMIREYS. M )N K Y A NCINH AND AltSTUA(TIN( OK TITL1X HILLSIIOUO, OUEOON. filial naoer drawn and Loan on Real Eatale uenotiated. Huinea attended to witb proiuptuent and diaiwtcb. OrFira: Main Hret, oppoaite Hi Conrt Houaa, K.JUXtM, J)KNTIT, FOHEiJT 0M4)VK, OUEOON. I now makiiHf teeth for fS.68 and $7.IW) er aet ; beat of material and moikuiamibip. i u .it wuitirm leetn extraoted withont pain. FillmuaM the lowest priee. All wora warro.. i .... . .i.. J..,r north of Hrick tore. Ortioe hour from a. m. to 4 p. m. A. L. STK0, JKPUTY COUNTY SURVEYOR HILLSROKO, OUEOON. Orrira i with J. C. Hall, Connty Bur- veyor, at the Court Hocae. WM. !: ', PRACTICAL MACIIIXIiHT, HILL8U014O, OftEOW. All IK1UHI1 rewmriHH o i....... and K.iileni, Mill Work, Tlireahm Machine Mower, Feed Cnttec, ewin Maobinea. WaHUitiif Machinea, WrinRer. Pampa, .l ilnn anJ Ijwkl cniea, noiaieira K11"""" aiiiithma, tw urotina ad led; and have a larK nnmiiee of aeoond hand Mine and lamer For aw. ah wi. . T. USfcLATtlt, . . C. . piIYSK'IAN AND SUKUKOX, H1MH040, cmmKM. tM-m- Im MiltaMra Pliarmacf. KM- nteex a: aa of (Joart Moa. Otfcea hone from !l a. w. to li p. m. at PWarwaey. whoa notviattimc Iwfore ad after tka tiiua at rewttlee.ee. HYS1CIAX AND SUROK.OX, HIMXtOiW), 0i:(K)X. (Hriia: In ClMfiett U4w. lllMs: cooler Firwt and Mam street. Wll0 i.Br, PHYSICIAN, Sl lKIKON i AND AUXU CIIKUR, FOKEST GUOVK, OUEOON Ovrica : at Ike Drator. J. r. TAMIRWE, M. H., C P. R. R. SI'ROKON, O IUI.l.SlH)KO, oiir.itu.-. Oruca and HaninaKt-a : corner Third aud Main Street. Ollii-e bonr. K:.W to I? a. m., I to ft and 7 to p. in. Telephona to reauleno from Hrock l Sel' lrnator al all bourn. All call promptly attended uitibt or day. r. a. B.ttt.ai, m. n. r, J. bailit. b. a , M. D. IIKH. E. A. V. J. IIIII.ET. 1HYSICIANS, Sl'ROKoNS AND 1 AIXXIUCIIKURS. UILLMIiOKO. OUEOON. r ... : lk . Ilni.,n ltl,w.b fall i.FniK: IU i.mmn. ........ . -. . - attemled to, niiibt or day. Keeidenoe, 8. W. Cor. Kaae Line and Seoond afreet. W. II. Kl l kF.K, DKAI, KSTATK AOKNT AND MONKY I)ANER UILL8HOUO, okf:oon. OFFF.K8 TO THE ITBLIC. Landa ia laroe or aruall tract, and will rebange land in the country for town or city prop erty; in fact. If yon have anything- loci' chauue, in any locality, are me. FIRST NATIONAL HANK OF HIMRORO. Tramuh'U a General Hanking Ruainc. i. W. SIU'TE raMrmnn nENJ. 8CHOFIELD .. . . VirB-PBanBBi i. D. MEUHYMAN .. Casbim Sella titfhl Eichanarc knd Talesraphie Transfer, and iaanea loiters of Credit availahla throuuhool the t'nited hiatea. liraw Rill of Kirhanue on London, Liverpool. Dublin. Part. Rerlin, FrankforV on-tbe-Main, Mtoekholui, and all principal itie of F-urope. Collection made on allooeaiM 'poinla. Ranking hoar from 9 A. . to 8 P. M. f orty t'ett by Rop. Tbe Journal' I Urn n-Kanling a hpfiherri d'(f who wa- aavo fnnw a dry w-f II by fliiiKinjf with hin ttth to a rop luwereil hlin WnU a eom-e-potble'fit to end the following story : A kitten hud fallen Into one of the ventilutioic fluet In the walls of the large Hubtreasury apartment lit the pubtofttce building of Uwton, and had been Incaa-ernted fle day w 1th out food or water. The flue referred to U forty teet lu depth, from the celling level of the apartment. No tice of the kitten' inUfortune whs brought to Architect O. J. F. Bryant late of a Saturday afternoon. The cries of the kitten could lie faintly hennl, and Mr. Bryant' first impulK' was to cut through the marble facing of the apartment In w hich the flue wit liHttted : but a suggestion U-Ing made that perhain the prisoner, in its desiieratiou, might seize, the end of a lino weighted and of bulky shape at its lower end, this exeriment was tried. Strange to say, tho nearly starved creature almost Instantly took fast hold wlih Its claws, w hen it was very carefully and slowly drawn wifely up the entire height of forty Aft anil wifely delivered. No southern razor-back pig was ever thinner than this liberated little kit ten J yet with warm milk admin istered at intervals, reHtomtion soon took place. Boston Journal. DR. ARNOLD'S WONDER SALVE far Haaaehalw U. THE BEST REMEDY . . For 11 urn a, Sralil, WoiiuJa, Sore, llrularw, r.riiptiona, Ac. THE GREATEST R'ELIEf For all inrlaiiiinatory ami IrrUiet-in Rectiona Of tho r leati a4k4 iHtHl. PRICE, 60 CENTS. orkoo aoinct: KK'Utm BlF.Jw FOOT AARKS Indicate the way the crowd U (utnf. too da the ealee of 0RE00N KIDNEY TEA Indicate lu lucrcaaing Popular Ity. NO OTHER REMEDY Ri ever riven the general utirfactina that kaa been obtained front the aa ot Ihia, NATURE'S OWN CURE Por Back ache, THabetee. Inflammation of Kidneys or Bladder, Bcaldina; fains when Vriuatiug, lKKk Uut drpusrt and n(sot tiuMsuie. TRY IT RT ONCft AND WHEELWRIGHT I have livened a aliuft for the rnair of rAi:(t Us ui, im mum avu a asvii b-U k!Uof wood work. twTHf0-T10 6'U41I1MPD. 8hoji m Cia-nWr' oM tand, lutlf IAhi aoiith of tireer atore. llll.l.KBOHO .... OH a(K). t i- ' ' i ii iaai HAII.WA Y TIME TAttLK. EAST AND SOUTH . . VIA THE SHASTA ROUTE or in SOUTHERN l'AC. IX). Eipbbm Tiiwi Lbavb Pobtdabo Dailt: Month North PH Lv Portland Ar I "Wab ID'IAam I Ar Man Franciaoo I,v 7KMabi Above train atop at all nation from Portland to Albany) also al Tanirnt. Hbedda, Halaey, Harrixbiiru. Junction City, Irvica, r.uuene, and all nation front rtoae- burn to Aabland, inoloaive. ttOSEBL'KO MAIL DAILY I H .tO a I Lv Portland Ar I 4 mi r 5:M) B M I Ar Hoaabnrc Lv 7M1 a a UlSIM. CAKS 01 OilllEX ROUTE. PULLMAN BUFFET SLEEPERS .. AND m Sfrand-TUaa Hleeplnf Tart Attaobbd to All Tboco Tbaik. Weal 8ld Dtrlaion. BETWEEN PORTLAND A COBVALLW Mail Traill Daily ( Eicop Sunday). 740 a M I.v Portland Af J r a :AU a m Lv HilUhore Lv ITl r U:lftm At Oorvallui Lv Hj ra Le7At Albany and Corrallia eonnect witk train af tbe Oregon r'aoina Kail road. Eiprea Train Pat'ij, (Eioept Sunday . IM pat L Portland Af a Soipa Lv Hillahotn Lv 7:1.1 a a 7:2ft M At MoMinnvitla Lv h-HS A THHOrOlt TICKETS la allpolnUin the F.aatern Htatea. Canada and Europe, can he obtained al loweal rate from i. i. Morgan, agent, Uillaboro. E. P. ROOERR. R. KOEULER, ahI.U. r.AP.A't. Manager. Portland 04-t Hop Growers! We will raralah yn IM IIa.lf.IUx Tickets mnd lOO Faill-IUx TUket far tl, or SH Ur tl.SO. a THE IROEPERSEIT JOJ OFFICE. OVER THE STATE. The Aitorlan nU of the aJver tWntf iiatroiuitfe of 190 of It biwlnw men. Tomato growf w are receiving $10 jr ton for tlt-lr fruit at the PortlaaJ innnt-ry. The nuuiU-r of iiaMunU In the state insane avluiu on August 31 was male ami 274 ffiualw. The delliintient tax lUt of Multno mnh county otvuplen over five pages In the Ort'giinlun, aet In solid uon partil tJ le. An Odd Fellow picnic wa Inter rupted at Monmouth by the rain. The merrymaking was xwtponed until next May. Thieves are abroad in Tollc county. The Observer reorts several Install ces where farm houses have lieen en tered and rilled of vuluables. A I'olk tniuiity farmerl threshed 3,000 bushels of grain from 120 acres in one day. This Is claimed to Ie the best record for threshing. Hon. William (lulloway, of Yam hill county, has lieen elected presl dent of the State Agricultural Society; A. F. Miller, secretary, and A. Hush, treasurer. Stewart of Medford, Jackson county, sold l,(MMi worth of Ilurtlett isiirs from a sixty-acre orchard. The fruit was sold as it hung on the trees. The Income is $(!il er acre. W. F. D. Jones, htte proprietor of the Tillamook Headlight, has pur chased an Interest In the Astorian and will in future combine with the present owner, Samuel Elmore, In the management of the paper. McKerchnle, of Oswego, ( lacka hm county, was drowned In Sucker Ijilie canal while attempting to res cue one of his pupils who had fit lien Into the water. The bodies were re covered shortly after the drowning. A convention of V10 wheat growers met at Pendleton last week and under (late of September 16th, formu lated it reiii!st to the wholesale nierchunU not to press collections till January 1st next. II. F. (.'lark, a resident of (llencoe 1'in-k, a Portland suburb, has been arrested on a charge of setting Are to his own residence. He wanted the nstirance hut is in a fair way to get a term in tho penitentiary. J. M. Hicks, of Ashland, has al ready shippi-d more than 1000 boxes of tomatoes from his two-acre patch, and will probably send on ai many more liefore the season closes. He grows tlxMii on Kranlto land, not on the creek bottom. SMrveyor-f lencrut Ryars ha given to tire secretary of the )regon Pioneer sivciHy soik of tke bones of cattle kilted by Indian In Cow Crock ca-n- yovt, IkHigliw ctainty, in ' lHM. Not- wltlvstaiHling the forty yrars' bltweh- ing, tltey are genuine relica, because IlyitTsi snys bo. colllsalon of elect rk can (Kvurretl Mi the Oregon City line oh Sunday. Tlve cause was a delayisl taw aid the InipatU'nce of passenger who de murred to safely waiting on a switch till the belated car passed. One of the motormen was wou ruled nd two pw.eiigers scratchetl. A dlsftatch from Chicago of Sep- remlier I Uh states tlwt there were 152 prostrations in tnot city on that day from Intense heat. Here in Oregon the went her Is cool and bracing. While we liave no world' fivir and to 10 mt day luxuries, we do have plenty of good frrh air and it Is free to all. I-t Saturday niht jst after mid night the county jail atdrant's Pass, Jowephine county, took Are and was destroyed. The jail was a cheap wooden affair and consequently no great Iohs to the county. The only prisoner confined in the jail was safe ly removed to the city Jail. The or igin of the fire is not known. It is said the county will erect a good brick building to replace the burned one immediately. At the state fair last week a driver by the name of Childs, from Walla Walla, was thrown from his sulky ami had his leg broken Just below the knee. He was driving Dar- winnia at the time in the two-mile trotting race. The injured man was taken In charge by several physicians who drewwd the wounds, and In the meantime the niaro was being handled In the conte by Sawyer of thi county. W. F. Dudley, formerly of Nsrth Yamhill, and now sustaining a con fidential relation to the United States consulate general at Shanghai, China, writes to his friend, Professor J. A Huchanan, that what the paert have said about retaliation on the part of the Chinese ha been verified. An old shipmate of his went ashore on liberty from the "Marlon," and was found the next morning robbed and murdered. Two Swedish mission aries, gathering courage from the Inaction of the consuls, were also barbarously murdered and their bodies mutilated. Hardly a day passed without news of further out rages against the hated whites. The way our government act In egH to China reminds Mr. Dudley of the remark Mr. Jen. Davis made at the time of her old man's capture by the Michigan cavalrymen: "Dou't ex cite the president; he might hurt somebody ! Yamhill Reporter. An Eastern Oregon farmer, reort an exchange, drove into one of the town the other day with a load of fourteen-ceut wool, aud to a crowd of the men on one of the street corners be explained hi method of shearing sheep this yeur. It has always been hi custom to begin at the head and shear backward, but of late he has reversed the oeration, beginning at the tail and working forward. On being asked his reason for this change, he replied that he hud nude such an all around fool of himself by voting for Cleveland ft the list election that he wa ashamed to look a sheep in the nice. The house of Mr. John Synnisl, seven miles east of Wasco, Sherman county, was struck by lightning last Wednesday. The windows were badly shattered, the stove was brok en and the floor or the room was badly torn up. Mr. Syunod wa severely shocked ami the soles of his shoes he was wearing, are said to have U-en torn on from his feet. He soon recovered surllciently to make his way to a ne.tr neighlior'. house where he wu well cared for and soon felt all right again. . V. Martin, the Jeweler, says the Salem Journal, today sold a couple of the old pale yellow, pure gold benvcr " pieces for 2-1. They were coined at Oregon City in H4!l, and are now rarely seen. A LI MOM SPEAKS. Senator Allison, of Iowa, one of the commissioners to the monetary conference, spoke on Saturday last In favor of the rejH'al of the Sherman silver purchase law. He said he voUmI for the law of lH'JO with great hesitation, for he did not ticlleve In the policy of piling up bullion lu the treasury anil holding it there unused. He favored coining every dollar of silver In the treasury a soon as practicable. He favored use of the $ii(),000,0O0 selgnorage now iu the treasury to maintain the parity be tween the two metals. He said the Cnl Sod Stales could not continue to purchase silver without seriously en dangering the standard established in 1873, and bringing the nation, with all it opportunities, wealth, la bor and production to a silver stand ard. Allison was questioned about the recent monetary conference at Brussels. He said the Brussels con ference niale more progress respect ing the solution of the silver question than was made at all the prior con ferences. If the United State would undertake a policy restoring silver by International arrangement, It would be accomplished within a reasonable time, the parity between the two' metals would be restored, and silver would practically be rehabilitated. That wa the solution of the question. Hill of New York asked w hether the repeal of the purchasing clause of the Sherman act would facilitate or hinder perfection of such an Inter national agreement, and Allison replied that that was only a matter of Judgment. George of Mississippi &ked whether there was any senti ment in Kurojie In favor of reassemb ling the monetary conference. Allison had no doubt that the public opinion of F.urope was that a confer ence of a nation should be assembled to deal with the question, and In that statement he did not exclude Kngland. He believed if patience were exercised, If the question were dealt with In a statesmanlike way, If senator would dismiss from their minds all prejudices and party deal ing and dal with the problem as a question Involving the whole coun try, Its integrity and it. Interest, the time would soon come when gold and silver would travel side by side. The general merchandise store of Watt A Price, at Scapoose, in Col umbia county, wa burglarized last week. Entrance wa ?ffected by prying open the front doors. The cash till in the store and the stamp drawer in the postornce were rifled. Fortunately all money had been removed, ami a few dollars' worth of stamps was all that was taken. The burglars drilled a hole into the safe but tor seme reason did not blow It open. The articles taken from the store were principally cutlery, men's clothes, ha ml kerchiefs, and other small artlclos, smci a could be eawily carried away. The total tt h timated atllM. The valiant New York WorltL, which a year ago urged workingnien to "vote In good times" ami "send tariff roblrs to the rear," now say to the working multitudes: "I'-it rice; It is good, wholesome fix! and Is cheap." The World also Is calling upon the humane for "bread to keep worklngmen from starving." it I very kind in the World, but it would have been still greater kindness had It not aided In bringing about the vry mJirliirtBiM it it aow trying to vlfryjjalji wnt4Wdnlly. Inter-Ocean. Kl UAL Dtl'Ol'l LATION. Dr. Lonjf-tatf recently read a ni'r before the Itoyal Statistical msit'ty, of (J real Britain on the subject of rural depopulation. According to his observation the universal ten dency of the times Is a removal from the the country to villages or cities. No more men and women, he says, will remain attached to the soil than are absolutely required In each place for it cultivation in the way found to 13 mot remunt ratlve for that place. He might have added that the Introduction of agricultural machinery on farms of great area ha reduced the demand for manual labor for a glveu product, and has hcliied to depopulate rural regions near great cities where the high cost of land and the inability to apply broad methods to agriculture makes farming unprofitable. The tendency Is very notlcealle in this country, notwithstanding the great and con tinuous tide of Immigration (directed mainly to the agricultural land of the West. The census of 1H1H) shows an actual decrease In tho population of 4-V counties, elderly In New En gland, New York, Northern New Jersey, Ten nessce, Kentucky, South ern Michigan, Wisconsin, Eastern Iowa and the mining counties of Colorado, Nevada and California. The losses in mining districts are due to the working out of mines ; in the agricultural states to migration to cheaper anil better lands, and hit!.;' eastern states to the working out ol farm lands, the growth of mauufact tures and the distioMition of the farm lads to crowd Into the cities, where there is kind of a lottery of labor, the rewards lielng less sure, but some times much greater than to agricul tural labor. The changes are going on continuously. The broad plains are first occupied by a sparse isipu lation living freely on the products of their own soil ami having few trade relations. The next stage is one or agriculture ami trade, lu which villiages ami towns begin to appear, antl then follows a decadence of agriculture, with temporary lossctt of population to large districts, as the farming class migrates to new states or removes to the city. Then very often follows a .new stage of growth, when" manufactures become estab lished, antl mechanics and mill h a nds come to take the place of the farmers In the count of opulation. Always, however, the towns and cities are growing at the exjienso of the adjacent farming district. The farm boy and the farm girl, living within the Influences of a great city, and noting the wealth of its inhabi tants become dissatisfied with their hard life of toil, and naturally desire to change It for one of greater com forts and greater rewards. Some of them may observe that there are very jKsir a well a very rich in a great city, and that the (MMirest farm hand lalxirer I rich by comparison with his fellow of the city, but they are always hoficfuli and in spite of argument or statistics they take their chances In the city whenever they get an opportunity to leave the old homestead. It is not a matter that require legislation or even advice. Each man governs himself in such matters by what he conceives to lie his own liest Interests, ami the aggregate result is at least a good a we rthould lie likely to get from any attempt on the part of the government to regulate the relation between rural ami urlian population. When agricultural pursuit pay well, it will not bo necessary to drive men to the field ; when they are less re munerative than manufacturing ami commercial persuit (or apKar to l so), it Is not possible to keep all the boys on the farm. Agriculture gives a sure living, but little more ; just as gtHxl securities bear a low rate of interest. Commerce and manufac tures offer a big reward to the suc cessful, ami bankrupt or starve the others, Just as sis-culative ventures offer high rate of Interest w Ith little' security for trie principal. But the natural inclination of humanity is to be hopeful, especially w here chances apiioars to play apart, and hence the country boys and girl crowd Into the cities and engage In the fierce struggle continually going on for work and wages in the great centers of jiopulation. It Is useless to argue that they would lie happier on a farm ; the mass would lie, but the Individual would not. Each farm lad Is perfectly wllllngthat the others should go back to farm drudg ery, while he remain In the city, to reap tha rich reward of commercial e Mtamtaitutturing industry, and the pvtult U that all r-t to the city Hay there, and the drain remain eoWant upon the rural population. Here I the kaleldescoplc Telegram again : "The most powerful monop oly in existence today, and In ome respwt the most dangerous, Is the national hank combination." And what is the truth? During August h national bank circulation In creased 1 13,4 1".4-' 'n Juiv "' 3120.194 In two months f J0,73.'.,fil9. The United State bond deposited to sceure circulating notes amount to J0L,0lto,2iW, an increaio of nearly $.10,000,000 since June. Iu August there wa an iucrea-e of the 4 er cent, bond debited to take out cir culation of 119,000,000. I not this a splendid vindication of the National banking system? What better could President Cleveland do than give hi countenance for it eoutinuance? The trouble is his party is pledged to de stroy the national Istnks the grand est system that the world has ever known. As tori a n . While lawyer Hicks and the News man were on a trip to South Fork country last week they obtained !xrmiion to sleep at a certain man's house. Next morning the old man saltl to them, "How did ye's rest last night; did the lice bother you?" The gentlemen from Canyon City remarked that their rest had Is-en unbroken except by the pleasant dreams, when the complimentary bit of information wa imparttsl; "I thought ye's wos lousy, so I put ye's in that bed." Canyon City News. The postonice at ltandolph, on the Coqullle, has been ordered discontin ued. Oltl settler remember when ltandolph had tin only ixMtotnce on the lower Coqullle, and jicople went there from milt's around fo get their mall once a week. Other towns have sprung up since then, and ltan dolph has lost Its prestige. The Portland fire department is ixs'rimenting with a new con trivance called a life net. One of tho firemen has Junqsst into it from the six story Ooodnough building. WHERE UlITEtU I.1F-S. Deputy Warden Ituss of the dis trict Jail makes a statement that the skeleton of Oulteau, the assassin ol President Garfield, 1 not on exhibi tion at the medical museum, as has Uh'ii generally supjxwed. It will bo remembered that for a long time prior to the execution stren uous effort were made to ascertain where (luitenu wa to Ixa buried. Person acting iu the Interest of res- urrtsMlonlsts, both those who wanted the body for dissection and several enterprising proprietors who much desired to secure i I for exhibition uir. jxises, industriously questioned every one whom they thought ixwsessed the slightest knowledge. Great pre- cautions wcro taken to prevent the grave from being robbed. The fol lowing mode of procedure wa agreed uon to prevent the body from being stolen. In ortler to obviate whatever legal difficulties might arise and to forestall any claim the sister or brother of the murderer might make, it was decided that he should make a will bequeathing his body to Dr. Hicks, ami it will prolmbly lie re memlKTcd that the will when pub lished created some curiosity by its wortling, giving as it did the Ixxly ta, lx? disposed of as the beneficiary saw fit. "After going over the whole mat ter," said Warden Huss, "and realiz ing that it would Ixj Impossible to proinrly protect tho coriise, it was decided to bury it In thejall the night of the hanging. After the autopsy the Ixxly remained In a cheap coffin in the chaiH'l of the Jail. Upon my arrival at the Jail early on Saturday morning following the execution, I secured a couple of trusties and taking them with me proceeded to the laun dry room. It is a little nxim just to the exist of the engine-room, dimly lighted by a small barred grating, and It make almost an ideal tomb. "Two amateur grave-diggers went to work, and quickly removing the flooring, dug a grave sufficiently deep by the time the Ixxly was brought down from the chajx'l. "There wa only a small party that sbxxl alxjut that ox-n grave and listened to the solemn piiding of the burial service. General Cnx ker, who was the warden, wa present, ami I believe Charley IUted, the lawyer who assisted In Gulteau's defense, be sides several guard. and the two pris oner who dug the grave. It was a weird scene, and one I shall never forget. The burial In such a son i 1st place was particularly nerve-trying, and I think we all felt relieved when Dr. Hicks concludtsl and the darkies began to cover up the coffin. This did not consume much time, and It wa not long before the grave was filled up antl tho flooring restored to it normal jxition. "There was no particti!r compact a to secrecy among us, but It s-emed to be generally undertoxl that we would noeintain silence, en a-dally as there was considerable excitement at the time. The story that the Ixxly hl been secretly removed to the medical museum was per mittcd to go uncontradicted, Just a I state, cause we did not IxMieve it concerned any one. "What Iaeame of the brains and other organs of the assa-wln which were removed at the autopsy held immediately after the execution I do not know, except the xpleen, which Is on exhibition at the museum. Whatever els wa left of the man who murdered President Garfield lies beneath the floor of tbe laundry-room of the Jail." THE HAWAIIAN (JlESTIOX. Di.-atches front Washington, in addition fo announcing the apxiint ment of A. S. Willi, of Kentucky, a minister to Hawaii, asert that it will be the policy of the Cleveland administration to create a protector ate, mild in it terms a to internal affair but very rigid against outside Intcrfcrancc, and that the L'uited States will guarantee any permanent government established by the vote of the eople of Hawaii against over throw by revolution. Herein we may trace the fine hand of that combination seemingly so dear to Pesident Cleveland the sugar ring. Matters having leen held In alM-yance long enough to x'rmit the sugar magnates to com plete its combinations, the adminis tration now annoumsvt It. puriMtse. of preserving the statu and of main taining a protectorate over tho Hawaiian island which shall prevent the Hsiple of that nation from offer ing the soverlgnty of the Wands to any foreign nation. It will Is' in vain to search the constitution of the United States for any warrant, express or implied, for the etablihmciit of a protectorate, mild or otherwise, over a foreign jurisdiction. If, as In the case of Texas, an lmlccmlcnt nation wish es to link her fate with ours, aud to surrender her soverlgnty In tinier to Ixvomean Integral part of the Amer ican republic, well ami gotxl, but when Hie United States undertaken to asNume the role of guardian ami protector for a foreign nation, that i clearly a very different question. If Hawaii wants to cede itself to the United States, we may accept the offer or decline It, as seems tho more e.xedient for us, but the crea tion of a protectorate Is quite another matter. Against whom are the people of Hawaii to lx protected t Not against the nations of Eurojxj, for no one of them really wants Ilawull. Are they, then, to be pro tected against themselves, and if so, what Ixfomes of tlio right of revo lution? Unless we accept Hawaii's offer of annexation, we have no business to mix or meddle in her politics, and that i the conclusion which Mr. CTPYrtanTTWolitrtaVo reached had he been let alone by the sugar ring. PoBsibly he th not understand the situation, though it Is plain enough for any one tit sec, but if he doe understand it he must t set down as catering to the interrsts of one of the greatest ami most grasping mo nopnlicM In the Uuited States. Kan Francisco Chronicle. Nicknames of States. Miss L. I)., Tiffin, Ohio, asks us to publish the nicknames of the states. They are as follows: Alabama, Cotton State; Arkansas, Bear State; California, Golden State; Colorado, Centennial State; Connecticut, Wood en Nutmeg State; Dakota, Sioux Shite; leleware, Bluo Hen State; Florida, Evergalo State; Georgia, Empire State of South; Idaho, Gem State; Illinois, Sucker State; Indiana, Hoonlcr State; Iowa, Ilawkeye State; Kansas, Jayhawker State; Kentucky, Corncracker State; iouis tana, Creole State; Main, Pino Tree State; Maryland, Monumental State; Massachusetts, Bay SUU'j Michigan, Wolverine State; Minnesota, Gopher Suite; Mississippi, Eagle State; Mis souri, Puke State; Nebraska, Ante- Iojks State; Nevada, Sage State; New Hampshire, Granite State; New Jersey, Blue State; New Mexico, Vermin State; New York, Empire State; North Carolina, Tar Heel State; Ohio, Buckeye Stat"; Oregon, Pacific State; Pennsylvania, Key Stone State; Hinxle Island, Little Khody State; South Carolina, Pal metto State; Tcnnesm'e, I Jon's Icn State; Texas, Ime Star State; Utah, Mormon State; Vermont, Green Mountain State; Virginia, Old Do minion; Wisconsin, Badger State. I'or the loan Dartori. During my second year at tho Jefferson Medical ivllge, Philadel phia, I had a classmate whom It would be uncharitable to call a dullard. One of the professors wan In the habit of taking the hoys un awares and quizzing them. Ho said to this fellow me day. "How much Is n dose of ?" giv ing the tts'hnical name of cotton oil. "A teasxxiiful," wa the ready reply. The professor made no comment, antl the fellow soon realized that he hal made a mistake. After a quart er of an hour, he said : "Profcsor, I want to change my answer to that question." "It's to late Mr. ," responded the professor, looking at hi watch. "Your patient's Is-en dead fourteen minute." -Correspondent New York World. Seven thousand square inches of the dome of the 1 Vitver capltol build ing are to fa- coven with silver, two ounts to the square foot. New York Press. A tomato vine at The I Hi! lex I fourteen fts-t long and has Ixirne 2V) tomatoes this lat year.