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About Forest Grove press. (Forest Grove, Or.) 1909-1914 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 8, 1914)
THURSDAY, JANUARY 8. 1914
Tell the People
NE o f the first questions
asked when the question
of buying goods comes up Is.
•‘W hat does it cost?” The
man who is to pay the bill
w ants to know what that bill
will be The price Is also a
very good line on quality.
Sane men know that goods
are not offered at prices away
below their value unless
there Is a good reason for the
Consequently the curiosity
regarding the price Is legiti
m ate and should be satisfied.
The man looking for a house
and able to pay only $20 a
month rent Is not Interested
In one that rents for $50. no
m atter how fine It Is or how
great a bargain. He would
be w asting his time going to
Inspect such a residence.
Conversely, the man who Is
able and willing to pay $50 a
month rent for a house would
not care to look at one offer
er! for $10.
Whether buying eggs.shoes.
m olasses, nails, toothpicks or
automobiles, the buyer wants
to know the price—that Is, If
he exper ts to pay the bill,
and merchants do not care to
sell goods to the man who
has no such Intention.
Rearing this In mind, the
advertiser should not be
nfrald to quote prices. The
price will have to be told
some time. Why keep it a
I N T E R E S T POSSIBLE
C U S T O M E R S b y GIVING
PRI CES O F GOODS.
Forest Grove %
- Steam Laundry
FOREST GROVE PRESS
THE 1914 OVERLAND
is now on exh ibitio n a t the
S to ry o f the P a n a m a C a n a l F ro m S t a r t to Finish.
---- — ------ --------' are being constructed which will" per
mit the use of only 400 or 600 feet, ns
i the particular vessel may require
There are recesses In the look walls
; which allow the gates to be opened
j and still leave a clear width of 110
feet. At the entrance of the locks a
chain, wjth links three Inches In d!
arneter. stretches from one side to the
Y ou a re invited to call
other to stop vessels which might not
obey the signals.
In case the first
and look a t the
gates should be rammed and broken
new m odel
a second set of gate« especially pro
vided for em ergencies have been con
Im proved in m any w ays
structed behind the first set. i f both
sets of gates should be demolished the
j w ater would rush through with a fear
ful velocity, but provision has been
made against this contingency by hav
P A C IF IC A V E .
Ing In readiness emergency dams,
which would be sw ung out over the •M M
lock and forced down through the In-
It is to prevent such accidents that
the plan of towing vessels through the
locks with electric locomotives was
adopted, as tbeu uo misunderstanding
of signals from the captain to the en
gineer of a ship could re su lt The
trucks for these locomotives are on
each side wall o f the locks, and two
will rasien to tne rear and two to tne
front of a ship to effect a passage. If
At the right la shown the track on which the towing locomotives will run.
These locomotives, operated by electricity, will tow vessels through the locks.
all twelve locks were joined end to
end they would make a canyon nearly
less tendeuey to settle and crack than | three miles long, 110 feet wide and
If It were built In one solid, continuous eighty feet deep
By Wm. R. Scott.
wall This may he appreciated wheu It
The natural topography o f the lath
(Cont:nued from la st w eek.)
Is understood that at Gatun the locks mus at Panama permitted the Chagres
the Pacific, having made the whole form a concrete w ill about 3,500 feet river to escape Into the Caribbean sea
journey from deep water In the At
| through a break In the muuutalns at
lantlc to deep water In the Pacific, mile The usable part o f each lock Is j Gatun. Engineers logically considered
fifty miles. In ten hours.
that this was the point at which a dam
should he thrown across the Chagrea
At both ends the locks are built In flight
pairs or twins, so that sh ips going
river. Two valleys were formed at
Y ou W ill N eed
the center wall tunnels eighteen feet
in opposite directions may pass
Gatun by a hill which rose In the
through them sim ultaneously. A wall
center to an elevation o f 110 feet, and
sixty feet thick separates the locks, in filling and em ptying the locks with the dam that w as designed runs from
and if one set should become disabled
the GattiD locks to this hill and from
the Hdjninlng set still would be avail and lowering ships Sm aller tunnels this hill to the mouutalns. a total d is
T o K e e p O ut”th e'C o ld an d R ain.
able for passage. The tim e required
tance of 7.500 feet, or a mile and a
for a ship to mount the three locks on tunnels, under the floors of the locks, half
W E S E L L TH EM .
one side and descend the three locks on with openings through which the water
As the Cbugres river every year dis
Is turned Into or withdrawn from the
the other side Is three hours.
charges enough water to fill the lake,
On the Atlantic side the locks at lock cham ber by gravitation V alves some meaus of disposing of the su r
Gutun are connected and constitute operated by electricity regulate the plus water had to be provided. The
one. solid piece of masonry
On the flow of the water The water for plan adopted called for a spillway to
Pacific side the lock at Pedro Miguel operating the locks sta rts from the be constructed In thlR hill, aliout third
Is separated from the two locks at Ml | Gntun lake and flows through the tun way In the darn site This spillway la
raflores by a sm all lake a mile and a nels down grade through the three looks of concrete, requiring 225,000 cubic
F O R E S T G R O .V fcE ,
E G^O N .
This lake, like the great | until It finally Is used In the lowest yards to complete On .luly 1. 1913. it
Gatlin lake. Is formed by dam m ing riv- | lock, when It Is spilled Into the sen w as more than 98 per cent completed.
ers A dam at the Pedro Miguel lock, level channel.
The fl«s>r o f the spillway I r ten feet
which Is the first lock encountered go | The first concrete for the Pacific side above seH level and 800 feet wide
Ing toward the Pacific, holds the w a
through the hill, which Involved e x
ters of Gatlin lake from spilling down Sept 1. 1909. seven days after the be cavation through rock for a depth of
ginning of operations at Gntnn
the Pacific slope.
UK) feet at the highest point of the
Chief Engineer Stevens began the ' was In February. 1910. that concrete hill. A concrete dam was bnllt on
excavations In the Gatun and Pedro
this floor to a height of sixty nine feet
Miguel lock sites In 1006 shortly after Miratlores For all tw elve locks 4.4SO. j above sea level and In shape like a
the decision was made for a lock type ^
On top of the concrete
cHnal hut most of the excavation and j | quired.
dam piers were hnllt with an arrange
all of the concrete laying have been
meat for steel gates
000 cubic yards of concrete were reqntr
! gates will he electrically operated and
D ealer in Flour, F eed and all kinds of
done under Colonel Goethuls.
It was I t*u.
at i I Pedro
i u r the
n it* n
iif* i lock
w il n
ne, essury to remove about 5.000.000 • !(21 poo cubic vards and for the two regulate the flow of water out of the
G ard en S e e d s in se aso n ............................
cubic yards of rock and earth from | locks at Mlraflores 1.504.000 cubic lake. As ranch a s 140.000 cubic feet of
the site of the three locks at Gatun to ! yards. A contract w as awarded for water per second may escape through
prepare a foundation for the tremen 1.500.000 barrels of cement, with the j the spillw ay when the gntes are open
There will not be a complete loss of
dously heavy structure Careful bor ( privilege o f Increasing this order by 15
lugs bad been made to ascertain if a j ner cent, and In 1912 another 1,000.006 this water, a s on the east side of the
spillw ay a power plnnt of the hydro
suitable foundation could be found
barrels were bought to couiplete the electric type will be operated A drop
o f seventy-five feet by the water will
Forest Grove, Oregon
On Aug. 24. 1900. the first concrete
All twelve locks were half done as
was laid in the Gutun loc|j site. Rock
of a desirable kind for use In making regards the concrete work about May
l he concrete a s well a s sand could not t. 1911 The best month’s record for
be found In the canal zone, and experi laying concrete w as made In April.
ments along the coast showed that at 1912. in the Pacific division, when 97.-
Porto Bello, twenty miles east of 735 cubic yards were laid The con
Colon, good rock could be quarried, crete is all of re-euforced construct on.
and sand was discovered In suitable and kd unusual feature has been the
! quantities and quality at Notnbre de
Dios, forty miles east o f Colon. These throughout the walls The lock walls
two places are the oldest on the Isth at Pedro Miguel were not built In sec
mus, Columbus having been there in tions. ns at Gutun. but as one solid
piece of masonry more than 1.000 feet
Rock crushing began at Porto Bello long At Mlraflores the two locks were
“ O re g o n «
on March 2. 1909. If all the rock and built In sections, as at Gatun
sand removed from Porto Bello and
Nomhre de Dios were placed In bnrgps fracted for. In 1910. to cost $5.374.-
separated by the usual distan ces In s I 74 .S 2 . Their construction and erec-
which to invest your money and your
it is, close to the great market of the city of
tow they would reach from Colon to tlon are by the McCIIntic Marshall Con
New Orleans, or 1.500 miles T h is rna struction company of Pittsburgh, un
Portland: itself enjoying a climate and soil
terial was towed to Colon and thence i ler the Inspection of the commission
T o own property in Forest Grove is to
that produces any of the products of the
through the old French canal to
men at work and w as rushing
Here It w as unloaded by ma 3.000
temperate zone and admitted by all to be
cbluery and stored conveniently for
agreed upon fo r their completion. Un-
estate is bound to advance in the next few
the concrete mixing plant
the banner county in the state, the proud
All The m a ch in e ry and e q u ip m e n t fo r I ,1,*r
'^ " t r a c t t h is co m p a n y has until
years and the holders will receive generous
owner in Washington County has the safest
the work. On
building the locks were designed ou s j Ian 1. 1914. to finish
luly I. 1913. out of a total of 58.00b
scale commensurate with the unprece
most productive of investments.
dented size of thp struetures
Fight i r»ns o f s t “el required in till the gates,
giant m ixers were fed with rock, sand
and cement by cars operated by elec cent, leaving to he erected before Oc
tricity. the finished product coming toher. 1913. when the first ship Is
from each of the m ixers at the rate of j scheduled to go through. 4.000 tons
A c re s,
There ure forty-six
gates In all
sixty-four cubic feet for each complete I
I twelve locks,
with two leaves to the
To get the concrete Into place four gate or ninety two leaves. The gates
cablew ays suspended across the look
site on towers eighty five feet high high, are seven feet thick and weigh
were Installed. Electrically operated from 300 to 600 tons each leaf. They
cars brought the concrete to these are constructed with Interior cells.
towers, where great buckets were fill , which at the bottom will be air chain
ed These bucket*’ then were run up bers to a ssist in their manipulation,
vou can see
to the cable* and oat on the cables to and at the top w ater cham bers to In
a given point, where they were lower crease their weight a s the water rises
The sheathing Is with
ed and thp concrete dumped Into the In the locks
| steel plates riveted on heavy girders.
Let us know your wants. We will be pleased to satisfy them.
A fter the Boors of the loot-
- ?"=— These gates will tie opened nnd shut
laid the walls were built In the usual to permit the entrance or egress o f
manner of erecting steel form s, which ships by electrical apparatus.
As 05 per cent o f the vessels In the
were removed when the concrete bad
hardened At Gatun the w alls of the world are less than 600 feet long It
P H O N E 501
F O R E S T G R O V E P R E S S B U IL D IN G
is ks were built In se< tin ns thirty six would be n great w aste of water and p
feet long and Joined together, on the time to use the full 1.000 foot lock In
I each p assage
So Intermediate gntes
H A S K E L L & SO N
c. g . d a p u e l s o n
ENTRANCE TO MIRAFLORES LOCK.
Is u p on u s an d you should g e t
Your House Repaired
Lumber, Shingles, Roofing and Roof Paint
The Willis-Place Lumber
C o al,
C old S to r a g e
a n d ice.
Rasmussen’s Feed Store
MRETZ & LATTA
Cor. 5th Ave.
and 2nd S t.,
F orest G rove,
A. A. K I R K W O O D
CIVIL ENGINEER AND SURVEYOR
Surveying and Subdividing
FOREST GROVE. OREGON
r * TOk
^ IL L U S T R A
P o p u la r M echanics
“ W H IT T E N S O Y O U C A N U N D E R S T A N D C T "
GREAT Continued Story of the World**
ProsTfu which you may begin reading
at any time, and which will hold your
intereat forever. You are living in the beat
of the most wonderful age, of what is
the greatest world in the universe,
d ^ ibtless
A i resident of Mars would gladly pay —
n / \ A FOR ONE YEAR’S
to this magazine, in order to keep informed of
our progreaa in Engineering and Mechanics.
Are you reading it ? Two millions of your
neigh. !>ora are. and it is the favorite maga
zine in thousands of the best Americas
home*. It appeals to all classes—old and
young — men and women.
The " Shop R otas" Depsrtmsnt ( 9 0 pages)
gives easy ware to do things — how to make
useful articles tor borne and shop, repairs, etc.
" Amateur Reeheetcs" (10 paces 1 tells howto
make Mission furniture, wirels«« ontflta, hosts,
engines, magic, and all the things * boy loves.
g l.so p en r ta n . s in o l i c o pie s i s ccnts
w n r r s r a n race s a m p l e c o p y t o d a y
P O P U L A R M ECHANIC’S CO.
SIS W. Washington St, CHICAGO
J. RASMUSSEN, Proprietor
(Continued next week)
g Investigate these barf-a;ns on Easy Terms i
all in Cultivation
miles of Fores- Grove,
house, good barn and
buildings; 1 team,
hack and buggy, 6
cows, and all farm tools, hay
grain; running wi ter thru
the place and good well at
house. This land level,
all over it from the
This ia sure good buy
and will always be worth the
money and If any land in Wash
ington county is worth mo e,
it sure will be; if you don’t
want this, tell some of your
friends about it, I am su.e
they will. Price $10,00 ,
cash, balance to suit.
4 blocks of Banka
Good 7-room, modern house
and in good condition, good
barn and chicken park, all
kinds of fruit, large and small.
Ibis place will keep 4 cows,
and one can easily clear $100
per month. Will sell for
terms to suit, or will trade
40 to 80
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