Forest Grove press. (Forest Grove, Or.) 1909-1914, May 01, 1913, Image 3

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    FOREST GROVE PRESS, FOREST GROVE. OREGON. THURSDAY. MAY 1, 1913.
Time
Farm Dairying
To have us
make
the
Kiddie’s
Picture
Now
Prize Brown Swiss Heifer
XII.—Buttermaking.
By L A U R A R O S E
Demonstrator and Lecturer In Dairying
at the Ontario Agricultural Col­
lege, Guelph, Canada.
Forest Grove
STUDIO
N Main Street
[ C o p y r i g h t . 19 11 . b y A . C . M cClurg & C o .]
X A MI N E the cream an d tak e
th e tem p eratu re. If too cold it
m ust be heated. It is a bad
plau to briug th e cream into
a w arm place to sta u d o v e rn ig h t It
may be already q u ite sour, an d durin g
the long, slow heating process it is
developing m ore acid a u d d ete rio ra tin g
in q uality. Nor should It sta n d on or
n ear th e stove. One portion of th e
cream Is sure to become overheated,
die fa t melts, an d th e c u rd toughens
aud a p p e a rs la te r In th e b u tte r as
w hite specks.
The proper m ethod o f h eatin g cream
Is to se t th e can in a vessel of w arm
w ater a t a te m p e ra tu re of a b o u t 120
degrees. S tir th e cream con stan tly ,
w atching the therm o m eter, and when
It Is w ithin one o r tw o degrees of th e
required heat lift it from th e w ater.
T he necessity for th e c o n stan t use
of a reliable th erm o m eter m ust be
em phasized.
T he Huger as a th e r­
m om eter Is not th e least bit of good.
1 m ight say here, In bu y in g a th e r­
m om eter have several placed in a glass
of w ater a t about GO degrees an d ta k e
one w hich gives a m edium reading
Suppose they read GI degrees, 59 de­
grees. 57 degrees. I would pick the
59 degrees as likely to be th e m ost cor­
rect. C heap th erm o m eters o re often
quite inaccurate.
E
W. F. HARTRAMPH
Feed Mill will run every
day in the week.
Wholesale and Retail
Bran,Shorts, Rolled Oats, Ground
Oats, Ground Wheat, Cracked
Wheat, Cracked Corn, Whole
Wheat and Corn, Middlings and
several kinds of Hard Wheat
Flour, Sack Twine and Sacks,
Hay and Vetch Seed.
Give us a call when in need.
ln d Phone 50x
•
I
I
I
F o re s t Grove, Ore
mmmmmmm mmmm mmmammm mm*
I
i
Beat the Prices
at the
Farmers’ Grocery
and Meat Market
Pacific Ave.
J. D. RODE
I------------- * -----------1
I Put that Property You
i
Want to Sell
“Under the
Spot-Light ! ”
A D V E R T IS E IT ! N o t once,
tim idly and penny-w ise ! B u t
as o fte n as needed - a n d a
show ing of FA C TS about it
which will u n failin g ly in te re st
th e probable p u rc h a se r! Make
i t th e b e st a d v ertise d r e a l
e s ta te in the city fo r a little
" w hile—and y o u r b u y er will
seek you ou t and quickly close
the tra n sactio n !
I____________ I
UNDE RT AKI NG
Em balm ing and
F uneral D irecting
FOREST GROVE UNDERTAKING CO.
J . S. Buxton, Manager
Phone No. 6 4 2
Forest Grove, O r.
SURVEYOR
All kinds of survey­
ing and maping.
Subdivisions a spec­
ialty.
H. B GLAISYER,
Hoffman & Allen Bld’g
Phone 806
Forest Grove, Ore.
T a m p e r a t u r a Must Be Studied.
No definite te m p e ra tu re for c h u rn in g
can be given. T h a t is a scertain ed only
by stu d y in g vary in g conditions and
noting th e tem p e ra tu re an d tim e of
previous churnings.
Aim to m ake conditions u n d e r your
control favorable to a low ch u rn in g
tem p eratu re, it In su res b e tte r b u tte r
and a more ex h a u stiv e churning.
W ith rig h t conditions a te m p e ra tu re
which b rin g s b u tte r in from tw e n ty to
th irty m inutes Is correct. A ran g e of
te m p eratu res of from 54 to 58 degrees
for su m m er and from 5G to 64 degrees
for w in ter m eets usual conditions.
The cream should a lw a y s be s tra in ­
ed Into th e churn thro u g h a tine w ire
sieve or a dipper w ith a p erfo rated tin
bottom.
W hen necessary add Just suflicient
b u tte r color of a reliable b ran d to give
th e b u tte r a clear yellow tin t. From
tw o to fo u r drops per pound o f b u tte r
is sufficient. It is not necessary to
s tir th e coloring in. J u s t rinse off th e
spoon in th e cream and p u t on th e lid.
T he revolutions of th e ch u rn depend
on th e am o u n t and richness o f the
cream . T h e poorer th e cream an d th e
less of it th e g re a te r th e speed. C hurn
Just us fa s t a s you can so long a s the
cream drops. A fter th e b u tte r breaks
keep up th e speed and w atch th e sight
glass to see how th e b u tte r is g a th e r­
ing. If th e g ath erin g process is com ­
ing-on quickly add a couple of q u a rts
of w ater several degrees low er th a n
the cream . W e often have th e w ater
very cold If th e c h u rn in g has been too
quick. T h is w aler re ta rd s th e g a th e r­
ing. lessens the likelihood of over-
ehurning aud gives a m ore e x h au stiv e
churning.
W h en W a te r M a y Be Added.
If conditions are norm al th e w ater
may be added Jusi before th e churning
is com pleted, revolving th e ch u rn ra th ­
e r rapidly n fte r It has been added. The
w ater th in s the b u tterm ilk T h is gives
the b u tte r a b etter char.ee to float, and
the b u tterm ilk runs off m ore freely.
W hen th e b u tte r Is th e size o f w h e a t
grains It Is sufficiently g ath ered , book
freq u en tly a t the inside o f th e churn
lid. W hen no tiny specks of b u tte r
an d only a few large ones a re seen on
it th e c h u rn in g Is usually finished.
O ther sig n s are th e b u tte r stan d in g
out well on top of the b u tterm ilk with
foam bubbles over It and w hen no
particles o f b u tte r come w ith th e first
d raw n butterm ilk . T hese a re noticed
if the butterm ilk Is allow ed to run
through th e stra in e r d ip p er placed over
the pall for catch in g th e b utterm ilk.
Any b u tte r w hich may escape w ith the
lost d raw n b u tterm ilk is c a u g h t in the
dipper and retu rn ed to th e churn.
Make a d rain through th e b u tte r to
the bung hole and rinse th e b u tte r w ith
a little o f th e w ash w ater.
T his
m akes th e w ashing more effective, as
It carries off a g reat deal o f th e b u t­
term ilk. An ex h au stiv e c h u rn in g should
not leave over 2 per cent f a t In th e b u t­
term ilk. T h ere a re m any good reasons
for b a rin g th e b u tte r In g ra n u la r form
ra th e r th a n tn large lum ps w hen finish­
ed churning.
F i r s t —T h e re is no e x tra loss o f f a t
Second.—T he b u tterm ilk can d rain
aw ay b e tte r and may be m ore th o r­
oughly w ashed out, as so m uch o f It
Is not encased In th e bu tter.
T h ird .—All portions of th e b u tte r are
equally chilled w ith th e w ash w ater.
F o u rth —T he sa lt m ay be m ore even­
ly distributed.
T em p er th e w ash w ater In w inter,
having It from 60 to W degrees, ac-
cor.Ting- to tire cohdrnun o r tire ta m e r
and the te m p e ra tu re of th e room, lu
hot w eath er th e w ash w a te r m ay be as
cold us possible.
T he w ater m ust be pure or It will
spoil the bu tter.
L’se a s m uch w a te r a s th e re w as
cream a n d stra in it into th e ch u rn
through tw o th ick n esses of cheese­
cloth. Im m ediately revolve th e ch u rn
rapidly about a dozen tim es, th en d ra w
off th e w ater, lettiu g It run th ro u g h
th e stra iu e r d ipper to a rre s t particles
of bu tter. The more b u tte r is w ashed
th e more It Is robbed o f Us flavor.
Good b u tte r should be w ashed a t once.
If th e b u tte r has an objectionable
flavor or h as com e so ft o r is to be
packed for w in ter use It should then
get tw o w ashings.
Should the only w a te r av ailable not
be cold a cup o r tw o of sa lt add ed
to ti slightly low ers th e te m p e ra tu re
and helps to d ra w th e b u tterm ilk from
th e b u tter.
Salt a Matter of Taats.
Salt In b u tte r is a personal ta ste , and
tb e a m o u n t to use should be d e te r
mined by tb e consum er ra th e r th an
by tb e producer. Use n othing b u t th e
best d airy sa lt. Buy It In q u a n titie s
and keep it In a clean, d ry place. If
th e b u tte r Is for Im m ediate use a u d la
salted on th e w orker th re e -q u arters o f
uu ounce per pound of b u tte r is usually
su fficien t If you sa lt It In th e ch u rn
use an ounce, us not so much is Incor­
porated into th e b u tter. F or th e high
class tra d e th is w ould be too heavy
salting. T h is tra d e calls fo r th re e
things—light color, delicate flavor, little
s a l t 1 stro n g ly recom m end sa ltin g In
th e churn. H ave th e b u tte r evenly
sp read o v er th e bottom o f th e churn.
S ift on p a rt o f th e salt. T ilt th e c h u rn
fo rw ard to cause th e b u tte r to lap
over, s ift on m ore salt, th e n tilt tb e
ch u rn b ack w ard a n d p u t on tb e re­
m ainder o f tb e s a l t
F o r a large
ch u rn a strong, larg e wooden fork Is
convenient to mix tb e sa lt in a n d also
to ta k e th e b u tte r from th e churn.
A fter saltin g p u t on th e ltd and very
slowly revolve th e churn until th e b u t­
te r form s In sovernl lum ps. If too firm
it will be slow a t g a th e rin g an d th e
lum ps will be sm all. If too so ft It will
quickly g a th e r into one large lum p.
The b u tte r m ay now be ta k e n o u t and
Im m ediately w orked, b u t It is m uch
b etter for It to stnm l for an hour or
tw o In tb e covered ch u rn to allow th e
sa lt tim e to dissolve, th e n give it one
good w orking. I)o not allow tt to be­
come too h ard or too soft.
if sa ltin g on th e w o rk er ta k e th e
b u tte r from tlie churn, w eigh It a n d
allow th re e -q u a rte rs of an ounce of
salt per pound of bu tter. S pread th e
b u tte r evenly over the wide end of th e
w orker, sift th e sa lt on evenly, fold
the b u tte r over th e suit uud begtn
working.
Take Your Coupon Book
TO
The leading and enterprising firms with whom we
have arranged to redeem Press Coupons.
Their prices meet all competition.
HOFFMAN & ALLEN
General Merchandise
Main Street, Forest Grove
THE JACKSON PHARMACY
Drugs and Medicines
Cornelius
GOFF BROTHERS
Hardware, Implements, Autos
Pacific Avenue, Forest Grove
GOFF BROTHERS
Hardware and Supplies
Cornelius
GEO. G. PATERSON
Furniture and Pianos
Main Street, Forest Grove
A. S. HENDRICKS
General Merchandise
Cornelius
SHEARER & SON
GASTON DRUG STORE
Drugs and Medicines
Jewelers
Main Street, Forest Grove
FOREST GROVE PHARMACY
Pure Drugs and Medicines
Pacific Avenue, Forest Grove
BRIGGS BROTHERS
General Merchandise
SUN-RISE GROCERY
Groceries and Provisions
Pacific Avenue, Forest Grove
G. LUNDQUIST & CO.
Hardware
Cherry Grove
C. G. DANIELSON
Bicycles and Sundries
Pacific Avenue, Forest Grove
ERIC ANDERSON
Jewelry and Drugs
Cherry Grove
FOREST GROVE STUDIO
Photos and Photo Supplies
Forost Grove
May Make Y o u r O w n Bu tter W orker.
For th e fa rm d airy th ere is nothing
ulcer th a n th e V shaped lever b u tte r
w orker It is not expensive and is a
g reat sa v e r of tim e and stre n g th , be­
sides preserv in g tb e grain of the but-
Gaston
R. AJPHELPS
A. J. COOK
White Palace Cafe
Pacific Ave., Forest Grove
C. L. BUMP & CO.
General Meachandise
South Forest Grove
MORTON & FREEMAN
Groceries and Provisions
Dilley
FORSBERG & BROSTROM
General Merchandise
Cherry Grove
THE C. C. STORE
D ay Goods, G roceries, Shoes, H a rd w a re
O renco
ORENCO DRUG CO.
Drugs and Jewelry
Orenco
Wm. OELRICH
Builders’ Materials
Hillsboro
O renco
B U TTE R W ORKER.
ter. A person handy w ith tools can
m ake a b e tte r b u tte r w orker th an is
tu rn ed o u t from a factory.
B u tte r should be w orked Just enough
to expel th e excessive m oisture and
thoroughly d is trib u te th e salt.
T he brick sh ap ed pound p rin ter Is
th e m ost p opular form In w hich to
m ark et local b u tte r. M ake th e surface
of th e b u tte r level an d p ress the p rin t­
e r dow n in to th e b u tte r u n til th e mold
Is well filled. C u t w ith a b u tte r spade
th e su rp lu s b u tte r from th e bottom. In
ta k in g tb e b u tte r from th e prin ter
place th e th u m b s on top of tb e handle
and th e fingers u n d er th e ledge a t th e
en d s and pull up, b u t do not press
dow n hard. P ressin g dow n bulges th e
p rin t of b u tte r a t th e sides.
W rap th e p rin t n eatly In good parch­
m ent p ap er w hich has been previously
w et In clea r cold w ater. Good paper
should be clea r in color, fairly heavy
ind to u g h er w hen w et th a n dry. It
Is tb e rig h t th in g to have printed on
th e p aper th e nam e of th e farm or
th e m aker, b u t It m ust be done with
th e proper Ink o r It sta in s th e butter.
This tra d e m a rk is often th e m eans
of securing a choice trad e.
A little
p rin te r's Ink used In tb e rig ht place
brings I d good In te re s t
H ave on
hand som e plain paper in case a churn­
ing Is below sta n d a rd . 8ell It for w hat
It Is w orth, b u t risk not y o u r reputa­
tion by p u ttin g Inferior b u tte r up tn
| vour p rinted w rappers.
Be su re th e p rin t o f b u tte r weighs at
least six teen and a q u a rte r ounces
when fresh ly w rapped In th e w et paper.
A t each c h u rn in g it Is well to weigh
a print. A slig h t allow ance m ust al­
w ays be m ade for evaporation.
K eep th e b u tte r In a place w here
the atm o sp h ere Is cool, clean and not
too dry. If th e place is d ry th e mois­
tu re rapidly evaporates, lessening tbe
w eight an d b ringing th e sa lt to the
iu rfa c e , w here It cry stallizes and gives
the b u tte r a poor appearance.
G et th e b u tte r, a fte r It has firmed, as
joon a s possible to tb e consum er. B ut­
te r quickly loses Its delicate, fine fla­
vor. It alw a y s pays to c a te r to the
best trade. Such people a re w illing to
give more for b a tte r o f e x tra quality,
in d when th e y become used to a cer­
tain choice flavor they w ill take nq
ether brand,
l
.
.
.
.
J. A. HOFFMAN
Jeweler
OREGON NURSERY CO.
W holesale a n d R etail N ursery Stock
Hillsboro
THE DELTA DRUG STORE
Drugs and Medicines
Hillsboro
PERCY LONG
Hardware
2nd Street, Hillsboro
MRS. M. L. BURDAN
Millinery
2nd Street, Hillsboro
SAELENS & SPIESSEHEART
Meat Market
2nd Street, Hillsboro
A. C. DONELSON
Furniture
Hillsboro
PEOPLES STORE
General Merchandise
Hillsboro
MRS. WINIFRED GUNTON
Pope Photo Gallery
Hillsboro, Oregon
O renco
M. P. CADY
G eneral M erchandise
B eaverton
J. L. HARDY
C onfectionery a n d P a ten t M edicines
B eaverton
R. L. TUCKER
Everything to Build With
Beaverton
N. C. LILLY
General Merchandise
Gales Creek
E. J. AYERS
General Merchandise
Gales Creek
KINTON & JENSEN
General Merchandise
Banks
BRODERICK & HUMBERG
Blacksmith and General Repairing
Forest Grove, Ore