O S TR IC H E S R U S S I A N H O M E LI FE. R a tin g. S le ep in g and S m ok in g The daily life of a Russian couple of tbe wealthier classes ia »insularly reg ular and monotonous, varying only I with the changing seasons. In summer | the lord o f the house gets up about 7 ! o'clock and puts on, u ith the assist ance o f his valet de chambre, a simple costume, cons.sting chiefly o f a faded, j plentifully stained dressing gown. : H aving nothing particular to do, lie! aits down at the open window and i looks into the yard. Toward 9 o'clock tea is announced and he goes into the dining room—-a long, narrow apartment, with bare | wooden floor and no furniture but a I table and chairs. Here be finds his w ife with the tea urn before her. In a few minutes the younger children enter the room, kiss their papa's hand and take their places around the table. As this morning meal consists merely of bread and tea it does not last long, and all disperse to their several occu pations. The head of the house begins the la-1 bors of the day by resuming his seat at the open window and having his Turkish pipe tilled and lighted by a boy whose special function is to keep his master's pipe in order. The house-1 w ife spends her morning in a more active way. As soon us the breakfast table has been cleared she goes to the larder, takes stock of the provisions, arranges the meals and gives to tbe cook the necessary materials with de tailed Instructions as to how they are to be prepared. The rest o f the morn ing she devotes to her other household duties. Toward 1 o’clock dinner Is an nounced and Ivanovitch prepares his appetite by swallowing at a gulp a wineglass of home-made bitters. 1 »in ner is the great event of the day. Food Is abundant and of good quality, but mushrooms, onions and fat play rather too Important a part in the repast, and the whole Is prepared with little at tention to the recognized principles of hygiene. No sooner has the last dish been removed than a deathlike still ness falls upon the house. It Is the time o f the after-dinner siesta. The young folk go Into the garden and all the members o f the household give way to drowsiness naturally en gendered by a heavy meal on a hot summer day. Ivanovitch retires to his own room, from which the flies have been carefully expelled by his pipe bearer. Ills w ife dozes In a big armchair in the sitting room, with a pocket handkerchief spread over her fnce. The servants snore in the corri dor, the garret or the hay shed, and even the old watchdog In the corner of the yard stretches himself out at full length on the shady side of his kennel. In about two hours the house grad ually reawakens, doors begin to creak, the names o f the various servants are bawled out In all tones, from bass to falsetto, and footsteps are heard In the yard. Soon a man servant Issues from the kitchen, bearing an enormous fen urn, which puffs like n little steam engine. The family assembles for tea. C A U TIO U 8 A N IM ALS. I n A p ite o f T h e i r O r e s t S t r e n g t h T h e y A r e T r u e C o n s e r v a t iv e * . Minister of Education when the transition of the new world Tower waa completing. A queer compound of ugliness, wit, strength and Oriental cunning, the Marquis Oyama has an enormously receptive mind. He is a rapid and deep thinker, and not only attracts, but molds those about him to any set purpose with Napoleonic directness, although with admirable and characteristic Jap anese grace. While not a tall man in any sense, he is a shade above the averagy Japanese In height, with a strong head apparently placed upon Immengp shoulders without the Interposition of a neck. He is a linguist, as are most of the Japenese officers, an advantage not possessed in the same proportion in any other military or naval service in the world. Smallpox has pitted his round, brown face, but his ugliness is relieved by a pair of magnetic black eyes, which twinkle with humor, or squint when their own feat of driving from stronghold to stronghold and finally enveloping a force er is deep in thought. as big as the army of General Kuropatkln. The first real war experience in which he was an actor came in the civil The Marquis Oyama, who Is (¡2 years old, was educated In France, and war in Japan, in which the Satsuma revolt was suppressed, but fame came served in the Franco-Prussian War ns an attache. Up to the time he made to him in the Chino-Japanese War, ten years ago. As a strategist and com his report on that conflict the Japanese army, which was only In Its begin mander he there achieved distinction which has been helghtentd by his ning as a modern force, was being trained on the French model. A fter his wonderful work in the present Manchurian campaign. He was the captor o f return home tills system gave wny to that o f the Prussian, and tills in turn Port Arthur— which he took from the Chinese garrison in a morning. Rus has been greatly Improved by Japanese originality and by the adoption of sian cartoonists have ridiculed him for ten years, making little o f his vic what is best and most useful in the other armies o f the world. Later, in tory, the fruits of which Russia and the Powers were to prevent the Jap life Oyama again traveled extensively in Europe, absorbing the Ideas of the anese from enjoying. nillltury systems, and once more In Japan threw himself into recasting the Marquis Oyama has a memory for these things, and his command in the whole military system, winning the appreciation and favor o f the Emperor field against Russia was assured before war broke out. For a time he sat at and of Field Marshal the Marquis Yamagata. home, advisii^ and directing General Kuroki. as became the chief of the To Marquis Oyama among others belongs the glory of creating the Jap general staff under the Japanese system. When the right moment arrived, anese army Inside o f thirty years. Nor was his genius confined to the Min the Marquis moved into the field, where he has since remained personally istry of War, as he stood for a space at the bead of the navy, and also as directing a campaign unexcelled in brilliancy by any of which history tell*. A man can feel In his pocket* at any time and bring out a Uttle hall of fu*. There are many gianta In Africa 9 feet high. Some of them weigh 300 pounds and are strong enough to kill a panther at one blow. Perhaps you think such big fellows must be clumsy, hut they are not. They can run faster than any horse, spring 12 to 14 feet at a leap. This all sounds like a fairy j story, says a writer in the Cincinnati Commercial-Tribune, hut not so when 1 you hear that these African giants ara i —ostriches. Perhaps you have been told some foolish stories about these birds— that when pursued they stick their heads in the sand and because they cannot see Imagine that no one can see them. This is base slander. Instead o f be ing stupid, ostriches are very cunning. | Their long legs will take them away | from men— unless they have their fam ilies to protect. Then all is different. The papu ostrich sends mamma ostrich and the baby ostriches off at full speed, while he runs the other way. What do you think he does next? He rolls on the ground, pretending to he hurt. The hunter rushes toward the fallen bird, thinking he eau easily | catch him, mentally counting how I much money lie can make out of tlie splendid tail feathers which adorn the bird's tail. A fter the papa ostrich thinks Ills family has got a good start, up he Jumps and skims over the ground, leav ing the disappointed hunter to think that the ostrich is not as silly as he has been led to belief. A singular thing about ostriches is the way they bring up their little ones. To begin with, there are a good many eggs in the nest (dug out of the hot saudl, but the eggs are of different mothers. Ostriches do not lay eggs every day. Being far apart they would not hatch together. When the nest is prepared all the female ostriches In the neighborhood are Invited to contribute an egg apiece, the hostess returning the favors in due time. Ostrich eggs a re ' delicious. One weighs three pounds, or is equal to a dozen o f a hen’s. They are very con venient, too, for the hunters in the desert. They not only furnish a de lightful meal, but a dish to cook it in. The shell is hard and thick and the egg is set on the lire, a hole is broken in the top, It Is stirred with a stick and when It is done the saucepan serves a* a dish as well. Field Marshal the Marquis Oyama, chief of the general staff and com ma nder-ln-chlef of Uie Japanese army. Is one of the few generals of modern times who may claim to rank among the giants o f war who have led troops In the Held. The English call him the Wellington o f Manchuria, which la the highest praise they can bestow upon any commander, but in European capitals, strategists, amazed by the boldness of a campaign now crowned with complete success, style htm the Napoleon of the Orient. It is certain that no general, fighting against a worthy enemy, has achieved so unbroken a series of victories; that none has conceived a more stupendous plan of campaign to execute It so successfully; that none has exceeded the gigantic One o f the farm boys drew our at tention to what seemed little more than a couple of dark specks on the slope o f the hills to the right, says a writer In the Youth's Companion, but we could soon see that they were moving, RI SE O F A P O O R B O Y . and when they came within half a mile o f us we could distinctly recognize L e f t a F o r t u n e o f F i f t y M i l l i o n l i a l l a r * them as a herd of baboons. W h e n l i e H ied. The boy said he was quite sure they Meyer Guggenheim, of Philadelphia, were on their wny to the water, but to who died in Palm Bench o f pneumonia our surprise they did not make any recently, aged 78, was another exam advance. A quarter o f an hour elapsed; ple of the possibili half an hour; still no sign o f their ap ties of youth in the proach. All at once, ns If they had United States. He started from the earth by magic, at the fe tS M S * came to our »Imres a . j . 4 poor boy; lie died open end of the pond, not sixty yards leaving $5< ijhxmjou from our place o f ambush, stood two f y O y 1 as an inheritance for huge males. IllH When or how they got there no one Mr. Guggenheim could tell. Probably they had come 8v\ I-* H e b r e w . by a circuitous way through the val f R l him In 1827. In 1840 ley, or It might be that they had j with Ills family lie crept straight down through the grass. , n. u k io f a iiu m . sailed for America, They had certainly eluded our observa | settling in Philadelphia, then a city of tion. Being anxious to watch the move 1 ltf0*1100 P*°l»le- Yol,n* «uggenhelm ments of the animals and to «seer- tH‘* an busl,"*S!‘ * ,ove P °IUh* tain whether they belong,si to * e herd l,e 11 ll,,le mol" 'y " " a ,hen he tried embroidery. A small store was playing under the mimosas, Prefralned opened; a larger one followed. In the from firing and determined to see what meantime he took hold of mining in would follow next. Both baboons ... . . Colorado, being one of the first to en- sprang toward the water and. leaning t„ r |hll) waa very down, they drnnk . , until they were sat Smelting the ore being very expensive. tailed. Then, having gravely stretched he llad a son learn the business, ami themselves, they solemnly stalked then he began buying smelters as f„„t away on all fours In the direction o f „ „ hi* profits would permit. In the the herd. There was little doubt, meantime he made big profits from therefore, that they lielongcd to Ihs selling Swiss embroideries, handling herd amt had heen sent forward to re- only the most expensive kinds. lie connolter, for as soon as they got hack sold this business out to continue the the entire herd put Itself in motion to- erection o f smelters, several o f which ward the pond. were placed In the mining States of the There were mothers taking care of West. In Mexico and In South Allied- their little ones; there were half grown ca. These properties yielded s profit nnimals, the hoys and girla o f the «11 the way from $4,000.000 to $10.000,- company. At first only one baboon at W>9 a year. When the smelting trust a time came to the water's edge, and, formed Mr. Guggenheim declined having taken Its draft, retired to J°ln* l,ut later he did and was chos- the rest, hut when about ten had thus en president of this very powerful or- ventured separately, they began to 8 *n'la **Hn come In small groups, leaving the oth Deceased was very methodical in his ers rolling snd Jumping on the sand. l>*hlts and his expenditures. He kept ___________________ ___ | track of his annual expenditures and A n O b s t i n a t e M ia m i. found to within a very short time ago “ The trouble with you,” said the bad expended $9.300.000. This did musical enthusiast, "Is that you do not no* Include his gift o f $250.000 for an addition to the Jewish Hospital of II m! ers ta nd classi, -si music. "Psrhapa." answered Mr. Ctimrox. New York, nor a like sum to a similar “ But 1 refuse to be regarded as a man lnatttutton in Philadelphia. o f Inferior In tellig en t until I find some onf who la competent to prove that he understands i t " — Washington Star. BIRDS. S t o r y t h a t T h e y H id e T h e i r H e ad a W h e n F r i g h t e n e d H u « S la n d er. C hief O c c u p a tio n o f ■ H e a d o f a iiouae. BABOONS N O T S TU P ID pend the limb with a weight attached. In order to keep the extension perfect at all times and to prevent, at the same time, any Inadvertent or inten tional twisting or turning of the limb due to restlessness or fatigue. In most cases the surgeon Is compelled to ex ercise his Ingenuity In devising a home made rig for the purpose, so that the simple arrangement shown in the II- MFCIIAS1CAL LEO-rrLLFR. musicians, made a tour through the principal streets o f the city. The com poser, Kysler, performed the duties of organ-grinder, while the others sung a repertoire which Included such well- known songs as “ Geh, Mach Dien Fen ster A u f” ("Go, Open Your Window” », "Küssen Ist Keine Sund" ("Kissing Is No Sin” ) and "Jetzt Spielt's Uns an Tanz” (“ Now They Play and Dance for Us"). The incognito o f the celebrated band reninined undiscovered and the day's “ takings" aggregated a paltry (¡8 kreut- zers (about 1 shilling 2 pence», which they laughingly divided among them selves. Their previous doubt us to the ability o f the public to Judge o f the value o f art unassisted by theatrical effect have now given way to settled conviction. But. nevertheless, it would have been interesting to find out what the day's takings would have amount ed to had the quartet openly announc ed themselves as the leading lights of the Austrian musical world. Doubtless the man in the street, even in Vienna, does not look for talent in the streets. lustration, which is portable and can IR ELAND'S NEW SECRETARY. be u scii repeatedly, will come as a boon to the medical fraternity. A sim R e p r é s e n t â t ! v e o f L a n d S y s t e m W h i c h ple frame of finished lumber is set up 1* A b h o r r e n t t o I r i s h , and attached to the foot of the bed The Balfour cabinet has not stead. A window frame would he as strengthened itself by the appoint effective as anything else for the pur ment o f the successor to George pose. A pulley bracket is attached to Wyudham, who this frame, and provision is made for has resigned the Increasing or decreasing the amount of chief secretaryship traction applied to the limb by adding o f Ireland. Wyud- additional weights, the pull being ham résigné,! be transmitted by a rope to the limb in a cause his policy, conveniently shnpon pair o f splints. which favored a wider extension of N O T E D A R T I S T S S I N Q IN S T R E E T S government pow V i e n n a S t a g e C e l e b r i t ie s Teat P ub li c** er* to the Irish J u d g m e n t o f Mneic. people, was repu- A merry quartet o f performers msde diated by t u e an Interesting experiment In tbe streets w a l t tin umu. House of Com o f Vienna, says the New Orleans mons as well as by the cabinet, and Time*-I»emocrat, in order to see with naturally his successor was selected their own eyes how the general public because o f his opposition to auch pol would appreciate the highest artistic icy. And that Is for what Walter talent If it were exhibited in the open Ixing. the new secretary, essentially street, unannounced and unadorned. stands. He Is one o f Ireland's ab M E C H A N IC A L LE G -PU LLER . Miss Gerda Walde, prlma donna of sentee landlords and is resolutely op W e l l - K n o w n Device o f th e H n rge o n In the Vienna stage; Ixuils Treutnann, the posed to all concessions to Irish feel popular comedian o f the Carl Theater: ings. He Is a man of mediocre abil Fracture Treatm ent, Occasionally In the surgical treat Edward Kysler, the composer, and A l ity, without one atom o f distinction o f ment of deformities of the limbs, as In fred Deutsch-German, the playwright. auy kind. For a score of years he has of fr* clun!‘. It la necessary to sus j arrayed In the garb o f ordinary atreet sat In parliameut. but never did any- tiling to raise his name from the dead level o f a commonplace party tiack. As an absentee landlord, he stauils for a system which has been the bane of Ireland; and as an opponent to all concessions to Ireland he has already invited the hostility o f the Irish peo ple. Instead of being a strength he Is a weakness to the Balfour ministry, which is rapidly tottering to its fall. It P a i d to A d v e r t i s e . The most refractory among dumb beasts may sometimes be won by per sistent kindness. It is also evident that the obstinate of the human species may be influenced by an assault o f hu mor. I’ hil May, the English artist “ of most dear memory," had promised to do a colored design for the Christmas number of an illustrated weekly pub lication. Tbe date fixed on for its de livery passed by, and no design had been forthcoming. Letters and telegrams were unan swered, and when a messenger was sent to May's house it appeared that he had gone to Paris without leaving any address. This, necording to M. A. P., is what happened next: The publishers were at their wits’ end. hut one o f them, paying a day's visit to Margate, was overjoyed to see May basking in the sunshine by the water. The publisher did not make himself known, hut calmly ascertained whore May was staying. Then he hired six sandwich men to parade np and down before the artist's window, with boards hearing different legends. This was their tenor: “ What about our Christmas cover?” "W e are waiting for that cover.” It was a delightful reminder, and in a few days the publishers received one of the most brilliant designs May had ever executed. Way* and Mean*. The first time Billings married Was ia his salad days; He loTed a maid because, he said. She had such charming ways. When a farmer plants his wheat in the fall he doesn’t expect a harvest in a week or a month. When you give an order for a ten-story office build ing you don’t go around to the site the following day and expect to find a complete building. The farmer knows he must wait un til the seasons and the chemicals o f the earth work their changes, and you know that your building must proceed by gradual stages, brick upon brick, until finished. So It is with advertising. The first Insertion does not Influence the public mind, nor tbe last, but one added to the other, every one gathering strength from those that precede it, gradually influence the public mind and bring j to your bank the business you desire. A single week or a month o f adver tising is merely a blow or two o f a cork against a bar o f steel. Its effect is absolutely nothing. It is money and effort wasted, but the continuous, per sistent hammering, week after week, month after month. Is Just as sure to start the pendulum o f business swing ing your way as day is to follow night. J U N C L E S A M V A L U E S HER. M i* s K e t e l l e K e e l I * H i * H i g h e s t P a i d W o m a n E m p lo y e . The highest paid woman In tl;e United States government service is Miss Estelle Reel, who is superintend ent o f all the In dian schools. She is very hamlsomo and distinguished- looking. and not much over 30 years of age. Though she h a s headquarters at the Indian bu reau in Washing ton, most o f her time is spent It» estelle reel , traveling about all over the country, her task being to Im prove the management o f and the edu cational methods adopted In the day schools, boarding schools, kindergar tens and other establishments main tained by Federal authority for train ing the minds and bodies o f our youth ful aborigines. Miss Reel's power In such affairs Is well-nigh absolute, and she has instituted many Important re forms in the schools. Her pay is $ 3,000 a year plus traveling expenses, and she earns the money. J n * t a L i t t l e Slap. Tess— I thought you weren't going to semi Marie Maclnnes an Invitation to your tea? Jess— Oh! I decided that I couldn't hnrt her feelings that much. The second time, grown wiser. Tess— So you sent her one? He shunned the social queens. Jess— Yes, but I addressed It to To a widow's charms laid down hit "Mias Mary McGinnis.” — Philadelphia arms— Press. She had such ample means. —Cleveland leader. I f a woman is young she always No. CiNiiena, («„ailing tue town red gets considerable wear out o f a gap Isn’t one o f the cardinal virtue*. uient before the bill comes in.