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W A SH IN G T O N
Particulars of the
Disaster in Japan.
Irih e r
f ir s t
L u i e o f I*1«
Tbou .en ila
t h a t W e r e A f-
K illed .
snoouvsr, B. U ., July 6.— The
I ruB9 of China arrived laat night
! Yokohama nows to June IS
idk the recent earthquake wave,
[Yokohama Mail haa the following:
1 will be sometime doubtless, before
Tfull particulars reach Tokio of the
U disaster that has overtaken the
ole living on the coast of I’ lkuzeu
J Kikchu. Between S and 8:30 1’.
lou the 18th a violent seismic dis-
ince occurred iu the ocean that
B9 the northeastern coast of the
j island. Accounts thus far re
ed place the center of the disturb-
i in the vicinity of the island Kin-
Following the coast line
| the reports from the various places
ogawa, Futhama — Many lives
animals destroyed and houses in-
ated, but no definite numbers
Jfashigamai— Forty persons killed,
|ty houses washed away; prison
\a thrown open and several pt'ison-
Lupposed to be lost, as well as
j of the wardens; quantities of
h matter swept away
lotoyoBbi (or SluzukawH)— Eighty
lamaishi— Over one-half of the
L swept away; many persons and
^lals killed, telegraph utlice washed
liyako— Much injury to life and
luji—The same fate as above.
Ischinoye, Miuato— Eleven persons
, two missing; school building
«roved; bridges swept away
aocounts speak vaguely of
ksai’ds of lives lost and 600 houses
pt away on the coast of Ojika and
osi alone, but that seems to be
pie statement is that thirteen shocks
i felt in the neighborhood of Ishi-
, but they must have been com-
en a lamentable loss of life and
lerty, and large tracts of rice fields
I been inundated and destroyed,
following are further details regard-
I the damage done and lives lost
lngh the tidal wave
kani, Mutoysht— Buildings swept
|y, ninety; deaths, 400.
|aeliikaini, Mura— Buildings swept
Jr, 300; deaths, 400; wounded, 100.
loidzumi, Mura— Deaths 1,450.
Jtatau, Mura, Matoyoshi district—
Idings Bwept away. 600, there being
|lutely nothing left; deaths, 600;
;achihama, Memo district— Build-
swept away, 40; deaths, 31;
odai— In the districts of Motoyo-
|Ojika and Memo, in Mivagi pre-
e, there was disastrous damage
i tidal wave during the night,
oshi alone had 1,030 deaths, and
buildings washed away.
T r o tv c tio u o f P u gillu n i
In Francisco, July 6. — There is a
pmeut on foot among sporting men
Vm a society that w ill probably be
Jrn as a Sportsmen t Protective As-
Ition. The object w ill be the pro-
Tun of sports in general, and the
king of boxing bouts in particular.
men interested in sporting
lers are at the head of the move-
It is their intention to interest
i D. Spreckles, Thomas H W ill-
land others equally prominent in
ling circles iu the matter, and in
Jway form an organization that
Inot only do a great deal toward
kurificstinn of sports, but beiome
Iminent political factor as well,
lat present it looks as if the sole
pse of the organization *ia to per-
e ntitle" boxing exhibition'.
Ihat candidates for public office
are not opposed to su"h exhibi-
I will have the support and appro-
A U i n t r a n t in«* S q u M b b l e .
Francisco, July 6.— The board
kith is prepared to defy the fed-
overnment. A t a meeting of the
I today a letter was dictated by
Vallaoe Wyman, in charge of the
be hospital at Washington, declar-
jthat the United States statutes
Itbe federal government no au-
ly to establish quarantine regnla-
| over San Francisco bay. while
slifornia statutes particularly es-
|b the position of the quarantine
The board has announced its
fmn of standing by its authority.
W a * I t A u d reiT
York, July 6.— A special to the
from Winnipeg says: “ A mys
i balloon passed oyer W innipeg
ening. The appearance of the
i caused people to wonder if it
1 nil res' balloon. Professor An-
filed early in June from Norway
litzergen, from whence heintend-
to the North pole in a balloon.
T h e H ig h H a t B i l l P a s s e d .
1 1 irleana, July 6.— Representa-
Ihidenhafer’s high-hat bill has
1 the house by a vote of 61 yeas
P'>es. As amended it provides
theaters and other places of
ent where admission is charged
ovide a suitable reception-room
and an attendant to take
| of them free of ooet to their pa-
The bill, in effect, prohibits
ng of bats altogether at tbea-
W o m a n a n d I t . r l> a u « h t e r
N e e r S an ta B a r b a ra .
C O M M IS S IO N E R S .
Iteport o f W h a t T h e y H a v e Done
i n g t h e L a * t Six M o n t h *.
Salem, Or., July 8.— The board of
railroad commissioners was in session
at the capitol today. A new freight
and passenger schedule for the seashore
railroad is being considered. Now that
trains are being run, freight bundled
and passengers oarried from Astoria to
the seaside, instead of from Young's
Bay bridge, as before, it is necessary to
make some changes.
Since its last meeting, the board has
made its semi-annual inspection of the
roadbed, trestles, bridges and equip
ments of the Oregon Central & Eastern
Railroad Company. The commission
found that a great deal of work hsd
been done since the last inspection.
The bridges and trestles east of Albany
are in fair condition, and new ties are
being put down rapidly.
and trestles from Albany to Yaqnina
have been overhauled and strengthened,
aud a nurnb-r renewed entire. New
ties have taken the place of old ones,
aud many more are distributed along
the line of the road ready to be put in.
A force of bridge aud trackmen was
found at work. The road is in very
fair condition for the summer travel.
During the last week of June, an
official inspection was made of the
Coos Bay, Roseburg & Eastern railroad.
This road extends from Marshfield to
Myrtle Point, having a branch to
Beaver H ill, a town of 600 inhabitants,
where are the Beaver H ill coal mines.
The railroad is abont 32 miles in
length, and has been built about three
years. It is well constructed, and the
track is of 56-pound steel. The bridges
are uniform standard, well built and
substantial. The motive power and
equipment are sufficient for the traffic
demand, and are kept in good condi
tion. The road was found to be in
very fair condition throughout. When
the road is extended to Rosebnrg, 63
miles from Myrtle Point, the present
eastern terminus, it w ill give rail con
nection to a thrifty section of a now
comparatively isolated country.
F l o o d - In W e n t V i r g i n ! » .
K ille d
Santa Barbara, Cal., July 8.— A
double murder was committed last
night in the Montecito vallev, the vio*
tims being Mrs. H. U. Riohardon, aged
55, and her 17-year-old daughter Ethel.
A workman discovered the body of
the daughter in a vacant held near the
Kiohardsou house, and her throat bad
been out and there were several wounds
on her head. Near the body was a
club, which had evidently been broken
in the hands of the murderer. The
news of the orime soon roused the whole
The Richardson house was found
locked, and when an entrance was
forced, the coroner and sheriff found a
trail of blood leading from the front
door to Mrs. Riohardson’s bedroom.
Near the bed lay the body of Mrs.
Richardson, face downward, in a pool
of blood. A bullet hole in the head of
tile bed and one in the window-casing
told of her efforts to escape the pistol
of her assasin. Below the woman’s
left eye was a bullet hole, and there
was another through the left hand.
About the face and forehead were deep
gashes and the back of her head had
been beaten by a stick loaded with
lead. When found Mrs. Richardson
was still alive, but did not reoover
consciousness aud died at noon.
The murder was probably committed
lest night, the victims being in their
night-clothes. Citizens are greatly ex
cited, aud the murderer, if caught, w ill
undoubtedly be lynched.
The suspicions that the officers first
entertained, throwing the blame on
Thomas A. Richardson, were entirely
dispelled by the startling developments
tonight. If Cyrus Barnard was the
man who murdered tho Richardsons,
he was certainly brought to a swift
reckoning for his crime. W hile re
sisting the attempt of Officer W. W.
Hopkins to arrest him tonight, and af
ter he had shot twice at the officer, the
latter returned the fire, killing him in
Barnard was under strong
suspicion of having commited the
crime, and was kept nnder close sur
veillance. About 9 o’clock tonight,
Hopkins saw Barnard on his way
home, and followed him. Approaching
him just as he was entering his house,
he called to him, asking him to go to
his offioe. Barnard at first objeoted,
but finally agreed, telling the officer to
wait until he left a package in his
house. The officer followed him to the
door and struck a match. Almost in
stantly two shots were fired and two
ballets whizzed by the officer’s head.
Hopkins fired one shot, the ball pass
ing through Barnard's head, killing
R A ILR O A D
A Resume of Events in the
EVIDENCE OF STEAOY GROWTH
(la th ered
Our N e ig h b o r in g
S tate* — I m p r o v e
m e n t N o t e d In A l l l u d u s t r l e e —O r e g o n .
¡Strawberry shipments have about
ceased at The Dalles aud Mosier.
A barbers’ union has been formed in
Salem, the object being to establish
uniform rates and uniform honrs on
The sawmill on Lobster creek, in
Curry couonty, w ill soon be at work
cutting lumber with which to build a
The streets of Westport have been
nnder water, because of the flood, and
the inhabitants have been compelled
to travel on elevated sidewalks.
A telephone line is being constructed
from Willamina, through Sueridau aud
Ballstou, to McMiuuville,where it w ill
connect with the long-distance line.
Mrs. Malinda Cole, aged 59, a well-
known pioneer of Baker and Malheur
counties, died at her borne on W illiam
creek in Malheur county last week.
Philip Brogan, jr ., who lost a num
ber of sheep from poisoning in Dry
Hollow, near The Dalles, has found
that 500 head, instead of 150, as was
at first thought, were killed.
A. Field found a vouug sea bird in
his spring four miles below The Dalles
last week, apparently enjoying a bath
in fresh water. He thinks the bird
was blown over the Cascades by the
The Goodale logging crew have com
menced scaling and rolling logs at Co
burg. The drive w ill consist of be
tween 4,000,000 aud 5,000,000 feet.
It is not known just when the run w ill
Charles Raymond and R. S. Radford,
two Southern Oregon miners, are re
ported to have made a rich strike on
the Umpqua divide, near the head of
Salt creek. Their discovery, it is said,
is a large porphyry reef, which showB
up rich in free gold and w ill, accord
ing to reports, run from |200 to $500 a
County Treasurer Kern, of Um atilla
oounty, has remitted $2,000 of state tax
to Treasurer Metchan, at Salem. This
makes $27,000 which has been .sent to
the state treasurer this year, leaving
$5,500 yet to be remitted to satisfy as
sessment of state tax upon Um atilla
county of $33,000, as compared with
$23,000 for last year.
The Southern Pacific company is re
pairing the roadbed of its lines through
out the valley. A train of twenty-nine
flat cars, carrying about 7,000 ties, are
being distributed between Portland and
Salem along the main line.
trains are distributing ties along the
branches and south of Salem, and as
rapidly as possible the material w ill be
used in repairing bad places along the
A hop contract was recently signed
by Salem growers iu which they agree
to furnish a Cincinnati firm 10,000
pounds of hops, for which they are to
be paid 7 cents per pound for the
first year's crop, and 8
cents for the
two follow ing years. An advance of 4
cents is to be made annually at pick
ing time, and the porduct is to be de
livered at Gervais not later than Octo
The first annual fair of Pacific ooun
ty w ill be held at South Bend Septem
ber 23; 24, 25.
The directors of the Adams County
bank, at R itzville, contemplate increas
ing its capital stock to $50,000.
The Spokane river apparently has
reached abont its highest for this year.
It is still three feet below high-water
Colfax's school population has in
creased to 734 from 631 since last year,
according to the school census just
The oounty commissioners of Pacific
county have been officially notified
that that connty is entitled to a free
scholarship at the state agricultural
college at Pullman.
One thousand cords of wood burned
near Hartford, on the Monte Cristo
railway last week
The forests were
on fire in that vicinity aud much valu
able timber was burned.
The cargo shipments from fourteen
m ills in Washington daring May were:
lath, 1 , 105 , 670 . Coastwise— Lumber,
20 , 747 , 503 ; lath, 4 . 511 , 500 .
Large quantities of cedar and spruce
siding, aud cedar roofing and siding are
being shipped from New Whatcom to
The spruce siding
sells in some sections for white pine.
Wheeling. W. Vs.. July 8 — Traffic
on the Baltimore & Ohio River roads
i« practically suspended, many bridges
having been washed out between here
and Parkersburg and Grafton. The
bridge at the passenger station of the
The hot wave whioh has been preva
Baltimore * Ohio in this city has just
lent in the W alla Walla valley has re
fallen, and the Ohio river railroad
tarded the shipments of fruit to a
bridge is in great danger.
marked degree. It ia said that the
strawberries have been ripened so fast
A n Offlclsl In q u ir y .
Wilkeabarre, P a ..J u ly 8.— Official that they w ill not now stand shipment
investigation into the Twin shaft dis to a market at any great distance, and
aster began today by three inspector* w ill barely hold up to points as far as
appointed by Governor Hastings.
Work on the new steel bridge over
A n In s u l t t o t i o n o m l J o h n s o n .
Stuck river, between Seattle and Ta
Havana, July 8— An ex-captain in the coma. will be begun next week by the
Spanish array publishes in the La Northern Pacific engineering depart
Luoba a card addressed to "Bradley T. ment The bridge will be of three
Johnson, General,” which is very la spans, 186 feet long in all.
boriously inanlting to that gentleman.
The West Coast and Puget Sound
A n A r l i t o p r x i l e S u ic id e.
Lumberman notes that British Colum
London. Joly 8.— Lady Mary Bligh, bia mills have supplied the United
daughter of the Earl of Dsrtney, has State« with 29,795,000 shingles during
been found drowned in a pond at Cob- the fiscal year ending June 1, while we
bam hall, near Gravesend. It l* be shipped 800,000 shingles acroa* the
lieved »he committed suicide in oonse line. The exchange of other lumber
and coal products are in proportion.
quenoe of disappointment in lore.
D ecD lon
From W a «liiD fton
4> u »ra u tln e Can «,
Washington, July 6. — Dr. Wyman,
of the marine hospital aervioe, in com
menting on the action of the San Fran
cisco board of health in protesting
against the action of the government
in establishing a quarantine plant on
Angel island, in San Francisco bay,
and in exercising authority in quaran
tine matters at that point, said that
the plant was established and the nec
essary jurisdiction given by special act
of congress, and that, until the act was
repealed, it would be enforoed. H ith
erto the quarantine regulations in force
at that port, be said, had been inade
quate and the facilities for disinfect
ing baggage, etc., were of no practical
use. The government had erected a
plant with two large steam disinfect
ors, with rooms for the use of detained
passengers, etc., and a boarding steam
er had been put in commission, and he
had no doubt that good results would
be obtained. Dr. Wyman was at a
loss to know upon what ground the ac
tion of the board could be justified, but
expressed the wish and hope that all
differences would be amioably settled.
G o v e r n o r H a a t i n g * W a n t s t h e Ca u se o f
the Disaster In ves tig a te d -
Wilkesbarre, Pa., July 6.— The men
at work in the Twin-shaft mine at
Pittston made fair progress today, ac
cording to the official report.
Fuller, secretary of the Newton Coal
Company, produced a map of the mine
and shewed what had been done, a dis
tance of about 300 feet down the slope,
or abont 700 feet from the foot of the
slope, having been uncovered. Secre
tary Fuller said that the report of the
pillars of the mine all being worked
out, leaving no support for the roof,
Another mass meeting was held in
Music hail tonight. Additional sub
scriptions to the amount of $1,200 werd
Governor Hastings has written to the
state mine inspectors, suggesting that
they meet at the Twin-haft mine to
investigate the cause of the recent dis
aster. The inspectors are asked to re
port in w riting to the governor what
in their opinion was the cause of the
accident, whether any precaution was
ommitted which would have tended to
prevent it, and what legislation would
in their judgment secure the miners of
the state immunity from risks of this
O U R
R U R A L
R E A D E R S .
San Francisoo, July 6.— The United
States and California had a dsagree-
ment about quarantine affairs today.
The steamship Mariposa arrived from
Honolulu aud Australia, and was
boarded first by the state quarantine
officers, who issued the proper health
certificates. Shortly after, the United
States quarantine officer boarded the
vessel and went through the same per
formance. There has been a clash be
tween the two seta of quarantine offi
cials, the state employes claiming that
the United States has no jurisdiction
over quarantine matters in San Fran-
oisoo bay. Collector W ise had threat
ened to refuse entry to vessels not in
spected by the United States officials,
but today he received instructions
from Washington that certificates from
either looal or national health officers
T h e C a n n e r y m e n Se nd D o w n t o V i o t o r i »
for P o lic e P rotectio n .
Victoria, B. C., July 6.— The differ
ences which for the past few months
have existed between the northern oan-
neries and the fishermen, with respect
to wages, culminated last week in the
declaration of a general strike by the
fishermen who are employed iu the five
canneries at Rivers inlet. , The news
was brought tonight by the steamer
Captain Foster, whioh
brought dispatches to Victoria from the
managers of the canneries, asking for
police protection, the strikers having
assumed a threatening attitude, in
timidating many cf the Indians who
were desirous of« fishing at the old
The Chieftain called at the
Union wharf on the way down, and
from there Captain Foster informed
Superintendent Hussey of the difficulty
He at once swore in
four special constables and sent them
north by the Danube, which sailed last
night. They are to report to Constable
Wolcott, of A lert bay, who w ill go on
the Danube to Rivers inlet.
Fees I lle g a lly * ollected.
Fresno, Cal , July 6.— One of the
roost important decisions in the history
of the connty was handed down by
Judge Carter, concerning the collec
tion of fees by the connty clerk. For
the past year the clerk, on the sdvioe
of the district attorney, has collected
«2 for filing complaints and for placing
the cause on the trial calendar, a like
sum being charged for every record
preliminary to and daring the pen
dency of the suit. Under this system
the trial of one case alone involved the
payment of over $150, some cases ac
tually being kept out of court alto
gether. The decision makes it neces
sary to pay $2 for filing the soit only.
The county w ill now be compelled to
refund several thousand dollars to pro
Washington, July 6.— The t«gin-
ning of the new fiscal year having put
at the disposal of the navy department
appropriations for work long post
poned. orders have gone forward for
immediate resumption of operations.
Most of this will be done at the Mare
island navy yard. In this yard need
ing repain are the Bennington, Petrel,
Baltimore, Concord, Ranger, Mobioan
and Hartford.| The work of renovating
and repairing their engines and boilers
will now prooeed with rapidity.
SOM ETH ING HERE THAT
F a r m e r « S hou ld E n co u ra g e th e S tu dy
o f T h e o r i e s —H o w
E a r t h S e r a p e r —C r a t e f o r M a r k e t i n g
T h e o r y and P ra c tic e .
The liueceeaful mail who prides him
self oil beiutf a strictly practical farm
er, breeder or feeder, with "no theoreti
cal or scientific nonsense about him,’’
may do considerable harm by the force
of his example. The fact that he car
ries on his operations intelligently aud
successfully is evidence that he carries
them on scientifically. He is then, al
though he may not know it. a scientific
farmer, and unconsciously understands
and carries out the very principles
which scientific men are trying to im
press upon tlie minds of the ignorant,
and at which he scoffs. Such men do
harm when they sneer at the idea that
theoretical or scientific knowledge is
unimportant. It may be unimportant
to the man whose practice agrees iu the
main with correct principles, but to the
man whose practice is not correct, and
never will be until be understands the
principles which underlie it. such an
idea is disastrous. I f all men could or
would conduct their work on right Hues
It would matter little whether they un
derstood the principles or not. Hut all
will not do this. Most of them must
know the principle first or they will
not persevere iu the practice; some will
not, anyhow. I.et us by all means en
courage the study of the theories aud
principles which are back of correct
practice in agriculture."—Stockman.
him on the road to the city. The team
has uever had any other owuer. and
they have never been overdriven. It
is the excitement of too fast driving;
which the horse probably enjoys as well
as Ills owner, which shortens the .If«
of most horsos. \Ve never knew horse«
to attain such age as rhis. Usually rh«
teeth liecome so prior that they can only
ent cut aud ground feed, but this Is us
ually best for all horses that hav«
hard work to do. as it saves unneces
sary labor for the digestive organs.
P e a s f o r F a t t e n i n g ; P iu s .
Corn is not the best food for young
hogs, yet as it Is more generally grown
than any other, aud is the cheapest
grain feed. It is the staple ration. A
diet o f peas is much better for making
growth. As the peas can be sown
broadcast, they need no cultivating,
and the crop may even be harvested
b.v turning tile pigs iu aud letting them
eat what they will. W e know a fanner
who every year grows three to live
acres of field peas. He gets the seed
from Canada to avoid the pea bug, but
iu localities where few peas have been
grown the pea bug bus so far disap
peared for lack o f its favorite food
that the pea can be grown for several
years without any trouble from this
source. Our farmer usually gets 25 SO
30 bushels per acre, and says the peas
cost less per bushel than the same
amount o f corn. He has the peas
ground with oats and corn, and keeps
some o f this mixture to feed his pigs
the following summer, when a little
grain feed does much more good than
it will in cold weather.—American Cul
T ra in in g; a l u n n i Cow.
Last fall I purchased a fine Guernsey
heifer for $20 that had become spoiled
iu milking, says a contributor to the
Country Gentleman. Wheu she fresh
Homemade E a rth S craper.
ened she stood well until she found
A good substitute for the expensive
the hired man was afraid of her, when
earth scrapers on the market may be she kicked so terribly that we were
obliged to put the calf to her again.
The calf had been allowed to do the
milking until four or five days old,
which 1 knew was a mistake, but It oc
curred while I was away from home.
I almost despaired of ‘'reclaiming”
that cow for the dairy, but at the end
n o o n EAR TH SCRAPER.
of six months weaned the calf. and.
made as illustrated.
The material strange to say. had very little difficulty
should 1 ■ hard wood, and the edge In In training her. She is ns quiet and
front covered with sheet Iron, after gentle now as any In the herd, and
which a u old piece of crosscut saw may bids fair to be an extra butter cow.
be fastened beneath the edge and turn
A F o d d e r Hack.
ed up at tile sides. The Iron straps to
When the pasture begins to get short,
which the chain is attached should go the stock must have extra, feed, and a
around the back as well as the sides of feed rack for the pasture or barn yard
the semper, to give strength. For lev Is necessary. The illustration shows
eling ridges and filling depressions such a rack built against a fence, wulch
about the farm, such au implement is has one Important feature. At the or
■ ; . .po. . dinary feed rack the strongest aud most
belligerent of the stock will course
A void in s Sickness.
. There is nothing more essential to the
success of a business man than the good
health of himself and his family. This
Is especially true of the farmer, who
rnujt give personal attention to every
part of his business and whose family
is closely connected with his work.
Anything that interferes with the use
fulness of any one In the average farm
home 1s a serious hindrance. For busi-
nesss reasons, therefore, the farmer
- ' A Jr "
cannot afford to have sickness In Ills
household. One of the most common
causesof slekuessiu the country is over
work. Many women especially suffer
from this cause aud do not seem to real
ize it, nor do their households. Another
common cause o f sickness is neglect of
home is usually well situated to avoid
trouble o f tills kind, but so often have
we seen surroundings that Invited dis
ease 'hat we have thought a country
health Inspector would not lie out of
place. It should not be difficult to pre
vent the pollution of air, water or food
in the country, and if these are all pure
there need be little fear of trouble.
along the length of the rack aud drive
off the weaker. IWth the one here
with Illustrated all such difficulties are
avoided, as each animal must keep hie
G ra p e V in e s B e a r K a rly .
Xext to the strawberry, the man who
is entirely destitute of fruit should
plant the grape vine if he would wish
delicious fruit o f his own growing
at the earliest possible time. W e have
ripened one or two bynehes of grapes
eighteen months after n thrifty vine
was set. The year after that It can
he made to grow four to five pounds
box fo r M a rk e tin g Produce.
of fruit, though It Is lietter to thin this
Many a fanner goes to market carry
out to half that amount. There is no
ing fruit, butter, eggs and a number of trouble In getting the grape vine to
other articles. A convenient package
fruiting. 'E ve ry bud left after pruning
for his use is showu herewith. The
will make a shoot, and this will set
box lias a iwll for carrying punH*i,,s- two, three or four bunches. The chief
One side, instead o f the top. is hinged, difficulty is to prune closely enough
disclosing shelves when opened. Fruit, to prevent more fruit from setting than
butter, eggs and other small articles
the vine can bring to maturity.
can be placed on these shelves, and
reached lustantly without disturbing
G rade Cowa.
In speaking of scrub cattle. It should
be noted that there flows some very
good Ayrshire, Shorthorn and Devon
blood iu the vein« of a large proportion
of the so-called common cows of this
country. Such cattle are by no means
scrub stock. When we see cows giving
sixteen Jo twenty quarts and producing
daughters equal to themselves, we may
well suspect some gotsl thoroughbred
other articles, which Is not at all the
ease when the package opens at the
P o u ltry
P o in ters.
I f the fowls are having free range
you can stop feeding them meat scraps.
Keep the old hen penned In a small
The l>ock W e e d .
but comfortable coop, but let the chicks
On meadow land the narrow dock is have free range.
one of the worst of weeds. It is so tena
Do not allow the drinking water to
cious of life that even after It Is pulled
be exposed to the sun. Give fresh
up and partly (jried It will grow again
wafer twice daily.
when wet by rains aud allowed to
I>o not set the hens In the hen house.
touch the damp soil. It is very com
monly auowed to seed, and the plant A sitting hen Is a regular louse fa< tory.
being cut with the grass goes into the A eool out building will lie much bet
hay, and the seeds are thus distributed ter.
Did you ever try ducks? Get a few
in the manure pile. It is In this way
settings of eggs now and raise a Hock.
that the plant is distributed iu locali
ties where none was known before. It will pay to raise them for your own
The seeds are very tenacious of vital eating.
ity as they will undergo heating in a
H ave shady runs for the chicks;
manure pile, and then grow quite as and no better place for both old anil
well as before being subjected to this young stock can be found than the or
ordeal, which will kill most other seeds. chard.
The dock roots can be pulled up
Let the chicks run In the garden If
while the ground is soft in the spring, they will. They will gather seeds that
or from recent heavy rains any time will do both them and your garden a
during the summer. But do not leave lot of good.
them on the fence«, thinking that they
Don’t forget that onion tops and
will thus dry out so as to be incapable
tender lettuce are excellent for young
of growing again.
Stock. Cannot you spare a little from
O ld H o r s e s S t i l l F f H c i e n t .
A gray haired farmer named W. B.
If you keep the windows of the hen
Anderson in Willink, Erie County, N. nery open at night, tack a screen of
Y„ drives a pair of mares that, though half-inch wire netting over the window
34 and 30 years old, are still able to do so as to keep out rata, mink« sod other
a good day’s work on his farm or take enemies.