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About Broad-axe. (Eugene, Lane County, Or.) 189?-19?? | View This Issue
t imi reoriK-s i-araii.
t THE BROAD-AXE,
1 Om to Ik Qalk Brr Llah.
tn riEui'Lt rn,
'HEW TO TUB LU4E, LET TBS CHUNK IAU V7HKUS THEY MAY.
EUGENE, LANK COUNTY, ORE. WEDNESDAY. MAY 31, 1899.
. HHMMMMIMMt M
CET OUT OF DEBT.
IIV r. r. TAYMIH.
They ray Mint procrlly in here.
Trus lh" prices of agricultural
products nru better t lutti 11 few years
HgO, pejllKpM lX Cptillg I'ottcKI, Slid
thert ere fewer complaints of li.irl ,
times than formerly. Now, pa
ft thnt unit 'tgage, I'" y those. 1 1 t j .
1'uhIi your collections. Push lln III
bard, ctti'i settle pibt duo account,
-vra if you luive to "knock off" n
part. Your intront iko you lictler
Thn Uiey do nut owe you, and
they ere tlien mora likely to employ
you. After they have paid you,
urg them tu pay their mortgages
and not', ntid gel out ofTlw
davery of debt. Int'.'rest eat like
ninths and corrodes like runt. Oct
rid of it, and get your eople free
from it. Ho who in free from debt
la least dilurlcd liy panic and
hnrd times. Indeed, that in fre
quently harvest time to those
wh have ready'' money. Panic
should not come, and tho time
ehnulj a I way lm normal. Hut
ince the days of tho Hank of
Venire, the commercial world has
ItaJ pniis and "crashes," and we
will continue to have tlirm until
we Irarn what a normal dollar in,
- and insist on having it. A normal
dollar in onu that will at all limes
purchase the tame averago amount
of coin mod idea or services, rio more
And no less, and remain constant
. and uniform in purchasing power,
Iteitbrr increasing nor decreasing
' iiv value, a determined by the
Averag of. purchasable commod
ities. Such a dollar could lie rtwiin
tained only by the multiple
standard. The material of which
uch a dollar would, Ih composed
would not lw an iuiHrtant flatter,
but paicr ' t'10 I"1 material for
such a dollar. Intrinsic vaUic
money if not real money; it 1
commodity money a refined form
of barter. If a tnaa want gold or
ilver for use in the arts, he should
go into the market and buy it, jq-t
t aa he would buy lend or platinum;
and the price of g ld :id silver
should be determined by supply
or.d demand, juit as the priccs-vf
other commodities are ditteniiincd,
and not by legislative law. "
With thit kind of a dollar, panic i
would not come, and debt would
not be the danger thai it now is.
A Rood commercial maxim it, "out
of debt, out of danger." Git out of
debt, and slay 'out, winterer the
temptation may be, and thus stay
out of danger, The gold standard
breeds freiient panics. They are
' sura to come, unless we establish a
standard and normal dollar, which
will be uniform and "honest" at all
time. 8o . preparo for the next
jmnic by getting out of debt. Have
all the money you can, to lino to
' advantago. when the pinch come.
When will the panto come? I am
hot a prophet, but I feel afo in
Buying that it will bo within five
years, and poasibly much sooner.
We are itill burdened with
metallic dollars, and but few yet
Understand tlw multiple standard;;
' ao we will, for some years, bare t
aooomodate oumclvcs to existing
conditions, but wn should be sure
to trend in tho right direction.
How would the following do as a
financial "plank" on which all
money reformers might unite?
We oppose all rirate banks of
iaaua; wa- favor the government
' issue of all money; we demand
' that every dollar issued by the
United RiatM Government shall
ba equal befora the law to any
other dollar so issued; we demand
that every lr&al dollar shall be a
legal tender for all debts, loth
public and private; we demand
that, rrgardless of the material
of which lcgnl monev may be
composed, a sufficient quantity of
such legal money shall ho issued
by tha United b lutes Government
, to oonstituto an honest mrasuro
, of values at all times, to the end
, that the purchasing vkIuo of a
dollar, in the general a ret ago- of
commodities, shall remain slablo
and uniform at all times, estab
lishing and maintaining absolute
Jostles at all limes among all
interests and cla?.-o, tlita pre
venting those rhoeks and ' depres
sions of budlnuM from which our
MH)le have so often sufTered. We
favor the ustiiblishing of 1'ostal
SuvinnH lianks, so mecrwful in
other irogrrnsivo countries, thus
placing in every community a snfe
ami se:uro depository for the
Wo oppKo th exorbitant rules
puid t tlie railroads fur carrying
the mail, and wn demand that'lir
same shall he reduced to the xlnt
of strict and jtM cpiity, in which
event penny postage; will Ik pruc
tii;iil)h', and ') a cheap piirkngo
pout, for the service knd couveni
cnoo of the . eopln. Wo oposi
discriminnlion in freight rates, stjll
criminally indulged in by the
railrouds; ami ai a final and com
plete remedy for tho same, gov
cxntnent owneri-hip and 0ertioti
of the railroadii may lwcomr neces--sary,
thus using the most powerful
instrument for internal commerce
for the service of the p-oplo in
stead of for 'private 'profit.
The transmission of intelligence
by rlectrict'y as well as by mail
should be a government function,
lieyond the control of private in-
terests; therefore, for prompt, cheap
and impartial service Onf nil the
puplo ar.d of every interest, we
favor government ownership and
operation of the tol.graph, which
is now accomplish! in every other
civilized nation on the glole.
1'elephonr leing mostly hx-al in
their oMrstion, we favor municpal
ownership and opetation of this
service, with harmonious co-operation
with the proposed govern
ment telegraph service.
We favor the removal of all
protective tariff from articles con
trolled by a trust.
Indirect taxation for the sup
port of the government by means
of importation duties and internal
revenue, being a tax on consump
tion, bears much more heavily
upon the poor than upon the
rich. We therefore favor a pro
grcusivo inheritance tax, and a
progressive income tax, by means
of which the rich will bo re
quired to pay their just share of
the expenses of the national gov
ernment. The present method of electing
United States senators is corrupt
ing, wasteful and mischievous in
every way. Kxperienoo during
the winter just past proves this
afregh, with failure to elect in
Pennsylvania. IVlawnre and Utah.
We favor election of United States
senators by direct votoof the people
of each state.
In municipal matters we favor
tho municipal ownership and oper
ation of all public necessities
monopolistic in their nature, us
tho water supply, gas, electric
light, strecl-carS", etc.
In harmony with tho nbove pro
gram, the strictest possible morn
sybtem of rivil service is necessary,
instead of tho far too prevalent
spoils system, which has so din
gracefully'corrnptcd and debased
our public service, municipal, state
and national. Wa therefore pledgo
ourstdves to the greatest possible
improvement of the civil service
by the complete overthrow of tho
spoils system, and the improve
ment and extension of the merit
Weekly Crop Bulletin.
WKsTr.nJt orsoox. '
Portland Or. May 22 TK.
Weatiierw Tha cool, rainy
weather has continued. The mean
temperature for the week, 51
deg., is 1 dog. higher than for the
preoeeding week and is the same
as tor the cor.eapoi.ding week last
year. Hain fullfronj Monday to
Friday, about one-half Inch in
amount. Frosts ocourod on the
18th and 10th.' A heavy beiletorm
occurred on tho afternoon of. the
17th in sections of I'olk, Marion
and Clacksmas counties. '
Crops. The soil is oold and wet.
Seeding has been delayed, and
now cannot bo ' finished before
June 10th. Fall-sown grain has
made little growth, though it has
an exovllent stand; early-sown
spring grain is doing well on the
r ruil continue to drop, and
es)xt illy so for prunes. In some
orchards the Italian prunes will be
an nlisolute failure; in others a
small crop is probuble. The I'ttite
and Silver prunes have not fallen
so Itn'Ily, and they are eXjiecleil. to
give a fair yield. Cherries and
prnrs havq In-en dropping, but
as a rule, Rood crops will bo had.
Tho peach crop in tho southern
counties is ckmI. Apple are yet
blooming and a good crop is prom
iiMd. The caiiN) of tho dropping
is evidently duo to the Cold soil
and aWuce of heat to force the
sup up the tree; the small fruit
Is therefore liU-rally starved to
Heath, and it then drops to the
ground. The fruit, today, promis
es to he a smaller crop than was
ever before Brown in the HUte.
Garden produce is not making
rapid growth. Potatoes and corn
Cynttnij! from fourth psf-
ul le to the occasion. The southern
negroes are proverbial for the
melody and conipas of their voice.
and I thought that hymn, mellowed
by distance, the most solrmn and
yet the sweetest music that had
ever fallen upon my ear. The
stillness of the night and strength
of their voices enabled me to distin
guish the air at tho distance of
hiilf a mile.
i It w.is to me a strange and
solt mn scene, and no incident of
my life has impressed me with
more powerful emotions - than the
night funeral of the poor negro,
for this reason I have hastily and
most 'imperfectly sketched its lead
ing features. Previous to retiring
to my room, I saw in the hand- of
the daughter of the lady at whose
house I stopped for the night a
number of the Home Journal, and
it occurred to me to send this to
your aper, .perfectly indifferent
whether it be published or not. I
am but a brief sojourner here. I
shall return to my northern home,
deeply impressed with the belief,
thnt the negroes of tho South are)
the huppiot and most contented
people on the face of the earth.
Gecl I wisht I was a rock '
Yonder on the hill
Poin' nothin' all day long
On'y sett in' f till:
Jest soliloq'iitin' liko
For a century I
On tho ups and downs of life. ,
Chumps these mortals be!
Human Vein's work an' toil,
Fuss an' fume an' fret
Then they die, but that's your rock
r Jest the same, you bet!
RiK-ks don't have no discontent :
They don't notice things
What would make 'em like mankind
Full of sufferings:
They jet set an' set an' etl
Soakin in tho sun:
That's tho kind of a job I like
Work liko that is funl
Tramping V all tight, in its way,
Still, I'd rather be
Liki tho rock thar, in a trance
It 1.-st in' constantly.
Laiy? Me? Well, I do' know I
I'm too strong for workl
Like a rock I seldom move
Hurts me jest to shirk,
'f I could have my way on earth
I'd be like a rock;
Wouldn't eat nor sleep nor ttlrt
Wouldn't walk nor talk:
Wouldn't even dream, nor breathe
Darned if I would wash:
I'd jest lay still a thousand years
And rest myself, b'gosbl
From Joe Kerr's Cheery Book.
Wa see4 that Colonel Summers
is to be breveted general of vol
unteers. This will advance Lieu
tenant Colonel Yoran to the com
mand of the Second Oregon Reg
iment in the regular order.
It has boon said that the vol
unteers wish to remain in tho
Philippines, Then why did all
but 7 percent refuse to reenlist,
though offered 1500 apiece to do
so. And why was the Nebraska
regiment, whose courage cannot be
den ied, guilty of so grots an act
of iusurbordination as petitioning
in mass to be withdrawn from the
front? Things are evidently going
on at Manila, under tha shaadow
of the oonsorship, at which the
American people would revolt if
they knew the facts. The Public.
OUR MONTHLY TALK.
V C. V. TAVlO.
1 woll remember tha old-fashion-cd
debasing societies which were at
once interesting and educating and
developing to the young minds that
participated. I alno remember
sonfe of the stock question, as "re
solved that the J:n ii mightier
than the sword;" "resolved that
. . . - . S I iT" .1 i
the American Indian hss suffered
more injustice from the white man
than the negro;" resolved thot fire
is a nvtff destructive element than
water; "resolved thai atcord ing to
the Hibl'e, baptism byiArnersien is
essential to salvation," etc.
Those were days when the poli
ticians were waving the bloody
shirt and protecting the American
workman with tho blessed tariff
which now ban degenerated into a
protection of triiits. The outs
wanted to "turn the rascals out"
and the ins wanted t ) "keep the
rascals out." A- o!il!cal speech
was then a rchaffti of party hitory,
minglud with condemnation and
vitUeration of the other party.
When politics were on such a low
plane it was juBt as well for the
school boys to spend their time
discussing such question? as those
given above. Hut now at the cloe
of the "wonderful century" vital
questions are forced upon us and
their proper solution is imperative.
Our schoolboys and oar collcgcboys
should join in with tho mature
mn .nil tbn women kKooIiI iiiin
lor thwe questions afloct cvtryouc !
of us. Conditions come about once
or twice a century requiring united
supreme effort; thus are new
. Winter used to be the time that
people came together to discuss
various themes. Now summer
with its numerous camp meetings,
Chatauquas, etj. bring the peo
ple together perhaps more than
winter. Hut whether for summer
or winter or rather for both turn-
ner Anil arinlpr T u-iri Li nrnnw
j fof aisca,sion Bom of the leading
public questions of the present
time and I wish to urge their full
and free discui-sion at all proper
limes and places by every partici
pant of tho blessings of this
country and its government.. They
will never be settled uutil they are
settled right. These questions will
suggest numerous other questions.
Is the gold Etandard conducive
to the lies t interests of the masses
of the people of this nation?
Would Ihe free coinage of 'silver
at 16 to 1 be conducive to the best
interests of the masses of the peo
ple of this nation?
Would the free coinage of silver
at any other ratio than 16 to 1 be
conducive to tho bct-t interests of!
the roases of the pecrlo of this
Would the multiple standard for
money, as contained in Prof. Par
sons "Rational Money," ho condu
cive to the best interests of the
masses of the people of this nation?
Is our present national banking
f-pteio conducive to the best in
terests of the masses of the people
of this nation?
Is the issue of money by private
banking corporations good public
Would state banks of issue be in
harmony with the best national
Would tho issue of all money by
tho gem til government bo tho best
Would postal savings banks be
an advantage to the people?
Is government ownership and
operation of tao telegraph desir
Is public ownership and opera
tion of telephones desirable?
Is ao enlarged and cheapened
package post desirable?
i Is government ownership and
operation of railroads derirable?
Would a progressive inheritance
tax be good public policy?
Would a progressive income lax
le advantageous to the masses of
Would the removal of tariff from
articles controlled by trusts be good
Should not the war revenue law
be mealed, now that the war is
over, or kbould it be continued to,
wage a war sridnstlhe Filipinos?
Is expansion in barinony with
good public policy at this time,
and is it in harmony with the con
stitution? Is alien ow nrhip of land desir
able, and if not, what remedy
ftO.lld yOU p"OpOr;?
Would ih. f-xemption from Mx-
ation of ail "mall homes occupied I
owners be good public !
ould the nr.eh tit be pood
public policy for cities and towns,
for the slate, for the ration?
Has the judiciary ttsurpt too
much powcrin recent years by
Ia direct legislation, Consisting of
the initiative, thi referendum and
the recall, desirable?
Should direct legislation be ob
tained and used for local and state
af!tirs for rorno -years before being
pushed as a national isi-ae?
What issue or isruea are most
important to ,be discussed during
the campaign of pJOO?
Is the merit system of civil ser
vice, as distinguished from the
spoils system, a necessary and
vitally important measure to ;o
along with other reforms that you
Many object to government own
ership and operation of railroads,
telegraph, etc, fearing that with
the aid of so many government em
ployes one party could be kept in
jower indefinitely. England solves
this problem simuiy by disfran-
Would you favor a plan lite this?
Municipal employes would be dis
franchised only at municipal elec
tions and government employes
only at national elections. This
seems rational, for an officeholder
ought to submit hU . work to the
judgment of those wliom he serves.
Hy voting ho becomes his ojrn
judge to that extent
Ih a Uw for purifying elections
desirable, similar to the English
"Corrupt Practices Act?' This
act forbids an officer being install
ed if it can be proved that his elec
tion was aided by bribery or any
other corrupt act. Thus corruption
is fatal to success "and the opposing
v?ides watch each other very closely, j
This act has done more than any
other to purify English politics.
legislative bodies in this country
decides cases of contested election
concerning their own members.
Thus decisions are generally made
by a party vote instead of ac;trd-
ing to the facta in each case. Some I
other countries refer such cases to
a court, thus substituting judicial
examination and decision ior part
nership. Is such a change deair-
able for determining the member-!
! ship of our congress?
Notes and Comment.
Oregonlan: The Oregon State
Grange is how holding its t.eenty
sixih Session in this cilv. The
history vfjhe Grange n.orcn?rnt in
Oregon is one familiar to the in
telligent and well-to-do among the
farmer folk of the" states and the
order holds a high place in the
esteem ol ycrymany of them. A
conspicuous feature of the Orange
is its social side, and in this respect
it has been an important factor in
rural life. When the order , was
first instituted in the state, farm
houses were relatively few and jfar
between, and the loneliness of isola
tion brooded over what was known
as "the country " This isolation
was greatly relieved by the weekly
meetiwt of tbe Grange, and soon
these meetings came to be antici
pated with pleasure, and made
ready for with the sest of true hos
pitality and neighborly good-will.
This period and featur of the
Grange movement cannot be too
kindly remembered and commend
ed lor their influence ujwn the
development of the rural commun
ity along lines of iiclgbborlintss
and good chocr. Interest was, of
course, developed in more material
lines sometimes, but not always
to the financial profit of the farmers
whose earnest intention was to get
rid of the "middlemen" in the
marketing process. If they have
not realized their expectations in
this line, however, they hive
learned many practical and Rome
commercial lesons in the effort.
and the fact that they still stick
loyally to the Orange shows their
abiding faith in it as a measure of
self-help. yn ordtr that, after a
quarter of a c-ntury f varying
fortunes, shows a total of Mxty-two
lodge and 2100 members in the
Willamette vallev. and rallies be
tween .SJ and 4(Xi niernbera t ii
annual meeting, cemmands and
receives public consideration
an instrument of - good fellowship
among the c)ass from which it
draws its membership.
The editor of the Hroad-Axe can
teetifv to the truth et forth by
trie uregonian, ana lie remembers
with keen pleasure the many pleas-
ant hours he has spent with pa-
trons of husbandry in their Orange i
Oregon . City May 23. Solo-
mon Hachart, a young man livihg
near Marks Prairie, was found this '
morrripg in the woods, lyiDg on j
his fare, haying ehot himself with"!
revolver. He is still alive, but
recovery is doubtful. - At five
o'clock last night, Miss Hilton. I
aged 17, living at Marks Prairie, j
while returning home from Aurora,!
was assaulted and dragged fir ii,
her horse " by Bach art. Hbe re
ported that !.achart tried to kill
her, then said he would kill him
self. Bachart belongs to a re
La Grande, Ore., May 23. A.
W. Rynearson, a wealthy rancher
was drowned in the Grande Rounde
river this morning ' Rynearson
was crossing the river on a foot
bridge a mile and a half from town.
A floating log struck the bridze.
hurling Rynearson into the water i
and the swift current swept him
Washington, May 23. The war'
department is not going to spare
any pains in making the return
voyage of the volunteers, pleasant
and comfortable.- This is not only
due to the fact that these volun
teers have done great service, but
the administration is especially
anxious to have them well treated
and satisfied with what the gov
ernment has done in tho way of
taking care of them on their return.
So extra efforts will be made to
i'leave a good impression with the
returning soldiers who are going to
mingle with the people very largely
during the next few months.
A card received from Mr V L
Holt dated at Pacific Grove, Calif.,
says: ''The fruit crop is not ma
terially injured by tin late frost.
What it may lack in quantity will
be made up in quality. There will
be a grand yield of grain in north
ern California. Tho southern por
tion is still suffering from the
drouth and has little over half
crop at best.
In a good many localities in the
West chinch bugs were injuriously
plenty last year, and in such
sections farmers should take every
possible precaution to reduce the
power of the pest for mischief this
season. -The winter has been Very
severe, and many will be of the
opinion that on this account the
number of bugs that lived through 1
will be limited. Possibly this is
'so, and yet it is not at all certain.
As a rale hibernating insects stand
long, steady cold weather very
well. It is the open winter with
alternate f reeling and thawing that
is hardest upon them. Every
means should therefore be adopted
on farms where tha chinch bugs
appeared last year to destroy ait far
as possible those likely to live
through the winter this year. This
can best be done by a thorough
cleaning up and burning of all the
weeds, rubbish, fence coiner growth
and all the loose trash about the
premises in which the bugs might
take rufuae. The draws, wood
patches, edges of groves, road sides,
hedges, etc., should be carefully
cleaned op and the refuse burned
before tho insects leave their winter
quarters. Of course enough will
escape to serve as seed. They al
ways do. But the course suggested
wilt reduce tha numbers and then,
if tha small grain is attacked,
another campaign against the bug
can b made when it is migrating
from the stubbie fields to the corn.
Report of the Lansi row.nl
Sands School Association.
5 The tenth annual convention of
tic I.rine County Sunday School
Association convened at Pkaraut
Iliit May 1-Sth and 19th. Was
called to order by the president
sister Clara J. Bond of Irving,
Tbo secretary Mrs. Ella Bcnham
being absent on account oXsicknMS
Win. M. Pitney was sppointed
secretary protetn. A good sub
stantial program was rendered
Most of the officers and 36 dele
gates -were pwsuit, 4et beiwg dm
7, ., "
-u'kaK" , 4 t
Lane county is divided into six
districts as follows, Junction
Eugene, Springfield, Creswell, Cot
tage Grove and Siualaw. State
ments from the presidents of these
districts were received, all of which
ere very encouraging, and showed
the work to be in a prosperous
'condition. Notwithstanding tha
I l l a . .
inclemency oi tne went tier, and
bad condition of the roads tha
convention was Well attended, and
(rreatdeal of seal, and enthusiasm
for the work was manifested, and
every ov. felt strengthened and
encouraged to enter into the Work
with more enthusiasm than ever,
The president appointed the fol
lowing committees on credentials,
D. Read, Evelyn L. Barton, L. K.
Peck, who reported 37 delegates
present. On finance A. J. Zum
walt, Wm. M. Pitney, W. L
Wheeler. They reported no money
on hand, and recommended that
all schools in the county be nrged
10 W the two aai Pr capita
of the average attendance for 6 late
county and district work, and also
that a collection be taken up to
defray the expenses of the conven
tion which was 14.00. Carried.'
Collection $ 2.21. . f
Committee on . nomination, re
ported the following fhich was
adopted: For president Mrs. Clara
J. Bond, Irving; vice president,
Will Bristow, Creswell; secretary,
Wm. M. ( Pitney, Junction City
Treasurer, James S. Kelley, Pleas
ant Hill. District presidents, Mrs.
Mitchell, Euegene; J, L Jones,
Cottage G.'ove; R. G. Callison,
Springfield; Mr. Burton, Creswell;
O. Bennett, Junction City; F. E.
Freemont, Siuslaw. Committee on
resolutions submitted the following
which was adopted. ,
, Resolved that ' we tender oVr
thanks to the good people of Pleas
ant Hill for their words and acts
of welcome. And be it further
resolved that the Lane County
Sunday School Association eve
hold in rememberance the early
pioneers of this vicinity, and es
pecially ihe name of Elijah Bristow
who settled on this ground on
which we now stand in 1146, and
built the first house in Lane county.
And who so kindly dedicated this
ground to school and church pur
poses. Resolved that we put forth
a greater effort the coming year
and let oar motto be Lane county
for Christ. And that the thanks
of this are due sister Clara Bond'
for her seal, and good work for
the sncoees of the Sunday schools
in oar county. And that these
proceedings, and these resolutions
be sent to our county papers for
Official Bonte of Editors.
General Passenger Agent Hurl
burt, of the O. R. & N., Tuesday
gave out the official route of tha
National Editorial Association In
its trip across the country. It will
leave Chicago over the Chics go
& Northwestern, and continue west
over the Union Pacific, Oregon
Short Line and O. R. h Jf. to
Portland. It Is expected that tha
train will reach Portland on the
evening of July 3. It is under
stood that the most of the mem
bers of the assoclstion will return
East hy way of Vancouver over
the Canadian TaclfV and "Soo"
to St. Paul, thence bnek to Chicago
over the Chicago A Northwestern.
The time to be spent In and about
Portland has not been determined,
and probable Will not b before
the arrival of the association. It
cannot exceed a week, and It will
probably he four or five dyj ltf
one of which will be G1!J wilk ad
i tonal plsature.