Broad-axe. (Eugene, Lane County, Or.) 189?-19??, May 10, 1899, Image 1

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$0 $$$$$$ G $ $ $
J ! la H (Inlrk rrf l.lnk.
, I. , the broad-axb; ? i :vH r
..: ': ... . JVU. . -
T . - - - - L
' V
' r T.
Philosophy and
. Til LAW or klt'HANtuy.
Tho Vital fuel to tunn U that
exchange imy take place. Hi
exUtrnro In organist! sooivty do
jfiiU Uhii Ihi. H-lllng and
' Inlying mean lif.i. To exchange
lila product in man's natural right.
Man U barred ir. hi ability to
enjoy Ufa in proportion to the
citcul to which tli in right Id inter
fered with. Tim slave who i
' bwughs and old in denied by law
the right to sell and 'buy. Bawd
In thi right lira the. prineipl"
wl-.ii'h we call the Uw of exejiange
and which tiny m stated thu:
Every limn has a right to exchange
. Lit product on at a tiiue.
To nliiHMa that ihii Uw in not
true implie that man must 1 by
two or ly tlircvs, or according to)
some preSvritod rule. Wire ex
changes direct, that in n mailer of
barter, tho priuciplo would ' he Mr If
evident. Macau') if men were
forced to accumulate a fixed amount
Wore they were allowed l. ex
change, thia would provo a hard
ship, which would lie inereasej ly
thu greater difticulty in finding a
cuatonier for that amount.
The requirement would act m i
restraint upon trade. . :
Now, while the uao of uionev has
-.1 I . I. i . . r
ha not changed tho - nature of
thing", nor destroyed the principles
of direct exchange.
If from any caueo nur budineioi
ia done in violation of the Inw of
exchangee, evil nrudeault.
Now it can be ahown that a
scarcity of money, piece doe
operate a, a prescribed rule in
doing huxinctt.
'lxhok MDMr'rnm
Iet ui anaume that the volume
of money i large and that the
piece are all ten dollar, and one
hundred dollar, piece. With V
. lafge volume of money prices would
1m high. Theae pieceit, however,
wowld not enable a to do bunincm.
Produot valued at lea than ten
' Tnllaa rotlld nnt tnnv Mtn r 11 t
i .
iiuinv'i mo iouud 01 uusiiicks, ii.iiiiltlo n4.i,-v
J mult 17V Mil UM1UIII b1 III ieila
' dollaf Iota. Thing valued at a
cent tuut be Bold in lota of one
thousand ; those valued at one dol
lar must be aold in, lots f ten.
. This U unavoidable, beet use the
money piece only represent ten or
' Lundred dollar valuea. It ia eon-
. trary ia reason or experience to
auppoae that all men at all limes
eoald produce these accumulations.
If we Imagine that men ran do
business under such a strain, it
' must be under the following con
ditions): With such money, incn
must buy ia tun-dollar lot. Sev
eral men may combine leaser values
to produce the required amount in
orders to sell. They must now
jointly find ono man who has the
ten-dollar piece, and who want
that particular accumulation.
Suppose the do. Now the ten-
" dollar piece can be hold only by
one man. His forced partners
xuusl UepenU on liuu. Ho holds
thw rnnney.
A scarcity of money pieces does
not only lump the products, but it
also binds the producers. Tho
. money is in too few hands. With
such money eocicty must be com.
posed of lords and tenants.
This illustration discloses the
fore and tho tendoncv of a scarcity
of money pieces. It brings out
the relation that exists between
1 tho Money pieces and exchanges.
It shows the effect of a yiolntion of
the law of exchanges.
y As exchanges are effected throuah
the use of money it is evident that
very exchange rixpiires the pres
ence of a certain, amount of money.
ii me money pieces aro comjiutcnt
to represent any and all values,
and are In sufftcicut number to
enablo every exchangeable thing to
exchange against a like value, then
th. law 'of exchanges Is satisfied
and there exists an equilibrium
between tho number of money
piooes and the number of ex
changes. Ti...i .....i. -..:i:i..: 1
... i.,..M.v..u. ciivnu.i
Physics, of Money.
exixt in not an axMimj tiun, though
we may not he able to stati the
number of "exchange. We do
know that noma piece are in
dlspcnsible and that there is a
limit below which their number
cannot fall, or no limit cxtiila; in
which cane we may reduce the
number to aero. Hufch a conclusion
would be absurd.
Oar Itnya At Xatabon.
A. II. Hart ha received a copy
of tho Freedom,-ofMiuiile, of
Marcu 'Ji, one day lemt than a
mouth in reaching hnre, in ahlch
me Miiowmg iiro'ia umio i
given the Oregon regimunt:
lu tho buttle of Mlulxm on
Saturday, March l!.r)lti, the Second
On-goii rcgimnt U. H. V. t.iok
un active and leading part, and
dixpl.iycd courugo, valor und en-
i durance of the highest ordur
j For to como th')work of
ithii rvimont lit .Saturday will
I lc Miinlcd out ai an example of
whitt can lu achinvvd by volun
teer. No veterans of Wcllinutoti
or NaMksm or Li rant could h ive
done butter. No one can poinibly
conceive the huroic bravery of tho
Second Oregon on this occasion
utile ha has walked over the
i i
trenched, one after another;
through the thicken and jungte;
over, open strctchm whore . for
''.H tr.l. ft... 1.,1-if )
i rain of bulleU; and up to the
final insurgent lines which con
futed really of a fort with stone
lMp holes. This is not exog-
geration. It ts not hl I the truth.
Tho whole truth concerning the
work of this regiment will not be
written No oua saw it all, and
deceptions of those rushes through
fields where the air was fairly
charged with p ulsing lead would
hardly bo believed. Why was
the regiment not annihilated?
(tod only knows. There is an
old vying that it takes a ton of
lead to kill a soldier. The natives
are phenomenally poor marksmen.'
Thia fact and af.ivoring providenun
saved the Oregons, as it did
other regiments from destruction.
The insurgent with repeating
Mausers threw torrents of leaden
hail at our lines at random
some bullets must find a victim.
Col. Summers shouKl bo prood
of his regiment; the Eighth Army
Corps should be proud of- this
record; and. the rood people of the
great state of Oregon can words
express how they feel? People of
Oregon, your sons hare this day
proved thai their blood is like
that shed at Thermopylae and
Hunker's Hill,' the blood of heroes.
Co. I in chirgo of Lieut Phil
ips, is the lucky company of the
regiment. Thia company fought
its way to the north to a river,
a, distance of nearly - two miles.
It had its share of the work of
the day and the only causualty
was the wound received byCorp..
The colonel compHwwtwJ th
boys upon their superabundance
of good luck.
Young llnghea Seen.
Corvallis, May 2. County Clerk
Walters has received a letter which
possibly throws light on the reocnt
disappearance of Frank L Hughe
from his home in lobster precinct.
Tho Idler was written by William
M Case, Chaniporg, Or, and is as
follows :
"A boy about 14 years old ap
plied to me this morning for work.
Ho said his name was Hughes.
Hi two front teeth are rather
wider than usual, and aro prom
inent. Ho said he lived near
The letter has been sent by Clerk
Wattcra to tho father of the
missing boy.
If a servant in Germany falls
sick, her mistress is not allowed to
discharge her, but must pay forty
seven cents a day for her hospital
expenses until she is perfectly well.
1 v' ' "
10 f a m jnth with board.
lie had lnld J)own lo Shoot
Hheii bit by a Bullet
Manila, 1. I. March 28, 18V9.
Dear Mother: Today I am writing
from the division hospital ward No.
2 with a wound in the leg. The
Third battalion waa relieved from
the waterworks and joined the rest
of the regiment iu the city on the
night of March 23; add camped on
the txach in sight of the battleship
Oregon, when on tho 2 1th o took
np our march to Malaban, campibg
near Cm 11 rea n nntil after dark we
went and relieved the Twentieth
Kansas Iruui their trenches where
lor a month they had fkpt, eat and
done guard duly, hvery lime a
man's head got alxve the trenches
tho insurgunU would tako a shot.
In some places they hud thrown up
intreiK hiueiitn within 200 yards of
us. They kept khfoling at us all
night, and eotiu times it would
s-cm like they were thooting nsils,
and barb ire. We knew in the
morning that we were going to ad
vance aiid every one was eager for
the (raw Ah toon as it began to
gi'l ii.tyiigtit wu tiegan pumping
canubstcr and shrapnel into their
trenches, when afier about an hour
of heavy thooling, we got orders to
advance, -and the Oregon regiment
leiltx-d out of their trenches and
went afy the black devils.
The line was a mile long and it
was a pretty sight to see the charge.
Tho natives had built trenches
about 3 yards behind each other
clear into Malaban, ai.d they were
such that American l oops would
nover have retreated from. We
charged their trvnebos one by one
a:id never stopped until we, had
driven iiiem out. lhe air was
alive with bullets, and aa they
were stronger in front of our lines
uian any oiace ciao 11 is a wonder
that half of the regiment were not
killed. We crossed sloughs wading
under our arms. The nee roe
made a dcscrstc bUud iotheir
fourth trench, and wo wore laying
in an open field' ah joting at them
700 yard.
We had them eomo over a mile
and it was the first time I had laid
down to shout when I col wounded.
The bullet went in 'about three
inches above the right knee and
came out about six inches below it,
fracturing the knee-cap and mak
ing a very painful wound.
In the meantime Chandler, Craw
ford, Roberts and Mount had been
wounded. I lay on the firing line
about fifteen minute when I was
carried about 200 hundred yards
to the rear under a tree. .Hut be
fore I left the line the Third came
up and relieved our bovs and the
poor fellows had hardly laid down
when one on my right was killed,
and one near my left wounded. I
was finally carried on a stretcher to
Caloceau where I received treat
ment from a surgeon. At last I
wits put on a train and taken to
Manila where we were loaded on a
launch and taken to the hospital,
reaching there about five hours
after 1 was wounded. I am now
roeoiviMg - stood - traatsMnt, there
being several lady nurses here.
Up till today ray leg has pained me
a good deal but I am resting very
well today. (I will send you a
paper and you can seo( what it says
about our charge.) ,
I never thought of getting shot
until after I was hit There was
another . fight yetierday and G9
wounded and 12 dead were biought
in last night.
It will probably be three months
before I get out of here and then I
think 1 am Rood for a discharge.
Roberts was shot through tho body,
Chandler in the face, Crawford on
the head and Mount in tho arm.
All getting along nicely. Our reg
iment lost 9 killed, 47 wounded.
I received three letters the night
before the fight and will answer
them when I get better.
J. E. Snodgrasb. .
Letters dropped in the postofHo
at Taris ars dcliverod in Berlin
in an hour and a half, and some
times within thirtv-five minutes.
The distance between the cities is
;umiie. ins letters are carnea
through pneumatic tubes.
There is one roan back from
Alaska filled with deep disgust
for everything north of the 4'Jih
parallel, and be makes no boast
about it. His naroe it J J Parker,
of Upper Albino, who left Portland
but December for the Atliu coun
try, but got no further than fckag-
way, where he was stricken with
pneumonia, aod came near dying,
but not before ho had bocoms em
bittered against the Canadian au
thorities . on account, of their
persecution and proscription o'
Americans who Vre try'rg, tit
j,ryspcct anywhere near-the line, j)
Americans. lie says, nave lewer'i
rights on Uritiah soil than a China-'
man Las in the United States, and
kq takes no stock in the proposed
Anglo-American alliance in foreign
affairs, while such cou tempt 14
exhibited for the rights of Amer
icans in the Atlin country. He
predicts bcrious trouble along Por
cupine creek, whjerj Canadian offi
cials aro collecting all forts of poll
taxes and duties from Americans,
even on soil clearly under ine
shadow of the 8tar4 and utries.
On his re'.um home, Mr Parker
had for a fullow-passengtr on the
steamer City of .Seattle, ex-Gold
Comuiifsioner K;iwcctt of Dawson,
who told him 80 percent of the res
idents of the Klondike were Buffer
ing from scurry; that the deth
rate was 10 to 12 per day, and thai
not one claim in 500 was paying
anything. Mr Parker is a well-
known mining man, and he avers
that he can find better mines al
most within sight of Portland in
his own American country, where
the government begrudges no man,
citizen or alien, me lruus 01 111s
honeHt toil. He will stay iu God's
country in the future, and advises
every one else to do the fame.
The month ends with the usual
Tepublican announcement of wages
raised hero and there. The factories-
aro not identified. They
never are. These stories have an
ancient and fiihliko smell. We
were promised prosperity when the
republicans adopted the gold plank
at St Louis, when McKinley was
nomiuated, when he was elected,
when he was inaugurated, when
Congress met and when it ad
journed. It is not here yet. It
will not be here. It is harder for
the poor man to make both ends
meet than it was two years ago.
It Will be harder two years hence
than now. " Money is dearer. La
bor ia cheaper. Steadily the
worker gets loss for his work.
That condition is inevitable under
the gold standard. It exists "in
Europe. It exists here. There is,
in one of tho buildings of Chicago,
an organisation known as the Re
publicans Workmen's League. It
is legging for Zina R Carter for
mayor. The workingman Can take
my word for it that if he will stick
to the republican ' party, it will
reduce him to the condition of the
European laborerlnside of twenty
years to a dead moral certainty.
1 can see no more reason why. a
workingman thould bo a repub
lican than why a trust thief should
be a democrat. Watchman.
It is a remarkable thing that the
men who are now declaring that
destiny is solely responsible for
whatever happens to the United
States were yesterday dancing
about and shouting that the future
of this country depended wholly
upon the protective tariff.
Tho Tepublican manngeis and
tho trusts have concluded that it
will bo necessary to Insert a strong
anti-trust plank In the republican
platform for 1900. Look out for It.
Satan's title to the kingdoms of
earth that he proffered to the
Savior of mankind if he would bow
down and worship him was about
as good as Spain's title to the
Philippines, for which McKinley
paid twenty millions of dollars.
If we give our consent to the
creation of a standing army for the
purpose of exploiting weaker na-
jtions, can w complain if orgar.ired
wcaitn turn that army upon our-
selves and deprive us of our lib-
rrliet when the ' opportune time
Every trust v the United States
will role the republican ticket in
VMM), yet in that year we' will hear
the republican stomp orators
screeching - themselves hoarse in
denunciation of trot's ia order to
induce the people to vote the same
ticket that th uuaU m support
ing. The trusts cannot bo beateo
in that way. The only way that
the trusts can be beaten is to elect
th candidates that the trusts are
opposing, ,
We hear it slated that the editor
of this paper Is censured as the
author of a communication that
appeared in the Broad-Axe of April
19, under heading: "Circulating a
Petition," over signature of "A
Now it is sufficient to say that
wo never write anything for our
paper under cover of a ficticious
name or correspondent but always
as matter that may appear as
editorial. And further we do not
in any way hold ourselves respon
sible tor what our correspondents
may write, . wishing to give each
one the widest range to discuss
freely all subject of public concern
and holding them responsible to
themselves for their own utter
ances. In the case mentioned we slate
that we are not the author of the
communication referred to, that
the author was a Udy and would
not gfte a snap of her finger to
have her name concealed, and that
so far as personal allusions are
j concerned she wrote the communi
canon wnen nut lew
peraons bad
signed the petition and therefore
no one who signed it. subsequently
has any right toapply to him or
herself what was said.
And further it may mitigate the
offense if offense there were to state
that at the time the said com
munication was penned by the
Iidy, that herhusband and two
uncles ha signed the petition and
she knew it. And the lady au
thorizes the editor to say she has
no retraction or apology to make
whatever, disclaiming any inten
tion of reflecting personally on any
one individual.
And we now say that on looking
over that communication we find
nothing to condemn, but much to
commend. -
News Kotrs.
The wife of George D Milton
suicided Wednesday morning at
Walla Walla, being found in an
irrigating ditch with flatirons tied
around her neck. Sickness and
despondency were the canst.
Mary Ellen Lease, the once great
populist orator, Is now an expan
sionist and believes in - swiping
everything that is loose at both
ends. She declares that Bryan is
a selfish demagogue and that she
would not make another speech for
him to save hi life; but then Mary
Ellen was always a little ertrava
gant in her use of the English
Bcrtlo Burkhart," son of Frank
Burkhart, stole 25 teet of garden
hose from Fred Dawson at Albany
a few days ago and sold it to a
merchant. He confessed to slash
ing the. Shirley company's ward
robe a night or two ago and one
morning stole Lyle PuiBhaw's bi
cycle and was About to sell it when
caught. The police undertook to
arrest him but be took leg ball and
decamped, lis is pretty badly
wanted and will be dealt with
when caught.
Tho Oregon volunteers now in
the Philippines ar not whining to
come home, but are anxiously
pushing to the front, ready to do
battlo for their country. .They ars
not the snivelling cowards that
some Oregon people would make
believe. They went to the Philip
pines toxflght for their country and
they have so far dona nobly and
they are willing to remain there as
long as this country has an, enemy
in the Islands, if need be. The
Oregon boy are all right bat they
are not scrambling to get cut of
the service until they csn be spared
or their places filled by regulars.
4U1T. j
Strange Aivlte to h Offerer'
Soldiers It Face of a Foe. --
Coanaairstttfa taTha Oraf
More than 10 days ago it was
annoanoed that General Otis
would begin the embarkation of
the ml a nicer at Manila for home
about the 6th of May, and that
they would all probably be at
home by the end of July. This
appeared to be official, and most
people considered that Ui oV the
end of the matter, acd stopped
the discussion of the fubjct, and
sat down to await the homecoming.
But since that date there has been'
an argument or suggestion made
every day in the papers of some
reason why the boys should be
retained in the Philipines. And
Governor Goer has triumphantly
announced that no more appli
cations for their return have been
made to him. Is this to prepare
theVpublic mind for some great
disappointment in store? Is some
new subterfuge to be found for
violating the contract with the
boys? A man writes, in your
paper today, that he has a boy
in the regular army, and would
have us understand that his boy
is as good as the volunteers, and
as dear to his - parents." This
probably i all true; but his boy
has a contract to perform with
the" government; onr boys have
not. The- government should re
spect its contract, just as it re
quires private individuals - to re
spect theirs. No one is asking that
man's boy be discharged against
his will before his time is out,
and it is not fair that he should
ask that our boys be retained
their will after their time is out.
I find there are two classes of
patriots in this country one is
of the Artemus Ward kind, willing
to Sacrifice all their wife's relations
and their neighbors' boys for the
good of the cause, while the other
class appear willing to sacrifice
even their own sons upon the
alter of partisan politics. They
are atraid ine administration will
be "scord"; most people, however,
think the administration ought to
be scored a little, without regard
to politics.
I imagine if some of these
people who are so anxious about
the honor of the regiment had
their boys in the Philipines they
would not be so afraid of seditious
mothers' meetings in the Armory.
There is nothing to prevent en
listment now; there ia a recruiting
office at Third and Stark streets,
and the boys in the Philipines
can re-enlist for six 'months and
get a bounty of $500 for so doing.
Let people appeal to their own
sons, instead of undertaking to
say what should be done with
other peoples' boys. The boys
in the war have well earned the
option to come home or stay. ' If
thsy refuse to re-enlist and claim
the bounty, will any one contend
that ' the government should retain
them by force, withoutrc-nlist-ment
andwithout bounty? The
strongest argument I have heard
against expansion is the fact that
not more than 7 percent of the
volunteers can be tempted by the
enormous bounty offered to remain
in the service. The "white man's
burden" is evidently not popular
with the boys who have been
there and known something about
it. No one has applied recently
to the governor I suppose for the
reason that people thought the
matter was all settled, or it might
be for the reason that he is said
to he quite artful in dodging
delegations who go to meet him
for that purpese.
II. B XirnoLAs.
It will be news to tho fathers
and mothers of soldiers ut the
front that they are sacrificing
them on the alter of partisanship.
Tho only reason we print this
most unpatriotic letter is in1 order
that those ' who are anxious to
go on record as urging our boys
to drop their guns and run away
have the oppoitunity. When the
volunteers are replaced by regulars
v. t r n
o iwu anu wvuiru vi. vrrgou
NO -62:?
wnt their retsseiat - lo cucmU
its rightful turrt. Ta-rfon
volunteers' . then(tJretCt.w4tX
coming home somwday, and their
gratitude" wnf hoP'fc) fcThos
who implABwd thesa" Co1v their
daly-whtU-a foreif v -) In
arms,. against their country's flag.
, Kev.E. A. Harris lala.
Chief of Police tf. a tee' W re
ceived a letter from Rev' l; H.
Appleyard, of lEainehin. & C,
stating that Rev. K. A". Harris.' tho
eloping Albany, minister, has
drifted op the cost.j9fbal blacw
and was living there: wfth Mies
Lear, whom he repreeentecf aV his
wife. Rev, Mr. Appleyard4 fetter
was written to ascertain IfShey
were married. Harris Is book
keeper for a mercantile, housa and
claims that he is divorced from his
wife in the East, which is not iru.
Chief Lee will write
Appleyard the facts.
to Rev: Mr.
A Stockton Tragedy.
A peculiar tragedy came to xaght
at Stockton, Cel., Monday -when
the bodies of Mrs William Hick
man and Mrs II A II assail, clasped '
in lovirg embrace, were foorid in a
room of a lodging-house a bullet
having ended' the life of tach.
Mra Hassall had been tnorbiArr irw
f.tun a.1 Mm Uu.Im.iI tw
some months, acd hut night Mrs
Haasail told Mrs Hickman that
she was going to start for Lottdosi
Tuesday, and begged Mrs fickmaxt
to spend the night with heft Xff
Hickman consented, and taf itU-'
lives becoming, alarmed1 ". tWf
. . t . M
n ., .WW. ' avwg-
ing-houss -and discovered lam
bodies. Mrs HarsaU had killed
Mrs Hickman and then herself.
Mrs Hassall cams frovft 1 London,
England, ' and called homlf a
duchess, claiming that her hwsband
is a duke. ' She became -so shadly
infatuated with Mrs Hickman that
her husband left-" her,' test the
couple were about to bo Meoskiled.
Mr Hassall is the chief ranger of
the Order of Foresters In Btosktou,
and is supposed to be well-to-do,
but he has been workimr in a
restaurant there for som time.
Medical men aro of the opinio u
that Mrs Hassall was insane;
Albert Speech. 3
Secretary Alger began hi Speech
ith a refers nee to the atrbKxdes
of the Pilgrim forefathers'" to se
cure "equal righto and 'religious
freedom to an," and ' alluojed to
the nerve deeds of the 'patriot?,
ancestors of the med of tho society
which furnished 'tonight's 'enter
tainment, but he soon' turned the
attention of his auditors ''to the
more recent war ' with ' Spain.
The secretary spoke at somlngth
of the trials of hi 'department
in equipping the great ' army so
hurriedlv,and expressed bis grati
ficatiou that ultimately "battles
were fought and ' victories ' won
without the loss of a gun. or a
prtlur " rViniiniiTn lift aaulr
"Supposing they had si' little
beef spoiled, what of it? . If they
had had no beef at all they would
have had more than General Joe
Wheeler and I had in tho' other
- 1' .... .
Lleht and Water Kate
. . &
The Eugen Guard reports that
the Lane county court having un
der consideration thA. matter of
lighting the hew court lte asd
supplying water from the' Eug
Elecllic Light company, said tho
Eugene Water oompapy ' eotered
into a contract wDh each of said
companies as , follows: .V to"
gene Electric Light company is to
furnish the county Jight for tho
court house by meter, oeric for
the term of five yearsj .for which
the county fs to pay sI(J yClectrio
Light company at fhersif ef thrco
fifths of a cent rjer.hvaf fur oarh
16 candle power .Jighjj,', "Tr laid
Eugene' Vkt ...cpmparjx
furnish Vatef for said bufjedng for
the term of fire yearww sneter
Jservleo, for which thtfowowsy is to
I taf Mia WsAM cBSSsaSMraai the
rate of 20 csnts pac us1t)ousnd
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