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About Broad-axe. (Eugene, Lane County, Or.) 189?-19?? | View This Issue
I THE BROAD'AXE,
T Gaaa t la Oal.R RT Uak. X
'HEW TO TBS LIHS, LET THI CBIM FALL WHIM THtY NAT.
EUGENE, LANE COUNTY, ORE. WEDNESDAY, MAY 3, 1899.
VOLCMK OF MOMKV,
In the study of monsy, we are
pi to give all our etlantion to
the volume of money, and to over
look tli importance of the money
rieoee. It i not the volume, but
the pieces, that do the business.
There it a correspondence between
the volurao of tnoney and tho
average of price. 1'be volume of
money may be increased, or de
creased, withoet affecting business.
There ia an equilibrium between
the number of money piece and
the number of exchangee. This
equilibrium i governed by a nat
ural law. We cannot disturb the
equilibrium without disturbing
Tbeae facta may be readily il
lustrated. If we ran eichange one
bushel of wheat tor two buahela
of corn, and two buahela of wheat
for one sheep, we may take any
one of these aa the atandard, and
express their relative valuta ac
Corn aa the standard:
Om Baikal M car will ha ptin- !
Oaaj aaaaal i kMt W ba rta .1
Vh iiiwr UI t hm4 u .........
Now if A telle corn to buy one
sheep, he roust aell four bushels
If I) sells wheat to buy one
aheep, he must aell two bushelcs
of wheat at 1214.
A and It will require a total of
$3 to effect these two exchanges.
That is the . volume of money
necouary for theae - tranaactjona.
Wheat a the standard:
Om aaaaal .1 knl wlU b prlMd II . II 00
Oaa aaaaal af ear a arlU aa ptttmt at 10
Oat mUl aa flaa4 at 3 0
Nov, if A aell corn to buy one
hee, he roust aell four bushels
at 50 cents 13.
If II sella wheat to buy one
aheep, he must sail two bushels
A and 0 will require a total of
$4 to effect theae two exchange.
That ia the volume of money
neorssary for theee transactions.
Sheep aa theaUndard:
Ona aa.ap wlUaaartcaJ at ......... 1 tt
OaabaibalatvaaataUlba Brtaa4 at M
Oaa batbal af earn will b. artcwl at ' M
Now, if A sella corn to buy one
aheep, he must sell four bushels
at 25 cents 11.
If II sella wheat to buy aheep,
he must-aell two bushels at 50
A and I) will require a total of
12 to affect those two exchanges.
inai ia ma volume oi money!
neoeaaary for these transaction.
The basis of all exchange it
their relative valuea. An exchange
is road between thinit of equal
In the three foregoing example
the relative , value are the same.
Consequently A must constantly
" aell four bushel of oorn to buy
oo aheep, and B must constantly
all two bushel of wheat to buy
on aheep. The exchange in the
three example are the same. V
can change pricea, because theae
r only term to express relative
Talue they are merely .name of
oi value. Our volume of money
fall from eight dollar to
two dollar and our prices fall
Had wo repreeented the valu of
on bushel of corn by on cent,
then that of a bushel of wheat
would have been repreeented by
' two cent, and that' of a (heep by
four cent. In this case A and
B would require a total of eight
oent to buy one sheep apiece.
Bo far a exchange ar conoerned
price are immaterial.
But in these transaction there
ia a physical fact that is indis
pensableone that w cannot
change without affecting the ex
changes, and that is th number
of money piece.
If A may sell liia four bushel
of oorn separately he will require
four picoo of money, whother his
corn is priced at one cent or on
If B may sell hi two bushel of
wheat separately ha will require
two piece of money, whether hie
wheat it priced at two dollar or
The tlx piece of money are a
physical necessity, if A and B may
Physics of Money.
grain by th bushel
If there is only one piece of
money to represent A' four bushel
of corn, then he must aell his
four buahela in a lump. If there
ia only ' on piece of money to
represent B's two bushel of whiat,
then he must sell them in a lump.
It tho re is only on piece of
money to represent A' and B's
grain, be it eight dollar or eight
rent, then both men must act
jointly and lump tbelr grain in
With aix piece ot money there
were six poeaible sales; with one
piece of money, be it eight dollar
or eight cents, there can be but
It i clear that th number of
money piece is independent of the
volume of money, and that it is
governed by the number of poe
sible exchangee. The number of
exchange fixe th number of
money pieces, and if the money
piece do not com op to this
required number, then the number
of pueaible exchange is forcible
reduced. In other words, the
number of actual exchangee must
be less than the number. of poaaible
exchanges, if there ia a relative
ecarcitjpf money piecee.
Vermont's Prohibitory Law.
The people of Vermont seem
pretty well .atified with the work
ings of their prohibitory, law. It
has stood the teat of forlvseven
years, and the deputy sec rets ry
of state, who for forty year ha
been sergeant-alarm of the legis
lator, i reported aaying that
"there is about much likelihood
of th legislature repealing that
law aa thore ia of their passing
a law to hang themselves." There
ax only thirty-five police officers
in th entire state, not an open
gambling keure, and but two
known boose of ill-fame. Th
total expense ofaI jail of the
tut for 1893 wa Us than 111,
600, and Irs than 1123,000 wa
paid for all court expenses includ
ing jails, sheriff., criminal proae
cutions, clerks, attorneys, judges,
etc. The fines and coals collected
in - prosecuting Violater of the
prohibitory law have paid all ex
penses of persecution and returned
about 1230,000 into the stat treas
ury besides. The increase in popu
lation sine prohibition went into
effect, ha been aix per ctnt
Twenty -nine out of every Brie
hundred inhabitants of Vermont
have account in saving bank
tnor than on out of vry
family. In all th cities of th
weatern half of the tat where
illicit liquor i id to be most
plentiful, there ia not a place where
a stranger can got liquor without
restoring to atrategy, except at 8t,
Albans, and there one must make
diligent inquiry, for the bar are
all hidden in back room upstair.
Theae are a- fe w of the facta
gathered by a New Voice reporter
which prohibition worker will do
well to "make a not on." Union
Hickaru on the Iowa.
San Francisoo, April 25. Near
ly half th crew of th battleship
Iowa ar on th ick list, and th
men ar loudly protesting. All of
them aeem to hava more or less
malaria, and they ar clamoring
for th removal of th battleship to
better quarter. The battleship
Iowa ia now lying off th Union
iron works, and th stench from
the sewer which empty in trr bay
in th neighborhood is Mid to be
th cause of th aicknes on th
Mis Helen Gould ha been pro
sented with an album containing
th autograph of tnor than four
thousand soldiers and sailor., a a
mark of appreciation ot bar services
auing th let war. In name
of Major-General Shatter and
Colonel Theodora Roosevelt appear
on the first page, with a suitable
Rebels Mad a Brief Mtand
Manila, April 26. General Mac
Arthur ha annihilated Agoiaaldo
Th insurgent made a brief
stand against 6000 Americans, and
then fled to the hills. Th Amer
icans loat eight killed.
Tho capture of Calumpit gives
the American strategic control of
the north hslf of Luton, and U th
final blow to th hope of th rebel
leader and th insurgent republic
General Lawton today loat com
munication with General MacAr
thur, and now has to cover eight
milee by courier. The a'gnal corps
is trying to establish telegraphic
communication again. .
General Lawton is now near
THX MARCH TO CAICHTIT.
Manila, April 25, 10:30 P. M.
General MaeArthur' division
fought it way io th Filipino
trenches before Calumpit today,
advancing four mile, . mostly
through wood and jungles, and
croaaiog the Bagbag river. This
wa accomplished at a coat to th
American of six killed and 28
wounded, the First South Dakota
regiment being the heaviest loaer.
After fording the river, the South
Dakota ni pursued th insurgent
to the oultkirt of the -cite- of
Calumpit, but that town wa found
to be to itrongly protected that
MaeArthur deemed it beat to with
draw the tired fighter and go into
camp for a night' roet before
making the final aaaault.
REBELS rial TM T0WX.
Th largeVt buildings in Cal
umpit war being fired by the
Filipino while the Americana war
r totem a the river, .fully a mile
way, showing th'nemy' in
tention to abandon th village.
Th Filipino have adopted a
settled policy of retiring from on
position - after another, inflicting
the greatest poaaible damage upon
the advancing arm v. Th force
today were well drilled. Every
foot of the ground wa Unacioutly
disputed by th thoroughly or
ganised troops, who stood remark
ably firm even before artillery fir.
Tfc enemy had planned t&tVreck
our artillery transport train. This
attempt waa a failure, but a span
of the iron bridge across th river
was destroyed, hampering the
American transportation for om
Urn. Th Filipino cut th gird
r, intending to have th structur
fall with th train, but it ollapeed
prematurely of iu own weight.
The Bagbag river, which is about
100 yard wide at that place, wa
splendidly fortified, and th Amer
ican were compelled to approach
an open place, from which the
rebels had cleared off every ob
struction to th sight. Th bank
of th river, a high bluff, wer sur
mounted with trenches, capped
with rock, loopholed and partly
hidden by brshea.
General Whetiton' brigtd ap
proached th river along th rail
road, leaving th camp .beyond
Malolo city. General Hal' di-
viaion, which darted yesterday,
wa earlier on th march, and,
weeping westward toward th rail
road. Th armored train waa be
In, puthad - by Chinamen, the
Twentieth Kanaar regiment ad'
vancing on th left, and th Eirst
Montana regiment, with th Utah
light artillery, on th right.
BATTL 0 THE BJVK1.
Th rapid-fir gun on th train
"opened the ball" at 11:30 A. M.,
about a mil from' th river, their
popping alternating continuously
with the boom of th ts-pounder.
The Montana regiment and th
Utah battery at th earn tiro
entered th jungle, from which th
Insurgents, who wer occupying a
large, draggling viUge of huts,
poured heavy vol ley a.
in th coura of an boar th
troop hud forced a wav to th
open spac in front ot th river,
nd the artillery, immediately up
on wheeling Into the open, began
helling th Filipino tranche.
BRILLIANT CHARGE or K A ROARS.
In theK' meantime, company K.J
Twentieth Kansas, led by CapUin
Belt wood, performed one of th
most brilliant achievement of
the campaign. Tha regiment wa
being held in reserve, end company
K. charged a dislano of a quarter
of a ix.il over a corner of th
field to th bank of tho river near
th bridge, wher th insargenUt
from a trench, wer ' peppering
th armored train, thtt about 200
yard down th track. ' Th com
pany found shelter in a ditch.
Colonel Fred Funttoc called for
volunteers to cross the. river, aadj
th colonel himself.; Lieutenant
Ball, a privet of company 1C, a
private of company E, Trumpeter
Barsfield and Corporal Ferguson,
of company . I, crawled along the
iron girder. While this was going
on llie men of compsny K, from
the ditch, wer fusillading ,tb
trenche in th ndeavor to divert
attention, but' th Filipino got
th range from a trench dowo,
and bullet aoon (pattered the
waUr under th struature.
Having reached th broken spsn,
the small but valerou party of
American lid down th caiasan
swam a law yard to the shore,
and crawled up th bank, the
LitU colonel leading the way to
th trenches, revolver, in hand,
while the few remaining Filipino
Colonel Funeton said afterward:
"It wa not much to do; w knew
they. could not ihoot straight, and
our boy could attend to them
while we wer rroaaing.
HARD riOHTWO OT HALT' TROOPS.
General Hale' troop, on th
right, had th hardest fighting
They followed the north bank of
the river neareet th town from th
left, with the First Nebraka on the
left and First South Dakota and
Fifty-first Iowa beyond. The
country they traveled waa mostly
jungl, but th y Filipino atood
Lhatr ground, stenia lb open spaa
WHO IS TO BLAME.
Careless Haadllag of th MalU
' Complained of.
A subscriber to th Review in
tho Siuilaw Valley write that
paper as follows:
Alene, Or. Apr. 17, 1899.
Editor Review, Roeeburg, Or:
Dear Sir: I hava not received
the Review regular aino (he be
ginning of this year, and about
one-aixth of the paper never reach
here at all. If there ia any way to
find out what become of th paper
and to rectify th wrong that is
beiog practiced by persona hand
ung mail aown this way, I am
willing to lend a haloing hand.
Last Monday's and Thursday 'a
papers should have reached the
Alene puatoffiea Saturdays end
nithr of them came and that ia a
euro sign that th Monday' paper
will never get through.
' The editor of the Review thus
replie to th abov :
W hav investigated thie mat
ter and ar poailiy that all th
name' and addresses of all our
subscriber at Alene, Ads, Flor
ence and other Siuslaw Valley
office ar set up . plainly and
correctly on our mailing gallevs
and know beyond a doubt that the
paper ar mailed regularly from
this office each Mondayand Thurs
day. Wher doe th blam for
their nondelivery to Subscribers lie?
W shall try to locate it.)
Th abov taken from . the Rose
burg Review is precisely th case
with thi office. Hardly a week
pasee that w do not have jut
such complaint from om of our
subscribers in different parts of th
country. Strang w do not hear
similar complaint from republi
can organ. Republican postmas
ters, look out. ,
Col Robert G Ingarsol). delivered.
an addres a ahort time ago at Um
funeral of Mrs Mary J Bowman la
Kansas City. Col Ingersoll la an
old friend ot th family, and in
hia address said: "I first met th
lady who now lie befor as asleep,
nearly half a century ago. Then
w were both young and poor, with
nothing but youth and hope to
tart on. Somehow, somewhere I
feel that I shall meet her again."
Th British tobacco trad era-
ploy today 121 women to vry
FUR Cq POISOIED.
That th onti.w party that left
Beasid April 7 on a limber cruiser
arc dead ia an assured fact, aa the
bodies of thre hav already been
found and aearch ia still in pro
gress for th fourth, who waa th
oldest and waakt member of th
As soon as f H Doty's bodr was
found saW aaweght Into Beaslds
last Saturday afurnoon, Louis
Chance, known aa "Indian Looia"
and John Bourk were engaged to
start out in search of the remain
der of the party who con tit ted of
P R Heikamann a civil engineer
of A tori; W T Radir, a timber
locater ot Portland, and A J
Cloutrie of Seasid, who accompan
ied th partv aa a goid, aa L was
thoroughly familiar with that op
tion of th country.
, Tuesday afternoon "Indian
Louie" returned with th informa
tion that they had found th dead
bodies of Heikntann and Radir at
th foot of 8ugar Loaf mountain,
om diaUnc apart, and about
thre mile from wher Doty' body
wa found. "Indian Loui" re
turned to 5v th new while
Burk continued the search for
the bodr of Cloutri. Accordinc
to Information received, there were
no mark of violence on the bodies,
apd the cauae of their death can at
the present time only be surmised,
but it is generally auppoeed that it
was the result of eaticg poisoned
canned meat or vegetables.
April 24, 1899.
Editor Broad-Axe :
I am back her on th bay again.
The run of barring has been vary
light. There sr a few sturgeon in
the bay but I hav not heard of
any being caught as yet.
The steamer Marguerite is ready
for traffic on th river. She will
start the first of ths month, and
then the pleaaur and homeseekers
can be assured of plenty of ac
commodation by th polite Captain
There has been a aubaoription
paper circulated her to get day
work subscribed to complete the
Glens da and Wildcat wagon road
There were about 100 daya sub
scribed her in Glensda. Those
acquainted Iwlth the road think
600 day work will com pie W the
road through to Wildcat. There
ia also a petition with thla sub
scription whicL will be presented
V the county court of Dongla
county asking for an appropriation
of $600. 'Th county promised to
giv f 1.25 for each day work don
on th road on opening it. Part
ot this road is in Douglas county
and tha remainder in Lane county.
When this road is completed
pleaaur aeeker can driv from
th valley to th ocean beach with
out any transferring and when
lhy get her they will find plenty
of onry, graas, wood, fresh water
and clam and all fro.
There were religion eervice her
at Glenad laat tSuoday by th Rev
Mr Buekman of th Methodist
church. Ha will preach bar one
a month until th meeting of con
ference, after which a regular
circuit rider will be appointed. .
! as by th Broad-Ax that th
garden oi th Pscifio coast is likely
to b frot bitten. Whil down
hare, we hava rain, hail and froet,'
all in tha same night, and than
wind enough id nxi uay to diow
th garden out of th ground, andj
then the " following day tha wind
will change from the other quarter,
and blow th garden all back
Regret are vrin for evil deeds,
Eaeh one eliould help a brotker'a need
Aft aheald anile la brotherly band,
ateadlna Area for Justice la land '
Or etsrv or rot I danavo cell-
It ene deelrv a linns, hell. -
H Sf KJalstoej.
It is said that the mayor of
Chicago receive a salary of 1 20,-000ayer.
Baraed at A Stake. jhi chain. A tho flam crept
I higher sd tho amok enter! l
Newman, G., April 23. Ia the y and mow tfc. Hoe pot tb
preienc of nearly 2000 people, stum pa of his hand to tho tro
who sent aloft yalls of ds&aacojUck wf him. and with a torritU
and shoal of joy, 8am Ho, a plang arrerwd tho upper portkra
necro who committed two of th !T tho ohaiae) which bound hint to
basest act kaown ia tho history
of erimo, wao burned at tho (take
in a public road on and a half
miles from here, thi afternoon.
Mrs. Cranford's mother and
sisters sr resident of Nwman.
Th crowd headed in th direction
of Lheir bouse. Th necro was
marched in the gala, and Mr.
Elroy was called to tho front door.
Sh at ones indentified Hoar, and
her verdict waa agreed to' by her
"To th stoker waa again ths
cry. Several men wanted to bustr
him In Mrs." Elroy yard. To
thi th objected trnuouly, and
tha mob, complying with her
wishes, started for Palmetto. Juet
as they were leaving- Newman,
word wa brought that th 1 o'clock
train from Atlanta waa bringing
people to Palametto. Thia wa
thought to be a regiment of milita,
and th mob at once decided to
burn tho prisoner at th first favor
able place, rather than bo com
pelled to shoot him . when th
militia put in an appearance. -
The crowd, . now numbering
nearly 1500, hurried along the
roadway. A line of buggies and
vehicle of al L ki nds, thei rd ri vers
fighting for position in line, fol
lowed the procession, at the bed
of which, closely guarded, marched.
the negro. One and half milea
out of Newman, a halt waa made.
A little to the aid of a road was
a strong pin tree, and up to this
th negro waa marched,' bis back
placed to th tree, and bis face
to the crowd, which jostled loly
about him. Hare for th first
time b waa allowed to talk. He
"I am Sam Hose; I killed Alfred
Cranford, but I was paid to do it
Lige Strickland, th negro preacher
at Palmetto, gav me $12 to kill
At thi aroar .went ap from
th mob. Th intelligence impart
ed by Hoaa waa spread among
"Let him go oa; toll all you
know about it," came from the
mob. The negro, shivering like a
leaf, continued hia recital.
I did not outrage lira. Cran
ford. Somebody els did that I
can identify them. Give aas time
The mob would bear ao more.
Th clothes war torn from the
wretch in aa instant A heavy
chain waa produced and. wound
around the naked body of toe
terrified negro, and clasped by a
lock at hia neck. He said, not
word at thia proceeding, but
moment later, at the sight of half
a doxen knivea flashing in tbe
hand of member of the mob, h
sent up a blood-curdling yell,
cur to nxcxa, tbbm borrbo.
In another moment, a hand
grasping a knifs shot out and one
nf th negro' ears dropped into the
hand of another. Hue . pleaded
for mercy, and beceed hia tor-
in en tore to kill him quickly. HI
cries went unheeded. Hi other
ear waa cut off with barbarous
fremy. . Then hia fingers, on by
on, ware severed from his hands
and passed among the members of
the yelling and now thoroughly
maddened crowd. The shrieking
negro was quickly deprived of
other portions of his anatomy.
"Come on with the oil," now
eried aom on, and almost in
stantly a hug can of kerosene waa
produced and placed at the foot of
the tree, where the negro, hia body
covered with blood from bead to
foot, waa struggling with hi
chaina. Th kerosene waa lifted
over the negro's bead by three or
four men and its contents poured
over him. By this tints a good
supply of brush, pieces of fence
rail and other firewood were placed
at the negro's feet
This pyre was thoroughly sat
urated and a match spjdied. A
flame ahot upward and spread
quickly over the pile of wood. At
it licked toe negro s legs, h
fhrieked ooce snd began tugging at
tk area. Hia bed, held to tho
tree oely ao far aa the thighs,
lunged furwsrd, thus escaping the
flame which roared and crackled
about hie feet One of the men
nearest th burning negro quickly
ran up, and, poshing htm back.
aid : "Get into th fir there," and
quickly. jotrupUd the disjointed
' The mad fWr a distance of half a
mile oa each aide of the burning
negro waa black with conveyance,
and was simply Impassable. The
crowd surrounded the staks on all
aides,- but none of those nearer
than 100 feet of the center were
able to e what waa going on.
Yell after yell went up, and the
progrco of the flames waa eota
munieated to those in tho rear by
thou la from th eye-witoisss.
The torch was applied about
2:80, aad at t o'clock th body of
Sam Hose waa limp and lifeless,
his head hanging to one aide. The
body was out to pieces. Th crowd
fought' for placee about tho
smouldering tree, and with knives .
secured om piecee ot hia carcass
did not fall to pieces. The'
chain waa aevered by hammers.
the tree was chopped down and
such pieces of firewood aa had not
burned were carried away aa
Harris aad Kdaa Lear
("Rev") S A Harria who eloped
with Edna Lear from Albany sev
eral weeks ago continues to prove
himself a very cute kind of a man.
It was thought that whea Mrs
John Lear aad her daughter oailed
from Victoria en the Danube for
Skagway to join Mr Lear the. the
affair wa ended, bat not ao. Th
story continues more thrilling than
ever. It will be remembered that
the wily minister and the girl were
allowed a conference alone of half
an hour. That did the bualnese.
The steamer did not sail from
Victoria for two hours and ' that
gave Harris Um to set on board.
The Victoria Times telle tho rest:
' Just how it waa arranged ia not
very clear, but it is hinted that the
girl engaged her mother and tho
chief ia a close coo tat, while her
lover approached the steamer ia a
rowboat and Boarded her froaa the
opposite aidej Thia don ho lest
no timo ia stowing himself away
out of sight, and did not show him-'
self until th steamer had got too
far out to aea on her way ap the
ooast to put b-ck. Then b eooly
walked out eat' ths deck and meet
ing tha girl ther wsa a display of
affection that almost took away
the breath of the mother.
- Purser Bishop warned the man
that he wa now on a British ship
and told the mother if they suffered
any annoyance he would have
Harria put in irona, or word to
that effect Later oa whs tho
purmr cam to collect the fares he
found Harris had only $ and
told him he would be put off at
the first landing place. Aa , the
steamer was not calling at NanaU
mo this meant that Harria would be
given a free ride ot 250 miles . to
Alert Bay. '
Whea the Danube reached
Alert Bay Harriv was put off but"
what war the feelings of, 0e-'-mother
when she discoveied her
dsughter had also gone ashore?
Nothing would iatafaee her to re
turn a board arf th Danube
sailed again oo her voyage to
Skagwav. It , is supposed thai
Harria who ia undoubtedly a eWfar
man in many wajs has ateured
work from 8 A Spencer at Alert
Bay. At all event the rnnaway
couple ar agaia united and happy.
. Boss Croker ot Tammany Hall
haa taken another trip to "Urap"
sine that investigation Into hia
met beds haa mad the atmosphere
so warm fur hia la Ntw Yerk.
Moat pertpk wish that ho may