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About Broad-axe. (Eugene, Lane County, Or.) 189?-19?? | View This Issue
"M Millie,., j" 17
(V "IIKW TO TIIK LINK fiKT TIIK CIMI'N KAIL WlfKltK TIIKV MAY."
KUdKNK. LANK COUNTY, OKKOON. TIIUiSDAY, MAY 11, 18.
; t. raort... .-Aran.
: THE BROAD-AXE,
t B7ewe ta lha Llaa Bvery Tlaaa.
1 THE BROAD-AXE,
T, ' float t Ik ulrk tlrr Mrs.
I'hysicijfi iirul Surt-oii
III lt ivarUI allruUxli I" all rhreuln dls
aw., anil uiui.rMc,all) tu til. I'uliaili lend.
inline nvr city ilriig.ui a
Y kUYkl NDAI I., M. I).
I'liysici.m an J Surooii
H..UI lUullmi suitrrr aud .urgli al dla
inline lu I'hrlauieii bl.a-k.
J f Vol aa
glLVLU & YOUNf
ORIra ei.i Mi. I National Mauk
l'l do a i.n.ral taa rariic in all Ui.eoaria
at th. .uir
I W KlBtaV N. I. NilllJI
JINSLV & MARkl.hY
AtturiH'ys at Law
l otnaoirla: aad mt.t baalnaaa a (arriall'.
OXIl. lu ( hlUn.il Uora
Kums 1 and t Pint National aUti.
F. AMIS l. .
Attorney at Lav...Not.iry
m atn'luuf bulldln. up alalia
at Oif M.
MONEY TO LOAN!
ON IMPROVED FARMS
ruH a traM or vkm
BlifRWOOO BURR. Eugene. Or
WAITED -IK IDEA :r..7
r-lvalf ll.lKi v..ur l'laa. Ibf may hf-iia
T" aaallh. film JolIK HSIl(llHI KM
t n r.i.'it Allorn.ta, Vtahlnlua, t t , lur
ISalr iw arlia i.a.r
SEE THE NEW STOCK
DAY & HENDERSON'S.
Yonr Attention is Called to
READY MADE CLOTHING.
W ar also prepared to Stake vour meaaur for a Pnlt mad to order.
lit guaranteed. BKK OI K LAKGE LINK OF SAMPl.hi.
HOWE & RICE
Special Call for a Fariers' Meetiiiff
There hav bean rumor recently set afloat that certain traaaac
tlons hav taken fttaoa, which vary much affecU th whole farming
community of Ine oonhty, and aa a re alt a haatv Investigation of
thsasm was ma t by a Committe ot One Hundred Farmer en last
fiatmday, and so atari ling waa th effect of their work, that they deem
It but proner that a publio meeting of all the Farmer of tan county
hould b called to aaaembl at W. 8ANPF.RS Store in F.ngena at
the earliest possible date, to ronflrm the fart, that ha is sailing his
entire stork ot Clothing, BooU, Shoe and Drv lloode cbapr thaa
any merchant In Kngo, and the Farmer ot Ijtna county ehould
take advantag ot th aam while th opportunity I ofiered. II 1M.
TkrM Doers Mertfe if Hoffon Hibsi, VlllinitU Strut -
Wlllimtttt it , let. 7tk in. Ilk. Iu.ioi, Or.
All Kindt of Brad, CekeB. PI
Always on Hand.
Mrala In jiii IB to L'li rant, Scent
lunch counter la cumiM'tlun.
Onliiri receive prompt aVttaittion.
The patronage o( tli public reaperl-
W. 0. ZEIGLER.
A full ftiipply nt rfpf? Iblng Ibal U Wrpi In a
Dritf M wiabllahmtfii kaM hrr. aa He4f,
Muliia, fori mmi t.. liirb tew 111 a
Mt aa taa bv ari4 la lha taJl,-
FARMERS AND STOCKMEN
Ha la fat Cattia, H.-sr. ant ah-
ll by riu4lit ua iaiira vumg
Pt.t uit lliaaiaiia Mr', Tuvug
H" MmU drUrad l an) part M
Loan and Savings Bank
V lr fnl.trul
W I. BKOW N
. r. . uniit. n
P. A. I'aine,
J. K. Davie.
J. H. Harris.
. H. D. I'aine.
J. K. Kobinso,
W. K. Brown.
PAID UP CAPITAL, $60,000.00
A General Hanking Matimaa Trans
acts). InU-rest allol on time ila
poaiU. 11'rlie.t Caah Kates I'sid for
I'ity and County Warrants.
Chairs and Rugs
U pholstery Goods.. . .
Oor Large and Complete Line
of One Hundred"
Principal Cause of Financial
. . .v
THK ORKilM OK OCR UOKKY
l'..la Tra44 far liold aad Nll.ar Ha
fura II Wh Mada lata Moaaa
alaa of Mvaajr.
Br f. r. Mayrr.
To fluotoatlon of gold or nxmey li
lha principal oaoaa of our financial and
oouomtcal trcrablna; moat of tba other
apparent caoae art) oulr the effect of
it. and will oeaaa a th fluctuation of
tbe value of money onaae
Th object of thl. article ii to
damonatnita ucb floctoatiooa.
A. moat people har a wrong onnoep
tlou of money, 1 will eiplaln matter
Brat with other ootnmoditio.
Huppoae w have 1 box of op In
100- una pound ban, 10 Lnahela of
wheat, 100 punnd of oottoo.
Kach article eual in vain of th
other (. If
(. If we eipreed th vain of
oottoo in p, w would
On buabel of wheat I worth tea
oue pouud ban'of oap; on pound
of oottoo ! worth one one-pound bar
If th ilu of aoap He 100 per
or-nt, then It will take half a much
aoap to bur the aam amount of wheat
or rot ton. Yon would eipreaa tbe
Ta'u of wheal and oottoo in aoap:
One buahel of wheat la worth fle one
pound bar of np; one pound of oot
ton I worth half of one-pound bar of
And tf anyone had oontracted to
f am tan a boi of aoap at future time
and th aoap went op 100 per oant, be
would bar to forniah double th quan
tified of oottoo, wheat, and other oom
module for it
A box of aoap in one pound or half
pound bar may ooat a little more than
if th snap war in ton pound bar, be
oaaa it ooaU more to pre into email
pleoea. but it would not add to it Tain
for waablng porpoeea.
Ten one-pound bar have no mora
value than one ten-pound bar; conae-i
qoently, 'If i x press the value of j
wheat or oottou .n aoap th quantity
of aoap. oot th number of piece. U
tbe measure. .
Uri,la ( M....
It Is evident that people traded for
gold or eilver before it waa made into
bilver and gold are preotowa aaatala.
are not changeable, don't mat, nor de
cay, consequent; they were very much
Bought f jr the purpose of hoarding.
Undoubtedly other metal oompoai
tion were worked on aa gold or silver
on ooofldlng and ignorant people. Tbe
endless number of oom position, which
look like gold or silver, ar tbe beat
evidence of this, and who doe not
know today of oounterfeit money or
bogua gold brick scheme?
Furthermore the welghu for gold or
silver (in former times especially) in
nearly all countries, differ from the
weigbu oommonly need for other
commodities, and the average of tbe
people are not conversant with it
Lven our own troy weigbu are evi-
donco of former cheating: one pound
of troy ia smaller than on pound of
avoirdupois, one pound of troy bss
twelve oonoea, one pound avoirdupois
has stiten ounoea, one ounce of troy le
smaller than one ounce avoirdupois.
do the men who traded for a pound
of ailver or gold, and thought that he
got a pound oi avoirdupois, found Dim-
elf widely miaUken.
Evidently in order to protect the peo -
pin. the governmenU made pieces of
gold and ailver, of oerUln sixes oon
veulent for trade, and thu trade was
faciliuted; just like the aoap in on-
pound bar la more oonvenient to trade
Itb than when out up in ten-pound
bars, just so is th trad in silver and
gold; it la more oonvenient in ooin
than if in bar of gold or silver which
had to be out op in order to trade. '
Th valu of a ooin 1 in tha gold or
silver which it oonuios, and th being
in th ooin doea not prevent th gold or
liver from being a commodity and sub
ject to fluctuation aocordlng to th de
mand for it
Though in either eaee ia th value
nbanoed, in tbe one-pound bar ot the
soap or tha silver or gold in tha ooin;
whoever trade for th silver or gold
it oontaln. no matter what th gov
ernment sump on the money la, tbe
tamp only guarantee that tha ooin
oonuios as much meUl ai the law re
Probably hundred of reader want
to oontradiot ma right here, and say
that our 60-oeot ailver dollar pease for
its face valu everywhere.
-1 oannot go Into any lengthy diabui
ton on tha mbjeot right here, but tha
faota ar a soon a 171 14 grain of ail
Tar with 10 per cent oopper are ooined
into a dollar, it la a legal tender for all
debu; it ta tha atandard dollar of th
United SUtea of America and has to
b taken as nob in th United Bute;
but tf yon go with an American and
Mexioan ailver dollar to oountry
which commercially is not in olose oon
neotion with tha United Bute, you
will buy mora with th Mexiosn dollsr
than with th American dollar because
th former ooouins mora ailver.
Going back to th argument, I will
compare a number ot oommoditie
with gold; wa will aasam th follow
ing arttolea ar interchangeable for
a oh other: to bethel of wheat, t
onnoe of gold, 16 ounoea ot silver, 100
ounoa ox goia, i o ouooe oi diver, sou
pounds of ootton. 80 pounds of want.
40 pounds ot butter, 8 sheep, 300
pound ot mgar.
now ii you war to sxpreaa tne value
of those oommoditie In arold. von
would ssy thtt saoh respective quantity
of tboa oommoditi wr WfirtU one
oodo of gold; if yr ooin one ouu' of
gold Into 920 aad dirld each dollar
into a hundred oaoU. then yi would
aay tn prloei of goodi were: 1 bu.hel I
of wheat, 1; I on no of allrer. 1 2S;
I pound of wool, II oeau; j pound of
butter, 60j oant; I nep U50; I
pound of oottoo, 10 onu, 1' pound of
ugar, 10 oant.
But If gold wnt op loo pi-r o;nt in :
ralue, it would tak d'mble the quau-
tity good to boy tn aame quantity of
gold, or half of th quantity of gold to
obtain tb Mm quantity of good and
wber before it took one ounce of gold,
or $20, it now take one half ounce of
gold or I0, and than the prior of theae
uooDmuame win iwu uuanei oi
wheat, 60 oeoU; 1 ounce of il-r, 2 (
oanu; 1 pound of wool, 13', ornu; I
pound of butter. IS oenu;
41. 15; I pound of oottoo, &
pound of eugar, 5 eanta.
No on can fall to a that iiw this
oaa tb fartatioa of price la not
cauaed by th fluctuation tn th value
of tb good, bat by the fluctuation of j
tb vain of gold or of money.
Tb party which bad the gold baa
th profit, b oan bay twice much
for hi 120 a formerly, and if a party
had protntaed to pay be bai to
furniah twio aa mncbvoomuoditiFi for
it bia obligation ar doubled.
Today aa onnoa of gold or exactly
30 87, buy mora than twice aa much
commodities a before the dfinouetiia
tion of eilver in 178, but an ounce of
silver boy a much as ever, thi-rfore
it la th rise of th value of gold which
produced low prior, and not an over
production of ootnmoditiea.
For tb aaka of argument, I have aa
sumed aveo figure for the prices; I
will aontinn that in the following de
monstration, and assume that gold bad
evenly doubled it former value in re
gard to silver and oommodttiea. '
In Alia, Booth America and Mexico
eilver 1 need a a money sundard; they
rnnux au aiuu ui w-mujunc. uir ;
W'tda v. k i x, . i. a J
If one buabel ot wheat cost here 50
. . If" 'i ?" 7 .
wheat would be worth 8. 1 1. grains of
liver, or 91 in silver.
NAM. Iff anM MM n n A .va . Man. ,m 1
I II LI.J. ... A . . I
valu then il will Uke 4 per cent less ',
gold to buy tb wheat, and
in gold would drop to 41
(bushel; in a silver-rtaudiird country it
still would b 91 In silver. But if
wheat would ad ranee from 50 Oenu 1
per cent in value, then the price would
be here 61 oenta per bushel, and in a
' eilver-standsrd oountry 91 02. Though
: if at the same time as the wheat ad-
a nr nl fk ,M wrmM ait.
vance 4 per eent in value, tbe price in
gold sUndard countries would drop 2
j cents. Chat is from 61 oeoU to 49 oenu,
' wMle In si Waa atAadard cowntriea the
, prioe would advanoa. t oenta or be
I A man in a silver sUndsrd oountry
needs 1 per oeot leas producu to pay
1 off bis debu, we need 2 per cent more
! products to iy our debt. This shows
that th prioe of an article doea not
represent ita value,
I will now demonstrate how, v
the price of silver, the prioe of
other commodities are controlled.
For the aak of argument we will
say that one buabel of wheat ooat there
one ounce ot silver or ft. 30 in silver
money. The eilver i quoted at 70
oenu per onnoe You can buy a bushel
ot wheat for 70 eentt; if ailver is quoted
at 00 oanU you can buy that wheat for
60 oenu. That rule applie to all other
a oop per. lead, sine.
sugar, oottoo, meat, hide, etc Con-
aequently every producer, or in fact
' everybody, ii lntereated in the prices
The Rothschilds in London quote tbe
'price of silver as they nlease. oonse-
! queutly they regoute the prioe of all
commodities in tbe world as ther
Whether a crop ha been short or
bountiful hss nothing to do with the
prices The ria and fall in prioea is
mostly in according to th fluctuation!
in gold, leae in tbe fluctuation ot value
in commodities oauaed by under or
The fluctuation in gold can be no-
tioed tl quickest In the change ot the
prioe of silver; for Instance, if silver
drops from 70 oenta per ounce to 68
oenta per ounce that ta 6 pet cent
theu yon can surely oaloulate that gold
rose 6 per cent la value, and that the
price of all oommoditie will tall in
ahort socoeasion 6 per oant That in
clude all stocks, bonds, etc
After having reoognlaed the fluctua
tion of tbe gold, I have observed the
faott c1ob.1t, and har I will quote
some of my observation a.
On the 9tith ot June, 1893, tha minU
in India were oloaed to th free ooinage
ot silver, in ooneeqneno the gold rose
83 8-10 per cent In value, and the prioe
ot silver fell from 81 oant to 61 oeoU
per onuoe; wheat and other oommodi
tie wer offered at any prioe, but
(.gradually silver rone again to 70 oeoU
per ounoe and wheat to 60 oenU per
In February, 1894, our government
issued 950,000,000 of bond, that oauaed
a demand for gold, tha value of gold
rose to 9 9 51 per oant, tha prioe ot ail
ver fell from 70 eanta to 64 1-8 oenU
per ounoe, sod wheat from 60 oenta to
65 eenU per puthel; thee prioea re
mained about stationary until Novem
ber, lt)4, whan another 960.000,000
bonds were lesaed that oauaed another
rise ot 90 1-3 per eent ta valoa of tha
gold, tbe prioe of mlvar fell from
64 1-8 cent to 69 eent per ounoe.
and tb prioe ox wheat from 66 oenU
to 63 14 oeuU per bushel.
Kaoh time the whole quantity of
gold was paid at one Into th United
Bute treasury; at the last two bond
t l--M" -"-i im
Inish tb gold when It tailed them best.
Issue th syndtoataa had tim to fur-
. consequently th changes oi prioe ware
not ao violent
i Aooordtng to Ulver atandard w
' make la the I'Biaaat Baaaaa aai nf an
ounoa of silver 11.9999 oenta; now if
yoq Uka th different ailrer qooUliona
per ouncf from abor quotation and
if i ounce of aiWer or 70 oenu U
then 80 oeoU or 1 buabel of
wheat it fl. 10i.
If i OUOo of fllrer or 4 I S ii
2fc2tf then 65 ObOU or 1 bnanerof
wheat ii tl. 1 12.
If I ouooe of ailrer or 69 V oenta I :
1 1.2i2tt then 61 '-4 oant or I buabel of '
wheat ta 11.131.
Theae figure pror that then waa ,
very little fluotnation in tb ralatir
value of wheat and ailrer; that in real
ity the price of wheat bad riaen in tb
ilrer-atandard oountry, wbil her it
fell s oenu and 2 oenu reapectirely.
Theae figure verify my former demon-1
txatioo. avyoornne. H waa a meniber of
Those of my reader who handle 1 eulcid dub.
other product can apply that nl to Tb Firat Congngatiooal church,
their article, and they will find that Ban Francieoo. of which Her. C C,
wtton, oil, augtr. lead, copper, eilk, j Brown waa paetor, wiU be aold to th
eta, all fell in tb aam proportion in I highest bidder.
.ht .ucoe-ion afuw tb data, men-j Tb controller of tb. currency b.ad
T v . ... .w ! of" 1 6 per cent in far or
bond issue wn first discuss t in the
newspapers, I spoke with a prominent
Western railroad official and asserted
tbe idea of the fluctuation of the gold,
lie then fairly laughed at me. . I as
serted that not only wheat, silver, and
other AiramfvliriM armiM fall Vn ,
their own railroad stock woold fall in I
tbe tame proportion. That stock waa: A telegram received from Santo Do
quoted at 85 cent. After tbe bonds nilngo aay that th president. Ulysses
were issued it fell to 82 oenta. Th Henraaux, has had th minister of war,
gentleman gracefully acknowledged th ; Caattllo, and Governor Eatay, of Ma
correctness of my aaaertion. eoria, shot for conspiracy.
Dun's report waa that tbe viaible . - Senator Kyle, from tb committee on
upply of wheat in Russia bad turned . forwat reaervationa, has reported favor
out to be larger than aqticipated, ' ably tbe bill authorising tb purchase
which had cauaed the drop in the price of toll road In Yoaemite National
of wheat: silver hsd gone down, be- j Park, and making them free,
cauae about 150.000 ounces in Hew j Twenty special agenU of the general
.ork bad not been sbiFped.and the price iao( 0fac fa Washington, D. C have
of stocks in London bad fallen on ac-1 been ordered suspended from May 10
count for want of confidence in Ameri-1 to Jane 80, inclusive, on account of an
... - ...'I
oaa securities. xne only xxuxn
gtiia oaa gone up on aooount oi toe de-
m".?-d lr ,C i
, With each per cent of T.lu which
K0f3 "lT,noe b0fden r oor detu I
advance. 1 per cent, because w har j
to furnish 1 per cent more produce to
. L. . .
When we were broke after June 28.
I i3. ws got th blessing of th bond
issues for the purpose of . strengthening '
The first time the burden of our -debu
rose 9 9-61 per cent, tbe seoond
time i1, per cent, total about 19 8 20
Before our last bond issue when the
"popular loan" was advertised, the
papexs suted that gold was at a half
per oenl premium. '
Now one onnoe of gold ii 920.67, just
ai well aa an ounce of gold is 460
Dollars and oeoU Is a system of
welghu like oonoea and grains, there-,
for no one would give a frsctioo of a . suff, which have Just been issued,
oeot or of a grain of gold more fur a ' show that the national guard now non
dollar than the qunatity which ooosti- ber throughout Chile 400,000 men.
tute a dollar; therefore gold waa not. The figure wer made up immediately
nor could it be at a premium, but our after the late enrollment
greenbacks were at a discount
The making of debu will strengthen
GROUND WAS BROKEN.
Work K. th. K.,.a Kl.a, 1 "- ' ,me tim W1'l b ,h0t" lU
lag t aaai. spite of proteatt from Washington.
Uant's Paaa, Or., May IS. Tbe ' The New York Herald' oorreapond
breaking ot ground for tbe large min- ent In Salvador writes that oongreas
ing canal of tbe Rogue River Water St baa approved; tbe treaty of Amalpa
Mining Company took plaoe today at a , which unite tb republics of San Sal
point thnee miles south cf Wold Hill. ! vador, Nicaragua and Honduras, which
At leaat 1,000 people witnesaed the will henceforth be called by the name
ceremony, and enjoyed the barbecue Repoblioa Major de Centra America,
dinner. Short addressee were made j At Port jowneend an unofficial test
by uovernor uora, uon. t tx renin-
ger, judge of. the united sutea dis
trict court; Brigadier-General C F.
Beebe, Dr. C F. Chapman, Rev. Rr
land D. Grant, W. S. Crowell and J.
The company intenda to construct
two canals, a lower and upper one.
Tha lower canal will he for iu awn
,nA .v,. nnTw.- t.rr th. nf
water to those heving ground to work,
The company expeoU to have the canal
completed within two years. Toe aise
of the ditch will be twenty feet wide
I tha bottom ai frtot rlnen and thirtv
feet at the top. The water for thu
canal will be Uken out of Rogue river.
lu present objective point is Foot'
creek, a dlaunoe ot aboot ten mile.
Ultimately, however, it will be ex
tended to aud below Grant' Pass about
twenty mile. Th object ot the ditch
1 to supply water for the immense
stretches ot gravel bar which li along
the line ot th ditch, and which are
known to be very rich In gold.
The successful construction of this
ditch will revolutionise mining in
Tha MMtersr tlbelsa.
Sesttle. May IL A libel wa filed
In the United Sutes district court to
day by the owners of tbe steamship
Trenail against CapUin Ludlow, of
the Monterey, claiming damage in
th turn of 310.000. Tb Transit col
lided with the Monterey while th lat
ter vessel was lying at anchor tn this
harbor. April 13 Istt The Transit
olalmi that tha Monterey was not In a
proper anchorage, being too close to
the wharves, and consequently was tn
fsult in the collision. The govern
ment, April 31 test libeled the Transit
for the same oollieion, claiming the
Monterey was damaged In th turn of
Halaa.a' Cob aa.l-.rn.
New York, May 11. Attorney Geo.
B. Chamberlain, ot Chicago, who
claim to have first exposed th 1st H
H. Holmes and driven him from that
city, i at tha Astor house. Ha saje
Holmes' dying confession will be re
ceived by Chief Badenoch, of the Chi
cago police, neit week. In this he I
rap posed to dispose of 9300,000 which
h mad in swindling operations
Liberty ia unrestricted license to
do right Chios go Standard. ,
EVENTS OF THE DAY
Epitome of the Telegraphic
Jiews ot the World.
TEK8K TICKS VKOJf THK WIKK8
lataaawtla; Cllatla at Itaaaa freaa
lha Ta Maaalaaliara rraaaatad
la a Caadaai.d rrsa.
Uorg Haas. 16 yean old. killed
hlmaelf in ban ITranoiaoo by taking
(J rowers' National bank, of Miles
" At A Ion so province. In Boelva,
Spain, a miscreant set fir to a build
ing in which a daooe was in progress.
(Six persona ware burned to death, and
""" wm la.owd-
tvli flacal year
Th. Denver chamber of commerce
.nories the natement that n oon-
tribotion. for tb Cripple Creek lire
.off,,, from other auVes are needed,
Tb, contributions in sight tn Colorado
.navimuui " m vm-
amount to nearly 950,000.
I Tb senate committee on public
I land haa agreed to press upon tbe sen
, at steering oomminee consideration of
the bill granting 6 per oenl ot the pro
' oeeda of tbe sale of publio lands to the
sutea where tbe sale hav been or may
The schooner Viking, which arrived
in San Francisco, brought news of tbe
probable loan ot the schooner Norma.
: Tbe N jrma Bailed on February 9 with
ten person aboard, for tb South sesi,
I and should have arrived at it destina-
! tion six weeks ago.
V atapaeoh. .from Valnaxaiso aays:
The autistic of tbe general army
A disptcah form Havana aay: ' An
American newspaper man named Ham
ilton, captured on board the Key West
filibustering schooner Competitor, will
be released, but the oilier person! cap-
of th. n,w TeIlae launch Scout snow-
ed ber to be able to easily make four
teen to aixteo knoU an hour. Revenue
officer are delighted to think that th
first government boat constructed on
Pu get-sound U such an eminent success.
It is said, on what is considered good
authority in Washington, that the ex-
pert aooountsnt employed by tbe
i 7 nd bortag of
9127.000 in tha trust fund aooount of
: J. Kieokhoefer. until recently th
, dUburaing offloer of tbe state depart-
Tb ecretary of th treasury haa ao-
oepted offer for th aala of ai tea for
government building aa follows: Boise
City, Idaho. Sera M. Jackson, 917,600,
bounded by Seventh and Eighth aad
Bannock etreeU; Helena, Mont, C. F.
Ellis A Co., 930,000, corner Park ave
nue and Clark strreet
Tbe American Medical Association
met in iu 47th annual session In th
Grand opera bona tn Atlanta, Ga.
Tha association baa over 1,600 mem
bare, being tha largest body of physi
cian and surgeon In America, and
probably in tb world. Dr. Beverly
Cole, ot California, prealded.
The Herald' correspondent in Quay
aoulll. Ecuador, telegraph that the
provlno of Manabi Buffered terribly
from earthquakes. In Puerto Vie jo
house wer thrown down, many per
sons were buried allv In th ruins and
many Injured. Tb provinoa of Man
abt ia In th northeastern part of Ecu
Almost 30,000 government employe
wer brought at one sweep unaer xne
protection of tbe civil service by the
tsosanoe of an order oy tne president.
making a general revlaion of the oivtl
service rule. -The order 1 the moat
ImporUnt since the inauguration of the
system mora thaa a deoaac ago. ii
Uke effect Immediately.
All of th trana-Atlantio steamship
line hav advanced tha rate on gold
from 1-83 to 6 S3. For some time past
th oompsnie hav held th opinion
that tha rate charged were not fair to
them, considering tha risks Involved.
ine opinion u eiprvswea ... u... .u -
vauua ui i-
outward movement ot gold.
James Creelman, correspondent of
tha New Yorkk World, and Frederick
W. . Lawrence, correspondent of the
New York Journal, hark been expelled
from Cubs, on th ground that they
oaluinated General Wsjler. tha gov- .
arrnment and army, and attributed th -insurgenu'
crime to tb 8 pan lab army.
Tbey have been ordered to leave Cub
by tbe first steamer Bailing.
Renter aad owner of land In th
Umatilla reservation met la Pendleton,
Or , and organised a vigilanoe commit
te, to aboot dowa cattle .straying upon
grain lands The movement is caused
by tb Indian tearing down fence
and turning stock loose. It 1 expected
thU action will provoke a test law ease
to mora olearly define to what extent
the Umatilla IndUn U a citisen.
J. rJimoos. the cook on the pilot
boat schooner San Jobs, was washed
overboard and loat while tbe schooner
waa crossing the Columbia river bar
bound in. Tha weather was rough
ouuide, and a hearvy swell on tha bar
tossed the little sobooner about con
siderably, one huge wave striking her
mid ships and turning ber over almost
on her beam ends Simons was stead
ing at tb tim in th cockpit, and th
receding wav carried him over the
aide. Tbe crew was unable to render ' "
any aaslaaUnoe, tha unfortunate msn
disappearing as soon aa he went over
the schooner' side.
It is said that the war ooaU Spain
9100,000,0000 annually and 10,000 sol
diers every year.
A fight between negroes and Hon-'
gariansat Keystone, W. Vs., Resulted
in two negroes and one Hon being
kiled. Wilson Worthington and Geo.
Maaard were also Injured.
Rear Admiral Kirk land has been or
dered, to command the Mare Islsnd
navy-yard in place of Captain H. L.
Howison.wbo u ordered to special duty
in connection with the Oregon.
Carl Albrecht, who kiUed hia wife
In Marehfield, Or., February 18 last,
waa convicted at Empire City ,
of murder in th first degree. Tha
jury brought in a verdict after fifteen
The railroad tUtion in Florin, CaL,
was entered by burglars. Tb burglars
robbed tha railroad station, th poat
offlo and Wallt-Fargo express office,
whtob ar all ia th same building. A
small Buxn of money was taken.
Tbe Northern Pacific ft Manitoba
Terminal bondholders havs been ad
mitted to tha Northern Paoiflo reorgan
isation and hav accepted 50 per eent
in new threes and a like amount ia pre
ferred stock aa a baaia of Battlement' '
Craned with drink and brooding over
trouble which h aooalderad a disgrace
to himself and reUtives, Frank -Wal
ton, aged SO. threw hiaaaelf in front of
an engine on the Rock Island track
near Lincoln, Neb. , and was ground to
,1s tha Canadian farobibitioa ease, th
p.lvy eouaoU hatrdcidad that patlia
, ment oannot pass a general prohibitory
law, nor oan th provinces abolish th
traffic in liquor, but they can past lawa
to regulate it by licenses, under reason
Notice ha been given by the Soo line
of iu Intention to put into effect a
round-trip rat of 960 from St Paul
and Minneapolis to Kootenai pointa. -Tbe
tiokeU will have limits in both di
rection ot forty day and final return.
limit of ninety, day a
'The city of L'Anee, at the head of
Kewana bay, Michigan, haa been wiped
out by fire. The L Ana company s
lumber mill and nearly all the business
houses were burned. Two hundred
persona are homeless. Th total lost is
9350,000; insurance smalL
A dispatch from Panama aa t:
Puerto Viio, the, capital of ManaU,
with a population of 10,000, haa been
entirely destroyed by two earthquakes.
The ahoqks wer succeeded by floods,
inundaitng the city. Msny lives are
Buppoaad to hav been lost
In a boxing match between Jonn
Houlihan and Pat Nolan, wnicb cam
off In Farm In Eton, Conn., Houlihan
was knocked out in th eleventh round
and rendered unoonsoioua. He was not
resuscitated, and it is bolived hi in
juries will prova fatal.
It ia ttsted in Kansas City that tha .
firm of Swift tt Co. will abut down
their big packing plant at . that point
for an indefinite period. Their plant
gives employment to 1,800 men, and in
capacity rank Second among tbe pack
ing establishment of Kanaa City.
In Rome, N. Y J. Wateon Hil
dreth, th boy train wrecker, reoelevd a
lite sentenoe. Hta companions, Plato
and Hibbard, who pleaded guilty of
manslaughter In the first degree, wer
eetenoed to twenty years' imprison ,
ment on two Indictments, or for forty
years in alL .
William Laverona and Jack Roterta,
highwaymen, captured a few daya
ainoe, overpowered th , Jailer ta Ma
dera, CaL, beating him severely over
tbe head with a brick. They took hi
key and arms and escaped. They ar
desperate characters and it is feared
will kill soma of tha post before they
are captured. - '
New is receive!, of a brutal murder
oommitted in Oconto, Wis , ta a dis
pute between two termer about a team
of horses. In which a man named Olssa
shot on named Litsot Ha thaa car
ried tha body to a brush pile aad set
It on fir. A deputy sheriff arretted
Olsea aad had him bandouffod by on
hand, but by a desperate effort th man
escaped and hid In the wood.'
Ai aa Indication of tn unprecedent
ed mining aotivtty tn th state of
Waahlngton. th records In tha offioa .
of the Bporatary of state at Olympta '
show that ther hav bera filed for ran.
ord la the last thiee soon I hi article for
, .,BDtrlhm mining
corpora tloa a,
- ; Tbaaa. in eonoeoticai
have aetted to th state aa stout for
recording feaa littl ahort of the ran- '
alag sxpanas of tha turnery of state '
effiot for th aam tlx.