The Maupin times. (Maupin, Or.) 1914-1930, March 11, 1926, Image 4

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Record of His' Achievements
During Five Years in Senate
His Important Committee Place Help
Oregon to Gcrt Aid It Needs 1
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rur aMLo V6vivpiiiiih .
Portland, March 11, (Special) Mak
ing, on behalf, ol Senator Robert N.
Stanfield, due acknowledgment of the
assistance rendered him in Congress
by the other members of the Oregon
delegation, Senator Charles L. McNary
and Representatives W. C. Hawley,
N. J. Sinnott, C. N. McArthur, now de
ceased, and Maurice E. Crumpacker,
Hon. E. D. Cuslck, manager of the
Stanfield campaign, gave to the press
of the state to-day a statement of the
Senator's recor d of services during the
five years he has held otfice. The
complete statement, it is announced,
will be issued shortly in pamphlet
form for gene ral circulation. The fol
lowing is a nummary touching brief
ly the high .lights of Mr. Stanfield's
record in the senate:
Splendid Committee Assignments.
following important Committees helps
to put Oregon in the front rank in the
United States Senate:
1. Public Lands and Surveys,
2. Finance, (most powerful and im
portant of all Senate Commit
tees). 3. Civil Service, (next to Chair
man). 4. Claims, (next to Chairman).
6. Post Ofi'ices and Post Roada,
(3rd member In 16).
Stanfield and Oregon Appropriation'
During Senator Stanfield's five
years' of service in the U. S. Senate,
he has been a leading factor in the
obtaining of the following appropria
tions for the state of Oregon:
(Totals for Five Years 1921-1926.)
Federal Aid Highways...... $6,536,594
Forest Roads and Trails 6,701,087
Rivers and Harbors 7,386,000
Reclamation 8,631,000
Indian Affairs 2,148,547
Crater Lake National Park.... 292,750
Total 132,695,978
A grand total exceeding all Federal
appropriations for Oregon from its
admission to statehood until 1921.
Senate Seniority Helps.
States which re-elect their senators
and representatives have a far greater
influence in governmental affairs and
obtain much larger appropriations and
other Federal aid than those states
which do not follow this course. The
reason for this is the seniority rule
or congress, which requires every new
senator and rebresentative to start in ,
at the foot of a committee and stay
there until the death, retirement or
resignation of a senior member per
mits him to advance, a grade. This
rule has no exceptions. As some com
mittees have as many as 17 members,
Jt generally takes years before a new
senator can obtain the chairmanship
ef an Important committee. Only
twenty-two Republican Senators now
outrank Senator Stanfield in senior
ity. Senate Committees Control
The leading committees of the Sen
J.fta.d Houe control all legislation.
This is because it is impossible for
Congress to consider thousands of
bills introduced (in the last Congress
the number was 16,884) without first
referring them to committees for con
sideration, report and recommenda
tion. The chairman of a leading sen
ate committee possesses great power
over legislation, because he decides, as
a rule, the order in which bills shall
be considered. His ' judgment also
usually determines which bills shall
be reported out for the Senate to act
Stanfield's Committees Big Asset for
Senator Stanfield is Chairman of
the Committee on Public Lands and
Surreys, one of the leading Commit
tees of the Senate, with 14 members.
Tiiis Committee is of vast importance
to Oregon and the other ten western
states because it handles all legisla
tion dealing with conservation, reser
vation, use and disposal of public
He has the distinction of being, with
one exception, the only Senator from
a Pacific Coast State to be made a
member of the Committee on Finance
the most important aHd powerful of
all the Senate committees in the past
sixty years. This committee has 17
members, handles all tariff and tax
, legislation and all bills pertaining to
' the income of the Government.
Senator Stanfield ranks third on the
Committee on Post Offices and Post
Road3, passing on all legislation af
fecting postal rates and post roads;
I also on the compensation and work
ing conditions of postal employes.
He is rankhig member (next to
Chairman) of the Committee on Civil
Service, with 11 members, and, as
such, has charge of the Civil Service
Retirement Pension Bill. '
United Stater Senator Robert N. 6tanfleld
The Senator is also ranking mem
ber of the Committee on Claims,
which passes on all claims coming be
fore Congress.
j' Secure Relief for Agriculture.
! When Mr. Stanfield became Benator,
on March 4, 1821, agriculture was de
pressed, prices were down and many
banks In. western agricultural communi
ties were on the verge of ruin. Although
.an expert on agriculture and livestock,
Senator Stanfield found that the senlar
Ity rule greatly handicapped him in hl
efforts to have an emergency tariff bill
paused. Because no tariff bill covering
solely agricultural duties had ever been
passed by Congress, he found the Com
mittee on Finance opposed to the enact
ment of such a law. Senator Stanfield de
voted weeks of effort to portraying to
the Eastern members of this Committee
the actual conditions which made If im
possible for farmers and livestock amn
to make a profit on their product, because
butter from New Zealand, e'gRS from
China, tinned beef from Argentina and
otner products were being sold In the U.
8. .&l lower ttum like 4flusrui
Maupin, Oregon
products brought The Influential Chair
man of ' the Finance Committee, Boise
Penrose of Pennsylvania, was only par
tially convinced, however, until on dy
8enator Stanfield, In riding through
Pennsylvania and New Jersey, pointed
out to him cabbage rotting in the fields
because It could not compete In price
with cabbage Imported from Denmark
anil Holland. Shortly thereafter, on Ma,y
27, 1921, the Emergency Tariff Act was
passed and furnished Immediate relief by
placing substantial protective duties upon
I agricultural products.
I Obtains Loans for Farmers.
I In order to remedy the condition of
hundreds of banks In smaller western
towns, suffering from agricultural depres
sion, Senator Stanfield Introduced a bill
authorizing the War Finance Corpora
tion to make agricultural loans. The
Act became law Aug. 24, 1921, the War
Finance Corporation authorizing the mak
ing of loans to the amount of 1478,000,
000, actually advanning tJl'8,000,000 of
this amount In western agricultural and
livestock loans dulrng 1921-1922. In order
to assist the banks and local loan asso
ciations affected to secure quick relief
under the Act, Senator Stanfield travel
led through the west in 1921 and visited
many communities for that purpose.
Worked for Agricultural Credits Act.
He was a leader among the senators
who secured the passage of the Agricul
tural Credits Act of March 4, 1923. The
law permits loans to be made through
Intermediate Credit Dunk operating in
conjunction with Farm Loan Hanks to
extend credit for a period of six months
to three years on warehouse receipts to
Cooperative Marketing Associations and
other agricultural organizations.
Stanfield Bill for Loans on Homes.
Senator Stanfield Is the author of leg
islation now before Congress to provide
Government-super -vised loans at low
rates of Interest and favorable terms of
payment to home owners, and says: "The
bankers, and Industry through thern, have
secured relief through the Federal Re
serve Banks; farm loans have been pro
vided at low rates of interest and long
time through the Federal Farm Loan
system; Intermediate credits have been
provided for carrying agricultural pro
ducts until favorable market conditions
obtain; but the city home owners, who
pay the highest price named for all they
must buy, have been afforded no relief.
It is time these workers were provided
with easy means of utieurlng homes and
paying for them."
TWs bill provides for a system of
Home Loan Banks supervised by the
Government, with bond-Issuing power,
similar to that of the Land Hanks. '
Oregon Should Control Her Resource.
Perhaps Senator Stanfield's biggest
fight is based on the demand that the
Government shall recognize the principle
that the resources of the withdrawn and
reserved public Jttnd-s within the state of
Oregon are really the property of the
State. Ail revenues obtained from tim
ber or other sales or from the utilization
of these lands should be paid to the
State, he Insists, In lieu of taxei that
theBe areas would pay If in private own
ership. Respecting this vital problem,
Senator Ktanfilcd says: "As Chairman
of the Senate Committee on Public
Lands and Surveys, I maintain that the
natural resources of Oregon belong to
the people of Oregon and not to the Gov
ernment. I am leading the fight to es
tablish Oregon's right to use the revenues
from these resources to develop the State
and tn raduc. mtLtvrin Uv thA tovoji. now
Has Worked Hard for Oregon's
Reclamation Projects,
Senator Stanfield has worked unceas
ingly for the success of Oregon's Irriga
tion projects. Being In full accord with
the attitude of the senior Senator from
Oregon, Charles ,. Mc.Mnry, Chairman
of the Senate Committee, on Irrigation
and Reclamation, he favors the active
Continuation of the reclamation of our j
arid )ands until every irrigable acre In
Oregon Is rHuccd, jn due time, to cult!- 1
Since Stanfield witened tho Senate, ap
propriations amounting to iUMlfinO have
been obtained from th Government for
reclamation in Oregon.
Backs up McNary in Federal Aid for
As one of the acknowledged leaders
among the 22 senators representing II
vsljern states, who organized on March
8, ll)8, with Senator McNary presiding,
Senator Stanfield joins In oppoHlng In
terior Department's demand thnt settlers
ojj federal Irrigation prrdec, jiK.iudlnjrj
. Oregon, must D rmsneea ojr the vuttt
na ni or me itovernmeni. lai lnD
rial aid, Sinnftold maintain, should com
out of the federal reclamation fund, whloh
on June JO. 1:5. had a balaae at fill,-
on hand.
As tMult, the Interior Department
has abandoned Its demand tor Htate a!4
and hua agreed to use 1500,000 of the
reclamation fund for the purpose of
making experimental loana to eettler on
certain project over a period of three
Helped Pees Federal Highway Act
A a member of the Committee on Poet
Offices and Poet Roada, Senator taa
field was a leader In securlti? the pmsgi
of the Federal Highway Act on Novem
ber . 1931. The Art provided for the
resviit designation of a syetein of Fed
eral aid to Highway In the various
states, and carried an Initial appropria
tion of ;5.00O.0O0, He procured Inclu
sion of forest road In this Act, with an
appropriation of 111,000,000 the ftret
large appropriation for foreat road pee
ed by Congress Since Senator Stanfield
entered the Senate, Oregon ha received
from the Government tla.13T.ISI for high
ways and foreat roada
For Roosevelt Military Highway.
The economic value of the Roosevelt
miliary Highway to the whole State of
Oregon cannot be overestimated. . This
highway should b completed at the earl
iest poulhla moment, because of the great
development It will bring, particularly to
all of VVeatern Oregon. A nearly all of
this highway traverse the national for
ests It should have a major part of the
forest road fund expended upon It.
For Conservation and Reforestation,
Senator Stanfield believe In the eon.
serration of the timber resource of Ore
gon. If Oregon' timber can be car.
fully harveated and reforestation mad af
fective, her timber Industry will be ear.
petual. Legislation to tht nd I
s-ntlnj, on part of bath Federal Govern
ment add Btata. uregon privatelv awn.
ed timber I valued at tU4.O00.O0O and
paid state ana county tajte for !(
amounting to IS. 800,000. Oregon' Um
ber, within the forest reserve, paying ne
taxation to the State, la valued at ttlO,.
ono.000, but th amount allotted to th'
stat oy tn Government out of all
revenue' from th forest for th ftca!
year, June 30, 1924. to June to. lilt, was
only 1:38,6:5 81. Senator Stanfield Insists
that these forest revenue belong to th
Mint and Minlna.
Every measure designed to aid th
miner and prospector has met with the
active support of th Senator. The mining
Industry, he believe. I particularly will
qualified to Judgs It own need. This
Industry udded more than K.0OO.000 to
the wealth of Oregon during th past
Improving Rivers and Harbor.'
Th Junior Senator urge larger ap
propriation for river and harbor Im
provement tn Oregon. lie Insists that. In
considering rlvr and harbor project,
rutur tonnage a wall a present ton
nage be considered, and maintain that
all development of liver and harbors
should be paid for by th Federal Gov
ernment, without (tat or district finan
cial cooperation. Sine h ha been In
th Senate, Oregon baa received Federal
appropriation for river and harbor
amounting to I7.J86.0CO.
Widening and Deepening Columbia Rlvr
Th future development of Portland,
Astoria, Rainier, St. Helen and other
communities hx-ated on th ColunYMa
River from Portland to th sea, require
the maintenance of a channel of suffic
ient width and depth to permit th larg
est ocean-going vessels to enter their
harbor. A 36 -foot channel 1 the present
goal of these port. It I of vital Im
portance that the U. 8. Engineer Corp
be encouraged in Its efforts, not only lo
carry out this project, but to devote
especial attention to the widening and
deepening of the constantly shifting chan
nel between Astoria and th sea. senator
Stanfield Is greatly Interested In thus
plans and prepared to aid In their fulfill
ment. Favor Tongue Point Ntval B.
Realizing that the Coastline on th Pa
cific Ocean from San Francisco to Puget
Sound, a distance of almost one thousand
miles. Is absolutely without defence from
a naval standpoint, Senator Stanfield has
always been a strong advocate of the lo
cation of a luhmarln. destroyer ana
aviation base at th mouth of th Colum
bia River. The development of an ade
quate naval base at Tongue Point, there
fore, I a matter of much concern to him,
as it mean the protection In th future
of an area comprising the greater part of
the state of Oregon, Washington, Idaho
and Montana. He is pledged to work for
the establishment and development of
the Tongue Point naval base.
Relief Bill to Benefit 18 Counties.
Senator Stanfield Is championing th
passage of a bill, of which he I th
author, to relieve the eighteen Oregon
counties In which the Oregon and Cali
fornia Railroad Grant lands are located.
The passage of this bill would Immediate
ly distribute to the several counties ap
proximately 15,000,000 for taxes lost dur
ing the past eleven years, and would
annually thereafter distribute approxi
mately J500.000 to those counties.
His Report on Spruce Land Tax Lou.
Extensive publicity ha been accord
ed Senator Stanfield' report, prepared
In his capacity as ranking member of the
Senate Committee on Claims, on th Mc
Nary bill for the payment to Lincoln
county of an amount equal to the tax
loss on United States spruce land In that
county. Enactment of thl bill would re
sult In the return to Lincoln county of a
sum tn excess of 1188,641.84, coveting the
period of four years from 1919 to 1922 In
clusive, and the county should b reim
bursed In the Bum of 145,000 per year
for the balance of ten years,
Voted to Overrld Vto of Adjuttid
All measurer for the relief of veteran
of the World War, their widow, chil
dren and dependents, have been support
ed by the Senator. On May It, 1924, he
voted to enact the Adjusted Compensa
tion Law over the President' veto, .- In
keeping with his pre-election promise to
ths World War veterans.' Benator Stan
field has also actively supported every
measure Intended to aid th veterans at
the Civil War, the Spanish-American
War and the World War.
Helps Coolldg Reduce Taxes
From the beginning of his service, Sen
ator Stanfield ha actively supported th
Republican national administration, and
Is aiding President Coolldg to bring
about strict economy In governmental af
fair" and the reduction of taxes. A a
member of the Finance Commute h ef
fectively assisted President Coolldg in
bringing about thl year's tax reduction
of $387,000,000. i
Also, a member of the Finance Com
mittee, he urged the elimination of all
taxes on admissions and club dues, and
on the Senate floor cast, the deciding vote
for the Senate amendment eliminating
those nuisance faxes. It was largely due
tn his attitude that admission ticket up
to 76c were freed from the ta.
Law Enforcement,
As a strong supporter of the adminis
tration ef President Coolldge, Sonator
Stanfield Is tandlng with the President
In the latter' enforcement of the prohi
bition law, The , attitude of the Chief
Executive toward adequate enforcement
of the low VM clearly set forth In his
address of acceptance on August 14, 1924,
wherein he stated: "It 1 the duty of the
Executive to enforce; I propose to do my
duty as best I can.". Through th ap
pointment of W. K. Newell of Eugene
to be Federal Prohibition Administrator
for Oregon, on the recommendation. .of
Senator Stanfield, the Government gain-1
ed the eervte Qf competenj gnd j,.
minded eiiforcenient oi.iciar, lm l pr
forming hi arduous dutle to the .enure
satisfaction of hi luperlora In office and
of the advocate of law enforcement.
Repeal ef Cepital Stock Tss.
Thl tax. a federal tax. which proved
to be an annoying handicap to buelneea,
and especially to Oregon' leading in
dustry, lumber, wa repealed In February
of thl year. The action wa largely
due to Senator Slanfleld'a representation
to th Senate Finance Committee.
Against Ovr.Tstlon of Timber,
Further experience would be neoe.
u k.l.M I Ha aifti.! fofm Af t a H.,m
, of timber land could be ascertained, but,
according to Senator Stanfield. It due
' appear that en plan, which Is now re-
celvlng thoughtful consideration. ! to
th bar land upon which th
young fot I (rowing, and when It
mature and th crop l harvested, thai
a portion of th porch prlc shall be
returned to th Stt In th form of a
yield tax.
itnfll pono- Retirement Pension.
Thl tail, providing for th optional re
tirement of Federal civil scrvl.e em
ployee aftr thirty years' of service at
a maximum paniton of tl.2"0 per year,
will probably pasa at the proem session
of Congrea. ' Th bill provides for In
.Mniin the annuity for tioetat ami,,va
j who are legally retired uml-r Its term
Deduction irom in employer eamry,
to go Into the pension fund, I to be In
creased from ISi1?. lo m",'r, More then
4W.000 Federal civil servle entp'nyce
will be benefitted by tht ll-tntioii.
Th tunfltld Oraslng Dill.
Now under consideration by Congress,
I of interest to Oregon and the other ten
western tta bcause It seeks to stab-
III.,. Ika HvMlflrll ll'littal.w I. u a.l..,..
IHiaw ,w M ..-,..., .j BIYIII
tookmen using the range, either on th
unreeervvu puum- uummn ur in in na
tional forest, legal right to such prlvl.
leg Instead of depending up m permit
Issued by th departments of the interior
and of agriculture.
Music By
ue Music Masters
of The Dalles
This dance will conclude the Legion's
winter series. Special preparations
have been made for an extra good time
t Usual Admission -:- Fine Eats
We Build Homes
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We Tell You the Cost
We Give You Satisfaction
We Give You the Home You
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Tum-A-Lum Lumber Co.
Old. Mattresses
Made New
Dont throw your old
mattress away.
New mattresses at fac
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Acme Mattress ; Co.
108 N. Bdw. Portland
,-traoc mark nrt.U 5.PAT.Crr
ft . A .
Maupin, Oregon
St. Patrick's Day
JJ Remember
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These teeth aro first class
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Why Pay More?
Painless Extraction
Over Wasco Co. Bank
THrrr Train 3a.rMr n