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About The Maupin times. (Maupin, Or.) 1914-1930 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 8, 1918)
Brief Resume Most important
Daily News Items.
COMPILED FOR YOU
Event of Noted People, Governments
(and Pacific Northwest and Other
Things Worth Knowing.
The House of Commons, without
division, passes the second reading of
the bill giving women the right to
sit in the House.
A new outbreak of lava occurred
Wednesday on the north side of the
Mount Kilauea fire pit A lava lake
has formed 10 feet from the rim of the
Austrian prisoners captured by the
Italians before the armistice took ef
fect Monday are estimated now at
half a million and the booty taken
includes 250,000 horses.
The Cuban government has recog
nized the belligerency of the Czecho
slovaks. A presidential decree to this
effect was published in the official
Gazette Wednesday morning.
The Polish army, under the supreme
political authority of the Polish Na
tional Committee, was recognized
Tuesday by the United StateB Gov
ernment as autonomous and co
belligerent. Caesar Ritz, who established the
Ritz system qf hotels in prominent
cities In Europe and the United States,
died Tuesday night at a sanitarium
In Lucerne, Switzerland, according to
cablegram received In New York.
Private Marlon Tucker, or tne lbtstn
depot brigade, was sentenced Tues
day to 25 years' imprisonment at the
Alcatraz disciplinary barracks for de
sertion, following his conviction by
the general courtmartlal at Camp
A Ukrainian delegation 1b leaving
this week for the United States, ac
cording to a dispatch from Kiev to the
Vossische Zeltung of Berlin, to en
llehten the American nubile on the
national and international positions of
the Ukraine and to clear up misunder
The National American Woman Suf
frage Association, through Mrs. Carrie
Chapman Catt, its president, reported
to the House Tuesday that it had ex
pended $7693 "to defeat Senator Baird
In New Jersey: Senator Weeks in
Massachusetts, and Mr. Moses In New
A demonstration was held before
the Bismarck monument 1n Berli
on Sunday In favor of continuing th
war and a resolution was passed pro
testing against the acceptance of
hulnillatlng peace, according to
Copenhagen dispatch to the Evening
Telegraph company, quoting the Tage-
blatt of Berlin.
The Bolshovik government of Russia
It Is reported from Petrograd, has
handed the neutral ministers a note
for transmission to the entente nations
asking for the opening of peace negoti
ations in order that hostilities between
the allies and the soviet government
may be ended, says an Exchange Tele
graph dispatch from Copenhagen.
The State department was advised
Friday that the Germans are publish
ing In Guadalajara, Mexico, a story
that the deaths In New York city
from Influenza have been so numer
ous that the victims are lying in
heaps in the streets.
For the time being there has been
a cessation ot U-boat attacks on pas
senger steamers, Andrew Bonar Law
announced In the houso of commons
Wednesday. But, he added, there
have been attacks on other Bteamers
during the last week.
"The German people shall be the
freest people In the world." Thl
declaration was made by Emperor
William in addressing the new state
secretary, October 21, according to
Berlin dispatch printed in the Rhel
tsche Westfaelische Zeitung ot Essen.
"In view ot our desire for peace
our troops on Italian soil are evacu
atlng occupied regions," says an of
ficial statement from Vienna.
Government plana for turning out
quantities of airplanes and results
achieved through cooperation of
manufacturers are generally com
mended In the report ot Charles E
Hughes on the aircraft Investigation
to be sent to President Wilson by
Attorney-General Gregory and made
USTRIA QUITS AND
Paris, Nov. 3, 6:50 P. M. Official
announcement was made here this
enlng that an armistice has been
signed with Austria.
Hostilities will cease at 3 o'clock
Monday afternoon. The conditions of
armistice will be published on
Official announcement of the sign
ing of Austrian armistice reached the
premiers while they were in session
the apartment of Colonel House,
President Wilson's personal repre
sentative, this afternoon, and gave the
It was arranged that the conditions
the armistice would be made public
London. An armistice with Austria
was signed Sunday afternoon bj Gen
eral Diaz, the Italian commander-in-chief,
according to an official an
nouncement made here this evening.
The text of the statement reads:
"A telephone message has been re
ceived from the prime minister in
Paris saying that news has just come
that Austria-Hungary, the last of Ger
many's props, has gone out of the war.
The armistice was signed by Gen
eral Diaz this afternoon and will come
into operation tomorrow at 3 o'clock.
The terms will be published on Tues
London. An armistice between the
allies and Turkey has been signed by
duly accredited plenipotentiaries and
became effective at noon October 31.
The terms of the agreement include
the tree passage of the Dardanelles to
the allied fleet, Sir George Cave, the
home secretary, announced in the
house of commons. '
Other terms, it is learned, comprise
the occupation of the forts of the Dar
danelles and Bosphorus necessary to
secure the passage of the allied war
ships through the Bosphorus to the
Another condition is the immediate
repatriation of British war prisoners.
General TownBhend, the British com
mander captured at Kut-el-Amara, was
liberated several days ago by the
Turks, the home secretary announced,
in order to inform the British admiral
command In the Aegean that the
Turkish government asked that nego
tiations be opened immediately for an
A reply was sent that if the Turkish
government sent fully accredited plen
ipotentiaries Vice-Admiral Calthrop,
the British commander, was empower
ed to Inform them of the conditions
upon which the allies would agree to
stop hostilities and could sign an arm
iBtice on these conditions In their be
half. The Turkish plenipotentiaries ar
rived at Mudros, Island of Lemnos, in
the Aegean sea, early last week, and
an armistice was signed by Admiral
Calthrop on behalf of the allied gov
ernments. The entire Turkish force which has
been opposing the British on the Tigris
has been captured, it was officially
It is estimated that the prisoners
number approximately 7000.
Peace Will Not Halt
Washington, D. C. Shipbuilders in
American yards who may fear their
efforts to provide an emergency fleet
are limited by the necessities of war
were assured that there would be
plenty of work for them for years to
come, in statements addressed to them
today by Chairman Hurley ot the Snip
ing Board and Director-Goneral
Schwab of the Emergency Fleet Cor
Every efficient yard will continue to
have all the work it can do whether
the war ends soon or not, Mr. Hurley
said, while Mr. Schwab warned ship-
workers that if Germany were not sin
core in her peace overtures It could
want nothing better than a slackening
of efforts by American shipbuilders,
"The present programme calls for
15,000,000 tons of merchant ships.'
said Mr. Schwab in his statement. "To
day we have built only about 2,500,000
tons and we will not have completed
our programme until six times as
much work has been done."
Prisoner List is Huge.
Havre. In the period between Oc
tober 14 and 27, the total number of
prisoners captured on this front was
18,293, ot whom 331 were officers.
The Belgian army captured 7362 of
these; the second British army 5354
and the French army 6577. Between
September 28 and October 14, 12,000
prisoners were taken. Thus in one
month the total number of prisoners
reached more than 30,000. Material
of all kinds was also captured.
HOUSE AND SENATE
Probably 11 Seats Are Gained
in the Lower House.
CONTESTS ARE CLOSE
Champ Clark Appears to Have Been
Beaten in the Race for Re-elec-.
tion in Missouri.
Washington,!). C. Safe Republican
majorities in both the Senate and
House were claimed by the National
Republican Congressional committee
in a statement issued here at 1 o'clock
St. Louis. On the face of earlyre
turns it appears Speaker Champ
Clark has been defeated by 400 votes
by B. H. Dyer, Republican.
Unofficial figures show that Champ
Clark, Speaker of the House of Repre
sentatives, is 36 votes behind B. II.
Dyer, Rep., in the Ninth Congressional
District. Democrats claim that Clark
has been elected.
New York. At 3 o'clock Wednesday
morning control of Congress was
swerving between the Democrats and
Republicans as belated returns threw
the balance first one way and then
Managers- of both parties were
claiming substantial working major
ities in both the House and Senate.
At this hour, 340 Congressional dis
tricts had been definitely reported and
there were 95 districts still to be
heard from. Perhaps the outstanding
surprise of the election was the aefeat
of Speaker Clark, who was supposed
by politicians to be unbeatable in his
home district, in Pike County, Mis
souri. REPUBLICANS VIC
TORIOUS IN OREGON
Portland. If the ratios indicated by
the incomplete returns throughout the
state are maintained it appears that
Senator McNary will come up to
Multnomah County with a majority
over Oswald west of approximately
20,000 and that Governor Withy-
combe's majority over Walter M,
Pierce will be upwards of 18,000.
Returns on the contested place on
the Supreme Bench give the following
incomplete totals from the state at
large, including Multnomah County:
Bennett, 1200; Campbell, 695; Coke,
1087; Olson, 1148.
A larger proportion of the count in
thtrihome counties of the several con-
dldates is 'given than is represented in
other counties. As a rule in counties
not the home or within the judicial
districts ot any of the contestants
Bennett and Olson are leading.
HENRY FORD BEHIND
ON EARLY RETURNS
Detroit Returns from 677 precincts
out of 2282 In Michigan at 2 o'clock
Wednesday morning, showed for Unit
ed States senator:
Truman H. Newberry, republican,
65,022; Henry Ford, democrat, 43,777.
The figures do not include the
Wayne county (Detroit) vote, which
is being delayed by the counting of
ballots on municipal contests.
Detroit. According to returns from
182 hut of 2282 precincts, Truman H.
Newberry, republican candidate for
United States senator, is leading Hen
ry Ford, democrat, by a vote of 15,614
Soldiers at Camp Custer, who voted
by mall, favored Newberry two to one,
according to Wayne county returns.
Aviators Encounter Snow.
Washington, D. C The first touch
of winter flying conditions in the air
mail service between New York and
Washington was encountered Tuesday
by Ed Gardner, who left New York In
a cold rain and later flew 40 miles
through a snow Btorm at 7000 feet.
The snow was so dense that be could
not see the wings ot his machine. Ar
rangements to combat winter flying
conditions are being made by the post
. CHAPTER XXIV Continued.
Ju.st as. he finished speaking, the wel
come "pup-pup" 'of a machine gun in
their rear rang out, and the front line
of the onrushlng Germans seemed to
melt away. They wavered, but once
again came rushing onward. Down
went their second line. The machine
gun was taking an awful toll of lives.
Then again they tried to advance, but
the machine fun mowed them dowa
Dropping their rifles and bombs, they
broke and fled In a wild rush bnck to
their trench, amid the cheers of "D".
company. They were forming sgnln
for another attempt, when in the var
of D company came a mighty cheer.
The ammunition hnd arrived and with
It a biittulion of Scotch to re-enforce
them. They were saved. The unknown
machine gunner had come to the rescue
in the nick of time.
With the re-enforcements it was nn
easy task to take the third German
After the attack was over, the cap
tain and three of his noncommissioned
officers, wended their way back to the
position where the machine gun hud
done Its deadly work. He wanted to
thank the gunner In the name of D
company for his magnificent deed.
They arrived at. the gun, and an awful
sight met their eyes. -
Lloyd had reached the front line
trench, after his company had left it. A
strange company was nimbly crawling
up the trench ludders. They were re-
enforcements going over. They were
Scottles, and they made a magnificent
sight in their brightly colored kilts and
Jumping over the trench, Lloyd ruced
across "No Man's Land," unheeding the
rain of bullets, leaping over dark forms
on the ground, some of which lay still,
while others called out to him as he
He came. to the German front line,
but it was deserted, except for heaps
of dead and wounded a grim tribute
to the work of his company, good obi
D company. Leaping trenches, and
gasping for breath, Lloyd could see
right ahead of him his company in a
dead-ended sap of a communication
trench, and across the open, away In
front of them, a mass of Germans pre
paring for a clinrge. Why didn't D
company Are on them? Why were they
so strangely silent? What were they
waiting for? Then he knew their am
munition was exhausted.
But what was that on his right? A
machine gun. Why didn't it open fire
and save them? . He would make that
gun's crew do their duty. Rushing
over to the gun he saw why it hnd not
opened fire. Scattered around Its base
lay six still forms. They had brought
their gun to consolidate the captured
position, but a German machine gun
had decreed they would never fire
Lloyd rushed to the gun and, grasp
ing the traversing handles, trained it
on the Germans. He pressed the thumb
piece, but only a sharp click was the
The gun was unloaded. Then
he realized his helplessness. He did
not know how to load the gun. Ob,
why hadn't he attended the machine
gun course in England? He'd been
offered the chance, but with a blush of
shame he remembered that he had been
afraid. The nickname of the mnchlue
gunners had frightened him. They
were called the "Suicide club." Now,
because ot this fear, bis company
would be destroyed, the men of D com
pany would have to die, becnuse he,
Albert Lloyd, had been afraid of a
name. la his shame he cried like a
baby. Aryway he could die with them.
and, rising to his feet, be stumbled
over the body of one of the gunners,
who emitted a faint moan. A gleam
of hope flashed through him. Perhaps
this man could tell him how to load
the gun. Stooping over the body he
gently shi-ok It and the soldier opened
his eyes. Seeing Lloyd, he closed
them again and, in a faint voice, suidf
Over the Too in a Cham.
-, , ' -' . -
MACHINE GUNNQERYING IN FRAWCE-: '
"Get away, you blighter, leave me
alone. I don't want any coward around
The words cut Lloyd like a knife,
but he was desperate. Taking the re
volver out of the holster of the dying
man he pressed the cold muzzle to the
soldier's head and replied:
"Yes, It is Lloyd, the coward of
Company D, but so help me God, if
you don't tell me how to load that gun
I'll put a bullet through your brain I"
A sunny smile enme over the coun
tenance of the dying man and he said
in a fnint whisper:
"Good old boy ! I knew you wouldn't
disgrace our compuny "
Lloyd Interposed : "For God's sake,
If you want to save that company you
-are so proud of, tell me how to load
that d d gun!"
As if reciting a lesson in school, the
soldier replied In a weak, singsong
voice : "Insert tag end of belt In feed
block, with left hand pull belt left
front. Pull crank handle baek on roll
er, let go, and repent motion. Gun is
now loaded. To fire, raise automatic
safety latch, and press thunibplece.
Gun is now firing. If gun stops, ascer
tain position of crank handle "
But Lloyd waited for no more. With
wild joy at his heart, he took a belt
r-from one of the ammunition boxes ly
ing beside the gun, and followed .the
dying man's instructions. Then he
pressed the thunibplece and a burst of
fire rewarded his efforts. The gun
Training it on the Germans he shout
ed for Joy us their front rank went
Traversing the gun back and forth
along the mass of Germans, he saw
them break and run back to the cover
of their trench, leaving their dead and
wounded behind. He had saved bis
company, he, Lloyd, the coward, hud
"done his bit." Releasing (the thumb
piece, he looked at the watch on his
wrist. He was still alive at "3 :38."
"Ping I" a bullet sang through the
air, and Lloyd fell forward across the
gun. -A thin trickle of blood ran down
his face from a little, black round hole
In his forehead.
"The sentence of the court had been
'.'duly carried out."
The captain slowly raised the limp
form drooping over the gun and, wip
ing the blood from the white face, rec
ognized It as Lloyd, the coward of D
company. Reverently covering the face
with his handkerchief he turned to his
' "noncoms" and, in a voice hUBky with
emotions, addressed them: .
"Boys, it's Lloyd, the deserter. He
has redeemed himself, died the death
of a hero died that his mates might
That afteruoon a solemn procession
wended Its way toward the cemetery,
In the front a stretcher was carried by
two sergeants. Across the stretcher
the Union Jack was carefully spread,
Behind the stretcher, came a captain
and forty-three men, all that were left
of D company.
Arriving at the cemetery, they halt
ed in front of an open grave. All about.
theni wooden crosses were broken and
trampled Into-' the ground.
A grizzled old sergennf, noting this
destruction, muttered under his
breath : "Curse the cowardly blighter
who wrecked those crosses I If I could
only get these two hands around his
neck his trip West would be short.'
The corpse on the stretcher seemed
to move, or It might have been the
wind blowing the folds of the Union
CHAPTER XXV. .
Preparing for tht Big Push.
Rejoining Atwell after the execution
I had a hard time trying to keep my
secret from him. I think I must have
lost at least ten pounds worrying over
the affair. - . ...
Beginning at seven In the evening It
was our duty to patrol nil comtnunlca-
tion and front-line trenches, making
note of umisunl occurrences, and ar
resting anyone who should, to us, ap
pear to be acting In a suspicious man
ner. We slept during the day.
Behind the lines there was great ac
tivity, supplies and ammunition pour
ing In, and long columns of troops con
stantly passing. We were preparing
for the big offensive, the forerunner
of the battle of the Bomme or "Big
The never-ending stream of men,
supplies, ammunition and guns pour
ing into the front lines made a mighty
spectacle, one that cannot be de
scribed. It has to be witnessed with
your own eyes to appreciate Its fast
ness. At our part ot the line the influx of
supplies never ended. It looked Uke
a huge snake slowly crawling forward,
never a hitch or break, a wonderful
tribute to the sy em and efficiency of
Great Britain's "contemptible little)
army" of five millions of men.
Huge fifteen-Inch guns snaked along;
foot by foot, by powerful steam tract
tors. Then a- long line of "four point
five" batteries, each gun drawn by six
horses, then a couple of "nine point
two", howitzers pulled by Immense
When one of these caterpillars would
pass me with its mighty monster In
tow, a flush of pride would mount to
my face, because I could plainly read
on the name plate, "Made in U. S. A."
and I would remember that if I wore a
name plate it would also read, "From
the U. S. A." Then I would stop to
think how thin and straggly that
mighty stream would be If all the
"Made in U. S. A." parts of it were
Then would come hundreds of lim
bers and "G. S." wagons drawn by
sleek, well-fed mules, ridden by sleek,
well-fed men, ever smiling, although
grimy with sweat and covered with the
fine, white dust of the marvelously
well-made French roads.
What a discouraging report the Ger
man airmen must have taken back to
their division commanders, and this
stream is slowly but surely getting big
ger and bigger every day, and the pace
is always the same. No slower, no
faster, but ever onward, ever forward.
Three weeks before the big push of
July 1 as the battle of the Somme has
been called started, exact duplicates
of the German trenches were dug
about thirty kilos behind our lines.
The layout .of the trenches was taken
from airplane photographs submitted
by the Royal flying corps. The trench
es were correct to the foot; they
showed dugouts, saps, barbed wire de
fenses and danger spots.
Battalions that were to go over in
the first waves were sent back for
three days to study these trenches, en- ,
gage in practice attacks and have night
maneuvers. Ench man was required to
make a map of the trenches and fa
miliarize himself with the numes and
location of the parts his battalion was
In the American army noncommis
sioned officers are put through a course
of map making or road sketching, and
during my six years' service In the
United States cavalry I had plenty of
practice in this work, therefore map
ping these trenches was a compara
tively easy task for me. Each man
had to submit his mup to the company
commander to be passed upon, and I
was lucky enough to have mine select
ed as being sufficiently authentic to use
in the attack.
No photographs or maps are allowed
to leave France, but In this case it ap
pealed to me as a valuable souvenir of
the great war and I managed to smug
gle it through. At this time It carries
no military importance as the British
lines, I am happy to say, have since
been advanced beyond this point, so
In having it In my possession I am not
breaking any regulation' or cautions
of the British army.
The whole attack was rehearsed
and rehearsed until we heartily cursed
the one who had conceived- the idem
The trenches were named according
to a system which made it very simple
for Tommy to find, even In the dark,
any point In the German lines.
These Imitation trenches, or trench
models, were well guarded from obser
vation by numerous allied planes
which constantly circled above them. -1
No German airplane could approach
within observation distance. A: re
stricted area was maintained and no
civilian was allowed within three
miles, so we felt sure that we had a.
great surprise in store for Frits.
(TO BE CONTINUED.)
Isinglass From Fish Sounds.
Isinglass is made from the sounds
or swimming bladders of flsh. One
ton of hake, says the Popular Science
Monthly, will yield from 40 to SO
pounds of sounds. These are dried,
soaked, cut In pieces, rolled Into
sheets and cut Into ribbons. The rib
bons are dried and wound on wooden
spools. One ounce of Isinglass will
clarify from 200 to 500 gallons of wine
nnd one pound will clarify from 100 to
500 barrels of beer. It is used for
inuklng cement for mending glass and
pottery and for adhesive plaster and
enters Into the manufacture of many
textiles and waterproof fabrics.
Tea Plant Purposely Dwarfed.
In Its wild state the tea plant grows
to a height of from ten to twenty feet ;
In fultivatlng it Its size is kept down
to about three feet for convenience In
picking. The tea of Japan Is mostly
of the green variety. Considerable
black tea Is exported, but Is grown
mainly on the Island of Formosa. The
seed is usually planted In 'terraces that
extend from the bases of hills to their
very crests, like giant steps that con
form with the general contour of the
hillsides. During picking time one may
see large groups of tea-pickers (most
ly women) gradually working their
waj toraward from ta ton ox a kUL