The Maupin times. (Maupin, Or.) 1914-1930, April 12, 1918, Image 2

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A movement to urge the people to eat whale meat as a substitute for
beef, lamb, and other victuals has been begun by the American Museum of
Natural History. Statistics submitted by this Institution show that this
whale meat can be marketed for about 12 cents a pound and is Just as
tasty and nourishing as any other meat. It has been used In Japan as a
foodstuff for the past 20 years, and has proved satisfactory. Should this
new eatable appeal to the American people It will undoubtedly result In i
tremendous expansion In the whaling Industry.
The photograph shows the enormous tongue of a Gray whale.
Correspondent Gives Thrilling
Description of First Ex
perience at Front.
Night Watchers Trust Nobody But
Themselves Both Sides Watching
the Flaring Bombing and Ma
chine Gunning at Intervals.
With the French Armies In the Field.
Night life In a flrst-llne trench has
Its little bag of thrills for the begin
ner. Pollus say night trenches are monot
onous, but all Pollus have seen livelier
things than trench life.
To on American correspondent,
spending a first night on the fringe
of No Man's Land precisely as no
doubt hundreds of thousands of Ameri
cans will before the end of the war, a
nocturnal trench has all the melodra
matic elements to keep up Interest and
drive monotony away.
Darkness seems to settle down
quickly over the frowsy, weedy, gray
strip In front, which nobody owns and
nobody treads In daylight.
A battery of French guns bark
sharply In the rear. Firefly flashes
wink a mile behind the enemy's wire.
The French gunners are saying "Good
night" to a Boche battery, and the dull
"boom," "boom," "boom" then the
squeal of enemy Bteel above tells you
the Boche Is answering. Unless un
foreseen things happen tonight, the
gunners will "rest on their arms" un
til daybreak. On "quiet" sectors like
this It often happens.
With darkness down, the night shift
Is eating supper In their dugouts and
rigging out In sheepskin Jackets to
begin the silent night watch over the
parapets. The dugoutB corrugated
steel and sand-bng construction at In
tervals a few yards back of the first
line are smelly and dark, but filled
with life. Its human life and Insect
life, the latter making little difference
so long ns steel and sandbags shed va
grant shells. Men say they can get
accustomed to Insects, but the bite of
a shell Is different.
8lgn of America.
The correspondent found the Inevi
table American sign In these dugouts
tonight. Penciled names on the wood
en bunks suggested New York's East
side, St. Louis, Cincinnati, Milwaukee
and other purer American names sug
gested early settlers on the prairies
of the middle West. In fact, It was In
the trench Just outside that a small
body of American "Sammies" on No
vember 8 fought desperately against
overwhelming German odds In Ameri
ca's first battle of the big European
The night Pollus have taken their
places a few yards apart along the
parapet, The day Pollus have filed
Into the dugouts for food and rest.
A machine gun Is "rat-tat-tat-lng" Its
evening tryout. All machine guns are
frequently tested at night. A fainter
"rat-tot-tat-tat" shows that the Boche
Is doing It, too. A bright, fiery streak
roars np nearby and a small white
parachute floats gently down with an
Incandescent flare lighting up No
Man's Land for a hundred yards
around. Somebody saw a suspicious
move beyond the wire, an officer ex
plained. The officer orders a few rifle
grenades fired as a warning to prowl
ing Boches, perhaps trying to learn
something or to cut the wire. The
Pollu heads, silhouetting over the para
pet at Intervals against the blackness
beyond, "duck down" for an Instant
while the grenades explode with cav
ernous roars. These missiles fly Into
a hundred pieces each and wipe out
life for rods around.
More machine guns are tapping their
warnings or having their "tryouta"
here and there along the line. The
Boche again, as if nervous, li doing It,
Nobody Is Trusted.
A half-hour follows without a single
park of fireworks. But It breaks out
again both sides watching, flaring,
bombing, machine-gunning, suspicious
things In that uncanny black stretch
of No Man's Land, fringed on each tide
with night watchers who trust nobody
but themselves.
Another period of silence except low
voices of men talking In "trench whis
pers." They've learned to "trench
whisper" by constant practice. A Pollu
apologetically explained, as he rear
ranged his nest of black egglike hand
grenades on the trench shelf before him,
that American soldiers talked too loud
at first. But they finally learned tp
"parler doucement" he added.
The Boche Is active again. A flock
of hand grenades roar themselves Into
silence on the other side as fiery light
streaks perform arcs like Roman can
dles and then float gracefully down
under their parachutes Into the Ger
man wire. A rifle grenade explodes
half-way across No Man's Land and
Boche machine guns take up the tune.
The Boche having told the French by
the display that no German soldiers
are prowling In this part of No Man's
Land, there Is silence again until time
makes things uncertain.
"The Boche has no reason to be
nervous yet," whispered nn officer.
"Our first patrol goes out at 2 o'clock.
Would you like to go along?"
Patrolling Is one of the milder games
of hide and seek id No Man's Land at
night and It's something most all
American trench soldiers will learn
before the war is over.
Sixty Gothas in
Passengers Arriving in United
States Give Thrilling Ac
counts of Attack.
Bombs Tore Up Streets During Two
Hour Siege In Inky Darkness
Death Toll 245 Drop Nine
Tons of Explosives.
An Atlantic Port. Thrilling eye
witness accounts of one of the tremen
dous German air raids on Paris, were
brought by passengers arriving at this
port on a French steamship recently.
One of the passengers, In a position to
know all the facts, declared that more
than 200 men, women and children
had been killed, that 60 fast Gothas
had taken part In the raid and that
over nine tons of explosive bombs had
been dropped during a two-hour siege.
One American ambulance driver
alone, according to a passenger, picked
up TO bodies during the night
"The Germans picked out the dnrk
est night In a long time to make their
raid," said this informant, whose name
cannot be divulged. "Their squadrons
cume over Vlncennes, and headed for
the heart of the city.
Fought In Dark.
"It was about midnight when the
popping of the antiaircraft guns woke
me and gave the first alarm. I looked
out, but nothing could be seen in the
blackness, except the flash of the de
fending batteries, In every part of the
city, and, occasionally, the sizzling
trail of a bomb.
"French machines had risen to the
attack at the first signal, but they
were greatly handicapped by the dark
ness. The rattle of their machine guns
could be plainly heard and there were
several clashes, but for the most part
the French filers went winging blindly
and at random through the dark.
"For two hours the city was pelted
with bombs: Hospitals were hit and
convalescent soldiers wounded. Fa
mous public buildings I am not al
lowed to tell their names, but they are
known all over the world were badly
damaged, and some of the famous
boulevards and public squares were
torn up as by an earthquake.
Death Toll Put at 248.
"From Information I gathered the
toll of death was nearer 245 than 45,
as the official statement says. An
American ambulance driver, a friend,
worked through the night with other
members of the corps, scouring every
part of Parts, for the whole city was
He Gives Poisoned Candy to the Wom
an Conductor of the Mo
torbuses. London. This city has a new kind
of criminal. He will take rank with
the "Ink squlrter" of New York and
possibly "Jack the Peeper." Thla new
est brand of criminal has been giv
ing poisoned candy to woman conduc
tors of motorbuses. He is described
as middle aged, of gentlemanly appear
ance and suave speech.
Several of his victims have been
taken unconscious to hospitals, but all
have recovered. At least a dozen young
women have received poisoned candy
from him and without exception they
have been taken violently 111 soon aft
er eating It.
His custom Is to wait until he is the
only passenger in the bus and then to
open a box of chocolates and invite
the conductor to help herself. Usu
ally the woman says she will, because
candy Is scarce and costly In London
and the conductors do not make hand
some wages. He usually asks the In
tended victim to take as much as she
wishes, and a moment or two after
ward leaves the bus.
AH the women say they could Identi
fy htm. The police are making a dili
gent search for him, but their search
does not prevent him from carrying on
his operations. There are thousands
of motorbuses In London, and the field
of operations Is therefore large.
Eight of Them Established In Trenches
Taken Over by the United
8tates Troops.
Chicago. Eight T. M. C. A. dugouts
have been established In the trenches
communicating with the battle line
which American boys In France have
Just taken over, It was announced here
by the National War Work Council of
the Y. M. C. A. At these stations
along the way to the front the Sam
mies are able to procure hot coffee or
chocolate and other edibles as well as
to mall letters to the folks back home.
Often, It Is said, the Y. M. C. A. sec
retary Is the last man to bid the boys
"So long" and the first to greet them
or dress their wounds when they come
The Y. M. C. A. has been charged
by both the French and American arm
ies with the conduct of the entire can
teen system In France.
Rich Man Seeks Service.
Denver, Col. Courtland S. Dines,
millionaire broker, of Denver, has
undergone an operation on the nose
and throat that he may qualify for
service In the aviation division of the
National army.
Raid On Paris
under fire. He picked up TO bodies,
In addition to scores of wounded.
"The next morning I found that
three of the bombs had fallen and ex
ploded on the doorstep of the house
where I was stopping, tearing great
holes six feet In diameter. I found
several unexploded bombs nearby, of
the shape of footballs, but consider
ably larger In size."
After the attacking squadron had
retired, according to the passengers,
It was found that one of the enemy
planes had been brought down. The
people of Paris, the passengers said,
were of the opinion that the raid was
by way of reprisal for what French
fliers had done over German cities."
South Carolina Legislator Waives Ex
emption and Enlists In the Ma
rine Corps.
Port Royal, S. C Side by side men
from various walks of life, Len A.
Scott, three times Republican repre
sentative from Hardin county, Ten
nessee, and minority floor leader In
the lower house of the last two legis
latures, fe rapidly learning the fine
points of Marine life.
He enlisted In the Marine corps re
cently for the duration of the war,
waiving exemption on the ground that
he was a state legislative officer, and
was sent to this station for prelim
inary training.
Scott is well known In political cir
cles, It being remembered that he was
the author of the first resolution in
troduced In the house of representa
tives, pledging support to President
Wilson when war with Germany be
came Inevitable.
United States Gunner on Transport
Says De Kalb Has Sunk
Many U-Boats.
Pittsburgh, Pa. Searching for his
sister, whom he has not seen for ten
years, Floyd Long, aged 33 years, gun
ner on the United States steamer De
Kalb, formerly a Pittsburgh boy, ar
rived In this city and shartly after
ward ascertained that his sister, Mrs,
Alfred Ward, resides at 1T0T Laporte
street His brother-in-law, wire chief
for the Bell Telephone company, HI
land exchange, met Long and the re
union of brother and sister followed at
the Ward residence.
Long related to them the story of
several battles with German subma
rines In which he has taken part He
asserted the De Kalb's guns have ac
counted for many U-boats and dis
played a medal for sharp shoo ting.
Brief Resume Most Important
Daily News Items.
Events of. Noted People, Governments
and Pacific Northwest and Other
Thingi Worth Knowing.
President Poincare has refused to
pardon Bolo Pasha, convicted of trea
son, acording to an Exchange Tele
graph dispatch from Paris.
The Belgian relief ship Ministre de
Smet de Naeyer, 2712 tons, sank on
Saturday in the North Sea. It is re
ported she struck a mine. Seventeen
of those aboard were saved and 12
were drowned.
Officials of the Dock Truckers' and
Warehousemen's Union in Seattle
Wednesday announced that their mem
bers had voted to strike next Thursday
morning if their demands for a wage
increase were not granted.
The official announcement Tuesday
that no casualties resulted from that
day's bombardment of Paris by the
Germans, says the Petit Parisien, was
not in strict accordance with the facts.
It affirms that there were victims
eight chickens.
M. W. Kirwin, Royal Flying Corps
cadet, was killed at Fort Worth, Tex.,
Tuesday afternoon on the eve of his
squadron's departure .for Toronto. His
home was in Nova Scotia. He was 21
years old. Kirwin was flying alone,
and no one saw the accident.
When subscriptions to the Third
Liberty Loan were called for at a
Washington theater Tuesday night, the
first subscriber was President Wilson,
who occupied a box in the audience.
Announcement that the President had
taken $1000 worth was followed by
prolonged cheering.
Another day, Tuesday, of lively sen
ate debate on the sedition bill which
would punish disloyal utterances and
attempts to hinder the army draft and
Liberty Bond campaigns, resulted in
the adoption of amendments designed
to meet the objection of senators that
the measure might prevent legitimate
criticism on the war.
The landing of Japanese and British
forces at Vladivostok and the Bolshe
vik objection to the move promise to
cause the State department some con
cern. When Japanese occupation of
Siberia was proposed recently this
government assumed a "hands off"
policy. The Russian National Council
of Soviets has announced its purpose to
protest to the United States against
the present step.
The masses in Austria are showing
signs that they consider their war
aims have been attained through the
signing of peace with the Ukraine and
with Roumania. Not only the labor
element, but also the bourgeoise, have
expressed their desire for immediate
peace. Emperor Karl has emphasized
twice his desire for peace in his mes
sages to the kaiser offering congratu
lations on the results of the western
With the nation entering the second
year of the war, congress works this
week on important legislation designed
to make its powers more effective at
the battle front and at home. While
the house gives right of way to bills
extending the draft law and other
army legislation, the senate's schedule
includes final disposition of several
bills aimed at German spies and
agents to curb mob law against dis
loyalists and to stamp out propaganda.
A revolution has broken out in
Southern Costa Rica, Jorge Volio has
invaded Costa Rica territory from Pan
ama and a force under him is attack
ing Villa Concepcion Perez, a town on
the frontier.
Miss Emma G. Mullen, of New
York, was killed in the Paris church
etruck by a German shell on Good Fri
day. This increased to five the num
ber of Americans who lost their lives
in the church.
In the week ended March 80 Teu
tonic submarines sank three Italian
steamships of more than 1500 tons and
destroyed one sailing vessel of more
than 100 tons and nine sailing vessels
of a tonnage under that figure.
Charles Cole pleaded guilty to a
charge of appropriating $12,000 worth
of Liberty bonds from the Federal Re
serve bank at San Francisco, where he
was employed, and was sentenced to
three years' imprisonment at McNeil's
Germany's bombardment of Paris by
long-range guns will only serve to
strengthen the resolve of the French
to resist toe last man if necessary to
Teutonic invasion according to a report
received at the State department from
Ambassador Sharpe at Paris.
There was a sudden and marked de
crease in the losses to British shipping
through mine and submarine in the
past week. The admiralty reports
that only six British merchantmen of
1600 tons or over and seven under that
tonnage were sunk in the week ended
March SO.
Conscription Linked With Long-Coveted
Measure Offered Ireland by
Premier Lloyd-George.
London David Lloyd George, the
British prime minister, Tuesday made
the boldest stroke of bis career by
coupling home rule for Ireland with
conscription of Irishmen.
This unexpected disclosure is an ad
dress by the premier in the house of
commons, in presenting the new con
scription bill to parliament, swept
aside all interest in the details of the
conscription scheme which already had
been forecast by the newspapers.
The premier said that the man-power
act would be extended to Ireland under
the same conditions as to Great Brit
ain and that a measure of self-government
for Ireland would be introduced.
It was announced in the home of
commons that the government had de
cided to extend the time for discussion
of the man-power bill until Tuesday of
next week. This was a concession to
a request of Mr. Asquith after a vote
had been taken and the bill had passed
its first reading amid cheering.
After the premier had delivered his
address, Mr. Asquith said that if, as
he believed, the gravest peril which
ever had menaced the empire was now
confronting it, there was no sacrifice
parliament was not prepared to make.
He appealed to the premier to give a
little more time for consideration of
the bill.
Ireland is the only subject talked of
now. The only question asked is, how
will the Irish parties and their British
sympathizers take to the new policy?
There was a test of strength in the
house of commons when Joseph Dev
lin, Nationalist, made a motion to ad
journ. The government then moved
and carried closure on his motion after
a brief debate by a vote of 310 to 85,
and Mr. Devlin's motion was defeated
by a vote of 323 to 80. A few pa
cifists voted with the Nationalists.
This preliminary vote means little.
Everything depends on the nature of
the proposals for self-government for
Ireland to be adopted, as the premier
said, "without violent controversy."
The first impression was skepticism
as to whether the War cabinet could
frame a measure which would stand
that test, and the fear that the country
might be plunged again into the old
fury of Irish quarrel while fighting for
its life against enemies outside its
It was because of this fear that the
Asquith government shelved the old
home-rule act and the Nationalists
have blamed that shelving for the fail
ure of more Irishmen to enlist.
Congress Asked for $50,000,000 to Es
tablish Concrete Plants.
Washington, D. C. Fify million
dollars will be asked of congress by
Chairman Hurley, of the Shipping
Board, for development of concrete
shipbuilding. The plan is to establish
at once five government yards two on
the Pacific Coast and three in the
The sites for the plants are already
under consideration and will be an
nounced shortly. The three in the
South will probably include one al
ready planned for Wilmington, N. C.
Transportation facilities and easy ac
cess to cement and sand will govern
the selections.
The first vessels turned out by the
government yards will be 7500-ton
tankers, both because of the shortage
of oil carriers and because, in the pres
ent Btage of concrete ship develop
ment, the board is more confident of
success with the tankers than with
general cargo craft.
German Caught Mapping Harbor.
Tacoma, Wash. Caught in the act
of drawing a map of Tacoma harbor,
showing location of shipyards, promi
nent lumber mills and warehouses,
John Nagley, aged 49, a German, is
held incommunicado at police head
quarters, while government agents in
vestigate. The German was captured in Fire
men's park, on the bluff overlooking
Tacoma harbor, by military police.
When searched Nagley was found to
have hidden in inner pockets a copy of
the Morse and Continental telegraph
codes, and a regulation army code of
flag signals for wig-wagging on the
battlefield. Another code of Greek
letters was found also.
Air Nets Protect Paris.
Paris Captive observation balloons
of the sausage type have been rising
over the region of Paris on recent
nights and there has been considerable
speculation regarding the purpose of
this move. It is now explained that
the balloons are used in connection
with a system of metallic nets as de
fenses against air raiders. The bal
loons first were sent up on the occasion
of the last attempted raid on Paris,
but the enemy having been fought off
before reaching the capital, the effec
tiveness of the system was not tested.
Aircraft Shake-up Hinted.
Washington, D. C Reports that
there will be an early reorganization
of the government's aircraft produc
tion machinery persisted here Wednes
day, although officials were reticent to
discuss the subject.
If changes are made, it was said
they will not come about until a report
is made by the commission headed by
H. Snowden Marshall, appointed re
cently to inquire into the organization
of the aircraft work.
War Department Asserts French
and British Upset Schedule.
Position of Allied Armies Declared to
Be Better Strategic Standpoint,
but Attacks are Expected.
Washington, D. C. French and
British tenacity has upset the ambi
tious plans of the German high com
mand for the battle of Picardy, says
the War department's weekly military
review Sunday night, and now the
enemy determined to get in some sort
of success at any coat, is throwing
fresh forces into the battle in an effort
to win limited objectives. Because of
this, the situation is expected to re
main uncertain for some time to come.
General improvement in the strate
gic position of the allies is noted, and
the review declares that under General
Foch the allied military machinery is
working smoothly and efficiently in
stemming the German assault.
There is no mention whatever of the
American troops reported hurrying to
the front to join the British and
French, though the department again
mentions that several American trans
port sections have taken an active part
in the battle and that the American
aviation service is co-operating with
the British artillery.
"At the opening of the third week
of the German offensive, we find that
the enemy is still far short of attain
ing his principal objectives," says the
"It is now evident that the Geqnan
high command contemplated over
whelming the British at the outset be
tween the Oise and the Sensee, and
driving a wedge into the Franco-British
"The enemy fully expected to
achieve a decision in the field in the
course of one great battle.
"Evidence of prisoners tends to con
firm that the enemy hoped to gain the
line of the Somme by the evening of
the first day of the offensive. As a
matter of fact, it took the Germans 10
days to cover the ground they expected
to overrun within 48 hours.
"Under the leadership of General
Foch, the allied military machine is
functioning with precise smoothness
insuring greatest economy, harmony
and efficiency in the use of all the
forces now united in stemming the
German assaults. The morale of the
allied troops remains high.
"The German offensive has not spent
itself and the situation will continue
uncertain for some time to come.
However, the general strategic posi
tion of the allies is becoming more
"After a period of relative calm
early in last week, during which the
enemy waB busy bringing up his heavy
guns and repairing the wastage of
battle by replacing tired units with
fresh troops, another powerful attack
was launched along the segment of the
line now held by the French, stretch
ing from the Amiens Roye road to
Grivesnes. The enemy was able to
make Blight headway. Fierce fighting
continues. Allied forces are massed
to check the invaders in this area.
"The Austrian armies, with the ex
ception of the few units operating in
the Ukraine or in the western area,
are now in the Italian theater""
Hun Future is Uncertain.
London The Birmingham Daily Post
says that if statements in Hamburg
newspapers are reliable, the prospects
of German shipowners after the war
are uncertain. It is considered prob
able that for some years they will
have difficulty in again obtaining a
foothold in several important trades
which they at one time almost monopo
lized. Commenting on the same subject the
London correspondent of the Liverpool
Daily Poet says German mercantile
marine, which aggregated 3,072,993
tons when the war began, has been de
pleted to the extent of nearly 3,000,
000 tons.
Shooting is Best Remedy.
St Louis Declaring that any per
son in the United States "who has en
joyed the privileges of our government
and still has the slightest pro-German
feeling, should be stood up against a
stone wall and shot at sunrise," Gov
ernor Gardner, of Missouri, opened the
Liberty Loan campaign in this state
with an address at a celebration here.
The ceremonies, which were postponed
Saturday on account of rain, were wit
nessed by what is believed to have
been the largest crowd ever assembled
in St. Louis.
Turks Drive in Caucasus.
Constantinople Turkish troops are
advancing over a wide front in the
Caucasus, says an official statement is
sued Monday by the Turkish war office.
Virtually all of Turkish Armenia has
been cleared of Russians. After vio
lent fighting, the announcement says,
the Turks occupied Ardahan and posi
tions west of Sarikamish, Russian
towns in trans-Caucasia, and crossed
the anciept Russc-Turkish frontier in
the direction of Batum.