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About The Maupin times. (Maupin, Or.) 1914-1930 | View Entire Issue (March 22, 1918)
Brief Resume Most Important
, Daily News Items.
COMPILED FOR YOU
Brents of Noted People, Governments
and Pacific Northwest and Other
Thing Worth Knowing.
All Abiline, Tex., churches will be
gin a series of prayer meetings to
pray for rain, and continue until the
extended drouth is broken,
Teenle Johnson, mother of Jack
Johnson, ex-champion pugilist, died in
Chicago Tuesday night. Jack is sup
posed to be in Barcelona, Spain.
Hawaii's second Red Cross drive
will be held in May. The date has
been as May 6 to 13, and the amount
to be raised has been set at $250,000.
The Delaware senate has ratified the
Federal prohibition constitutional
amendment by a vote of 13 to 3. It
passed the house last week. Delaware
is the ninth state to ratify the amend
Free moving picture shows at which
patriotic speeches and the doctrine of
buying war savings stamps will be ex
pounded is an idea worked out by the
Japanese war savings stamps Bales
committee of Honolulu.
Plans of the Coreans in Hawaii to
organize into military bodies, train
secretly and on a certain date secure
passage to Corea and there begin wag'
ing a war against Japan were disclosed
In the Honolulu Circuit Court in the
Corean riot case.
Because of a government order pro
hibiting the use of certain grades of
leather in the manufacture of army
Bhoes, several plants at Brockton,
Msbs., were forced to suspend opera
tions in some departments until the
matter 1b adjusted.
Men engaged in planting or culti
vating a crop are to be allowed by ex
emption boards to continue their work
until finished, although their draft
numbers are reached, according to or
ders received at Springfield, III, from
the War department.
Preparation of February pay allot'
ment and government allowance checks
for dependents of soldiers has been
delayed by receipt of more than 60,000
letters of inquiry concerning the pay.
ments, and two weeks more may be
required to complete the work.
Official hotice appears in the Otta'
wa, Canada, Gazette of an order in
council prohibiting the export of news
print paper and wood pulp from Can'
ada except under license. Licenses
are to be issued by the minister of cuS'
toms at the request of the War Trade
Mobilization of women workers for
industry and for the farms will be
taken up at a conference of women's
organizations in Washington March 25,
called by the. United States Employ
ment service. The aim is to build up
a reserve army to answer emergency
Wonderful reBults"in the curing and
treatment of leprosy by the use of an
oil extracted from an obscure East In
dian plant, known as "chuulmoogra,"
have been secured by the French gov
ernment in Tahiti and other Polynesian
possessions, according to Dr Felix
Gautier, chief, of the French govern
ment's medical service in Polynesia.
Joseph A. Suaskind and his brother,
Harry J. SuBBkind, collected $750,000
gross in tips for checking hats and
coats In New York restaurants and ho
tels in seven years, according to Btate
ments made in the Supreme Court in
Brooklyn, by Joseph, who asked for a
dissolution of the hat checking part
nership and the appointment of a re'
It is confirmed that the two Ameri
can engineers captured by brigands in
Northern liormn and held prisoner for
ransom are E. J. Pursell, of Philadel
phia or St Paul, Minn., and G. A.
Kyle, of Portland, Or.
A further extension of commercial
relations between Argentina and
France is provided for in an arrange
ment concluded by the French minister
for the purchase in Argentina of a
large amount of supplies.
Attacking over an 11-mile front on
the coastal sector in Palestine, East
Anglian, South Anglian and Indian
troops have advanced to an average
depth of three miles, according to an
official statement issued by the London
Young men of Jewish faith continue
to enlist in the Jewish battalion of the
British army, which is to fight for the
emancipation of Palestine from the
Turk. A second contingent of recruits
will leave New York for Canada and
thence for England March 21.
Lord Rhondda, the food controller of
England, speaking in London Thursday,
aid he hoped in April to be able to
give those engaged in hard physical
labor an increased meat ration of 50
per cent and those engaged in very
hard physical labor double the ordinary
ALLIES MUST ATTACK
Appearances Are That Much-Heralded
Western Drive Will Be Only De
fensive Campaign by Huns.
Washington. D. C The key to the
1918 riddle of the western battlefront
is in the hands of the supreme war
council at Versailles.
Decision as to the time and place
of niajor offensives ty the entente al
lies rests with that body. It directly
controls, officials here believe, a new
weapon forged during the winter with
which to make effective its plans of
grand strategy. That weapon is be
lieved to He in a pooling of the army
reserves of all the entente allies' ar
mies, permitting overwhelming con'
centratlons at selected points of at
American observers now are con
vinced that the Oerman high command
plans a defensive campaign and that
tne iong-taiKea-or drive on Fans or
the channel ports has been abandoned.
The initiative, according to this
view, rests with the allied and Ameri
can forces. Communiques are being
closely scanned for this indication of
any offensive operations mapped out
The supreme council was created
under the urgent insistence of Presl
dent Wilson for aggressive action this
year, based on co-ordinated plans and
under the direction of single agency,
The exact scope of the council's aU'
thorlty never has been disclosed. It
was said both by Premier Lloyd
George and by Lord Curzon, however,
In explaining the status of the British
Imperial general staff and the com'
mander in the field, Sir Douglas Haig,
that certain British forces had been
assigned to the council's control.
Decision by the war council, officers
here believe, as to the field where
these and similar forces from other
armies are to be concentrated will
show where allied blows at the Ger
man defenses are designed to fall. If
there is to be no German drive, as the
war department predicted In its week
ly war review, the council will not be
forced to hold its reEerves for defen
slve purposes and can devote this new
agency to attempts to smash weak
points in the Gorman line.
U. S. TO NEED $8,655,000,000
Third Liberty Loan Will Probably Be
Required to Yield Over Half.
Washington, D. C. Imminence of
Secretary McAdoo's announcement of
the size and interest rate of the third
liberty loan to open April 6 gave spe
cial importance Wednesday to a treas
ury announcement of government re
ceipts and expenditures from which
might be calculated with fair accuracy
the sum the government would need
before the end of the fiscal year, June
Outstanding features of these fig
ures, as unofficially analyzed, were
that war costs are not increasing from
month to month, as had been expected,
and that ordinary expenses and loans
to allies in the next three and one
third months probably will not be
much over $4,000,000,000. To this
must be added the necessary outlay
of about $3,155,000,000 to redeem cer
tificates of indebtedness now out
standing and maturing before June 30;
$500,000,000 for a railroad administra
tion revolving fund; $500,000,000 for
the government's capital in the war
finance corporation, whose creation is
expected soon, and $500,000,000 to pro
vide a current working balance at the
end of the year. These would make a
total of $8,655,000,000 needed between
now and June 30.
On the other side of the books might
be placed the $853,000,000 working bal
ance on hand today; $2,816,000,000 es
timated receipts from Income and ex
cess profits taxes and other internal
revenue sources; $75,000,000 estimated
miscellaneous receipts; $43,000,000 es
timated customs receipts; approxi
mately $200,000,000 revenue expected
from Bale of war savings stamps and
thrift stamps, and $500,000,000 to be
received in the. next three days from
a current Issue of certificates. These
would make a total of nearly $4,500,
000,000, which might be expected to
flow into the treasury from sources
other than the liberty loan.
Shell Droos Near Baker.
With the American Army in France.
While Secretary of War Baker and
his party were returning from the
American frontline trenches, a Ger
man 105-mtllimeter shell burst along
the roadside within 40 yards of the
automobile. The occupants of the car
were not injured, nor was the car
damaged. Secretary Baker remained
for an hour and a half in a frontline
trench on a certain sector under a
brisk enemy shellflre. He also visited
an advanced listening poBt and talked
with the officers and men.
"Captain" Hardy Returns.
Seattle, Wash. W. H. Hardy, of
Portland, Or., a veteran American
sailor, arrived here Wednesday from
Japan, where he recently made a
speaking tour. Hardy, who is known
in Portland as "Captain" Hardy, was
a sailor on one of the ships of the
American fleet which, under com
mand of Commodore Perry, visited
Japan 64 years ago. In his talks in
Japan Hardy recounted his early ex
periences in the far eastern empire.
He is sa years old.
Yankee Flyers Speed Up.
Rome. Two Amertrnn nvlntnm .
compllshed Wednesday a fast flight
from Foggla to this city, flying the
212 miles in 158 minntpn Tim avia
tors were Major Ryanra, commander
of the American flying corps at Fog
gla, who acted as pilot, and Captain
r rost, wno mane tne trip as observer.
Petrograd Awaits Huns.
.London. Occupation of Petrograd
by the Germans is only a matter of
hours, according to dispatches from
Hotrograd to several Wednesday morn
ing newspapers. The Russian capital
Is said to be assuming a waiting atti
tude and is not displaying the slightest
sign of organized resistance.
U. S. MAY HAVE TO
EAT LESS WHEAT
Food Authorities Contemplate
SUPPLIES ARE SHORT
Allies Have Been Prmised90,000,000
Bushels Between January 1 and
July 1, and Will Receive it.
Washington, D. C While the food
administration was making plans to
meet the critical wheat shortage by a
further reduction in consumption, the
senate again took up and debated
legislation to increase production by
raising the price on the 1918 crop.
The food administration was stirred
to action by reportB from the depart
ment of Agriculture showing that the
supply of wheat on farms and in coun
try elevators is far less than it was a
The senate considered a bill by Sen'
ator Gore, of Oklahoma, to fix the
price at $2.50, or 30 cents a bushel
more than set in a recent proclamation
by President Wilson. In the house
Monday also a bill was introduced by
Representative Morgan, of Oklahoma,
to appropriate $300,000,000 to compen
sate producers for the losses they sus
tained when the government establish
ed its 1917 prices at a figure lower
than the then market price.
Senator Williams, of Mississippi,
Democrat, opposed price-fixing legis
lation, declaring farmers Bhould be al
lowed a free market for their products.
The seriousness of the situation is
shown by a frank admission at the
food administration that existing flour
stocks are only 80 per cent of the nor
mal quantity needed until July 1.
Food administration officials thought
the department's estimate of 180,000,-
UUU bushels of wheat in elevators and
on farms March 1 was optimistic and
said their best information was that
125,000,000 bushels was the greatest
amount that could be expected.
The allies have been promised 90,-
000,000 bushels of grain between Jan
uary 1 and July 1. There is no inten
tion of failing to carry out this pro
gram which is regarded as the most
important duty now confronting the
Owing to shortage of transportation.
the greater part of the export program
remains to be carried out and the
wheat must be obtained from the scant
supply in this country by curtailment
of individual consumption.
Wheat holdings at country mills and
elevators on March 1 were estimated
by the department of Agriculture at
68,972,000 bushels. That is about 20,
000,000 bushels less than was held
March 1 laBt year, and 86,000,000
bushels less than in 1916.
PEACE TREATY IS RATIFIED
Final Action Taken by Bolsheviki to
Make Peace With Germany.
Moscow The all-Russian congress
of Soviets has ratified the peace agree
ment with Germany by a large major
A Bolshevik resolution approvine
the acts of the government of the
workmen's and soldiers' delegates and
of the peace delegation, and calling
lor organization of the defense of the
country by the creation of a national
army of both sexes was passed after
Lenine's restoration of peace among
the warring factions and his statement
that this action was the only way out,
intimating that the treaty might be
broken under changed circumstances.
The opposition, notably the Social
Revolutionaries of the left, made a
valiant but futile effort to prevent the
acceptance of the treaty, which was
characterized by the minister of jus
tice as being "anti-revolution and
He said that the Social Revolution
ary party repudiated the responsibility
for the acceptance of the treaty, would
resign from the government and devote
all its power and influence to the or
ganization of armed resistance to Ger
Hospital Fund Drive Near.
New York Inauguration of a na
tional campaign on March 26 to raise a
large fund for the establishment of
noepitais ana clinics in the entente
countries which will be manned
throughout by American women phy
sicians and surgeons and lay workers,
was announced here by the War Serv
ice committee of the Medical Women's
The amount of monev to he misml
for beginning the work is yet to be
announced. The fund will he axmmderi
under the Red Cross.
Maxim Shin te Be Tested.
Washington. I). C. HnH
im's device for a non-sinkable ship has
been accepted for experimental pur
poses by the Shipping Board, which
announces some start should be made
toward nroducinir vrmrI that: cnulH
not be sunk by submarines.
Out of thousands of methods sug
gested, the ship protection committee,
headed by John A. Donald, has se
lected several for special tests, of
which Mr. Maxim's will be first.
t IN BRIEF. 1
v v v
John Miller, 26, was Instantly killed
Tuesday forenoon at camp No. 22 of
the Hammond Lumber company, above
Mill City. Miller was setting rigging
when a snag fell and struck him.
The issues committee of the Treas
ury department Wednesday notified
Representative Sinnott it had author
ized the issuance of $100,000 worth of
bonds by the city of Ontario to make
water works improvements.
The women of the Red Cross of
Westlake, gave a dance in the dining
room of the Westlake Hotel March 9.
At midnight a lunch was served, after
which a cake was sold for $27.60. The
proceeds of the evening totaled $86.50.
The railway director's office in
Washington has requested Senator
Chamberlain to procure the full infor
mation regarding difficulties being ex
perienced by the Oregon Dairymen's
League in moving condensed milk to
Quotas of boys which each state is to
furniBh in the campaign to enlist a
Boys' Working Reserve of 250,000 for
the farms, was announced by the de
partment of Labor Tuesday night.
Wyoming will furnish 1500, Idaho
4000, Washington 15,000 and Oregon
The crop and labor survey of the
farms in Crook and Deschutes counties
just completed by County Agricultural
Agent R. A. Ward shows, among other
interesting things, the splendid man
ner in which Central Oregon farmers
have responded to the Nation's call for
increased wheat production.
Mrs. Catherine A. Perkins, well
known pioneer of the Cottage Grove
country, died Wednesday afternoon
after a short illness which attacked
here Tuesday night. Although she had
not been well for some time, she had
been about the city as usual the day
before. The funeral was held Friday.
Two barns on the farm of Mrs. Jen
nie Wallett, in Benton county, north
west of Albany, were burned Sunday
night. Sixteen tons of hay and small
quantities of wheat and oats were de
stroyed. As the barns were 60 feet
apart and the fires were discovered in
both at the same time, incendiarism is
Three golden stars will be the first
on the new service flag now being pre
pared for O. A. C. The big banner,
which is sufficiently large for more
than 1000 stars, will be dedicated late
in April. The golden stars are for
men who have given their lives for
their country, Gerald Barrett, Norval
Carnie and Verne Branland. At the
time of dedication a memorial service
will be held for members who died in
A stack of protests has been re
ceived by the State Highway commis
sion against not completing the full
21 miles of the Pacific Highway be
tween Salem and Aurora, the commis
sion having left three miles immedi
ately north of Salem out of calculation
for completion this year, although that
part of the project was also approved.
It is explained by the department there
is not money enough to complete all
of the work this summer, and that the
action taken has nothing to do with
political pull or influence.
The first dipping of all the sheep in
the state for tick since the big dip of
1907 is likely to take place this year,
State Veterinarian Lytle said recently.
A meeting of the Sanitary Livestock
board, scheduled for Corvallis, March
22, was postponed until March 28, and
will then be held at the Imperial Hotel
at Portland. The question of holding
the general sheep dipping this year
will be decided at the meeting. Under
the law the dip is to be an annual
affair, but may be suspended in any
year by proclamation. Prevalence of
ticky sheep is responsible for the move
A committee from the Umatilla
County war fund committee has been
named to prepare for a patriotic cele
bration in Pendleton on April 6, the
date of the beginning of the third Lib
erty Loan drivo.
Northwestern growers must thin
their, apples and irrigate them during
the coming year, in order to produce
larger sizes, was the message taken to
Hood River recently by Kenneth Mc
Kay, former manager of the Fruit
growers' Exchange, who spent the
past winter in the Middle West and
South, developing new markets for the
Northwestern Fruit Exchange.
Articles incorporating the Western
Dredging Exploration company, with
a capiat of $400,000, were filed at the
county courthouse in Baker Saturday.
The incorporators are T. A. Almstead,
Joseph Meksuvsky and T. L. Hubbard.
All is in readiness for the opening of
the Pacific Potato Starch company at
Beaverton. With the turnng on of
elecrtricity Friday the factory began
grinding potatoes, but the remainder
of the week was spent in making nec
The Public Service commission will
give full consideration to the report of
Engineer Cousin, of Portland, on the
Pacific Telephone & Telegraph com
pany's rates, and will also give him a
hearing if he wishes to appear, Chair
man Miller, of the commission, stated.
Columbia county has just let con
tracts for $30,000 worth of improve
ments on county roads. Included in
the year's work will be two miles of
the St. Helens-Nehalem road, which,
when completed, will make a direct
route to St. Helens from the rich Ne
Shall We Kill the Calf ?
By. J. OGDEN ARMOUR, Chairman Food, Fuel and ConiervarJon
Committee, Illinois State Council of Defense
1 There is a calf problem in this country and it has not been solved
by the plea to the American housewife to stop buying veal. Nor would
a law stopping the butchering of calves present the solution.
More calves were slaughtered during the past year than any previous
year. Thousands upon thousands of young animals capable of being devel
oped into good beef at a profit were vealed. Millions of pounds of meat
were thereby wasted. Whether the waste was actual or theoretical, this
fact stands out and stares us in the face: The present world meat shortage
might have been considerably alleviated had a wiser policy in the han
dling of calves prevailed during the past years.
There are two general kinds of calves and they require totally dif
ferent treatment. There is no excuse for the slaughter of beef calves
and there is no justification for the maturing of all dairy calves. The
problem is to raise all beef calves to maturity and to prevent the waste
of food by extended feeding of excess dairy calves. It is a waste of food
to raise dairy calves that are not to be kept for dairy purposes. There
is just as much need for slaughtering excess dairy calves when they reach
the veal age as there is for encouraging the farmers to mature their beef
It is difiBcu.lt to discuss calves without touching on baby beef. Baby
beef is economic from every angle. A great many of the beef calves which
were sent to the Fort Worth and Kansas City markets during the past
year were of the type that would pay if matured as baby beef. They aver
age around three hundred pounds, and in the hands of capable farmers
who had the necessary feed available, they could have been made into
eight hundred to one thousand pound meat animals before they were two
years old and at less cost than three years olds, because young animals
will make flesh out of a greater proportion of their feed than will older
By DR SAMUEL G. DIXON
Commiuioner of Health oi Penoiylvinia
The news of the loss of our trans
port reminds us of the way in which
we are to be robbed of our young
people during this war and should
awaken us, who
remain at home,
to the necessity of
guarding our lives
disasters no less
now on typhoid
must be carefully
watched as an en
emy. Old winter has
stored the filth of
the season on our
hillsides and along
the banks of the streams. With the
melting of the snow and Ice in the
spring, all of this filth will be washed
Into the streams and carried to our
waterworks. This will test the filter
plants to their capacities, many of
which have too small a margin to care
for an excessive flow of filth. Break
downs will occur and the people must
be prepared to protect themselves by
boiling water for domestic purposes
upon the first Inilcatlon of trouble
with their local water supplies.
In view of the above, the question
ought to arise In the people's minds,
with all the money that is being spent
in the beautifying of our cities, wheth
er or not it would not be wiser to use
this money for the enlarging and im
proving of the purification plants so
that our waters may be safe, and wait
a little longer for our boulevards and
parkways. We certainly must use all
known ways, and where possible, de
vise new ones, to protect the health of
the young population and to conserve
what we now have from unnecessary
American Soldiers Buried
, in Special Cemeteries in
France, Each Grave Marked
Word having come from Washing
ton that a new organization was be
ing formed, known as the Purple
Cross association, a body of undertak
ers who are anxious to go to France
to assume charge of the bodies of the
dead, the actual arrangements of the
army are worth mentioning, writes a
war correspondent. ,
The new association wishes to be al
lowed to follow the troops to the front
line to receive the body of every man
who is killed or dies from natural
causes and after embalming It, ship
it back to the States. This arrange
ment Is Impractical, as It would mean
that many ships probably would be
needed for this work.
The American expeditionary force
has a grave registration service, which
Is a division in the chief quartermas
ter's department At the head of this
department is a major of the regular
army, who is responsible for the prop
er burial of the American soldiers who
die In France and for the registration
and marking of their graves.
Two officers and 50 men in each di
vision do this work, and these
units will be Increased later on. Two
American cemeteries have already been
laid out in France and several smaller
ones have been plotted nearer the
front Each grave is marked with an"
Iron marker and in each Is deposited
the soldier with proper Identification.
In addition photographs and descrip
tions of the spot are made and sent
to the soldier's relatives at home.
Washington's Death Was
Caused From Diphtheria
According to Physicians
In most histories It Is stated that
George Washington .died from pneu
monia or quinsy, but Dr. J.. A. Nydeg
ger of the United States public health
service sends to the Medical Record
a letter written by !lr. Cullen Dick of
Alexandria, Va., on January 10, 1800,
which shows that "he undoubtedly
died of diphtheria."
The letter recounts the clrcura
stonces of Washington's last hours, the
consultations of the physicians in at
tendance, of whom Doctor Dick, the
writer of the letter, was one, and tells
how Dick urged that the sufferer's
trachea (windpipe) be cut open so as
to permit h.m to breathe. The other
doctors would not consent to this.
They had bled their august patient In
vain, and would not even give a name
to the disease from which he was dy
ing. It appears that Doctor Dick was
reluctant to acknowledge that there
had been an outbreak of croup in
Alexandria, and he would use only the
term "inflammatory quinsy" for that
with which Washington was afflicted.
Doctor Dick's description of the dis
ease, to which he proposed to give the
name "cynnnche laryngea," was one of
diphtheria; he did not use that word
perhaps because it had not yet been
I JUST TO LAUGH J
"Noah was out in the rain for 40
"It was easy work," replied Chesa
peake Bill. "All he had to do was to
stay inside the ark and let 'er float.
Now If Noah had been compelled to
fight the ice in an oyster boat for two
or three consecutive months, he'd have
had something to talk about."
Why His Head
his wife, "if some
bold man were to
kidnap me, would
you offer a re
ward?" "Certainly," he
responded. "I al
ways reward those
who do me a fa
vor." Hoped It Would Go.
Redd Going to the automobile
Greene Oh, yes.
"Are you going alone?"
"Well, I want my car to go If It wllL"
Thought Herself Qualified.
duced you to think
you were an act
ress?" "The reporters
alluded to me as
one," replied the
young lady stiffly,
Most Considerate. 1
"I don't mind lending yon this
money, Glipplngs, but I'm afraid mn
won't pay it back."
'My dear and only friend, I Insist!
on your letting me worry about that"
His Wife Knew Him.
Congressman-Elect Bill Smith
wants me to get him a job says that
ne votea ror me.
Wife And how can such a btme
head expect to hold down a job?