Image provided by: Hood River County Library District; Hood River, OR
About The Maupin times. (Maupin, Or.) 1914-1930 | View Entire Issue (March 1, 1918)
REMOUNT DEPOT SOLDIERS LEARN HORSE-SHOEING
Germans Advance Regardless of Peace
STIES IN BUZZARD
Agreement Citizens Ordered to
Dig Trenches for Defense.
Petrograd Blaring sirens awoke
! ill Jy
TlM iWlW 'A jMrjK'litfijxlaa-'-w- trfVii' ' T i" ' i ii ' '-ft ltl 1 1 1 T 'IT ' ""'-"'Y i WiVr Tr - 'f JMrti1Mt(iiifti'!fit ' ' Vr "iv y y iWiYrivW-'- - rntMiinKlH'
This photogrnpn snows a class of soldiers of the remount depot, No. 308, stationed at camp huucock, Augusta,
Qa., learning the not very gentle art of horse-shoeing. These men use the hoofs taken from dead horses to practice
on i each mun Is holding a hoof in his hand. They will soon sail to France to shoe Uncle Sam's horses over there.
RECORDS OF SEA
Shipbuilding Program Renews
Interest in the Performances
' of Old-Time Vessels.
PROUD OF OUR FAST SHIPS
Slippers That Outsailed Steamers
Showed Us How to Gain Mastery
of the Sea Some Remark
Washington. Much Interest has
teen shown by the public In the United
States shipping board's program of
building many fnst vessels for carry
ing supplies to France during the war,
and to transport freights, mail and
passengers as the vungunrd of the
great merchant murine that Is to be
maintained when peace returns.
National pride, Buy shipping experts
here, has always found strong expres
sion over the ability of the United
States to produce fast ships. It is
therefore nothing new for Americans
to watch the products of their ship
yards with swelling breasts.
Half a century and more ago the
whole country took pride In the rec
ords of American clipper sailing ships,
which led the merchant fleets of the
American shipyards then produced
vessels which made long voyages at an
average speed equal to that of the
steamships of their time. The sailing
records they established were never
iqualed by the ships of other nations.
These vessels were the direct prod
act of during experiments by Yankee
builders, who were never content to
rest on their laurels, which were many.
Bach yeur they excelled their previ
ous efforts, turning out flyers that
challenged the attention of the marl
The Flying Cloud.
One of the most notable American
vessels In the heyday of the clipper
ships wns the Flying Cloud of Boston,
which In 1851 miido the run from New
York to Sun Francisco, around Cnpe
Horn, in 80 days, 21 hours, establish
ing a record that has stood since. On
its voyage the ship sailed 874 miles
WEIGHING FOOD SCOUTS
"Hoys, you look bully I" said Col.
Theodore Roosevelt to twenty-four
boys of the diet squad of New York
Public School No. 42, who are Indulg
ing In an extra meal each day In an
tffort to gain weight The youngster
Ilk their Job, that of eating th spe
cially prepared meals of the food ex
pert!. The kiddles are being weighed
after their first week's diet ; In anoth
er month they will change from th
lightweight class to th heavyweight
clasa. The Colonel la showing the
keenest Interest In th weighing of
ech member of the diet squad.
FATHER IS WILLING TO
SACRIFICE HIS FIVE SONS
Washington. When George
Walter Plants of draft age, pre
sented himself before the exemp
tion board with his father It was
shown that he had two brothers
already in the service.
"No, sir," replied Plants Se
nior when asked If he wanted
exemption for the third son. "I
have two boys In the army and
I am willing not only to send
George Into the service, but have
two more boys at home you can
have if you need them."
in a single day, which exceeded by 42
miles the best day's run made by a
steamship up to that time.
In 26 consecutive days, on this voy
age, the Flying Cloud sailed 6,912
miles, an average of 227 miles a day, or
9 miles an hour. For four days, when
she made her best speed, she averaged
814 miles a day, or 12 knots an hour.
The ship's exploit was celebrated In
San Francisco with rejoicing, and the i
news of It gave pleasure to every
American who heard of It.
The next year the ship Sovereign of
the Seas from the yard of the same
builder, Donald McKay of East Bos
ton In the course of a voyage from
Honolulu to New York excelled some
of the dally runs of the Flying Cloud.
In four dnys In the South Pacific she
logged 1,478 miles, an average of 378
miles a day, or 15 miles an hour. In
11 days, between Murch 10 and 21, she
logged 8,562 miles, a dully average of
330 miles, and an hourly average of
13 miles. At times she sailed at a
speed of 10 miles an hour, which few
freight-carrying steamers today can at
tnln. Her best day's run was 424
miles, and showed an average speed of
17 2-3 miles an hour for 24 hours.
The Sovereign of the Seas also had
the distinction of having beaten a
steamer on Ave continuous days of
sailing, while on the pnssuge from
New York to Liverpool In 1853, and
also of making the unique run of
seven days from lund to lnnd, having
sighted Cape Race, Newfoundland, at
0 a. m. June 24 and Cape Clear, Ire
land, at 6 a. m. June 30.
Her best day's run was 344 miles on
June 28. In Ave days, June 25-30, the
ship outsnlled the Cunard liner Can
ada, which was making the eastward
passage from F iston to Liverpool, a
total of 325 miles. The best day's run
of the Canada wns 300 miles.
Greatest Day's Run.
The greatest day's run ever made by
a vessel under snll was accomplished
by another ship of Donald McKay's
build, the Lightning, on her maiden
voyage, from Boston to Liverpool, In
On the first day of Murch, when ap
proaching and rounding the north of
Ireland, In a strong gale from the
south, the ship logged 184 miles an
hour. Her lee rail was under water
and her jib and fore-topsnll, new,
strong sails, were Mown In shreds
from their bolt ropes. Such an exhi
bition of snll-cnrrytng rarely has been
recorded ns that on the Lightning that
day; and It wns dune prayerfully, for
her master, Captain Forbes, was a
At the end of the 24 hours the ship's
log showed that she hod made a day's
run with parallel, of 430 soa miles, or
more than 500 land miles.
This entitled the Lightning to the
proud distinction of being the fastest
ship that ever sailed the sea. There
was no steamship of her day that
could approach her record for a day's
mileage by 100 miles, and 29 year
passed before a steamer was produced,
th Arizona, then rated as an ocean
greyhound, that equaled her maximum
peed per hour.
Best remembered today of th Amer
ican clipper ships is the Dread
nought Sh was a packet ship, run
ning on regular schedule with pas
senger between New York and Liver
pool. There I tradition that in 18S9
ah created record of 9 day IT hour
from Sandy Hook to Queenstown, but
th story ha been decided to be myth-lci,
. The Dreadnought made many fast
passages, however, In the total of sev
enty to eighty credited to her. On sev
eral occasions she maintained a uni
form speed of 9 miles an hour from
shore- to shore. Her best eastward voy
age was 13 days 8 hours from port to
port, and her overage speed for Atlan
tic voyages was higher, probably, than
that of any other sailing ship.
The record of a clipper ship for
crossing the Atlantic belongs, how
ever, to the Red Jncket of New York,
which crossed In 1854 from Sandy
Hook to the entrance of the River
Mersey In 13 days and 1 hour. The
best passage In the opposite direction
was made In 1860 by the ship Andrew
Jackson, 15 days from the Mersey to
GIVES HAIR FOR COUNTRY
Sninson listened to a woman, cut off
his hair, and lost, literally, the sinew
of war. Now comcth a modern won
an, harking to the call of Uncle Sam'
sons, and cutteth off her hnlr to pro
vide said sinews. History simply sets
new music to old woi Js or vice versa.
The photograph shows Florence Mans
field, Boston's patriotic daughter, ready
to snip off her lovely hnlr to provide
material for rope to be used in the
making of a submarine tiller. Her
patriotic impulse wns original, spring
ing from the need of rope In the navy
as outlined to her by friends In the
United States Marine corps. She ha
very long tresses, and she can amply
spare some. She believes every girl
in the country ought to sacrifice l
lock of hnlr. She believes there is an
other use for hair more Important than
wearing It herself that Is for one of
our fighting men to wear It, In n wrist-
band or ring. Then, when our boy
get real lonesome "over there" nil they
have to do Is to tnke one long, linger
ing look nt that strand of liulr, and, a
they gaze, the winsome face of the girl
back home will rise before them, and
all will be right ngulnl Now, how
about It girls? Who will volunteer
for such a worthy cause?
SMALL BOY KNITS SWEATER
Ten-Year-Old Youth Gets Yarn Frcm
Red Cross and Turns In Fin
Chicago. A "Rauuiile," "soraewher
In the United States" or "soraewher
In France," Is today wearing a nice
warm knitted sweater and in all proba
bility dreamliiK of a henutlfui girl
"somewhere In the United States," who
knitted the sweater.
Clifford Hnmmrrberg, ten-year-old
schoolboy, was anxious to help th
boy fighting for Uncle Snm, went to
the Red Cross headquarters, obtained
some yarn and went home and knit
ted the sweater. It was returned to
the Red Cross and sent out with other
sweater for boy in the service.
NEW USE FOR PERISCOPE
Pennsylvania Man Install On In HI
Chimney to Spot Approaching
Knoxvlll. Pa. Albert R. Ballard
ha invented and Installed a periscope
In the chimney of hi home. When
ready to travel Ballard dta in hi din
ing room with hi eye at th periscope.
When th periscope show a car
speeding over nearby hill Ballard
don coat and hat, stroll to th corner
and meets the car just a It arrive
Brief Resume Most Important
Daily News Items.
COMPILED FOR YOU
Events of Noted People, Government!
and Pacific Northwest and Other
Things Worth Knowing.
There are numerous indications in
Germany of a systematic campaign to
promote a new general strike, says a
Vernon Booth, of Chicago, of the
Lafayette Flying Corps, in France,
brought down a German airplane in a
fight several miles inside the German
Nelson Morris, of Chicago, chairman
of the board of Morris & Co., packers,
26 years old and unmarried, has asked
exemption or deferred classification of
appeal board No 1.
The Carnegie Corporation has pre
sented McGill University, at Montreal,
with $1,000,000 in recognition of the
institution s devoted service and sacri-
nce.toward Canada s part in the war.
The American and Japanese embas
3S and the Chinese, Siamese and
Brazilian legations are leaving Petro-
grad for Vyatka, or Volnogda. If
necessary they will go to Vladivostok,
Walter Best, of Fairfax, S. C, f
negro, was taken from the sheriff and
two deputies by a mob and hanged to
a tree by the roadside, a short time
after he had killed William Weston,
young white man.
a loyalty resolution including an
amendment condemning Senator La
Follete for his attitude toward the war
adopted by the Wisconsin state
senate late Tuesday night by a vote of
26 to 3. The resolution will now go to
the lower house.
Alleged to be an agent in the United
States for German interests which
have been seeking to corner the
world's wool market, Eugene Schwerdt,
a wealthy wool merchant of New York
and Boston, was arrested Tuesday as
an enemy alien and will be interned.
The navy's appeal for "eyes" for
the watch officers has brought more
than 20,000 binoculars, spy gla
telescopes, sextants and chronometers,
Assistant Secretary Roosevelt stated
Tuesday. One day's receipts amounted
to 3000. However, more will be
The former Austrian steamer Lucia,
equipped with a new "non-sinkable"
system,ha8 sailed from a Gulf port
with a cargo. The steamer is equipped
with more than 12,000 air and water
tight cells, which the inventor claims
will keep the vessel afloat even should
she be torpedoed.
Meeting at the call of the govern
ment, representatives of capital and
labor began conferences in Washington
Monday to reach an agreement de
signed to prevent strikes and to assure
a maximum production during the war
of materials necessary to maintain the
American armies in France.
John Purroy Mitchel, ex-mayor of
New York, now a major in the avia
tion section, Signal Officers' Reserve
Corps, arrived in San Diego, Cal.
Monday with Mrs. Mitchel. Major
Mitchel came on orders of the War de
partment to report for flight duty to
qualify as reserve military aviator,
One hundred and fifty-seven soldiers
mostly German and Austrians
have been taken from the troops at
Camp Greene, Charlotte, N. C. Some
will be interned and others assigned to
troops which will not have service
overseas. Some are old men in the
service and other recent volunteers.
They come from almost every state.
A site at Sacramento, CaL, has been
approved by the War department for
an army aviation school
English naval airmen continued to
bombard docks, airdromes and other
target in Belgium, and hava account
ed for four German airplanes, th ad
miralty announced Thursday.
Mis Martha Van Rensselaer, of the
department of home economic, New
York College of. Agriculture, Cornell
University, ha been appointed head
of the division of home conservation of
th United States Food administration.
A German guardship stationed in
the Baltic near Langeland Island
(north of Kiel bay) ha been damaged
striking German mine, according to
a dispatch from Copenhagen. About
20 men ar auppoeed to have been
An agreement for revision of the
two most important provision of the
bill for a war finance corporation to
aid in the financing of war and con
tributory Industrie was reached late
Thrusday by Secretary McAdoo and
th senate flnanc committee.
The Austrian premier, Dr. von
Seydler, speaking in th reichsralh
Wednesday, entered Into long de
fense of the original treaty of peace
with Ukraine and announced subse
quent treaty appointing a commission
to defin th frontier of Ukraine and
sleeping Petrograd Tuesday evennig,
signifying to the inhabitants that the
Germans had entered Pskov. The
blasts of the whistles also sorted as a
summons to begin digging trenches for
the defense of the capital.
The district soldiers' and workmen's
councils of Petrograd were informed
over the telephone at midnight that
small German detachments had taken
possession of Pskov and were moving
A general mobilization of the work-
ingmen who are supporting the coun
cils was ordered, everyone being di
rected to report to the Semolny Insti
tute, the Bolshevik headquarters.
Motor cars were requisitioned and the
tramcars were kept running all night,
filled with soldiers and members of the
Red Guard, who were dispatched to
the various railroad stations.
Petrograd An official proclamation
issued Wednesday, calling upon the
people to defend the capital, says:
"In spite of the fact that the gov
ernment has accepted the peace condi
tions imposed by the German and Aus
trian governments, the imperialist as
sassins are, nevertheless, continuing
their monstrous advance into the in
terior of Russia.
'The cursed minions of William and
the German Kaledines, together with
the White Guards, are advancing
against and shooting the Soviets, re
constituting the power of the land
lords, bankers and capitalists and pre
paring for the restoration of the mon
"The revolution is in peril. A mor
tal blow will be struck against Red
Petrograd. If you workers, soldiers
and peasants wish to retain power and
the power of the Soviets you must light
theBe hordes, who now are seeking to
devour you to your last gasp.
The decisive hour has struck,
Workers and all oppressed men and
women, you must swell the ranks of
the Red battalions. To arms, all of
you! That the struggle may only
cease with your last breath."
THREE AMERICANS GASSED
Sammies Do Effective Work Against
Enemy Take Many Prisoners.
With the American Army in France
Three American soldiers were killed
and nine badly "gassed" in two form
idable gaB attacks made by the Ger
mans on the American positions in the
Toul sector early Wednesday morning
The enemy also heavily bombarded
the American batteries with gas
shells, but without results.
' Only the excellent preparatory train
ing in quickness by the American
troops prevented the projector attacks,
the first experienced by them, from
causing more casualties.
The attacks were made within 10
minutes of each other and were dierct
ed at a certain wood. Seventy five
eight-inch shells of 80 per cent gas and
20 per cent high explosive Bhells were
fired by German minenwerfer. The
flight of the projectiles was traced
through the air, the gas Bhells burst
ing in the air and the high explosive
denotating when they came in contact
with the earth. Large fragments of
shells flew from both missiles.
The gas caught some of the men be
fore they were able to adjust their
masks and overcome others while they
were asleep in dugouts.
Germans Lose 75 Plane.
London Seventy-five enemy aircraft
were brought down by the Royal Fly
ing corps on the western front from
February 1 to 22, according to an an
nouncement by the British air minis
try. During the same period 39 enemy
aircraft were driven down out of con
trol and eix were brought down by
anti-aircraft defenses. Against these
120 machines of the enemy, says the
statement, 28 of the allies are missing.
On the Italian front, since the arrival
of the British airmen to the present
time, 58 planes have been destroyed.
Tremor Felt In Montana.
Biamark, N. D. The Northern Pa
cific operator at Glendive, Mont, Tues
day evening reported a violent earth
quake of three seconds' duration.
Large buildings quivered, he said.
Weather Observer O. W. Roberts
here is inclined to believe the quake
was caused by the breaking up of huge
masses of ice in the Yellowstone river.
The shock, he reports, is frequently of
sufficient severity to cause quakes ex
tending over a limited territory.
New Seram i Discovered.
Pari Professor M. A. Vincent, of
the Academy of Medicine, who became
widely known through the discovery of
a serum for the treatment of typhoid
fever, almost eradicating the disease
in the French army, announces he has
found a curative and preventive for
Malta fever. This fever is a type of
malaria prevalent in South Africa and
along the Mediterranean.
Cora Trading is Halted.
Chicago Th Chicago Board of
Trad lata Wednesday afternoon
stopped all trade in corn for delivery
in store by grade alone In Chicago in
the month of February. The settle
ment price for this delivery wat set at
Florizel Hits Near Cape Race;
44 Are Saved.
RED CROSS ON BOARD
Doomed Ones Appeal for Aid to Help-
leu Watcher Ashore, Until En
gulfedCling to Masts.
Montreal, Quebec The death list of
the wreck of the Florizel is given at '
102 in a report from the Cape Race
agent of the Marconi Telegraph com
pany received here Monday. The total
number saved is reported as 44.
St Johns, N. F. The Red Cross
liner Florizel, from St Johns for New
York by way of Halifax, with 140 per
sons aboard, including 78 passengers,
piled up on the ledges near Cape Race
during a blizzard Sunday and it is be
lieved that all on board were lost
Naval gunners sent on a special
train from this city shot a line across
the bow of the partly submerged ship
Sunday night, but waited in vain for it
to be hauled aboard.
Just before darkness blotted the
wreck from view, five men, driven
from the forecastle by the giant seas,
were seen to climb the forward rig
ging, signaling feebly for help. But
when they failed to make fast the line
it was feared they had succumbed to
the cold and exposure.
Those five were the only ones visible
on board several hours after the ship
The ship was in command of Cap
tain W. J. Martin, one of the foremost
skippers in the New Foundland trade.
He took the Florizel out of St Johns
and almost immediately ran into a ter
rific blizzard with all the accompani
ment of blinding snow and a heavy
gale, reaching at times to hurricane
It is supposed that the captain mis
judged his position, after driving the
ship through the night against the
storm, and that wind and tides had set
him back more than he calculated, so
that when he swung to the westward,
thinking he had cleared Cape Race, he
brought up hard on the rocka. His
reckoning had been off by approxi
mately 20 miles, an occurrence by no
means infrequent during blizzards in
GOOD NEWS TO WHEAT MEN
Hvr Fixe Water Rat Frem Pert
land to New York at $3.5.
For wheatgrowers of the Pacific
Northwest, after long contention for
the justice of a price on parity with .
Chicago, there is gratifying assurance
in an official message from Herbert
Hoover, received at Portland Sunday
by W. B. Ayer, Federal food adminis
trator for Oregon, which definitely an
nounces the establishment of a S3. 60
water rate from Portland to New
York, and an approximate parity price.
Apparent disparity between the basic
price of $2.05 for Portland wheat, re
cently decreed by proclamation of the
President, and identical with that fixed
last year, 'will be set aside by the '
shipping board's agreement to carry
Northwestern wheat in government
vessels at the $3.60 rate, which auto
matically insures local grower a basic
compensation of approximately $2.18
Wheatgrowers of the Northwest
confronted with the choice of believing
that their right and wishes had been
disregarded, or that the administration
was not closely in touch with the aims
of Federal Food Administrator Hoov
er, have the key to the riddle in the
"The shipping board ha undertaken
to transport excess production of
wheat Jor flour," reads the Hoover
message, "from the Pacific Coast in
government vessels, and has made a
rat of $6 for flour and $3.50 for
wheat In consequence, the Food ad
ministration will be able to raise the
price basia for the 1918 harvest at Pa
cific Coast port to approximately the
Stockton Imports Snow.
Stockton, Cal. Two carloasd of
snow will be brought here from the
Feather River canyon, in the high Si
erras, for a big society "circus," which
will be held during this week-end. Op
posite the theater where the circus
will be staged there will be a row of
sideshows in what will be known as
the "trenches," and at one of these
ther will be an effigy of the kaiser,
and snowballs will be sold to all who
want to Uke a "wat at Bill " Other
features are to be included in the fes
tivities, with the snow a a novelty.
Weel Price la Balance.
Salt Lake City Th Federal gov
ernment will not fix the price of wool,
according to information received here
from S. W. McClure, secretary of the
National Woolgrowera' association,
who la in Washington. A number f
reports had reached th woolmen of
the West to the effect that the govern
ment, in all probability, would under
take to establish a price for the wool
clip of 1118, and Secretary McClur
want U Washington to investigate.