The Maupin times. (Maupin, Or.) 1914-1930, November 23, 1917, Image 2

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    WORLD HAPPENINGS
OF
Brief Resume Most Important
Daily News Items.
COMPILED FOR YOU
Erenti of Noted People, Government!
nd Pacific Northwest and Other
Thing Worth Knowing.
To provide additional cattle feeds,
Internal Revenue Commissioner Roper
has ordered distilleries producing non
beverage spirits to save the grain resi
due. Paris children In orphan asylums of
soldiers who were decorated with the
military medal have received a dona
tion of 20,000 francs from Marshal
Joffre.
Thirty-six additional contracts for
the construction of steel merchant
ships will be let by the Shipping Board
this week. This will bring the total
number signed to about 660. Wooden
ships building number more than 460.
An explosion in the government
powder house at Beaton, B. C, Tues
day, killed August G. Fraser, Beaton's
postmaster and road superintendent.
Fraser had charge of the powder house.
Officials think a spark from his pipe
caused the explosion.
Investigation of charges that waiters
, employed in first-class Chicago hotels
are alien enemies, agents of foreign
espionage corps, eager to glean infor
mation from the men of affairs they
served, was ordered Tuesday by the
Chicago Federation of Labor.
Premier Clemenceau and his asso
ciates in the new Paris cabinet decided
Tuesday upon the terms of the declara
tion with which they will go before
parliament. It is described as a sim
ple, straight forward and almost la
conic document of about 600 words.
The sale of the Boston Advertiser
to William Randolph Hearst was an
nounced Tuesday by Charles Sumner
Bird, president of the Advertiser
Newspaper company. The sale does
not include the Boston Evening Rec
ord, published by the same company.
Lassen peak, in recent years the
only active volcano in the United
States, is dying, according to a report
brought to Redding, Cal., by three
men who have just made the ascent of
the mountain. Its cauldron, which
for three years had ejected steam and
sulphurous smoke, was turning into a
cavern of ice, they said, adding that
anyone may now walk safely through
the main chamber of the crater.
The London prize court has con
demned as lawful prizes large quanti
ties of foodstuffs and black walnuts
seized in 1916 on seven Scandinavian
steamships. The consignees in every
case were Crossman & Silecken, of
New York. The court condemned
Japanese imperial bonds valued at
$79,000 found in a suitcase on a Nor
wegian steamship bound from Bergen
for New York, and which were of
German origin.
Plans for placing war savings
stamps on sale in at least a million
establishments for the campaign open
ing December 3 have been made by
Treasury officials and the war savings
committee. Schools and groceries,
cigar stands and other retail stores
will not be requested to buy the
stamps, but may obtain them on con
signment for Bale. This is expected
to result in participation in the move
ment of thousands'of small dealers.
A dispatch from Tornea, Finland,
states that Siberia has declared its in
dependence and called ex-Emperor
Nicholas as emperor.
A petition urging Federal author
ities to close the German school that
Is conducted at Sheridan, Or., is being
signed by many Sheridan residents.
The Bigners take the stand that the
conduct of the Bchool tends towards
clannishness, secrecy and prejudice in
favor of Germany. The school has
been regularly conducted in the Ger
man Lutheranjchurch of Sheridan for
Beveral years and is quite largely at
tended. Confiding news dispatches from
Petrograd make it impossible to deter
mine whether Kerensky or the Maxi
malists are in control.
The Germans met with a complete
defeat at the hands of the British
Wednesday in Flanders. Following
upon the increased activity of artillery
already noted, the Germans attacked
the positions held by British troops on
the high ground north of Passchen
daele. The attack was repulsed com
pletely. The 1917 coal shortage is put at 50,
000,000 tons in estimates completed by
the fuel administratoin. Although
production of bituminous and anthra
cite together has jumped 60,000,000
tons, consumption, It is declared, has
Increased at least 100,000,000 tons.
Delegates representing the coal min
ers of Missouri, Oklahoma, Kansas and
Arkansas In convention in Kansas City
voted to reject the "automatic penalty
clause" insisted on by H. A. Garfield,
Federal fuel administrator, as a part
of their working agreement. The vote
waa 185 to 167.
CURRENT
WEEK
U. S. TAKES AZORES
America's Aim, Berlin Writer Declares,
Ib to Get Full Control of Trade
Route to Panama Canal.
Amsterdam Writing in the Berlin
Neueste Nachrichten, the German Vice
Admiral Kirchhosef says:
"The United States has established
herself on the Azores and constructed
fortifications at Punta del Gada. The
Azores are situated about two-thirds
of the way between America and
Western Europe, and their occupation
is Important in connection with the
transportation of the American army
to Europe.
"The Azores are connected with
both mainlands by cable. Wireless
stations which have long ranges are
assisting in constant communication
between the army, the transport fleet
and the home government.
"A further aim of the American
government in this connection Ib its
desire to secure control of the great
trade routes from Europe and North
Africa to the Panama canal and the
possibility of dominating the routes in
future wars. By possession of the
Azores the United States will be able
to threaten the moBt Important Ger
man world ship routes and interfere
with connections with Germany's colo
nial possessions."
Washington, D. C Official denial
was made Monday night that the
United States had taken possession of
the Azores. Receipt of cable dis
patches that German Vice-Admiral
Kirchhosef had made such an assertion
recalled to adminsitration official ru
mors which they denied some time ago.
The Azores are the property of Port
ogal, one of the nations allied against
Germany, and whatever military use
may have been made of them in com
bating German submarines which have
operated in that section of the Atlantic
would be a part of Portugal's contribu
tion to the common cause.
5 U-BOATS SUNK IN ONE DAY
British Premier Tells Commons of Big
Victory Last Saturday.
London Five German submarines
were destroyed on Saturday Premier
Lloyd George announced Monday in
the house of commons.
The premier told the house arrange
ments had been made to supply infor
mation in regard to naval matters to
the war council.
The premier said he had no further
fear of submarines.
No information was vouchsafed by
the premier as to the methods employ
ed by the British navy to capture the
submarines, but that means for curb
ing the U-boat menace have been made
more effective of late is recorded by
the ever-decreasing toll from U-boat
depredations.
Last week the admiralty announced
that the submarine losses were the
lowest since Germany announced its
campaign of ruthlessness, totaling but
one British merchantman above 1600
tons, and five craft below this tonnage.
Submarine losses of France and Italy
also showed a big decrease over past
weeks.
Sailor Hardy in Japan.
Toklo A visit to Japan by an elder
ly sailor named Hardy, who was a
member of Commodore Perry's expedi
tion to this country in 1853, Ib being
made the occassion of many manifesta
tions of friendship toward the United
States. Sunday the old Bailor went to
Kurihama to visit Perry's landing
place, and planted a pine before the
Perry monument.
Captain Hardy is perhaps the sole
survivor of the Perry expedition to
Japan in 1852-3. He left Portland
early in November for Tokio and other
points in Japan with the especial mis
sion of cementing the friendship of the
American and Japanese people.
Hoover Warns Housewives.
Washington, D. C Information has
reached the food administration that
persons in different parts of the coun
try are representing themselves to
housewives as government agents em
powered to commandeer foodstuffs.
Food Administrator Hoover, denounc
ing them as impostors, issued this
statement:
"I wish to say emphatically that
no department of the government has
or will ever make such demands on
householders and that all such people
are petty frauds and should he held for
the police."
War Methods Studied.
Washington, D. C. The Japanese
economic and financial mission of nine
members, headed by Baron T. Megata,
a Harvard graduate, conferred with
Secretary McAdoo and other treasury
officials recently preparatory to study
ing American methods of war finan
cing. The commission expects to Btay
in thie country for several months
making headquarters in Washington.
The principal purpose of the mission is
to broaden commercial relations be
tween the United States and Japan
and to increase trade after the war.
Governor Cuts Banquet
New York Governor Whitman has
announced that he will not attend pub
lic dinners or banquets for the dura
tion of the war.
"I wish to say, he declared, "that I
think it is wrong to have elaborate
dinners and banquets at this time.
While others are making such sacri
fices for the country, it seems to me
the least the rest of us who stay at
home can do is to deny ourselves un
necessary pleasures. "
SUPPLY SHIPMENTS
TO RUSSIA
Exports From U. S. Forbidden
Until Situation Clears.
CARGOES BEING HELD
If BoUhevjkl Should Gain Control and
Separate Peace Made, Embargo
Will Be Made Permanent.
Washington, D. C. No shipments
of supplies will be permitted to go
from the United StateB to Russia until
the situation in that country clears.
The American government, before al
lowing the export of goods already on
the docks, wants to know into whose
hands they will fall on their arrival.
If the Bolsheviki gain control and
pursue their program, calling for a
peace with Germany, the embargo will
be permanent.
The provisional government was
given credits amounting in all to
$325,000,000, of which $191,000,000
already has been advanced. Much of
this money has been spent for supplies
now awaiting shipment, and the Rus
sians have been given vessels for its
transport. Shipments will be held up
by denial of bunker coal to the ships.
Thomas D. Jones, vice chairman of
the War Trade board, called at the
White House Wednesday and conferred
with President Wilson. No state
ment was forthcoming, but it was be
lieved the situation was discussed.
The State department had no addi
tonal dispatch from Ambassador Fran
cis at Petrograd, but unofficial mes
sages coming from Sweden were that
General Kalednies, hetman of the Don
Cossacks, who held the master hand in
Russia through dominaton of the coun
try's coal and bread supply in the Don
Cossack region was marching with an
army on Varonez, 200 miles south of
Moscow,
Passengers arriving at the Swedish
frontier from Russia also reported that
soldiers were parading the Petrograd
streets bearing banners demanding a
constitutional assembly of all Russia
and declaring that the Bolsheviki re
gime was more tyrannical than that of
Nicholas. The passengers believed
the present revolutionary government
must fall through lack of support of
the principal parties.
ALIEN ENEMIES ROUNDED UP
President's Proclamation Protecting
Shipping Put Into Effect.
Washington, D. C. A roundup of
suspected Germans, mainly in seaport
cities, was in progress Tuesday, under
authority of President Wilson's new
proclamation forbidding alien enemies
within 100 yards of docks, requiring
their registration and imposing other
restrictions on their movements.
The intelligence bureaus of the army
and navy have charge of making most
arrests of Germans not evacuating the
new barred zones. The department of
Justice will receive prompt reports
and after allowing for full hearing
will determine those to be interned
permanently.
Only a small percentage of the half
million unnaturalized German men af
fected by the President's proclamation
will be arrested, officers explained, in
discrediting rumors of the arrest and
imprisonment of many thousands.
A few Germans left Washington in
compliance with the President's order
making a barred zone of the District
of Columbia, but the exodus attracted
little attention.
Rules to govern registration of alien
enemies were practically completed by
Attorney-General Gregory Wednesday
and will be promulgated shortly. It
was said that the attorney general
might not exercise immediately the
authority given by the proclamation to
require Germans to report regularly to
public officials.
Within a few weeks the department
of Justice expects to 'extend the 100
yard barredjzone to a number of manu
facturing plants, and the result will
be to throw some Germans out of em
ployment, but no widespread disturb
ance in the industries is expected.
Cavalry Arm to be Reformed.
Washington, D. C The expostula
tion by the young men of the army
have had effect, and the cavalry arm is
to be re-established. The war college
is working on a plan for a new cavalry
division, to consist of either 17 or 26
regiments.
Four-fifths of our cavalry, the best
cavalry in the world, was transformed
into artillery, partly because that arm
was greatly needed at the front and
partly because the advent of trench
warfare seemed to have eliminated the
horse soldier from the game.
U. S. Transport is on Fire.
An Atlantic Port Fire broke out in
the hold of a United States transport
tied up at a pier here early Tuesday
morning and was not under control at
2 o'clock. A guard of soldiers was
thrown about the pier and local fire
men were permitted to pass only when
it was found that the ship's crew
could not combat the flames. The fire
was discovered among a quantity of
foodstuffs stored in the hold. Its
cause has not been determined.
& ,0 Preparing
Two Thanksgiving
Proclamations of
Revolutionary Days
THE lastThanksglvIng proclama
tion of the revolution was re
ported to congress October 18,
1783, by Dunne, Samuel Hunt
ington and Holten. It was written by
Mr. Duane and given to the people on
the second Thursday In December. It
expresses thanks for the discharge of
troops In the following words :
"Whereas, It has pleased the Su
preme Ruler of all human events to
dispose the hearts of the late bellig
erent powers to put a period to the
effusion of human blood, by proclaim-1
lng a cessation of all hostilities by
sea and land, and these United States
are not only happily rescued from the
dangers and calamities to which they
have been so long exposed, but their
freedom, sovereignty and Indepen
dence are ultimately acknowledged;
and, whereas, In the process of a con
test on which the most essential rights
of human nature depended the Inter
position of dlvlno providence In our
favor hath been most abundantly and
most graciously manifested, and the
citizens of theso United States have
every reason for praise and gratitude
to the God of their salvation ; . . . the i
United States in congress assembled
do recommend It to the several states
to set apart the second Thursday In
December next as a day of public
thanksgiving."
The first national Thanksgiving to
be promulgated after the adoption of
the Constitution of the United States
was written by Washington and Issued
on October 3, 1789. This was a gen
eral recommendation of thnnksglvlng
for the establishment of the Constitu
tion. The whereabouts of the original
of this Instrument Is unknown. The
earliest Thanksgiving proclamation of
Washington ns president In the pos
session of tho department of state Is
one dated January 1, 1795, and was
Issued In view of the suppression of
the rebellion In western Pennsylvania,
which for a time threatened the safety
of the union.
This document was written by Alex
ander Hamilton, secretary of the treas
ury, and bears amendments by Ed
mund Randolph, secretary of state.
The original copy Is yellow and the
Ink Is faded, but It Is yet legible. It
Is the engrossed copy which bears the
great seal of the United States and the
signatures of Washington and Ran
dolph. The proclamation Is as fol
lows :
"When we review the calamities
which afflict so many other nations,
the present condition of the United
States affords much of consolation and
satisfaction. Our exemption hitherto
from foreign war, an Increasing pros
pect of the continuance of that exemp
tion, the great degree of Internal tran
quility we have enjoyed, the recent
confirmation of that tranquility by the
suppression of an Insurrection which
so wantonly threatened It, the happy
JUST THE THING
USE
Dfl.SUMMS
'ANTI-,
NtvfiR fails'.
"H'm, I guess I'll get about a barrel
of that stuff."
Heavy Responsibility
course of our public affairs In general,
the unexampled prosperity of all class
es of our citizens, are circumstances
which peculiarly murk our situation
with Indications of the divine benefi
cence toward us. In such a state It Is
an especial manner our duty as a peo
ple, with devout reverence and affec
tionate gratitude, to acknowledge our
many and great obligations to almighty
God, and to Implore him to continue
and confirm the blessings we expe
rience. "Deeply penetrated with this senti
ment, I, George Washington, president
of the United States, do recommend
to all religious societies and denom
inations, and to all persons whomso
ever within the United States, to Bet
apart and observe "Thursday, the 19th,
day of February next, as a day of pub
lic thanksgiving and prayer, and on
that day to meet together and render
their sincere thanks to the great ruler
of nations for the manifold and signal
mercies which distinguish our lot as
a nation, particularly for the posses
sion of constitutions of government
which unite and by their union estab
lish liberty with order, for the preser
vation of our peace, foreign and do
mestic; for the seasonable control
iklch has been given to the spirit of
disorder In the suppression of the late
Insurrection."
Belongs to All Humanity.
Essentially our American Thanks
giving Is least American of our holi
days, for the simple reason that It Is
too human to be merely American.
There were no most human things left
for the New England fathers to orig
inate. They are lmmeraorlally older
than this country. There are no orig
inal ways of expressing gratitude. All
the pathways of thanksgiving are very
old paths. James Lane Allen In ilun
sey's Magazine.
Make Use of God's Gifts.
"AU that I have Is thine," says God
to us earth and sun and rain and
crops. Let us use them all the year
for all they are worth.
Season for All to
Magnify Blessings
and Forget Crosses
WE CELEBRATE that great
holiday, Thanksgiving, at
this season. In the gay
round of pleasures the day
always brings, perhaps not one of us
will stop a moment and seriously look
back over the past year, now rapidly
drawing to a close. Many of us In y
fact, all of us should pause a moment
and quietly review the past mouths.
Perhaps these months brought us
many trials, but they also brought us
many blessings. It Is the blessings we
should itemize and magnify and for
get the crosses. We may sigh dis
contentedly and say, "Well, last year I
had many more reasons to be thank
ful than I have this year," but If we
are fair and honest with ourselves we
will have to admit that, even If
troubles came our way, the blessings
that followed them were far greater
In number.
Who has not read the story of that
first Thanksgiving Day? Fancy a J
woman In these times enduring the
hardships and worries those strong
hearted New England pilgrims en
dured; and what a wonderful lesson
In unselfishness they have handed
down to us I
Argue and elaborate as we will on
our burdens, we know fate has been
good to us. Life Is not all sunshine.
If It were we would very soon grow
tired of life. Disappointments, set
backs, dlsilluslonments come to every
one, and we must expect they will
come to us. Indeed, we have no voice
In the matter. They will come to us
as surely as day follows night ; bat do
we accept them patiently? That is
another story.
Many women look only on the dark
side of life. "What's the use?" they
say dejectedly. "Everything I try to
do turns out a failure." There Is a
tiny breath of selfishness here. "I" Is
very prominent In these women's
thoughts. Perhaps If they did some
thing worth while for someone else
their work would be crowned with
success. Doing something for another
has never yet turned out a failure.
There Isn't a case on record showing )
where failure has followed a kind deed
done for another. Perhaps this other
did not appreciate the efforts taken in
her behalf, yet the fact remains that
the woman who put herself out to
make another woman happy expe
rienced a wonderful happiness herself.
New York Evening Telegram.
VERY POPULAR
The Duck My, I'm getting popular.
The whole family Just watch me all
the time.
Feast Without Gorging.
I
Thanksgiving day Is devoted to
many pleasant activities in social Ufe
In the pursuit of health and amuse
ment, but of old It waa a day
of heartfelt thanksgiving, first of all,
and so It should always be, and espe- v
dally so It should be this year. It Is '
a feast, but why should the feast be
gorge)