The Maupin times. (Maupin, Or.) 1914-1930, October 12, 1917, Image 2

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    CAMOUFLAGE COW DOES HER BIT IN THE WAR
HAIL OF BOMBS
Thin "cow," though It Is only a fnbrlciited creature of wood and painted
cloth, Im doing its bit to help win the war. A camouflage artist has done his
work well and what appeurs to be an Innocent scene of a cow peacefully
grazing is really a painted lure to conceal a roofed-over battery. The cow
Is standing on the roof.
never knew what happened to him, as
his body was torn to shreds. The next
two fell a hundred feet beyond, in a
ward in which there were many pa
tients, and the last struck the recep-
uuu iiir. uvernenu there was no
sound. Tin! German aviator flew too
high to be heard, but he left his Iden
tity behind hlm, not only In the bombs
he dropped, but in the derisive handful
of pfennings he scattered upon the hos
pital as he whirled away. A number
of these were found when light came.
Hit by Bomb Fraoments.
"Lieutenant McGuire, who was In a
tent adjoining that of Lieutenant
Fltzslmons, was struck by three bomb
fragments, but was not seriously
wounded. His escape was narrow, as
there were more than a hundred holes
cut in his tent. Lieutenant Smith was
struck in the knee and Lieutenant
Whldden in the chest while In their
tents in the office section of the quad
rangle. The private soldiers inlured
were on duty as orderlies in the recep
tion tent, and the bomb fell almost
upon them. So severely was Trlvnte
Aubrey S. McLeod Injured that it was
necessary to amputate both his legs.
"Although the explosion , of the
Show Rare Pluck When Hospital
Is Attacked by German
h Airmen.
4 KILLED AND 32 WOUNDED
Major Murphy, Red Cross Commission
, er, Cablet Full Details of Disas
ter to H. P. Davison Show
Speed In Emergency.
Washington. The manner In which
. the Harvard unit's base hospital In
France was attacked by a derman air
plane, with the result that several
Americans were killed and wounded,
was described In detail In a long cable
message received here by Henry P.
Davison, chairman of the American
Ked Cross war council, from MaJ.
Grayson M. Murphy, Red Cross com
missioner in Europe. The message fol
lows :
"An American Red Cross Inspector
who has Just returned to headquarters
In Paris has brought from the United
States army base hospital unit of Har
vard university, one of the many simi
lar Institutions on the surgical supply
list of the American Red Cross, a de
tailed narrative of the bombing of that
hospital on the night of September 4
last, and of the characteristic pluck
and promptness with which the emer
gency was met. Five bombs were
thrown, the explosions Instantly kill
ing Lieut. William F. Fltzslmons of
the Medical Olllcers' Reserve corps,
United States army, and three army
privates, and wounded Lleuts. Clar
ence A. McGuire, Thaddeus D. Smith
and Rea W, Whldden, O. R. 0., U. S.
A. ! six privates, a woninn nurse and
2 patients from the British lines who
were under treatment there for
wounds.
Attack Occurred at Night,
"The airplane attnek occurred at 11
o'clock at night. Just at that time
fortunately no convoy of wounded was
being received or the list of casualties
would have been far greater, as one
of the bombs fell Into the center of
the large reception tent to which the
wounded are first homo for exami
nation. Ten seconds suffered for the
dropping of the bomb from the first
flying plune, and within less than a
minute afterward the surgeons of the
hospital were at the task of collecting
and attending those who had been
struck down. And for 24 hours they
were at work in the operating room,
one surgeon relieving unothcr when
the latter, from simple exhaustion,
could work no longer. The very next
day, Just as If nothing had happened,
these same surgeons were called upon
to receive and care for 200 wouuded
sent In from the trenches of the Brit
ish expeditionary force.
"The hospital, which Is on the
French coast, has 1,800 beds, and is
under canvas In a quadrangle 800 feet
square. It Is In a district In which
there are many similar institutions,
and is unmistakable as a hospital. At
the time the German aviator flew over
It most of the surgical staff was en
gaged In making rounds of the wards.
Lieutenant Fltzslmons, however, was
standing at the door of his tent. There
had been brief warning of the pres
ence of a bombing airplane In the
neighborhood, because a quarter of a
minute before the Bound of exploding
bombs was heard from a point perhaps
200 yards from the hospital. This
warning sufficed to cause all lights in
the tentB to be extinguished Immedi
ately, and those who had been under
Ore before threw themselves face down
upon the ground.
"Then came five explosions In rapid
succession In the hospital Itself. The
first two were directly In front of Lieu
tenant Fltzslmons' tout. He probably
bombs caused horror In the hospital,
there was not the smallest sign oi
punlc, and the work of discovering th(
wounded and collecting them was Im
mediately begun. This was made
doubly difficult by the darkness,, bu'
everyone sprang to It with a will
Many of the injured had been blown
from their cots, some even outsldf
their tents, where they were fount"
tangled up In the tent poles. The
American nurse, although struck In tht
fuce by a fragment of steel from the
bomb, refused to be relieved, and re
mained at her task courageously to
the end. A hospital orderly whe
worked untiringly was found later to
have been struck in the head by a
fragment and painfully Injured. He
hud Just tied up his head and gone on.
"In the operating room Capt. Horace
uinnoy anu Elliott with their assist
ants worked all night. Several deli
cate operations were performed and
their task was made all the harder by
the fact that in Innumerable cases the
patients were In serious danger of In
fection from the pieces of wood and
nails and dirt which had been blown
Into their bodies.
"Lieut. Col. E. U. Pattison, IT. 8. A
commanding officer of the unit, and
MaJ. Harvey Cushlne. hend of tha r.
gleal force, the latter being at the
front at the time of the disaster, have
expressed the highest admiration for
the manner In which the emergency
was met. Lntest reports are that the
conutnon or the wounded Is progress
ing satisfactorily."
VORLO HAPPENINGS
OF CURRENT WEEK
PLOT IN TEUTON NAVY
Scheme Found to Form Committee of
Delegates to Force Peace Guilty
Summarily Dealt With.
Daily News Items.
COMPILED FOR YOU
Copenhagen Vice Admiral von Ca-
D.IoX n..... mil i i pene, uerman minister or marine, an
bnei KeSUme MOSt Important nounced in the reichstag Wednesday
that a plot had been discovered in the
navy to form a committee of delegates
on the Russian model and to paralyze
the fleet so as to force the government
to make peace.
The guilty parties have been arrest
ed and have received their just deserts,
the minister added.
Admiral von Capelle attempted to
link the radical Socialists with the
plot.- He said the ringleader had dis
cussed the plot with Deputies Haase
and Voherr in the radical Socialist con
ference-room in the reichstag building,
1 he deputies had called attention to
the dangerous nature of the plot and
had advised the greatest caution, but
nad agreed to furnish propaganda material.
bocialist deputies interrupted the
speaker with cries of dissent. Deputy
David, of the majority Socialist, de-
HITS AT PREMATUR
OFFERS
E
OF PEACE
National Unity is Aim of New
League Just Formed.
PRESIDENT APPROVES
Events of Noted People, Governments
and Pacific Northwest and Other
Things Worth Knowing.
INDIANS REFUSE CODDLING
Those Upon the Klamath Reservation
Insist They Have Passed
Tribal Stage.
Klamath Falls, Ore!-Indians on
the Klamath Reservation have decid
ed they have passed beyond the tribal
stage and say they want to be allowed
to conduct their business and be gov
erned as Individuals and not collec
tively. At a recent meeting of the Klnmnrh
Indian Progressive club, the members
passed resolutions asking that the
Butciuiiicui ireai. mem rne same as
white residents. "Give us a chance,"
uie resolutions rend.
The Indians hope to have the rrlhnl
timber sold and the proceeds divided
among the members. The Klamath
Reservation In southern Oregon occu
pies a territory of nbout 50 by 60 miles
and contains timber and water re
sources.
8llver Plate Periscopes.
New York. Silver plating the nerl.
scopes of their TJ-boats is the latest In
visibility promoting device of the Ger
mans, It was stated by officers of an
American liner Just arrived at an At
lantic port. Covering the periscopes
with a coating of silver renders them
practically Invisible.
WAR BRINGS BIG
TRADE CHANGES
s
Resources of United States
Searched as Never Before to
Meet New Demands.
RIVER TRAFFIC IS INCREASED
Upper Reaches of the Mississippi Help
Keneve the Congestion on the
Railroads Strontium Ore
In Demand.
New York. One of the most Inter
esting and Important developments lu
the United Status at the present time
is tho manner in which commerce and
Industry are gradually adjusting and
tensing themselves under the full load
of the war strain ; curtailing activities
here, speeding up there, and reaching
vui at some points, under the nressura
of new needs, to create entire new In
dustries. In industry the resources of
the United States are being searched
as never before to meet the new de
mands, and mineral wealth which has
always been there against the time of
need, but never before called upon, Is
Deing developed, while in commerce
new processes, new economies and
new efficiency, Involving no new dis
coveries, but latent possibilities In time
of peuce, are being permanently add
ed to the wealth of the uatlon under
the pressure of unprecedented de
mand. The whole process Is too vast and
varied to be seen clearly at one time,
but there are several means by which
occasional glimpses can be mined.
One of these Is by the reports of the
department of the interior on the min
eral resources of the United Shite
which contluually describe the devel
opment of new mining activities in
metals and chemicals, whose deposits
have been known for years, but whose
possibilities had not been fully recog
nized. Another Is In the pages of the
various technical Journals, In which,
every week, there Is at least one story
of a new commercial or Industrial idea
which has been added to the national
machinery.
On the Mississippi.
In new traffic channels it Is Iron Age
which reports that for the first time
only a short while ago, moreover
the upper Mississippi has been opened
to ore and coal traffic on a big scale.
The Mississippi has been big enough,
for yeurs, to carry far more heavy,
slow traffic than Its upper reaches, as
far as St I'aul, the head of naviga
tion, than ever, apparently, anyone
thought of putting upon It. Ore trains
and coal trains have moved along Its
Danks ror years, moving the freight at
a cost per ton mile far beyond the
demands of the river, but It took the
war to make people realize the full
value of the stream.
But now that war has come, and the
railroads of the entire country are un
der such a strain as they never before
had to bear, people In St. Paul and all
the river towns as far down as St.
Louis have suddenly perceived that the
old Mississippi must do her share. And
quite recently six new steel barges,
carrying 3,000 tons of coal the larg
est cargo ever hauled to the head of
navigation on the river arrived at
St. Paul, the vanguard of a new fleet.
The development of an entirely new
mining Industry within the United
States, under pressure of the war, is
told In a recent bulletin of the Geolog
ical survey, on "Strontium in 1916."
For many years large deposits of
strontium ore, In the form of celestlte
crystals (strontium sulphate) and
strontlanlte (strontium carbonate
have been known to exist, often be
side beds of limestone which were be
ing actively quarried, In Michigan and
Ohio along the shores of Lake Erie,
Schoharie county, New York, In West
Virginia and Texas, aud In California
and Arizona. Stroutlum salts were
used in beet-sugar refining, but far
more In the manufacture of fireworks,
because of the brilliant crimson flame
they gave.
Market for Strontium.
iipiore uie war, nowever, the mar
ket for strontium was so limited, and
being confined, moreover, to the At
lantic seaboard, Imports of stroutlum
ore from Europe were cheaper than
the freight rates from California and
Arizona, the only deposits which had
ever been worked commerclallv.
The war, however, changed all this
In two ways. In the first place, it
created a new and tremendous demand
for stroutlum, magnesium, and bari
um, for vast quantities of signal rock-
ets, flares, etc., both at the front and
on the sea. Moreover, here at home
the Increase In freight traffic on our
railroads, due to war demands, neces
sitated a considerable Increase In the
use of signal flares here also.
The new Industry was getting on Its
feet lu 1010. In 1014 about 2,000 short
tons of strontium ore had been con
sumed by American fireworks manu
facturers, the commonest form of the
refined product being strontium nitrate
at around 10 cents a pound or less.
Of tills 2,000 pounds, the proportion
of domestic ore was so small as not
to be worth reporting. In 1916 the
consumption of strontium ores had
risen nearly a 100 per cent ; the price
had caused the huge strontium depos
its in California and Arizona to be
opened aud worked for the first tints
in earnest, and upward of 250 tons of
strontium ore had already been
shipped.
Heavy snowfalls and severe cold are
reported from the Italian Alps fron
tier. Skiis and sledges already have
made their appearance and the winter
campaign has begun.
The Uruguayan government, which manded the c-overnemnt. m-nrfnen nmnf
has severed diplomatic relations with and that the reichstag should suspend
ueimnuy, mho nuuneu me Herman juagment in the meantime.
cnarge not to leave the country until Chancellor Michaelis, earlier in the
tne Uruguayan diplomatic representa- session, had referred to the affair.
tives are safely out of Germany. rumors of which evidently had gained
Viftv thousand Hnll fnr public circulation. He declared he
ferers in China was cabled bv the coum not c-Perate with nor recognize
American Red Cross. The entire 8 ,pa,rty whlch Put itself beyond the
$200,000 suggested bv Paul Reinsch. ? . Dy 8ctivie8 directed against the
the American miniatnr will hn sent in fatherland.
' I mi j: l .. ...
the near future, it is announced. u'sciosures in connection witn
' il. J i n - I-. .A..
me rauicai .socialists, ir tney are true,
jruuivuio, ruriter county, iex., nas came most onnortame v tn hln th
raised a $1246.50 reward to be paid
lor tne delivery of the German kaiser over the'internfillRfinn rpcmrHi nor Pan-
into the hands of the American author- German " propaganda. Admiral von
ines. rracticauy every male resident rwila hnmmord km. Honio;
-ill.- X 1 ! 1 i J A . r. -
oi mo town contriDUtea to me iuna. of the necessitv for a nrnnar "onbVht.
----- i -
The War department has contracted ment 01 tne military forces.
for ten carloads of Kansas iackrabbits
to be delivered at four army canton- TO CONTROL STAPLE FOODS
ments, it was announced at Hutchm-
Government Will Issue Sweeping Reg
ulations Within Few Days.
son, jR.an., luesaay Dy Koon Beck, a
game collector, who obtained the con
tract.
Increased wheat receipts have made
it possible for Minneapolis flour mills
to operate at capacity for the firet
time this season, according to an an
nouncement by f rank Uarey, repre-
Washington, D. C Virtually all
the staple foods consumed by the
American people will be put under
government control November 1.
The food administration announced
few
. I TTT J 1 .1 ....
sentative of the Food Administrat on vveunesaay mat within a
n . n . I :j m.t ... .
liram Corporation. rresiuent w uson win issue an execu-
ri i , i . , llve or(1er requiring that manuf actur
Greece is nearly ready to put a large j j:n4,-l., - in ... if
ontT "if? T menM foods Per ense re-
operate with the allies accordmg to strictions designed to prevent unreas-
2f tJr Lf Arhenfwig,n onable profits fnd to stop speculation
office to the Greek legation at Wash- an(j hoarding,
ington. Lack of equipment is being
remedied rapidly with the allies' aid ..KXl " " TU "
uiimDudbiuii, me announcement saiu,
An Exchange Telegraph dispatch "is to protect the patriot against the
from Melbourne says a whaleboat with slacker in business.
crew of Germans from the raider It is the purpose of the food ad-
Seeadler has been captured near Fiji ministration to effect conservation in
Islands. The boat contained a gun the commodities and to keep them
and machine guns, the dispatch said, flowing toward the consumer in direct
and the Germans admit they were de- lines through the channels of trade in
taiiea irom tne seeaaier to make raids. as economical a manner as possible.
The administration does not wish to
War Should End Only When Kaiser is
Beaten Teuton Success Would
Stop Spread of Democracy.
Leading Cuban sugar olanters held a "u" " ?
conference in New York Tuesday and ? W nrmal necessary ac-
to Washington soon to appeal S,"e! i " TT,
to the Tfood administration for "a jus fZZ " perforfTtg a ""I"1
orice" for their -rnn fTnnih,l .7 H f.unctl.on be expected to surrender
m i. r. ,.. that function
"wo, opoAcoiimu lur tno planters, Baiu tu
u. r..i ;t, ., I -ine
umt vjuun neat year win proauce tne
largest cane sugar crop, about 3,300,
he declared, the
her allies would
000 tons, of which,
United States and
need every ounce.
Consumers' reports to the food ad
ministration from 52 cities and towns
in all parts of the country shows wide
differences in bread prices. The low
est price reported was from Pleasant-
vine, w. j., where t
sells for 6 centa. The same size loaf
sells for 15 cents in Rock Falls, Ills.,
Eastport, Me., Red Bank, N. J., Mi
ami, Okla., Nashville, Tenn., Laramie,
Wyo., and Newport, R. I.
Th Peruvian congress is considering
the international situation as affects
relations with Germany. The foreign
minister and the minister of war have
been summoned before congress to
give information it desires.
Although nearly one-half of the pop
ulation oi liienwooa, Wis., is of Ger
man descent, the city council unani
producer must have a free
outlet find a ready market.
lhere must be no manipulation or
speculation in foods.
There must be no hoarding of
foods.
"Unfair or unreasonable profits
must be eliminated.
"Discriminatory and deceptive and
wasteful practices which in any way
restrict supply or distribution must be
16-ounce loaf stopped.
These are the provisions of the
food law. The licensing system, which
was authorized by the law, provides a
more effective machinery for" its en
forcement. It must not be thought
that these operations become illecal
only upon the issue of licenses. Thev
have been illegal since August- 10,
when the law was passed, and numer
ous cases coming to the attention of
the food administration have been cor
rected.
The proclamation will 'renuire nil
those handling the commodities con
cerned to apply for licenses before No-
mously adopted resolutions demanding vemDel" 1. upon forms which will be
the expulsion of Robert M. La Follette suPPiled on application to the food ad-
rrom the United States senate. ministration.
Applicants will receive licenses
Acting on leiegrannic orders from without cost, and th roimi;. .,
if r T iV.Ali:.!.. , , ., ' , .. "B-.-wi. gUY-
ucucim mcnuinitr a. u. erning tnose dealing with the commod
McCawley, special agent for the attor- ities will be issued
noy general, inursoay seized tne rec- "After November 1 no unlicensed
uiuM u urn ot. l,ouis oai wud, wnicn persons will be permitted to trade in
will be used as evidence when the coal the commodities named enumerated in
iictuuiK ia reoumea. tne proclamation,
Eleven British mar'-h
than 1600 tons each and two vessels Soldiers Bathe in Lake.
under 1600 tons were sunk by mines or ma, Wash Soldiers at Camn
suomarines last week, according to the Lewis bathe twice weekly in the bie-
0W11,U gent DatntuD on the Pacific
A war fund of $35,000,000 for tha lnf ulKe lneir fllP 'n American Lake.
benefit of the American Army now in ,ery aay companies are marched
Europe and for American troops in the J e , lake' a mile and 8 half distant
Army cantonments will be solicited the camP snl hop into the chilly
throughout the United States by the j' They ca"y their own towel
Young Men's Christian Association in and ""P and ""der the direction of
the week beginning November 11, ac "e"enanis take a healthy scrub. It
cording to announcement proves to be great sport and the men
.... t enjoy it to the limit. The best swim-
government nas pur- mere iook out lor the weaker
cnasea an tne nitrate or German com- BS 1116 guards.
panies and sold it to an AmmVin ft.
By this operation it waa nossihlB A Bernhardt is Godmother.
acquire from Germany nearly 30,000,- L Cn'caK Madame Sarah Bernhardt
uuu pesos oi uuiean ro d riemnit luesuay accepted the t tin nf r.n.
.u . - r .. .l , I.
mere u a guarantee or paper money. er vu lne cniwren of America offered
The proposal to mi
tary service all men registered for th ulT.. uwn ?D sne Messed.
Washington, D. C.-A movement to
lead and express public opinion on the
war was inaugurated here Monday by
formation of the League of National
Unity, representing church, political,
labor, agricultural and industrial or
ganizations, to which President Wil
son gave his indorsement in an address
emphasizing the need for team play by
the forces of American thought and
opinion.
Welcoming the leaders of the move
ment at the White House in a brief
speech, the President expressed the
belief that American public opinion,
although understanding the war's
causes and principles, needs guidance
to remember that the war should end
only when Germany is beaten and Ger
many's rule of autocracy and might
are superseded by the ideals of Demo
cracy. This is the issue which the Ameri
can people should always keep in mind,
the President said, in order . to avoid
being misled into by-ways of thought
and the resultant scattering of force
of public opinion. Talk of early peace
before Germany is defeated is one of
the evidences of misdirected thought,
he suggested, and should not cloud the
vision of those who understand that
the United States is fighting now for
the same ideals of democracy and free
dom that have always actuated the na
tion. The President gave warning
that it should not be forgotten that
German success would mean not only
prevention of the spread of democracy,
but possibly the suppression of that
already existing.
The league, which will have head
quarter in New York, chose as hon
orary chairmen Cardinal Gibbons and
Dr. Frank Mason North, president of
the Federal Council of Churches: Theo
dore N. Vail, president of the Ameri
can Telephone & Telegraph company.
as active chairman, with Samuel Gom
pers, president of the American Fede
ration of Labor; Charles Barrett, pres
ident of the Farmers' Educational and
Co-operative Union, and George Pope,
president of the National association
of Manufacturers, as vice-chairmen.
The object was stated as follows:
"To create a medium through which
the loyal Americans of all classes, sec
tions, creeds and parties can give ex
pression to the fundamental purpose of
the United States to carry on to a sue- '
cessful conclusion this new war for
the independence of America and the
preservation of democratic institutions
and the vindication of the basic princi
ples of humanity."
The league plans an active campaign
to educate Americans to the idea that
unity of throught and purpose is as es
sential to successful prosecution of the
war as co-operation in material prep
arations. Conferences of leaders in
the numerous organizations represent
ed will he held frequently, statements
of principle formulated and attempt
will be made to direct public thought
through the medium of the pulpit,
press, public platform and many kinds
of public, semi-public and private or
ganizations.
U.-S. SHIP FIRES ON ITALIAN
Shots Follow When Submarine Fails to
Answer Signals.
Washington, D. C Vice Admiral
Sims cabled the Navy department
Tuesday that an American patrol ves
sel, on duty at night in the war zone,
naa bred on an Italian submarine
which failed to answer recognition sig
nals, killing one officer and one enlist
ed man. . ,
Secretary Daniels at once sent a
message to the Italian ministry of
marine, expressing the deepest regret
over the unfortunate ccurrence and
tendering his and the American Navy's
sympathy for the loss of life.
Mormons Buy $250,000.
Salt Lake City, Utah The Mormon
church Monday announced that $250,
000 of the tithing funds of the organ
ization would be used to purchase
liberty bonds, the first tim in tha
history of the church that tithing
funds have ever been diverted for a
purpose outside the church.
Twelve hundred Latter Dav Saints
raised their right hands in the taber
nacle Sunday afternoon when the an
nouncement was made, and approved
the action of the hands nf tha
church.
day when the house and senate eon- said. "Th- HI..' ..B?e
fereea eliminated an appropriation f or TZ. tJ!? Put the light
the purpose from the war Hfi,i. :C''i!TL''xm w",cn 100 eary knew
" ."'"emess 01 tears. It is the be
ginning ot an admirable fraternitv "
bill
Finland to Elect Chief.
Petrograd The Finnish senate has
prepared a plan for the formation of a
new independent government for Fin
land with a president elected bv direct
vote for a five-year term and with a
cabinet responsible to the Diet, accord
ing to a dispatch from Helsingfors
Monday.
It is proposed to send diplomatic
representatives to other nations and
also ask representation in the general
peace conference.