OF CURRENT WEEK Brief Resume Most Important Daily News Items. COMPILED FOR BUSY READERS Events of Noted People, Governments nd Pacific Northwest and Other Thing! Worth Knowing. A terrific storm ii blowing along the Alaskan coast. President Wilson's Christmas dinner consisted of ail-American dishes. The Swiss government Indorses Wil son's peace note, and freely offers as sistance. Spokane mining district yields $13, 827,281 net to owners, for the year just closing. It la reported that President Wilson is expected to warn Americans against ocean travel should the peace move fail. France has barred the sale of al cohol throughout that country, another step taken to limit drinking to beer and wine. Colonel William F. Cody, (Buffalo Bill), who has been seriously 111, is improving at the home of his daughter In Denver. William A. Shaner, a barber In a tirnminAnf-. Pnrtlnnd fthnn. WAR flhnt and instantly killed by another barber tnrlBtmas morning. . An overturned canoe found in a slough near Everett, Wash., leads to the belief that three boys lost their lives, as one of the bodies has been found. J. R. MiBner, of Albany, Ore., re celved a bomb through the mall. His suspicions being aroused, he tied it to a tree and with a long string pulled the lid open. A terrific explosion fol lowed. John D. Rockefeller's Christmas present to each of the employes on his Tarrytown estate was a 110 gold piece, Inclosed in a case, on which is printed "The Season's Greetings from John D. Rockefeller." The Adams Express company an nounced Tuesday that additional monthly pay to employes already made and to be made in lieu of a contingent bonus, will Increase its annual wage schedule by $1,000,000. Henry F. Farny, aged 71, widely known author and painter, died in Cincinnati Christmas Day in a hospital. Mr. Farny won world-wide renown as an artist of unusual merit by his paintings of famous Indian chiefB. Frank J. Gould, says the Paris Her aid, has just given $100,000 for the rebuilding of the English Protestant church at Maison la Fitte. There is an important English-American colony at this place, mostly intereted in thor oughbred racing stables. An armored motor car, funds to buy which were raised by popular subscrip tion, was presented to the National Guard of Colorado. Adjutant General Harry P. Gamble accepted the car. The presentation took place in the capitol grounds at Denver. A Frankfurt dispatch to the London Exchange Telegraph company from Rotterdam, says there was heavy bet ting on the Berlin exchange Tuesday that peace would be signed before Au- gust. The same diBpatch says that the German emperor will return to Berlin for conferences with the Amer ican and Spanish ambassadors. Salt Lake City An unexploded bomb was found near Governor Spry's residence early Monday. It was un covered by R. F. Nelson as he was sweeping a path through the snow be tween hia own residence and that of the governor. Examination of the bomb by the Bheriff and etate chemist showed that the bomb contained enough explosive materials to have blown both houses to pieces. Attempts to obtain action on the Adamson resolution to extend the life of the Newlands railroad committee, now investigation all phases of the railroad situation, until January 7, 1918, were abandoned. They will be taken up after the holiday recess of congress. Vallejo, Cal A centrifugal machine gun, said to throw 8000 projectiles a minute at an initial velocity of 4000 feet a second, was tested by naval au thorities here. The initial velocity of the army rifle is 2000 feet per second. The centrifugal gun is operated wholly by electricity. The Austrian" are again actively bombarding the Italian advance posi tions on the Carso front of the Auatro- Italian theater. A sharp controversy over the future of the National guard la foreseen in congress when the matter reaches the senate and house. Copenhagen After a single reading the Folkething passed the bill ratify ing the treaty for the sale of the Dan ish West Indies to the United States. The vote was 90 in favor of and 16 against ratification. Five members were absent LIMIT EXPIRES; REPLY NOT IN Carranza Fails to Sign Protodol, but Formal Break Deferred. Washington, D, C Although Gen eral Carranza had not replied up to Tuesday night to the demand of the United States that he either ratify or repudiate the protocol drawn by the Mexican-American joint commission, the expiration of the time limit was not made the occasion for formally de claring the negotiations at an end. While the time expired at midnight, officials were inclined to take into con sideration that a reply might have been delayed and indicated that a fav orable reply, even though a day or more late, would not be rejected, inas much as an adjustment of internation al difficulties was the chief object. Refusal to accept the terms of the agreement, under which troops would be withdrawn from Chihuahua, means the closing of negotiations through the joint commission for adjustment of the questions at Usue between the United States and' the de facto government ot Mexico. What effect the new situation then presented would have on the policy of the United States is not known, but it was said at the State department that any further move would be made through the usual channels and not by the commission, which for more than three months attempted to effect an amicable settlement. Dr. John R. Mott, one of the Ameri can commissioners, conferred with Secretary Lansing in the course of the day, and both expressed the hope that Carranza s reply would be favorable. The more general opinion among government officials, however, was that the Mexican executive would not alter his repeated declaration that the American troops must be withdrawn unconditionally and any further discus sion of international subjects could not take place while foreign troops violat ed the sovereignty of Mexico. If Carranza persists In his refusal there will be nothing for the members of the joint commission to do but to hold one last conference to close the record and say good-bye. Tornado and Blizzard Takes Toll of 21 in Arkansas Little Rock, Ark. From 17 to 21 and probably more persons were killed in a tornado that struck South Central Arkansas at 3 o'clock Tuesday accord ing to reports received here. Four are known to be dead at Eng land, 17 are reported killed at Keo and several are reported killed at the state convict farm at Tucker. All wries into the strom-swept dis trict are down and only meager details are available. The known dead are: Albert L. Swarts, a farmer living near England, and three negroes, one of whom lived two miles north of England, and two who lived two miles south. The Swarts home was picked up and car ried about 100 yards. Mrs. Swarts was believed fatally injured and an 18 year-old daughter was badly hurt. The storm is said to have swept a patch about four miles wide and it is reported that several fires broke out in the wreckage. Every physician in the little town of England has been called to the country to care for the injured, Villa Takes San Luis Potosi. El Paso A report was received Wednesday by sources known to be close to Francisco Villa and by govern- ment agents saying that Villa's forces captured San Luis Potosi Tuesday, Many foreigners who left Torreon be fore Villa attacked that town recently went to San Luis Potosi. No details were available. San LuiB Potosi Is southeast of Tor reon on the National railroad line be tween AguaB Calientes and Tampico. Tampico is believed to be Villa s ob jective in order to obtain a port through which he can import arms, ammunition ana supplies. Villa was reported to be between Torreon and Chihuahua City, and was said to be preparing to launch an attack against Chihuahua City soon. In anticipation of this attack, Gen eral Francisco Murguir was reported to have ordered General Francisco Gonzales, former commander in Juar ez, to proceed south at once with his entire brigade to reinforce the Chi huahua garrison. Leper Colony Mutinies. Havana Raising a flag and saying that they would be removed only by violence, 174 inmates of the San Laz- aro Hospital for lepers, who were to have been transferred to Muriel, re fused to leave the building. After several hours' delay the lepers agreed to leave San Lazaro for Mariel on re ceiving the promise of health officials to remove them thence to a new hos pital now under construction as soon as it is finished. It is reported that more than 20 of the lepers escaped from San Lazaro through a rear exit. School Children Strike. Scranton, Pa. In answer to the school board's decision in not granting a Christmas vacation of one week, 15, 000 school children of the 22,000 enrol led in the public schools of this city remained away from sessions Tuesday, Students from two high schools marched through the city yelling: "We want a vacation!" At intermission period at both insti tutions the "strikers managed to In duce several hundred others to strike. COURT INVALIDATES TITLE TO 600 ACRES Judge Galloway, Salem, Finds Fraud in Hyde Entries. 37,000 ACRES ARE AT STAKE Decision in Linn County Case Is First in Seven Actions Pending State Must Return $1.25 an Acre. Salem, Ore. Judge William Gallo way, in the Circuit court here late Saturday, decided that title to 600 acres of land in Linn county was ob tained by F. A. Hyde and his associ ates through fraud and collusion and that the title in equity to such lands, because of the fraud and collusion, still is vested in the State of Oregon. But, he determined, that the $1.25 an acre paid to the state for the land should be repaid. The money has been a portion of the state school fund, bearing six per cent interest. As to whether the interest which the state has received on this money should be repaid as well is still to be decided when the findings of fact and conclu sions of law are signed by the court next week. While the cause in question involves only 600 acres of land, the decision is of widespread interest, as this is the firBt to be decided of the seven Hyde- BenBon cases, which have been sub mitted by Attorney General Brown and Assistant Attorney General Bailey. All told, the cases Involve 37,000 acres of land situated in Linn, Lane, Clack amas, Hood River, Crook, Klamath and Josephine counties. If the lower court s contention that the $1.26 an acre should be repaid from the state school fund, proves to be correct on appeal, it will take from the fund approximately $46,250, with the possibility of payment of Bix per cent interest on that amount run ning from 1898. The court found that Hdye and his associates, through "dummy" entry men, obtained 47,000 acres of school lands in the state. Before the fraud and collusion were discovered the United States had patented 10,000 acres of the land, and this was dis posed of by Hyde and his associates, and the land forfeited as far as the state was concerned. $4000 is Obtained by Lone Robber From Bickleton Bank North Yakima, Wash. The Bank of Bickleton, 20 miles southwest of Mab ton, Wash., was robbed of $4000 late Friday by a lone robber, who rode into town on horseback, held up the bank and escaped. The robber compelled S. A. Rossier, the cashier, to hand over the money, and after locking Rossier in a room, mounted his horse and rode away. A poBse was formed as soon as Mr. Rossier could free himself and give the alarm. The robber's abandoned horse was found by the posse 30 miles from the scene of the robbery. The bandit had ridden the animal until it was exhaust ed and then had continued his flight on foot. The posse was said to be in close pursuit. Two thousand dollars which the rob ber left behind when he abandoned his horse was recovered. Pupils Made for Eyes. Los Angeles, Cal. Through a mar velous operation Mrs. Susan B. John son, of 113 Charlevioux street, Pasa dena, has regained her Bight. Arti ficial pupils have been made to allow the light to penetrate and focus on the retina. Removing a small section of the iris, the Burgeons made artificial pupils above the natural ones, and op posite the clear part of the cornea. The bandages were removed Satur day and Mrs. Johnson saw clearly for the first time within her recol lection. Peace Meeting Planned. New York Monster peace demon strations, at which will be read a man ifesto "from the American people to the world in the cause of peace," will be held at midnight on New Year's eve in Chicago, Denver, San Francisco and this city, it was announced here Monday by the American Neutral Conference committee. At each meeting a community chorus will ring out the present year with song. $36,000 Paid tor Farm. Pendleton, Or. The old Prospect farm, near Stanfield, one of the oldest in Umatilla county, again changed hands, David R. Wood, of Weston, buying it for $36,000 from William Robbing and wife, who purchased the place about a year ago. The farm con sists of 1600 acres of wheat land. Robbins took in trade as part payment a house and lot in Weston, a chop mill and warehouse in Weston and a house and lot in Milton. At one time the place sold at nearly $73,000. TWENTY MISSING IN MASONIC HOME FIRE Aged and Children Are Believed Lost at Wichita, Kansas.. DEFECTIVE FURNACE IS CAUSE Eight Tots Trapped in Burning Wing With Rescue Impossible Institu tion Thrown Into Darkness. Wichita, Kan. Of more than 100 persons in the Kansas Masonic Home here, which burned early Friday, only 80 had been accounted for at 3 a. m., according to Superintendent Daniel P. Burdick. Eight children, trapped in a wing through which flames were sweeping, and which had been entirely cut off from an entrance by the fire, were given up for lost after rescuers had made many frantic efforts to enter the building to rescue the helpless little ones. Aside from the tragic destruction of the Masonic Home, the fire began to assume serious financial aspects as several nearby houses began burning. Efforts to obtain telegraph operators to man wires to the outside world were hindered by the fact that five men from the telegraph office had been summoned home because their resi dences were on fire. The majority of the older persons in the Masonic Home apparently escaped, Many of them were unhurt, but in the scanty clothing which they were able to snatch in their exit form the home, they suffered keenly in a temperature close to the zero mark. The refugees took shelter in a nearby chapel and first aid was rushed to them. Frozen fire plugs proved a serious handicap to the firemen in their efforts to check the flames, so that rescue work could be carried on. One woman, caught under a falling stairway, received injuries which prob ably will prove fatal. The fire is thought to have originat ed in the basement of the home. Paul Zeilke, 15, an inmate of the home Ave years, was sleeping in the basement. Zeilke was awakened shortly before 2 o'clock by fire and Bmoke. He rushed to an electric switch and pulled it, shutting off the motor that pumped oil to the furnace. This also threw the entire building in darkness. Revised figures indicate that there were 99 inmates in the home besides the assistants and help. Of these but 46 have been accounted for, but dozens of others are known to have been res cued and taken to nearby homes. Universal Military Training Bill to Reach Congress Next Month Washington, D. C A definite plan for universal military training will be laid before congress next month in the shape of a bill formulated by the general staff of the army, accompanied by complete estimates of cost, as com pared to the present volunteer syBtem, Major General Hugh L. Scott, chief of staff, told the house military commit tee Friday that the work was- in prog ress, and would require about a month to complete. Chairman Dent said the committee would be glad to see the bill. Attempted to Burn Her Baby. Waterloo, la. Mrs. Ruth Conner of Elgin, killed one of her 2-month-old twin babies by hitting the child over the back of the head, attempted to burn the other child in a cook stove, and then cut her own throat at Elgin, Sunday morning, according to informa tion received here Wednesday. The second child iB in a Berious con dition and may not live, while Mrs. Conner also 1b in a serious condition, Family and financial troubles are said to have been responsible for the wom an's actions. Irish to Be Released. London The government has decid ed to release the Irish prisoners who were interned after the rebellion in Ireland, Henry E. Duke, chief secre tary of Ireland, announced Friday. "The time has come when the ad vantages of releasing these men far outweigh the risk, and I have so ad vised the government. Steps, there fore, will be taken to proceed with the least possible delay to return the in terned prisoners to their homes. ' Christmas Pardon Given. Albany, N. Y. A Christmas pardon was granted by Governor Whitman Saturday to William J. Cummins, who has served three years and two months of a state's prison sentence of four years and eight months for his part in the wrecking of the Carnegie Trust company, of New York, several years ago. Governor Whitman said that let ters and petitions asking for clemency had been received from nearly every state in the Union. Luther Burbank Wedded. San Francisco Luther Burbank, the famous plant evolutionist, was married here Thursday to bis secretary, Miss Elizabeth Waters, by Rev. C. S. S. Dutton, pastor of the First Unitarian church. The ceremony was private and Mr. Burbank and his bride were I whisked away In a taxlcab. RAILROADS ARE PROSPEROUS Net Income From All Sources During 1916 Exceeds Billion. Washington, D. C More than $1,- 000,000,000 net income from operation was made by the railroads of the coun try during the year now closing. The huge total is the peak of prosperity in railroad operations, and stands more than one-third higher than the total of 1913, heretofore the banner year. Statistics gathered by the Interstate Commerce commission, complete for nine months and made the basis for the calculation for the entire year, in dicate that the total net income from operations will be approximately $1,- 098,000,000. For the first nine months of the year complete returns show $785,558,266. Even this does not rep resent the full amount, as roads whose income is less than $1,000,000 are not included. The estimate $1,098. 000, 000 -1b To Manage Ceremonies at Wilson's Inauguration Robert N. Harper, a bank president of Washington, D. C, is to be chair man of the inaugural committee which will have charge of the inaugural cere monies for President Wilson. He will have plenty of hard work in raising the money for the ceremony and pro viding for the hundred thousand visi tors who will besiege Washington March 4. regarded by officials as conservative. It makes no allowance for normal in crease in business during the last three months of the year returns for which are unavailable but places the income for October, November and December at the same figures as for July, August and September. There is no question, officials Bay, but there will be an increase, the only doubt is as to its size. Analysis of the returns for the first nine months shows a startling increase from January to September, amount ing to more than 67 per cent. Thus, net income in January, $64,915,286, had mounted to $107,910,814 in Sep tember, an increase of nearly $43, 000,000. For the first nine months of the year, the commission's figures show that the railroads collected $2,654, 829,647 from all sources of operation. The chief items were as follows: Freight, $1,875,019,990; passenger traffic, $522,103,907; mails, $45,348, 609; from express companies, $65, 089,474; incidentals, dining and buffet car service, operation of hotels and restaurants, sale of vending privileges on trains and at stations, parcel rooms at stations, demurrage, storage of freight and baggage, telegraph and telephone wires leased to other com panies, operation of grain elevators, etc., $60,414,697, and all other trans portation charges, $76,087,611. The last item embraces sleeping and parlor car service; freight on milk, which has virtually an express service; switching charges and operation of special trains. Brayless Mule Produced. Paris The brayless mule is one of the scientific developments of the war. Large numbers of mules have been im ported from America for use at the front, but their habit of braying at in convenient moments had to be remed ied before they could be used to the best advantage. The veterinary experts were called in, and after a little experiment, they discovered that a slight operation on the nostril had the desired effect, and all the mules sent to the front are now made mute by this process. Wilson Takes Up Deficit. Washington, D. C. Various plans suggested for meeting the deficit are being considered by President Wilson and it was said Monday the President might decide to address congress on the subject as soon as he made up his mind how the revenues should be raised. Members of the house ways and means committee already have dis cussed the problem with Secretary Mc Ado and other administration officials. Wire Fence Deadly to Two. Tulare, Cal. John D. Mello and Frank C. Silv, ranch hands, were shocked to death Christmas day by a wire ranch fence carrying 11,000 volts of electricity transmitted by a Mount Whitney Power & Electric company power wire which had fallen across the fence and set the posts afire. Manuel Godhine was severely burned when he attempted to rescue his companions. WILSON CALLS FOR TERMS FOR PEACE President Sends Appeal to All Warring Nations. BASIS EOR DISCUSSION SOUGHT Action Taken Without Notice Amazes Belligerents Is Not Proposal of Peace Nor Mediation Offer. Washington, D. C President Wil son has appealed to all the belligerents to discuss terms of peace. Without actually proposing peace or offering mediation, the President has sent formal notes to the governments of all the warring nations suggesting that ' 'an early occasion be sought to ) call out from the nations now at war such an avowal "of their respective views as to the terms upon which the war might be concluded and the ar rangements which would be deemed satisfactory as a guarantee against its renewal or the kindling of any similar conflict in the future, as would make it possible frankly to compare them." Wholly without notice and entirely contrary to what administration offi cials have described as his course, the President Wednesday night dispatched the notes to all the belligerents and to all the neutrals for their informa- f tion. Summarized in the President's own words as contained in the notes, his attitude is as follows: "The President is not proposing peace; he is not even offering media tion. He is merely proposing that soundings be taken in order that we may learn, the neutral nations with the belligerent, how near the haven of peace may be for which all mankind longs with an intense and increasing longing. He believes that the spirit in which he speaks and the objects . which he seeks will be understood by " all concerned, and he confidently hopes for a response which will bring a new light into the affairs of the world. This latest development in the rapidly moving world events toward a discus sion of peace was not permitted to be come known until the notes were well on their way to the American am bassadors in the belligerent capitals. It was a most distinct surprise to all official Washington, which had been led to believe that with the formal transmittal of the proposals of the " Central Powers the offices of the Uni ted States would await further moves between the belligerents themselves and that certainly, in view of the speech of Premier Lloyd George and the announcements in Russia, France and Italy, further action by neutrals would depend upon the next careful and delicate moves of the belligerents. The whole tenor of official opinions throughout Washington, when the President's action became known, was that it immeasurably improved the prospects for some sort of exchange looking toward an approach to peace f without impairing the position of the United States Bhould they finally be unable to find a good ground on which to approach one another. At the White House no statement whatever could be obtained as to whether any of the powers had inti mated how they would receive the note, and there was every indication that the same careful secrecy which had prevented anything whatever be coming known about the President's action until it had been taken, would surround any of the succeeding moves. Nowhere on the surface appears any indication of the history-making events which diplomatists generally are convinced must have transpired since the German allies brought forth their proposals to dispel the generally prevalent belief that such an action on the part of President Wilson would be unacceptable to the entente powers. The wish and hope of the German powers that President Wilson would intercede in some way has long ben known and has been conveyed in differ ent ways to the White House. The attitude of the entente allies as ex pressed by their statesmen, and cer- tainly until recently in official advices to the American government, has been that a peace offer by the United States would be considered almost the next thing to unfriendly. Auto Robbers Get $3000. Los Angeles Julius R. Miller, a chauffeur, was shot through the right shoulder by one of two automobile rob bers who attempted to rob him. Mil ler fled when they ordered him to halt and the robbers opened fire but did not pursue him. Jewelry valued at $3000 j and $5 in cash had been taken from Frank R. Strong, wealthy real estate broker, by two automobile bandits shortly before the shooting of Miller. Charles Stewart also reported that he had been held up by two robbers in an automobile and forced to give up $7. 16,000 Guardsmen Ordered Home. San Antonio, Tex. Orders issued Wednesday by Maj. Gen. Funston, in line with the war department's policy to return the guardsmen to their homes when their presence becomes unnecessary on the border, will send home a body of 16,000 national guards men from border duty. Eleven states were represented in the list of units or dered to move and because of scarcity ' of rolling stock the troons were divid. I ed into groups for the return journey. !