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About The Maupin times. (Maupin, Or.) 1914-1930 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 22, 1916)
OF CURRENT WEEK
Brief Resume of General News
from All Around the Earth.
UNIVERSAL HAPPENINGS IN A NUTSKEU
Live News Items of All Nations and
Pacific Northwest Condensed
for Our Busy Readers.
Seven hundred thousand workers in
New York are said to be ready to
strike in sympathy with the streetcar
More than 700 vessels have been
added to the fleets flying the American
flag in foreign trade in the two years
ended June 30, 1916.
The British steamers Llangors E.
Buttown and Swedish Prince have been
sunk by submarines. The crews of
the vessels were saved. .
A purchase of 300,000,000 feet of
timber has been made by the Oregon
Lumber company, near Baker, Ore.,
and a new mill will be built.
Armenians in Asia Minor who took
refuge in Aleppo when exiled recently
by the Turks, now have been ordered
to leave the new locality, according to
dispatches to the State department.
Two buildings, including the stock-
house of the International Cement
company's plant at Irvine, Wash.,
were destroyed by fire Monday. The
loss was $100,000, covered by insur
ance. Surprise raids on two alleged gam
bling houses in San Francisco, main
tained, according to the police, in two
hotels in the so-called downtown ten
derloin district, resulted in the arrest
of 230 men.
The Cooks and Waiters' union has
filed a suit for $300,000 damages
against the Law and Order committee
of the San Francisco chamber of com
merce, alleging it has formed a con
spiracy in violation of the penal code.
One of the largest sales of the year
was consummated in Pendleton, Or.,
when Henry Bain, of Havana Station,
disposed of his fine 600-acre Umatilla
county farm to Elmer McCormmach, a
prominent young farmer, for $60,000.
The employes of all the big German
banks hold special meeting to discuss
the cost of living. They adopted unan
imously a resolution asking directors
of all Berlin banks for an appreciable
increase in salaries, that the employes
may be able to make both ends meet.
Frost fell over the Great Lakes re
gion Sundy night, according to reports
to the Weather bureau. The frost
extended as far south as Northern
Tennessee. A heavy snowfall, with
temperatures ranging from 24 to 28
degrees, was reported from Hibbing,
Fiorina, an important town in North
western Macedonia, is carried by as
Bault by French troops, according to
an official statement. The Bulgarians
are retiring in disorder in the direc
tion of Monastir, the statement adds.
Serbian troops also have gained suc
cess it the region of Lake Ostrovo.
A general strike of longshoremen on
the Atlantic Coast in sympathy with
the striking longshoremen on the Pa
cific Coast will be urged upon the in
ternational officers of the union, it was
announced by J. A. Madaen, of Port
land, secretary-treasurer of the Pacific
Coast district, International Long
shoremen's association of America.
British railway trainmen hold out
for 10 shillings advance in pay.
To the high cost of living is now
added the high cost of being barbered.
On and after an early date it will cost
half a dollar for a haircut in San Fran
cisco. The Barber Shop Proprietors'
association, at a meeting held recently
decided to raise from 35 cents to the
higher figure the price of haircutting.
A number of young society men of
Chihuahua City have been sentenced
by Acting Governor Trevino to serve
as street sweepers for 20 days. They
were found guilty of disturbing the
night's rest of the household of the
father of Governor Ignacio Enriquez
while serenading the town after a
"Mary," the big circus elephant
which killed her trainer at Kingsport,
Tenn., recently, was hanged at Erwin.
A railroad derrick car was used in the
execution. The animal was forced to
the tracks by other elephants, heavy
chains were tied around her neck and
she was hoisted In the air. She was
valued at $20,000 by her owners.
The mining town, You Bet, Cal., is
swept by fire.
Returns from Thursday's elections
in British Columbia, indicated that
women have been given the right to
vote and that prohibition has been
The Turkish government consents to
shipment of relief supplies from the
United States to famine sufferers in
Syria. The action reverses the pre
vious attitude of Turkish officials who
had refused two urgent pleas by the
department for the privilege to make
STREETCAR STRIKERS IN RIOT
OVERPOWER NEW YORK POLICE
New York The most serious rioting
since the transit strike in this city be
gan two weeks ago occurred Tuesday
night in various sections of Manhattan
when attempts were made to run cars
on the Forty-second and Fifty-ninth
street croBBtown surface lines. Mobs
of strikers and their sympathizers
stormed two carbarns, overpowered
the police and put to flight all railway
employes in the vicinity.
Several motormen and conductors
who had not joined the strike were
beaten. Much property damage was
done before police reserves arrived.
The police assert that the strikers
took advantage of the fact that many
policemen were detailed to polling
booths in the primary election. The
strikers apparently planned their at
tacks, it was said, as disorders oc
curred in many places at the same
At Forty-second street and Broad
way, one of the busiest spots in the
city, a large crowd bombarded a car
with stones they had gathered from a
The police reported late in the day
that all surface cars had been ordered
to the barns.
Numerous arrests were made and
many of the rioters were clubbed.
Several passengers were hurt by
Later, the strikers attacked the ele
vated trains from housetops with bot
tles and bricks. Policemen then were
stationed on the roofs along elevated
After a citizens' committee had
failed to effect a basis of settlement
between the striking union car men
and their employers, it was announced
that apparently the only hope of avert
ing a threatened sympathetic walkout
of 700,000 workers, . set for Friday,
lies in a final appeal to be made to the
labor leaders. The citizens' commit
tee probably will confer with Mayor
Mitchell and Oscar S. Straus, chair
man of the public service commission
in an effort to find some solution of the
Fewer Irish Go Insane.
Dublin Insanity in Ireland has
lately shown a decrease, chiefly among
women. This is something new, as
Ireland's statistics for insanity have
always been unusually high. The su
perintendent of the asylum at Belfast
declares the reason is due entirely to
the improved standard of living and
to the restrictions on the liquor traffic.
Many who lived in poverty are now in
comparative luxury. There are solid
grounds for hope that, especially
among women, Ireland will witness a
great diminution of neurotic disorders.
Rebel Drum is Returned. .
Richmond, Va. North and South
shook hands Wednesday in the White
House of the Confederacy, now a mu
seum of the Confederate Memorial Lit
erary society, when the Worcester
Continentals returned a Confederate
drum captured on a battlefield near
Winchester, Va. Crowds lined the
streets and cheered as the Continen
tals, escorted by the two battalions of
militia remaining in the mobilization
camp here, marched up with the drum.
Train Burned by Bandits.
El Paso, Tex. An American arriv
ing from the interior of Mexico said
that on September 9, bandits captured
a southbound passenger train on the
Mexican National line about 35 miles
south of Torreon. After robbing the
passengers and taking such clothing as
they had, he said they burned the
The passengers were picked up by a
northbound train and taken to Torreon.
Famous Diplomat is Dead.
Chicago William J. Calhoun, ex
minister to China, died late Tuesday at
his residence here. Mr. Calhoun was
68 years old. He had been in ill health
for some months, having been stricken
with paralysis, and thereafter a com
plication of ailments set in. Mr. Cal
houn gained fame as a diplomat
through his mission to Cuba just pend
ing the war with Spain and as special
commissioner to Venezula for Presi
Rifle Plant to Resume.
Rock Island, 111. The small arms
plant at Rock Island is to be opened
September 25 and the government
wants workers. CongTess at its re
cent session passed an appropriation
which will enable the plant, which has
been discontinued Bince 1912, to re
sume operations. Rifles are to be
manufactured. It is expected that at
least 800 men will have work in this
Polar Party Heard From,
New York News of the relief party
headed by Dr. Edmund Otis Hovey,
which was dispatched by the American
Museum of Natural history to help the
McMillan Crocker Land expedition,
was received here Tuesday. Dr.
Hovey wrote July 10 from Parker
Snow Bay, Greenland, that he was
starting for North Star Bay and that
the entire expedition was in good
health. From North Star Bay he
planned to go to Battle Harbor.
Tidal Wave Wreck Ship.
San Juan, Porto Rico The four
masted schooner J. Holmes Birdsall,
of Philadelphia, laden with coal, was
washed on the rocks at the entrance to
the harbor here Tuesday by a ground
swell and was abandoned by her crew.
The loss will reach $200,000 and Is
covered by insurance.
GRADE Of TARIFFS
Whole World Would Be Divided Into
Groups for Commerce.
FREE TRADE RULE ABANDONED
British Chamber of Commerce Urges
New Plan "Most-Favored-Nation"
Washington, D. C Division of the
world into economic strata separated
by tariff walls and classified as allies
of the British empire, friendly neu
trals, unfriendly nuetrals and enemy
countries, is urged by the London
Chamber of Commerce. To clear the
ground for this world reconstrucion the
chamber concludes in a special report,
a copy of which has just been received
here, that abrogation of all "most-favored-nation"
that with the United States, is inev
itable. Free trade would be abandoned and
a series of graded tariffs proposed in
line with the present war groupings of
All imports would be divided as fol
lows: Wholly manufactured goods,
semi-manfactured goods and articles
solely used as raw material in indus
tries, manufactured foodstuffs and raw
foodstuffs. All parts of the British
empire and its allies would pay mini
mum duties; friendly neutrals which
allow the United Kingdom most favor
ed treatment would pay twice as much;
other neutralB, giving preference to
other powers and including neutrals
which might swing into the Teutonic
commercial system would pay a still
greater tax; and all "enemy" coun
tries would pay the maximum duties,
running up as high as 30 per cent.
Roughly it is estimated in the report
that this change from free trade to
protection would net a yearly revenue
of about $375,000,000.
Every precaution is urged in the re
port to assuage neutral nations to pre
vent them from making commercial
alliances with enemy countries after
the war. The difficulties are spoken
of as follows :
"It must also be remembered that
our allies have tariff arrangements
still in force with other foreign coun
tries which it is assumed must be
abrogated before any preferential
trade arrangements can be made with
the British empire as a whole.
"In addition, the United Kingdom
has 'most-favored-nation' clauses with
certain foreign countries, including
the United States. There, it is as
sumed, would have to be terminated,
with or without compensatory advant
ages." Villa Attacks Chihuahua City;
Meets Defeat and Heavy Losses
Mexico City General Obregon, min
ister of war, announces that a thousand
followers of Francisco Villa, who at
tacked Chihuahua Friday night, were
routed early Saturday morning with a
loss of several hundred men killed and
many captured. After the battle Gen
eral Trevino's troops participated in
the Independence Day parade Saturday
morning. In the fighting General
Trevino was slightly wounded in the
Aided by some of the townspeople,
the Villa forces attacked at 11 o'clock
Friday night and took the penitentiary
and the municipal and federal palaces.
General Trevino recaptured the public
buildings and completely defeated the
attackers in the early morning light.
The captured men will be tried by
General Obregon has Bent a message
of congratulation to General Trevino.
Several of the captured men already
have been tried by courtmartial and
put to death.
Normal conditions prevailed at Chi
The details of the defeat of Villa
forces aroused enthusiasm here.
Idaho Gets $147,614 Check.
Boise, Idaho The last chapter in
the treasury steal was written this
week when the state depository board
accepted from the National Surety
company a check for $147,614.91, rep
resenting the state's loss. The Na
tional Surety company was surety on
the $200,000 bond of O. V. Allen, de
faulting state treasurer. After an ex
amination of the treasury books the
total shortage, including the money Al
len and his deptuy, Fred M. Coleman,
stole, and interest, was compiled and
suit brought against the company.
Guiteau's Attacker Dies.
Washington, D. C William Jones,
65, widely known as "Bill Jones, the
Avenger, " because he shot at Charles
J. Guiteau, assassin of President Gar
field, in 1881, died here Sunday. Gui
teau was being taken from the court
house to the district jail in a carriage
when Jones rode up on a horse and
fired at him.
The shot went wild and Jones was
arrested. He was held for some time,
but was finally released.
ON NEUTRAL TRADE
Acceptance of American Shipments by
Overseas Trust Not to Be Allowed.
ASSURANCE Or DELIVERY DENIED
United States Exports to Holland and
Scandinavian Countries Are Af
fected by Latest Order.
London The plan of rationing the
neutral countries of Norway, Sweden,
Denmark and Holland, under which no
further licenses will be granted for the
present to British exporters, has been
extended to apply to the United States
by the expedient of refusing to allow
The Netherlands' Overseas Trust to ac
cept further American consignments
and by declining to grant letters of as
surance for American shipments des
tined for these countries.
In consequence American shipments
for Holland will be stopped absolutely,
while the regular transportation com
panies trading between the United
States and Scandinavia will not take
cargoes without assurance of their in
nocent destination by the British au
thorities. Furthermore, tramp steamers are
hardly likely to risk the inevitable
landing in the prize court of any cargo
they might accept.
Neutral diplomats here believe two
reasonB induced the British govern
ment to take this action. The first is
the simplicity of the plan, which en
ables the government to control sup
plies at the source. The second is the
growing bill with which Great Britain
iB now pressed by neutral governments
for demurrage and other expenses in
curred by taking Buspected ships into
Kirkwall and other ports for examina
tion. Another blockade measure is the re
cent arrangement under which bureaus
were set up in England and France for
granting licenses for exchange of
goods which figure on the list of pro
hibited imports. The American au
thorities contend that under the British-American
commercial treaty of
1815 such prohibitions must be en
forced equally against all countries.
Consequently any privileges granted to
France and not extended to the United
States are held to be in violation of
British Columbia Goes "Dry"
and Gives Vote to Women
Vancouver, B. C Woman suffrage
and prohibition apparently have been
adopted by the voters of British Co
lumbia,, according t6 incomplete re
turns received late Thursday from the
The conservative government, head
ed by Premier W. J. Bowser, appar
ently has been decisively defeated.
The returns indicate that the liberals
will control the next legislature, 33 to
Suffrage apparently was carried by
an overwhelming majority and the re
turns thus far received indicate that
the prohibition bill has been endorsed
by a safe margin. The defeat of the
government is the most striking in the
history of the province.
The returns thus far are generally
decisive and it Is not considered likely
that the soldiers' vote will materially
affect the result, although Premier
Bowser may retain his Beat in the pro
vincial parliament, as he is not far be
hind the liberal ticket, which appar
ently was elected in its entirety in
In Victoria, A. Stewart, the recent
ly apponited minister of finance, was
defeated, polling 600 votes less than
the lowest liberal in the capital city,
where the complete liberal ticket was
elected. In Rossland, Lome Camp
bell, minister of mines, is 100 votes
behind his opponent with only two
small precincts to be reported.
In Revelstoke, Thomas Taylor, min
ister of public works since a conserva
tive government came into power, was
decisively defeated. In Grand Forks,
E. E. Miller, one of Premier Bowser's
new ministers, lost by a substantial
Relief Depends on Hoover.
Stanford University, Cal. "The
situation in Belgium is so extraordi
nary that if Herbert C. Hoover lost
heart today or died, in a few days the
Belgians would be without food and
starving," was th,e declaration made
here by Dr. David P. Barrows, who
addressed Stanford students on his
eight months' experience with relief
work in Belgium. Dr. Barrows said
that Hoover's task of feeding 10,000,
000 Belgians daily was equal to feed
ing the western armies of both the
allies and the Germans.
Women Raid Food Shops.
London An Amsterdam dispatch to
the Exchange Telegraph company says:
"Serious food riots occurred at
Hamburg Saturday evening. Accord
ing to Berlin reports a mob of angry
women raided shops that had been
closed owing to a shortage of meat and
vegetables, while another crowd dem
onstrated before the town hall, shout
ing 'Down with the junkers; down
with the people'! torturers.' Thirty
seven women wer badly injured."
ENGLAND'S WAR JUGGERNAUTS
ARE BUILT BY AMERICAN FIRM
Washington, D. C The British
"tanks," the, armored motor cars used
in recent assaults on German trenches
inNorthem France so successfully as
to attract world-wide attention, were
built for the most part in Peoria, 111.,
in the form of caterpillar tractors, de
signed many years before the war be
gan, to meet some of the difficult prob
lems of modern farming.
Except for their armor, their ma
chine guns and their crews, thousands
like them are in use today in the Uni
ted States in plowing, digging ditches
and other labors less heroic than war.
M. M. Baker, vice president of the
Holt Manufacturing company, ex
plained here that it was machines
made by his company at its Peoria
plant that had hurdled German trench
es, walked through forests and crawled
over Bhell craters in the face of in
tense gun fire.
"We have sold about 1000 caterpil
lar tractors to the British govern
ment, " said Mr. Baker. "We have
had nothing to do with putting armor
on them or placing machine guns, but
some of our men at Aldershot, England,
recently were notified that the British
government intended to armor some of
the tractors and use them for work
other than the usual towing of big
"Germany had some of these trac
tors before the war began, and al
though I do not just understand how it
occurred, I believe she may have got
others since then. We have Bent some
to France and some to Russia. So far
as I know up until the recent appear
ance of the motor cars the tractors
were used only to tow big guns. I
understand that Germany had about 40
of them in this work before Liege
early in the war, and recent photo
graphs show that the British are using
some of them now for the same pur
pose." "It is true," said Mr. Baker, "that
these tractors can go ahead over al
most anything or through almost any
thing. They can straddle a trench, go
through a swamp, roll over logs, or
climb through shell craters like a car
or Juggernaut. It looks uncanny to
see them crawl along the ground just
like a huge caterpillar. In a thick
forest, if they encountered trees they
could not brush out of the way, they
could easily be used to uproot them
and clear their own paths."
Mr. Baker said the tractors sent to
England weigh about 18,000 pounds
each, develop 120-horsepower and are
built of steel. The caterpillar feature
he explained, is of the utmost import
ance. Speaking broadly, the tractor
crawls on two belts with corrugated
surfaces on either side of the body.
Girls Escape From Industrial
School as Dinner Bell Rings
Salem, Ore. Twelve or more girls,
inmates of the State Industrial school,
escaped from the institution Sunday
night and at a late hour eight or more
were still at large.
The girls who escaped, according to
the police, dashed away from the
Bchool while seated on the porch at
dinner time. Ringing of the bell
brought the girls to their feet, but in
stead of entering the dining hall 12 or
15 of them dashed from the porch and
scattered in all directions before the
eyes of the amazed employes. Mrs.
Hopkins, matron at the school, had
made no check of the girls and just
how many escaped was a question.
General Mills is Dead.
Washington, D. C Major General
Albert L. Mills, chief of the bureau of
military affairs, and holder of the
army medal of honor for bravery under
fire, builder of the new West Point
and former president of the army war
college, died here Monday after 15
hours' illness from pneumonia.
Apparently he was in the beBt of
health when he left his desk at the
War department last Saturday, and so
sudden was his death that many of his
fellow officers refused to believe first
reports that he was dead.
Holding of Cars Probed,
Lincoln, Neb. Asserting that the
acuteness of car shortage has created
an emergency, the Nebraska State
Railway commission has issued an or
der directing all roads doing business
in the state to ' appear September 25
and show cause why a new rule for the
return of cars to the delivering road
within a reasonable time, either under
load or empty, has not been observed.
This step was taken on account of re
ports that some railroads are not living
up to an agreement entered into last
February for return of cars.
Peaceful Unions Upheld.
Denver The right of organized or
unorganized bodies of persons peace
fully to persuade their fellow workers
to join a union was upheld by the
United States Court of Appeals here in
a decision handed down in a case from
a lower court in Western Arkansas.
The court, however, denounces lawless
methods of attempting to bring about
organization and sustained judgment
against Arkansas miners who are al
leged to have beaten a mine foreman.
Apple Crop Short.
Washington, D. C The department
of Agriculture estimates this year's
apple crop at 67,679,000 barrels of
three bushels each, as compared with
76,670,000 barrels last year. The crop
is larger than last year in the Pacific
Coast states, the department says, but
smaller in practically all the Interior
FRENCH WIN BATTLE
IN WESTERN FIELD
German Lines Pierced and Fighting is
Forced on Open Ground.
SWEEPING ADYANCE IS MADE
Kaiser's Hastily-Built Trenches Swept
Away Big French 75s Prevent
. Help Reaching Germans.
Paris For the first time in two
years a battle was waged Wednesday
on the western front in the open field,
where strategy, tactics and maneuvers
of troops rather than assaults on
trenches, won an advance. This, more
than anything else, serves to show the
extent of the French gains in the Som
me offensive and the tremendous ad
vances they have made.
Between Combles and the Somme
there is a gap more than four and a
half miles wide, cut clear through Ger
man lines of fortifications that were
two years in the building, and Wednes
day the French, debouching through
the gap, defeated the Germans in a
series of maneuvers in the open coun
try and drove them back a distance
varying from nearly three kilometers
on the north to a little more than 600
meters on the south, making possible
the capture of Bouchavesnes.
The battle was divided into three
parts, and was fought by troops battl
ing veritably for their homes, for the
French soldiers engaged were those
coming from the invaded districts.
Two nights of unremitting cannonad
ing utterly demolished the German
trenches and the difference between
the trenches here and those farther
west was shown by the results of the
The western lines were the finished
efforts of two years' labor of the best
miltary engineers in the world. The
trenches carried Wednesday were
those of an army operating in the field
which had been allowed a few days'
respite to dig itself in.
The difference was such that 30 min
utes after the charge sounded the
French carried the whole line of the
German entrenchments from Combles
to the river. This was the first part
of the battle, and it was followed by
the fight in the open.
As soon as the trenches were carried
the French guns were lifted, and the
75s raised a barrier east of the Peron-ne-Bethune
road, preventing the Ger
mans bringing up reinforcements,
while the French maneuvered in the
open country. The left wing swept
forward from a wood and drove the
Germans from hill 145, while another
regiment cleared Marrieras wood in
front of Bouchavesnes.
Poindexter Wins in Washington
Primary; Other Choices Made
Seattle, Wash. United States Sen
ator Miles Poindexter, who was elec
ted as a Republican six years ago and
who joined the Progressive party four
years ago, was renominated as the Re
publican candidate for senator in Tues
day's primary election, defeating Will
E. Humphrey, now representative in
congress from the First district, by a
plurality of more than 12,000, accord
ing to returns from two-thirds of the
Henry McBride, of Seattle, who was
governor of the state from 1901 to
1905, was nominated as the Republican
candidate for governor with the first
and second-choice votes. He received
a very large plurality in King county.
McBride was a leader of the Progres
sive party four years ago.
The Democratic vote was small, ow
ing to lack of contests. George Tur
ner, ex-United States senator, ap
pears to have been nominated for sen
ator over Robert Bridges. The other
Democratic nominees, there being op
position to none except Governor Lis
ter, and that only nominal, are:
Governor, Ernest Lister; Becreary
of Btate, J. M. Tadlock; treasurer,
George J. Galvin; insurance commis
sioner, J. H. Hamer; school superin
tendent, J. H. Morgan; Lieutenant
governor, Thomas Lally.
Channel Dug for Bear.
Eureka, Cal. Finding that there is
little to be accomplished by pulling on
the steamer Bear, aBhore near Cape
Mendocino, the salvage crew now is
placing its reliance on being able to
pump away enough sand from around
the steamer to make a basin for her.
This is proving slow work, as the tidal
action washes in sand in quantities
everyday; but reports indicate that
some headway is being made. In the
meantime the wrecking tug Salvador
at sea, and logging engines ashore are
keeping a strain on the lines.
Big Brick Building Falls.
Toledo, O. More than 100 persons
narrowly missed death Thursday night
when a four-story brick building on
Summit street, the city's main thor
oughfare, collapsed with but little
warning and tumbled into the street
crowded with shoppers and theater
goers. The crash was heard Beveral
blocks. Police, three hours later, after
workmen had searched the debris,
stated that no one was killed and none