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About The Maupin times. (Maupin, Or.) 1914-1930 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 4, 1916)
required to use them effectively,
The ordinary trapa Intended tor nits
and other rodents lire useless for tak
ing moles. Special mole traps, of
which there nre on the market three
general types, nre required, These
may he designated as the harpoon, the
BClssor-Jnw, and the choker types,
marked n, b, and c, respectively, In
the accompanying Illustration. Har
poon traps nre Intended to Impale the
mole In the soil by spring-driven
spikes. Solssor-jaw traps are to be
set astride the runway to grasp the
Mole Traps a, Harpoon; b, Scissor
Jaw; c, Choker.
mole when It attempts to pass In ei
ther direction. The choker trap has a
lnlr of wire loops that encircle' the
burrow when the trap Is set. All these
trapa are sprung hy the same sort of
mechanism a trigger pun resting on
a depressed place In the mole rhlge In
such way us to he lifted when the unl
41111I pusses beneath. No part of a set
mole trap should ever be In the run
way, us Its presence makes the unlmul
avoid the obstruction by burrowing
around or below It,
Direction! for Setting Trapa.
,' Only general directions for setting
mole traps can be given here, nor uro
detailed Instructions necessary, since
the makers of traps usually furnish
pool lit! directions for using them. A
mole trap can be successfully oper
ated only when set on that part of a
mole runway which Is near the sur
face and has the soil raised Into n
distinct ridge, newly worked. Freshly
broken soil usually Indicates thitttht
tunnel Is In use. When In doubt, the
operator may make a Hinall break lu
the ridge nud observe whether the
mole repairs It within n few hours. In
placing n trap, one of the stretches of
the runway that lends In a definite di
rection should be chosen rather than
one of the turns that may not be regu
larly traversed by the mole.
Before setting the trap. It Is well to
ascertain the course of the burrow by
thrusting down a lend pencil, or stick
of similar size. Tho trap selected
should then be lined up with tho course.
as nearly ns possible; the jaws of the
idssor-Jnw type should Btrnddle It, the
loops of the choker typo should encir
cle It, and the spikes of the harpoon
type should be directly above It. In
the case of the harpoon type, It Is best
to force the lmpidlng spikes Into the
ground once or twice to facilitate, their
penetrating Into the burrows when the
trap Is sprung. It Is desirable also, In
setting any of the traps, to depress on
ly tlmt part of the ridge Immediately
tinder the trigger pan, using tho hand
Instead of the foot for this purpose. A
little earth or a small chip of wood
may be placed under tho pan If neces
sary. Tho trigger catch should be set
as lightly as possible, and one should
avoid stepping on any part of the run
way near the trap. It w ill pay to visit
traps at least twice a day,
Moles are persistent In repairing
lireuks In their tunnels and limy often
be surprised at their work. It Is easy
then to capture the anliuut by Impaling
It with a fork or throwing It out by a
quick thrust of spade or shovel. A
section of tho runway may first be
broken open or leveled and the place
wntchetl until the animal Is observed
moving the roll.
Other Traps Used.
Holes are sometimes trapped In emp
ty glass Jars, gallon lxe. The jar
pigs cumiuc leeu conveniently, if too
low, the pigs will get Into the trough
In order to get the feed.
The trough set In a fence, parallel
to It, Is a very satisfactory arrange
ment. A swinging panel can be hung
above the trough. A latch slipping
crosswise nt the center of the panel
makes It possible to swing it In and
fasten it, thereby shutting out the pigs
until all the feed Is put Into the
The pig trough should be kept clean.
A thorough scrubbing occasionally will
be an advantage to the animals' health.
If the trough Is set on a cement feed
ing floor there will be less dirt and
ROOT CROPS FOR LIVE STOCK
Big Tonnage Secured From Beets and
Mangels Plants Draw Especial
ly Heavy on Phosphorus.
Sugar beets and mangels grown for
stock will produce big tonnages. Man
gels like a rather cool climate and
sugar beets are grown successfully In
about the sumo general latitude that
grapes are produced easily and some
what north of that belt, says a writer
In Farm and Home.
Put your root crops In a good fer
tile soil, plowed deep and well tilled,
If you expect a heavy tonnage. Work
up a good seedbed and If the land Is
not already very rich put on some
well rotted manure nfter plowing.
Hoot crops draw especially heavy on
Plant the beets In drills with the
rows far enough apart that cultiva
tion Is not difficult. Tut the rows
S!0 to 30 Inches apart. Plant about
corn-planting time. You will have to
hoe and thin them by hand.
Tankage makes pigs grow fast
Drainage improves alkali soils.
Pure seed, like purebred stock, Is
one of the farmer's greatest assets.
Our fields will soon be overrun by
an army of Invaders swat the weeds.
The ear teBt Is the only reliable
method for checking losses from bad
Rich soil rich farmer; and humus
is the biggest word In his dictionary
To the farm boy who wants to mix
with big things: "Nothing is bigger
A hog-tight fence around your door
yard Is the first step toward beautify
ing the farm home.
Live stock and soil fertility go band
in hand, Rich soils and big crops make
anotbor loving couple.
Drainage, the application of straw
and manure, and deep plowing will
curs those alkali spots.
Hogs on pasture need grain. "Cheap
feeds for pork" is necessary, but Quick
growth is also Important
The biggest word In the live-stock
buBlnesB is cleanliness. Most animal
diseases are filth diseases.
In the home garden plant the best
varieties not the best ylelders.
There's nothing too good tor the farm
er. See that the entrance to the farm Is
neat and clean. Appearances may be
Improved by a group of shrubs at
The problem of fertilizing tomatoes
can best be solved by a study of the
soil, tho plants' needs, and fertilizer
Concrete foundations extending
two and a half feet below the ground
and two teot above, will make build
ings rat proof.
Why Some Girls Receive More
Attention Than Others
By LAURA JEAN UBBEY
The cruel and the bitter word
That wounded as it fell,
The chilling want of sympathy
We feel but never tell;
The hard repulse that chills
Whose hopes were bounding high,
Are an unfading record kept
These things can never die.
Many an attractive girl has secret
ly wondered how it was that she, who
stylish and pleas
ing, did not re
ceive as much at
tention from the
young men as did
plainer girls who
could not have
curried on an in
sation for an?
length of time to
save their lives.
view, beauty in
woman does not
always count. If
she is Insipid,
vain or inclined
to be satirical, her good looks go for
naught ! Few men appreciate the girl
who knows too much, or thinks she
does, or the girl decked out in too
much finery, like the wax dummy fixed
up for show lu the drygoods store
The poor young man knows that he
could not finance extravagance in a
wife, and he gives the over-dressed
girl a letting alone. The young man
of means who can have everything he
wishes appreciates, above all else, sim
ple attire on a girl, absence of gew
gaws and cheap jewelry. The girl
who can talk brilliantly and well upon
any subject he might introduce, is so
well informed generally that he im
agines she could tench him lessons in
heart wooings instead of learning the
Feeding pens for the little chicks
will be necessary lu order to prevent
Injury to them by the older fowls.
You cun tell a laying hen ns far ns
you cun see her. Her comb Is always
bright and healthy looking.
If you do not intend to use hens for
hatching, break them up at once und
get them to laying again.
When the hens are laying regularly
more food should be supplied and with
more food comes the necessity of
When chicks or hens are confined In
small yards, It is best to feed little
and often in order to keep the birds
busy and contented.
Never grease the hen that is setting,
ns grease getting on the shells of the
eggs will close the pores and smother
Poultry yards should have shade for
chickens during the summer. If your
hens do not have shade, plant trees
for this purpose.
Make it a point to keep the chicks
busy scratching. Scatter fine grains
in tho litter, and by scratching it out
they will get the exercise necessary
ito good health.
Don't relax feeding the'ynuhg chicks
during the hot summer months, be
cause you think there Is plenty of
grass and bugs for them. They need
more than that.
Guard against the formation of egg
eating habits by giving the fowls plen
ty of lime, oyster shells, bone or sim
ilar substances to Insure a firm shell
upon the eggs.
Soak stale bread In sweet skim
milk, press out the milk as completely
as possible, and feed the chicks. Also
keep coarse sand before them; with
out it the chicks cannot grind their
Do not forget that In the composi
tion of an egg there is a great propor
tion of water, and the laying hen can
not produce eggs unless she has all
the water she wants, and at the time
she wants It.
Wise and Otherwise.
However, It Is fur better to grin
than to groan.
If you would please a woman, don't
The bass drum makes a lot of noise
because it Is empty.
The sap has stopped oozing from
the crop of spring poets.
How we dislike people who are al
ways dramatizing their troubles.
The world loves to remember the
)ust after they are dead and out of
The husband of a nagging woman
may furnish most of her because.
When a man gets the right brand
of religion his horse soon discovers It.
Widows are successful in handling
men because they know exactly what
not to do.
Put n man never has the same In
terest in life nfter he loses the prin
cipal he has In the bank.
It Is easier to elect a good man to
.iltloe than It Is to get him to stay good
nfter he Is elected.
What has become of the old-fnsh-ioned
woman who used to ojien a can
of peaches when she had company at
wonderful story from his Hps. Some
other girl might not be nearly so
pretty, but her innocence and modesty
make up for the absence of dimples
A man likes to feel In his heart that
his wisdom in all things worldly is
far superior to that of the woman he
would lead to the altar. The girl who
Is plain and poor usually makes up
for it in being exceedingly clever. A
young man never discovers how much
she really knows. She holds back
her best card by keeping that entire
ly to herself. A man desires to be
looked up to by his sweetheart instead
of being looked down upon.
It is more than apt to be a bright
girl's own fault If her less-attractive
sisters secure more attention from de
sirable young men than she does. She
would do well to study the situation
from every viewpoint, noting the true
reason as to why some other girls are
more popular han she and pattern
after their methods. Holding out stub
bornly against such a method only
hurts-herself. If a very quiet, retiring
girl seems to be most admired, she
should not be so voluble of tongue,
but allow the young man in whose
company she is to exert himself to
do the talking and entertaining. If
he has done all the talking, he has
dragged In by the enrs, so to speak,
subjects nearest his heart and inter
est. He leaves her under the Impres
sion that he has been extremely well
entertained. She has simply paid
keen attention and looked wise and
That's the kind of girl nine out of
n dozen will choose for a wife. Girls
should use diplomacy and lenrn to
curb their faults when they observe
less ottractlve girls passing them by
on the road to popularity or matri
mony. There Is always a string loose
In the harp when there Is a discord in
A Few Smiles.
He Didn't Land the Job.
Having advertised for a chauffeur,
the multimillionaire sought to test the
honesty of an applicant.
"Suppose,' said the man of millions,
"you were to find a pocketbook in the
machine containing $100,000 what
would you do about It?"
"I wouldn't do a blamed thing," re
plied the applicant, "but live on my
Income for the rest of my natural
Out of Sight.
First Coed Al-
mee is a freak.
What's the an
swer? First Coed In
stead of a pupil,
she has a college
professor In her
Just a Weigh He Had.
"Yes," said Mrs. Jfewcoin. "when
my husband returned from Europe he
weighed fifty pounds more than when
"Indeed!" exclaimed Mrs. DeStyle,
with an open-faced yawn. "Did the
customs officers forget to search
And the Winds Blew.
"Yes," said the
man from Texas,
"ours is a wonder
ful country. Where
I live you have
only to drop a
toothpick In a field
and a year later
you will have a
rejoined the Okla
homa man. "Up
where I hang out
all you have to do
Is to drop a sus
pender button la
the garden and the next morning yon
will have a pair of ready-made trou
sers." No Longer Convincing.
"Of course, you believe that great
oaks from little acorns grow?"
"Oh, yes," replied the cautious In
vestor, "but only in a literal sense.
I've seen that statement used so often
In literature seut out by wily pro
moters that as a metaphor It has en
tirely lost Its punch with me."
Of Course, Paw Knew,
Little Lemuel Say, paw, what Is
a bachelor maid?
Paw It's a term a girl applies to
herself after she has given up all
hopes of becoming a wife, my son.
"My husband's portrait, I would
have you know, Is now a nation-wide
"Why, Is It In the rogue's' gallery?"
"Sny, Jim, why do they call the fel
lers that drives the autos, shovers?'
"I guess It's because the folks what
has 'em wants to be In the push.''
HERZOG FINDS NO TROUBLE
IN HANDLING "HAL" CHASE
Former Yankee Star May Be Temper
amental, But Red Pilot Doesn't
Care, for He's Making Good.
When "Charley" Herzog signed
"Hal" Chase for the Reds many per
sons who professed to know asserted
the one-time Yankee star was too tem
peramental to play for the high-strung
Marylander, and that he would dis
rupt the harmony which then obtained
among the Herzogovians.
But the Redlnnd chief, eager to win
a pennant for the citadel beyond the
Rhine for the first time in the history
of the National league, didn't hesi
tate. He knew that "Hal" wasn't
through ns a major leaguer. To be
sure, Chase hadn't shown his old form
while pasting, for the Ruffeds, but
Herzog decided to take a chance on
him, and now he's envied by every
other manager in the majors.
"Hill" Chase has come back. He
has bolstered up the Red Clan where
It was weakest in the outfield. He is
a tower of strength to the offense as
well, and if the Reds succeed in fin
ishing well up, It is safe to say Chase
will have figured prominently In the
achievement," Herzog stated emphat
ically. "Why, of course, 'Hal' and I hit it
off well together. I don't find any
thing unusual In playing on the same
team with 'Hal.' I know he's a bril
liant ball player, and that he's perfect
ly human. He may be temperamental,
but so am I.
"I think 'Hal' Chase is the best first
baseman in the game today. We are
using him in the outfield because Moll
wltz' hitting is too valuable an asset
to have Idle, and 'Hal Is a corking out
fielder. Chase is playing the game all
the time and for all he's worth, and
when a man does that he won't have
much chance to go wrong with me."
How to Whiten Handkerchiefs.
To whiten handkerchiefs which
have become a bad color, soak them
for a night In a solution of pipe clay
and warm water. Wash and boll them
next day in the usual way, and they
will be beautifully white.
Dealing Frankly W th Child Does
Not Destroy Authority
By S1DONIE METZNER GRUENBERG
TO ERR is human, as any healthy
child can find out for himself
rather early in life. But most parents
seem to be Involved in a conspiracy to
maintain the doctrine that to err is
childish. They will sometimes go to
desperate lengths to uphold the pre
tense that adults or at least parents
can do no wrong, that they are prac
Every adult who has to deal with
younger people feels a certain author
ity and discipline to be absolutely nec
essary for maintaining right relations.
And there is the feeling that authority
would be weakened by the slightest in
timation that the adult had committed
an error. For muny people it Is quite
impossible to acknowledge frankly
that they have made a mistake. The
results of this attitude, however, In
stead of strengthening authority ac
tually destroy the respect which we
wish the young to have for the old.
Only too frequently do parents vent
the annoyance caused by business or
domestic irritations upon the innocent
head of the child that happens to come
along with some Indifferent request at
the critical moment. It Is so easy to
sny "Don't bother me now," or "Run
along, don't you see I am busy?" It
was a full-sized mother that apolo
gized to her sou for scolding him un
fairly after a scene with an Impudent
cook. He had come In with his friend
after skating, at the Inopportune time,
to ask for Jam and bread, and to de
Mother's Cook Book.
Delicate Sponge Cake.
This is an ideul cake for the little
people and will keep moist for days.
Grate the rind from a small lemon
and add it to one tablespoouful of the
juice. MIX together one pint of sift
ed flour (two cupfuls, one-quarter of a
teaspoonful of salt, and one teaspoonf ul
of baking powder. Separate the whites
from the yolks of six eggs, dropping
the yolks into the mixing bowl. Into
a saucepan put one cupful and a half
of granulated sugar nnd four table
spoonfuls of boiling water, place over
the fire and stir until the sugar Is dis
solved, then boll for one minute. Beat
the yolks until thick and slowly pour
over them the hot sirup, beating fast,
as one does in making frosting, beat
until the mixture Is cold and very
thick and spongy. Cool it by standing
the bowl in ice water. Add a part of
the flour mixture then the lemon, half
of the whites which have been whipped
dry and the remainder of the flour and
the whites. Mix all together lightly as
possible nnd bake in a shallow pan in;
a moderate oven.
Beat four yolks of eggs until light,
add a cupful of milk, one-half tea
spoonful of salt, one cupful of freshly
boiled rice, one tuhlespoonful of but
ter, one teaspoonful of sugar and suf
ficient flour to make a stiff drop bat
ter. Lastly stir in two teaspoonfuls
of baking powder and drop by spoon
fuls luto a kettle of hot fut. Cook un
til a golden brown, drain on paper and
serve at once with the following sauce :
Simmer together one cupful of wa
ter and a third of a cupful of sugar,
add a tablespoonful of cornstarch and
a pinch of salt, mixed in cold water,
then add to the hot sirup, cook until
well done. Add one tablespoonful each
of citron, raisins and cleaned currants
and steam them until well softened,
then add to the sauce and flavor with
ten drops of almond extract.
Cream a half a cupful of butter, add
one and a half cupfuls of sugar, mix
well together a half cupful of corn
starch and a cupful and a half of flour,
sifted before measuring, and two tea
spoonfuls of baking powder. Add the
flour alternately with a half cupful of
milk, and fold In the whites of six
eggs beaten stiff, flavor with a half
teaspoonful of almond extract and
bake in a loaf in a moderate oven.
Turn out a can of salmon nnd re
move the skin und bones, break into
good-sized flakes and put into a crock.
Strain the liquid from the fish Into a
saucepan, add an equal amount of wa
ter and twice as much vinegar, a dozen
cloves, half a teaspoonful of pepper
corns, one-half of a teasponful of salt
and a half a blade of mace. Bring to
the boiling point and pour over the
fish. Cover closely and let stand 24
hours before using.
Bigger Profits for Farmer.
Birds of a feather make bigger prof
its for the farmer.
posit the wet skates on the hall carpet.
The scolding would have destroyed
the appetite of ordinary people; In
tills case it only made Joe feel sorry
for himself. But later his mother
said: "I am very sorry, Joe, for the
way I treated you this afternoon. I
was irritated and tired, but I did not
mean to be rude." And then Joe was
so sorry for his mother, he Just went
up and hugged her and forgot to be
sorry for himself.
The cases In which parents misuse
their authority, judge children falsely,
forget to keep their promises, or oth
erwise act unfairly are common
enough. How common Is It for
parents to apologize to their children?
Most people would think off-hund that
to apologize would be to weaken their
position. But the very opposite Is
But If we resolve to deal with the
child frankly nud sincerely as a hu
man being, we need not multiply mis
takes for the purpose of making occa
sions to exercise the virtue of confes
sion and apology. With the best of
care we shall make mistakes enough.
We shall need to use all our wits and
nil our wisdom to consider well every
word and every deed that we may not
have to apologize so often that the
child must nt last get the notion that
nfter all the parents nre not much
wiser than children. Apologize when
ever you need to, but do not need to