I OF CURRENT WEEK Brief Resume of General News From All Around the Earth. UNIVERSAL HAPPENINGS IN A NUTSHEU Live News Items of All Nations and Pacific Northwest Condensed for Our Busy Readers. Three deaths from heat were report ed to the police in St. Louis Tuesday. The victims were elderly men. The highest temperature was 94 degrees. Herbert Munter, a Seattle aviator, flying at South Bend, Wash., while 3000 feet in the air had to descend when the crank shaft of his engine broke. He landed safely on the tide flats. The London war office announced that the necessary passenger traffic be tween Great Britain and the Continent would be regulated closely and reduced as far as possible. Only those having good reason will be permitted to travel. While Rev. C. E. Helman was in the midst of a sermon on "Cair Country," in the Baker, Ore., Methodist church, the artillery of the heavens let loose and his congregation was startled by a flaah of lightning that passed just over their heads. A bill to establish a National park service, with a compensation system of supervision, and a bill to accept from the state of Oregon exclusive jurisdiction over the Crater Lake Na tional park, were among measures passed by the house of representatives. Elbert H. Gary, chairman of the United States Steel corporation, in a statement just issued, asserts that the steel business of the United States for domestic use and for export is better than ever in its history. Production is larger, profits greater and workmen are receiving higher wages. No soldier along the border is to be without a Bible, if efforts now being made to provide each fighting man with a pocket-size khaki-bound volume at a cost of 5 cents are successful. The army chaplains who have been in terested in the movement are lending their assistance to it. The Bibles are provided at cost. General Trevino reported Wednesday night to the Mexican war department that several wounded American sol diers, who belonged to detachments en gaged in the fight at Carrizal, have been found in different parts of the state of Chihuahua. He said they were being returned to the American side as soon as encountered. The customs bureau of the Treasury department beginB an examination to learn the total amount of arms and am munition that has been exported to Mexico within the last year. The work was undertaken at the request of the War department. Orders were sent to all customs inspectors to tabu late the information and send it to Washington as soon as possible. The epidemic of infantile paralysis, which has claimed 82 lives in and near New York City within the last eight days, continues to gain. From Satur day noon until noon Wednesday, 87 cases developed and 23 persons died of the disease. A total of 456 cases and 94 deaths have been reported since January 1. It was announced that the Rockefeller Institute is planning to in augurate a field campaign against the disease. As a result of a family quarrel near Pearl, Wash., 14 miles southeast of Bridgeport, Claude Tinker killed his mother and his brother, Frank. He also attempted to kill his father, who is a well-known rancher in that vicin ity, but did not succeed. It was announced at army headquar ters in San Francisco that orders had been received from Washington for bidding the giving out of any informa tion regarding troop movements, Fed eral or National Guard, in the Western department. The name of the Pacific Reserve Fleet, with headquarters at the Puget Sound navy yard, has been changed to "Reserve Force, U. S. Pacific Fleet." Six vessels of the reserve force are in Mexican and California waters under command of Rear Admiral Fullam, who Bhifted his flag from the cruiser Pittsburg to the cruiaer Colorado. His title henceforth will be commander of the Reserve Force, Pacific Fleet, in stead of commander-in-chief of the Pa cific Reserve Fleet. Thomas Kelley, millionaire con tractor, accused of defrauding the pro vince of Manitoba in the erection of Parliament buildings at Winnipeg, was found guilty by a jury In Assize court. Bandits attacked the bridge over the Medina river at MacDona, Tex., about 20 miles southwest of San Antonio, Friday night, according to a report. The bridge guard of United States soldiers routed their assailants, who fled In the darkness. Two Americans were wounded. One of the bandits was taken prisoner. MRS. HETTY GREEN, WORLD'S RICHEST WOMAN, DIES AT 80 New York Mrs. Hetty Green, known as the world's wealthiest wo man, whose fortune is estimated as high as $100,000,000, died here Mon day, aged 80 years. She had Buffered three strokes of paralysis in the last two months and for several weeks had been practically helpless. Her death occurred at 8:05 o'clock at the home of her son, Colonel Ed ward H. R. Green, adjoining the plain brick four-story house on the corner of Central Park West, where Mrs. Green had lived lately in seclusion, except for her son and several Japanese serv ants and trained nurses. Wall street's estimates of Mrs. Green's fortune range from $20,000, 000 to $100,000,000. Officials of the Chemical National bank, in which Mi's. Green once made her downtown head quarters, declined to hazard a guess concerning the size of her estate. Hetty Green was the world's most remarkable mistress of finance. The richest woman in America, she lived almost as frugally as a shop-girl. Her home was wherever she chose for a time to hang her little black crepe and bonnet, often in the hall bedroom of some cheap boarding house or in some remote and modest fiat around New York. Mrs. Green's eccentric extremes of economy led to the popular misconcep tion of her as a Belf-made woman. As a matter of fact she was born rich. In 1865 she inherietd some $10,000, 000, which accumulated upon itself until in 60 years it had mutliplied nearly ten times. She also inherited family traditions which had been a pride for three centuries, and which she was anxious to perpetuate in her children. Blame for Recent Irish Uprising Placed by Royal Commission London The Royal commission which investiagted the Irish rebellion in its report submitted Tuesday says the responsibility for the outbreak does not rest with Baron Wimborne, the lord lieutenant, since resigned, who is declared to have been in no way answerable for the policy of the gov ernment. The chief secretary for Ireland, Au gustine Birrell, who resigned shortly after the suppression of the outbreak, was primarily responsible, say the re port. The Royal commission was presided over by Baron Hardings. Outlining the causes of the outbreak in Ireland, the report says : The fact should be borne in mind that there iB always a Bection of opin ion in that country bitterly opposed to British connection and that in times of excitement this section can impose its sentiments on largely increased numbers of the poeple." The report points out that it is out side the scope of the commission's in structions to inquire how far the policy of the Irish executive was adpoted by the cabinet, or to attach responsibility to any but the civil and military exec utive in Ireland. The report then gives these conclusions : "That the main cause of the rebel lion appears to be that lawlessness was allowed to grow up unchecked and that Ireland for several years had been administered on the principle that it was safer and more expedient to leave the law in abeyance if a collision with any faction of the Irish people could therefore be avoided." The importation of large quantities of arms into Ireland and the toleration of drilling by large bodies of men, the report says, created conditions which rendered possible the recent troubles in Dublin and elsewhere. , "It appears to us," said the commis sioners, "that reluctance was shown by the Irish government to repress by prosecution written and spoken utter ances and to suppress drilling and maneuvering of armed forces known to be under control of men who openly were declaring their hostility to your majesty's government. "There developed widespread belief that no repressive measures would be undertaken by the government against sedition. "This led to a rapid increase of preparation for insurrection and was the immediate cruse of the recent out break. We are of the opinion that on the outbreak of the war all drilling and maneuvering by unrecognized bod ies of men, whether armed or un armed, should have been strictly pro hibited." Seven Killed in Explosion. Emporium, Ta. Six men were in stanty Willed, one died aboard a train to a hospital and five others were sen- ousy burned about the body here Sun day afternoon when several thousand pounds of powder exploded in the dry house at the Aetna Explosives com pany's plant. The dry house was de molished and the ruins ignited, threat ening adjoining property. Fifteen men were working in the building when the explosion took place. Three standing near a door were blown from the building, with but minor injuries. Russians Continue to Win. Petrogad Russian troops continue to drive back the Austro-Hungarian army in the region south of the Dneis- ter river, in Galicia, says the Russian official statement issued Sunday .Many places south of Kolomea have been oc cupied by forces of Emperor Nichol as. It is announced that on June 28 and 29 General Letchitsky took prison er 805 officers and 14,674 men, making a total of 217,000 Austrc-Hungarians captured since June 4. CARRANZA'S REPLY Will BE DEFIANT Washington Grows Impatient at Delay of Mexico City. BREAK APPEARS UNAVOIDABLE No Change in Policy Toward Mexico Contemplated by Wilson-Offer to Protect Border Likely. Washington, D. C. While adminis tration officials manifested impatience Saturday over the delay of the Car ranza government in replying to the American demand for an explanation of its purposes, private advices from Mexico City indicated that a defiant answer was being prepared there. The State department has had no di rect information as to when the Mexi can response would be sent or how it would be transmitted. Secretary Lan sing called this fact to the attention of Eliseo Arredondo, Mexican ambas sador designate, during the day and in dicated that he did not understand the delay, in view of the statement in the American note of lest Saturday that an early answer was expected. Mr. Arredondo, who had called to announce formally the release of the Carrizal prisoners, said he had not heard from his government on the sub ject. The private messages, sent by per sons in a position to speak with some authority as to General Carranza's at titude, expressed the conviction that a break between the two governments was unavoidable. There appeared to be complete agreement among mem bers of the Mexican cabinet, it was in dicated, that orders to General Trevino to attack American troops moving in any direction except toward the bor der be reaffirmed. Some de facto offi cials wished to go further and couple with this statement in the Mexican reply a defiant demand that American troops be withdrawn immediately from Mexican sou. Intimation have reached officials here that the de facto govenment may give strong assurances in its note that border raids will be prevented by a strong patrol of Mexican troops, if the United States will withdraw its forces. It was said at the Mexican embassy that 50,000 Carranza troops are now available for border patrol duty. 1 he cabinet had no official advices in any way changing the situation when it assembled at a regular meet ing. The crisis was discussed and later it was stated that no change in policy was contemplated. Fire Destroys U. S. Munitions, Dock and Warehouse at Seattle Seattle, Wash. Fire that was dis covered at 11 o'clock Friday night on Pier 11, known generally as the Orien tal dock, at the foot of Virginia Btreet, destroyed the pier and its warehouse, which was occupied by the United States army quartermaster's depart ment and W. F. Jahn & Co., dealers in building material, hay and grain. Large quantities of army supplies in the warehouse were destroyed. The burning of cartridges and shells caused a succession of rattling explosions. An unidentified boy about 11 years old, standing in front of the state arm ory on top of a bluff a block distant, watching the fire, was Btruck by a fragment of a bursting Bhell and in stantly killed. The financial loss of the fire is esti mated at $500,000. The United States cable repair steamer Burnside was at the pier when the fire broke out, but was taken out into the stream by her crew before much damage was done. Her upper works were slightly scorched. The fire burned with extraordinary fury and the firemen were able only to save the adjoining piers and the ware houses to the rear of the burning structure. Sir Roger Casement Sentenced to Die. London Sir Roger Casement was convicted of treason for leading the re cent Irish revolt and sentence of death was at once imposed. After Sir Roger had been sentenced, Daniel J. Bailey, the private soldier, who had been held as his accomplice, was placed in the dock. The chief justice directed the jury to return a verdict of not gulity and Bailey was discharged. Sir Roger received his sentence with the utmost composure, Bmiling at friends in the court room. His statement was a plea for the right to be tried by Irishmen. Battle In Baltic Sea. Berlin An official statement issued by the German admiralty says: "Thursday night German torpedo boats attacked Russian forces consist ing of an armored cruiser, a protected cruiser and five destroyers, between Havringe and Landsort (islands in the Baltic Sea off Soderman Land, Swe den). After a short engagement the Russians witdrew. Despite a heavy bombardment we sustained no casual ties nor damage." SUCCESS FOLLOWS BIG DRIVE BY ALLIES British Capture Fricourt From Germans After Desperate Battle. FRENCH ADD MORE PRISONERS Teutons Retreat Before French Drive Near Hardecourt Lose Many Trenches Also to British. London Fricourt, three miles east of Albert, the scene of desperate fight ing between the British and Germans since the entente allied offensive was begun Saturday morning, has been cap tured by the British, according to an official statement issued Sunday night. Ihe Btatement says: "Substantial progress has been made in the vicinity of Fricourt, which was captured by us at 2 p. m. "Up to noon some 800 more prison ers had been taken in the operations between the Ancre and the Somme. bringing the total up to 3500, includ ing those captured on other parts of the front Saturday night." The official statement by the French war office at Paris says that south of the Somme the French have forced their way into the second line of the German entrenchments at several places and have captured the village of Fries and the Mereaucourt wood. The number of unwounded prisoners taken in the two days' battle now is said to be more than 6000. Sunday night's statement by the French war office said that in the fighting south of Arras Saturday the French took a total of 5000 prisoners. In the course of the night French troops captured the village of Curlu, about seven miles southwest of Albert. A heavy German counter-attack on the village of Hardecourt, nfirth of Curlu, was repulsed, the statement adds. After repeated assaults the Germans were obliged to retreat in disorder. London July 2. The British troops in their great drive in France have captured a German labyrinth of trenches on a front of seven miles to a depth of 1000 yards and the villages of Montauman and Mammetz. North of the Ancre valley, according to the official statement, the British have not been able to hold sections of the ground gained in their first at tacks. Two thousand German pris oners have been taken. Hughes Plans Trip to Pacific Coast Cities First of August Bridgehampton, N. Y. Unless he changes has plans, Charles E. Hughes, in all probability will inaugurate his campaign for the Presidency in the second week in August, starting on a tour which will take him to the Pacific Coast. The present purely tentative arrangements provide for addresses in about 10 leading cities, probably St. Paul, Portland, Or.; Seattle, Wash.; San Francisco, Los Angeles, Salt Lake City, Kansas City, St. Louis and Chi cago among others. Mr. Hughes intends this swing around the circle as merely prelimi nary to one or two whirlwind tours. He hopes to avoid rear-platform speak ing on the first long trip. Mother and Baby Washed Away By 15-Foot Wall of Water Pendleton, Ore. Mrs. M. C. Mc Cabe, a rancher's wife, and her infant boy were drowned Saturday night about 5 o'clock when a cloudburst broke over upper Butter Creek canyon, 43 miles southwest of Pendleton, and a wall of water swept down upon their home. Mrs. McCabe 'b body was found five miles further down McDonald can yon Sunday morning by a searching party. The baby's body was found la ter. Mr. McCabe, her three children and some men were in the McCabe house and knew nothing of the flood until it struck the house, tearing it asunder and carrying away Mrs. Mc Cabe and the child. The other chil dren were rescued by the men, I. W. W. Leaders Threaten. St. Paul Declaring their personal liberties as citizens have been violated by the order of Governor Burnquist for the sheriff of St. Louis county to dis arm all striking miners, nine I. W. W. leaders at Virginia, in a telegram re ceived Sunday night, ask if they are in Russia. The message is a demand that the chief executive of the state remove all mine guards from within the city limits of mining towns on the range. "Otherwise," the statement reads, "our miners will be instructed to defend themselves." Italians In New Attack. Rome, via London Continuing their offensive in the Trentino, the Italians have begun an attack on the Austrian fortified positions between Kugna Tot ya and Foppiano, says the Italian offi cial statement issued Sunday. The Austrians were driven from sections of trenches north of Pedescala, the dis patch adds, and some more trenches were carried between Selz and Monfal cone. In the latter battle 195 Aus trians were taken prisoners. NATIONAL BODY OF BOY SCOUTS MAY GIVE AID ALONG BORDER New York In the event of war with Mexico, nearly 200,000 members of the Boy Scouts of America are pre pared to offer their services through co-operation with municipal authorities in the various communities where boy troops exist, it was announced here at the national headquarters of the organ ization. The policy not to participate in mil itary operations will not be altered, but the services of the young scouts will be volunteered along the line of civic needs, including such assistance as may be rendered to the National American Red Cross should the neces sities of war tax Red Cross resources. In cities from which the National Guard has been sent to the front the Boy Scouts will be prepared for spe cial police duty in case of emergency. "To Scouts who live in the commu nities near the Mexican border there may come special opportunities for service," the announcement adds. "While it is not seriously expected that any invasion can take place, yet the task of defending property and lives may seriously tax the authorities of city and town governments to such an extent as to make it desirable for arrangements to be made through the civic authorities for the older Scouts to co-operate by guarding water sup plies, telegraph lines and other im portant property which might be greatly damaged by the enemy." House Votes $2,000,000 to Aid Guardsmen's Dependent Families Washington, D. C. The Hay bill appropriating $2,000,000 for depend ent families of National guardsmen called or drafted in the present emerg ency, was passed by the house Satur day. The bill, which now goes to the senate, allows not exceeding $50 a month to the dependent families in the discretion of the secretary of war. No measure before the senate in months has arrayed the radicals against the conservativies so clearly as the Hay militia draft bill, or rather the $60 a month pension provision of that resolution which was defeated in the senate by a vote of 45 to 30 at its first appearance. The 30 senators who voted to pay the families of National guardsmen $50 a month during the time the volunteers are on the border or in Mexico were, with two excep tions, the recognized radical members of the senate. Senator Culberson, of Texas, and Senator Walsh of Montana, were the two senators out of their class. Texas Town Burned. Brownsville, Tex. The business section of Pharr, headquarters for the 3d brigade of the New York national guard, was almost wiped out by fire, starting at 2 :30 Sunday morning. The loss was about $50,000. Army equipment for the New York guard was some distance from the fire and was not damaged. A large ship ment of fresh meat intended for the commissary was burned in the de- struction of the butcher shop. Pharr is 60 miles west of Brownsville. Army officers who investigated re ports of incendiarism reported to Gen eral Parker here that no suspicious circumstances were found, although the cause remained undiscovered. Another Survivor Found. El Paso, Tex. Another survivor of the Carrizal fight was located Sunday. He is Corporal F. X. Cooke, of Troop K, lenth Cavalry, who was brought in to Juarez from Villa Ahumada and placed in prison. General FranciBco Gonzales, Juraez commander, telegraphed General Jac into Trevino at Chihuahua for instruc tions, and it is probable Cooke will be turned over to the Americans. Corporal Cooke, in addition to tell ing a thrilling story of his adventures since the battle with the Mexicans un der General Gomez, added his state ment to that of other survivors that the Mexicans fired the first shots of the engagement! Idaho Politician Held for Murder, Wallace, Ida. Clarence Dahlquist died Sunday from wounds inflicted by Herman J. Rossi, a political leader of Idaho, in a shooting affray in the lob by of a local hotel. Dahlquist made no statement so far as known concern ing the events, leading up to the shoot ing and Kossi maintains a strict si lence. The shooting is said to have resulted from family troubles. Rossi, who was under bond on a charge of as sault to commit murder, was rearrest ed immediately after the death of Dahlquist and arraigned for murder. British Gain In Africa. London Another victory for the British against the Germans in Ger man East AfirCa was announced Sun day night in an official statement as follows : "General Northey, who has been operating east of the Livingstone Mountains against the Germans, has ejected them from the important Ubena center and driven them north ward. Gen. Northey has taken booty and prisoners and inflicted losses." Mexicans Patrol Border. Douglas, N. M. General Calles placed a patrol of Mexican soldiers Sunday night along the border here, paralleling the United States patrol. It was the first time in several months that Mexican troops were placed on guard at the international line. CRISIS IS STAYED BY TROOPERS' RELEASE Immediate Break With Mexico Averted by Action of Carranza. ANSWER TO NOTE IS AWAITED Preparations at Border to Go Stead ily Forward Diplomatic Nego tiations Thought Possible. Washington, D. C. An immediate break between the United States and the de facto government . has been averted by compliance with the Amer ican demand for release of the 23 troopers captured at Carrizal. Whether a state of war has been prevented or merely postponed no one here would attempt to say. Official information as to the attitude of Gen eral Carranza was lacking. Until his response to Secretary Lansing's note, diBpatched Sunday, making two per emptory and distinct demands, is re ceived, there will be no decision on whether President Wilson shall lay the crisis before congress. The news of the release of the pris oners, received late Wednesday in press dispatches, brought undisguised relief to high officials. It was ac cepted as correct, although no an nouncement has come through official sources. Moreover, it was assumed that Carranza, impressed with the urgency of the situation, had ordered the captured cavalrymen started for the border without waiting for his an nouncement of the action to reach Washington. While it is generally conceded that this move lessens tension and makes the crisis less imminent, no one con versant with the grave problem is los ing sight of the fact that the all-important question of Carranza's attitude toward the American expedition across the border to protect the territory and citziens of the United States from bandit outrages remains unsettled. If the de facto government stands upon the orders of General Trevino to at tack Pershing's men when they move otherwise than toward the border, the situation actually is just what is was before, except that there now is a pos sibility of diplomatic negotiations that did not exist while the Americans were held prisoner in Chihuahua. The preparations of the United States War department will go stead ily forward. There will be no inter ruption of the rush of Rational guards men to the border, and General Fun- ston will continue disposition of the forces under his command as though he expects an immediate attack from the Mexicans. Congress Drops Provision to Aid Dependent Families of Guardsmen Washington, D. C An agreement under which the army drttft resoultion will be put through, without any pro vision for relief of dependent families of National guardsmen drafted into the Federal service, was reached late Wednesday by the house and senate leaders. A conference report elimi nating entirely the relief proposal on which the conferees had split was ap proved by the house without opposition! just before adjournment and is expect ed to be accepted by the senate. In submitting the conference report to the house, Chairman Hay, of the military committee said the house con ferees had consented to sacrifice their $1,000,000 relief proposal only after Secretary Barker had telephoned to the capitol that immediate passage of the resolution in some form was impera tive. Mr. Hay announced he would intro duce the appropriation section as a separate bill and Speaker Clarke said he would entertain a motion Monday for passage of the measure under a suspension of rules. As finally agreed to, the resolution authorizes the President to use as Fed eral soldiers all members of the Na tional guard willing to take the re quired oath for Fedreal service and permits consolidation of scattered and incomplete guard units. Marines Battle Dominicans, Washington, D. C One American soldier was killed and another wounded in an engagement reported Thursday bv Rear Admiral Canerton het wppn the United States marines and Santo Domingo rebels, in which the latter were routed. The rebel losses were not (riven. The name nf th mnri no- killed was given as Private John Acri ment, of the 27th company. His name does not appear in Navy department records. Albert Vieldaum, of Aber deen, Wash., a private of the 27th, was wounded. Uncle Joe Would Invade. Washington. D. C. Rnnhlix.n, criticism of President Wilson's Mexi can policy marked debate in the house Wednesday on an urgent deficiency ap propriation bill, carrying approximate ly $28,000,000 asked for by the War department to C0V6r RftV. Pnn inmonf and transportation of National Guards. tx-apeaner cannon attacked what he called a "wishv-washv" cniiraA nnH ad vocated going into Mexico with lama. forces to set up a military government.