Image provided by: Hood River County Library District; Hood River, OR
About The Maupin times. (Maupin, Or.) 1914-1930 | View Entire Issue (March 24, 1916)
EUROPE ASKS BIDS
ON TRENCH STAKES
Allies Want 8,000,000 reel fir
- from Portland Mills.
SEEK SPRUCE TO BUILD AEROPLANES
Railroads Buy Material for Thousand
Freight Cars Order Must Be
Filled in Three Months.
Portland Lumber mills have been
asked to bid on an order for 8,000,000
feet of trench posts and pickets for
use by the allied powers in the war
The posts are to be 2x4 inches and
four feet long, sharpened at one end,
and will be used for stringing barbed
wire along the trenches. They are to
be used on the fighting front in
France, and delivery will have to be
made from Portland within 90 days.
This will insure them reaching Europe,
barring marine accidents, by Septem
ber. The order may be for all or part
of the 8,000,000 feet.
A large domestic order for lumber
for railroad cars has been placed with
the Douglas Fir Lumber company, of
Portland. The order calls for -2,000,-000
feet of fir.
The European governments are also
in the Portland market for as much
high-grade spruce as can be obtained,
it was learned on good authority here.
This spruce brings $30 to $100 a thou
sand, and is for building areoplanes.
The allies' agents for trench posts
have been authorized to ask for bids in
Portland and British Columbia. It is
presumed by local lumbermen, ship
owners and agents in Portland that
about 4,000,000 feet will be taken
from Portland. The posts would be
cut from Douglas fir and tied in bun
dles of 10 to 20. The cost would be
around $15 to $16 a thousand feet,
bringing to Portland, if the order is
placed here, between $50,000 and $76,
000 for the 4,000,000 feet.
' The local river mills could turn out
the order within less time than the
specifications now in Portland hands
require. The lumber posts could be
handled easily by two of the large
Bteamers, and the canal route could be
The domestic order which has been
placed with the Douglas Fir Lumber
company of Portland calls for 2,000, -000
feet of Douglas fir to be used in
the construction of 1000 automobile
cars and 500 stock car for the Chicago
& Northwestern railroad. The order
was placed by the Western Steel
Car & Foundry company, of Chicago.
It will take 80 cars to carry it East.
E. B. Hazen, vice president of the
Douglas Fir Lumber company, said that
the order has been put in the hands
of local and Bridal Veil mills and
would be finished in about a "week.
The order represents about $50,000.
The European powers, it was estab
lished beyond reasonable doubt, are ac
tually seeking large spruce orders in
the Pacific Northwest, principally Ore
gon. Local lumbermen admit that
they were unable to fill the orders as
fast as they were being received. The
spruce required is of a fine grade and
brings from $30 to $100 a thousand
feet. In the last two years about 10,
000, 000 feet has been taken out of the
Northwest for the construction of
aeroplanes for the European powers.
This confirmation lends considerable
credence to the report from Marshfiled
that the Russian government was seek
ing 50,000,000 of spruce in the Coob
Blame Denied by Berlin.
Berlin No German submarine could
have been in the vicinity of the spot
where the Dutch liner Tubantia was
sunk, and no German mines had been
laid in this region, the German ad
miralty announces. The official state
ment says: "A German submarine is
out of the question in connection with
the sinking of the Tubantia, as the
place where the accident took place is
less than 30 miles from the Dutch
coast, which means that this place is
within the territory declared to be not
dangerous for shipping by the mam
festo of. February 4, 1915."
Hospital Ship Is Sunk.
Berlin The Austro-Hungarian hos
pital ship Elektra was torpedoed Sat
urday in the Adriatic sea by an entente
allied submarine, according to the
Overseas News agency. One sailor
was drowned and two Red Cross nurses
were seriously wounded. "Vienna re
ports that the hospital ship Elektra, of
the Austro-Hungarian Red Cross, was
torpedoed in the North Adriatic by an
enemy submarine. The steamer
stranded. The Elektra was not unkown
to the enemy as a hospital ship, and
was provided with visible marks."
Two in Counterfeiting Net.
Seattle John Ryan, alias J. E. Mur
phy, and a man giving his name as
Jim Ryan were arrested by the police
Monday and held for investigation by
Federal officers in connection with the
circulation of counterfeit Federal re
serve bank notes in Pacific Coast cities.
Captain Foster, of the United States
Secret Service, said John Ryan had
served a sentence at Walla Walla. The
local Secret Service office received
word that the plates with which the
counterfeit notes had been printed had
been found in San Francisco.
Auto Kills Bridal Pair.
Dubuque, Iowa. T. J. Fitzpatrick,
an attorney, and his bride of two
months, were killed, and Mrs. Marga
ret Morrison, mother of the young wo
man, and Mrs. David Hack, daughter
of President Gorman, of the Rock
Island railroad, were injured when
their automobile left the road and fell
down a 10-foot embankment near here.
The occupants were pined under the
ear. Mr. Fitzpatrick is believed to
have lost control of the machine.
SEAPLANE LOST IN RAID OVER
ENGLAND NINEKILLED IN ATTACK
London Nine persons were killed
and 31 wounded in a raid of four Ger
man aeroplanes over the East coast of
Kent Sunday, it was announced offi
cially here. A British airman brought
down one raider over the sea, the Ger
man observer being killed.
The official statement on the raid
"Four German seaplanes flew over
Kent Sunday. The first pair appeared
over Dover at a height of 6000 to 6000
feet, one at 1 :57 p. m. the second at
2:02 p. m.
"The first dropped six bombs in the
harbor; then went northward, drop
ping bombs on the town. The other
raider, after passing over Dover, ap
peared over Deal.
"The second pair appeared over
Ramegate at 2:10. They dropped
bombs on the town. One of this pair
went west, the other north, pursued
by a British aeroplane. One bomb is
. REAR ADMIRAL FISKE
Rear Admiral Bradley A. Flake, U. 8.
N., now retired and attached to the
staff of the naval war college at New
port, is the inventor of a flying torpedo
boat on which patents have been grant
ed. It is equipped with apparatus to
carry and launch from the air the reg
ulation Whitehead torpedo, the pro
pelling mechanism of which ll started
by the Impact with the water.
reported to have been dropped on Mar
gate. "The second machine appeared over
Westgate at 2 :20. Here several of
our aeroplanes went up in pursuit.
No bombs were dropped on Westgate.
The total casualties so far as report
ed: Killed, three men, one woman
and five children. Injured, 15 men,
five women, nine children. As far as
ascertained 18 bombs were dropped al
together. "One bomb fell on the Canadian hos
pital at Ramsgate, causing damage
but no casualties. Several houses, the
homes of artisans and cottagers, were
French Destroyer Sunk by
Torpedo in Adriatic Sea
Paris The French torpedo boat de
stroyer Renaudin has been sunk in the
Adriatic by a submarine. Three offi
cers and 44 of the crew were lost
Two omcers and 34 of the crew were
The ministry of marine made the
following official announcement regard
ing the loss of the destroyer:
"The squadron torpedo boat Renau
din was sunk in the Adriatic by an en
emy submarine on the morning of
March 18. Three officers, among
whom were the commandant and sec
ond officer, and 44 seamen were lost
Two omcers and 34 seamen were res
cued by a French torpedo boat which
accompanied the Renaudin. "
British Repulse Turks.
London News of an engagement be
tween British and Turkish forces near
Aden, in which the British were suc
cessful, was given out in an official
statement, as follows :
"A Turkish force, accompanied by
three German officers, attacked a Brit
ish outpost at Imad, about 10 miles
from Aden, on the 16th, suffered a
severe repulse and was pursued four
miles. The next day 17 Turkish dead
were found on the field. Our losses
were one Indian soldier killed and one
British officer and 16 men wounded."
Tongs Sign 15-Day Truce.
San Francisco Special details of
policemen and detectives were removed
from San Francisco's Chinatown Sun
day when announcement was made
from a Chinese peace conference that
a truce had been signed between the
Hop Sing and Suey Ong tongs to ex
tend 15 days. During the truce an at
tempt will be made, it was said, to
settle by indemnity claims of the Bow
On tong and the Lee family for mem
bers slain by mistake during the recent
outbreak in the course of which 10 tong
men were shot, three of whom died.
Raiders Put Outside Law.
Mexico City General Obregon is
sued a decree Sunday declaring all par
ticipants in the Columbus raid outside
the law. The decree gives the right
to any citizen to apprehend and kill, if
necessary, the followers of Villa who
crossed the American frontier.
The first victim of this decree was
summarily executed Monday in the
city of Hermosillo, near which place he
was captured by men who denounced
1 e )
him as one of the raiding party.
ENGLAND PUTS BAN
ON MANY LUXURIES
Strict Council Order Due Soon
to Relieve Shipping.
IMPORTS FROM U.S.T0 BE CURTAILED
All Space in Vessels Now Needed for
Necessities Autos, Musical
Instruments, Cutlery, Hit.
London A far-reaching order in
council, which will totally prohibit im
portation into the United Kingdom of
a large number of articles which come
under the general heading of luxuries,
will be issued by the British govern
ment at an early date. '
Among the things which will be
placed under the ban will be automo
biles for private use, musical instru
ments, cutlery of all kinds, hardware,
yarns, chinaware, fancy goods and
soaps. The order will apply equally to
all countries, including the British
dominions and colonies.
This forecast of the coming order in
council was given to the Associated
Press Saturday by Walter Runciman,
president of the board of trade. Mr.
Runciman admitted that articles in ad
dition to those named would be placed
on the list of prohibited imports. He
declared it was absolutely necessary to
limit the shipment of bulky luxuries
to provide room on ships for necessar
ies. "But please remember," said Mr.
Runciman, "that the issuance of this
order is forced on the country not as
a matter of policy, but entirely be
cause of shortage in tonnage. We
want exports from the United States;
we want your wheat, cotton and meat,
and we need other things which we
cannot get if the space aboard vessels
is taken up with luxuries.
"Everything possible is being done
to relieve the shortage in Bhips. Every
ship flying the British flag is now con
trolled by the government. Immense
numbers of them have been requisi
tioned. Others are subject to direc
tion by way of license. Whether it
will be necessary to requisition more
vessels I cannot say, but for my part I
hope that this will not be done."
Mr. Runciman said the importation
of some fresh fruits probably would be
prohibited later, but he pointed out
that this would affect the United
States only slightly. Turning from
the matter of imports to the general
industrial situation in the British
Isles, Mr. Runciman said there never
had been greater activity in the larger
industries, that wages were higher
than ever before, and that the percent
age of unemployment never had been
so small in the history of the country.
$40,000 a Day Is Cost of
Pursuit of Mexican Bandit Villa
El Paso, Tex. The United States'
pursuit of Villa, under present ar
rangements, is costing the government
$40,000 a day, according to estimates
made here Saturday by army officers.
Carranza officials, it was learned,
have been discussing with some con
cern whether American troops during
the Villa pursuit would have to occupy
any Mexican cities and the effect of
such occupation on Mexican public sen
timent. The Carranza officers have
frankly expressed the hope that the
garrisoning of the cities can be left to
their own troops.
The American army s choice of the
Chihuahua desert as its place of entry
precludes for the present such a prob
lem as city garrison duty.
Water Purifiers Ordered.
New York Orders were received by
the United States depot quartermaster
here for 125 water purifiers to equip
the American troops in their campaign
against Villa in Mexico. The purifi
ers are intended to prevent the spread
of disease which might follow the
drinking of unsterilized water from
poolB or rivers. They are canvas-cov
ered rubber bags, each with a capacity
of 20 gallons. . When the water is
dipped from pools and placed in the
bags, purifying chemicals are added,
and the water can be safely used.
Child Labor Bill Disliked.
Washington, D. C Mrs. A. A. Bir
ney, secretary of the National Moth
ers' Congress, and Miss Mary A. Gar
rett, of the Pennsylvania Juvenile
Court and Probation association, op
posed the Keating-Owen child labor
bill before the senate Interstate Com
merce commission. The Mothers' con
gress, the committee was told, was
composed of 100,000 mothers who were
convinced that any cast iron rule ap
plied to child labor was a mistake, and
that a moderate vocational training
was a good thing for the children.
Stolen Bill Used in Spain.
New York A United States govern
ment $10,000 gold note, one of 20 of
the same denomination stolen from the
mail in September 1912, on the way to
New York from Havana, Cuba, was
received Saturday by bank in this
city, from the American Bank of Mad
rid, Spain. It was the ninth of the
stolen notes to reappear since the
theft. As the notes appear they are
given to the insurance company which
paid insurance covering the amount of
Hen Lays IOOO Eggs.
Corvallis, Ore. "Oregona," a White
Leghorn hen at the Agricultural Col
lege, has laid her thousandth egg.
"This," said Professor Dryden, "is
the greatest long-distance trap-nest
record ever known to the world." At
the end of her fifth year the hen had
laid 987 eggs. She has now laid, at
the beginning of her sixth year, the 13
necessary to make her a 1000-egg hen,
Formerly it was believed the domestic
hen could not lay over 600 eggs.
CARRANZA FORCES NOW MAKING
SUPREME EFFORT TO CAPTURE VILLA
Washington, D. C. While there
were indications in official dispatches
from Mexico Wednesday that the de
facto government was making a su
preme effort to capture Villa and his
bandits with its own forces, there was
no sign that General Funston's orders
to proceed on the same errand had
been modified in any way.
Word that American troops had
crossed the border was still lacking,
the War department itself not having
been advised as to when the movement
Congress took active notice of the
border situation for the first time. The
house adopted a resolution late in the
day authorizing the recruiting of the
mobile regular army to full strength.
This means the addition of approxi
mately 20,000 fighting men to the in-
GEN. PABLO GONZALES
lb:- wjwfli Jj
General Gonzales is a Carranza lead
er who is active in capturing Villa.
f antry, cavalry and field artillery. The
senate is expected to concur, and the
necessary orders will be issued imme
diately to fill up regiments on border
The step was suggested by the army
general staff. It is urgently desired
now, because of the weakening of the
border force by the expedition after
Villa, but ever since the patrol of the
border began the army has been great
ly handicapped by the skeleton organ
ization of regiments, companies,
troops and batteries. The force that
occupied Vera Cruz had similar diffi
culties, some of the companies there
being less than 40 men strong.
U. S. Troops Will March Into
Mexico in Light Order
Columbus, N. M. The commanding
officers of the expeditionary force
gave orders Wednesday that the men
should take with them only such equip
ment as they could carry on their
backs or saddles. Extra clothing and
the equipment known in the army as
the "surplus kit" will be left behind.
These orders were intended to limit
carrying facilities to the essentials of
the expedition food and drink for
the men and horses and ammunition
for the guns.
Large quantities of ' ammunition for
the mountain howitzers and field guns
has been distributed. Cabmat wa
gons, which carry ammunition for the
soldiers rifles, were loaded and the en
gineers, Bignal and hospital corps were
supplied with the final details of their
Villa Suspect Arrested.
Columbus, N. M. Alfredo Aregon,
who for several weeks - has been a
waiter in the Columbus Hotel, was ar
rested charged with having in his pos
session goods looted from stores during
the Villa raid. He is suspected of be
ing one of the men who guided the
Mexican bandits into the town. Are
gon was taken to Deming by Federal
officers. Aregon had a United States
army uniform. The suspicion that he
was one of Villa's guides rested mainly
on the fact that he was not at the
hotel for several hours before the raid,
French and Greeks Clash.
Berlin (By wireless to Sayville, N,
Y.) Reports have been received here
from Athens of fighting on the Greek
island of Mytilene between Greek and
French soldiers. It is said one French
soldier was killed and another severely
wounded. French reinforcements were
bought up and imprisoned the Greeks,
The commander of the French forces.
the reports say, has prohibited further
mingling of French and Greek sol
diers. The Greek government is re
ported to have protested against the
arrest of the soldiers.
New Hands Like Claws.
Paris Two new types of artificial
arms with hands are shown at the
Academy of Sciences. One is for
heavy work, with fingers like claws of
a lobster. The other has artificial fin
gers, enabling the hand to reproduce
closely the action of natural fingers,
Successful experiments were made in
the presence of members of the acad
emy by two men, each of whom lost an
arm. One sawed through a beam of
wood and the other played a violin.
Army of 120,000 Proposed.
Washington, D. C. Chairman Hay,
of the house military committee, Wed
nesday prepared for immediate intro
duction of the resolution to permit the
President to raise the fighting
strength of the standing army to 120,
000 men at once.
Republicans and Democrats worked
in perfect harmony for the adoption of
the resolution, depsite that fact that
their learders on the military commit
tee disagreed as to the meaning of it,
VILLA CHASE BEGUN;
MEN CROSS BORDER
Gen. Pershing and Army Start
South After Bandits.
CARRANZA MEN JOIN AMERICAN FORCE
Orders Are to "Wipe Out Villa and
His Organization" Other En
gagements Are Expected.
San Antonio, Tex. General John J.
Pershing, with more than 4000 troops,
began the pursuit into Mexico Thurs
day of Francisco Villa. General
Pershing s report that he and his com
mand had crossed the international
boundary line just south of Columbus
reached General Funston here. Re
ports of progress in the country where
the search has been begun will be
made by General Pershing to General
Funston, but it is not expected these
will be frequent or deal with any but
the more important developments.
Colonel George A. Dodd, heading a
smaller column that entered Mexico
some distance west of Columbus, also
is moving in a southerly direction and
these two forces should be within
touch of each other before many days.
By that time it is expected an infantry
support will hold the line of commun
cation along which motor trucks for
the transportation of ammunition and
supplies will be operated.
General Pershing's report of his en
trance into Mexico served to dispel to
great extent fears that had been en
tertained in some quarters that resist
ance would be offered by the troops of
the de facto government. Colonel Ber
tani, the commanding officer of the
Carranza garrison at Palomas, on the
gouth side of the line, joined General
His force was only some 400 men,
but they were reported to have dis
played willingness and even eagerness
to join in the chase.
As a body the Mexican troops will
remain under their own commander,
but several of them are being employ
ed as scouts by General Pershing.
General Pershing has gone into Mex
ico with orders to wipe out Villa and
his organization. Unless orders to the
contrary are received from those high
er in authority than General Funston,
the campaign that has now begun will
continue until Villa is captured or
killed. No limits have been placed on
the field of operations.
Douglas, Ariz. Numerous reports
reached the United States mili
tary authorities here Thursday that
open rebellion has broken out among
the Carranza troops at Cabullona, 18
miles south of here. Americans here
are seriously disturbed.
Submarines and Aeroplanes
Within 15 Days, Says Edison
Washington, D. C Thomas A. Edi
son told the house naval committee
Thursday that with a fully equipped
Federal research laboratory with facil
ities for standardization, machine
parts of submarines and aeroplanes
should be built in 15 days. He said
the United States should appropriate
liberally for such a laboratory as rec
ommended by the naval advisory board
of civilian expert.
The government could distribute
standardized parts to manufacturers,
the inventor said. The Federal lab
oratory, he said, could be put in full
working operation for $1,500,000.
When Mr. Edison concluded, the
committee formally expressed its
thanks, rose and remained standing as
Howard E. Coffin, of Detroit, a
member of the naval advisory board,
who followed Mr. EdiBon, said that
mobilization of industries to help in
time of war was of greater impor
tance than buiding ships or recruiting
Mr. Coffin opposed secrecy in work
ing out preparedness plans.
"Let us get this secrecy bunk out of
our heads," he said. "There proba
bly isn't a foreign country which does
not know all about our resources."
Ship Purchase Planned.
Detroit Eward N. Breitung, a
wealthy mining man, of Marquette,
Mich., and New York, said here that
he is one of several persons who are
attempting to promote a gigantic cor
poration to purchased interned German
and Austrian vessels. Mr. Breitung
said estimates showed there were
4800 German and Austrian ships in
terned throughout the world. Mr.
Breitung said the promoters were dis
cussing the advisability of incorporat
ing in Brazil, so as not to be affected
by the American seamen's act.
Ten Thousand Honor Carranza.
Mexico City Ten thousand civilians,
including government employes and
school teachers, paraded the principal
avenues Thursday, carrying the nation-1
al colors and banners bearing the in-1
scription: "Homage to Venustiano'
Carranza, the'Savior of His Country's
Honor. Speeches were delivered in
front of the Cuauhtemotzin and Juarez
monuments, military headquarters and
the National palace. The parade dis
persed at the palace, where half a
dozen military bands played patriotic
airs. Shops and stores were closed.
Priest. Settles Strike.
Souix City, la. Accepting the ad
vice of Rev. George J. Jonaitis, pastor
of St. Anthony's Catholic church, of
Omaha, and Strike Leader Edward
Payne, strikers of the Cudahy packing
plant are to return to work at once.
The decision marked the settlement of
the third strike within three weeks.
The four discharged employes of the
Cudahy plant, who caused the last
walkout, will be taken back by the
NORTHWEST MARKET REPORTS;
GENERAL CROP CONDITIONS
Portland Wheat BlueBtem, 98c j
fortyfold, 90e; club, 90c; red fife, 90c;
red Russian, 90c.
Hay Eastern Oregon timothy, $20
21perton; valley timothy, $16; al
Millfeed Spot prices: Bran, $23
23.50 per ton; shorts, $25.6026;
rolled barley, $31.6032.60.
Corn Whole, $37 per ton; cracked,
Vegetables Artichokes, 7690c per
dozen; tomatoes, $44.25 per crate;
cabbage, $1.25 2.25 per hundred;
garlic, 10c per pound; peppers, 17J
20c; eggplant, 22Jc; sprouts, 89c;
horseradish, 8Jc; cauliflower, $1.15
2.25; celery, $4.50 per crate; lettuce,
$2.25; cucumbers, $1.251.50; spin
ach, $11.15 per box; asparagus, 16
171c per pound; rhubarb, $2.252.75
per box; peas, 12Jc per pound.
Potatoes Oregon, $1.401.50 per
sack; Yakimas, $1.601.75; sweets,
$3.253.60 per hundred.
Onions Oregon, buying prices,
$1.50 f. o. b. shipping point.
Apples Spitzenbergs, extra fancy,
$2.25 per box; fancy, $2; choice,
$1.261.50; Yellow Newtowns, extra
fancy, $2; fancy, $1.75; choice, $1.85
1.60; Rome Beauty, fancy, $1.50
1.60; Winesaps, choice, $1.151.85;
Stayman, choice, $1.251.35.
Eggs Jobbing prices; Oregon
ranch, candled, 19J20c per dozen;
uncandled, 18c per dozen.
Poultry Hens, 1617c per pound;
springs, 17c; stags, 1213c; broilers,
25c; turkeys, live, 1820c; turkeys,
dressed, choice, 2425c; ducks, 13
16c; geese, 10c.
Butter Prices from wholesaler to
retailer: Portland city creamery
prints, 60-pound case lots, standard
grades, 35c: lower grades, 32c; Ore
gon country creamery, prints, 60-pound
lots, standard makes, 8234c; lower
grades, 3131Jc; packed in cubes, 2c
less. Prices paid by jobbers to pro
ducers: Cubes, extras, 3031c; firsts,
2828Jc; dairy butter, 1519Jc; but
terfat, No. 1, 34c; No. 2, 31c.
Veal Fancy, 9 J 10c per pound.
Pork Fancy, 10Jc per pound.
Hops 1915 crop, 1013cper pound;
1916 contracts, ll12c.
Wool Eastern Oregon, 2030c per
pound; valley, 2728c; mohair, Ore
Cascara bark Old and new, 4c per
Cattle Prime steers, $7.B08.10;
choice, $6.507.60; good, $6.757;
medium, $6.60(8)6.75. ; choice cows,
$6.506.76; medium, $5.256; heif
ers, $47; bulls, $2.505; stags, $3
Hogs Light, $8.50 9; heavy,
Sheep Yearlings, $78; ewes, $6
7; lambs, $89.25.
Wool Season Opens.
The new wool season is getting un
der way in the Yakima country, where
shearing has started. The few sales
already made, which range in price up
to 27 cents, are in line with quotations
elsewhere for this class of wool.
Shearing will not begin in Eastern
Oregon until about the, middle of next
month, and in the meantime it is not
thought that much business can be put
through, as buyers and sellers are
apart in most sections. Isidor Kosh
land, of Portland, has contracted for
50,000 fleeces in Baker county at 20 to
21 cents, and also secured 10,000
fleeces at Condon. This and the Stan
field sale already reported is the ex
tent of the business done in Oregon to
date. There has not been as much
contracting to date in Western Idaho,
The London market continues irreg
ular, and for this reason the feeling in
the trade is still rather nervous.
Fine reports are received from the
first lambings east of the mountains,
there being practically no loss.
More than 80 per cent of the wool
clip of Utah has been contracted by
buyers from eastern houses and prices
paid for 11,200,000 pounds under con
tract range from 21 to 28 cents, ac
cording to Dr. S. W. McClure, secre
tary of the National Woolgrowera'
association, says the Salt Lake Herald-
Apple Storage Stocks Declining.
Portland The office of markets has
issued its report of apple holdings on
March 1, showing that on that date
there were 2529,238 barrels in 411
storage houses in the country. The
same storages reported 1,767,214 boxes
of apples on the first of this month,
On February 1, 407 storages reported
3,457,999 barrels and 2,651,908 boxes,
or a reduction of 928,761 barrels and
883,994 boxes during the past month,
The holdings of barrel and box stock
are about 750,000 barrels more than
this time a year ago. Present hold
ings of actual barrels are more than
last year, while the stock of boxes is
Total exports of apples to March 4
were 223,958 barrels, against 97,924
barrels the same week last year. To
tal exports for the season up to Satur
day of last week were 1,196,838 bar
rels, against 2,431,902 barrels the
same period a year ago.
Grain Bags May Be Cotton.
Pendleton, Or. If a satisfactory
quality can be furnished and the price
is agreeable, it is probable that many
of the Umatilla farmers will use cot
ton sacks this year instead of the' jute
bags which have been exclusively used.
The situation was discussed thoroughly
at a recent meeting of the Inland Grain
Growers' association. The farmers'
grain agency had about decided to con
struct elevators to take care of the
crop, but many are loathe to go into
the proposition because of the ex
pense. 15,000 Sheep Contracted for,
Baker, Ore. Not only is wool being
contracted well in advance of the clip
this year, but wool-bearers are also
being spoken for in large quantities,
as was evidenced here when George
Densley, of this city, reported having
contracted for 15,000 head, June deliv
ery. Of the total 5000 are wethers
from the A. H. Hampton flocks, 3000
are lambs owned by M. F. Cundiff and
7000 are lambs from various flocks in
the John Day country. Mr. Densley
was reticent as to the price paid, but
intimated the lambs brought $4.60 to $5
L IS A PUZZLE
Carving at Copan, Honduras.
Mystery to Scientists.
Evidently Intended to Represent Ele
phant, But 8tranga Thing Is
Where the Sculptor Could
Have Got His Model.
Where did the prehistoric Inhabit
ants of Central America get their Idea
of an elephant as modeled In an elab
orately-carved idol at Copan? For
there never were any elephants In
America. Dr. O. Elliott Bmith of the
University of Manchester, England,
writes to Nature that this Is certainly
a picture of an Indian elephant.
"It Is equally clear," writes Pro
fessor Smith, "that the sculptor of the
monument was not familiar with the
actual animal, for, according to Doc
tors Maudslay and Seler, he has mis
taken the eye for the nostril, and the
auditory meatus for the eye, and rep
resented the tusk (note its relation to
the lower Up) and the ventral surface
of the trunk in a conventionalized
manner, without any adequate realiza
tion of the true nature of the features
he was modeling.
"Having converted the auditory
meatus Into an eye the sculptor had
to deal with the auditory pinna, the
meaning of which no doubt was a puz
zle to him. He solved these diffi
culties by converting it into a geo
metrical pattern, which, however, he
was careful to restrict to the area oc
cupied by the relatively small pinna
that is distinctive of the Indian spe
cies of elephant.
"The designer also lost his bearings
when he came to deal with the tur
baned rider of the elephant. No doubt
in the original model the rider's log
was obscured by the pinna; but in the
Copan sculpture he has lost his trunk
"All these features go to prove quite
conclusively that the sculpture repre
sents an elephant's head, and that It
was not modeled from the real crea
ture. In other words, the craftsman
was copying an earlier model (presum
ably made by some immigrant from
Asia) without understanding the
"points' of the elephant." .
Professor Smith calls attention to
several other representations of tlio
elephant In America that possess many
strange details In common with the
earlier sculptured representations of
that animal in India. Also that the
pre-Columbian Mexicans played tha
complicated Indian game called pa
chlsl, that some of the Aztec picture
writings are a series of scenes taken
from the Japanese Buddhist temple
scrolls. He calls ludicrous the attempt
to Identify these elephants with bluo
macaws, and he cites many remark
able coincidences between the attri
butes of Tlaloc, the Mexican elephant
headed god of rain, thunder and light
ning, and ..hose of the Hindu Indra,
also god of rain, thunder and light
ning. His conclusion Is that the Hindu
god Indra was adopted in Central
The Elephant Carving at Copan, Hon
durasThe Ancient Aztecs Evident
ly Copied It From an Asiatic Picture,
Mistaking the Eye for a Ncetrll and
the Meatus of the Ear for an Eye.
America with practically all the at
tributes assigned to him in hln Asiatic
home, and that the ancient Mexicans
got their ldoa of elephants from na
tures of them brought from Asia long
before Columbus came from Europe.
By what channel those ancient
Americans received these things from
the old world remains one of the deop
est of the mysteries of history.
Chancellor of England. .
Sir Stanley Buckmaster will be bet
ter paid for his services than his
predecessors under the Plantagenots,
when, according to Mr. J. B. Carter's
"History of English Legal Institu
tions," the chancellor "ranked aa a
humble peiBouage. He apparently re
sided in the palace and had a daily
allowance of five shillings, a slmnel,
two seasoned slmnels, one sextary of
clear wine, one sextary of household
wine, one large wax candle, and 40
pieces of candle. The money allow
ance was made only if he dined out;
If he dined at home he got three-and-sixpence,
with a slight variation In
the other commodities. ... He
kept the king's soul and the king's
seal." London Chronicle.
Once a Month.
Bill This paper says an average of
seventy-two letters are received by
poBt every year by every person in
the United Kingdom.
JH1 Well, the fellows who have the
same identical bills sent to 'em fifty
two times a year bring up the average,
Mrs. Hecktor I thought when I mar
ried you that you were an entirely dif
Hecktor I wish, Marlai that you
bad married the man you took me for,
It Is said that an artificial coffee
has been invented by a Japanese,
which has a large percentage of nour.
Ishnient, the right flavor and low cost.