NEWS ITEMS Of General Interest About Oregon Big Lumber Order Received for Freight Car Building Eugene The Booth-Kelly Lumber company has just closed a contract which is said to be the largest ob tained by a Willamette valley mill in several years, entering into an agree ment to supply the Ralston Steel Car company with 9,000,000 feet of lum ber to be used in the manufacture of cars for the Southern Pacific railroad company. The order is the second of this na ture booked by the Booth-Kelly com pany within the past few weeks, ac cording to A. C. Dixon, manager. The lumber in the contract is to be used in the manufacture of 2000 freight, flat and other cars. The contract was awarded at a meeting held in Cincinnati, where a large number of bidders representing lumber companies in all parts of the United States were present. The lum ber will be suppiled at intervals ex tending throughout the summer. As soon as weather conditions per mit the mills at Wendling and Spring field will resume operations, with pros pects of a good summer s business, provided the car situation does not in terfere. Rodent Fighters Unite. Klamath Falls The idea of the farmers of a neighborhood banding to gether for organized rodent extermina tion work has proved popular in Kla math county. Besides clubs at Bo nanza, Langell Valley, Merrill, Malin and Lorella, all of which were recently organized, the Hildebrand Farmers' club was organized at Hildebrand, about 25 miles east of this city, and the farmers of the Spring Lake sec tion, in the basin east of the city, are effecting an organization there. More than 40 farmers attended the Hildebrand meeting and 25 joined the club, selecting the following officers : President, Charley Drew; vice presi dent, J. G. Wight; secretary-treasurer, W. F. Wilkerson, and poison mixer, Charles Drew, Jr. Ground squirrels and coyotes are the pests to be fought. Poison mixtures are pre pared according to government formu las. Big Wool Sale Reported. Baker The largest amount of wool contracted for in years is reported by Berthold and Gerson Neuberger, who announced they had contracted for nearly 500,000 pounds for Portland and Eastern concerns. From to cents was the average price stipulated, making an outlay of more than f 100,-000. The clips contracted for include those of Orson Moody, between 80,000 and 90,000 pounds; M. F. Cundiff, 20, 000 pounds; A. H. Hampton, of Hunt- ineton. 95.000 pounds; and E. John son, 85,000 pounds. The names of other Bellers were not given out. With the lambing seaBon at an end, shearing will commence within a short time. Buyers believe that a large per centage of the wool this year will be contracted in advance. Highway Route Inspected. Roseburg For the purpose of ascer taining the needs of Douglas county with reference to state aid in road construction, John H. Lewis, state highway engineer, passed Saturday in Roseburg conferring with the mem bers of the County court and other prominent citizens. While Mr. Lewis refused to divulge his nkns regarding the construc tion of the new state highway through Douglas county, he said work on the road would begin as soon as the neces sary funds are available. Business Right Upheld. Salem The retaliatory building and loan association law passed by the state of Washington does not give Corporation Commissioner Schulder man, of Oregon, the right to act like wise and refuse the Pacific Building & Loan association of the state of Wash ington, the right to do business in this state, the attorney general's office has ruled. If the Washington concern, which a Bhort time ago withdrew from business in Oregon, makes its annual report to Commissioner Schulderman, and pays up its annual license fees, the attorney general holds it has the right to con tinue In business in this state. State Charter Is Taken. Salem Conversion of the Benton County National Bank at CorvBllis to the state evstem was made Wednesday when the owners reincorporated under the name of the Benton County state Rank. The institution is capitalized at $60,000, with a surplus of $15,000 pnH riptvMtitji mrirreeatine in excess of inn nnn. The change from a Nation al bank to a state bank was made be cause of the belief of the management tht th Federal Reserve obligations of Nut ional banks impose burdensome conditions upon the smaller banks. Jobs Are Awaiting Men. Marshfield There are more jobs here than men, in most localities. The Will.motta-Pacific construction work between Coos Bay and Reedsportis short of workmen and the crew has been reduced from 65 to 12. It was reported that the crew above the Ump qua river had dwindled from 125 to lo.. thn 20 Work is delayed on ac count of the men quitting. They are leaving for the outside. PRESIDENT CALLS FOR SHOWDOWN ON GERMAN SUBMARINE ISSUE Washintgon, D. C President Wil son decided Wednesday that he cannot proceed with the German submarine negotiations while dissention in con gress weakens his position before the world, so he called for a showdown on the pending proposals to warn Ameri cans off merchant ships of the Euro pean belligerents armed for defense. Making clear that he considers the President, and not congress, is charged with the conduct of the foreign rela tions of the United States, he wrote a letter to Representative Pou, acting chairman of the hoUBe rules commit tee, asking him to provide parliamen tary means for bringing the agitation out into the open on the floor of the house, for full discussion and vote. The President's letter to Mr. Pou, the signal that the administration was ready to give Germany a demonstra tion of unity, follows : "My Dear Mr. Pou: Inasmuch as I learn that Mr. Henry, the chairman of NORTHWEST MARKET REPORTS; GENERAL CROP CONDITIONS WILLI AN THAW S m ii 1 A, GERMAN CRUISER REPORTED TO BE AT LARGE William Thaw, an American aviator in Wm service of France, who hae bean praaietod far iood work. the committee on rules, is absent in Texas, I take the liberty of calling your attention, as ranking member of the committee, to a matter of grave concern to the country, which can, I believe, be handled, under the rules of the United States congress, only by that committee. "The report that there are divided counsels in congress in regard to the foreign policy of the government is being made industrious use of in for eign capitals. I believe that report to be false, but so long as it is anywhere credited it cannot fail to do the great est harm and expose the country to the most seriouB risks. I therefore feel justified in asking that your com mittee will permit me to urge an early vote upon the resolutions with regard to travel on armed merchantmen, which have recently been so much talked about, in order that there may be afforded an immediate opportunity for full public discussion and action upon them, and that . all doubts and conjectures may be Bwept away and our foreign relations once more cleared of damaging misunderstand' ings. "The matter is of so grave impor tance and lies bo clearly within the field of executive initiative that I ven ture to hope that your committee will not think that I am taking unwarrant ed liberty in making this suggestion as to the business of the house, and I very earnestly commend it to their im mediate consideration. Cordially and sincerely yours, "WOODROW WILSON. "Portland Wheat Bluestem, 98c per bushel; fortyfold, 93c; club, 90c; red Fife, 88c; red Russian, 88c. Hay Eastern Oregon timothy, $18.5019.50 per ton; valley timothy, $16; alfalfa, $20. Millfeed Spot prices: Bran, $23.50 24 per ton; shorts, $26 26.60; rolled barley, $31.6032.50. Corn Whole, $37 per ton; cracked, $38 Vegetables Artichokes, $1 1.15 per dozen; tomatoes, $35 per crate; cabbage, $1.60 1.65 per hundred; garlic; 10c per pound; peppers, 20 25c; eggplant, 25c; sprouts, 89c; horseradish, 8Jc; cauliflower, $22.25 per crate; celery, $4.75; lettuce, $2.50 3.25 cucumbers, $1.25 1.50 per dozen; hothouse lettuce, 75c$l Per box; spinach, 90c$l; asparagus, 25c per pound; rhubarb, 14c. Green Fruits Grapes, $4 per bar rel; cranberries, $11. Potatoes Oregon, $1.251.60 per sack; Yakimas, $1.501.60; sweets, $3. 253. 50 per hundred. Onions Oregon, buying prices, $2 f. o. b. shipping point. Apples Spitzenbergs, extra fancy, $2.25 per box; fancy, $2; choice, $1.250,1.50: Yellow Newtowns, extra fancy, $2; fancy, $1.75; choice, $1.35 1.50; Rome Beauty, fancy, $1.60 1.60; Winesaps, choice, $1.151.35; Stayman, choice, $1.251.35. Eggs Jobbing prices: Oregon ranch, candled, 19c per dozen; un- candled, 1818jc;. Poultry Hens, 1616Jc per pound; springs, 16c; stags, 12c; turkeys, live, 1820c; turkeys, dressed, choice, 2425c; ducks, 1214c; geese, 10c. Butter Prices from wholesaler to retailer: Portland city creamery, prints, 60-pound case lots, standard grades, 29c; lower grades, 27Jc; Ore gon country creamery prints, 60-pound case lots, standard makes, 28c; lower grades, 27 271c; butter packed in cubes, 2c less. Prices paid by jobbers to producers : Cubes, extras, 2525c; firsts, 241c; dairy butter, 1417c; butterfat, No. 1, 27c; No. 2, 25c. Veal Fancy, 10c per pound. Pork Fancy, 9110c per pound. Hops 1916 crop, 1013c per pound; 1916 contracts, ll12c per pounds Wool Eastern Oregon, 20 30c; valley, 2728c; mohair, Oregon, 28 29c. Cascara bark Old and new, 4c per pound. Cattle Prime steers, $7 7.70; choice, $6.506.75; good, $6.757; medium, $6.50 6.75; choice cows, $6.506.75; medium, $5.256; heif ers, $46.40; bulls, $2. 50 5; stags, $35.25. Hogs Light, ?7.508.15; heavy, $6.507. Sheep Yearlings, $78; ewes, 7; lambs, $89.05. J? Ml OlKSbv simF" - gfe. - JPWW This Is the German cruiser Roon, which Is said to have been near by on the day the British liner Appam was captured off the Madeira Islands and to have directed the raiders. The Roou, which Is an armored cruiser, wad built in 1903. She has a displacement of 9,050 tons and a Bpeed of 21 knots an hour. She carries four 8.2-lnch guns, ten 6-inch guns, fourteen 24-pounders, four machine guns and four submerged torpedo tubes. She has a length ot 405 feet and 65 feet beam. She carries a complement ot 557 men. CELEBRATES HER FIFTIETH YEAR IN BED Total Tax from Incomes Show Marked Increase V ML AlSSSilil ;iiiS:-S!iSii ; , :::.v;v;f f,., ,.; : -m -;m M. , Mi i&wmmMtMmmmGtM . .w. -.,. , Ww.....!.., .s.zr a. ..mrtrmms!:.1:''.'! wsWSaiii!MSr $6 v:;,-:-.: New York An estimate that ap proximately 30,000 corporations will pay income taxes this year in the Sec ond internal revenue district of this city, was made by Collector Lowe. Collector Lowe s district takes in the lower part of Manhattan, In which are situated the main officers of many of the country's greatest corporations, bankers and financiers. The total col lections this year in this district from all forms of Federal taxes, Mr. Lowe predicted, will exceed $35,000,000. Collections last year amounted to $26,-000,000. Chicago The Federal income tax will be paid by 4000 more Chicagoans this year than last, according to the prediction of Collector Smietanka. Forty-six thousand citizens oi Chicago paid the tax last year. They contrib uted $2,407,691 and corporations $2,- 671,382. French Cruiser Sunk. Paris The French auxiliary cruiser La Provence was sunk in the Mediter ranean last Saturday, it was announced officially. At Malta 296 survivors have been landed. The ministry of marine estimates the number of survi vors at 870. Four hundred survivors were landed at Milo. La Provence was one of the largest of the French line vesse s. Her eross tonnage was 13.753. She was requisitioned by the French government for naval service at the outbreak of the war. Washington Butter Markets Cut to Meet Competition Tacoma On the verge of a break for some time, the Washington butter market Wednesday weakened and the price toppled to 80 cents. Local job bers attribute the drop to the breaking of the California and Oregon markets, They say if the Washington market did not follow in line with its neigh boring competitors there would be an influx of butter from the other two states. To avoid that situation, prices were set down and the home trade will be accommodated by the local product. Further changes in local prices are not predicted, although the production is said to be larger and the cream production more active. Fresh ranch eggs continue to get weaker. Prices are now down to 21 22 cents a dozen, the cheapest they have been for some time. Dealers re port receipts rapidly increasing daily, with the demand about the same. They are hopeful of a strengthening of the demand. Association Sells More Hops. Portland Sales of hops controlled by the Oregon HopgrowerB association at prices up to 12 cents for the best grades were reported this week. The buying was understood to be chiefly for export account, although there are also domestic orders on the market. Hugo Loewi bought 275 bales of Yaki ma hops from Satterwaite & Frye at 11 cents. Other Yakima sales were the Courshave lot of 90 bales and the M. W. Phillips crop of 125 bales. Two carload lots of Sonoma hops were bought by Donovan & Wolf at 111c Wool Lower at London, London The Beconsd series of the wool auction sales opened Wednesday with offerings of 7200 bales. The at tendance was large. The moderate selection was in fair demand, but both merinos and crossbreds declined from S to 71 per cent. Labor difficulties and the question of financing were largely responsible for the lower prices. . Russia took a few lots of scoured merinos and the home trade the rest No sales were made to America. Miss Mollie Fancher, called America's moBt remarkable Invalid, whose extraordinary case, with its develop ment of what is declared to be clairvoyant power, has puzzled phyBlclans, surgeons and psychic Investigators, cele brated recently at her home in Brooklyn the fiftieth anniversary of her confinement to bed. Though Miss Fancher cannot see, she Is able to write, can describe the dress of callers, and reveal with a surprising degree of accuracy, it is said, the past life of persons she never knew before. HE OPENS THE PRESIDENT'S MAIL srfg p4 K tit J VjTaillpMMsJB8WSWSMi COOK DEMANDS VINDICATION 4fc Ira Smith's Job is to see that the president of the United States Is not annoyed by the thousands of people who write to him, and Mr. Smith Is a very busy man. Every day many hundreds of letters addressed to the chief Bifirutlvo iiRtmllv thev are marked "Drivate" or "confidential" -reach the White House. As a rule about five of the batch are sent unopened to Mr, Wilson, The rest have failed to pass Mr. Smith, who is a handwriting expert and can tell which of the letters the president must see and which should be turned over to the executive omce staff for answer. Hog Supply Large. February was another big hog month at the Portland Union Stockyards. The month's run totaled nearly 25,000 head, an Increase of 4862 head over the receipts in the same month of 1915 and equaling the gain recorded in the opening month of this year. In other divisions there was a falling off in re ceipt in February, which was most pronounced in the sheep movement. r,-.viMr -is a 1 i 5 The Bor Scouts of Washington are learning, among other useful things to be Bre fighters. The capital's fire department has taken over the tuition of the young Scouts and they have been put through drills in wall climbing, tamnln into fire nets and all branches of the fireman's work. The Scouts are shown her riding back from one ot their drills with the firemen. " -Ay f 1 r4?L J Dr. Frederick A. Cook, mountain climber and arctic explorer, who leaped into fame a few years ago with the controversy over his claim to hav ing discovered the North pole, Is In Washington to demand of congress an Investigation of his claim and vindica tion In the eyes of the world. Doctoi Cook says he has started the machin ery to bring about the Investigation and that he will not let up until his story ot bis travels in the arctlo is proved true by congress. Two of Kind. "Well, young man. On your way U Bchool?" "Yes, sir." "You don't seem to be In a hurry U got there." "No, sir. 'Where are you going?" "I'm on my way to work." "You don't seem to be In burr) much, either,"