WORLD'S DOINGS Of CURRENT WEEK Brief Resume of General News from All Around the Earth. UNIVERSAL HAPPENINGS IN A NUTSHELL Live News Items of All Nations and Pacific Northwest Condensed for Our Busy Readers. Northwest lumber mills receive big orders for railroad ties. A combination of six million farmers of the United States is proposed in a meeting in Chicago. Senator Borah, of Idaho, declined to permit his name to appear on the Min nesota state primary ballot as a candi date for the presidency. Ohio C. Barber, millionaire match manufacturer of Arkon, Ohio, aged 75, sometimes called the "Match King," married Miss Mary F. Orr, aged 44, for 12 years his private secretary. Lamont M. Bowers, of Binghamp ton, N. Y., until recently manager of the Colorado Fuel & iron company, will resign on January 1 a 130,000 post with the Rockefeller interests be cause he believes that men past 60 are "either foolish or irritable." Mr. Bowers is past 70. Reports received by the London board of trade during November tell of the Binking of 63 British steamers, with a total net tonnage of 61,072, with the loss of 646 lives. In the same period, the loss was reported of 35 British sailing vessels of 4977 net tonnage with six lives. William O'Reefe, a pioneer theat rical manager and actor, known all over the Northwest, shot himself shortly after midnight on the steps of the county jail in Helena, Mont., dying instantly. O Keefe, who was 65 years of age and a bachelor, left a pathetic note, declaring his efforts to give up liquor had resulted in torture. John H. Fahey, president of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States, told President Wilson that bus iness men want congress to establish a non-partisan tariff commission and pro vide means to strengthen the merchant marine. Mr. Fahey declared there was great need for more ships to carry the exports of the United States. Official announcement that the Amer ican steamship Hocking had been re quisitioned by the British government without the formality of prize court proceedings, was received by the State department in a dispatch from Halifax, where the ship was being detained since she was seized by a British war ship while on the way from New York to Norfolk. Three high officials and subordinate officers of the Hamburg-American line were found guilty in the Federal Dis- trict Court of New York of having violated the laws of the United States In sending coal and other supplies to German cruisers in the South Atlantic in the first few months of the Euro pean war. The jury returned a ver dict of guilty on each of two indict ments. The specific charge against the defendants was conspiracy to de ceive and defraud the United States. The maximum penalty for each indict ment is two years' imprisonment and $10,000 fine. Senator Works, of California, will not seek re-election in 1917. The reichstag is considering a bill to tax war profits and incomeB. The French government is reported seeking a large loan in England. Nineteen miners are killed by an ex plosion in a mine at Boomer, W. Va. A police census of Greater New York gives that city 6,253,888 inhab itants. Winston Churchill, who has gone to the front for England, will Boon be made a general. Two hundred and twenty acres of wheat land near La Grande, Ore., was sold for 16,000 cash. Jane Addams, settlement worker and noted peace advocate, has been sent to a Chicago hospital. Her illness is re ported as not serious. Shipbuilders at Hoquiam, Wash., are constructing one of the largest schooners on the Coast, which will transport lumber when finished. A collie, locked out of the house at Binghampton, N. Y., leaps through a window and alarms the occupants in time to save themselves from death by nre. The order calling the youth of France to arms ia being bitterly op posed In the chamber of deputies on the ground that shirkers still avoid war duty. Ex-Pressident Roosevelt requests his name withdrawn from the Nebraska state primary ballot as a candidate for president before the National Republl ean convention. Publication of the new charter of Warsaw University shows that under German control the official language of the university will be Polish, in which 11 lectures must be delivered. Henry Ford, who has chartered ahiD to convev nacificista of thla eoun. try to Europe, denies sending cable gram to ine t ope on peace matters. According to witnesses In the con piracy case at New York, it ia shown that Germany was behind the plan to id in supplying her ships at sea from vessels leaving American ports. The famous statue of "Smile Rheims" in Paris, which was shattered during the bombardment of the Rheims Cathedral, has been mended. The frag ment! broken from the figure have been collected and replaced. CONGRESS STARTS WITH SPEAKER CLARK AGAIN CHOSEN CHAIRMAN Washington, D. C. Congress assem bled and organized Monday for the ses sion, which is expected to be the greatest , within the memory of the present generation. Four hours' work in the house saw Speaker Clark returned to the chair; Representative Mann returned to the leadership of the Republican minority; the introduction of 2000 bills and reso lutions, many of them proposing meas ures of National defense and many more in opposition; the reappearance of constitutional amendments to en franchise women and a miniture rules fight that flickered out with the adop tion of last year's rules with a few changes. In the senate practically the same was done, except the election of Sen ator Clarke, of Arkansas, as president pro tempore. Vice President Marshall was absent because of the illness of his wife. Both houses then, after sending a CHAMP CLARK Elected Speaker of the House of Representatives for the third time. joint committee to the White House to give official notice of the opening of congress, adjourned until Tuesday, when the real business of the session began with President Wilson's address to a joint session in the hall of the house at 12:30 o'clock. The greatest budget of expendiures ever placed before any American con gress in times of peace was brought in from the various branches of the government, the total being some $170,000,000 more than was asked for last year. Explanation for Recall of Attaches Refused Germany by Lansing Washington, D. C. The state de partment's formal refusal to give its reasons for asking recall of Boy-Ed and von rapen, German embassy at taches, was forwarded Tuesday night to Berlin and given to Ambassador von BernBtorff. The embassy interpreted this action as "very unfriendly." The embassy explained, too, that the Ber lin foreign office had asked that Amer ica's reasons be given Becretly, if the state department did not care to make them public. Secretary Lansing, however, the env bassy said, refused any information. State department authorities did not minimize the effect the refusal reply would have on Berlin, but they pointed out that Landing is merely abiding by a Btrlct cuBtom, The refusal has the effect of calling for a showdown from Berlin. Germany probably will ask that Bernstorff now confer further with Lansing on the subject. With these developments giving a new tinge of seriousness to German American relations, it was admitted torpedoing of the liner Lusitania will be hopelessly muddled if Germany makes good any diplomatic bluff she may be attempting in the Boy-Ed von-Papen case. For, either breaking off diplomatic relations or a complete acquiescence in America's demands are Germany's only alternatives, un less the state department permits a long series of conferences which would keep Boy-Ed and von Papen here in definitely pending outcome of the ses sions. African Contingent Recruited. Capetown Gen. Jan Christian Smuts, minister of defense in the Union of South Africa, announces that the force asked for the East African expedition has been recruited and that the imperial government had been in formed that the Union was increasing its forces. Explaining the decision of South Africa to send an expedition to East Africa, Gen. Smuts said this ac tion was taken because of danger aris ing from arming natives by the Ger mans and the preaching of a holy war against Christians. Spanish Cabinet Out. Madrid The cabinet of Edurardo Dato resigned owing to the leaders of the opposition serving notice of a' pro posed motion to give economic ques- tions in parliament priority over cer tain military measures which were de clared unnecessary. Count Roma nones, ex-premier, supported the mo tion, which Premier Dato declined to accept and left the chamber of depu- ties to present his resignation and that of the ministry to King Alfonso. Se- nor Dato'a cabinet resigned June 22, last owing to a failure of large loan, Citizenship Bar Upheld. Washington, D. C The Supreme court Wednesday affirmed the decision of the California court interpreting the Federal expatriation law of 1907 as constitutionally applicable to women who continue to live in the United States after marrying foreigners as well as those who marry foreigners and live abroad. The case was brought by Mrs. Ethel C. Mackenzie, who was denied registry because she married subject of Great Britain. KAISER REPORTED READY EOR PEACE Permission Given Reichstag to Consider Ending of War. REPORT, IF TRUE, MOST MOMENTOUS Letter to Wilson Said to Be Under Contemplation War of Exter mination Is Alternative. London The momentous decision reached by the German government to permit the discussion of peace in the reichstag is regarded here as the clear est indication that Germany is prepar ed to lay down her arms if acceptable conditions can be obtained. The government's decision, follow ing the authorization given to the Ger man press for a free discussion of peace possibilities and the discussion of an almost unanimous desire to end the war, along with the governmental sanction of the Socialists' plan to bring about peace debate in the reichs tag, lends to Monday's session of that body an importance which it is impos sible to overestimate. The entire world is awaiting eagerly the speech of the imperial chancellor. Meanwhile the wildest rumors are cur rent. The latest of these, coming from The Hague and obviously from a German source, is to the effect that the kaiser intends to proclaim peace on his arriv al at' Constantinople. It is asserted on the "highest authority," according to the rumor but the name of this highest authority" is not given that the kaiBer will send a letter to President Wilson urging him to accept the role of mediator. The letter, the rumor goes on, will declare that Ger many did not want the war, which, the letter will say, was forced by England and Russia. Atrocities will be denied energetically. The hour is at hand, the letter will continue, to stop the bloodshed and permit Europe to heal her wounds with a bountiful peace. Germany will offer, through Presi dent Wilson, to evacuate the invaded departments of France and all of Bel gium except Antwerp and to negotiate with Great Britain regarding the pos session of Antwerp. Poland will be declared autonomous, the invaded provinces of Russia will be restored and Serbia's independence will be guaranteed. On the other hand, the freedom of the seas" is to be guaranteed, and spe cial privileges are to be granted to German commerce. In case of a refusal of these terms, according to the rumor, Germany is determined upon a war of extermina tion. Fair Seen by 18,871,957; Closing Day Brings 458,558 San Francisco So great was the at tendance at the Panama-Pacific expo sition December 4 closing day that it took the department of admissions until late at night to figure out that 458,558 persons passed through the gates and took part in the farewell celebration. This was the largest attendance of any of the 288 days the exposition was open, and brought the total attendance to 18,871,957. The republic of Panama participated in the exposition to tho extent of erecting a handsome building, but be cause no funds were appropriated by the republic to keep the building open to visitors, it was learned, it remained closed throughout the exposition. Postal Receipts Grow. Washington, D. C A statement by the postmaster general shows that the receipts of the Portland postoffice dur ing November amounted to $96,116, as against $92,119 for November last year. This is Portland's record for November business. Seattle receipts this November were $113,143, against $109,229 for November last year. Spo kane's receipts this November were $42,479; last November, $39,714. The statement shows for 60 offices, produc ing about half the postal revenue of the country, an increase of $2,033,138, Doctors Practice on Monkeys' Eyes. Baltimore Two monkeys at Johns Hopkins hospital are being fitted with eye glasses in an effort to discover a cure for various diseases in the human, The glasses will entail a severe strain on the eyes, causing imperfect vision, and in other ways will confuse the re cording nerves of the eyeball. The direct result expected is serious re action of the thyroid glands of the monkeys, with a consequent develop ment of a disease found in human be ings to have their origin in the thy roid gland. Head of Boy Scouts Resigns New York Ernest Thompson Seton, naturalist and writer of books on na ture, announces his resignation as chief of the Boy Scouts of America, In a statement explaining his action, Mr. Seton said he resigned because of gradual change to policies to which he is opposed, and for which he blames James E. West, of this city, the pres ent Scout executive. Militarism now comes first and woodcraft, the original purpose of the movement, second German War Plant Lost. London Destruction of large am munition factory at Halle, Prussian Saxony, by an explosion with the loss of several lives, is reported in mes sage from Holding, Denmark. Dis contented workmen are suspected, the message says : It is said similar dis aster was narrowly averted at Bogden, Silesia, where the ammunition factory was saved by the discovery that it had been undermined. NORTHWEST MARKET REPORTS; GENERAL CROP CONDITIONS Portland Wheat Bluestem, 95c; fortyfold, 94c; club, 91c; red Fife, 88c; red Russian, 89c. Millfeed Spot prices : Bran, $23 per ton; shorts, $24; rolled barley, $3031. Corn White, $35 per ton; cracked, $36. Hay Eastern Oregon timothy, $15 16; valley timothy, $1213; alfal fa, $13.6014.60; cheat, $910; oats and vetch, $1112. Vegetables Artichokes, 75c (a) $1 dozen; tomatoes, California, $11.60; cabbage, 90c hundred; garlic, 15c pound; sprouts, 9c; horseradish, 8Jc; cauliflower, 75c$1.25; celery, 60 65c dozen; beans, 1012Jc; lettuce, $2(512.75 crate; peas, 10llc. Green fruit Apples, 75c2.25 box; pears, $11.50; grapes, $1.86(5)1.50 crate; casabas, 2Jc pound; cranber ries,. $911 barrel. Potatoes Oregon, buying price, $1 f. o. b. shipping point. i.ggB Oregon ranch, buying prices: No. 1, 42c; No. 2, 30c; No. 3, 20c per dozen. Jobbing priceB: No. 1, 42 44; Oregon, Btorage, 2628c. Poultry Hens, 1213c; springs, 12c; turkeys, 17c; turkeys dressed, 20 22c; ducks, white, 12c; colored, 10c; geese, 810c. Butter City creamery, cubes, ex tras, selling at 311c; firsts, 29c; prints and cartons, extra. Prices paid to producers : Country creamery, 24 28c, according to quality; butterfat, premium quality, 33c; No. 1, average quality, 31c; No. 2, 29c. Veal Fancy, 99Jc per pound. Pork Block, 7Jc per pound. Wool Eastern Oregon, 1826c; valley, 2526c; fall lambs' bool, 25c; mohair, Oregon, 28c pound. Cascara bark Old and new, 34c. Cattle Choice steers, $6.857.25; good, $6.506.85; medium, $66.60; choice cows, $5.255.75; good, $5 5.25; medium, $4.605; heifers, $3.506; bulls, $2.605; stags, $3 5.25. Hogs Light, $66.10; heavy, $5 5.10. Sheep Wethers, $4.766.50; ewes, $45.60; lambs, $67.35. Wheat Outlook Not Clear. Portland grain dealers see no reason to change their attitude toward the wheat market, and consequently bus! nesB is inactive all along the line, with prices more or less stationary. Where there was a change in quotations it was in the nature of a reduction. No one is able yet to figure out what will be the effect of the Canadian em bargo, but the feeling prevails that if it influences the American market in any way it will be adversely. The net result of the operations at Chicago was a decline of cent, and it would occa sion no surprise if the Eastern mar kets would continue to sag for several days, or at least until the situation clears. The influence of the Canadian government's action, it is expected, will soon be felt in the freight market on the Atlantic side, and that should furnish a cue as to the probable course of wheat values. In the meantime, the trade here seem disposed to stand by and await developments. , No trading is reported at country points. At the exchange in Portland there was a sale of 5000 btrshels of De cember club at 92 cents, the same price that was bid the previous day. Offers for January club were lowered 1 cent. December bluestem bids were also down 1 cent, and fife offers were 1 to 2 cents lower than last week. Other varieties and deliveries of wheat Were unchanged'in price. There was nothing doing in the coarse grains, the former prices were posted. Growing Contest Ends. Chehalis, Wash. The Chehalis Na tional bank has just closed an interest ing farm products contest. The judg ing was done by Professors E. G. Sha fer and J. N. Price, of the State col lege. They were unstinted in their praise of the quality of the various products on display. An especially fine corn exhibit was made. Owing to the fact that the Southwest Washington Fair was held the last week in August, before much of the late vegetable crop had developed completely, some ex ceptionally fine specimens of various kinds were shown. Spuds and Rutabagas Arrive. Tacoma Big, yellow rutabagas from North Yakima are in heavy de mand on the local produce market, ac cording to commission men. . Dealers say the quality of the vegetable is "su perb," being fresh and sweet. The price now is said to be uncommonly low, $1.25 per cwt. An advance, how ever, is expected later. Yakima Net ted Gem potatoes have gone up again, the prices now being $2122 a ton. At these prices the vegetable ia said to be very firm and further rises would not come as a surprise. "Fruit Sellers" to Cease. North Yakima, Wash. The direc tors of the Yakima County Horticul tural union, which last summer joined with the Richey & Gilbert Co. and the Yakima Fruit Growers' Exchange in organizing the Yakima fruit shippers, In an effort to establish a get-together selling agency for this valley, have di rected their representative in the Fruit Sellers, W. W. Nelson, to take imme diate steps to dissolve that corporation and have directed him to see that no more fruit is shipped by, or under the name of the Fruit Sellers. Cranberry Prices Are Advancing The cranberry market is steadily ad vancing. Several of the jobber quot ed $11 on late Howes, and this price will probably be general soon. The decline a few weeks ago was not war ranted by the conditions in the East, where cranberries are in smaller sup ply than last year and are very firm in price. Hop Market Quiets Down. Portland The hop market quieted down at the cloee of the month, as the last of November sales had been taken care of last week. Most of the busi ness reported ia between dealers. H, L. Hart purchased 90 bales at 10 to 18 cents, and Julius Pincus bought ISO bales at 8J to 10 eenta. , ii ... i ii j... i.j iiiiiiin ii ii II 1 1 ; n mmmimmmmmm r Y 0, 4 ' : ! rl l"J 1 ! l"fl "Jr Tri. v if v r A scene outside St. Paul's cathedral, London, after the memorial services for the British nurse martyred In Belgium. Among those present who came to fay homage to the memory of Mies Edith Cavell, representatives of every Btatlon in life, from the coster to the king and queen of Great Britain, were present. A group of British Red Cross nurses acted as a guard of honor. One of tho first pictures of the Germans on Serbian soil. It shows a Teuton invading division halting for the Hoon meal and rest. The horses and goulash cannons," the portable field GERMAN PORTABLE SEARCHLIGHT Among the many devices with which the Gorman army la equipped is this portable searchlight, small but powerful, which, when not iu use, Is taken apart and distributed among five men. SIGNING CHECKS Frank J. F. Thlel, assistant treasurer of the United States, in his official capacity Is called on to sign nearly 500,000 checks a year. Recently a check-signing machine was Installed, and the other day Mr. signed 100 checks in 64 seconds. . NUGGETS OF NEWS Lucullua sometimes spent more than $8,500 on single meal. To save firemen carrying hose high Into buildings standpipe has been in vented from which water can be turned on at any Boor by valves at the street level. A Swedish scientist has advanced the theory that bearded grain, such as wheat, draws electricity from the air and that the plant Is aided In Its growth thereby. MEMORIAL SERVICE FOR EDITH pack mules are left to graze, while kitchen. mi i BY MACHINERY Thlel LONDON The antltreatlng order went Into ef fect In London on the 11th of this month. "Don'ts," which are really commands, ta.e been plentifully post ed about the city. Here they are: Don't order any Intoxicating drinks for another. Don't pay for drinks for a friend. Dut t lend cr advance money to buy drinks.. Dont consume any drink which somebody else baa ordered or paid for. CAVELL the men lie down or gather about the GETTING THE WAR MOVIES This is a French official cinemato graph operator at work in the first line trenches. In nuiklne nmviricr nlo tures of the fighting the operator has to take as many chances a,i the sol dier. , A Place for Him. While at lunch with William Ah. blngdon and William Collier, the ac tors, a young Englishman, also an actor, Indulged in numerous criti cisms of America and American in stitutions. It became very distaste ful to Abbtngdon, who is a British subject and was not permitted to join the army, even though he applied. "If you don't like America and her people." suggested Abblngdon to his younger fellow-countryman, "why don't you go over to England and help fight for your own country T You could get in the army." "No, I couldn't," the younger Eng lishman hastened to explain. "1 tried, but they wouldn't let me in because! they said, I had a floating kidney." "Well," suddenly interjected Collier With a bit of sarcasm, "that wouldn't keep you from Joining the navy, woul It?" Saturday Evening Post. DONTS These -don'ts" apply to licensed premises and clubs, highways, open spaces, railway stations adjoining oi near to licensed places in which thi liquor was sold or supplied. However, tho sale of whisky, brand and rum, reduced to between 26 and 36 degrees under proof, and of gin re duced to between 35 and 45 degrees Is permitted. The advisability of cIm ing all-night clubs U being consid ered by Scotland Yard.