PLEA FOR APPENDIX" MADE BY DOCTORS Patient Should Hesitate Before Operation, They Say. SOMETIMES GOOD ONES ARE REMOVED State Medical Association of Oregon Ends Enthusiastic Session With Reading of Good Advice. The old practice of diving into a man's abdomen after his appendix and slicing it off in triumph as soon as he exhibited symptoms of the "belly ache" got roughly handled at tie con cluding session of the Oregon State Medical association at the Multnomah Hotel, Portland, Saturday. The modern theory appeared to be quite different. The general advice, as brought out in a spirited discussion of two well-presented papers on ap pendicitis, was to hang on to your ap pendix just as long as you can. The difference was emphasized, how ever, between acute and chronic ap pendicitis. If you have the acute type, it was generally agreed, it is often better to get the appendix out and have done with it, though, even then, it was declared, it is by no means always necessary to operate. But if you should be troubled with the so-called chronic appendicitis, pro tect the appendix, stand guard over it, refuse to give it up until the most careful study of the case seems to in dicate beyond a doubt that it can't be made to behave in any other way and deserves to be taken out. In case of doubt, it seemed to be the concensus of opinion, keep your ap pendix. At least be reasonable with it and give it a chance. Don't con demn it on whim, or just because some, one is willnig to cut it out for you. In fact, the poor, lambasted appen dix of other days, the once cause of many of the ills of mankind, would have been astounded at the warm de fense it got. The reason for the extreme caution to be observed in removing the ap pendix in case of chronic appendicitis, it was brought out by Dr. Charles E. Sears in a paper on "The Study of the Condition Commonly Called Chronic Appendicitis," is that in a great num ber of cases appendicitis isn't the trouble at all, but only a symptom. Unequivocal "No" Is Reply of General Carranza to President Vera Cruz General Venustiano Car ranza's reply to the appeal for a peace conference is a polite but unequivocal "No." In a note issued by Foreign Minister Acuna and delivered to Mr. Silliman Saturday, he declares that he can permit no interference what ever by foregin governments. He as serts that he is in control now of all Mexico except Chihuahua and Morelos and a part of Sonora. The signers of the note to Carranza are invited to come or to send representatives to some point along the Rio Grande for a conference, "solely from an interna tional point of view," with the idea that Carranza's government be recog nized as the de facto government of Mexico. The diplomats are told that Carran za commands an army of 150,000 men, that the functions of public service have been restored, the railways re paired and railway traffic resumed. The note adds that in the fields and the cities there have been re-born the activities of normal life. The reply explains that a conference with any conquered faction" would mean the sacrifice by Carranza of the first chieftaincy of the constitutional army and his executive power, and a betrayal of confidence now reposed in him by the people of the army. That Carranza represents the army in mat ing such reply is indicated in a para graph of the note in which the diplo mats are told that they will be able to observe from the answers they receive from the military chiefs and the civil subordinates of Carranza that the first chief "is the only authority that could decide, and, in fact, does decide" maU 1 i!J.J i it " lers BUDmittea to mem. President Is Applauded. Chicago A telegram expressing the belief that more than half the popula tion of Austria-Hungary condemns the Austro-Hungarian ambassador's at tempts to interfere with American in dustries was sent to President Wilson Saturday by Emil Tehlar, president of the Slovak Guard, an organization of representatives from various American societies of Austrians. The message applauds President Wilson's course in demanding his recall and expresses confidence that the President will "safeguard American interests." Six Sunk by Submarine. London German submarines have sunk four more steamships of the allies since previous reports four British, one Russian and one French. The Britons were the Emmamuel, Victorious, Constance, Carony and the Duoro, the last of 1603 tons. The Russian was the Rhea, 1145 tons, and the Frenchman the Guatemala, 5913 tons. One boat containing the captain and 14 men of the Carony is missing, but it is believed to have made a small French port. All the other crews were saved. Pacific Line I Promised. Honolulu, T. H. Paul S. Reinsch, United States minister to China, pass ing through here on his way to Pekin, said that American capital in New York was planning a new trans-Pacific steamship line which would take the place of the Pacific Mail company. He was not at liberty, he said, to give names, but he added that he ex pected the line to be in operation with in a year. northwest market reportsT) Portland Wheat Bluestem, 85c bushel; fortyfold, 83c j club, 81c; red Fife, 78c; red Russian, 75c. Vegetables Cucumbers, Oregon, 15 (!i;20c dozen; artichokes, 90c; toma toes, 20(ft!30c box; cabbage, lc pound; beans, 2J(iJ4c; green corn, 15c dozen; garlic, 10c pound; peppers, 46c; eggplant, 45c. Green Fruits Cantaloupes, 50c $1.50 crate; peaches, 2550c box; watermelons, lljc pound; plums 25 (41 50c box; new apples, 75c $1.50; pears, 75c(r?!$l; grapes, 95c $1.50 crate; huckleberries, 6 7c pound; casabas, ljc; fresh figs, $1.25 box. Potatoes New, 70 80c sack; sweets, 23c pound. Onions 6075c per sack. Eggs Oregon ranch, buying prices; No. 1, 27c dozen; No. 2, 22c; No. 3, 17c. Jobbing price: No. 1. 28c. Poultry Hens, 14 15c pound; Bprings, 1718c; turkeys, 18c; ducks, 8(y!l2c; geese, 89c. Butter City creamery cubes, ex tras, selling at 29 jc pound; prints and cartons, extra. Prices paid to pro ducersCountry creamery, 2527c; butter fat, No. 1, sour cream, 29c; No. 2, 27c. Veal Fancy, 1213c pound. Pork Block, 99Jc pound. Hops 1915 fuggles, 14c pound; clusters, nominal. Wool Eastern Oregon, medium, 25 28Jc; Eastern Oregon, fine, 18 21Jc; valley, 26 80c; mohair, new clip, 3031c. Pelts Dry long-wooled pelts, 164c: dry short-wooled, lljc; dry shearlings, each, 1015c; salted shearlings, each, 1525c; dry goat, long hair, each, 17c; dry goat, shearlings, each, 10 20c; salted long-wooled pelts. May, $1 2 each. Cattle Choice steers, $6.507; good, $6 6.25; medium, $5.75 6; choice cows, $5.255.50; good, $5 5.25; medium, $4.505; heifers, $5 5.85; bulls, $4.605; stags, $5.606. Hogs Light, $6.806.90; heavy. $5.906. Sheep Wethers, $4.755; ewes, $34.85; lambs, $4.766.50. New Melon on Market. Tacoma Another variety of melon arrived on the local produce market and is expected to step into line with the popular cantaloupes and water melons. This is the casaba from Cali fornia. In the last several years it has found an instant market here. Wholesale dealers ask 2 cents a pound. Reports from the South say the quality is excellent and the crop large. Although the stiff advance taken in egg prices last week was expected to keep the market steady here for some time, an added scarcity of this com modity has caused dealers to boost prices to 3334 cents a dozen for the fresh ranch product. nucKieDemes are getting scarcer and prices are higher, the berries now demanding 5 cents a pound. The de mand this season was brisk. The fish market is well supplied with halibut and salmon and small fish. The demand is good. Butter and cheese are steady. No change was made m meat and poultry prices. Crop Report Sept. 8, 1915. The bureau of crop estimates in co operation with the weather bureau, United States Department of Agricul- ture, furnishes the following summary of conditions : Winter wheat Preliminary esti mate, 14,049,000 bushels; final, 1914, 13,684,000. Spring wheat September 1, fore cast, 3,690,000 bushels; final, 1914, 2,920,000. Oats Forecast, 14,200,000 bushels final, 1914, 12,740,000. Barley September 1, forecast, 4, 310,000 bushels; final, 1914, 3,660, 000. Potatoes September 1, forecast, 6,- 690,000 bushels; final, 1914, 453,000. Hay, all tame Preliminary esti mate, 1,850,000 tons; final, 1914, 1, 716,000. Apples September 1, forecast, 3, 400,000 bushels; final, 1914, 3.600,000. Record Deal in Apples. Portland The biggest single deal in appleB ever made was announced by the North Pacific Fruit Distributors association through C. A Malboef, its representative here. Every box avail able of "C" grade apples controlled by the association has beer, sold at a con tract price of 85 cents a box, the high est price obtained for this class of fruit in four years. It is estimated that the apples will make 400 carloads, The amount involved in the deal is $214,000. Middle Western firms com pose the pool of purchasers. Heavier Hop Bales Suggested. Portland Hop dealers point out the advantage of heavier baling by grow ers this year. In the matter of export business this is especially important, in view of the limit placed by some of the Atlantic steamer lines on the num- ber of bales they will handle during the season. As steamer space reserve- tions are made by number of bales and not by weight, it follows that a larger foreign business can be done than if they are light. Weights running over 200 pounds to the bale are favored by exporters. Peaches Are Active and Firm Portland The peach market was firm and active, with prices holding within the former range. Supplies are large enough for all requirements. isartlett pears are becoming scarce and are in stronger demand, with $1.25 easily obtainable. Other kinds of pears are rather plentiful and offer ed generally at 90 cents to $1 a box. There was a good movement grapes at the prices quoted. Canta loupes and melons were steady. Poultry Receipts Larger. Portland Keceipts of poultry are larger than usual this week and it necessary to shade former prices in or der to work off the supply. Hens sold at 1414 cents and springs at 16 17 cents. There was a continued easy feeling in the dressed meat market, because of the light demand. The best grades of eggs and butter are firm at prevailing prices. PRESIDENT TO STOP GERMAN PLOTTING Wilson Will Tell Dr. Dumba He Is Persona Non Grata. ERMAN EMBASSY APPEARS INVOLVED Government Determined to Crush All Intrigues to'Draw United States Into European Cataclysm. Washintgon, D. C President Wil son and Secretary Lansing have deter mined to call a halt on the widespread conspiracies and plots to shut down munitions factories in the United States by Btrong and affirmative action in the case of Dr. Dumba. They also have decided to force each American traveling abroad to under stand that the passport he carries is a badge of honor and not a cloak for service with a belligerent government. It was learned that Secretary Lan sing has cabled to the American min ister at The Hague formally announc ing the cancellation of the passport issued to James F. J. Archibald, who acted as Dr. Dumba's messenger. Dr. Dumba is on the verge of being told that he IB persona non grata. Of that there is not the slightest doubt. The action of this goverrnment is be ing delayed until it has obtained pos session of all the papers carried by Archibald. This much, however, is certain : By the steps to be taken the lesi- dent is determined to show the em phatic disapproval of the American government in respect to the efforts and intrigues of belligerent diplomats to involve the United Staets in the European conflict. For months now the administration has been worried by the activities of sympathizers with the central powers, and there has been obtained evidence connecting the German embassy with their operations. The President has been patient and tolerant, withholding positive action because of the delicate international situation, but the Dumba matter has filled the measure to overflowing. It is viewed as an attack on American sovereignity and American neutrality, and as absolutely confirming charges made by President Gompers, of the American Federation of Labor, and others. arget five Miles Out Hit at Night by Fort Stevens Gunners Fort Stevens, Or. Twelve half-ton shots were tired at a distance of ap proximately five miles Thursday night at a target towed directly away from the batteries by a speeding boat with only 300 yards' space between the tar get and the towing vessel. The practice was by indirect fire, the mortar gunners or tne 93d com pany, under Captain Leonard Wajdron, being directed from observation sta tions 9000 feet away from the guns. The observers used 60-inch search lights of 500,000 candle power each, to find the target, one of the obsberva- tion stations being 14,060 feet from the target. It was estimated that 80 per cent of the shots fell within the target space, which is about one-fifth the dimensions of the deck of a modern battleship, The observers on the tug have not yet reported all the data on the practice. All shells fired ascend to a height greater than the distance of the target from the guns, so they may drop on the deck, the most Vulnerable part of modern war vessels. Brigadier General Seibert, in com mand of the Coast Artillery, witnessed the practice, as did several prominent Astorians. Chinese to Quit Liner. San Francisco The Chinese crew of the former Pacific Mail liner Korea want to return to China, fearing that if they make a voyage to London they will be killed by submarines. Officials around the mail dock know that no Chinese will sail on the Korea for the Atlantic. It is said that some agi tator, working in behalf of a white crew or for some other reason, has impressed on the Chinese of the Korea that to leave here on the vessel when she starts for Europe .will be to go to cerain death. Bernhardt Coming Later. Paris Madame Sarah Bernhardt has postponed for two months her coming tour to the United States. Asked re garding a report that she had canceled her American engagements, Mme. Bernhardt telegraphed the Associated Press from her residence at Andernos, S3 follows: "I am not abandoning my tour in American. I have asked for two months' time in order to form a new company, as all the actors who were with me on my previous tour are serving in the army, four having been killed. Vivela France! Peary Offers Services. Portland, Me. Robert E. Peary, who was retired by act of congress with the rank of rear admiral in recog nition of discovery of the North Pole in 1909, has offered his services to the Navy department for any duty he may be called upon to perform. It was learned that he had written to Secre tary Daniels offering the necessary physical examination and perform any services which may be required of him in the development of the program for national defense. Alcohol Will Be Seized. Paris Announcement was made by the ministry of war of its intention to requisition all stocks of alcohol In France amounting to 200 gallons or more for the manufacture of powder. Makers of drugs or other products will receive each month sufficient quanti ties of alcohol for their business. CRETONNES IN THE SUMMER By Careful Selection, the Housewife May Make Her Rooms Things of Beauty, It seems ages since the serviceable and smart cretonnes were Introduced for hangings, coverings for furniture and cushions, etc., yet it BtlU holds Its place among the newest of goods shown for these purposes. Porch fur niture, comfortable cuBhlons and cane chairs for use on the Bummer piazzas are covered and, going further, large armchairs and low rockers for the liv ing room are to be upholstered in this Bame good-wearing fabric. But, of course, designs have changed somewhat; colors are brilliant, as usual, but among the neweBt are those with birds of gorgeous plumage on a background of black. Indeed, brilliant applies to most of the new cretonnes; they are vivid and still launder per fectly, making them an excellent choice for the hot suns of summer days. The frill or flounce across the top of windows Is still liked, only now it should be cut narrow and lifted a lit tle directly lu the center, with side draperies of the goods. The sides of these frills are a little longer than last year, and a variation liked Is to catch the fullness In cluster of three or four tiny tucks or folds about three or four inches apart, not pressing them flat, but allowing them to stand out. Also the bottom of the frill, where caught up In the center, must be finished with a braid; as It should be cut In a curve, not in a straight line to be puckered shorter in the center, but cut curved. Still another variation shows the bot tom of this frill cut In deep scallops and bound with braid. Small tables covered with cretonne, over which the useful glass Is placed, will be sought for porch and living room for various uses. One that should appeal to the housewife who lust 'loves a pretty bedroom" Is to change ordinary furnishings Into things of beauty by covering chests, tables and so on with cretonne; the table with the glass top bringing an almost ele gant air Into the atmosphere. If wood work and furniture are hopelessly faded and worn a coat of light enamel with a slight tracery of blue or pink or delicate green and cretonne hang ings, etc., to match will make a charm ing room of one that might be termed dismal and depressing, as some rooms have a habit of being. A caution Is to use plain paper or paper with small figures where a room is to be fitted out In gay cretonne; huge or starting designs will only cause discord. ITTING UP THE BATHROOM Some of the Requisites That Must Find a Place In the Modern Establishment. In the days of the old tin tub almost anything in the way of a towel was good enough, so long as It was free from holes. The advent of sanitary plumbing, the white enamel tub and basin, the tile or tile-effect walls and the nickel and glass fixtures have made the up-to-date bathroom a differ ent proposition. For Instance, utility is no longer the sole standard by which the bathroom linens are Judged They must also harmonize with the enamel and glass fittings. As a result housewives now buy their towels In sets In white, with an Initial or mono gram In color. Many towel sets are bought In plain or fancy material with out a monogram, which is worked by the housewife herself. jtsawroom sets or terry cloth are composed of two bath towels, a bath mat, and two face cloths, all with plain or fancy border and an initial or monogram. jacquara ngurea oath towels are new and attractive. They have a deep pink or blue border and the hem is daintily embroidered in color. The edge is finished with a deep border or crochet of white and color. Turkish and huck towels are almost always embroidered in color and finished with a scalloped or crocheted edge. Making Cocoa. When making cocoa, you can greatly improve the flavor, obviating the "flat" taste, by adding a pinch of salt and a few drops of extract of vanilla boiling several minutes makes co coa richer in taste and more digest! ble, while It stands to reason that milk and not water makes much the richer beverage, although milk and water may be mixed. Condensed or evaporated milk makes delicious co coa. Beat the cocoa for a few mln utes before serving It. Berry Roll. To one quart of flour use one table- spoonful of butter, mix this together with a silver knife, add three table- spoonfuls of baking powder and enough milk to make a dough that will roll. Flour one quart of berries, sugar them to taste, put them In layer on top of dough. Roll from one end. Cream for one hour. This BUould be served with hard sauce. Handy Fuel. You'll find solid alcohol an Ideal fuel In every way, for it is non- explosive, clean and cheap, and way ahead of gas for hurry-up cooking. There are special little stoves on the market now in which this fuel Is to be used, and the entire outfit of pan burner and alcohol Is cheap. Ho to Cook Beets. Fill a pall as large as will hold as many as you watt to cook. Don't cut them, as that makes them bleed. Cover with cold water, cover up tight, put In hot oven and let bake. This time of the year 1 put them in early so as to have them done tor dinner. They are no more trouble till done. Exchange. Juicy Pies. Pub crust with white of egg before putting material In, then the Juice won't soak througj and make piecrust voggy. Sauce. Take one and one-half cupfuls sweet milk, half cupful sugar, yolks of two eggs; flavor with vanilla; cook like custard. KILL ENEMY OF BABY DUTY OF ALL IS TO DO AWAY WITH THE FLY. As a Disseminator of Disease It Is Recognized That This Pest Can In No Way Find in Equal. (Prepared by the Children'! Bureau. United State! Department of Labor.) No one likes to have a single fly and, much less, a swarm of them buzz ing about him, or lighting on his food. But In addition to being a nuisance, be fly is also a real source of danger, owing to the fact that he may carry the germs of disease from the sick to the well. Typhoid fever Is known to be distributed in this way, and It Is believed that other forms of illness, Including diarrhea, are also carried about on the hairy feet and legs of the ordinary house or "typhoid" fly. On this account. It is especially the baby who needs to be protected from flies. Awake or asleep, he needs It. His milk should be kept out of their reach, and his bed or his sleeping room should be carefully screened against them, If It is not possible to have the whole house and the porch screened. The flies that get Into the house In spite of screens should be trapped. poisoned or swatted, but far more ef fective than any of these measures Is that of destroying the fly larvae before they hatch Into full-grown flies. The favorite breeding place If the common house fly Is in horse manure. In a pile of a thousand pounds there may be half a million maggots ready to hatch, unless they are destroyed In the larval stage, as the eggs are called. Various substances have been sug gested for use upon horse manure In order to destroy the fly maggots. Among theBe are iron sulphate, kero sene, chloride of lime, hellebore and borax. Some of these are too expen sive for continued use, and some, such as borax, when used in too large quan tities, may be Injurious to the crops upon which the manure so treated Is used. ' The United States department of agriculture has recently recommended powdered hellebore as a cheap, safe and effective substance for the treat ment of manure. "One-half pound of powdered hellebore mixed with ten gallons of water is sufficient to kill the larvae in eight bushels, or ten cubic feet of manure. In most placeB helle bore is obtainable In 100-pound lotB at a cost of 11 centB a pound. This makes the cost of the treatment a little less than seven-tenths of a cent per bushel of manure. A liberal estimate of the output of manure Is two bushels a day per horse." After the summer has advanced, the effort must be made to keep each indl vldual home as free from the pest as can be done with screens, fly papers. traps and swatters. Garbage palls must be kept cov ered, and no refuse of any sort should be allowed to accumulate about tbe- premises, to provide breeding and feeding places. As In most other things, prevention is far better than cure; the time for preventive meas ures to be most effective Is in April and May, when the fly crop Is small There are a great many kinds of fly traps on the market. Such traps can be made at home with little trouble, and the department of agriculture, Washington, will send directions upon request not only for traps, but for methods of destroying the eggs be fore they hatch Into flies. (A home made fly trap for 20 cents, and Bulle tin 245.) Fly Poison. House files are more than nui sances; they convey disease and filth wherever they go. So, If there are no screens In the house, try these sim ple methods for getting rid of them In the bedroom put a sponge In a sau cer and saturate It with oil of laven der.- If this 1b !'ung two or three feet above the table one may eat in peace throughout the meal. Pots of rose geranium, or the branches bruised and hung up, are also said to be good for files. A honey pot of death and de Btructlon to them may be made with two ounces of ground black pepper, four ounces of white sugar and half a pint of sweet milk. Cook the things together for a minute or so, and then All small plates with the mixtures keeping edibles closely covered Sweep up the dead files twice a day and burn them, Eggs la Quebec. Cut an onion Into fine dice, fry light ly In a tablespoonful of butter, then dash In a teaspoonful of vinegar. But ter a shallow dish and strew the onion in it. Break five eggs Into it, bein careful not to break the yolks. Bake In a hot oven until the whites are set Dust on salt and white pepper an sprinkle with coarse bread crumbs fried brown in butter, Garnish with parsley and serve in sauce dish. Lamb Stew. Boll slowly three pounds of lean lamb flank one hour, then add three or four sliced onions and noe-half cupful rice and boll with a heaping tea- spoonful of sage and summer savory for three-quarters of an hour. Then add a pint of cream of tartar dum pllngs, mixed with three eggs. Boll IV minutes. Fresh Peaoh Pie. Make a rich pie crust, and line deep pie plate with it. Pare and halve enough peaches to fill the shell well, and' place with cut side uppermost sprinkle generously with sugar an bits of butter, dredge with flour an bake 20 minutes or unt; the crust I well done. Serve hot or cold with cream or boiled custard. A Handy Cherry Seeder. An ordinary hairpin makes a good cherry seeder. Insert the closed end of the hairpin into the stem end of the cherry and draw out the seed. This simple seeder can be used rapidly, leaving the fruit whole and perfect In shape; the peculiar softness of worm fruit is also detected by Its use ROUNDHEADED APPLE ft Ti Clump of Service Bushes Showing Exit Borers. (Prepared by tlie Unltpfl fitatoa Depart ment of Agriculture.) The roundheaded apple-tree borer, the most destructive of a number of similar pests, causes much damage to apple orchards In the eastern half of the United States. It does not confine Us destructive methods solely to apple trees, but feeds on other fruit trees, as well as service, wild crab and mountain ash, which makes it advisable to cut out these latter varieties for a distance of at least a hundred yards from the orchard. Tho presence of the borers is easily detected. Sawdustlike castings of a reddish color are thrown out through small bolos in the bark as the borers feed. Heaps of these castings found at the base of apple, pear or quince trees are always an evidence that the trees need Immediate attention. Fre quently an examination of an orchard Induced by finding one tree with cast ings at the base will reveal the fact that many trees are affected and that serious injury has already been done. Ordinarily the parent beetle lives about 40 or CO days. It Is about three- fourths of an inch in length, light brown in color above, with two broad white bands Joined in front, extending the full length of the back; the un derparts and front of the head are white. The females rarely fly any considerable distance, so that If the immediate vicinity of an orchard can be kept free from them, there is little danger of a BeriouB infestation. Worming to Be Thoroughly Done. The most common method of rid dtng an orchard of these pests Is to cut away the bark sufficiently to trace the burrows made by the borer. A hooked wire is then Inserted Into the burrow and the insect pulled out. If made with care, the wound In the tree caused by this process will heal readily. The castings at the base of the tree serve as an indication of tho presence of tho borers. Where the burrows are curved or obstructed in some way so that the wire cannot be Inserted, cotton batting dipped In car bon bisulphld should be inserted and the hole then plugged with moist earth. The gas from the carbon bi sulphld will penetrate all parts of the burrow and kill the borer. In exten slve orchards where worming is done on a large scale by promiscuous labor some of the helpers are likely to be come careless and overlook or neglect to destroy an occasional borer. Every female so overlooked stands a good chance ot maturing within a year or two, when it will deposit eggs in a half dozen or more nearby trees, caus ing thereby a continued and an in creased infestation in that particular orchard. The importance of the following points should bo kept in mind by all persons who practice this method of borer control: 1. Borers should be removed from the trees as soon as possible after hatching. 2. Every borer In the orchard should be found and destroyed. 3. Borers should not be allowed to breed In cultivated or wild host trees $ g A. Egg Punctures of Roundheaded Apple Tree Borer in Bark Three Punc tures Are to Be Seen. growing within at least 200 or 300 feet of the orchard. Paint Acts as Preventive. In addition to worming, as this process is cnlled, paint Is often used to prevent the beetles laying their eggs. Pure white lead and raw lin seed oil, mixed rather thick, will not Injure tho trees, and when applied to young, smooth bark, will form a pro tective coat during the egg-laying sea son. It Is probable that this is a more effective method than wrapping the trees with building paper, cotton bat ting, cloth or other materials some times used for this purpose. Before painting, however, the earth should be removed from the base of the tree for a depth of from three to four inches. The surface of tho trunk thus exposed should be first scraped and painted - TREE BORER PEST . i a. . a. Holes of Roundheaded Apple-Tree and the earth then replaced. This ! necessary, for the beetle occasionally lays her eggs under Instead of above the ground. As the Insect In Its borer stage Uvea and feeds under the bark, insecticide sprays cannot be used successfully against It. When the borer has reached the adult stage It feeds more or less on the exposed Burface of leaves and twigs and on the moisture contained In the fresh castings thrown out by borers still working in the trees, Arsenate of lead sprayed on trees on which they are feeding would kill many of the adult beetles, but It 1 doubtful if it would pay ordinarily to spray for the purpose ot killing this Insect alone, except in the case ot ft badly infested orchard. Farmers' bulletin No. 67S, "The Roundheaded Apple-Tree Borer," which contains ft description of this Adult Roundheaded Apple-Tree Borei Just Emerged From Exit Hole In Bark. pest and different methods ot control may be secured upon application to the United States department of agri culture. ORCHARD SHADE FOR CHICKS Ideal Place for Coops and Brooders-. Double Use May Be Made of Sunflower Plants. All will agree that an ideal place for coops, colony coops and brooder coop Is in a well grown orchard. There the chicks have shade from the hot noon day sun, but since every farm or poul try yard has not an orchard the ques tion of shade must be given some con sideration. If there Is no natural shade, coops placed between rows ot sunflowers will provide the chicks Bhade. Sunflowers grow rapidly, provide good shade and the seeds make good winter food for the poultry. However, it one cannot plant sunflowers and there Is no shade for the chickens, muslin or old burlap stretched over high poles will provide shade. Anything that will cast a shadow, so as to provide a place for the chickens to rest in during the heat of the day. Fruit trees always do well when planted In chlckenyards, espe cially when the ground is kept dug up around them. By all means remember to provide some kind of shade to be ready for the warm days, and the chickens will be more comfortable and thrive better. SEPARATE COCKS FROM HENS Not Advisable to Kill or Dispose of Valuable Breeding Stock Large Loss In Handling Eggs. (By 1 A. HEI.MEREICH, Colorado Ex periment Station.) Many people think that the cocks have to be with the hens in order to get eggs. This is a mistake, and has been demonstrated as such by experi. meats and practice for the large poul try plants seldom have a cock on the place and their hens will actually lay more eggs without the cock around. I do not advise you to kill or dis pose of valuable breeding stock, but merely separate them from the hens. When we stop to consider that there is $600,000,000 forth ot poultry sold by our farmers annually, and that this amounts to as much as the money re ceived for wheat or hay; that 8 per cent of all the eggs sold are lost through careless handling, and that a large per cent of this loss is due to the production of fertile eggs during the hot months of the year, it Is easy to see how essential It is to "swat the rooster." Use Cholera Preventives. There are hog raisers and feeders who keep hoping against hope that the doaths In their herds are due to other troubles when In reality 1' li tho cholera. Preventives are cheap.