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About The Maupin times. (Maupin, Or.) 1914-1930 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 6, 1915)
KEEPING BABY WELl
DIRECTIONS FOR CARE OF LITTLE
ONE IN SUMMER.
Some General Rules That Ever)
Mother Will Do Well to Follow
Right Food and Suitable Cloth
ing Are Most Important.
(Prepared for this pnper by the Chlldren'l
Bureau, U. S. Department of Labor.)
It Is bo much easier to keep a babj
well than It Is to make him well aftei
he has become 111 that the wise moth
er will do all she can to prevent his
Illness. Summer diarrhea, which Is
ont of the chief afflictions of baby life
may ouen De prevented by propel
care, and for this there are a few gen.
eral rules that every mother should
know and strive to follow.
The first and most Important is thai
the baby should have the proper food
at regular Intervals, and plenty ol
cool drinking water between meals
This food Bhould be breast milk foi
the first nine months, or If that is im
possible, cows' milk, diluted to Bull
the baby's age and condition.
Besides having the right food tht
baby needs to be kept cool and cleat
by plenty of baths and by the light
est possible clothing. He also needs
a constant supply of fresh air, nighi
and day, and a large, allowance o
Do not be afraid to let the baby gc
almost naked during the hot hours ol
a summer day.' If he Is well and
strong he need wear nothing but his
diaper, and, possibly, one other gai-
ment. This may be for a young babj
a sleeveless knitted band which leaves
the arms and legs uncovered, and foi
an older baby an apron or dress. All
these garments should be cotton. A
very young and delicate baby maj
need a part wool band or Bhlrt, bul
wool, Is, in general, too warm and toe
irritating to be worn in summer. 01
course the mother will protect the
baby from a chill by dressing him
fully when the day cools or when a
storm or wind arises.
Do not inflict starched garments
upon the baby in summer. Babies art
sometimes much worried by the
scratching of knitted socks on theli
feet In summer and also by the lrrita
tlon caused by starched muslin cape
on their heads. Starched ruffles
about the neckband of a baby's sllr.
may chafe the flesh until a serious
skin disease results.
Every healthy baby should have 8
full tub bath every day in summei
and In addition one or more sponge
baths on the hottest days. For the
tub bath for a young baby the watei
should be Just comfortably warm tc
the mother's elbow neither hot noi
cold. It may be cooler for a baby a
year old, but not cold enough to chill
. or frighten htm. Use a bland soap
like castile, as a harsh soap Is pretty
sure to make the baby's skin Bore
Be sure the soap Is completely rinsed
off and the skin thoroughly dried, by
patting, not rubbing it. After it is
dry a little pure talcum power should
be dusted in the cracks and folds ol
the skin, in the groin, and under the
arms. Use no soap In the sponge bath
A little baby should be carefully held
in the tub. The mother should pul
her own left hand under the baby's
left arm in such a way that the baby's
head and neck are supported by her
Prickly heat Is the result of too
warm clothing, or of the hot weather.
It is a line red rash which appears on
the back and shoulders and comes
and goes with the hot ancl cool weath
er. Bathe the baby frequently, but
use no soap Either a bran, soda or
starch bath may be tried.
Bran Bath. Make a little bag ol
cheesecloth and put a cupful of or
dlnary bran in it and sew it or tie
it up. Let this bag Boak in the bath,
squeezing it until the water is milky.
Starch Bath. Use a cupful of or
dinary cooked laundry starch to a gal
lon of water. If the laundry starch
has had anything like salt, lard, oil,
bluing, etc., added to it, It must not
be used for this purpose.
Soda Bath. Dissolve a tablespoon
ful of ordinary baking soda in a lit
tie water and add It to four quarts
After bathing the baby pat the skin
dry with a soft clean towel, but do
not rub it. Then dust the reddened
places with a powder composed of
three parts of cornstarch and one of
boric sifted together.
Keep the baby out of doors as much
as possible, except when the outside
air is hotter than that indoors. A
screened porch is equivalent to an
additional room. On it the baby, as
well as the other members of the fam
ily, may practically live by day, and
in many cases by night as well. Here
he will be protected from his great
nemy, the fly, that carries disease
germs about It also makes a safe
place to leave the baby while the
mother Is busy Indoors.
A play pen on the clean grass under
a shady tree will afford the baby many
an hour of happiness and relieve the
mother of worry as to his safety. ' A
blanket or rug, or a carpet of newspa
pers may be spread on the grass in
the bottom of the pen so that the baby
will not find stones and sticks to put
Into his mouth.
Indoors the coolest rocm should be
chosen for the baby. Do not be
afraid of fresh air. This is the only
kind the baby should know anything
about Open all the windows at night
Night air is just as good as day air
and perhaps better, because it may
have been cooled and cleansed by tha
WOULD TEMPT THE EPICURE
No Modern Dish Can Be Accounted
Superior to the Squirrel Stew
of the Early Days.
Young squirrel, new potatoes and
June peas, stewed together in an iron
pot, over a hickory wood fire. As Har
ry Lauder says, "Ye canna beat it."
In the early days It was a prime fa
vorite in Kentucky, and the pioneerB
of Missouri brought a yearning for It
with them when they came overland
from the Blue Grass state and settled
along the rivers and creeks in Mis
souri. There were plenty of squirrels in
the woods of Missouri in those days,
and in the middle of June, when new
potatoes were about the size of wal-
nuts, and early peas were big enough
In the shell, the old man. or the hi.
gest boy of the family, would lift the
long-Darreled squirrel rifle and powder
horn down from the neea over the flrn.
place and go out after a "mess" of
young squirrels. At that time in June
they were just large enough to dress
A hunter who would shoot a squir
rel anywhere except through the head
was accounted a mighty poor shot.
And it had to be shot In the head or
not at all, for a squirrel Is a wary ani
mal. As the hunter goes around one
side of the tree the squirrel goes
around the other way, keeping the tree
between him and the enemy, but oc
casionally he peeps out to see what
is going on, and that is the hunter's
Half a dozen squirrels Is enough for
a mess. While the head of the family
is dressing them the womenfolk are
grubbing out a half peck of new pota
toes and rubbing off the tender red
skins, and shelling a quart or two of
new peas. Squirrel, potatoes and peas
are put into the pot together.
It must be an iron pot. Any old
settler will tell you that there is a
flavor and a tang to "vlttles" stewed
In an iron pot that modern pots and
pans never impart. The ingredients
must be allowed to simmer, not to boil
briskly, but stew gently over a slow
fire until the whole mass In tWmitrh.
ly disintegrated. Then it is ladled out
ana eaten while piping hot. A chunk
of corn pone, dinned into the 1nlr-v
stew and munched with it, im
Anyone who has eaten nf thl filch
will tell you that in all the range of
cookery there is nothing quite so good.
The tender voune souirrel moot h
fallen away from the bones, the new
potatoes have melted, the peas have
imparted to the whole a faint
ish hue, and all havt blended together
in a savory mass redolent of June
buds and June blossoms.
Learned Something Worth Knowing.
"AS far as I nun loam " nall .n
Atchison man to the Globe, "all my Ut
ile gin learned in school this year is
that her. eyes are not mates, that she
will have to be vaccinated and that
her method of breathing is old-fashioned."
To which the Downs Times
retorts: "Well, what's the man com
plaining about? If his dallrhtar haa
her eyes fitted with proper glasses she
win oe netter able to do the reading
that the course demands., even if ah
did not learn the multiplication table.
u sne escapes the smallpox and pre
serves her beauty, she will consider
that as valuable by the time she is
twenty as if she had committed the
Constitution to memory, and knowing
how to breathe properly may con
tribute as much 1ov
her fair young life as being able to lo
cate tne medulla oblongata and name
the bones in the skull. Tf pHiih
prepares for fuller, better living, what
reason nas some fossil who got his
education in the three R In tha riao
of lickin' and learnln" to complain
Decause nis children are enjoying it?"
Kansas City Star.
New Metal Comlno. Into Use.
Steel and bronze, largely used for
jeais in me plating or yachts, bid fair
to be replaced by Monel metal, an
alloy resembling nickel in appearance.
It Is harder and tougher than nickel
steel, retains its brightness, and does
not corrode. In this respect it is even
better than bronze, which has been
used on several of the big racing
yachts and on a few of the cruisers.
In 1893 experiments were made with
bronze and the cup defender of that
year, the Vigilant, was the first vessel
to. be plated with bronze. She was
a big success. The bronze gave her
a smooth, clean undorbody, and hav
ing a greater tensile strength than
steel, Herreshoff was able to turn out
a comparatively light boat. In 1895
the Defender was built for cup de
fense, and she was plated with alumi
num. This made a lightly built hull,
but the aluminum, corroded and the
yacht decayed after a couple of years.
Since that time steel and bronze have
been used, and the Vanltie, built last
year, was the first to have Monel
Extra Pay for Beauties.
"Every American boy and girl has
an inalienable right to have a good
looking school teacher, and school
boards should be willing to pay $15
a month more for comely instructors
than for homely ones."
Dr. Henry S. Curtis, New York play
expert expressed that theory to west
ern Kansas school teachers at Fort
Doctor Curtis believes that better
looking teachers mean better disci
pline and more effective teaching.
Doctor Curtis also believes that nlav
should be marre" compulsory lust as
education is. In 12 generations most
Americans will be insane unless play
la taught, he says.
No one can tell when the bride of
today will introduce the mode of to
day in some detail of her wedding
gown, be it ever so conventional in
style. For since her choice of fabrics
may lie anywhere from tulle to bro
cade, falling upon the lightest or the
heaviest or any of the gradations be
tween, she has as wide a choice in
design. This follows because she must
adapt style to the fabric, and there
fore we have wedding gowns and
wedding gowns, no two alike and all
But bridea are apparently of one
mind as to the treatment of the bodice.
Nearly all of them choose the conven
tional long sleeve and the unconven
tional V-shaped neck, more or less
As to skirts, they may be short and
wide, in thin materials, and untrained.
A girlish French model of -lace and
chiffon was made even a little shorter
than ankle length, with wide panel of
lace down the front, broadening to
ward the bottom. The skirt flared de
cidedly. Having departed in an op
posite direction from the conventional
mode thus far, the designer appears
to have repented. The very long
sleeves of chiffon and very high neck
in the lace bodice made a humble and
contrite apology for the engaging
frivolity of the skirt.
The outing cap, which can be easily
converted into an auto bonnet and 1b
made of stuff that will stand the stress
of wind and weather, needs not to be
recommended. It speaks for Itself and
its talking points are unanswerable.
As a rule these caps are made of
mercerized poplin or Palm Beach
cloth, although pongee, taffeta and
some other fabrics are occasionally
used. Mercerized poplin and Palm
Beach cloth are cotton materials in
weaves so attractive that they are
often combined with silk and lose
nothing by this close association with
It Both these materials are) washable
Machine stitching and narrow silk
braid are relied upon to furnish the
decorative features in these useful
caps. Sometimes they are used to
gether. The brims and crowns are
often in contrasting colors, or the
brims are faced with a color different
from that in the body of the cap. Fa
vorite combinations are those made
of pongee-colored cloth with bright
green, blue, black or red Introduced In
the brim facings.
Veils are cither of tbe same color
as the body of the cap or like tbe con
trasting color used. They are about
two yards long and three-quarters (or
less) In width. When tbe cap is to be
nscd for motoring they slip through
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The veil worn with this gown was
of lace-bordered net, ample as to full
ness and long enough to lie a few
Inches on the floor.
Nothing could be much simpler In
design than the splendid wedding
gown of one of New York's spring
brides. It was made of white and sil
ver brocade wtih white satin court
train, and cut in the empire style. The
Bkirt and waist were In one. The
skirt, long and only moderately full,
nunc close to the fieure. The "hahv"
waist had a V-shaped neck and verjn
long sleeves of net. The train was
bordered with wide lace, and a hand
some lace veil was arranged in man
tilla fashion over the hair. It fell part
ly over the train.
JULIA BOTTOM LEY.
The phases of the new petticoat are
many. We have princess slips of
silk, batiste, crepe de chine, held
over the shoulders with straps of
ribbon and elaborately trimmed
about the hem with wide flounces of
lace, plaited organdie, chiffon or net,
caught here and there with bouquets
of delicately tinted French flowers.
They measure from four to six yards
about the hem, and sometimes little
1845 pantalettes, made of materials to
match the petticoat, are worn beneath.
slides sewed at the sides of tbe cap.
The brims turn up or down and re
main in almost any position the wear
er may want. The veils may be tied
about the cap In big bows and become
a trimming In an emergency requiring
something more pretentious looking
than the cap unadorned. The clever
girl may be trusted to ring all the
changes possible with these classy bits
of head wear, which are, by the way, so
inexpensive that everyone may own
them. JULIA BOTTOMLEY.
New Hat Model.
One of the prettiest transparent hat
modelB la shown in a shop which
caters to exclusive patronage, writes a
New York correspondent. The crown,
a round bunchy, dented tam-o'-shanter,
is of neapolltan and tbe brim is
naught but a wide stiffened ruffle of
mallnes, so full that the ruffle curves
up and down bonnlly at the edges. If
desired, so that the mallnes will long
er keep Its shape, the ruffle may be
supported with satin-covered wire,
bent to accommodate tbe natural
curves of tbe ruffle and extending in
a few radiating spokes from the crown
as well. If the mallnes ruffle is un
supported by wire, then the mallnes
must be renewed from time to time,
and a very stiff variety must be obtained.
- II I , , H Mi
:Tth ftp. s 1
MAYONNAISE EASY TO MAKE
Popular Dressing Haa Wrongly Been
Considered Too Difficult for the
The making of mayonnaise dressing
was formerly regarded as a very trou
blesome affair. Exceptional cooks or
housewives, it is true, would assert
that it was no trouble, once the knack
was acquired; but as a rule it was not
a popular dressing with busy cooks.
The reason was not far to seek. In
the first place, tradition held that if
mayonnaise dressing curdled it must
be thrown out and a new mixture
b tar ted; and, as it often curdles, this
was not a cheerful prospect to face
when time was short. In the second
place, tradition asserted that good
mayonnaise could be made only by
adding the oil drop by drop a lengthy
and troublesome process.
Tradition in both instances was
wrong. If the mayonnaise curdles, an
egg yolk should be broken into a clean
bowl and beaten thoroughly and the
curdled mixture added to this drop.
In this way the mayonnaise will be
The three-minute mixture that saves
the tedious drop-by-drop process is
made as follows:
Measure out the salt and mustard
into a bowl and add a whole egg, both
yolk and white. Beat this mixture
thoroughly and then add one-third of a
cupful of oil, all at once. . Beat this
until it begins to thicken, then add an
other third of a cupful of oil. This
makes a fairly thin mayonnaise. If
a thicker one is desired more oil must
be added, making a cupful of oil in
all; beat until very stiff, then Bet the
bowl on ice until the dressing is
Mayonnaise made by this process is
less likely to curdle than that made
In the old way, and the mixture is
quite as good.
A bowl or jar of mayonnaise will
keep for some time if put in the re
frigerator, and it is very useful to
have on hand. It is well to remember,
too, that a mayonnaise can be trans
formed into a tartare sauce by the ad
dition of chopped gherkins and capers.
Therefore it is economy in time so to
plan your menus that a fish dish
served with a tartare sauce Is fol
lowed the next day by a salad requir
ing a mayonnaie dressing, or vice
FOR USE IN THE LAUNDRY
Best Soap Is That Made of Fat and
an Alkali Excellent for Disin
The best laundry soap (made of
fat and an alkali) is, during the proc
ess of making, kneaded like dough.
This admits air into the soap and
causes it to float when hardened. A
soap that floats dissolves easily in wa
ter and Is excellent for disinfecting
purposes. The alkali and the salts of
the fat acids combine with tbe water
and this solution readily penetrates
porous substances and adheres to solid
surfaces, killing any fully developed
bacteria that it touches.
Such a soap solution combined with
boiling water is invaluable for disin
fecting clothing from the sick room,
where there has been an Infectious
disease. Pour the boiling water and
soap solution down tbe pipes ot the
kitchen sink and the bathroom con
nections. Use it once a week at least
for cleansing the garbage receptacle.
The solution may be used for disin
fecting floors. Have one pall of the
soap and water and another of clean
hot water. Scrub the floor and base
board with a stiff brush dipped In the
soap and water, riiiBlng the brush
carefully in the hot water after each
application. Today's Magazine.
Strawberries In Jelly.
Make some lemon jelly with one pint
of water, six small or four large
lemons, ten ounces of sugar, about an
ounce of gelatin and one wineglass of
sherry wine. Squeeze the juice from
the lemons on the sugar, adding the
water, and, when dissolved, strain it
and add tbe gelatin which has been
dissolved. Pour this into small folds
or cups and set on Ice to harden. When
ready to Berve, turn them carefully
from the cups and cut out the cen
ter, which Is to be filled with choice
berries and whipped cream.
Cook half a cupful of rice in one
quart of milk until tender, and the
yolks of four eggs beaten until light
and mixed with half a teaspoonful of
salt and half a cupful of sugar; cook
two minutes longer, then remove from
the fire, flavor with two teaspoonfuls
ot vanilla and turn Into a baking dish.
Beat the whites of the eggs until stiff,
fold in three tablespoonfuls of pow
dered sugar, flavor with a few drops of
lemon. Spread this over the pudding
and brown lightly.
Vanilla Ice Cream.
Two quarts ot milk, two cans con
densed milk, one-half pint ot cream,
one tablespoonful vanilla and very lit
tle, if any, sugar. This is smooth and
fine grated. Coffee ice cream Is made
In the same way by using three pints
of milk and one pint of strong coffee.
Crush large cupful of strawberries
and mix with half a cupful of granu
lated sugar. Whip a cupful of cream
till very stiff. Then stir the straw
berries lightly into it
Just waBh It and cut In small pieces.
Put In jars all It will hold, then All up
with cold water until it runs over.
Put covers on, Will keep a year If
you want It to.
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CRADLE FOR A DOLL FAMILY
One Can Be Made From Cardboard by
Following Directions Given Very
Pleasing When Finished.
Has your family of dollB a baby doll
In It, and would you like to have a
cradle In which the baby doll can.
sleep? If so, you can make one after
the design here Bhown. It is really
quite simple to make and is very
pleasing when made. Of course, since
it is to be made from cardboard, you
could not put a very fat or a very
heavy baby doll to Bleep in it, for it
might break down.
First, draw your pattern on card
board or pasteboard as much larfier as
you think it ought to be. Then cut
around the outlines and on the four
heavy lines according to the diagram
given. Then fold on the dotted lineB,
turn over the sections marked with a
cross and paste them to the cradle
Rock-a-bye baby! You have now a
bed for a tiny baby and you can put
In a pillow and a tiny coverlet if you
LOVE IS WONDERFUL WORD
Has Meant Many Things Before and
8lnce the Coming of Christ
Belongs to New Testament.
The word "love" has been a favor
lte one for the poets and story tellers
of all ages, but the New Testament
word for love Is unique. It stands for
an Idea, an experience, a possession
that did not exist before Jesus came.
In fact, the word Itself, the very let
ters of It, was almost new when the
New Testament authors were writing,
the Christian Herald observes.
It was a word that the editors ot
the septuaglnt version of the Bible
had used when they made their trans
lation ot the Old Testament from He
brew into Greek about two hundred
years before tbe birth of Christ But
the word is not found in classical
Greek. It seems to be a word that
belongs particularly to the Bible, and,
specially, to the New Testament.
What did Paul mean by this won
derful word love? It seems extreme
ly unfortunate that the translation ot
the King James version called It char
ity, for that English word has come to
mean just what Paul distinctly says
he did not "Though I bestow all
my goods to feed the poor" that la
charity, as the word Is now used in
English, and Paul was talking about
something much higher than that.
Joy Is one of the things that should
grow with our growth. Some peo
ple speak ot childhood as it it were
tbe happiest time of life, but little
troubles look very big to small peo
ple. A girl of sixteen should be more
joyful than a child of six, and a wom
an of sixty more joyful than either,
Point Was Lost.
The Teachei- Now, children, listen
to this. Thomas Campbell, the fa
mous poet, once walked six miles to
a printing office to have a comma in
one ot bis poems changed to a semi
colon. Why did he take all that
Bright Boy 'Cause he didn't have
A pr rn (