WORLD'S DOINGS OF CURRENT WEEK Brief Resume of General News from All Around the Earth. UNIVERSAL HAPPENINGS IN A NUTSHELL Live News Items From AH Nations, Pacific Northwest and Our Own Commonwealth Condensed for Our Many Busy Readers. The National Congress of Mothers is in session at Portland. Wenatchee, Wash., apples are sel lingin Germany for $8 a box. Because of anti-German riots in England, German subjects ask Ameri can aid. The Italian cabinet has resigned as a result of disagreement over the Eu ropean war question. Lightning strikes tree near Lebanon, Ore., and kills 20 goats that were seeking shelter there. Baptists in session at Houston, Tex.', unanimously decide to support Presi dent Wilson in the war crisis. Austro-Germans capture 143,500 Rus sians, 69 cannon, 255 machine guns in the recent battles in Galicia. Portland, Ore., is sprinkling coal oil on all . nearby lakes, pools and ponds, in order to destroy the mosquito pest. The national committee of the So cialist party adopted a peace program, but met with considerable opposition in doing so. The Turks sink English battleship Goliath in the Dardanelles, with a loss of 500 men. The Sultan loses three ships of minor importance. United States government sends note of protest to Germany concerning the sinking of the Lusitania and other vessels conveying Americans. The cold from which King Constan tino has been suffering for the past week has turned into pleurisy, says Reuter's Athens correspondent. A high German government official declares that the steamship Mauretania will meet the same fate as the Lusi tania if their submarines can reach her. At the annual school exhibit at Baker, Ore., 25 girls in the domestic science department made more than 1000 doughnuts and distributed them to the visitors. Treasury experts of the United States declare that in the event of war with Germany financial aid to the ex tent of a billion dollars could be made without embarrassment or distress to business interests. William D. Haywood, secretary treasurer of the I. W. W., declares before the Federal Industrial Relations committee that "implacable warfare" against capital must be waged until it ends in confiscation of the means of production. John D. Rockefeller wins an import' ant decision in his fight to prevent the collection of taxes on $311,000,000 worth of property in Cuyahoga county, New York. The taxes, with penal ties for non-payment when due, now amount to about $1,500,000. James Morrison Darnell, a Kenosha, wis., minister, was found guilty of violating the Mann white slave act, Darnell was charged with transporting Ruth Zoper from Owatonna, Minn., to Kenosha. The judge in charging the jury said the case hinged on whether Darnell and Ruth Zoper were married. Seward, Alaska, is visited by a $100,000 fire. Neutrals in Italy are hopeful that their country will keep out of the war. Anti-German riots are occurring In London and have gotten beyond control of the peace officers. Thomas A. Edison, the Inventor, and the "wizard of electricity," is to pay Portland a visit in July. It is reported that Clarence Fisher, an American ranch foreman in Mex ico, was brutally murdered by Mexican bandits. President Wilson's draft of note to Germany on the sinking of the Lusi tania is unanimously approved by the cabinet. A deputation of prominent German residents and business men called on the Lord Mayor of Bradford, England, and handed him a written protest against the "inhuman methods em ployed by the German government in waging war against non-combatants, including women and children, which have culminated in the sinking of the Lusitania." General Nelson A. Miles, retired, asserts that the sinking of the Lusi tania is only one of many disasters while the European war lasts. The body of Alfred W. Vanderbilt, the millionaire, who was victim of the Lusitania, is reported as having been picked up on the Irish coast An official communication issued from Petrograd says: "On the 10th our Black Sea fleet, after bombarding the forts of the Bosphorus, exchanged fire with the cruiser Goeben, which, being struck by many projectiles, made off rapidly." HUMANITY FIRST IS PRESIDENT'S VIEW IN SPEECH AT NEW YORK New York President Wilson the man on whom the eyes of the world are turned because of the international situation Tuesday reviewed the At lantic fleet in the Hudson river and at a luncheon tendered to him on shore by the City' of New York told a distin guished gathering of navy officers, army officers and civilians what the country and its navy stood for. The great battleships that lay in the river, he said, were "engines to promote the interests of humanity." "The inspiring thing about Amer ica," the President asserted, "is that she asks nothing for herself except what she has a rightto ask forjhuman ity itself. We want no nation's prop erty; we wish to question no nation's honor; we wish to stand selfishly in the way of the development of no na tion. . . It is not pretension on our part to say that we are privileged to stand for what every nation would like to stand for and speaking for those things which all humanity most de sire." The spirit which brooded over the river, said the President, was "just a solemn evidence that the force of America is the force of moral princi ple, that there is not anything else she loves and that there is not anything else for which she will contend." The President took occasion in his speech to pay tribute to Secretary of the Navy Daniels, who sat beside him. Although the day was damp and chilly, with occasional downpours of rain, the weather in no away abated the enthusiasm with which New York greeted the head of the nation. In the forenoon he reviewed a land parade of 5000 sailors and marines from the fleet's 16 battleships, and from the moment he set foot on shore until after the luncheon he returned to the Mayflower to review the fleet, his progress through the streets was a con tinuous ovation, remarked upon by those who accompanied him as the most enthusiastic they had witnessed since the President's inauguration. He was plainly touched by the welcome accorded him. Seven Battles in Week is Bloodiest of Entire War in Western Europe London Seven separate and distinct battles were fought in the week just closed and there can be little doubt that the days from Saturday, the 8th, until Friday, the 14th, will rank among the most bloody in the history of Western Europe, says the corre spondent of the Times. He adds : "Saturday night saw no lessening in the intensity of the struggle. On the Ypres front, although outnumbered and in danger of being outflanked, our men again and again hurled back Ger man attacks. "During the darknessthe Germans, as though aware that with every pass ing hour their opportunity was slip ping away, continued to hurl them selves against our lines. "Men who lived through this night shot until they could no longer hold their rifles. The fury of the assault was indescribable. "Dawn of Sunday showed in the fields in front of Ypres the dead piled like cornstalks at harvest time, British and Germans lying side by side." Freezing Temperature Over Wide Area. Washington, D. C. Abnormally cold weather prevailed Tuesday night throughout the entire country except in the Gulf states, with tempeatures 20 degrees below the seasonal average in the Upper Lake region and the Da kotas. Snow fell in St. Paul and other parts of Minnesota and West Virginia. Reports to the weather bureau told of the disturbance, one accompnied by heavy frosts in Nebraska, Minnesota and parts of Iowa and Wisconsin, and the other attended by rains over the Northern states east of the Missis sippi, which were said to be responsi ble for the unsettled condition and low temperatures. The Eastern storm was Baid to be passing into the Atlantic and the one in the West to be moving eastward. Frost warnings were issued for many Bections. Liberty Bell Due July IS. Philadelphia Saturday, July 17, will be Liberty Bell Day at the Panama-Pacific exposition. The relic will leave Philadelphia July 5. It will ar rive in San Francisco July 16. Sev eral stops will be made along the way. Omaha and Lincoln will be reached July 9, Denver July 10, Portland and Salem July 15, Sacramento July 16 The Liberty Bell will reach Portland at 6 a. m. and will be sidetracked here six hours so that all who wish may have the opportunity of viewing it. It will leave here for Salem at noon. Riots Surprise Germans. Berlin The Overseas News Agency Wednesday gave out the following: "The German press expresses sur prise at the impotence of the London police. Mob rule is easily suppressed where the police are active. Official reports of parliamentary debate clearly show that the hatred of the Germans is the only pretext left for plundering. That the internment of all hostile for eigners should be necessary to protect stranger! is a bad sign." 600 Farmers Attend Semi annual Picnic at Silverton Silverton The farmers' institute and picnic, held in this city Saturday, was attended by 600 farmers. The damp weather of the few days imme diately preceding it necessitated a slight change in plans and the ad dresses of the morning were held in ai theater. The entire day was bright and clear and by noon the dampness had so far disappeared from the park that it was deemed advisable to hold the remainder of the exercises there. County Agriculturist Chapin spoke on "Soil Fertility; How to Maintain It."' Miss Elizabeth Levy, of this city, played several violin boIos. "Di State Grange Asks Rural Credits at Annual Session Tillamook Demands for a rural credit or Federal long-time loan law were made in a committee report to the State Grange in session here. Af ter an hour of discussion, the grange decided to take no action on the report until the committee in charge of the Bathrick bill has announced its find ings. The committee also urged the grange to declare it would support no candi date for the United States senate who would not promise to work and vote for a rural credit law. Increase in the limit placed on pos tal savings accounts to $5000 with the privilege of diverting these funds to the farmers at a low rate of interest was favored by the committee in a res olution which was adopted. A resolution also was adopted by the grange declaring against tax exemp tions on certain classes of property. The resolution, however, was not op posed to an exemption of $300 on household goods actually in use. The grange also declared in favor of a Federal law that would require man ufacturers of woolen goods to mark their products to indicate whether they are made of long wool or recarded or of old woolen garments. Changes in mail or rural routes were opposed in a resolution adpoted and the changing Big Power Project Begun for Oregon Electric at Eugene Eugene A force of men is at work at the Oregon Electric's $5,000,000 power project at Clear Lake at the head of the McKenzie river in the summit of the Cascade mountains. Preliminary work is to be rushed says L. C. Gillman, president of the Oregon Electric, who arrived in Eugene this week. He stated definitely that no other plans for development are under way. , "I am not prepared to state at this time how soon the permanent con struction work will begin, " he said. The McKenzie power project, one of the largest in the state, involving the tapping of one of the largest lakes at the summit of the Cascades, was com menced quietly several years ago. Engineers established headquarters and meteorological readings were made daily over a period of two years. Final surveys were made and engineers reports submitted were favorable to the projects. The first formal announcement was made more than a year ago, when one of the engineers, returning with the final reports, made public the plans. New Stage Line to Start. Klamath Falls An automobile stage service is to be inaugurated by George Hoyt, of Fort Klamath, and will oper ate 'between Chiloquin, which is the point at which passengers on the Southern Pacific for the North leave the train, and Bend. Two machines will be used, so the stages may leave Bend and Chiloquin at the same time, meeting at Crescent. Trips will be made on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Sat urdays. The route will permit of Btops at Harp, La Pine, Crescent, Lonroth, Skeen Ranch and other places. Pas sengers, freight and baggage will be transported, and arrangements have also' been made for private mail de livery for farmers living along the route who are some distance from postoffices. Big Rains Damage Roads. Baker Torrents of rain this week greatly benefited crops, but did consid erable damage. In 24 hours .27 inch of rain brought the total for the year within .01 inch of normal and settled definitely the possibilities of a dry season. The city was without light or power five hours because the wind blew a tree across the line of the East ern Oregon Light & Power company near the Rock Creek plant. The roads are a quagmire and many places are isolated. Roads between here and Halfway are practically impassable. Safe Blast Fruitless. Canyonville Robbers who blew the safe of J. M. Gross & Son, general merchants, demolished the store office and awakened the town at S o'clock Thursday morning, were chased away before they could loot the cash drawer after they had opened the vault with a gigantic charge of nitroglycerine. The report of the explosion brought neighbors to the store and the men es caped in the darkness without any valuables. versified Farming" was the subject of Professor French, of Oregon Agricul tural college. Representative Hawley spoke on "Farm Credits." Free luncheon was served by the business men of Silverton at noon. Mr. Chapin is preparing to hold a corn show here this fall and arrange ments are well under way for it. Plans are being made for cash prizes in lib eral amounts. Saturday's meeting surpassed in interest and attendance the expectations of even the most hopeful, and it is believed because of the interest now awakened that this event will be made a semi-annual oc- of the date of the collection of the second half of the taxes from October 5 to the first Monday in November favored in another. In the demand for the rural credit law the committee recites that the people of the country expected relief from the financial stringency after the passage of the administration currency act and that the law has failed to bring about that relief. It says that money is as scarce as it -was before the passage of the act, and reports that rates of interest have remained as be fore. It calls upon all of the subordinate granges of the state to support a measure for the relief of the farmers, contending that the interest rates now charged by lenders are "eating the vitals and life out of the state and na tion." The committee would have congress grant to the states the right to issue non-interest-bearing bonds to be used as time loans on which the secretary of the treasury would issue currency less 2 per cent discount. This would be handled by the state land board and applicants for funds would receive loans not in excess of 50 per cent of the valuation of land for periods of 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 or 35 years at a rate not more than 4 per cent, payable semi-annually, Coos and -Curry Farmers Will Compete for Dairy Show Prizes Marshfield Coos and Curry counties will hold their dairy show and annual Fair at Myrtle Point soon. Since the cow-testing associations have been in operation the interest in better cows and closer attention to production has increased wonderfully and the ranchers are ready for any contest. The Fair association has appropriated $200 for this particular feature of the Fair and the following exhibits will be made for prizes Dairy cows, showing best records for production of butter fat for a period of 90 consecutive days in any of the cow testing associations during 1915, get three prizes. All entries must be registered cows or from a registered sire. Cheese and butter exhibit has three prizes for both commodities. Pro fessor O. G. Simpson, of the depart ment of dairy manufacturing, Oregon Agricultural college, will score the points in this Bhowing. Exhibitors will show five full-weight Cheddar cheeses or 15,rolls of butter. - Klamath Shipping Cattle. Klamath Falls Three carloads of cattle have been shipped to the Port land markets. These are the first Klamath Falls cattle to go to the Port land Union Stockyards for some time, and the grading and prices they re ceive is being awaited with interest by Klamath Falls shippers. It is thought by some shippers that the Portland market, while it offers in some instances more attractive prices for stock, cut the profits from ship ments there by too strict "grading. If the prices and gradings at Port land are what Klamath Falls men be lieve they should be, there is reason to expect that some of the several car loads of stock that are sent away from Klamath FalU every Thursday will be delivered to Portland instead of going to Sacramento. Notices Sent Officials. Salem The State Tax commission has sent circular letters to county offi cials calling attention to an act passed by the recent legislature, which makes sheriffs, instead of county treasurers, tax collectors. The letter says in part : "This act does not specify any partic ular method to be followed in making transfer of the tax roll from the treas urer to the sheriff. It is evident, how ever, that the treasurer must make a return to the County court, verified by proper certificate, as required by law, showing clearly the state of the tax roll on the conclusion of his duties as tax collector." Hatchery Building Ptan. Oregon City C. P. Henkel, super intendent of theJJnited States bureau of fisheries, with headquarters at the Clackamas fish hatchery, who has been on an inspection trip of those in South ern Oregon, has returned to Oregon City with Willis S. Rich, scientist for the government hatchery. Plans are being made for great improvements at the hatchery. Mr. Henkel is planning for the new building, and also intends to make the place a summer resort, where visitors may have picnics, but no camping privileges. NORTHWEST MARKET REPORTS. New York Samuel Hale Pearson, one of the most important financial men in the world and the greatest cap italist of South Ameirca, is in this country as the representative of the Argentine Republic at the Interna tional Congress of Finance, which is being held at Washington. Mr. Pearson gained an extensive commercial experience in his travels and in 1890 he joined the banking firm of Samuel B. Hale & Co., Buenos Ayres, which was founded by his grandfather in 1832. He has taken a leading part in the industrial develop ment of his country and has earned an enviable reputation and inspired the confidence of all of his countrymen, as well as the leading business men throughout the world by his dealings and business ability. Mr. Pearson has direct control over billions of dollars invested in South America and has recently been ap pointed director of the Bank of the Argentine Republic, by the President and Senate. Mr. Pearson is related by marriage to some of the wealthiest and most in telligent families of South America. When Elihu Root, as secretary of state, visited Argentina in 1903, Mr. Pearson was one of the principal or ganizers of his reception and enter tainment. Mr. Pearson will visit some of the principal cities of the United States and will attend the Panama-Pacific ex position. He has let it be known that he is also here in the interest of a closer commercial relation between his country and the United States. Portland Wheat: Bluestem, $1.18; forty-fold, $1712; club, $1.12; red Fife, $1.11; red Russian, $1. Millfeed Spot prices: Bran, $25.50 26 ton; shorts, $27. 5028; rolled barley, $27.5028.50. Corn Whole, $35 ton; cracked, $36. Hay Eastern Oregon timothy, $14 15; valley timothy, $12 12.50; grain hay, $1012; alfalfa, $12.5( 13.60. Vegetables Cucumbers, Oregon, 75c .25 dozen; artichokes, 75c dozen; tomatoes, $5 crate; cabbage, 2J3Jc pound; celery, $3.504 crate; head lettuce, $2.25; spinach, 5c pound; rhu barb, llic pound; asparagus, 75c $1.25; eggplant, 25c pound; peas, 7 8c; beans, 1012c; carrots, $1.50 2 sack; beets, $22.25; turnips, $1.502. Green Fruits Strawberries, Ore gon, $12 crate; California, 75c $1.25; apples, $11,75 box; cranber ries, $1112 barrel; cherries, $1.75 z box; gooseberries, 4 6c pound. Potatoes Old, $1.752 sack; new, 66Jc pound. Onions California, yellow, $1.50; white, crate, $2. - Eggs Fresh Oregon ranch, case count, 18J19c; candled, 19120c. Poultry Hens, 12 13c pound; broilers, 22J25c; turkeys, dressed, 2224c; live, 1820c; ducks, old, 9 lzc; young, I830c; geese, 89c. Butter Creamery prints, extras, 25c pound in case lots; Jc more in less than case lots; cubes, 2122c. Veal Fancy, 1010c pound. Pork Block, 1010ic pound. Hops 1914 crop, nominal; con tracts, nominal. Wool Eastern Oregon, medium, 25 26c pound; Eastern Oregon, fine, 18 20c; valley, 2328c; mohair, new clip, S2J33c. Cascara bark Old and new, 44jc pound. Cattle Best steers, $7.50 8; choice, $7 7.50; medium, $6.757; choice cows, $6.256.80; medium, $5 5.75; heifers, $56.75; bulls, $3.50 5.75; stags, $56.75. Hogs Light, $7.508.15; heavy, ?6.507.35. Sheep Sheared wethers, $6 7; sheared ewes, $45.75; sheared lambs, $67.50. Full wools $1 higher. Grain Slumps Hard at Baker. Baker, Or. Grain prices took a rec ord drop in the local market here. Wheat fell from a range of $1.15 to $1.18 down to $1 and $1.05. Oats dropped from $1.40 to $1.30, while barley in ton lots went from $25 and $26 to $24. Farmers paid little heed to the prices, but it is expected that holders will wait for the reaction from the big drop and then sell. Local mill men say the bump is due to there be ing practically no shipping this month and because manipulators -outside have let prices drift after May deliveries. Farmers' Meet Proposed. Nearly all the ten Granges of Mult nomah county have appointed commit tees of three members each to arrange tor a farmers held day to be held in midsummer at a Dlace to ha selected. There wjll be 30 members of the com- mtbvcc, iciHcsciikiiig evening oiar, Columbia. Rockwood. Wondlawn. Lents, Fairview, Gresham, Pleasant Valley and Multnomah Granges. A meeting will be called in a few Havs. when the plans for the meet will be made. To Exhibit Bees at Fair. Centralia A new department has been added to the Southwest Washing ton r air, that of bees, honey and api ary products. J. B. Espey, of Cheha- lis is superintendent of this depart ment A new building for poultry is being erected and the south half of the main building, which housed the poul try last year, is being floored, permit ting twice as many commercial booths. PORTUGUESE REBELS TAKE GOVERNMENT Revolutionists Are Now in full Control of Capital City. ADMINISTRATION'S TROOPS SURRENDER Order Is Partly Restored and Many Royalists Arrested Both Sides Lose Heavily in Fighting. Paris, via London Joac Chagas, proclaimed president of the Portuguese cabinet at Lisbon Monday by the revo lutionists, was shot and killed Tues day, and fighting in the streets of the capital has been resumed, more than 100 persons being killed, according to dispatches reaching here. Warships were again bombarding the city. President Chagas was shot four times while on a train at Entroea mento by Senator Frietas, who was immediately killed. One report .has it that a passenger killed the president's assailant, while another says Senator Frietas was shot to death by gend armes. Lisbon, via Paris The. success of the revolutionary forces has been con firmed. The new government, which will be presided over by Joac Chagas, was proclaimed from the windows of the city hall and the announcement was received with enthusiastic mani festations. The military governor of Lisbon im mediately posted throughout the city proclamations praising the courage of the citizens and calling upon civilians to deliver up all arms at the arsenal under pain of arrest. The casualties in Friday's fighting: numbered 67 killed and 300 wounded. Saturday's list was not available, but there were many victims on both, sides, during assaults on police head quarters, the military college and the cavalry barracks, the defenders of which delivered determined counter at tacks before they were overcome. One hundred prisoners were taken to warships. The insurgents wrecked and looted the house in which Captain Couceiro, the royalist leader, stayed until re cently. Several royalists were arrest ed, including Marquis Fioalho. Order has been partly restored and the new government is taking meas ures to re-establish normal conditions. The ex-minister of marine was arrest ed and taken aboard a warship for hav ing ordered a destroyer to sink the warships which were bombarding the city. News from Oporto indicates that the disturbances there were similar to those in Lisbon, but there were fewer casualties. All regiments in Lisbon and the provinces have now surrendered. The last two to capitulate were cavalry regiments which led the military movement resulting in the appoint ment of Pimenta Castro as premier in, January. Business Is Able to Bear Strain of War With Germany, Is Declared Chicago Whatever may be the out come of this country's diplomatic dealings with Germany, it is the opin ion of many authorities that business at home will not suffer curtailments. In fact, it is expected that industry would receive enormous impetus should war be declared. The great base of supplies is in the United States and the requirements of Great Britian, France and Russia will grow no smaller if the United States is drawn into the conflict. This coun try's own necessities will be great if the trouble comes. To supply every thing that would be' wanted should tax the maximum capacities of every man ufacturing industry in the land. Business .has not been affected ap preciably since the Lusitania tragedy, except in the case of perhaps a few new projects which were developing at the tirire of the incindent. These transactions are of a financial nature and probably will be halted temporar ily. Activities in what may be termed the "war business" of the country are larger than at any previous time. More contracts have been received for mutions and supplies and production on former orders has continued to gain as it has in each week since these pur chases became heavy. - Merchandising reports more uni formly agree as to increasing demand of consumers. The weather has been a stimulating influence in the reduc tion of stocks,drygoods jobbing being notably active. Contraband Cargo Sails. Philadelphia Before sailing Mon day for Liverpool the British steamer Michigan, under charter of the Amer ican line, filed a bond in the United States District Court for appearance in defense of an action brought by two young American stokers who refused to sail on the vessel because it was going into the war zone, thus endan gering their lives. The stokers are Arthur W. Palmer, of American Falls, Idaho, and James G. Winter, of Unity, Wis. The stokers said they did not desire to sail into the war tone.