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About The Maupin times. (Maupin, Or.) 1914-1930 | View Entire Issue (May 7, 1915)
WOMEN FOR PEACE
AT HAGUE MEETING
CELILO CANAL TEST
TRAGIC SCENE IN THE CARPATHIANS
on uyr HTTUE
Alfred Stead Describes Scenes in
IS ENTIRE SUCCESS
Village Under Fire. 1
Belgian Delegate Declares That
Justice Must Be Done.
Large Crowd Greets Yessels As
Effect of Modem Shells It Told la
They Meet in Lock.
Vivid Description of the Ruin They
Bring About Hat Pralte
A battery arrives and remains sta
THREE REFUSE SEATS ON PLATfORM
Resolution Calls on All Nations to End
Bloodshed on Permanent Basis
Patriotism of People of War
ring Nations Recognized.
The Hague, Netherlands The wings
of the dove of peace were ruffled Sat
urday at the session of the Interna
tional Congress of Women.
At the instance of Dr. Augspurg.'of
Munich, the entire Belgian delegation
was invited to the platform. Only
two women of the five present came
from their box at the side of the stage
and made their way to the platform.
They were welcomed by the chairman,
Miss Jane Addams, of Chicago, with
both hands, but there was no hand
shaking with the German delegations.
In moving the final resolution, Mrs.
Rosika, Schwimmer, president of the
Hungarian Women's Suffrage associa
tion, requested that all the delegates
present stand one minute in silent
prayer for peace. Mile. Hamer, of
the Belgian delegation, thereupon
asked permission to utter a few words.
When this was granted she astounded
her audience with the dramatic ex
clamation: "I am Belgian before everything,
and I cannot think as you do. There
can be no peace without justice. The
war must continue until the Belgians'
wrongs have been righted. There
must be no mediation except at the
bar of justice."
General sympathy for the suffering
of the Belgians caused part of the au
dience to break into cheers.
On the motion of Miss Florence Hol
brook, of Chicago, the word "justice"
was inserted in the resolution, which
"The International Congress of Wo
men of different nationalities, creeds,
classes and parties is united in ex
pressing sympathy with the suffering
of all, whatever their nationality, who
are fighting for their country, or who
are laboring under the burden of war.
Since the mass of the people of each
of the countries now warring believe
themselves to be fighting, not aggres
sively, but in self-defense and for
their national existence, it urges the
governments of the world to put an
end to this bloodshed and to begin
peace negotiations; and it emphat
ically demands that the peace which
follows shall be permanent, and, there
fore, based upon justice and principles
which include those adopted by this
Half of City of Colon Destroyed
by Disastrous Fire-Ten Killed
Colon More than half Tthe city of
Colon was swept by a disastrous fire
which started shortly after 2 o'clock
Ten persons are known to be dead,
including two native policemen and
several hundred persons have been in
jured, while between 10,000 and 12,000
others, mostly negroes, have been ren
The loss is estimated at about $2,
000,000. The fire destroyed 22 city
Many arrests have been made for
looting. The town is now under guard
of native police and two companies of
the United States coast artillery, who
aided in fighting the fires.
Half the population have lost all
The fire started In the heart of the
city and soon was beyond control of
the native fire brigade. The wooden
buildings, of which the town is almost
excusllvely constructed, burned like
tinder. Most of the largest stores in
Colon, all of them carrying heavy
stocks of merchandise, were directly
in the path of the flames, The cause
of the fire has not yet been learned.
All the banks in the city were
destroyed and part of the railway sta
tion. $500,000 Gift Is Divided.
Des Moines By the provisions of
the will of William W. Brown, who
was a wealthy cattle owner of Bend,
Or., the conference of the Methodist
Episcopal church in Oregon is to re
ceive $500,000, to be used in the es
tablishment of an industrial school for
boys and a home, for aged ministers at
Salem. Willamette University is also
one of the beneficiaries. Bishop
Kichard J. Oooke, or Portland, report
ed the gift to the board of bishops at
the afternoon session here Satur
Austrians Again Rioting.
London Serious rioting has occurred
during the last few days at Trieste and
Austrian geacoast towns, according to
mail advices from Budapest received
by the Post The disturbances have
been due largely to further increase
in food prices and a scarcity' of flour,
resulting from large military requisi
tions. The police on one occasion
were reported to have charged a mob
In a suburb of Trieste, killing several
and wounding 800.
PASSAGE COMPLETED IN THREE tiOURS
Steamers J. N. Teal and Inland Em
pire Have Honor of First Pas
sageGovernment Spends 5
Millions On Great Work.
Uninterrupted navigation between
the Pacific Ocean and Lewiston, Idaho,
more than BOO miles inland, has. been
The heretofore insuperable barrier
of rock that nature placed in the chan
nel of the mighty Columbia where that
stream cuts through the Cascade
range, has been conquered.
A vessel from the salt waters of the
Pacific Wednesday passed successfully
around that barrier into the upper
channels of the Columbia and a vessel
from the head of navigation on the
Snake river passed successfully around
it toward tidewater below.
The Celilo canal, which has been ten
years in building and upon which Uncle
Sam has expended $5,000,000 has been
The opening, through, was wholly
informal. It was merely preliminary
to the formal opening, which will take
place in the near future. But it tlem
onstrated to the utmost satisfaction of
the United States army engineers and
to the advocates of open-river naviga
tion thlt the Celilo waterway now is
ready to receive traffic moving in
either direction and that the further
development of the Columbia River
Basin, which has been retarded by the
natural obstructions in the river, can
To the steamer Inland Empire, one
of the original open-river fleet, was
given the honor of leading the way
through the canal. She passed down
the river, from east to west. The J.
N. Teal, of the same fleet, went up the
river, from west to east.
It was the first time that a lower
river boat ever entered the upper
river. It was not the first time,
though, that an upper river craft had
passed into the lower river, as a num
ber of vessels built up above have
been Bent successfully over the rapids
in periods of high water, but they nev
er returned. The open canal now
makes their return possible.
Pay From Germany for Ship Frye
Is To Be Accepted by United States
Washington, D. C A second note
from the United States government
to Germany concerning the sinking of
the American ship William P. Frye by
the commerce raider Prinz Eitel Fried
rich was dispatched to Berlin. It is
understood to accept the German prop
osition to compensate the owners of
the , Frye, under the terms of the old
Prussian-American treaties of 1799
and 1828, regardless of any prize court
These treaties provide that contra
band belonging to the subjects of
either party shall not be confiscated by
the other in any case, but may be de
tained or used only in consideration of
payment of the full value.
While willing to agree to payment
of the Frye as proposed, it is under
stood the United States stands by its
original protest against the destruc
tion of the ship as a violation of inter
national law and again denies that the
cargo of wheat consigned to a British
port was contraband. No claim for
the cargo was made because it was
sold en route to British dealers.
An effort is said to have been made
in the later note to narrow the appli
cation of the old treaties so that no
precedent will be created warranting
the lodgment under them in future of
claims against the American govern
ment under the favored nation clause.
There have been varying consturctions
in the past of the treaties and it has
been contended at times that while
they were in force they did not include
Canada Making Shells.
Ottawa, Ont. The business of man
ufacturing shells is assuming large
proportions in Cauda, Minister of
Militia Hughes says that 200 factories
in the Dominion were engaged in this
work. The orders are placed through a
central committee and now amount to
175,000,000. Arrangements have been
completed at Sydney, Nova Scotia, and
at Sault Ste. Marie for refined copper
and zinc, and the manufacture of brass
for shells. Heretofore the refined
materials have been obtained from the
Lassen Sprinkles Town.
Cottonwood, Cal. -- Citizens awoke
.Thursday morning to find the town
covered with ashes from Lassen Peak,
40 miles away. Pans full of fine, salt-
colored ashes were swept from the
Bidewalks and figures and letters could
be traced on roofs and all flat surfaces
in the volcanic dust It has been ten
days since Lassen Peak could be seen
from here, as it has been obscured by
clouds and haze. It is believed here
that a big eruption has taken place. JJ"
Here Is a tragic and remarkable
ind wounded are lying where they have been felled by the Russian bullets In
nurses are seen active at their work of mercy and relief.
ftesy .J$" V J lift
iHijji 1, 'ill ji . Vi?3p5 J Wkh
5 ' -jd3?JL
ThiB photograph, taken by a member of Sir Thomas Lipton's party, shows
march passing through the town of Piraeus. x
MAJ. GEN. SIR J. S. COWANS
One of the biggest Jobs of the Brit
ish army Is that of the quartermaster
general, whose duty It Is to see that
svery soldier In Bervlce Is provided
with all necessities of war, from a
shoestring to big trench shelters. Sir
I. S. Cowans, who fills this highly im
portant position, is the third military
member of the army council and has
been working ceaselessly to cupply
the provisions, clothing, shelter, and,
In fact, everything used by the three
to four million soldiers In the field.
Amber beads, amber combs, even
amber pins, says Dame Fashion. We
admire it, but who knows where it is
found or what It is? Do you, sir,
when the amber mouthpiece of your
favorite pipe is stuck between your
lips and you gaze contented Into the
Are? Do you, madam, with your am
ber beads on your white throat? Pine,
and fir trees, centuries ago, poured
out their sticky juices and as the gum
oozed out, it flowed down to the tree
roots where it lay deposited undis
turbed for centuries
picture of the horror and death of the
GREEK SOLDIERS ON A ROUTE
i--'jm m Till
0 'm?mm aumj
TRENCH MAKERS PAUSE FOR LUNCHEON
MSB BBBB flBBD
Germans in Poland pause In their
" ' XWvT .,t
This photograph of a dentist pulling a tooth from the mouth of a Ger
man soldier In a trench Illustrates vividly the thoroughness with which the
physical welfare of the kaiser's fighters
battlefield as seen by women. Hie dead
the Carpathians. AuBtrlaa Red Cross
a body of Greek soldiers on a route
fl Q B a DD
work of digging trenches for their
la looked after.
1 Q S B I
tlonary io. the main Btreet. The artil
lerymen are gay. An airship passes
overhead, two Bmoke spirals remain
pendent in the air, and soon we cava
news. A shrapnel bursts near the
church on a tiled roof, making a red
cloud of emoke; another into a houBd
beside it, a yellow cloud this time;
then a third right among the battery.
Six borses are killed, and a caisson
is perforated and splashed with blood.
An artilleryman lies dead across bla
gun. . i
All the artillerymen retire with thelf
guns toward us; only the overturned)
caisson and the heap of horses remain.
The dead artilleryman Is brought into
the temporary hospital; there is noth
ing to be done with him.
The artillerymen are all quite cheeft
ful. One goes back he was seated on
the caisson when the shell struck to
get his knapsack from the dead horse.
He returns with it, triumphantly,
blood-stained. Later be goes with two
horses and brings back the caisson, i
Some chasseurs come up the street.
and there are more signals and more
shells. The artilleryman beside me la
bit on the head by a spent shrapnel
bullet. The officer laughingly shows
him a cabbage stump and says a man
threw it at him. The buildings around
the church are gradually becoming
skeletons, and there are no longer any
roofs. The farther end of the village
is in ruins, but happily no fires break
For dinner there were potatoes.
None of the men liked peeling them,
ialthough all were ready to go to the
.cooking house under shell fire to fetcn
Soon a heavy exchange of fire be
tween two batteries took place. Bits
of bursting shell went Bkipping about.
One went "plop" into a pool near by
Some men were drawing water there.
and went on unconcernedly.
The officers made the men brave be
cause they were absolutely fearless.
The effect on the men of these brave
officers was magical. From NoteB Ta
ken by Alfred Stead In Harper's Weeto
HAIR OF ANIMALS USEFUL
In Many Ways Man Finds Employment
for the Bristle of Lower Order ,
The hair of various animals la em
ployed in many uses. The strongest
pnd most durable of hair cloth la
woven from the tails of horses. The)
horsehair from the mane is twisted
into ropes, and after being boiled and
then dried in an oven Is untwisted ind
In a half-matted condition employed
for stuffing beds and cushions.
The hair of cows is employed as
binder for plaster; in Europe It la
Isometimes woven into carpets or hose.
jPig's hair is used In China for ha
same purposes. The stiff hair or bris
tles from the ridge of a hog's back
made Into brushes for the hair, teeth
and nails, as well as into brooms audi
the larger painting and whitewashing:
brushes. The finer paint brushes are)
of the hair of the camel, Bable, badger,
squirrel, marten, raccoon, goat, eta
Quills of the crow, pigeon, goose
turkey, or swan are also used.
NEW LIFE-SAVING APPARATUS
Can Be Folded Compactly and Easily
and Quickly Opens When It
It Needed. "
The feature about this Invention la
that it can easily be folded compactly
or opened out to spherical form by
the rotation of the handle, which op
erates a series of semicircular rib
on which the airtight covering la
mounted. The user is supported by
shoulder straps as shown. Fastenings
are provided for holding the life pre
server in spherical shape, and when
secured in this way it is airtight.
Joke on the Hounds.
C. T. Stiles prepared to take bis
collection of stuffed birds from War
ren to Boston, and gave two of the
larger specimens, a fishhawk and a
partridge, a bath in Quaboag river.
Then, leaving them to dry, he went
Into' the house to work on the pack
ing case. When be returned he saw
a pair of hounds disappear, each witli
one 0! the birds In its mouth.