NEWS NOTES OF CURRENT WEEK Resume of World's Important Events Told in Brief. Both French and Belgians report gains against the Germans. Italy has prevented the Germans from penetrating into Abyssinia. Russia continues to report successes in the Carpathian mountain passes. Special reports of bank examiners Bhow a nation-wide business revival. The British collier Lena is anchored outside the three-mile limit off San Diego harbor, Cal. The knee joint of a mammoth esti mated to be 260,000 years old was un earthed in Southern California. French troops from Africa are rest ing at Alexandria, Egypt, ready to proceed to help the British expedition ary forces against Turkey. The well known American wish for docks in Chinese ports is believed to be one of the main reasons for the de mands being made upon China by Japan. A thief cut the hair from the tails of 160 horses which were awaiting shipment in Spokane. He got about 80 pounds of hair, which brings 8 cents a pound. A prisoner who had recently escaped from the chain gang in Los Angeles hired an auto truck and proceeded to a Presbyterian church in that city and stole a baby grand piano. Persistent rumors that Germany is about to invade Holland are current in London. It is well known that Hol land is ready to repel any such in vasion to the best of her ability. Two men and a woman have been arrested near Baker Or., charged with the holdup of a stage recently in which $7000 worth of gold bullion was stolen. The bullion was found concealed in a badger hole. Both the Villa and Carranza factions in Mexico are preparing to use aero planes in their warfare against each other. American aviators will man the machines, and steel darts as well as bombs will be used. It is estimated that it will cost $200,000 to repair the turbine engine of the Coast liner Great Northern, and it will be at least SO days before she can resume her run between San Francisco and Portland. An diplomatic report from Rome de clares that Austria is seeking a separ ate peace from Germany, and the ru mor Btirs Italy greatly, as such a move would preclude any possibility of her gaining territorial accessions from Austria. Under a treaty between the United States and Prussia, made in 1828, Germany has announced that she will pay in full for the sinking of the American ship William P. Frye by the German auxiliary cruiser Prinz Litel Frledrich. Railroads of the Middle West have called upon employment agents for 10,000 laborers, to be put to work by the end of April. The roads are pre paring to put their roadbeds in the beat of condition to care for the heavy tourist travel which is expected to the Coast during the summer. "Drys" succeed in voting out 100 saloons in Illinois at the recent elec tion. Butte, Mont., ousts its entire So cialist set of officers and elects Demo crats. Twenty-seven Terre Haute, Ind., officials are convicted of election frauds. Chicago elects an entire Republican ticket, including mayor, the first in many years. The steam schooner Speedwell is stranded on the spit off the Oregon coast near Bandon. An Italian senator declares that un loss all naitons disarm anarchy will prevail universally. An Austro-German force capture 7500 Russians of mountain line on the Hungarian border. A Zeppelin balloon appeared over Dunkirk Wednesday night, coming from the direction of the sea. The dirigible apparently intended to bom bard the shipping in the harbor, but being Bighted by the torpedo boats retreated to the German lines. The arrival at San Remo of the American ambassador, Thomas Nelson Page, occasioned the rumor that he had gone to Italy to meet foreign diplomats for the discussion of peace negotiations. The ambassador, how ever, denied that his presence was In any way connected with the interna tional situation. He explained that he was Becking a few days rest. French government declares that the "ammunition crisis" is past and the allies, including Serbia and Belgium, will have all the shells they need. The Willard-Johnson fight films are barred from tho United States by Federal statute, which expressly for bids Interstate transportation of fight films. At the government Investigation of Pullman porters' salaries, it is shown that they receive $27.50 per month, but the "tiDs" exacted from the trav- ellngjpublic amount to an average of $76 per montb. General Huerta to Stay in United States New York General Victoriano Hu erta, former provisional president of Mexico, who for nearly a year has been an exile in Spain, arrived here Tuesday on the Spanish steamship An tonioLopez from Cadiz. General Huerta was passed Dy uni ted States immigration officials as a transit alien, after he had declared un der oath that he would do nothing that' would involve the neutrality of the United States. The ex-president said that he had come to the united states partly ior pleasure and partly to attend to some personal business connected with fam ily matters. He swore that he had no intention of going to Mexico or to Cuba. The length of his stay here, he said, was indefinite, but he would re turn to Spain, possibly Bailing from New York early in May. General Huerta was met at quaran tine by representatives of the press and by an array of photographers. While submitting to being photo graphed in every desired pose, he de clined to say anything as to his mis sion agreeing to meet newspapermen at his hotel here at a later date. Regarding this appointment he said : "I understand that my presence in this country creates in you the desire to know my views about the affairs of Mexico and I promise to satisfy your wishes to the best of my ability. I beg you, gentlemen, to remember that no interview with me should be con sidered as authentic unless it carries my personal signature." General Huerta was accompanied by General Jose C. Delgardo, who has been his private secretary for 10 years, and by Abraham Ratner, a personal friend of the general, who declared himself as an American citizen, giving his residence as New York. Indiana Mayor Gets Six Years tor Election fraud Indianapolis, Ind. Four men con victed in the Terre Haute election fraud trial were sentenced by Judge Anderson to the Federal penitentiary at Fort Leavenworth, Kan. The other 16, including Donn M. Roberts, mayor, who received prison sentences and appealed, and the 87 who were given sentences ranging from one day to six months in the local jail, are in jail here. It was said the 16 will have two or three days in which to obtain their appeal bonds, which were fixed by Judge Anderson at $10,000 for each year the men were sentenced. Edward Holler, the former chief of police, who pleaded guilty, also received prison sentence. The four who withdrew from the appeal are: John M. Messelink, city sealer of weights and measures and former member of the state legisla ture; Arthur Gillis, Progressive elec tion official; Joseph Strauss, liquor salesman, and George Sovern, gam bler. Each had been sentenced to a year and a day in prison and to pay a fine of $100. To obtain liberty pending his ap peal, Mayor Roberts, who waB sen- tenced to six years and to pay a fine of $2000, the severest sentence given, will have to furnish a bond of $60,000. If all secure bonds it will mean a total of $420,00(1 telegraphers Are Declared Underpaid by Employer Chicago President Newcomb Carl ton, of the Western Union Telegraph company, and S. J. Konenkamp, presi dent of the Commercial Telegraphers' Union of America, testified from their repective viewpoints before the United States commission on Indus trial relations Tuesday as to wages and working conditions of the commer cial telegraphers. Mr. Carlton caused a mild sensation when, replying to a question from Frank P. Walsh, chairman of the com mission, as to whether telegraphers were adequately compensated, replied: "I believe that the telegraphers are underpaid." "Overpaid!" exclaimed Mr. Walsh. "No, underpaid. I think they ought to make more money than they do. So far as I can ascertain, wages have in creased 30 per cent in the last ten years. Ten years ago a Morse tele grapher received $18; it is now $23. It was $13.50 for women and now it is $18. My own view is that a first class telegrapher Bhould be able to earn at least $5 a day of nine hours. Some of our employes, under the so called premium plan, are making close to that" The witness said his company has one of the best pension and relief or ganizations in the country, and it costs the men nothing. Half a million dol lars was expended on it last year, he said. Airman Killed by Fall. Washington, D. C Cecil Malcolm Peoli, an aviator, was killed at College Park, Md., near here, while making a test flight in an aeroplane of his own invention and in which he had planned flights from Washington to New York and from New York to St.L ouis. The machine fell 300 feet and Peoli 'b skull was fractured. The cause of the acci dent has not been determined. Peoli was the first man to fly across the Andes mountains in South America. The wrecked machine is said to have been the largest in this country. Belgium to Hear Concert Berlin The famous Philharmonic Orchestra of Berlin Is preparing to make a concert tour of Belgium early in May, according to announcement by the Overseas News Agency. Felix Weingarten will conduct and the musi cians will play twice in Brussels. Grants Pass Farmers Form Own Water Co. Grants Pass The farmers in that portion of Rogue River Valley just west of Grants Pass have organized a co-operative irrigation corporation. Owners of approximately 1000 acres of land have signed up, and nearly two miles of irrigation ditches have been built. The ditches are five feet wide at the bottom and six feet at the top, and are capable of carrying 10,000 gallons of water a minute. The water is to be pumped from the Rogue River by a centrifugal pump driven by an electric motor. It will be forced first to a knoll, and then piped across the valley to a high line ditch, and from the ditch diverted on the 1000 or more acres of land. The cost of installing the plant will be $5 an acre. A 100-horse power electric motor and a 12-inch centrifu gal pump have been purchased and will be installed'prior to June 1 in order to give water to these lands on and after that date. A reservoir 100 feet wide by 300 feet long will be dug six feet deep on the top of the knoll. From there it State Highway Divided by Apportionment State Road Fund. Douglas county $ 20,000 Hood River county 50,000 Columbia county 50,000 Clatsop county 35,000 Jackson county 50,000 Josephine county 5,000 Miscellaneous 20,000 Rex-Tigardville road 7,231 Total $237,231 Salem At a meeting'ofthe State Highway commission, apportionment of the state highway fund for the year, which, it is believed, with receipts from delinquent taxes, will approxi mate $237,231, was made, seven coun ties receiving substantial funds. The largest amounts, $60,000 each, go to Columbia, Jackson and Hood River counties, the board adhering to its original policy of aiding counties that have bonded themselves to build roads. Of the $50,000 awarded to Jackson county, $10,000 was owed from last year and the balance was provided for in a law passed at the re cent seBBion of the legislature. The commission set aside $20,000 for office expenses. John H. Albert, of Salem, and S. Benson, of Portland, members of the advisory committee recently appoint ed, met with the board and partici pated in making the apportionments. It also was announced that the com mittee would advise with State High way Engineer Cantine frequently re garding road work. The other mem ber 1b Leslie Butler. Central Potato Depot Suggested by Bulletin How co-operation might be worked out by the potato growers of a given district so as to eliminate what the compiler terms "the financial disaster in the marketing of their potatoes met by the vast majority of Oregon farm ers for the past three years," is ex plained in the concluding paragraph of a 40-page potato bulletin just issued by the University of Oregon. The bulletin is called "Markets for Pota toes," makes a general survey of the potato situation, and may be had on application to the extension division at Eugene. The paragraph in question is: "It might be advisable to establish a central depot at a convenient shipping plant readily accessible to the growers of the district in which the association is formed. To this depot all the grow ers would ship all their potatoes, where they would be inspected and sorted. Only those of the very highest quality in every respect would be mar keted for seed and for table use, and these carefully packed and sold under a name or brand that would establish their reputation. If this high quality was rigidly maintained and the reputa tion fully earned and justified (as has been done similarly for apples from certain districts) a premium price above the prevailing market could be demanded and depended upon." Crowd Out Oregon Spuds. University ' of Oregon, Eugene "The rise of potato growing as an in dustry in Idaho and Colorado is one great causeof the potato depression in Oregon, because the crops of these two states have taken the southern mar ket," says II. B. Miller, director of the department of commercial and in dustrial survey of the university of Oregon school of commerce. Formerly perhaps 40 per cent of Oregon's potato exports went below the Mason and Dixon line. Mr. Miller thinks German competi tion will ultimately be a big factor in Suit Over Water Argued. Oregon City The injunction suit of the Milwaukie Water company against the city of Milwaukie was argued be fore Circuit Judge Campbell and was taken under advisement by the court However, Judge Campbell decided that the temporary injunction granted by County Judge Anderson no longer could prevent the laying of pipe from the Bull Run mains of the city of Portland to the Clackamas county town. The city has signed a contract with Port land for a supply of Bull Run water and Is preparing to install mains. will be taken by gravity through a 24 inch pipe and carried across the valley to the foothills on the north. The farmers are preparing their lands by leveling and more than 500 acres of alfalfa will be planted this fall. The most of the land will be planted to corn this season, and after the harvesting of this crop will be sown to alfalfa. The ditch digging is being carried on under the direction of Joe Russell, and the ditching is being done at a few cents less than $1 a rod. Ditch digging of this kind usually costs not less than 2.50 a rod, it is said. Alex Hood, owner of one of the largest parcels of land to be irrigated by the system, is directing work on the project. His ranch comprises 176 acres. H. C. Newell, owner of the Lace House laundry, of Portland, has a ranch of more than 600 acres, a por tion of which will come under this ditch. He is improving his ranch, and has one of the show places in the Rogue River valley. The Lathrop and Muller properties are among those which also will come under the project. Fund Is Oregon Board County Judge Clark, of Columbia county, and J. H. Johnson, represent ing the Consolidated Contract com' pany, requested the board to have the engineer make estimates of the work done by the company in that county, so the County court could make certain payments. Under the law the pay ments cannot be made until the esti mates are furnished. State Treasurer Kay called attention to the fact that H. L. Bowlby, ex-state highway en gineer, had made the estimates, but had not furnished a copy to the county judge. Mr. Cantine was instructed to do this. Mr. Johnson said after the meeting that the estimates of Major Bowlby were not satisfactory to the company and would not be accepted. He declared that under them the com pany would lose about $60,000, and that, if satisfactory arrangements could not be made with the county, litigation would result. A delegation from Yamhill county, which asked for state aid, was in formed by the board that it probably would be helped next year, but not this one, because of a lack of funds. The spokesman said Tillamook and Yamhill counties each had raised $15, 000 for use on the Grand Ronde road and suggested that the state provide a similar sum. "- The apportinment of the state fund suggested by Major Bowlby was as follows: Clatsop county, $40,000; Douglas county, $27,000; Columbia county, $60,000; Hood River county, $60,000; Jackson county, $40,000; miscellane ous, $20,000. southern markets if the duty remains off potatoes as at. present. The Ger man with his cheap labor, cheap fer tilizers and water transportation in normal times meet the Idaho grow er on even terms in the south or ex treme east. White Pine Mill Resumes, Baker Because of large orders, the Baker White Pine company started its mill at White Pine with about 160 men. The resumption was due to lumber orders which Manager Frank Gardiner believes will keep the plant running all summer at least. The South Baker mill also is running full capacity and will continue to do so in definitely. The company recently purchased more than 1,000,000 feet of timber, and with the large number of orders from the East it expects to be able to keep its 250 men busy all summer, and probably longer. "The outlook is good," said Mr, Gardiner. "We have all the orders we can handle and expect to keep every man busy for some time. Sheep Shearing Is Begun. Arlington The annual sheep shear ing at this point is now in full swing, with about 16,000 sheep in town and 40,000 at the large Smytbe Bros. plant near here. There will probably be 600,000 pounds of wool marketed through Arlington during the month, The first shipment left upon the Inland Empire for the Portland wool ware house Wednesday. The quality in all cases is better than last year, with much cleaner fleeces and better staple, There has been a Btrong tendency toward improving the grade ewes, J wo Mills Begin Work. La Pine The J. N. Matsen Lumber company started work at its big mill Wednesday. The Pringle Falls mill started work last week. Both are working at full capacity on big con tracts. The Pringle Falls mill is turn ing out stuff for the power company, and the Hasten mill is working on flume material, presumably for the Moore syndicate. The La Pine Lum ber company expects to start its mill in a few days. Klamath Land to Open. Klamath Falls Several lots of land in townships 37 and 38 south, range 8 east, Klamath county, have just been released from withdrawal under the first form in connection with the Kla math irrigation project, and will be come subject to homestead settlement under the public land laws of the United States. The aggregate acre age released by this order is about 100 acres. NORTHWEST MARKET REPORTS. Portland Wheat Bluestem, bid, $1.28; forty-fold,$1.26; club, $1.27; red Russian, $1.22;rred fife, $1.22. Millfeed Spot prices: Bran,$26.60 ton; shorts, $28.50; rolled barley, $31 32. Corn Whole, $35 ton; cracked, $36. Hay Eastern Oregon timothy, $14 15; valley timothy, $12 12.50; grain hay, $1012; alfalfa, $12.60 13.60. Vegetables Cucumbers, hothouse, $1.50 dozen; peppers, 3035c pound; artichokes, 7685c dozen; tomatoes, $5 crate; cabbage, lj3c pound; cel ery, $4.50 crate; cauliflower, 75c$l dozen; head lettuce, $2.25 crate; hot house lettuce, 75c$l box ; spinach, 5 ic pound; rhubarb, lj3c pound; asparagus, white, $1.2!5(g)1.7D box; green, 910c pound; eggplant, 30c pound; peas, ll12Jc pound. Green fruits Strawberries, $4.60 crate, apples, 60c$1.50 box; cran berries, $1112 barrel. Potatoes Oregon, $1.251.60 sack; Washington, $1.251.60; new pota toes, 10c pounds; sweet potatoes, 3Jc pound. Onions Oregon, selling price, 75c sack, country points. Carrots, $1.60 sack; beets, $1.50; parsnips, $1.25; turnips, $1.75. Eggs Fresh Oregon ranch, case count, 1818cjc; candled, 19c dozen. Poultry Hens, 16i16c; broilers, 2527ic; fryers, 1820c; turkeys, dressed, 2223c; live, 1619; ducks, 1215c; geese, 89c. Butter Creamery, prints, extras, 29Jc pound in case lots; ic more in less than case lots, cubes, 2325c. Hops 1914 crop, nominal; con tracts, nominal. Wool Eastern Oregon, coarse, 22 25c; Eastern Oregon, fine, 1820c; valley, 2427c; mohair, new clip, 29 31eJ pound. Cascara bark Old and new, 4Jc pound. Cattle Best steers, $7.257.75; choice, $77.25; medium, $6.757; choice cows, $66.70; medium, $5 6.75; heifers, $56.25; bulls, $3.60 6; stags, $56.60. Hogs Light, $6.607.55; heavy, $6.906.50. Sheep Wethers, $7(5)8.25; ewes, $67; lambs, $7.609.25. Seattle? Wheat, Bluestem, $1.28; forty-fold, $1.26; fife, $1.24; red Rus sian. SI. 20: barlev. $25 ton. Car re ceipts: Wheat, 18, oats, 8; barley, 2; bay, 16flour, 10. Tacoma Apples Cooking, 7590c; Winesaps, $1.251.35 a box; local, 85e. Vegetables Cabbage, Flat Dutch, 2ic; carrots, $1.501.65; beets, home grown, $1.25 sack; potatoes, Yakima, $32 ton; Idaho, $2830; sweets, $3.60 cwt. ; Early Rose seed, $50; tomatoes, $6 case; Onions, green, 20c dozen; Walla Walla, $1.75 box; Oregon yel low Danvers, $1.75; Yakima, $1.50; garlic, 30c pound; radishes, local, 20c dozen, bunches; parsley, 3c dozen bunches; lettuce, head, $2.25 crate; spinach, 5c pound; cucumbers, $2.25 dozen; celery, $4 4.60; rutabagas, $1.85 sacks; cauliflower, $2.26 crate; Oregon, $3 crate; artichokes, 75c dozen; Brussels sprouts, 8c pound; rhubarb, local, 4c; asparagus, Walla Walla, $1.56 a box; green peas, 12c pound. Fresh Meats Steers, 12 12Jc pound; cows, 12c; heifers, 1212Jc wethers, 14Jc; dressed hogs, lljc; trimmed sides, 15$c; combinations, 15c; Diamond T. C, 16Jc; yearlings, 15c; ewes, 13c. Poultry Ducks, live, 1012c; hens, dressed, 16 18c; live, 10 14c; springs, dressed, 22c; live, 1416c; squibs, live, $2.60 dozen; dressed, $6; turkeys, live, 18c; dressed, 2830c; geese, 20c. Butter Washington creamery, 19 30c pound ; Oregon and California, 28c, Eggs Fresh ranch, 1821c. Spokane Cattle Prime steers, $6 7 cwt. ; heifers, and cows $66. Sheep Wethers, $6 7; ewes, $6 6; lambs, $67. Hogs Heavy live hogs, $6.25 cwt.; light, $7.25. Wheat $46 ton, delivered in city, Oats $35 ton, whole, $36 rolled, de livered in city. Bran $25 ton; shorts, $32; brsn and shorts, $27. Hay Timothy, $16 ton; $15 ton in carloads; alfalfa, $16 ton delivered in city; $14 ton in carloads. Corn $37 ton; cracked, $38. Barley Rolled, $35 ton. Contract for 1,900,000 Boxes. North Yakima Contracts for the fournishing of 1,900,000 fruit boxes, and more at the same prices if needed, for use by members of the Yakima Valley Fruit Growers' association this season were awarded Saturday to the Cascade Lumber company, of this city, The association declined to state the price, but Manager Huebner, of the company, Baid it was considerably lower than last year. Delivery of 1, 000,000 apple boxes, 700,000 peach boxes and 200,000 pear boxes are called for. Buys 200 Head of Cattle. Walla Walla Grant Copeland who is feeding 1200 cattle on his Hooper, Wash., ranch was here this week from Spokane arranging for the transporta tion of 200 head of cattle from the Hudson Bay country to the Hooper ranch. The cattle were bought from Thomaa Copeland. GERMAN WARSHIP REACHES AMERICA Kronprinz Wilhelm Slips by Foe Into Newport News. Sinks 14 Merchantmen in Eight Months' Cruise in Southern Atlantic Ocean. Newport News, Va. The German converted cruiser Kronprinz Wilhelm, the elusive raider of commerce in the South Atlantic, slipped into the port Monday and asked for fuel and provis ions. Many times reported destroyed, the former North German Lloyd liner had evaded hostile warships for eight months while she sent 14 merchantmen to the bottom. Her officers said Bhe was forced to steal her way past four allied cruisers off the Virginia capes to reach this refuge. "We got in without being seen by the enemy and we can get out the same way," declared her commander, Lieutenant-Captain Paul Theirfelder formerly navigating officer of the Ger man cruiser Karlsruhe. When she dropped anchor, the Kron prinz Wilhelm had less than 25 tons of coal and scanty provisions for the crew of 600 men and 61 prisoners from British merchant ships sunk in the South Atlantic. Of 14 ships that the 16,000-ton cruiser sank, nine were British, four French and one Norwegian. The value of these ships and their cargoes, officers of the Wilhelm esti mated at $7,000,000. When the Kronprinz Wilhelm ar rived off Bimble Shoals, after passing in the Virginia capes, early in the day, two United States submarines, the G-l and D-2, met her. The appearance of the submarines caused considerable surprise among the crew, but there was no demonstration, as the little vessels convoyed the German raider to quarantine, where Dr. MacCafferty, United States quarantine officer, boarded her. Commander Theirfelder reported 66 of the crew and prisoners were ill with beri-beri and requested that they be taken to a hospital. The Kronprinz Wilhelm followed in the wake of the Interned Prinz Eitet Friedrich, which arrived here a month ago, after thrilling and effective opera tions for the German arms. In her raid of the seas since she slipped out of New York harbor Au gust 3 last as a German merchant and passenger steamer, the Kronprinz Wil helm never touched land and took 960 prisoners from various vessels des troyed. Most of these were sent to South American ports at different times on German ships, which met the raider in response to wireless calls. Germany Sends Sharp Answer to America Washington, D. C Count von Bern storff, the German ambassador, made public Sunday the text of the note he recently presented to the State depart ment, declaring that "if the American people desire to observe thorough neu trality they will find meanB to stop the exclusive exportation of arms to one side, or at least, to use this export trade as a means to uphold the legiti mate trade with Germany, especially the trade in foodstuffs." The memorandum was prepared at the German embassy, and while it does not call for a reply, the State depart ment already has drafted one which will be delivered probably within a few days. The ambassador, in his complaint, in forms the United States that, contrary to the real spirit of neutrality, an enormous new industry of war ma terial of every kind is being built up in this country, and that this is "sup plying only Germany's enemies, a fact which is in no way modified by the purely theoretical willingness to fur nish Germany as well, if it were possi ble." 1 Packing Plant Wrecked. KansasfjCity An explosion wrecked the seven-story cooling building of the Cudahy Packing company's plant here Sunday night. The loss is estimated at $760,000. Two men were employed in the build ing at the time were injured. Investigation developed no trace of an explosive. Company officials as' serted there was no gas in the building and that the cooling pipes contained no ; ammonia or other material that might explode. Future Peace Discussed. The Hague, via London For three days there has been a private discus sion of peace herejby a conference con sisting of about 30 delegates from the United States, Hollland, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Sweden, Norway, England, Belgium and Switzerland. Only a short record of the work of the conference, which ended Saturday, has been issued, as follows: "The object of the meeting was not to suggest steps to bring the present war to an end, but to consider by what principles future peace would best be gained." Mexicans Tax Americans. San Antonio, Tex. Taxes segregat ing $1,000,000 have been imposed on mineowners in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico, according to private advices reachinig here from the city of Oax aca, the state capital. Eighty-five per cent of the mineowners are for eigner and 60 per cent Americans.