The Maupin times. (Maupin, Or.) 1914-1930, November 05, 1914, Image 4

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    GATHERING THE HARVEST OF DEATH
All along the valley of the Iviurne and the couuio iu-ua uoout over which the Immense1 armies of Germany
and the allies fought as the former advanced toward Paris and then fell back- the French peasants have been busy
with the grim task of burying the dead Boldlers. Scenes like those In the Illustration were repeated endlessly. At
the right Is seen the simple cross marking the grave of a French soldier, his cap and scarf at its foot.
CARRANZA WOULD
LEAVE MEXICO
Condition That Villa and Zapata
Abandon All Power.
Chief Says Dream of Opponents Is
7o Constitute Rulers of Both
Nation and States.
Mexico City The resignation of
General Venustiano Carranza as pro
visional president and first chief of
the constitutionalist army, based on
the condition that Generals Villa and
Zapata also retire to private life, was
read to the peace convention at AguaB
Calientes Saturday.
In the document General Carranza
even expressed a willingness to leave
the country if his absence would tend
toward the re-establishment of peace.
The message caused a turmoil In the
convention hall, and at one time spec
tators tried to intervene and break up
the meeting. Order finally was re
stored and business proceeded. What
action, if any, was taken on the re
signation was not known here.
In demanding that Villa and Zapata
retire, General Carranza said :
"There Ib a greater ambition than
that of being president of the republic,
and that is to hold such military om
nipotence as to permit one man to
oversway all powers of union. The
insistence of General Villa in keeping
command of a division supposed to be
all-powerful and at the same time pre
tending to re-establish at once consti
tutional order upon the basis of the
old regime is a clear indication that
the dream of this chief is to constitute
himself arbiter of the destinies of
Mexico, with the faculties to appoint
a president, elect a congress, designate
a supreme court and rule the govern
ment of all the states. I am ignorant
of what the pretensions of of General
Zapata are, but believe they will not
differ greatly from those of General
Villa.
"1 wish that my retirement from
power shall not be sterile and that I
am not merely to relinquish the field
to enemies of the revolution, to chief
tains with personal ambitions. I con
sequently state to the convention that
I am disposed to deliver the command
of the constitutionalist army and the
executive power of the nation, and if
necessary to leave the country, only
under the three following conditions:
"First A preconstitutionalist gov
ernment shall be established with the
support of the constitutionalist army
until such time aa conditions justify a
legal, constitutional regime.
"Second General Villa shall resign,
not his candidature to the presidency
or vice presidency, which have never
been offered him, but military com
mand of the northern division, retiring
to private life and leaving the repub
lic, if the convention Bhould vote that
it would be wise for me to do so.
"Third General Zapata shall resign
his command likewise, turning the
same over to a general designated by
the convention.
Pinch Due to Economies.
London The economy being prac
ticed by English women at present is
causing lack of work in certain branch
es of ,trade. At a meeting of relatively
unemployed people here it was said
that one-third of the 66,000 dressmak
ers in London are on short time be
cause even the well-to-do are buying
cheap ready-made clothing. It was
also said that one-fourth of the 14,000
millinery workers are on short time.
Statistics presented indicated that
there are 8000 more unemployed per
aons in London now than t year ago.
.
Reversing Big Fan Saves
Lives of 285 Coal Miners
Royalton, 111. The disaster at the
mine of the Franklin Coal & Coke com
pany, near here Thursday, in which
probably 50 men perished, was due to
an explosion that resulted when a
miner's lamp came in contact with a
pocket of gas that had been noted the
night before by a mine examiner and
marked dangerous.
The loss of life was due directly to
the precautionary action of the mine
manager in ordering the engineer to
reverse the ventilating fan. To this
action, though it caused the death of
50 who were rushing toward the air-
shaft, is attributed the fact that 285
men who had scattered through the
workings escaped from the mine alive.
These facts were brought out when
the near completion of the work of
rescue made possible an investigation
of the causes of the accident.
The widows of two Italian miners
among those killed in the explosion
were found dead in their shacks here.
Physicians declared they had died from
grief and shock. With scores of
others these two women stood at the
mouth of the mine all day and late into
the night, vainly waiting for their
husbands.
Archduke's Assassin Gets
Twenty Years in Prison
Vienna Gavrio Prinzip's youth it
was stated here Friday, was what saved
him from death for the assassination
of Archduke Francis Ferdinand and
the latter's wife at Serajevo last sum
mer.
Prinzip's trial, together with those
of the persons accused of complicity
with him in the assassination plot,
was finished at Serajevo Wednesday.
Of the persons convicted, four were
sentenced to hang, one to life impris
onment, two, including Prinzip, to 20
years in prison, one to 16 years, one
to 13, two to 10, one to 7 and two to
3. Ten were acquitted.
Prir.zip is less than 21 years old,
and for this reason it was predicted all
along that he would escape with his
life.
Jerusalen Is Starving.
New York One hundred thousand
inhabitants of Jerusalem are facing
starvation, according to Samuel Edel
man, American vice consul In that
city, who reached here Thursday. Two
thirds of the residents of Jerusalem
are Jews, Mr. Edelman said. For
many years they have depended upon
their earnings from tourists and on
charity for support and the war has
cut off all their sources of subsistence.
"There are no industries in the city
and little cultivation of the surround
ing territory. The cold and rainy sea
son is now approaching and indications
are that the suffering soon will be in
tense. Mr. Edelman said.
Belgian Loss 25 Per Cent
London The correspondent of the
Daily Mail in northern France says
"More than 10,000 Belgians have been
killed or wounded, which is a quarter
of their force operating in the last bat'
tie. They have been defending a slip
of territory from Dixmude to Nieu
port, region hardly bigger than a big
German farm. Nearly all their wound
ed have been wounded in the back, but
never were wounds more honorable as
the bullets hit them as they lay prone
under the hail of the steel volcano.
Their fate is the tragedy of this war."
Belgian Coast is Quiet,
Amsterdam The correspondent at
Sluis of the Telegraaf reports that re
markable quiet prevails along the
coast of Belgium. The German gar-
riBons at Bruges, Heist and Knocke,
he says, are not large. The German
commander at Bruges has published a
proclamation ordering all British sub
ject between the ages of 16 and 60 to
leave Belgium. As the railways are
occupied with the transportation of
German troops, the exodus of the Brit
ishers ii proceeding slowly.
IN EUROPE
HOLLAND MAKES
READY FOR WAR
Massing of German Troops on
Border Disturbs Dutch.
Army of 300,000 Hollanders Sta
tioned on Frontier Cruisers
Ready Rivers Mined.
Eoosendaal, Holland Holland is
feeling the presure of the war almost
as much as if she were engaged in it.
The report that the Germans are mass
ing large numbers of troops on the
eastern border is causing great uneasi
ness throughout the country.
The alleged discovery of a tennis
court with cement nine feet thick on
the property of a German in the vicin
ity of Arnheim, and statements that
German spies have been active near
Arnheim and at other points close to
the German border seem to intensify
the anxiety of the Hollanders.
A Dutch army of more than 300,000
trained men is scattered at strategic
points along the Belgian and German
border. Roosendaal is the principal
troop center, as it is the only railway
gate to Belgium that is now open
Hundreds of military automobiles
leave here daily with messages and
supplies for the border troops.
The mouth of the River Scheldt and
all the canals are heavily guarded. A
large garrison at Flushing is guarding
the docks and railway station, to pre
vent any attempt to violate the neu
trality of the Scheldt.
The river is heavily mined, and
Dutch cruisers and torpedo boat de
stroyers are lying at its mouth to give
any necessary co-operation to the land
forces.
The horrors of the war have been
forced on virtually all the cities, towns
and country districts by the Belgian
refugees, who are estimated to aggre
gate 800,000. The Dutch government
is paying to the cities 30 cents a day
for food for each refugee. The cities
bear the other expenses connected with
the influx.
The refugees are unwilling to return
to Belgium, although Hollnnd has
offered them free transportation. The
appearance of Bcarlet fever among the
refugees at Flushing is causing some
alarm owing to the corwded conditions
there.
There is no compulsory vaccination
law in Belgium, and Hollanders there-
fore are alarmed by reports that there
is smallpox among the refugees.
Battleship Gun Bursts.
London A dispatch to the Central
News from Rome says :
"The captain of an Italian steamer
which has just arrived at Naplts from
Trieste reports that on the voyage on
the Adriatic he observed an Austrian
dreadnought under way for Pola, the
Austrian naval base. The dread
nought had come from Cattaro, where
during a recent action one of her eight
inch guns burst, causing a magazine to
explode. The vessel was seriously
damaged. Her turret was blown up
and there were rents in her sides.
Hongkong Bart Enemies.
Hongkong The legislative council
of Hongkong has passed an ordinance
to go into effect immediately compell
ing all enemies of Great Britain resid
ing within the colony to bring their
business enterprises to an end and de
part. The government will appoint
liquidators. Any persons purchasing
such a foreign business must show
their good faith.
LONGEST SESSION
HAS ADJOURNED
Cotton Men Are Promised Con
sideration Next Time.
'God Bless Us Everyone" Says
Speaker Clark Senate Closes
With Small Ceremony.
Washington, D. C. After nearly 19
months of continuous session, the long
est ever taken, the Sixty-third Con
gress adjourned its second session Sat
urday, after the collapse of prolonged
efforts to procure cotton growers' re
lief legislation.
Leaders in this movement agreed to
adjourn, however, only on the condi
tion that pending cotton relief meas
ures would have the right of way when
congress reconvenes December 7.
Not more than 50 members of the
house and less than a quorum of the
senate were in attendance when the
gavels fell in adjournment without day.
The end was accomplished through a
concurrent reslution, ending the ses
sion at 4 o'clock in the afternoon, but
clocks were ahead, actual adjournment
occurring at 3 :22 in the house and at
3 :27 in the senate.
As the altered hands of the house
clock drew near 4, while the senate
was winding up the legislative busi
ness, Speaker Clark arose at his desk,
and, facing the scattered attendance
on the floor, said :
"This is the longest and most labor
ious session that congress ever has
known. I contratulate you most
heartily on being able to adjourn at
last. I wish to thank the house
Democrats, Republicans, Progressives
and Independents for uniform cour
tesy shown to the speaker. Now, in
the language of Tiny Tim : 'God bless
us everyone.' "
The senate adjournment was prob
ably the most undemonstrative in its
history. Democratic leaders and a
few Republicans were sitting behind
closed doors, confirming nominations,
when word came that the house had
carried out the adjournment resolution.
Senator Kern, the majority leader, at
once moved to open the doors. When
this was ordered, the doorkeeper hur
riedly set the clock ahead and Senator
Swanson, of Virginia, presiding in the
absence of Vice President Marshall and
President Pro Tempore Clarke, an
nounced that the senate was adjourned,
Senators who had remained for the
finality hurriedly left the chamber.
The announcing of the abandonment
of the filibuster for cotton legislation
followed a conference held early in the
day. Senator Hoke Smith, of Georgia,
and Representative Henry, of Texas,
told the senate and house it was ap
parent no quorum could be procured
for consideration of cotton legislation
at this time, and that further filibus
tering might injure chances of ulti
mate success.
Representaive Henry expressed his
conviction that congress would be con
vened in extraordinary Bession by the
middle of November, when the fight
could be resumed.
One of the last acts of the house
was the adoption of a resolution au
thorizing the appointment of a com
mittee to investigate cotton conditions
in the South and to report possible
measures for Federal aid by December
15. On the committee were Repre
sentatives Mann, Austin, Henry,
Lever, Heflin, Bell, of Georgia, and
Langley.
Swiss Officials Imprison
and Fine German Spies
Geneva Three German spies, hav
ing headquarters in Geneva, were sen
tenced by the third military tribunal
here Saturday. The three are : Lieu
tenant Colonel Otto Ulrich, of Berlin;
Dr. Wohllander and Herr Kohr,
chemist. They were charged with
plotting against Engand and France
and thereby viollatmg Swiss neutral
ity. Colonel Ulrich was not present, hav
ing gone into hiding, presumably some
where in Switzerand. He was sen
tenced in default to serve two years
in prsion and pay a fine of 1000. Dr.
Wohlander must Berve three months
and pay a fine of $200, and Herr Kohr
must remain in prison two months and
pay a fine of $100. All three were
sentenced to expulsion from Switzer
land for life after serving their sen
tences. Maritz Is Driven Back.
London "Lieutenant Colonel Mar
itz, the head of the rebellion in British
South Africa, attacked Keimos, Cape
Province, at 5 o'clock on the moming
of October 22 with a force of more
than 1000 men, including several hun
dred Germans and artillery and ma
chine guns," Bays an official statement
from Pretoria. "Our casualties were
10 wounded. The enemy left two, one
a German and the other a native. A
previous dispatch from Cape Town said
in a battle on October 22 a defeat was
administered to Colonel Maritz.
Adventists to Extend Missions.
Washington, D. C. Missionary ex
tensions to new parts of China, Japan,
the Philippines, the Hawaiian Islands,
Cuba, Manchuria, the Malay Islands
and sections of the Bahamas and South
America were determined on at the
fall council of the general conference
of Seventh Day Adventists in Takoma
Park.
Berlin Seems Untouched
By Horrors of Big War
Berlin The horrors of the war,
which have shrouded London and Paris
in darkness at night and laid Belgium
and all Northern France in ruin, have
so far failed to touch Berlin.
An American who recently arrived
from London remarked that there was
less of nervous anxiety here than in
the British capital, and he saw evi
dence of this in the fact that Berlin
still shows its usual blaze of electric
lamps at night, while London, fearing
an unhearlded visit from Zeppelins,
has greatly reduced its illumination,
just as Paris has done for the same
reason.
Another cause for comment was to
see so many capable of doing military
duty Btill movnig about the streets,
engaged in their customary work. As
a matter of fact, most of the military
barracks of the empire still are well
filled with soldiers, for the most part
men who are to receive further drill
ing before going to the front.
Another class of soldiers now fre
quently seen on the streets are the con
valescent wounded.
The life of Berlin, in fact, centers
just now about the wounded soldier, as
well as the soldier in the field. Social
life is dominated by benevolence for
him. Women and girls are indus
triously knitting stockings and wrist
lets for him, and wherever they go, at
the afternoon coffee party, at the busi
ness meetings of the numerous soci
eties for assisting the sick and wound
ed, even occasionally at concerts and
in other public places, their fingers are
busy with their work.
Nearly every Berlin woman of the
wealthier classes is doing something
to help. Some are working in the
kitchens conducted for the feeding of
the poor; some in charity organiza
tions which are looking after the chil
dren of the soldiers at the front, left
without adequate means of support,
and many are nursing sick or wounded
soldiers. ,
Klondikers Organize and
Join forces of England
Dawson, Y. T. Yukon's contribu
tion to Lord Kitchener's force, a
mounted light machine gun detach
ment, completely outfitted and equip
ped at the expense of Joseph White
side Boyle, president and manager of
the Canadian Klondike company, oper
ating the largest dredges in the world
near here, passed Prince Rupert en
route to Victoria for formal recruiting,
according to word received here.
The detachment of 60 husky Klon
dikers is commanded by Andy Hart,
who was chief of the Dawson fire de
partment for three yearB and who is a
veteran of the South African war,
where he served with the Lovats
scouts. He is also a veteran of the
Egyptian expedition with Wolsey.
Other members of the company are
mainly miners. Most of them were
born in Canada or the British Isles,
but the contingent contains several
born in the United States.
Fitting out the detachment will cost
from $50,000 to $75,000. The men
will wear uniforms of yellow mack
inaws and sombreros. Many more
Klondikers wanted to join, but the
number was limited to 50. The town
of Whitehorse alone had 16 candidates,
but there was room for only one when
the company arrived there.
Before the boys left Dawson and
Whitehorse they were feted at din
ners, dances, mass meetings and
parades.
Germany Would Respect
Our Monroe Doctrine
Washington, D. C. Count Berns
dorff, the German ambassador to the
United States, announced Tuesday that
he had formally communicated to the
Washington government the determin
ation of Germany to respect the Mon
roe doctrine, whatever the outcome of
the European war.
After considerable search his note to
the State department was discovered,
but its text was not made public, prob
ably because the communication had
figured in exchanges of cipher mes
sages with Berlin.
Its substance was communicated to
the press, however, by Acting Secre
tary Lansing, who said:
"The German ambassador oh Sep
tember 3 last, in a note to the depart
ment of State, said that he was in
structed by his government to deny
most emphatically the rumors to the
effect that Germany intends, in case
she comes out victorious in the present
war, to seek expansion in South
America."
Mrs. Derby Gives Cheer.
Paris Mrs. Richard Derby, daugh
ter of Theodore Roosevelt, brought
good cheer Sunday to the refugees in
stalled at the Northern Railway depot.
While visiting the station with her hus
band, Mrs. Derby noticed one particu
larly unfortunate young woman from
Lille who nursed a baby. Mrs. Derby
removed her cloak and gave it to the
young woman. The misery of the re
fugees brought tears to Mrs. Derby's
eyes, and she distributed gold pieces
among them. Her husband meantime
gave cigarettes to the soldiers.
Submarines for Troops.
London A dispatch from Copen
hagen to the Daily Mail under Satur
day's date says: "It is reported from
Berlin that a new type of submarine
is being built at Elbing and Hamburg
to be used only for the transportation
of troops, the object being to reach
shore unnoticed and land troops.
NEWS NOTES OF
CURRENT WEEK
Resume of World's Important
Events Told in Brief.
Rolorinn rafmraes in Holland will not
be forced to return to their nativity.
Tnrlrav Vina nnened war on RusBia
and begun bombardments on the Black
sea.
Rpcrinnincr nf winter in EuroDe has
r -
lessened the night attacks of the op
posing armies.
It is reDorted in Rome that the Ger
man crown prince has been wounded
while leading an attack on Verdun.
TVia Newamrwr nf France savs the
Relorinn nnxliRment will be called into
session at Havre Borne time in Novem
ber.
England declares the report that the
Indian troops in Egypt are in mutiny
is false, because there are no such
troops in that country.
The Northern Pacific railroad has
ordered 117 more freight cars to haul
the immense crops, also its president
says $1,500,000 will be expended in
improving the line.
Arguments in the Federal Buit to
dissolve the United States Steel cor
poration, have closed, and, it is said,
the court may not reach a decision
until next summer.
The Swedish steamship Omen, from
Portugal for Gothenburg, Sweden, hit
a mine Monday in the North sea, and
sank off Cuxhaven. Five members of
her crew were drowned.
A dispatch received from Roosen
daal says that 14,500 Belgian refugees
returned Tuesday and 12,850 Wednes
day to Antwerp, but that 5500 of them
have left the city again for Holland.
All the German army corps on the
left bank of the Vistula in Poland are
in full retreat, according to an official
report from Petrograd made public in
Washington by the Russian embassy.
The London Daily News' correspond
ent on the allies' left wing reports
that a German submarine boat which
attacked the British battleship Vener
able off the Belgian coast has been
sunk.
A squadron of British torpedo boat
destroyers has sunk the Adriatic, a
German steamship, which had been
converted into a cruiser, according to
a dispatch from Barcelona to the
Havas News agency. The British res
cued the German crew.
It is announced in London that when
parliament reassembles on November
11, Premier Asquith will move a vote
for another $500,000,000 on account of
the war. A similar amount was voted
in AugUBt, of which $350,000,000 has
already been expended.
The Cologne Gazette says it has
learned from Berlin that soldiers of
various general units, which have be
come exhausted and weakened owing
to the long stay in the trenches, are
being sent home on a furlough lasting
from five to seven days.
The London Daily Chronicle's Paris
correspondent asserts that with a view
to detaching France from the allies,
Germany has made an offer to conclude
peace on the basis of the cession of
Metz and possibly a portion of Alsace
to France. The offer, according to the
correspondent, was rejected.
West Virginia has snow storm and
mercury stands at 30 degrees.
A dinnnfph frnm Rarlin Maim. C.
TjT ; vkai... WUI11IO uci-
many hords 296,869 prisoners.
Germany is now a heavy buyer of
cotton from the United States.
President Jefferson's friend, Thomas
G. Fagg, aged 93 years, dies in a sani
tarium in St. Louis.
Products from five states are being
shown in the Manufacturers' and Land
Show being held in Portland.
Canada is raising a Becond army of
15.000 to aid England, whii-h will am.
bark for thatcountry in December.
It is reported that 7,000,000 Bel
gians are facine starvation and that
the food supply will last only two
weeks.
When dealers advance prices of po
tatoes in Amsterdam, people start riot
and deBtroy greater part of stock be
fore, the police arrive.
A woman, widowed by the Titanic
disaster, has become the wife of a man
picked up by the lifeboat she was
saved by. They will reside in Hunt
ington, W. Va.
Judges of the Mississippi Supreme
court heard arguments while clad in
overalls and cotton shirts. Attorneys
presenting cases were clothed simi
larly. The departure from conven
tional dress was the result of a . local
"cotton day" in furtherance of the
"wear cotton clothes" movement in
the South.
F. H. Crosby, of San Francisco, has
purchased the entire stocks and bonds
of the Northwestern Long Distance
Telephone company for $360,000.
A thrashing at home with a birch
rod was the sentence meted out to
three grammar school boys in Ply
mouth, Mass., when they were found
guilty of burglary.
Seventy-one Japanese held as pris
oners in Germany have been released
and escorted safely out of the country.
This leaves 38 Japanese in addition to
number of children, who still are be
lieved to be held in Germany.