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About The Maupin times. (Maupin, Or.) 1914-1930 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 7, 1914)
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Left to right are: MisB Rose Winslow, Miss Lucy Uurua, MIbs Doris Stevens, Miss Ruth Noyes, Miss Anna
McCue, Miss Jane Plncus and Mrs. Jessie Hardy Stubbs. These women are the "war squad" of the Congressional
Union for Woman Suffrage who have left Washington to work In the equal suffrage Btates. They will appeal to
their voting sisters to withhold their support from the Democrats, because of the attitude of the present adminis
tration toward equal suffrage. Misses Winslow and Burns are to establish headquarters In San Francisco, Misses
Stevens and Noyes In Denver, Miss McCue in Seattle, Miss Plncus In Phoenix, Arizona, and Mrs. Stubbs In Port
land, Oregon. ,
Entrenched Center Firm Long
Battle Still Undecided.
French Military Men Expect Im
portant Move by Foe Soon
Invaders Pushing North.
Paris Thursday was the 19th day
of continued hard fighting along the
150-mile front from the Somme to the
Moselle and yet there is no definite in
dication that the historic battle is
nearing a finish.
There are, however, evidences that
the Germans are receding before a
forcible and sustained pushing from
the allied armies, especially on their
western and eastern wings, while the
center, where the Germans are more
strongly entrenched than at any other
point with heavy artillery, remains al
It is generally concluded by French
military men that eome important
move must soon be made by the Ger
mans, who have found it impossible to
stem the advance of the allies, though
they offered the sternest and most des
perate resistance, sacrificing thousands
of men daily. ,
The German wings appear to be
folding back on the center, leaving
them some loophole for a backward
movement by way of Rethel.
The Germans' main supply base at
' Juniville, which is protected by heavy
masses of troops, as it is absolutely
essential that this place shall be held
for the revictualing of the German
armies in Northeastern France, ap
pears to be placed in a somewhat pre
carious situation with its single line
The line of battle has changed con
siderably since the beginning of the
actual contact between the two great
armies, whose numbers and real posi
tions it is not permitted to make pub
lic. The front now presents Binuous
windings, loops inward and outward at
various points in a country which
everywhere is wonderfully adapted to
Fireworks Plant Blows
Up; Five People Killed
Chicago H. B. Thearle, president
of the Pain Fireworks Display com
pany of America, was killed here with
four of his employes in an explosion
and fire which destroyed the company's
John Costello, office boy, thrown
through a door into an alley, may die.
Firemen thought that several bodies
might be under the debris in the
The first explosion occurred in the
steel and concrete vaults of the Pain
building, in which $5000 worth of
fireworks were stored. The vaults
were supposed to be fireproof and to be
able to withstand any explosion. The
vaults were blown to atoms. Adjoin
ing office buildings were shaken and
damaged. Many persons were injured
by broken glass and by being trampled.
The explosion, it was thought, might
have been caused by a spark from wir
ing which Johnson, the electrician,
"Crush English," Says Kaiser.
London The Times Thursday says
that it ib able to give from a thorough
ly trustworthy source the text of an
order issued by Emperor William to
his army on August 19. It follows:
"It is my royal and imperial com
mand that you concentrate your ener
gies for the immediate present upon
the Bingle purpose, and that is that
you address all your skill and all the
valor of my soldiers to exterminate
first the treacherous English and walk
over General French's contemptible
Lipton Hospital Ship at Havre.
Havre Sir Thomas Lipton'g yacht
Erin, which has been transformed into
a hospital ship, has arrived here. On
board the Erin were the Duchess of
Westminster and several nurses.
HAVE INVADED THE
Bombardment Near Ant
werp Renewed With Vigor
London A Central News dispatch
from Antwerp Thursday says :
"The Germans again bombarded
Alost and set the town afire. Fierce
fighting is raging at various points
along the whole line."
The official statement of the Belgian
general staff, as received here from
"A vigorous German bombardment
of Forts Woelhem, Wavre and St.
Catherine, which was continued
throughout the night, abated at 8
o'clock in the morning. The assail
ants did not succeed in silencing the
guns of the Belgian forts nor in any
way lowering the morale of the gar
risons of the forts.
"At no point did the German in
fantry dare to move against our first
lines of defense. Only one attempt
was directed against Forts Liezele and
Bresdonk. Our troops, holding posi
tions between these works, allowed
the enemy to advance until they were
within close range, when the artillery
and infantry, working in a remarkable
combination, showered the attacking
column with a hail of projectiles and
bullets, which threw their ranks into
disorder and compelled a hasty retreat.
This attempt cost the Germans dearly
and was not repeated. In short, the
events of the day confirm the confi
dence of the Belgians in the power of
resistance of their natural redoubt."
New French Gun Kills
Without Apparent Wounds
London Confirming in a degree the
strange stories told of withering death
dealt by a new explosive used by
French artillery, the Standard corre
spondent has written from Dieppe :
"A visit to the field battle of the
Marne shows the devastating power of
the French three-inch gun to be some
thing of which we hitherto had not
dreamed. Entire sections and com
panies of Germans have been struck as
if by simultaneous thunderbolts, re
minding one of nothing so much as the
wholesale extinction of the populations
of Herculaneum and Pompeii.
"On the borders of one of the for
ests a company of Prussian infantry at
bivouac is laid out as if surprised by
the fire. Two sentinels are still grasp
ing their rifles, and a little way off a
messenger lies by himself. Further
on, an officer on guard lies a few
yards from his men with loosened
belts and lying in their blankets. Two
of them still hold playing cards in
"Even more extraordinary is another
group of 60 dead lying about a small
haystack, as if in sleep, their rifles
stacked and their knapsacks arranged
in orderly heaps."
Americans in No Hurry.
Paris There are still between 800
and 900 Americans in Switzerland,
according to the latest estimate. Most
of those remaining belong to the
wealthy class and are in no hurry to
go home. At Basel German and French
Red Cross officers were exchanged and
will return to their respective coun
tries. The interchange was supervised
by Swiss officers. The French and
Germans held friendly meeting, ex
changing cards, drinking the health of
one another and discussing their war
Prisoners of War IlL
Paris Telegrams from Budapest
indicate that much alarm is felt there
regarding the health situation, Bince
numerous cases of dysentery are offi
cially admitted to exist among prison
ers of war interned in various parts of
Hungary, Wounded Austrian officers
from Galicia unanimously agree that
the Russian artillery fire is extraor
dinarily good, especially that of the
Kaiser's Filth Son III.
Berlin Prince Oscar, the emperor's
fifth son, it was announced Tuesday, is
suffering from a heart affection, due
to his exertions in the field, and has
been obliged to leave his regiment.
He iB under the care of physicians at
Met. The empress received a letter
j from the emperor in which he referred
optimistically to the situation.
BOMB FROM AIR
Girl Maimed and Many Build
ings Are Damaged.
German Aviator Drops 4 Missiles
On ParisOne Strikes Near
Paris Four bombs were dropped on
the city from a German aeroplane Sun
day. One missile, exploding in Ave
nue du Trocadero at the corner of Rue
Freynoinet, blew the head from the
shoulders of a man who was standing
on the corner with his daughter, and
crippled the child. The other bombs
did little damage.
Crowds, taking advantage of a beau
tiful autumn day, were promenading
on the banks of the Seine when the
aerial warrior appeared almost direct
ly above'the Eiffel Tower.
It is believed that the first bomb
dropped was intended for the wireless
station or the tower, or possibly for
the nearby buildings containing army
Btores. It landed in Avenue du Tro
cadero, not far from the tower, and
the explosion was heard for many
The houses in the vicinity were bad
ly damaged, many of the walls crack
ing and windows being shattered. The
bomb struck only a block from the
American embassy at No. 5 Rue de
Chaillot, where Ambassador Myron T.
Herrick, who did not accompany the
government to Bordeaux, still makes
In the wake of the bomb fluttered a
German flag. At the sound of the ex
plosion the promenaders in that sec
tion first rushed for shelter, and then,
as the airship moved on, they hurried
to the scene of the havoc.
In the midst of the excitement the
aeroplane dropped three more bombs.
One landed among a herd of cows pas
tured on the Anteuil race course. One
cow was killed and others toppled over
stunned. A third bomb fell in Rue
Vineuse and a fourth in Rue de la
Pompo, a quarter in which many
Americans live. Comparatively little
damage was done in either instance.
Chinese to Spend Millions
for Trade in America
San Francisco That the Republic
of China will spend $10,000,000 in the
United States and Canada in 1915 in
the development and extension of her
trade with North America, was the
gist of a message received here by the
ranama-racitic exposition direct from
President Yuan Shai Kai, and con
firmed in a similar communication
from the head of the Associated
Chambers of Commerce of China.
In the working out of what is per
haps the greatest commercial enter
prise China has ever , planned, 50
wealthy and influential public men of
the republic will come to San Fran
cisco early in 1915. After studying
trade and manufacturing conditions in
connection with the exposition, they
will make an extensive tour of the
United States and Canada, establish
ing branches of Chinese business
houses in every important center.
It is in providing capital for these
branches that the Chinese business as
sociations and the government will ex
pend the $10,000,000 to the big
booster excursion for the establish
ment of closer commercial relations
with the West
Philippine Measure Up.
Washington, D. C Ultimate inde-
pendence of the Philippines is proposed
in the Jones bill, consideration of
which began in the house Monday, un-
der a special ruling allowing unlimited
amendment and 12 hours' general de
bate. Republicans, declaring it was
unwise legislation at this time because
of the European war. Debate proba
bly will last all next week. Represen
tative Garrett advocated the bill
carrying out of the Democratic pledge
to the Filipinos of a representative
government for the islands.
NEWS NOTES OF
Resume of World's Important
Events Told in Brief.
Experts estimate Germany's daily
war cost at $5,000,000.
It is declared that Australia is mo
bilizing an army to aid Great Britain.
Mrs. Adams has been aorjointed as
sistant United States attorney at San
Canadian troops have embarked for
England to aid the British in the Euro
Harry Thaw has leased an estate in
Manchester, N. H., where he will
spend the winter.
Two unidentified victims of the
wrecked Bteamer Leggett were or
dered buried at Newport, Oregon.
The Montenegrins are within artil
lery range of the Sarajevo, the capital
of the Austrian province of Bosnia.
The will of Mrs. Frank Leslie, wife
of the late publisher, bequeaths $2,
000,000 to the cause of woman suf
frage. Noting the success of aviation in the
European war, Uncle Sam is said to be
increasing the efficiency of the U. S.
Twenty Eastern Star delegates and
members were injured when a plat
form in Kansas City collapsed, precip
itating 400 persons.
The 38th German casualty list made
public, contains about 8000 names. It
includes three major generals, one
killed and two wounded.
A resident of Maubeuge, who had
been made prisoner but later escaped,
states that Maubeuge was three-quarters
burned by the Germans.
Italy is ready to make a protest to
Turkey against the abolition of the
capitulations at Constantinople, ac
cording to a Rome dispatch to the
By order of the military commander
of the province of Brandenburg, Ger
many, the Vorwaerts, organ of the So
cial Democratic party, has sus'pended
The Dardanelles have been closed to
navitgation, according to a dispatch
from Constantinople to the Reuter
Telegram company, London. The dura
tion of the closure is not Btated.
News from Petrograd indicates that
within a week a new Russian army
1,000,000 strong will join the present
armies in Poland and Galicia for "Rus
sia's principal attack on Germany."
It is officially announced at Vienna,
according to Rome dispatches to the
Exchange Telegraph company, of Lon
don, the Austro-Hungary army concen
trated at Cracow numbers 2,600,000.
A German bullet is said to have
been the cause of the death of Prince
Adalbert, the German emperor's third
son, also, it was found that other Ger
man officers died from a similar cause,
A report received from Munich esti
mated that 2,000,000 men, and women
are idle in Germany, and that the num
ber of unemployed is increasing daily
A lack of raw material, it is Baid, is
The London war information bureau
has made it known that Indian troops
were landed in France last Friday.
The point of landing was not revealed,
but it is presumed that the troops dis
embarked at Marseilles.
It is officially announced by Austria-
Hungary, says a dispatch from Rome
to the Havas agency, that General
Von Auffenburg, commanding the first
Austrian army, is ill. It is said the
general has contracted cholera.
The historic annual banquet held by
the New York chamber of commerce.
has been postponed on -account of the
war, and the president of the chamber
suggests the members give the price
of each plate ($20) to the Red Cross.
An Antwerp dispatch to the London
Daily Mail says : "King Albert is to
be seen constantly in the danger zone,
He is reported to have ascended in a
balloon to survey operations. The
enemy shelled the balloon but the
shells fell short."
Eighteen steamers of an aggregate
tonnage of 29,681 have been sunk by
German warships during September,
according to a London board of trade
report, while nine steamers were de
stroyed by mines in the North Sea in
the same period, 75 lives being lost.
Secretary Bryan, for the United
States, and Ambassador Bakhmeteff,
for Russia, signed a treaty binding
the two nations to submit all disputes
that cannot be settled diplomatically
to an international commission of five
members for investigation during
period of at least one year, during
which hostilities may not be com
menced. A Petrograd dispatch to the Ex
change Telegraph company, London,
states that the Russian moratorium
has been extended for a month.
A dispatch from Rome asserts that
the.minister of the interior has an
nounced that 15 new cases of cholera
were discovered in the Budapest mili
The operators of a German Zeppelin
dirigible dropped a bomb into a school-
house at Bielostok, Russia, killing the
chilHrpn. li(fnrilinfT tfi n Hiennf,h frnm
Petrograd. Eleven children were
ported killed by the bomb.
European War Hurts Re
public of Panama, Too
Panama Like nearly all the Central
and West Coast South American coun
tries, Panama ia suffering from the
effects of the European conflict. The
situation here is aggravated, it is de
clared, by a lack of financial surplus,
and it has been found necessary to pro
pose the discharge of many govern
ment employes and the stoppage of
practically all of the public work.
There is no immediate possibility of
securing additional revenue from im
port duties. Under treaty agreements
with the United States the republic
cannot increase duties beyond the 15
per cent which is already imposed.
Ever since the outbreak of the Euro
pean war imports have steadily de
clined, those from Europe having al
most disappeared, while imports from
the United States and other neutral
countries have not increased sufficient
ly to make up the deficit.
Recently Ernesto T. .Lefevre, secre
tary of foreign affairs and one of the
president s trusted advisers, stated
that a general reduction of govern
ment salaries was in contemplation.
This, however, he said, cannot be done
without the sanction of the national
assembly. A measure is said to be in
preparation for this purpose.
Considerable dissatisfaction is mani
fest in commercial circles over the de
termination of the administration to
carry to completion the proposed Na
tional exposition. It is pointed out
that the immediate abandonment of
this project would materially aid in
straightening out the country's finances
and probably would make unnecessary
the borrowing of a considerable sum
at high interest.
All Big Gun Factories in
Italy Busy With Orders
Rome Factories manufacturing
big guns are working night and day to
finish the supply of modern ca
which has been ordered for the Italian
army. The firms hope to be able to
hasten the work to such an extent that
the whole army will be provided with
these cannon in a few weeks. An or
der has been issued to hasten the prep
aration of the supply of provisions and
ammunition for the troops.
bignor Monti-Guarnien, deputy from
Pesaro, recently called on the ministry
of war for an explanation of the delay
in the manufacture of cannon ordered
from Italian firms. Parliament not
being in session, the interrogation has
not been answered as yet.
It was semi-officially declared that
the question concerned 87 field bat
teries. The delivery of guns of the 75
millimeter type was delayed owing to
a modification in the specifications
made after the order had been given,
The report that the 1885, 1886 and
1887 classes of reserves would be
called to the colors iB confirmed.
Early in October" is the time Bet for
mobilization. This will make 11 of
the classes of the first category in the
service, with a total of 1,390,000 men,
witnout counting the 80,000 men
now in Tripoli, Italy will have an
army of 1,310,000 men in her own ter
ritory, divided into 30 army corps.
$5,000,000 Is Daily Cost
to German Nation at War
Berlin The response of the German
public to the efforts of the government
to raise a war fund of 5,000,000,000
marks ($1,260,000,000) has, it is as
serted here, removed all anxiety the
nation may have had regarding its
ability to meet financial obligations
due to the war.
Originally the reichstag allowed a
war credit of 5,000,000,000 marks in
addition to the war treasure, and of
this amount 4,500,000,000 marks has
been subscribed by the public without
straining seriously the financial re
sources of the empire.
According to military authorities,
the war is costing Germany about 20,-
000,000 marks ($5,000,000) a day, in
elusive of money spent on behalf of
those who have been deprived of their
breadwinners. The means of the gov
ernment at the beginning of the war,
not counting the permanent war treas
ure bill, including the reserve funds of
the Reichsbank, amounted to about
500,000,000 marks, which in the mean
time, however, has been considerably
increased through the issue of notes.
It is thought, therefore, that the
money available for the purposes of
the campaign can be increased, if nec
essary, by several billion marks.
Mine Is Thought Wine.
Rome Details of the destruction of
a fishing boat off Rimini by a floating
mine show that the fishermen mistook
the mine for a wine cask, which they
sought to recover. Throwing out a
line, they drew the supposed cask to
ward them and when it touched their
craft an explosion occurred. The boat
was blown to pieces and ail the nine
men were killed. Members of other
nsning crews in me vicinity were
wounded? by flying splinters. Experts
say that hundreds of mines from
Austria are floating towards Italy,
$2,000,000 Left Suffrage.
New York The residue of the es
tate of the late Baroness De Bazus,
formerly Mrs. Frank Leslie, has been
bequeathed to the cause of woman
suffrage, it was learned here. The
etsate has been estimated at $2,000,
000. Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt, pres
ident of the Internationl Woman Suf
frage Alliance, said that she had been
informed that she had been named as
recipient of the residue, but had not
been informed yet as to the amount of
Supplies in Hands of Manufac
turers Are Exhausted.
Million and a Half Needed to, Pre
vent Pnemonia Housewives
Strip Beds to Help.
London Colder weather throughout
the training camps in England and in
the war zone on the continent has
emphasized the shortage pf blankets
and overcoats which the English army
Advertisements of the War office
frankly announcing it has exhausted
the supply of blankets in the hands of
manufacturers and wholesalers and
asking retailers to submit bids appear
in many of the London papers. With
about half a million men now in serv
ice, and the prospect that the number
will shortly be doubled, the blanket
supply iB a serious problem.
Great Britain is busy collecting
blankets for Lord Kitchener's new
army, and patriotic housewives are
not only stripping their own beds, but
importuning their frinds. As blan
kets are not long-lived and their places
must be filled by new ones, this form
of tribute is considered about as heavy
as the equivalent in cash. In all, a
million and a half pairs of blankets
must be had.
The outfitting of so many men in so
short a time has overtaxed the machin
ery of the War office. An outbreak
of pneumonia is feared unless blankets
arrive in plenty.
As the climate where the English
are now fighting in France and in por
tions of Germany in which English
men may be engaged is much more
severe than the moist winter of Eng
land, there is some apprehension as
to the effect colder weather will have
on the British forces and much discus
sion as to the most effective way to
guard the soldiers in the trenches
against severe weather.
Reduction of Gasoline lax
Agreed on by Committee
Washington, D. C. Reduction of
the proposed tax on gasoline in the
war revenue bill from 2 cents to 1 cent
a gallon and the imposition of a tax of
50 cents per horsepower on automobile
sales, were agreed to by Democrats of
the senate finance committee.
The committee did not reach the
bank tax in its deliberations but will
have before it soon a sub-committee
recommendation that the proposed tax
of $2 a thousand on bank capital and
surplus be eliminated and that there
be substituted a stamp tax on checks.
drafts, certificates of deposit and other
The tax on checks, drafts, etc.,
would be 2 cents and on certificates of
deposit, etc., 2 cents for each $100.
From this it is estimated the revenue
would be about $10,000,000 a year.
It was also agreed to retain the pro
posed increased tax of 50 cents a bar
rel on beer in the house bill, with the
understanding, however, that a further
increase of 25 might be made should
the committee find it necessary to
raise more revenue after it has com
pleted consideration of all sections of
The proposed tax of 20 cents a gal
Ion on sweet domestic wines and 12
cents on dry wines, the committee
agreed to revise, retaining the house,
rate on sweet wines but reducing the'
dry wine tax to 8 cents. This was on
recommendation of the Treasury de
partment. The committee action with reference
to gasoline and automobiles occasioned
considerable surprise, as the general
expectation had been that an automo
bile tax would be substituted for the
gasoline tax. The one cent on gasoline
will bring revenue amounting to $10,
000,000. The proposed 60 cents per
horsepower on automobile sales will
not affect persons owning automobiles,
but will be levied only on sales. There
is a provision, however, that whenever
a manufacturer already has contracted
to sell automobiles at a certain price
the tax shall be paid by the jobber or
The stamp tax, including the in
surance taxes, tobacco dealers' tax and
other features of the bill, will be con
54 Ships Are Registered.
Washington, D. C Fifty-four ships
aggregating nearly a quarter of a mil
lion tons and worth approximately
$15,000,000 have been added to the
American merchant marine since the
new ship registry law went into effect.
Although the vessels previously sailed
under British, German or Belgian flags
they were really American owned and
had foreign registry only because they
were foreign built. Assistant Secre
tary Sweet, of the department of com
merce, said the question of prizes was
not involved in any of the transfers.
Greece, Warned, Retorts.
London A dispatch to the Express
from Rome says that it is renortprf
there that Emperor William of Ger
many has sent a telegram to the King
of Greece warning him that if Greece
enters into a war against Turkey Ger
many will not guarantee the future
existence or ureece.
Kine Consta n-
tine replied, the dispatch says, that if
anv of the Balkan ntatc t.,,
1 on either side Greece would declare for
J the triple entente.